Player to be named later

In Major League Baseball, a player to be named later (PTBNL) is an unnamed player involved in exchange or "trade" of players between teams. The terms of a trade are not finalized until a later date, most often following the conclusion of the season.

Postponing a trade's final conditions or terms is often done for several reasons. First, the team receiving the PTBNL might not be certain which position they want to fill, so this type of deal gives them more time to figure it out. Second, this type of arrangement gives the team receiving the PTBNL more time to evaluate the available talent on the other team. Also, when a trade takes place during August, a player must clear waivers before he can be traded; the PTBNL concept allows the player's original team to make an attempt to have him clear waivers then finalize the deal, or (if the player cannot clear waivers) wait until the end of the season to trade him.

When a PTBNL transaction occurs, the negotiating teams usually agree on a list of five to ten players that the PTBNL will ultimately be chosen from.

The deal must close within six months of the conclusion of the rest of the trade. If the teams can't agree on who the player will be, then they will agree on a price to be paid instead of a player. It is possible that a player could end up being traded for himself, as has happened four times in MLB history.

The PTBNL is generally a minor league player or a journeyman major leaguer. Very few PTBNLs are of known star quality at the time of trade, however some minor league PTBNLs have gone on to be productive in the majors, including: Michael Brantley,[1] Jeremy Bonderman,[2] Scott Podsednik,[3] Coco Crisp,[4] Marco Scutaro,[5] Moisés Alou,[6] Jason Schmidt,[7] Gio González,[8] and David Ortiz.[9]

Notable PTBNLs

Players traded for themselves

Four players in MLB history were traded for a PTBNL, then subsequently traded back to their original teams, thus being players that were traded for themselves:

Dave Winfield and the 1994 strike

Dave Winfield, a Baseball Hall of Famer, near the end of his career, was included in a PTBNL trade complicated by the 1994 strike.

While a member of the Minnesota Twins, Winfield was traded on August 31, 1994 to the Cleveland Indians for a PTBNL. Under the terms and conditions of the trade, if Winfield appeared in 16 or more games with the Indians, the Twins would receive a Class AA-level PTBNL, but if he played between one and 15 games the PTBNL would be Class A-level.

However, the strike led to the season eventually being canceled with no further games played. To settle the trade, Cleveland paid Minnesota a token sum of $100, and the Indians' general manager took the Twins' general manager out to dinner and picked up the dinner tab (official sources list the transaction as Winfield having been sold by the Twins to the Indians).[14]

In popular culture

In the movie Bull Durham, Kevin Costner's character Crash Davis introduces himself to his new manager as "I'm the player to be named later."[15]

In other sports

In the National Hockey League, future considerations work in a similar fashion to PTBNLs, except that, because the NHL allows teams to trade draft picks, but does not allow teams to trade players or draft picks for cash, draft picks can be traded instead of cash.

See also


  1. ^
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  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
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  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ Derfner, Jeremy (August 3, 2000). "What Is a Player To Be Named Later?". Slate. Retrieved January 26, 2007.
  11. ^ Kroner, Steve (April 9, 2006). "20TH ANNIVERSARY: Brad Gulden / The original The original Humm-baby / Craig's fond label for scrub caught on". Archived from the original on October 9, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2013.
  12. ^ "Tiger-Cub Trade Even!". Toledo Blade. October 24, 1987. p. 16.
  13. ^ "The Transactions for 2005". Retrosheet.
  14. ^ Keegan, Tom (September 11, 1994). "Owners try on global thinking cap". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
  15. ^ Kevin Costner (Crash Davis) (1988). Bull Durham (Film). USA: MGM.

External links

1975 Atlanta Braves season

The 1975 Atlanta Braves season was the tenth season in Atlanta along with the 105th season as a franchise overall and the 100th in the National League.

1978 San Francisco Giants season

The 1978 San Francisco Giants season was the Giants' 96th season in Major League Baseball, their 21st season in San Francisco since their move from New York following the 1957 season, and their 19th at Candlestick Park. The team finished in third place in the National League West with an 89-73 record, 6 games behind the Los Angeles Dodgers.

1981 Chicago Cubs season

The 1981 Chicago Cubs season was the 110th season of the Chicago Cubs franchise, the 106th in the National League and the 66th at Wrigley Field. The Cubs finished the first-half in last place at 15-37, 17½ games behind the Philadelphia Phillies, and the second-half in fifth place at 23-28, six games behind the eventual NL East Champion Montreal Expos in the National League East. It was also the final season for the Cubs under the Wrigley family ownership, as the Tribune Company took over the club late in the year.

