Pirate Party is a label adopted by political parties in different countries. Pirate parties support civil rights, direct democracy (e-democracy) and participation in government, reform of copyright and patent law, free sharing of knowledge (open content), information privacy, transparency, freedom of information, free speech, anti-corruption and net neutrality.
The first Pirate Party to be established was the Pirate Party of Sweden (Swedish: Piratpartiet), whose website was launched on 1 January 2006 by Rick Falkvinge. Falkvinge was inspired to found the party after he found that Swedish politicians were generally unresponsive to Sweden's debate over changes to copyright law in 2005.
The United States Pirate Party was founded on 6 June 2006 by University of Georgia graduate student Brent Allison. The party's concerns were abolishing the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, reducing the length of copyrights from 95 years after publication or 70 years after the author's death to 14 years, and the expiry of patents that do not result in significant progress after four years, as opposed to 20 years. However, Allison stepped down as leader three days after founding the party.
The Pirate Party of Finland was founded in 2008 and entered the official registry of Finnish political parties in 2009.
The 2009 European Parliament election took place between the 4 and 7 June 2009, and various Pirate Parties stood candidates. The most success was had in Sweden, where the Pirate Party of Sweden won 7.1% of the vote, and had Christian Engström elected as the first ever Pirate Party Member of European Parliament (MEP). Following the introduction of the Treaty of Lisbon, the Pirate Party of Sweden were afforded another MEP in 2011, that being Amelia Andersdotter.
In the 2011 Berlin state election to the Abgeordnetenhaus of Berlin, the Pirate Party of Berlin (a state chapter of Pirate Party Germany) won 8.9% of the vote, which corresponded to winning 15 seats. John Naughton, writing for The Guardian, argued that the Pirate Party of Berlin's success could not be replicated by the Pirate Party UK, as the UK does not use a proportional representation electoral system.
In the 2013 Icelandic parliamentary election, the Icelandic Pirate Party won 5.1% of the vote, returning three Pirate Party Members of Parliament. Those were Birgitta Jónsdóttir for the Southwest Constituency, Helgi Hrafn Gunnarsson for Reykjavik Constituency North and Jón Þór Ólafsson for Reykjavik Constituency South. Birgitta had previously been an MP for the Citizens' Movement (from 2009 to 2013), representing Reykjavik Constituency South. As of 2015, it was the largest political party in Iceland, with 23.9% of the vote.
The 2014 European Parliament election took place between the 22 and 24 May. Julia Reda was at the top of the list for Pirate Party Germany, and was subsequently elected as the party received 1.45% of the vote. Other notable results include the Czech Pirate Party, who received 4.78% of the vote, meaning they were 0.22% off getting elected, the Pirate Party of Luxembourg, who received 4.23% of the vote, and the Pirate Party of Sweden, who received 2.19% of the vote, but lost both their MEPs.
Reda had previously worked as an assistant in the office of former Pirate Party MEP Amelia Andersdotter. On 11 June 2014, Reda was elected Vice-President of the Greens/EFA group in the European Parliament. Reda was given the job of copyright reform rapporteur.
The Icelandic Pirate Party was leading the national polls in March 2015, with 23.9%. The Independence Party polled 23.4%, only 0.5% behind the Pirate Party. According to the poll, the Pirate Party would win 16 seats in the Althing.
In April 2016, in the wake of the Panama Papers scandal, polls showed the Icelandic Pirate Party at 43% and the Independence Party at 21.6%, although the Pirate Party eventually won 15% of the vote in the 29 October 2016 parliamentary election.
In April 2017, a group of students at University of California, Berkeley formed a Pirate Party to participate in the Associated Students of the University of California senate elections, winning the only third-party seat.
Czech Pirate Party, after finishing at the second place at the Prague municipal election, 2018, held on 5 and 6 October 2018, with 17.1%, formed a coallition with Prague Toghether and United Forces for Prague (TOP 09, Mayors and Independents, KDU-ČSL, Liberal-Environmental Party and SNK European Democrats). The representant of the Czech Pirate Party, Zdeněk Hřib, was selected as a Mayor of Prague. It is probably for the first time, when any pirate party has a mayor in one of the major cities of the world.
While parties vary insofar as specific policies go, common themes of the Pirate movement include:
Some campaigns have included demands for the reform of copyright and patent laws. In 2010, Swedish MEP Christian Engström called for supporters of amendments to the Data Retention Directive to withdraw their signatures, citing a misleading campaign.
Pirate Parties International (PPI) is the umbrella organization of the national Pirate Parties. Since 2006, the organization has existed as a loose union of the national parties. Since October 2009, Pirate Parties International has had the status of a non-governmental organization (Feitelijke vereniging) based in Belgium. The organization was officially founded at a conference from 16 to 18 April 2010 in Brussels, when the organization's statutes were adopted by the 22 national pirate parties represented at the event.
