Plympton, Massachusetts

Plympton is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 2,820 at the 2010 census.[1] The United States senator William Bradford was born here.

Plympton, Massachusetts
The Country Store, which is now closed
The Country Store, which is now closed
Official seal of Plympton, Massachusetts

Seal
Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts
Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 41°57′10″N 70°48′54″W / 41.95278°N 70.81500°WCoordinates: 41°57′10″N 70°48′54″W / 41.95278°N 70.81500°W
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyPlymouth
Settled1662
Incorporated1707
Government
 • TypeOpen town meeting
Area
 • Total15.1 sq mi (39.2 km2)
 • Land14.8 sq mi (38.3 km2)
 • Water0.4 sq mi (0.9 km2)
Elevation
105 ft (32 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,820
 • Density190/sq mi (72/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
02367
Area code(s)339 / 781
FIPS code25-54415
GNIS feature ID0619472
Websitewww.town.plympton.ma.us

History

Plympton was first settled in 1662 as the western parish of Plymouth. Lands of the original town included all of Carver and Halifax, as well as small portions of Kingston and Middleborough. The town was officially incorporated in 1707 and named for Plympton, Devon, England. In 1734, the town of Halifax separated and incorporated, and Carver did the same in 1790. The current boundaries of the town were set in 1862.

Early residents of Plympton were mostly farmers, living off the land. Founded by Justin P. Daley. The Industrial Revolution brought about factories, which made shoes and shovels, as well as lumber and cotton mills. Today, the town is mostly rural and residential, with very little industry (although an industrial park is in the works). It is easily one of the least developed towns in the southeastern part of the state.

The town's most famous resident was Deborah Sampson, born in the town in 1760. She is best known for pretending to be a man to fight in the American Revolution.[2]

The town's newest addition is a Sysco distribution plant located near U.S. Route 44.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 15.1 square miles (39 km2), of which 14.8 square miles (38 km2) are land and 0.3-square-mile (0.78 km2) (2.31%) is water. Plympton is bordered by Halifax to the northwest, Pembroke to the north, Kingston to the northeast, Carver to the southeast, and Middleborough to the southwest. Plympton is approximately 35 mi (56 km) south of Boston and east of Providence, Rhode Island.

Plympton is mostly rural, with much of the land covered by forests. The northern tip of town lies along Silver Lake, which also extends into Kingston, Pembroke and along the Halifax border. The Winnetuxet River and many other brooks, as well as several smaller ponds, lie within the town. Plympton also has its own town forest and conservation area.

Transportation

The new highway portion of U.S. Route 44 clips the southeastern corner of the town. Routes 58 and 106 pass through the town, Route 106 passing across the northern portion of town, and Route 58 passing from southeast to northwest. Just south of Silver Lake, the Kingston/Plymouth Line of the MBTA's Commuter Rail service to Boston passes through the town, with the nearest stop being in Halifax. The nearest regional airport is Plymouth Municipal Airport; the nearest national and international airport is Logan International Airport in Boston, however the closest airport in general is Cranland Municipal Airport in Hanson, MA.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1850927—    
1860994+7.2%
1870804−19.1%
1880694−13.7%
1890597−14.0%
1900488−18.3%
1910561+15.0%
1920469−16.4%
1930511+9.0%
1940532+4.1%
1950697+31.0%
1960821+17.8%
19701,224+49.1%
19801,974+61.3%
19902,384+20.8%
20002,637+10.6%
20102,820+6.9%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 2,637 people, 854 households, and 737 families residing in the town. The population density was 178.3 people per square mile (68.8/km²). There were 872 housing units at an average density of 59.0 per square mile (22.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.85% White, 0.99% African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.53% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.42% of the population.

There were 854 households out of which 43.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.5% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.7% were non-families. 10.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.09 and the average family size was 3.32.

In the town, the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 28.9% from 45 to 64, and 6.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $70,045, and the median income for a family was $75,000. Males had a median income of $45,531 versus $34,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,344. About 0.8% of families and 2.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Plympton is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives as a part of the Twelfth Plymouth District, which includes Kingston and portions of Duxbury, Halifax, Middleborough and Plymouth. The town is represented in the Massachusetts Senate as a part of the Plymouth and Barnstable District, which includes Bourne, Falmouth, Kingston, Pembroke, Plymouth, Sandwich and portions of Barnstable.[14] The town is patrolled by its own full service Police department.[15]

On the national level, Plympton is a part of Massachusetts's 9th congressional district, and is currently represented by William R. Keating. The state's senior (Class II) member of the United States Senate, elected in 2012, is Elizabeth Warren. The junior (Class I) senator, elected in a special election replacing John Kerry in 2013, is Ed Markey.

