Plymouth is a town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States, in the White Mountains Region. Plymouth is located at the convergence of the Pemigewasset and Baker rivers. The population was 6,990 at the 2010 census. The town is home to Plymouth State University, Speare Memorial Hospital, and Plymouth Regional High School.
The town's central settlement, where 4,456 people resided at the 2010 census (a large number of whom are Plymouth State students), is defined as the Plymouth census-designated place (CDP), and is located along U.S. Route 3, south of the confluence of the Baker and Pemigewasset rivers.
Plymouth, New Hampshire
Town center (left to right): Plymouth Post Office, Rounds Hall of Plymouth State University (in background), Plymouth Congregational Church, Town Hall
Location in Grafton County, New Hampshire
|Named for||Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts|
|• Board of Selectmen||William Bolton, Chair|
|• Town Administrator||Paul Freitas|
|• Total||28.7 sq mi (74.3 km2)|
|• Land||28.1 sq mi (72.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2) 2.00%|
|Elevation||520 ft (158 m)|
|• Density||249/sq mi (96.0/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern)|
|GNIS feature ID||0873702|
Plymouth was originally the site of an Abenaki village that was burned to the ground by Captain Thomas Baker in 1712. This was just one of the many British raids on American Indian settlements during Queen Anne's War. Part of a large plot of undivided land in the Pemigewasset Valley, the town was first named New Plymouth, after the original Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts. Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth granted Plymouth to settlers from Hollis, all of whom had been soldiers in the French and Indian War. Some had originally come from Plymouth, Massachusetts. The town was incorporated in 1763. Parts of Hebron and Campton were annexed in 1845 and 1860.
In 1806, then-lawyer Daniel Webster lost his first criminal case at the Plymouth courthouse, which now houses the Historical Society. The author Nathaniel Hawthorne, while on vacation in 1864 with former U.S. President Franklin Pierce, died in Plymouth at the second Pemigewasset House, which was later destroyed by fire in 1909. In the early 20th century, the Draper and Maynard Sporting Goods Company (D&M) sold products directly to the Boston Red Sox, and players such as Babe Ruth would regularly visit to pick out their equipment. The Plymouth Normal School was founded in 1871 out of the already existing Holmes Plymouth Academy, becoming the state's first teachers' college. It would later evolve into Plymouth Teachers' College in 1939, Plymouth State College in 1963, and finally Plymouth State University in 2003.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.7 square miles (74.3 km2), of which 28.1 square miles (72.8 km2) are land and 0.58 square miles (1.5 km2) are water, comprising 2.00% of the town. Plymouth is drained by the Pemigewasset and Baker rivers and lies within the Merrimack River watershed. Plymouth Mountain, elevation 2,193 feet (668 m) above sea level, the highest point in Plymouth, is in the south, and the slopes of Tenney Mountain are in the west. (The 2,310-foot (700 m) summit of Tenney Mountain lies in the town of Groton.)
The main village of Plymouth, a census-designated place, has a total area of 3.7 square miles (9.7 km2). 3.7 square miles (9.5 km2) of it are land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2) of it (2.31%) are water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 6,990 people, 1,953 households, and 947 families residing in the town. The population density was 248.8 people per square mile (96.0/km²). There were 2,231 housing units at an average density of 30.6 units/km² (79.4 units/sq mi). The racial makeup of the town was 95.6% White, 1.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.5% some other race, and 1.6% from two or more races. 1.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,953 households, out of which 24.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.1% were headed by married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder whose husband did not live with her, and 50.1% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.9% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41, and the average family size was 2.89.
In the town, the population was spread out with 12.0% under the age of 18, 50.4% from 18 to 24, 13.3% from 25 to 44, 16.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.6 males.
For the period 2009-2013, the estimated median annual income for a household in the town was $41,709, and the median income for a family was $79,453. Male full-time workers had a median income of $52,297 versus $28,851 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,804. 22.5% of the population and 3.3% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 4.3% were under the age of 18 and 9.8% were 65 or older.
