Pirot District

The Pirot District (Serbian: Пиротски Oкруг / Pirotski Okrug, pronounced [pǐroːtskiː ôkruːɡ]) is one of nine administrative districts of Southern and Eastern Serbia. It expands to the south-eastern parts of Serbia. According to the 2011 census results, it has a population of 92,277 inhabitants. The administrative center is the city of Pirot.

Pirotski Okrug
Пиротски Oкруг
Location of the Pirot District within Serbia
Location of the Pirot District within Serbia
Country Serbia
RegionSouthern and Eastern Serbia
Administrative centerPirot
Government
 • CommissionerDragana Tončić
Area
 • Total2,761 km2 (1,066 sq mi)
Population
(2011 census)
 • Total92,479
 • Density33.4/km2 (87/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeRS-22
Municipalities4
Settlements214
- Cities and towns4
- Villages210

Municipalities

It encompasses the city of Pirot and the following municipalities:

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1948160,285—    
1953157,360−1.8%
1961145,785−7.4%
1971136,008−6.7%
1981127,427−6.3%
1991116,926−8.2%
2002105,564−9.7%
201192,479−12.4%
Source: [1]

According to the 2011 census results, Pirot District has a population of 92,479 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups

2011
  • Serbs = 77,379 (83,67%)
  • Bulgarians = 6,602 (7,14%)
  • Roma = 4,306 (4,66%)
  • others

History and culture

The first mention of Pirot are found already in the second century A.D. In its vicinity is the church from the thirteenth century: the Church of St. Petka, and the monastery of St. John the Theologist from the late fourteenth century displays a fine example of the Serb medieval architecture.

Features

Medicinal water from the Zvonci Spa (Zvonačka Banja), a health resort, was used already in the ancient times, and natural beauties of this region are renounced throughout Serbia. The oldest craft, today an industry, is Rug-making: the weaving trade, by which this region has gained its world-wide fame.

Economy

The most of the facilities of the Pirot economic organizations are located in the industrial zone: the "Tigar" rubber industry, the "Prvi maj" textile industry, and the "Suko" paints and varnishes industry.

See also

References

  1. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
  • Note: All official material made by Government of Serbia is public by law. Information was taken from official website.

External links

Coordinates: 43°10′N 22°36′E / 43.167°N 22.600°E

A4 motorway (Serbia)

The A4 motorway (Serbian: Аутопут А4 / Autoput A4) is a partially constructed motorway in Serbia and when finished it will span for 107 kilometers (66 mi). Currently 82.6 kilometers of this motorway are opened for traffic, 9.2 kilometers are completed but not opened, while remaining 15.1 kilometers are under construction. It begins at Trupale interchange near Niš, at the junction with A1 motorway and runs eastward, to the Gradina border crossing with Bulgaria, near Dimitrovgrad. The motorway is part of the Pan-European corridor X.

Aiadava

Aiadava (Aiadaba or Aeadaba, Greek: Αἰάδαβα) was a Dacian town in the Remesiana region, present day Bela Palanka, Serbia.

After the Romans conquered Moesia in the 75 BC, the new castrum (imperial domain with estates) and municipium was known initially as Ulpianorum and then Remesiana (Moesi) and laid on the Via Militaris road, between Naissus and Serdica.

Emperor Justinian (r. 527–565) had following strongholds in the district of Remesiana:

The patron saint of Romania, Nicetas of Remesiana, was a 4th-century bishop at Remesiana, of possible Dacian descent.Excavations include well-preserved castrum dating to 4th century, a hoard of 260 coins minted during the rule of Constantine I, Theodosius I, Tiberius Claudius Nero (3rd century AD).

Babušnica

Babušnica (Serbian Cyrillic: Бабушница) is a town and municipality located in the Pirot District of south|eastern Serbia. According to 2011 census, the population of the town is 4,601, while population of the municipality is 12,307.

Bela Palanka

Bela Palanka (Serbian Cyrillic: Бела Паланка, pronounced [bɛ̂ːlaː pǎlaːŋka]) is a town and municipality located in the Pirot District of southeastern Serbia. According to the 2011 census, the population of the town is 8,143, and the population of the municipality is 12,126. In ancient times, the town was known as Remesiana. The name Bela Palanka means 'white town'.

Brlog

Brlog is a village in the municipality of Pirot, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 83 people.

