Poblacion or población (literally "town" or "settlement"[1] in Spanish; Tagalog pronunciation: [pobläˈʃo̞n]) is the common term used for the central, downtown, old town or central business district area of a Philippine city or municipality, which may take up the area of a single barangay or multiple barangays. It is sometimes shortened to Pob.


During the Spanish rule, the colonial government founded hundreds of towns and villages across the archipelago modeled on towns and villages in Spain. The authorities often adopted a policy of Reducción, for the resettlement of inhabitants in far-flung scattered barangays to move into a centralized cabecera (town/district capital) where a newly built church and an ayuntamiento (town hall) were situated.[2] This allowed the government to defend, control and Christianize the indigenous population, to conduct population counts, and to collect tributes.


The población is considered the commercial and industrial center of the city or municipality. Most citizens of a city or municipality residing in the outlying barangays and satellite sitios flock to the población on market days (which is set by a local ordinance of the local government) because most local products and goods from the barrios are brought to the public market located in the población. In this way their products could be sold faster by a wide range of buyers, though there are instances where some citizens would choose to go to another town's poblacion because it is closer to their residences. In some cities and towns, the población (usually the areas surrounding the parish church) doubles as an old town district that features one or more of a few remaining Spanish-built structures in the country.

The cabecera (or the población of a municipio/pueblo) has a basic plan, with a plaza mayor, church and attached convento, civic buildings such as the town hall, and houses of prominent Spaniards.[3][4][5]

Other features include the public market, the central elementary school and high school, police station, and hospital.[6]

Plaza Rizal, Biñan City

Plaza Rizal at Poblacion, Biñan, Laguna

Loboc Bohol 1

The población of Loboc, Bohol, showing structures typical to most town centres: the plaza, town hall, gazebo, and arena

05411jfBonifacio Park Church Palaris San Carlos Pangasinanfvf 10

Bonifacio Park at Palaris (Poblacion), San Carlos, Pangasinan

Plaza at Guiuan, Eastern Samar

Plaza at Guiuan, Eastern Samar with the church in the background

ZAMBOANGA CITY Asia's Latin City City Hall and Plaza Rizal (Ayunamiento y Plaza Rizal)

Plaza Rizal at Zamboanga City showing houses with Spanish Colonial architecture

See also


  1. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.com.ph. Retrieved 2017-02-07.
  2. ^ Constantino, Renato; Constantino, Letizia R. (1975). "Chapter V - The Colonial Landscape". The Philippines: A Past Revisited (Vol. I) (Sixteenth Printing (January 1998) ed.). Manila, Philippines: Renato Constantino. pp. 60–61. ISBN 971-895-800-2. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  3. ^ Abinales, Patricio N.; Amoroso, Donna J. (2005). "New States and Reorientations 1368-1764". State and Society in the Philippines. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 53, 55. ISBN 0742510247. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  4. ^ Alas, José Mario “Pepe”. "28 July 1571: The Foundation Date of the Province of La Laguna". Academia.edu. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  5. ^ "The Philippines Then and Now; Spanish Period". Blogspot. 22 May 2009. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  6. ^ Halili, Christine N. (2004). Philippine History. Manila: Rex Book Store. p. 86. ISBN 9712339343. Retrieved 11 October 2014.
2005 Peru Census

The 2005 Peru Census was a detailed enumeration of the Peruvian population. It was conducted by the Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática from July 18 through August 20, 2005. Its full name in Spanish is X Censo de Población y V de Vivienda ("Tenth Population and Fifth Household Census"). The previous census performed in Peru was the 1993 Census. The following census was the 2007 Census.

The results of the census were released to the public on November 30, 2005 after all the census materials from the country's 25 regions were transported to Arequipa and processed at the INEI information processing center in that city.


Bacolod , officially City of Bacolod (Hiligaynon: Dakbanwa/Syudad sang Bacolod; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Bacolod) and often referred to as Bacolod City, is a highly urbanized city in the Philippines. It is the capital of the province of Negros Occidental where it is geographically situated but governed administratively independent from it.

Having a total of 561,875 inhabitants as of the 2015 census, it is the most populous city in Western Visayas and the second most populous city in the Visayas after Cebu City. It is the center of the Bacolod Metropolitan Area, which also includes the cities of Silay and Talisay with a total population of 791,019 inhabitants, along with a total area of 578.65 km2 (223.42 sq mi).

