Plácido Polanco

Plácido Enrique Polanco (/ˈplɑːsɪdoʊ ɛnˈriːkeɪ poʊˈlɑːŋkoʊ/; born October 10, 1975) is a Dominican-American former professional baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the St. Louis Cardinals, Philadelphia Phillies, Detroit Tigers and Miami Marlins. He was a second baseman, third baseman and shortstop. He was twice voted to start in Major League Baseball All-Star Games: in 2007, and again in 2011. Plácido Polanco retired with the highest all-time career fielding percentage for second basemen at 99.27% and the highest all-time career fielding percentage for third basemen at 98.34% which still appear to be records.[1][2]

In a July 9, 2008, ceremony at Comerica Park prior to the Tigers–Indians game, Polanco received his U.S. citizenship, along with 99 other people. He wore his Tigers uniform for the ceremony.[3]

Plácido Polanco
Plácido Polanco on June 1, 2011
Polanco with the Philadelphia Phillies in 2011
Second baseman / Third baseman
Born: October 10, 1975 (age 43)
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
July 3, 1998, for the St. Louis Cardinals
Last MLB appearance
September 28, 2013, for the Miami Marlins
MLB statistics
Batting average.297
Home runs104
Runs batted in723
Career highlights and awards

Playing career

St. Louis Cardinals

Polanco was drafted on June 2, 1994, by the St. Louis Cardinals in the 19th round of the 1994 Major League Baseball Draft. In 1996, he led the Florida State League with 157 hits and 137 games played while playing with Single-A St. Petersburg.[4] Polanco was promoted to the major leagues in 1998. His first major league hit was a single off Cincinnati Reds starting pitcher Brett Tomko on July 5, 1998. Earning the starting third base job in 2001, his low strikeout/walk ratio and extra base hits numbers established Polanco as a contact hitter.[5]

Philadelphia Phillies

When David Bell arrived to play third in 2003, Polanco moved to second; when he returned to the Phils in 2010, it was back to third

On July 29, 2002, Polanco, Mike Timlin, and Bud Smith were acquired by the Phillies for Scott Rolen, Doug Nickle, and cash. Polanco was shifted to second base as David Bell was signed from free agency to play third base. He began to develop power while playing for the Phillies as he hit 14 and 17 home runs in the following two years, compared with just nine in 2002.

Detroit Tigers

The Phillies traded him to the Detroit Tigers in a June 2005 in a trade for veteran right-hander Ugueth Urbina and infielder Ramón Martínez, allowing the Phillies to play Chase Utley every day at second base. Polanco finished the 2005 season batting .338 with the Tigers, and also having a career year with regards to OPS, finishing the season at .847. In addition, he led the majors in lowest strikeout percentage (5.0%) for the season.[6]

Polanco was a key player in the 2006 American League Division Series and 2006 American League Championship Series (ALCS) for the Tigers, being named Most Valuable Player of the ALCS. However, he did not record a single hit in the 2006 World Series, in which the Tigers lost to the Cardinals in five games.

In 2007, Polanco set a new major-league record for second basemen by playing in his 144th consecutive errorless game on August 13, in a 7–2 loss to the Oakland Athletics. Curt Flood currently holds the record for consecutive errorless games with 226, but he played center field. Polanco appeared to have his streak snapped at 147 games when he was charged with an error in the first inning of the August 24 game vs. the New York Yankees.[7] However, the next day, after conferring with the umpiring crew, the official scorer determined the error was instead charged to first baseman Marcus Thames.[8] This extended the streak to 149 games. Polanco also broke the record for consecutive chances without an error by a second baseman on July 31.[9] He passed Luis Castillo's mark of 647. Polanco finished the 2007 season without making an error,[10] thereby becoming the first everyday second baseman in MLB history to play an entire season without committing an error. This in addition to contributing to 101 double plays, earned Polanco his first Gold Glove Award.[11]

Plácido Polanco
Polanco with the Tigers in 2007

In addition to his fielding feats, Polanco batted a career-high .341 in 2007, and reached a career high in hits with 200. He also had the lowest strikeout percentage in the major leagues (5.1%).[12] For his efforts, he was given the Silver Slugger Award at second base. He was voted by the fans to start in the 2007 Major League Baseball All-Star Game, his first one. At the end of the season, he was voted by the fans as the 2007 MLB "This Year in Baseball Awards" Defensive Player of the Year.

Polanco won another Gold Glove Award in 2009.[13]

Return to the Phillies

After declaring free agency, Polanco signed a three-year contract for $18 million to return to the Phillies, with a mutual option for a fourth year.[14] He was signed with the Phillies to replace Pedro Feliz at third base.

