Placia

Placia or Plakia or Placie or Plakie (Ancient Greek: Πλακίη), also known as Placa or Plaka or Place or Plake (Πλάκη),[1] was a town of ancient Mysia, on the coast of the Propontis, at the foot of the Mysian Olympus east of Cyzicus. It was a Pelasgian town; in this place and the neighbouring Scylace, the Pelasgians, according to Herodotus, had preserved their ancient language down to his time.[2] The town is mentioned in the Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax, and by Pomponius Mela[3], Dionysius of Halicarnassus[4] and Pliny the Elder.[5]

Its site is tentatively located near Kurşunlu, Asiatic Turkey.[6][7]

References

  1. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. s.v.
  2. ^ Herodotus. Histories. 1.57.
  3. ^ Pomponius Mela. De situ orbis. 1.19.
  4. ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities, § 1.29.3
  5. ^ Pliny. Naturalis Historia. 5.40.
  6. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 52, and directory notes accompanying.
  7. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Placia". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Coordinates: 40°23′52″N 28°16′39″E / 40.397648°N 28.27741°E

Ariassus

Ariassus or Ariassos (Ancient Greek: Άριασσός) was a town in Pisidia, Asia Minor built on a steep hillside about 50 kilometres inland from Attaleia (modern Antalya).

Astyoche

The name Astyoche (; Ancient Greek: Ἀστυόχη) or Astyocheia was attributed to the following individuals in Greek mythology.

Astyoche, naiad daughter of the river god Simoeis, mother of Tros by Erichthonius.

Astyoche, daughter of Laomedon by Strymo, Placia or Leucippe, sister of Priam, wife of Telephus and mother of Eurypylus (some call her daughter of Priam and wife of Eurypylus). She was bribed by Priam with a gold vine to persuade Eurypylus to go to the Trojan War, which resulted in him being killed in the battle (cf. the story of Eriphyle). Together with Aethilla and Medesicaste, she was taken captive after the sack of Troy and set fire to the Greek ships during their stay on the Italian coast.

Astyoche, daughter of Actor, mother of Ascalaphus and Ialmenus with Ares.

Astyoche, sister of Agamemnon and Menelaus. She married Strophius, and became the mother of Pylades. She is also known as Anaxibia or Cydragora.

Astyoche, daughter of Phylas, mother of Tlepolemus by Heracles. Also known as Astydameia or Astygeneia.

Astyoche, wife of Phylacus, mother of Protesilaus and Podarces. These two are otherwise known as grandsons of Phylacus through Iphiclus.

Astyoche, one of the Niobids.

Astyoche, mother of Pentheus, otherwise known as Agave.

Astyoche, daughter of Itylus and possible mother of Ajax the Lesser.

Astyoche, mother of Euryalus by Mecisteus.

Astyoche, a nymph and one of the Danaids who was called the mother of Chrysippus by Pelops.

Caloe

Caloe was a town in the Roman province of Asia. It is mentioned as Kaloe or Keloue in 3rd-century inscriptions, as Kalose in Hierocles's Synecdemos (660), and as Kalloe, Kaloe, and Kolone in Parthey's Notitiæ episcopatuum, in which it figures from the 6th to the 12fth or 13th century.

Cestrus

Cestrus was a city in the Roman province of Isauria, in Asia Minor. Its placing within Isauria is given by Hierocles, Georgius Cyprius, and Parthey's (Notitiae episcopatuum). While recognizing what the ancient sources said, Lequien supposed that the town, whose site has not been identified, took its name from the River Cestros and was thus in Pamphylia. Following Lequien's hypothesis, the 19th-century annual publication Gerarchia cattolica identified the town with "Ak-Sou", which Sophrone Pétridès called an odd mistake, since this is the name of the River Cestros, not of a city.

Cilla (mythology)

Cilla (Ancient Greek: Κίλλα) in Greek mythology is a name that may refer to:

One of the two female characters associated with Troy:

Cilla, daughter of Laomedon. Her mother was either Strymo, daughter of Scamander, or Placia, daughter of Otreus, or Leucippe.

Cilla, sister of Hecuba. She was married to Thymoetes, brother of Priam. On the same day that Hecuba bore Paris to Priam, Cilla bore Munippus to Thymoetes. On hearing of the oracle that stated that he must destroy she who had given birth and her child, Priam killed Cilla and her son.Cilla (city), a city sacred to Apollo.

Clytodora

Clytodora (Ancient Greek: Κλυτοδώρα) is a name in Greek mythology that may refer to:

Clytodora, a Trojan princess as the daughter of Laomedon, probably either by Placia, Strymo (or Rhoeo), Leucippe or Zeuxippe. Clytodora was the (half) sister of Priam, Astyoche, Lampus, Hicetaon, Clytius, Cilla, Proclia, Aethilla, Medesicaste, and Hesione. She became the queen of Dardania when she married Assaracus and became the mother of Capys. In some accounts, the wife of Assaracus was called Hieromneme, the naiad daughter of Simoes.

Clytodora, possible spouse of Minyas and mother of Clymene (Periclymene), Orchomenus, Presbon, Athamas, Diochthondas and Eteoclymene.

Cotenna

Cotenna was a city in the Roman province of Pamphylia I in Asia Minor. It corresponds to modern Gödene, near Konya, Turkey.