1981 St. Louis Cardinals season

The St. Louis Cardinals 1981 season was the team's 100th season in St. Louis, Missouri and the 90th season in the National League. 1981 was a season of two significant anomalies: A change in the playoff format, which created the first-ever Divisional Series with a qualification variant that existed only for that season, and the players' strike, which truncated the regular season. Despite finishing 59-43, good for the best overall record in the National League East, the strike set up the scenario where the Cardinals actually missed the playoffs. The regular season was split into halves to tally teams' records separately in each half of the season, and because the Cardinals finished in second place in each half, they did not qualify for the 1981 playoffs. Major League Baseball reverted to the previous playoff format the following season, and the Cardinals qualified for that postseason.

First baseman Keith Hernandez won a Gold Glove this year.

1982 New York Yankees season

The New York Yankees' 1982 season was the 80th season for the Yankees. The team finished in fifth place in the American League Eastern Division with a record of 79–83, finishing 16 games behind the AL Champion Milwaukee Brewers. As a result, the Yankees endured their first losing season since going 80–82 in 1973, the team's final season at the original Yankee Stadium before the 1976 renovations. The Yankees were managed by Gene Michael, Bob Lemon, and Clyde King. The Yankees played their home games at Yankee Stadium.

Mel Allen, the long time Yankees play-by-play commentator, returned that season this time as a cable PBP man for the Yankees broadcasts on SportsChannel NY with Fran Healy. He had been a familiar face to many for several years now since his return to television in 1975 as the voice-over narrator and presenter for the hit program This Week in Baseball.

1984 New York Yankees season

The New York Yankees' 1984 season was the 82nd season for the Yankees. The team finished in third place in the American League Eastern Division with a record of 87-75, finishing 17 games behind the Detroit Tigers. New York was managed by Yogi Berra. The Yankees played at Yankee Stadium.

1984 San Francisco Giants season

The 1984 San Francisco Giants season was the Giants' 102nd season in Major League Baseball, their 27th season in San Francisco since their move from New York following the 1957 season, and their 25th at Candlestick Park. The team finished in sixth place in the National League West with a 66-96 record, 26 games behind the San Diego Padres.

1986 Baltimore Orioles season

The 1986 Baltimore Orioles season was a season in American baseball. It involved the Orioles finishing 7th in the American League East with a record of 73 wins and 89 losses. On August 5th, the Orioles were in second place with a record of 59-47, just 2.5 games out of first place, but the Orioles would lose 42 of their final 56 games to finish in last place in the AL East.

1995 Detroit Tigers season

The 1995 Detroit Tigers finished in fourth place in the American League Eastern Division with a record of 60–84 (.417).

1995 New York Mets season

The New York Mets' 1995 season was the 34th regular season for the Mets. They went 69-75 and finished 2nd in the NL East. They were managed by Dallas Green. They played home games at Shea Stadium.

Charlie Hudson

Charles Hudson (born August 18, 1949 in Ada, Oklahoma) is a former left-handed Major League Baseball pitcher who played from 1972 to 1975 for the St. Louis Cardinals, Texas Rangers and California Angels. He was 6'3" tall and he weighed 185 pounds. He attended Tupelo High School in Tupelo, Oklahoma.

Hudson was originally drafted by the New York Mets in the 10th round of the 1967 draft. He had quite a bit of success as a starter in the minors, for example going a combined 20-9 with a 2.10 ERA in his first two minor league seasons. He was also used as a reliever at times in the minors, and he saw success in that role as well.

Before ever playing in a Major League uniform with the Mets, Hudson was traded with Jim Bibby, Rich Folkers and Art Shamsky to the St. Louis Cardinals for Jim Beauchamp, Chuck Taylor, Harry Parker, and Chip Coulter on October 18, 1971.

He spent less than a year in the Cardinals minor league system before making his big league debut on May 21, 1972 against the Chicago Cubs at the age of 22. Although he walked a batter in his first game, Hudson did not surrender a single hit or allow a single run in two innings pitched. The success he witnessed in his first game did not carry over to the rest of the season though, as he finished with a 5.11 ERA in 12 relief appearances.