Placido Polanco 2011
Plácido Polanco fielding 3rd base during a 2011 game vs. the Pittsburgh Pirates.

In 2011, Polanco was elected by fan balloting to be the starting third baseman in the All-Star game. He was unable to play in the All-Star game due to an injury, and Scott Rolen replaced him in the starting lineup. At the conclusion of the 2011 season, Polanco received his third Gold Glove, making him only the second baseball player in history to receive the award at more than one position (the other being Darin Erstad).[15]

On May 14, 2012, Polanco reached the 2,000 hit mark with an eighth-inning home run off David Carpenter of the Houston Astros.

On October 29, the Phillies elected to decline their half of a $5.5MM mutual option, instead electing to pay Polanco a $1MM buyout.[16]

Miami Marlins

On December 20, 2012, the Miami Marlins and Polanco agreed to a one-year contract worth $2.75 million,[17] making him the second-highest paid player on the team.[18] The Marlins did not re-sign Polanco after the 2013 season and he was unable to find a contract in free agency for the 2014 season. In March 2015, he claimed to be "90 percent" retired but remained open to the possibility of returning to playing or launching a coaching career under the right circumstances.[19]


On August 14, 2016, Polanco officially retired with the Phillies.[20]

Polanco was eligible to be elected into the Hall of Fame in 2019, but received only two votes, earning less than 5% of the vote and becoming ineligible for the 2020 ballot.

Personal life

Polanco and wife Lily have a daughter, Aide Rose, and a son, Ishmael. He is a close friend of former teammate and current Angels first baseman Albert Pujols, who is godfather to Polanco's son Ishmael.

During the 2008 season, while with the Detroit Tigers, he became a naturalized American citizen, taking the oath of citizenship at Comerica Park prior to a game against the Cleveland Indians.

See also


  1. ^ "Second Base Fielding Average Records". Retrieved 2019-04-24.
  2. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Fielding % as 3B". Retrieved 2019-04-24.
  3. ^ John Lowe (July 10, 2008). "Polanco becomes U.S. citizen before Wednesday night's game". Archived from the original on May 5, 2014. Retrieved July 10, 2008.
  4. ^ Cardinals' Media Relations, ed. (2001). St. Louis Cardinals 2001 Media Guide. Hadler Printing Company. pp. A178–A179.
  5. ^ Active Leaders & Records for AB per SO
  6. ^ 2005 Season Fangraphs
  7. ^ Polanco's record errorless streak ends at 147 games ESPN
  8. ^ Polanco's 2B errorless streak lives after scorer changes call ESPN
  9. ^ "Notes: Polanco sets errorless mark". July 31, 2007.
  10. ^ "2007 Detroit Tigers Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  11. ^ Jordan Bastian (July 20, 2007). "The Official Site of Major League Baseball: News". Retrieved October 5, 2011.
  12. ^ "Baseball Leaderboard". Fan Graphs. Retrieved October 5, 2011.
  13. ^ Beck, Jason (December 3, 2009). "Tigers' Polanco nabs Gold Glove honors". Archived from the original on November 16, 2009. Retrieved December 6, 2009.
  14. ^ Zolecki, Todd (December 3, 2009). "Polanco happy to be back in Philadelphia". Retrieved December 6, 2009.
  15. ^ Ladson, Bill (November 2, 2011). "Polanco's Gold Glove puts him in elite company". MLB. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
  16. ^ Adams, Steve (October 29, 2012). "Phillies Decline Placido Polanco's Option". MLB Trade Rumors.
  17. ^ Cwik, Chris (December 20, 2012). "Marlins agree to sign Placido Polanco". Retrieved December 20, 2012.
  18. ^ Parent, John J. "Marlins Sign an Actual Major League Player". Call to the Pen. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
  19. ^ Adams, Steve (March 4, 2015). "Placido Polanco "90 Percent" Retired, Open To Coaching". MLB Trade Rumors. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  20. ^

External links

1993 Major League Baseball draft

The 1993 Major League Baseball draft began with first round selections on June 3, 1993. Alex Rodriguez was selected first overall by the Seattle Mariners. Other notable draftees included Chris Carpenter, Torii Hunter, Jason Varitek, Scott Rolen, future NFL Hall of Famer Marshall Faulk, and Heisman Trophy winner Charlie Ward.