Plympton is governed by the open town meeting form of government, led by a board of selectmen. The Town has its own police and fire departments, both of which are headquartered next to the town hall at the center of town. The town's post office is just south of the center of town along Route 58. Adjacent to the town hall on its southern side is the Plympton Public Library, a member of the SAILS Library Network.

Education

Plympton is a member of the Silver Lake Regional School District, which also includes the towns of Kingston and Halifax. Each town is responsible for its own elementary school, with a middle and high school shared between all three towns. Plympton operates the Dennett Elementary School for students from kindergarten through sixth grade. Both the Silver Lake Regional Middle School and the Silver Lake Regional High School are located in neighboring Kingston. The school's athletics teams are nicknamed the Lakers, and their colors are red and silver. There are no private schools in Plympton.

References

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Plympton town, Plymouth County, Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 21, 2012.
  2. ^ Town of Plympton: A Brief History
  3. ^ "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  4. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  5. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  6. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  7. ^ "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  8. ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  9. ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  10. ^ "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  11. ^ "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  12. ^ "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  14. ^ Index of Legislative Representation by City and Town, from Mass.gov
  15. ^ Station D-4, SP Middleborough

External links

Carver, Massachusetts

Carver is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 11,509 at the 2010 census. It is named for John Carver, the first governor of the Plymouth Colony. The town features two popular tourist attractions: Edaville USA theme park and King Richard's Faire, the largest and longest-running renaissance fair in New England.

Deborah Sampson

Deborah Sampson Gannett (December 17, 1760 – April 29, 1827), better known as Deborah Samson or Deborah Sampson, was a Massachusetts woman who disguised herself as a man in order to serve in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. She is one of a small number of women with a documented record of military combat experience in that war. She served 17 months in the army under the name "Robert Shirtliff" (also spelled in various sources as Shirtliffe and Shurtleff) of Uxbridge, Massachusetts, was wounded in 1782, and was honorably discharged at West Point, New York, in 1783.

Harrobs Corner Bog Pond

Harrobs Corner Bog Pond is a 16-acre (65,000 m2) pond in Plympton, Massachusetts. The pond is located in the North Plympton section of the town north of Harrobs Corner off Route 106 and Lake Street, and south of Silver Lake village. The pond is hydrologically associated with a cranberry bog operation located to the northeast of the pond. An unnamed brook heading south toward Jones River Creek, a tributary of the Jones River, is the outflow of the pond. The water quality is impaired due to non-native aquatic plants in the pond.

Henry Martyn Dexter

Henry Martyn Dexter (August 13, 1821 – November 13, 1890), American Congregational clergyman and author, was born in Plympton, Massachusetts.

He graduated at Yale in 1840 and at the Andover Theological Seminary in 1844; was pastor of a Congregational church in Manchester, New Hampshire, in 1844-1849, and of the Berkeley Street Congregational church, Boston, in 1849-1867; was an editor of the Congregationalist in 1851-1866, of the Congregational Quarterly in 1859-1866, and of the Congregationalist, with which the Recorder was merged, from 1867 until his death in New Bedford, Massachusetts. He was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1869.He was an authority on the history of Congregationalism and was lecturer on that subject at the Andover Theological Seminary in 1877-1879; he left his fine library on the Puritans in America to Yale University.

Hiram Fuller (journalist)

Hiram Fuller (born in Halifax, Massachusetts, September 6, 1814; died November 19, 1880) was a United States journalist and educator.

Indian Pond (Kingston, Massachusetts)

Indian Pond is a 66-acre (270,000 m2) shallow, infertile, warm-water pond in Kingston and Plympton, Massachusetts, west of Route 80 and north of the new U.S. Route 44 highway. The average depth of the pond is three feet. Access to the pond is off Indian Road in Plympton. Fishing is regarded as generally poor due to the acidity of the water and the pond's natural infertility.

Joseph Sampson

Joseph Sampson (October 16, 1794 – May 21, 1872) was a 19th-century American businessman and merchant. He was among the founding shareholders of Chemical Bank in 1823.