On February 1, 1973, he was traded with a player to be named later to the Rangers for a player to be named later. The Cardinals' player to be named later ended up being Mike Nagy, while the Rangers' player to be named later ended up being Mike Thompson. He developed the knuckleball in 1973, and it became his key pitch.

Hudson appeared in 25 games in 1973, starting four of them. He posted an ERA of 4.62 and he struck out 34 batters in 62​1⁄3 innings of work.

On April 24, 1974, he was traded to the Cleveland Indians for Ted Ford. He never appeared in the Majors in an Indians uniform though, and he was sent to the Angels on September 12, 1974 for Bill Gilbreth.

He appeared in three games for the Angels in 1975, starting one of them. He posted a record of 0-1. In five and two thirds innings of work that year, Hudson surrendered six earned runs for a 9.53 ERA. He played his final big league game on July 10, 1975.

Overall, Hudson went 5-3 with a 5.04 ERA in 40 games, five of which he started. In 80​1⁄3 innings of work, he surrendered 76 hits, walked 42 and struck out 38.

Dickie Noles

Dickie Ray Noles (born November 19, 1956) is an American former Major League Baseball pitcher with the Philadelphia Phillies, Chicago Cubs, Texas Rangers, Cleveland Indians, Detroit Tigers and the Baltimore Orioles between 1979 and 1990. He batted and threw right-handed. Today Noles is a born-again Christian and works for the Philadelphia Phillies.

Noles was an effective relief pitcher for the Phillies' 1980 World Series championship team. In Game 4 of that series, Noles came on in relief of Larry Christenson in the first inning with only one out and the Phillies down 4–0 to the Kansas City Royals. Noles pitched the next 4​2⁄3 innings and gave up another run, but is most remembered for throwing a fastball under George Brett's chin in the fourth inning that prompted a warning by the umpires to both teams. Brett struck out in the at-bat and had only three singles and one RBI the remainder of the series. The brushback incident is looked upon as the turning point in that series for the Phillies.

Before the 1982 season, Noles was traded along with Keith Moreland to the Chicago Cubs for pitcher Mike Krukow and cash. Noles had an effective season as a starter in 1982, going 10–13. In early 1983, however, Noles' alcohol problems began to surface. He and a Cubs teammate drunkenly assaulted a police officer after a game and Noles severely injured his left knee. Noles spent 16 days in jail, was forced to enter alcohol rehabilitation, and was forced to pay a substantial amount of his baseball earnings in an ensuing civil suit. Noles reports that he has been sober since April 9, 1983, the date of the incident.In 1987, Noles became one of only four players in history to be "traded for themselves", joining Harry Chiti, Brad Gulden, and John McDonald. Noles was traded from the Cubs to the Detroit Tigers for a player to be named later. 33 days later, the teams were unable to agree on what player Chicago would receive, and so Noles was shipped back to the Cubs, completing a deal in which he was traded for himself.

Greg Brummett

Gregory Scott "Spike" Brummett (born April 20, 1967) is a former right-handed Major League Baseball starting pitcher who played for the San Francisco Giants and Minnesota Twins in 1993.

Prior to playing professionally, Brummett attended Wichita State University. With them, he won the 1989 College World Series Most Outstanding Player award while a senior. He is the only player from Wichita State University to win that award. In 1989, he tied for the Division I lead in wins with Kirk Dressendorfer and Scott Erickson. That total also tied him with Bryan Oelkers for most wins ever by a Wichita State pitcher.

To close out his collegiate career, he had 13 straight victories. Overall, he had 43 wins, 59 starts and 424 innings pitched in his collegiate career. He also had 364 strikeouts.

Brummett was drafted by the Giants in the 11th round of the 1989 amateur draft. He played for two different minor league teams in 1989, the San Jose Giants and the Everett Giants. For San Jose, he went 0-1 with a 5.59 ERA in two games. For Everett, he went 4-2 with a 2.88 ERA in 14 games (10 starts).

In 1990, Brummett played for the Clinton Giants, going 2-2 with a 3.51 ERA in six games (four starts). He again played for Clinton in 1991, going 10-5 with a 2.72 ERA in 16 games. Brummett split the 1992 season with the San Jose Giants and the Phoenix Firebirds. He appeared in 19 games for the Firebirds, going 10-4 with a 2.61 ERA. In three games with Phoenix, he went 0-1 with a 7.71 ERA.