It is notable for its MassKara Festival held during the third week of October and is known for being a relatively friendly city, as it bears the nickname "The City of Smiles". The city is also famous for its local delicacies piaya and chicken inasal.In 2008, Bacolod topped a survey by MoneySense Magazine as the "Best Place to Live in the Philippines". The city has also been declared by the Department of Science and Technology as a "center of excellence" for information technology and business process management operations. In 2017, Bacolod was awarded as the "Top Philippine Model City" by The Manila Times.

Balabac Island

Balabac Island is the southern-most island of the Palawan province in the Philippines, only about 50 kilometres (31 mi) north from Sabah, Malaysia, across the Balabac Strait.

Administratively, the island forms the main part of Balabac Municipality and is divided into 14 barangays (the other 6 barangays of the municipality are on other nearby islands):

Balabac Island is home to various endemic species. It is the home of birds like the grey imperial pigeon (Ducula pickeringii), Philippine cockatoo (Cacatua haematuropygia), blue-headed racket-tail (Prioniturus platenae), and the Palawan hornbill (Anthracoceros marchei). The Philippine mouse-deer, a subspecies of the greater mouse-deer (Tragulus napu) can only be found in this island.

The Molbogs, a Muslim ethnolinguistic group, is concentrated in this island. Their livelihood includes farming, fishing and barter trading with the nearby Mapun and Sabah market centres.

Batangas City

Batangas City, officially the City of Batangas, (Tagalog: Lungsod ng Batangas, Spanish: Ciudad de Batangas) is a 1st class city in the province of Batangas, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 329,874 people.Batangas City is classified as one of the fastest urbanizing cities of the Philippines, and is known as the "Industrial Port City of Calabarzon". It is home to the Batangas International Port, one of the busiest passenger and container terminals in the Philippines. It also hosts one of the largest oil refineries in the country, three natural gas power plants, and several other major industries. In addition, the city also serves as the educational, industrial and the transportation center of the province.


Catbalogan, officially the City of Catbalogan, or simply referred to as Catbalogan City, is the capital of the province of Samar, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 103,879 people.It is Samar's main commercial, trading, educational, financial and political center. The city is the gateway to the region's three Samar provinces.

Catbalogan's patron saint is St. Bartholomew the Apostle whose feast day is August 24.

The Philippine Army's 8th Infantry Division (Stormtroopers) is based at Camp General Vicente Lukban, Barangay Maulong, Catbalogan City. The camp is named in honor of Gen. Vicente Lukbán, a Filipino officer in Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo's staff during the Philippine Revolution and the politico-military chief of Samar and Leyte during the Philippine-American War.


Laoag, officially the City of Laoag (Ilokano: Siudad ti Laoag), is a 3rd class component city and capital of the province of Ilocos Norte, Philippines.

It is the province's political, commercial, and industrial hub and the location of the Ilocos Region's busiest commercial airport.

The municipalities of San Nicolas, Paoay, Sarrat, Vintar, and Bacarra form its boundaries. The foothills of the Cordillera Central mountain range to the east, and the West Philippine Sea to the west are its physical boundaries.

Laoag experiences the prevailing monsoon climate of Northern Luzon, characterized by a dry season from November to April and a wet season from May to October, occasionally visited by powerful typhoons.


Ligao, officially the City of Ligao, (Central Bicolano: Ciudad kan Ligao; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Ligao), or simply referred to as Ligao City, is a 4th class city in the province of Albay, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 111,399 people.

List of cities in South America

This is a list of cities in South America.

List of hospitals in the Philippines

This is a partial list of hospitals in the Philippines.

Makati Avenue

Makati Avenue (Filipino: Abenida Makati) is a major commercial thoroughfare in Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines. It forms the eastern border of Ayala Triangle and is one of the three main avenues of the Makati Central Business District. The avenue runs in a somewhat north-south diagonal direction almost parallel with Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA). It passes through two distinct neighborhoods of the city: the Makati CBD and the old Makati Población. At its northern end lies the older part of Makati starting from the Makati-Mandaluyong Bridge and J.P. Rizal Avenue. It continues through Población to Gil Puyat Avenue, marking the southern edge of the old district. South of Gil Puyat onto the CBD, the avenue becomes more commercial and upscale. The shopping hub of Ayala Center and Arnaiz Avenue lie at its southern end.

Makati Avenue has two lanes each way in the Poblacion area, widening to three or four in the CBD. It has a short extension into the gated San Lorenzo Village as San Lorenzo Drive.