Plymouth is governed in the traditional New England style, with a 5-member board of selectmen as its executive branch, and the traditional Town Meeting as its legislative branch. Municipal elections and Town Meetings are customarily held in March.
|Select Board||William Bolton, Chair|
|Michael Ahern Jr.|
|Town Clerk||Karen Freitas|
|Deputy Clerk||Jaseya Girona|
|Town Administrator||Paul Freitas|
|Police Chief||Stephen Lefebvre|
|Fire Chief||Casino Clogston|
Plymouth, like all other towns in New Hampshire, elects official representatives at the county, state and federal levels. These officials represent the various jurisdictions in which the town of Plymouth lies, and none of them represent the town exclusively. Each official is elected in his or her own district. Currently, Plymouth is situated in New Hampshire's 2nd congressional district, the State House of Representatives Grafton County District 8, State Senate District 2, and Executive Council District 1.
|County Commissioner||Martha B. Richards||Democratic|
|County Treasurer||Bonnie Parker||Democratic|
|County Sheriff||Doug Dutile||Republican|
|County Attorney||Lara Saffo||Democratic|
|County Registrar of Deeds||Kelley Monahan||Democratic|
|County Registrar of Probate||Rebecca Wyman||Republican|
|State Representatives||Mary Cooney||Democratic|
|State Senator||Bob Giuda||Republican|
|Executive Councilor||Michael J. Cryans||Democratic|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives||Ann McLane Kuster||Democratic|
Deborah Reynolds was a Democratic member of the New Hampshire Senate, representing the 2nd District from 2006 to 2010. She was Chairman of the New Hampshire Senate Judiciary Committee and served on the Commerce, Labor and Consumer Protection Committee, Rules and Enrolled Bills Committee, and the Ways and Means Committee. She is one of five governor-appointed commissioners on the New Hampshire Commission for Human Rights.
The Senate District 2 comprises Alexandria, Ashland, Bath, Benton, Bridgewater, Bristol, Campton, Canaan, Center Harbor, Dorchester, Easton, Ellsworth, Groton, Haverhill, Hebron, Holderness, Landaff, Lyme, Meredith, Monroe, New Hampton, Orange, Orford, Piermond, Plymouth, Rumney, Sanbornton, Thornton, Warren, Wentworth and Woodstock.Eliza Coupe
Eliza Kate Coupe (born April 6, 1981) is an American actress and comedian, known for playing Jane Kerkovich-Williams in the ABC comedy series Happy Endings, Denise "Jo" Mahoney in the final two seasons of the medical comedy-drama Scrubs, and her recurring role as Hannah Wyland in Quantico.Fanny Langdon
Fanny E. Langdon (15 July 1864 - 21 October 1899) was an American zoologist known for her work with invertebrate sensory organs and nervous systems. Langdon was born in Plymouth, New Hampshire and attended a normal school, teaching for three years in New Hampshire before pursuing undergraduate studies in zoology and botany at the University of Michigan in 1891. She earned her bachelor's degree in 1896 and her master's degree in 1897. After earning her degrees, she became an instructor in botany and zoology at the University of Michigan, and researched at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachusetts in 1897. Langdon died after appendicitis surgery.Harl Pease
Harl Pease, Jr., (April 10, 1917 – October 8, 1942) was a United States Army Air Corps officer and a recipient of the United States military's highest award, the Medal of Honor, for his actions during World War II. He was the namesake for Pease Air Force Base, now Pease Air National Guard Base.Jed Hoyer
Jed Room Hoyer (born December 7, 1973), is the executive vice-president and general manager of the Chicago Cubs. He has been the general manager of the San Diego Padres, and the assistant general manager of the Boston Red Sox.Joyce Weston
Joyce Weston is an American politician, who was elected to the New Hampshire House of Representatives in the 2018 elections. She will represent the Grafton 8th District as a member of the Democratic Party.Lake Merrimack
Lake Merrimack was a glacial lake that formed during the late Pleistocene epoch. After the Laurentide ice sheet retreated, glacial ice melt accumulated at the terminal moraine and blocked up the Merrimack River, creating the narrow lake. The lake extended from Manchester to Plymouth, New Hampshire. It is unknown when the lake was drained.