He spent about half of the 1993 season in the minors and half in the big leagues. In the minors, he played for Phoenix, going 7-7 with a 3.62 ERA in 18 starts. On May 29, he made his major league debut, against the Atlanta Braves, pitching 6​2⁄3 innings, striking out three batters (all three were Ron Gant) and earning the win. He would end up pitching eight games for the Giants, going 2-3 with a 4.70 ERA.

On September 1, 1993, he was the player to be named later in a deal that originally took place on August 28. The Giants sent a player to be named later (Brummett), Aaron Fultz and minor leaguer Andres Duncan to the Twins for Jim Deshaies. Brummett would start five games for the Twins, going 2-1 with a 5.74 ERA. Overall, he went 4-4 with a 5.08 ERA in 13 big league games. He played his final game on September 30.

Although his big league career was over, his professional career was not. In fact, he played in 1994 for the Pawtucket Red Sox of the Boston Red Sox organization and the Salt Lake Buzz in the Twins organization. He went 1-1 with a 5.27 ERA in eight games for the Red Sox and 4-3 with a 5.53 ERA in 13 games with the Buzz. He did not play professionally in 1995, but in 1996 he played for the Tyler Wildcatters of the Texas–Louisiana League. He went 4-9 with a 4.37 ERA in 13 games with them.

He was inducted into the Wichita State University Hall of Fame in 1995.

José Uribe

José Altagracia González Uribe (January 21, 1959 – December 8, 2006) was a Dominican Major League Baseball shortstop from 1984 until 1993. Most of his ten-year career was spent with the San Francisco Giants. He played for the Giants in the 1989 World Series against the Oakland Athletics.

Marco Scutaro

Marcos Scutaro, better known as Marco Scutaro, (; born October 30, 1975) is a Venezuelan former professional baseball infielder. He bats and throws right-handed. Scutaro made his MLB debut with the New York Mets in 2002. Since then, he has also played for the Oakland Athletics, Toronto Blue Jays, Boston Red Sox, Colorado Rockies and San Francisco Giants. Scutaro was named the most valuable player of the 2012 National League Championship Series while with the Giants.

Scutaro was one of the primary subjects of the 2005 documentary "A Player to be Named Later."

Rick Herrscher

Richard Franklin Herrscher (born November 3, 1936 in St. Louis, Missouri) was a Major League Baseball infielder who played for the 1962 New York Mets.

Herrscher attended Cleveland High School in St. Louis and Southern Methodist University. He was signed by the Milwaukee Braves as an amateur free agent in 1958. He was traded by the Braves to the New York Mets in May 1962 as the player to be named later for an earlier trade, which sent Frank Thomas to the Mets.

Herrscher made his major league debut with the Mets on August 1, 1962. His final major league appearance was September 26, 1962.

He also played professional basketball for the Long Beach Chiefs/Hawaii Chiefs in 1961–1963.

Terry Ryan (baseball)

Terry W. Ryan (born October 26, 1953 in Janesville, Wisconsin) is an American professional baseball executive and former general manager for the Minnesota Twins of Major League Baseball. Ryan was known for using a low payroll and building up the minor league system to put up contending teams. He resigned as general manager of the Twins on October 1, 2007 but returned to his former post on November 7, 2011 until being relieved of his duties on July 18, 2016. Ryan was hired as a special assignment scout by the Philadelphia Phillies on November 30, 2016.

Trade (sports)

In North American professional sports, a trade is a sports league transaction between sports clubs that involves an exchange of players from one club/team to another. Though players are the primary trading assets, draft picks and/or cash are other assets that may be supplemented to consummate a trade, either packaged alongside players' contracts to be transferred to another team, or as standalone assets in exchange for players' contracts and/or draft picks in return. In Major League Baseball, a player to be named later can be used to finalize the terms of a trade at a later date, but draft picks are not admissible as trading assets (with one exception). In Major League Soccer, besides current MLS players and draft picks, clubs may also trade MLS rights to non-MLS players, allocation money, allocation rankings, and international player slots. Typically, trades are completed between two clubs, but there are instances where trades are consummated among three or more clubs.

Conversely, a sports transaction involving a player who becomes a free agent and joins another club/team does not qualify as a trade as the player was not contractually bound to the previous team at the time of acquisition.


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