Ormoc, officially the City of Ormoc (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Ormoc; Waray: Syudad han Ormoc; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Ormoc) or simply referred to as Ormoc City, is a 1st class independent component city in the province of Leyte in the region of Eastern Visayas of the Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 215,031 inhabitants, making it the second most-populous city in the province after the provincial capital, Tacloban City. Ormoc is the economic, cultural, commercial and transportation hub of western Leyte.

Ormoc City is an independent component city, not subject to regulation from the Provincial Government of Leyte. However, the city is part of the 4th Congressional District of Leyte together with Albuera, Kananga, Merida, Palompon and Isabel, and statistically grouped under the province by the Philippine Statistics Authority. On November 8, 2013, the city was extensively damaged by Super Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan), having previously suffered severe destruction and loss of life in 1991 from torrential flooding during Tropical Storm Thelma (Uring).The city's name is derived from ogmok, an archaic Visayan term for "lowland" or "depressed plain". The city also celebrates an annual thanksgiving festival called the Tugob Festival.

Poblacion, Makati

Poblacion is the old downtown area (poblacion) of Makati and its second most important commercial center behind the Makati Central Business District. It is also the city's center of government, culture, history and entertainment and one of the major business districts in Metro Manila.

Poblacion belongs to the city's West District where it forms part of its Northwest Cluster or "Cluster 3". It is bounded on the west by Nicanor Garcia Street and barangay Valenzuela, on the south by Kalayaan Avenue and the Makati CBD (Bel-Air Village), on the east by Estrella Street and Guadalupe Viejo, and on the north by the Pasig River. It has a total land area of 1,034,200 sq.m., that is 3.80% of the total land area of Makati. 3.20% or 17,120 of Makati residents also live in this area, or 17 residents per 1,000 square meters.

Poblacion houses the upscale Rockwell Center and Century City.

Poblacion, Muntinlupa

Poblacion is a barangay in the 1st District of Muntinlupa, Philippines.

The total land area of the barangay is 6.131 km2 of which 5.51 km2 is part of the NBP Reservation. It has a population of 103,104 which makes this the most populated barangay in the City of Muntinlupa. It is located in the southern section of the city close to Metro Manila's border with Laguna. It is bounded on the north by the Muntinlupa barangays of Putatan and Ayala Alabang, on the south by the Muntinlupa barangay of Tunasan, on the west by the Las Piñas barangay of Almanza Dos, and on the east by the Laguna de Bay.

Población de Arroyo

Población de Arroyo is a municipality located in the province of Palencia, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 88 inhabitants.

Población de Campos

Población de Campos is a municipality located in the province of Palencia, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 179 inhabitants.

Población de Cerrato

Población de Cerrato is a municipality located in the province of Palencia, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 133 inhabitants.

San Carlos, Pangasinan

San Carlos City, officially the City of San Carlos, (Pangasinan: Siyudad na San Carlos; Ilokano: Siudad ti San Carlos; Tagalog: Lungsod ng San Carlos), is a 3rd class city in the province of Pangasinan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 188,571 people.As the most populated city in Pangasinan and the entire Ilocos Region.

Also known as Binalatongan, it lies in the central plains of the heart of Pangasinan. Its nearby neighbors are Lingayen, Binmaley, Calasiao, Santa Barbara, Malasiqui, Bayambang, Mangatarem, Urbiztondo and Aguilar with bordering Bugallon and Basista.

Talisay, Negros Occidental

Talisay, officially the City of Talisay, or simply known as Talisay City, is a 4th class city in the province of Negros Occidental, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 102,214 people.It is part of the metropolitan area called Metro Bacolod, which includes its neighbors Silay to the north and Bacolod to the south. It has a total land area of 20,118 hectares (49,710 acres).

Talisay is often confused with another Talisay City, which is a component city in Cebu.

Valencia, Bukidnon

Valencia, officially the City of Valencia (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Valencia; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Valencia) or simply referred to as Valencia City, is a 2nd class city in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 192,993 people.Valencia attained its city status after the ratification of Republic Act No. 8985 on January 12, 2001. The city is the most populous among all cities and municipalities, and the 6th largest in terms of area in the province of Bukidnon. It is also the most populous inland/landlocked city in Mindanao. It is the third largest city in Northern Mindanao in terms of population, after Cagayan de Oro and Iligan City respectively. The city serves as the center of trade and commerce in the province of Bukidnon.

Designations for types of administrative territorial entities

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