Pisces is a constellation of the zodiac. Its name is the Latin plural for fish. It lies between Aquarius to the west and Aries to the east. The ecliptic and the celestial equator intersect within this constellation and in Virgo. Its symbol is (Unicode ♓).
|Pronunciation||/ˈpaɪsiːz/, genitives /ˈpɪʃiəm/|
|Area||889 sq. deg. (14th)|
|Stars with planets||13|
|Stars brighter than 3.00m||0|
|Stars within 10.00 pc (32.62 ly)||8|
|Brightest star||η Psc (Alpherg) (3.62m)|
|Visible at latitudes between +90° and −65°.|
Best visible at 21:00 (9 p.m.) during the month of November.
M74 is a loosely wound (type Sc) spiral galaxy in Pisces, found at a distance of 30 million light years (redshift 0.0022). It has many clusters of young stars and the associated nebulae, showing extensive regions of star formation. It was discovered by Pierre Méchain, a French astronomer, in 1780. A type II-P supernova was discovered in the outer regions of M74 by Robert Evans in June 2003; the star that underwent the supernova was later identified as a red supergiant with a mass of 8 solar masses.
NGC 488 is an isolated face-on prototypical spiral galaxy.
NGC 520 is a pair of colliding galaxies located 90 million lightyears away.
CL 0024+1654 is a massive galaxy cluster that lenses the galaxy behind it, creating arc-shaped images of the background galaxy. The cluster is primarily made up of yellow elliptical and spiral galaxies, at a distance of 3.6 billion light-years from Earth (redshift 0.4), half as far away as the background galaxy, which is at a distance of 5.7 billion light-years (redshift 1.67).
3C 31 is an active galaxy and radio source in Perseus located at a distance of 237 million light-years from Earth (redshift 0.0173). Its jets, caused by the supermassive black hole at its center, extend several million light-years in both directions, making them some of the largest objects in the universe.
Pisces originates from some composition of the Babylonian constellations Šinunutu4 "the great swallow" in current western Pisces, and Anunitum the "Lady of the Heaven", at the place of the northern fish. In the first-millennium BC texts known as the Astronomical Diaries, part of the constellation was also called DU.NU.NU (Rikis-nu.mi, "the fish cord or ribbon").
Pisces is associated with Aphrodite and Eros, who escaped from the monster Typhon by leaping into the sea and transforming themselves into fish. In order not to lose each other, they tied themselves together with rope. The Romans adopted the Greek legend, with Venus and Cupid acting as the counterparts for Aphrodite and Eros. The knot of the rope is marked by Alpha Piscium (α Psc), also called Al-Rischa ("the cord" in Arabic).
Be aware that Piscis Austrinus more often refers to a separate constellation in its own right. Both (smaller) fish depicted in Pisces are said to be the offspring of the one greater fish in the constellation Piscis Austrinus.
In 1754, the astronomer John Hill proposed to treat part of Pisces as a separate constellation, called Testudo (the Turtle) 24 – 27 – YY(30) – 33 – 29 Psc., centred a natural but faint asterism in which the star 20 Psc is intended to be the head of the turtle. However the proposal was largely neglected by other astronomers with the exception of Admiral Smyth, who mentioned it in his book The Bedford Catalogue, and it is now obsolete.
The Fishes are also associated with the German legend of Antenteh, who owned just a tub and a crude cabin when he met a magical fish. They offered him a wish, which he refused. However, his wife begged him to return to the fish and ask for a beautiful furnished home. This wish was granted, but her desires were not satisfied. She then asked to be a queen and have a palace, but when she asked to become a goddess, the fish became angry and took the palace and home, leaving the couple with the tub and cabin once again. The tub in the story is sometimes recognized as the Great Square of Pegasus.
The stars of Pisces were incorporated into several constellations in Chinese astronomy. Wai-ping ("Outer Enclosure") was a fence that kept a pig farmer from falling into the marshes and kept the pigs where they belonged. It was represented by Alpha, Delta, Epsilon, Zeta, Mu, Nu, and Xi Piscium. The marshes were represented by the four stars designated Phi Ceti. The northern fish of Pisces was a part of the House of the Sandal, Koui-siou.
Pisces is a dim constellation located next to Aquarius, and Aries. While the astrological sign Pisces per definition runs from ecliptical longitude 330° to 0, this position is now mostly covered by the constellation of Aquarius, due to the precession from when the constellation and the sign coincided.
NGC 138 is a spiral galaxy in the constellation Pisces. It was discovered on August 29, 1864 by Albert Marth.NGC 139
NGC 139 is a barred spiral galaxy in the constellation Pisces. It was discovered on August 29, 1864 by the German astronomer Albert Marth.NGC 193
NGC 193 is a lenticular galaxy located in the constellation Pisces. It was discovered on December 21, 1786 by William Herschel.NGC 194
NGC 194 is an elliptical galaxy located in the constellation Pisces. It was discovered on December 25, 1790 by William Herschel.NGC 213
NGC 213 is a spiral galaxy located in the constellation Pisces. It was discovered on October 14, 1784 by William Herschel.NGC 234
NGC 234 is a spiral galaxy located in the constellation Pisces. It was discovered on October 14, 1784 by William Herschel.NGC 236
NGC 236 is a spiral galaxy located in the constellation Pisces. It was discovered on August 3, 1864 by Albert Marth.NGC 240
NGC 240 is a lenticular or spiral galaxy located in the constellation Pisces. It was discovered on October 22, 1886 by Lewis Swift.NGC 257
NGC 257 is a spiral galaxy in the Pisces constellation. It was discovered on December 29, 1790, by Frederick William Herschel.NGC 282
NGC 282 is an elliptical galaxy in the constellation Pisces. It was discovered on October 13, 1879 by Édouard Stephan.NGC 313
NGC 313 is a triple star located in the constellation Pisces. It was discovered on November 29, 1850 by Bindon Stoney.NGC 372
NGC 372 is a triple star located in the constellation Pisces. It was discovered on December 12, 1876 by Dreyer, who described it as "stellar, much brighter middle, mottled but not resolved."NGC 373
NGC 373 is an elliptical galaxy located in the constellation Pisces. It was discovered on December 12, 1876 by Dreyer. It was described by Dreyer as "very faint, very small."NGC 452
NGC 452 is a spiral galaxy located in the constellation Pisces. It was discovered in 1827 by Sir John Herschel. It is about 5 arcminutes west of NGC 444.NGC 453
NGC 453 is a triple star located in the constellation Pisces. It was discovered in 1881 by Édouard Stephan.NGC 60
NGC 60 is an Sc type spiral galaxy in the Pisces constellation.
NGC 60 is noticed for its unusually distorted spiral arms, which are commonly due to gravitational effects of neighboring galaxies, but there are no galaxies around NGC 60 to allow this.NGC 63
NGC 63 is a spiral galaxy in the constellation Pisces. It is located at RA 00h 17m 45.5s, dec −11° 27′ 01″, and has an apparent magnitude of 12.63.NGC 75
NGC 75 is a lenticular galaxy estimated to be about 260 million light-years away in the constellation of Pisces. It was discovered by Lewis A. Swift from the USA in 1886 and its magnitude is 13.2.NGC 99
NGC 99 is a spiral galaxy in the constellation Pisces. It was discovered on 8 October 1883 by the French astronomer Édouard Stephan.
Stars of Pisces