1998 St. Louis Cardinals season

The St. Louis Cardinals 1998 season was the team's 117th season in St. Louis, Missouri and the 107th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 83-79 during the season and finished 3rd in the National League Central division, 18 games behind the Houston Astros. First baseman Mark McGwire broke Roger Maris' single-season home run record this season by hitting 70 home runs, battling with the Chicago Cubs' Sammy Sosa, who finished runner-up in the National League with 66.

2002 Philadelphia Phillies season

The 2002 Philadelphia Phillies season was the 120th season in the history of the franchise.

2005 Detroit Tigers season

The 2005 Detroit Tigers season was a season in American baseball. It involved the Detroit Tigers finishing fourth in the AL Central with a 71-91 record, 28 games in back of the World Series Champion Chicago White Sox.

2007 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 2007 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 78th midseason exhibition between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball. The game was held on July 10, 2007, at AT&T Park, the home of the NL's San Francisco Giants. It marked the third time that the Giants hosted the All Star Game since moving to San Francisco for the 1958 season. The 1961 and 1984 All Star Games were played at the Giants former home Candlestick Park, and the fourth overall in the Bay Area, with the Giants bay area rivals the Oakland Athletics hosting once back in 1987, and the second straight held in an NL ballpark.

The American League defeated the National League by a score of 5–4. Ichiro Suzuki won the MVP award for the game for hitting the first inside-the-park home run in All-Star history. As per the 2006 Collective Bargaining Agreement, the American League champion (which eventually came to be the Boston Red Sox) received home field advantage in the 2007 World Series. The victory was the 10th consecutive (excluding the 2002 tie) for the AL, and their 11-game unbeaten streak is only beaten by the NL's 11-game winning streak from 1972 to 1982 in All-Star history.

2010 National League Championship Series

The 2010 National League Championship Series (NLCS) was a best-of-seven game Major League Baseball playoff series that pitted the winners of the 2010 National League Division Series—the Philadelphia Phillies and San Francisco Giants—against each other for the National League Championship. The Giants won the series, 4–2, and went on to win the 2010 World Series. The series, the 41st in league history, began on October 16 and ended on October 23. The Phillies had home field advantage as a result of their better regular-season record. The Phillies hosted Games 1, 2 and 6, while the Giants were at home for Games 3, 4 and 5.

The Giants would go on to defeat the Texas Rangers in the World Series in five games, winning their first World Series championship since 1954, and their first since relocating to San Francisco from New York City back in 1958, ending the Curse of Coogan's Bluff.

2011 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 2011 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 82nd in-season exhibition game between the All-Stars of the National League (NL) and the American League (AL); the leagues composing Major League Baseball. The event was held on Tuesday, July 12, 2011 at Chase Field in Phoenix, Arizona, home of the National League Arizona Diamondbacks. The game ended in a 5–1 win for the National League, their second straight All-Star victory. It was the first MLB All-Star Game to be held in Arizona and the first in a National League Park to have a designated hitter.

With a combination of injuries and rule enforcements, a record 84 players were named to the All-Star rosters. This broke the record of 82 players that were on rosters for the 2010 game.

Bud Smith

Robert Allan "Bud" Smith (born October 23, 1979) is a retired American baseball pitcher. Smith was active at the major league level in 2001 and 2002, playing for the St. Louis Cardinals.

Detroit Tigers award winners and league leaders

This is a list of award winners and league leaders for the Detroit Tigers professional baseball team.

Doug Nickle

Douglas Alan "Doug" Nickle (born October 2, 1974) is a former Major League Baseball relief pitcher. He was born in Sonoma, California. He played for the Philadelphia Phillies (2000–2002) and the San Diego Padres (2002) of the National League during his Major League Baseball career. Nickle attended the University of California where he played college baseball. He batted and threw right-handed during his career.

José Oquendo

José Manuel Roberto Guillermo Oquendo Contreras (born July 4, 1963), nicknamed The Secret Weapon, is a Puerto Rican former infielder and current coach in Major League Baseball (MLB). He currently serves as special assistant to the general manager of the St. Louis Cardinals, an organization with whom he has been affiliated since 1985. He managed the Puerto Rico national team in the 2006 and 2009 World Baseball Classics. During his playing career, Oquendo proved highly versatile defensively: he played primarily second base and shortstop, but also frequently in the outfield, and made at least one appearance at every position during his MLB playing career. José Oquendo retired with the highest all-time career fielding percentage for second basemen at 99.19% which appears to be second overall today behind Plácido Polanco (99.27%).From Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico, the New York Mets signed Oquendo as an amateur free agent in 1979 at age 15. He made his MLB debut with the Mets in 1983 and was traded to the Cardinals in 1985. In 1988, he made his catching debut, giving him an appearance at every position. From 1989–1991, he was the Cardinals' regular second baseman alongside shortstop Ozzie Smith. Oquendo's best season offensively came in 1989, when he batted .291, 28 doubles, .747 on-base plus slugging percentage (OPS) and a major-league leading 163 games played. In 1990, he produced his best season defensively, recording the fewest errors (three) for a second baseman in a season with at least 150 games played.