Lake Hitchcock is an important part of the geology of New Hampshire. It experienced annual layering of sediments, or varves: silt and sand in the summertime (due to glacial meltwater) and clay in the wintertime (as the lake froze).Nathaniel Peabody Rogers
Nathaniel Peabody Rogers (June 3, 1794 – October 16, 1846) was an American abolitionist writer who, from June 1838 until June 1846, served as editor of the New England anti-slavery newspaper Herald of Freedom.Old Grafton County Courthouse
The Old Grafton County Courthouse is a historic courthouse building at 1 Court Street in Plymouth, New Hampshire. This modest wood frame building was built in 1774 to serve as one of two courthouses for Grafton County, which had just been established; it is one of the oldest surviving civic structures in the state. It is now the museum of the Plymouth Historical Society. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982, and included in the Plymouth Historic District in 1986.Plymouth Historic District (Plymouth, New Hampshire)
The Plymouth Historic District encompasses a cluster of five civic buildings (of which four contribute to the district's significance) and the town common of Plymouth, New Hampshire. The buildings are arrayed on the west side of Plymouth's town common, laid out not long after the town's settlement in 1763. The 2-acre (0.81 ha) district includes the town hall/court house, the Pemigewasset National Bank building, and the US Post Office building, as well as the Old Grafton County Courthouse (now a local history museum). The Plymouth Congregation Church also falls within the district bounds, but is not considered contributing. The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.Plymouth was granted township status in 1763, with significant settlement not taking place until the 1770s. The town center is located on terraces on the west bank of the Pemigewasset River, with its commercial core extending along Main Street (United States Route 3). The town common is an oval bounded on the east by Main Street, where commercial buildings face it, and the west by Post Office Square, where the buildings of the historic district are arrayed. Its most prominent feature is a fountain, depicting a Boy Scout kneeling with cupped hands to hold water; it was designed by George Borst, a summertime resident of Plymouth, and placed in 1933. It was here that the town's first colonial meeting house was built, on whose site the 20th-century Congregational Church now stands. Just to its north stands Plymouth Town Hall, built in 1890 to a design by New Hampshire architect C. Willis Damon to also serve as a county courthouse. Adjacent to the town hall is the Old Grafton County Courthouse, one of the state's oldest civic buildings, built in 1774. South of the church stands the 1885 Pemigewasset National Bank building, still in use as a bank, and the 1936 post office.Plymouth Municipal Airport (New Hampshire)
Plymouth Municipal Airport (FAA LID: 1P1) is a public airport located in Plymouth, New Hampshire, three miles (5 km) north-west of the central business district of Plymouth, in Grafton County, New Hampshire, USA. The airport is equipped with an AWOS III-PT which provides meteorological information to pilots and other interested parties. It is included in the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2017–2021, in which it is categorized as a local general aviation facility.Plymouth Regional High School
Plymouth Regional High School (PRHS) is a public secondary school in Plymouth, New Hampshire, United States. Surrounding towns that attend PRHS are Ashland, Holderness, Campton, Rumney, Wentworth, Warren, Ellsworth, Waterville Valley and Thornton. Bruce Parsons is the current principal. The facility, opened in 1970, is located on Old Ward Bridge Road in Plymouth. It also housed Plymouth Elementary School until 1990. Plymouth Regional was known as Plymouth Area High School until 1991. The school colors are navy blue and white.Plymouth State University
Plymouth State University (PSU), formerly Plymouth State College, is a public university in Plymouth, New Hampshire. It enrolls approximately 4,200 undergraduate students and 2,100 graduate students. The school was founded as Plymouth Normal School in 1871. Since that time it has evolved to a teachers college, a state college, and finally to a state university in 2003. PSU is part of the University System of New Hampshire.