Dimitrovgrad, Serbia

Dimitrovgrad (Serbian Cyrillic: Димитровград, Bulgarian: Цариброд, Tsaribrod) is a town and municipality located in the Pirot District of southeastern Serbia. According to 2011 census, the municipality of Dimitrovgrad has a population of 10,118 people and the town 6,278.

Donja Nevlja

Donja Nevlja is a village in the municipality of Dimitrovgrad, Serbia and in municipality of Dragoman, Bulgaria. According to the 2002 Serbian census, the village has a population of 31 people. According to the 2014 data of the Bulgarian Citizen Registry, the village has a population of 2

Gradinje, Serbia

Gradinje (Bulgarian: Градина) is a village in the municipality of Dimitrovgrad, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 178 people, most of whom were Bulgarians. The village is close to the major border checkpoint with Bulgaria, Gradinje-Kalotina.

Lužnica (region)

Lužnica (Serbian Cyrillic: Лужница) is a region in southeastern Serbia, comprising the Lužnica river basin. It includes parts of the Babušnica municipality and two villages in Bela Palanka (Pirot District).

Niš rebellion (1841)

The Niš rebellion (Serbian: Нишка буна; Bulgarian: Нишко въстание) was a short-lived Christian uprising (5–26 April 1841) that broke out in the Ottoman nahiya (sub-districts) of Niš, Pirot, Vranje and Toplica, led by Miloje Jovanović and Nikola Srndaković-Srndak. The revolt emerged in an ethnic border area with mixed Serbian and Bulgarian ethnic sentiments. It was part of that period's agrarian riots; it was mainly prompted by the appeals relating to the repeal of the spahee and the Ottoman government's readiness to attribute the ownership of the land to new Muslim holders. It was a rapid, large and forceful rebellion, relatively unexpected to the Ottomans, with great combat successes. During the rebellion, the Ottomans burnt down 120 villages in Niš and 104 in Leskovac. 10–11,000 people fled to the Principality of Serbia; the Ottoman government appealed for their return.

Pirot

Pirot (Serbian Cyrillic: Пирот) is a city and the administrative center of the Pirot District in southeastern Serbia. According to 2011 census, the urban area of the city has a population of 38,785, while the population of the city administrative area has 57,928 inhabitants.

The city has a rich geographical features, including the mountains of Stara Planina, Vlaška Planina, Belava, Suva Planina; rivers which flow through the town, including Nišava, Jerma, Rasnička Reka, Temštica and the Visočica; and four lakes, the Zavoj Lake, Berovacko Lake, Krupac Lake and Sukovo Lake.

It also has a rich culture, with notable Orthodox church buildings, including the Church of St. Petka, and the monastery of St. Georges and St. John the Theologian from the late 14th century, both of which display an example of medieval architecture. Pirot is known for its traditional woven carpet, the Pirot carpet (Pirotski ćilim).

Poganovo

Poganovo (Serbian Cyrillic: Поганово) is a village/town near Jerma river in the Serbian municipality of Dimitrovgrad, near the border with Bulgaria. The 14th century Serbian Orthodox Poganovo monastery is located at the gorge of Jerma.

Resnik, Babušnica

Resnik is a village in the municipality of Babušnica, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 158 people.

Rsovci

Rsovci is a village 22 km from Pirot, Serbia.

The 14th century Pećinska church (Pećinska crkva) is a Serbian Orthodox cave-church dedicated to St.Peter and Paul in the gorges of Kamik with a unique fresco of Jesus called the Bald Jesus (ćelavi Isus).

Senokos, Dimitrovgrad

Senokos is a village in the municipality of Dimitrovgrad, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 44 people.

Staničenje

Staničenje is a village in the municipality of Pirot, Serbia. At the 2002 census, the village had a population of 609 people. Two notable features in the village are St. Petha's church, and the Begov bridge.

Visok

Visok (Cyrillic: Висок) is a region in eastern Serbia and westernmost Bulgaria that lies between the main ranges of the Balkan Mountains and Vidlič Mountain. It is located 35 km (22 mi) from Pirot, and about 350 km (220 mi) from Belgrade.

Vranište (Pirot)

Vranište is a village in the municipality of Pirot, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 165 people.

Zvonce

Zvonce is a village in the municipality of Babušnica, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 254 people. The village is also known as Zvonačka Banja or Zvonce Spa. It is located 25 km east from Pirot.

Places adjacent to Pirot District
Vojvodina
Belgrade
Šumadija and Western Serbia
Southern and Eastern Serbia
Kosovo and Metohija1

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