Following his playing career, Oquendo coached and managed in the Cardinals' Minor League Baseball system in 1997 and 1998, and became their bench coach at the major league level the following year. In 2000, he became the Cardinals' third base coach, remaining in that role until 2015, while helping lead the club to 11 playoff appearances, including World Series championships in 2006 and 2011 and four National League pennants. He missed the 2016 season after sustaining a knee injury that required surgery and rehabilitation; at the time, he was the longest-tenured coach in MLB. In 2017, he began serving as a special assistant to Cardinals general manager Mike Girsch, instructing at the Cardinals training facility in Jupiter, Florida. For the 2018 season, he returned to the Cardinals major league team to serve as third base coach once again.

List of Gold Glove Award winners at second base

The Rawlings Gold Glove Award, usually referred to as the Gold Glove, is the award given annually to the Major League Baseball players judged to have exhibited superior individual fielding performances at each fielding position in both the National League (NL) and the American League (AL), as voted by the managers and coaches in each league. Managers are not permitted to vote for their own players. Eighteen Gold Gloves are awarded each year (with the exception of 1957, 1985 and 2007), one at each of the nine positions in each league. In 1957, the baseball glove manufacturer Rawlings created the Gold Glove Award to commemorate the best fielding performance at each position. The award was created from a glove made from gold lamé-tanned leather and affixed to a walnut base. Initially, only one Gold Glove per position was awarded to the top fielder at each position in the entire league; however, separate awards were given for the National and American Leagues beginning in 1958.Roberto Alomar leads second basemen in wins; he won 10 Gold Gloves in 11 years with three different American League teams. Ryne Sandberg has the second-highest total overall; his nine awards, all won with the Chicago Cubs, are the most by a National League player. Bill Mazeroski and Frank White are tied for the third-highest total, with eight wins. Mazeroski's were won with the Pittsburgh Pirates, and White won his with the Kansas City Royals. Joe Morgan and Bobby Richardson each won five Gold Glove Awards, and four-time winners include Craig Biggio (who won after converting to second base from catcher), Bret Boone, Bobby Grich, and Dustin Pedroia. Hall of Famers who won Gold Gloves at second base include Alomar, Sandberg, Mazeroski, Morgan, and Nellie Fox.Only one winning second baseman has had an errorless season; Plácido Polanco set a record among winners by becoming the first to post a season with no errors and, therefore, a 1.000 fielding percentage. The best mark in the National League was set by Sandberg in 1991, his final winning season. He committed four errors and amassed a .995 fielding percentage. Grich has made the most putouts in a season, with 484 in 1974. Fox made 453 putouts and the same number of assists in the award's inaugural season; this is more putouts than any National League player has achieved. Morgan set the National League mark, with 417 in 1973. Sandberg's 571 assists in 1983 are the most among winners in the major leagues; the American League leader is Grich, who made 509 in 1973. Mazeroski turned the most double plays by a winner, collecting 161 in 1966. The American League leader is Fox (141 double plays in 1957).

List of Miami Dade College alumni

This list of Miami Dade College alumni includes graduates, non-graduate former students and current students of Miami Dade College.

Philadelphia Phillies all-time roster (P–Q)

The Philadelphia Phillies are a Major League Baseball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They are a member of the Eastern Division of Major League Baseball's National League. The team has played officially under two names since beginning play in 1883: the current moniker, as well as the "Quakers", which was used in conjunction with "Phillies" during the team's early history. The team was also known unofficially as the "Blue Jays" during the World War II era. Since the franchise's inception, 2,006 players have made an appearance in a competitive game for the team, whether as an offensive player (batting and baserunning) or a defensive player (fielding, pitching, or both).