Plymouth State is one of 311 institutions of higher learning nationwide included on the Carnegie Foundation Community Engagement Classification. According to Carnegie, PSU was honored for "excellent alignment of mission, culture, leadership, resources, and practices that support dynamic and noteworthy community engagement."Stephanie Birkitt
Stephanie Anne Birkitt is an American attorney and former assistant to David Letterman on Late Show with David Letterman. Although Birkitt frequently appeared on the program as a character named Vicki, Letterman often referred to her by various other nicknames such as Smitty, Kitty, Monty, Gunther, and Dutch. She and Letterman were involved in a sexual relationship.Tenney Mountain
Tenney Mountain is a mountain near Plymouth, New Hampshire. The summit of the mountain, at 2,350 feet (720 m) above sea level, is located in the town of Rumney, approximately .4 miles (0.6 km) west of the top of the Tenney Mountain Ski and Snowboarding Area.Tenney Mountain Ski Resort
Tenney Mountain Ski Resort is a ski area in Plymouth, New Hampshire, located on Tenney Mountain. It closed in 2010 after operating for 45 years, but reopened for ski operations in March 2018.WPCR-FM
WPCR-FM (91.7 FM, Music From The Edge), in Plymouth, New Hampshire, is the student-operated college radio station for Plymouth State University. The station is located in the Hartman Union Building (a.k.a. the "HUB"), the school's center of student activity. WPCR has a wide variety of college radio programming from several genres of music, with the primary focus on smaller, independent record labels, rather than a mainstream, Top 40 style format.WPNH-FM
WPNH-FM is a commercial radio station located in Plymouth, New Hampshire, broadcasting on 100.1 FM. The station identifies itself as "100.1 The Planet" and airs active rock peppered with alternative rock and, more recently, classic rock.
WPNH-FM originally transmitted from a hilltop in nearby Holderness until the late 1990s when the station's transmitter was moved to the top of Tenney Mountain in Plymouth by new owners.
In January 2013, soon after another rock station in the area was purchased by new owners who immediately stopped broadcasting the show, WPNH-FM became the Central New Hampshire affiliate for The Free Beer and Hot Wings Show. It replaced the station's previous morning show, the locally-produced "Daily Planet" hosted by then-music director Annie Biello and newswoman Amy Bates.
On December 29, 2014, shortly after hiring a new music director, the station began incorporating classic rock into its programming while eliminating most of its classic alternative catalog. The station now primarily broadcasts Westwood One's Rock 2.0 music service, peppering in locally-selected music on featured shows like Local Outbreak, Out Of The Box and Punch Out.WPNH-FM's sister stations are WFTN and WFTN-FM in Franklin, WSCY in Moultonborough, and WPNH in Plymouth.
The station does not stream its signal over the internet.WPNH (AM)
WPNH and WFTN are commercial AM radio stations in Central New Hampshire. They are licensed to Plymouth (WPNH, 1300 kHz) and Franklin (WFTN 1240 kHz). The stations are branded as "Oldies 92.9" and simulcast the Oldies format on all four signals. Oldies 92.9's brand of oldies features an unusually deep and vast playlist offering the first generation of rock and roll of the 1960s. Oldies 92.9 also offers select hits from the late '50s and tops out musically into the early to mid '70s. The stations also carry Boston Red Sox during the baseball season. The studios are in Franklin, along with co-owned WPNH-FM, WFTN-FM and WSCY. Prior to the addition of the both of their 92.9 FM translators, 1240 WFTN and 1300 WPNH featured programming from Westwood One's "America's Best Music" adult standards format.
WPNH is a Class D station with 5,000 watts days and 88 watts at night, non directional while WFTN is a Class C station with 1,000 watts 24 hours a day. The stations also can be heard on FM translators at 92.9 MHz, W225CB, located in Tilton, New Hampshire and W225CT also on 92.9 in Plymouth, New Hampshire. WPNH & WFTN are known in the local market as Oldies 92.9 (after the translator frequency for both stations). The station does not stream its signal over the internet.
Places adjacent to Plymouth, New Hampshire
Municipalities and communities of Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States