Massachusetts Route 106

Route 106 is a west–east highway in southeastern Massachusetts, United States.

Massachusetts Route 58

Route 58 is a south–north highway in southeastern Massachusetts. For all but its final 0.4 miles (0.64 km), the route lies within Plymouth County.

Patrick Keohane

Petty Officer Patrick Keohane (1879–1950) was an Irish member of Robert Falcon Scott's Antarctic expedition of 1910–1913, the Terra Nova Expedition.

Plimptonville station

Plimptonville is an MBTA Commuter Rail station in Walpole, Massachusetts. It is located near the Neponset River next to a small dirt parking lot between Plimpton Street and the tracks. It is a flag stop on the Franklin Line, and receives the least service of any MBTA station, with just one round trip per day, consisting of an inbound morning train and an outbound evening train at the height of rush hour. Ridership on that round trip averaged just 13 passengers daily by a 2013 count. Plimptonville has one of the smallest station facilities on the MBTA Commuter Rail system: an approximately 10-foot (3.0 m)-wide low-level asphalt platform next to the single track, with a small gravel parking lot.

Plympton, Nova Scotia

Plympton is a community in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, located in the District of Clare in Digby County. It is home to Savary Provincial Park. Notable residents include Alfred William Savary, an early parliamentarian and local historian.

The community was named after Plympton, Massachusetts.

Plympton Village Historic District

The Plympton Village Historic District encompasses the historic village center of Plympton, Massachusetts. It is a roughly linear district, running along Main Street (Massachusetts Route 58) between Palmer Road and Mayflower Road. There are twenty buildings in the district, most of which are residential. The focal point of the district, however, is the town green, around which the town's main civic buildings are arrayed. The green was laid out in 1702, but the oldest civic building (the First Congregational Church) was built in the 1850s, a period in which many of the houses were also built. The oldest building in the district is the Reverend Ezra Sampson House at 255 Main Street, which was built in the late 18th century.The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2007.

Samuel C. Wright

Samuel Cole Wright (September 29, 1842 – July 6, 1906) was a sergeant in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Wright served with the 29th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, participated in 30 battles, was wounded five times and twice reported dead. For his actions during the Battle of Antietam he received the Medal of Honor on January 29, 1896.

Silver Lake (Plymouth County, Massachusetts)

Silver Lake is a 640-acre (2.6 km2) lake in Pembroke, Kingston, and Plympton, Massachusetts, south of Route 27 and east of Route 36. The Pembroke/Plympton town line is entirely within the lake, and a portion of the western shoreline of the lake is the town line with Halifax. It used to be called the Jones River Pond, but its name was changed to Silver Lake in the 1800s in a marketing effort to sell more ice from it. The lake is the principal water supply for the City of Brockton, whose water treatment plant is on Route 36 in Halifax. The inflow of the pond is Tubbs Meadow Brook, and the pond is the headwaters of the Jones River. Occasionally water is diverted into Silver Lake from Monponsett Pond in Halifax and Furnace Pond in Pembroke (through Tubbs Meadow Brook) whenever there is a water shortage. Although the lake is a reservoir, which prevents recreational activities to keep the drinking water clean, the water from the diversions are not and can pump in contaminated water. Monponsett Pond in particular has reoccurring toxic algae growths which get transferred into the lake. It is supposed to be the main source of the Jones River by contributing about twenty percent of the river's flow, but the Forge Pond Dam near its base lets out minimal, some years no, water to the river. This also prevents migratory aquatic animals from reaching the lake. Brockton prefers to keep the dam to have more accessible water. Access to the pond is through Silver Lake Sanctuary, a 92-acre (370,000 m2) property where one can walk, hike and fish, which is located at the end of Barses Lane, off Route 27 in Kingston.

Sumner, Maine

Sumner is a town in Oxford County, Maine, United States. Sumner is included in the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine metropolitan New England city and town area. The population was 939 at the 2010 census. The town includes the villages of West Sumner and East Sumner.

William Bradford (Rhode Island politician)

William Bradford (November 4, 1729 – July 6, 1808) was a physician, lawyer, and politician, serving as United States Senator from Rhode Island and deputy governor of the state.

Zabdiel Sampson

Zabdiel Sampson (August 22, 1781 – July 19, 1828) was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts.

Municipalities and communities of Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States
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