Cyaneae

Cyaneae (Ancient Greek: Κυανέαι; also spelt Kyaneai or Cyanae) was a town of ancient Lycia, or perhaps three towns known collectively by the name, on what is now the southern coast of Turkey. William Martin Leake says that its remains were discovered west of Andriaca. The place, which is at the head of Port Tristomo, was determined by an inscription. Leake observes that in some copies of Pliny it is written Cyane; in Hierocles and the Notitiae Episcopatuum it is Cyaneae. To Spratt and Forbes, Cyaneae appeared to be a city ranking in importance with Phellus and Candyba, but in a better state of preservation. No longer a residential bishopric, Cyanae is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.

Drizipara

Drizipara (or Druzipara, Drousipara. Drusipara) now Karıştıran (Büyükkarıştıran) in Lüleburgaz district was a city and a residential episcopal see in the Roman province of Europa in the civil diocese of Thrace. It is now a titular see of the Catholic Church.

Hisarlik

Hisarlik (Turkish: Hisarlık, "Place of Fortresses"), often spelled Hissarlik, is the modern name for an ancient city in modern day located in what is now Turkey (historically Anatolia) near to the modern city of Çanakkale. The unoccupied archaeological site lies approximately 6.5 km from the Aegean Sea and about the same distance from the Dardanelles. The archaeological site of Hisarlik is known in archaeological circles as a tell. A tell is an artificial hill, built up over centuries and millennia of occupation from its original site on a bedrock knob.

It is believed by many scholars to be the site of ancient Troy, also known as Ilion.

Laomedon

In Greek mythology, Laomedon (; Ancient Greek: Λαομέδων) was a Trojan king, son of Ilus and thus nephew of Ganymede and Assaracus.

Leucippe

In Greek mythology, Leucippe (Ancient Greek: Λευκίππη, "white horse") is the name of the following individuals:

Leucippe, an Oceanid

Leucippe, one of the Minyades

Leucippe, the wife of King Thestius of Pleuron and mother of Iphiclus and Althaea.

Leucippe, was a queen of Troy as the wife of Ilus, founder of Ilium. By him, she became the mother of Laomedon and possibly, Themiste, Telecleia and Tithonus. In some accounts, the wife of Ilus was called Eurydice, daughter of Adrastus or Batia, daughter of Teucer.

Leucippe, the wife of Laomedon. According to Apollodorus of Athens, she and Laomedon had five sons, Tithonus, Lampus, Clytius, Hicetaon, and Priam, and three daughters, Hesione, Cilla and Astyoche. Otherwise the wife of Laomedon was identified as Strymo, daughter of Scamander or Placia, daughter of Otreus or Zeuxippe.

Leucippe, a daughter of Thestor and possibly Polymele, and thus, sister of Theonoe, Calchas and Theoclymenus. She became a priestess of Apollo and went from country to country in search of her father, Thestor and sister Theonoe who was stolen by pirates.

Leucippe, mother of Egyptian king, Aegyptus by Hephaestus.

Leucippe, mother of Teuthras the Mysian king. Her son killed a sacred boar of Artemis during hunt and was driven mad by the angry goddess. Lysippe then went out in the woods, seeking to find out what had happened to her son. Eventually she learned about the goddess' wrath from the seer Polyidus; she then sacrificed to the goddess to propitiate her, and Teuthras' sanity was restored.

Leucippe, the wife of Euenor (mythology) and mother of Cleito in Plato' s legend of Atlantis.

Leucippe, the heroine of The Adventures of Leucippe and Cleitophon by Achilles Tatius

Lyrbe

Lyrbe (spelled Lyrba in the 1910 Catholic Encyclopedia; Ancient Greek: Λύρβη) was a city and episcopal see in the Roman province of Pamphylia Prima and is now a titular see.

Promissory note

A promissory note, sometimes referred to as a note payable, is a legal instrument (more particularly, a financial instrument and a debt instrument), in which one party (the maker or issuer) promises in writing to pay a determinate sum of money to the other (the payee), either at a fixed or determinable future time or on demand of the payee, under specific terms.

Scylace

Scylace or Skylake (Ancient Greek: Σκυλάκη), was a town of ancient Mysia, on the coast of the Propontis, east of Cyzicus. It was a Pelasgian town; in this place and the neighbouring Placia, the Pelasgians, according to Herodotus, had preserved their ancient language down to his time. The Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax mentions only Placia, but Pomponius Mela and Pliny the Elder speak of both as still existing.

Its site is tentatively located near Yeni Köy, Asiatic Turkey.

Stratonicea (Lydia)

Stratonicea – (Greek: Στρατoνικεια, or Στρατονίκεια) also transliterated as Stratoniceia and Stratonikeia, earlier Indi, and later for a time Hadrianapolis – was an ancient city in the valley of the Caicus river, between Germe and Acrasus, in Lydia, Anatolia; its site is currently near the village of Siledik, in the district of Kırkağaç, Manisa Province, in the Aegean Region of Turkey.

Thebe Hypoplakia

Thebe Hypoplakia (Ancient Greek: Ὑποπλακίη Θήβη, romanized: Hypoplakíē Thḗbē), also Cilician Thebe, was a city in ancient Anatolia. Alternative names include Placia, Hypoplacia and Hypoplacian Thebe(s), referring to the city's position at the foot of Mount Placus.

Tyana

Tyana (Ancient Greek: Τύανα; Hittite Tuwanuwa) was an ancient city in the Anatolian region of Cappadocia, in modern Kemerhisar, Niğde Province, Central Anatolia, Turkey. It was the capital of a Luwian-speaking Neo-Hittite kingdom in the 1st millennium BC.

Üçayaklı ruins

The Üçayaklı ruins are in Mersin Province, Turkey.

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