Of those 2,006 Phillies, 88 have had surnames beginning with the letter P, and 5 beginning with the letter Q. One member of this list has been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame; Tony Pérez played for the Phillies during the 1983 season after 18 seasons with 3 other teams. No members of this list have been elected to the Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame, nor do they hold any franchise records.Among the 45 batters in this list, three players share a perfect 1.000 batting average, each in one career at-bat with Philadelphia: first baseman Mike Pasquella, catcher Bill Peterman, and right fielder Ty Pickup. Other players with an average above .300 include Hunter Pence (.324 through 2011), Alex Pitko (.316 in one season), Walter Plock (.400 in one season), and Les Powers (.346 in one season). Plácido Polanco leads all members of this list with 49 home runs, and Dode Paskert's 291 runs batted in (RBI) are best. Of the batters whose surnames begin with Q, Tom Quinlan leads in average (.200), home runs (1), and RBI (3).Of this list's 43 pitchers, two share 1–0 win–loss records, best in terms of winning percentage; Donn Pall and Clarence Pickrel each won their only decisions as members of the Phillies. Wiley Piatt leads all members of this list with 56 victories, and Ike Pearson's 47 defeats are the most in that statistical category. Robert Person leads this list's pitchers with 535 strikeouts, and infielder Tomás Pérez shares the best earned run average (ERA) with two pitchers—Horacio Piña and Al Porto; all have a 0.00 ERA in their Phillies careers. Among the pitchers whose surnames start with Q, Paul Quantrill leads in winning percentage (.481; a 13–14 record), ERA (4.86), and strikeouts (116).

Polanco (surname)

Polanco is a Spanish surname originating from the municipality of Polanco, Cantabria in Spain. Notable people with the surname include:

Jesús Polanco (1929–2007), Spanish businessman and founder of El Pais and Grupo PRISA. Ranked in Forbes' richest list 2006

Juan Hidalgo de Polanco (1614-1685), Spanish composer, father of the Spanish Opera and of the Zarzuela

Juan Alfonso de Polanco (1517-1576)- Spanish Jesuit Priest and secretary to Ignatius of Loyola

Polanco family, noble family from Santillana del Mar, Cantabria

Andrés López Polanco, painter active in 17th century in Valencia, Spain

Alfonso Polanco, mayor of Palencia,Spain

Nicolás Manrique de Lara y Polanco, noble of the Marquesado de Lara

Eduardo Saenz de Buruaga y Polanco, Spanish military general

Tomas Polanco Alcantara, Venezuelan writer and historian

Antonio Botín Polanco, Spanish writer from Santander, Cantabria

Luis Polanco, Spanish governor of Toleto

Francisco Polanco, Spanish baroque painter of 17th century

Jose Maria Alfaro Polanco, Spanish writer and politician

Campuzano-Polanco, elite family from the colony of Santo Domingo

Gaspar Polanco Borbón, Dominican military and provisional president

Dalilah Polanco, Mexican actress

Amelia Vega Polanco, Miss Universe 2003

Victoriano Polanco, Spanish painter from Santander

Santiago Polanco-Abreu (1920–1988), Puerto Rican politician

Richard G. Polanco, American Politician, former California State Senate Majority Leader

Mario Polanco, Guatemalan human rights activist

Plácido Polanco (born 1975), Dominican-American Major League Baseball infielder

Gregory Polanco (born 1991), Dominican Major League Baseball outfielder

Rawlings Gold Glove Award

The Rawlings Gold Glove Award, usually referred to as simply the Gold Glove, is the award given annually to the Major League Baseball players judged to have exhibited superior individual fielding performances at each fielding position in both the National League (NL) and the American League (AL), as voted by the managers and coaches in each league. It is also awarded to women fastpitch softball players in the National Pro Fastpitch as of 2016. Managers are not permitted to vote for their own players. Additionally, a sabermetric component provided by Society for American Baseball Research (SABR) accounts for approximately 25 percent of the vote. Eighteen Gold Gloves are awarded each year (with the exception of 1957, 1985, 2007, and 2018), one at each of the nine positions in each league. In 1957, the baseball glove manufacturer Rawlings created the Gold Glove Award to commemorate the best fielding performance at each position. The award was created from a glove made from gold lamé-tanned leather and affixed to a walnut base. Initially, only one Gold Glove per position was awarded to the top fielder at each position in Major League Baseball; however, separate awards were given for the National and American Leagues beginning in 1958.

Second baseman

In baseball and softball, second baseman is a fielding position in the infield, between second and first base. The second baseman often possesses quick hands and feet, needs the ability to get rid of the ball quickly, and must be able to make the pivot on a double play. In addition, second basemen are usually right-handed; only four left-handed throwing players have ever played second base in Major League Baseball since 1950. In the numbering system used to record defensive plays, the second baseman is assigned the number 4.

Good second basemen need to have very good range since they have to field balls closer to the first baseman who is often holding runners on, or moving towards the base to cover. On a batted ball to right field, the second baseman goes out towards the ball for the relay. Due to these requirements, second base is sometimes a primarily defensive position in the modern game, but there are hitting stars as well.


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