Pirates Without Borders is an international association of pirates. Unlike Pirate Parties International (which accepts only parties as voting members and organizations as observing members), Pirates Without Borders accept individuals as members. The PWB see themselves as a basis for international projects. Through global cooperation, they strive to reveal the impact of multinational trade agreements on all people on Earth, and foster freedom and democracy. PWB originates from an independent committee for the coordination of Pirate parties in German-speaking countries, known as DACHLuke (DACHL = Germany-Austria-Switzerland-Luxembourg).
Since the Pirate Parties International Conference 2011 on 12 and 13 March 2011, PWB is an "observing member" of Pirate Parties International. The previously independent project "pirate streaming" has become a part of Pirates without Borders since 3 May 2011.
In Parti Pirate Francophone, the French-speaking Pirate Parties are organized. Current members are the pirates parties in Belgium, Côte d'Ivoire, France, Canada, and Switzerland.
|Sweden||7 June 2009||7.13||2|
|Germany||7 June 2009||0.9||0|
|Croatia*||14 April 2013||1.13||0|
*Held in 2013 due to Croatia's entry into EU
|United Kingdom1||22 May 2014||0.49||0|
|Netherlands||22 May 2014||0.85||0|
|Austria2||25 May 2014||2.1||0|
|Croatia||25 May 2014||0.39||0|
|Czech Republic||25 May 2014||4.78||0|
|Finland||25 May 2014||0.7||0|
|France||25 May 2014||0.32||0|
|Germany||25 May 2014||1.45||1|
|Greece3||25 May 2014||0.90||0|
|Estonia4||25 May 2014||1.8||0|
|Luxembourg||25 May 2014||4.23||0|
|Poland||25 May 2014||0.02||0|
|Slovenia||25 May 2014||2.58||0|
|Spain||25 May 2014||0.24||0|
|Sweden||25 May 2014||2.23||0|
1Party only participated in North West England constituency
2PPAT is in alliance with two other parties: The Austrian Communist Party and Der Wandel. The alliance is called "Europa Anders" and also includes some independents in their lists
3with Ecological Greens
4PPEE are campaigning for an independent candidate (Silver Meikar) who supports the pirate program
|Sweden||17 September 2006||0.63||0|
|Germany||27 September 2009||1.95||0|
|Sweden||19 September 2010||0.65||0|
|United Kingdom||6 May 2010||0.35||0|
|Netherlands||9 June 2010||0.11||0|
|Finland||17 April 2011||0.51||0|
|Canada||2 May 2011||0.02||0|
|Switzerland||23 October 2011||0.48||0|
|Spain||20 November 2011||0.14||0|
|Greece||6 May 2012||0.51||0|
|Greece||17 June 2012||0.23||0|
|Netherlands||15 March 2017||0.34||0|
|Israel||22 January 2013||0.05||0|
|Iceland||27 April 2013||5.10||3/63|
|Iceland||29 October 2016||14.48||10/63|
|Australia||7 September 2013||0.31||0|
|Australia||2 July 2016||0.00009||0|
|Norway||8–9 September 2013||0.34||0|
|Germany||22 September 2013||2.19||0|
|Austria||29 September 2013||0.77||0|
|Luxembourg||20 October 2013||2.94||0|
|Slovenia||13 July 2014||1.34||0|
|Sweden||14 September 2014||0.43||0|
|Israel||17 March 2015||0.02||0|
|Finland||19 April 2015||0.85||0|
|United Kingdom||6 May 2015||0.43||0|
|Germany||24 September 2017||0.4||0|
|Czech Republic||20–21 October 2017||10.78||22/200|
|Iceland||28 October 2017||9.20||6/63|
|Slovenia||3 June 2018||2.15||0/90|
|Sweden||9 September 2018||0.11||0/349|
|Luxembourg||14 October 2018||6.45||2/60|
Outside Sweden, pirate parties have been started in over 40 countries, inspired by the Swedish initiative.
Media related to Pirate parties at Wikimedia Commons
The Czech Pirate Party (Czech: Česká pirátská strana) or Pirates (Czech: Piráti) is a political party in the Czech Republic, founded in 2009. It is the third largest party in the Chamber of Deputies following the 2017 legislative election, with 22 out of 200 seats, entering the Chamber of Deputies for the first time since its formation. The parliamentary party sits in opposition to the ruling cabinet, and party leader Ivan Bartoš serves as the chairman of the Committee on Public Administration and Regional Development. The party is represented by three Members of the Senate of the Czech Republic, the most recently elected being Lukáš Wagenknecht in 2018. In same year, the party formed a governing coalition in the Prague City Assembly, and Zdeněk Hřib became the current Mayor of Prague.
The party's program focuses on government transparency and political accountability, anti-corruption, e-government, public participation in democratic decision making, supporting small business, funding of local development, tax avoidance prevention and safeguarding of civil liberties. The party aims to reform laws on copyright, financial markets and banking, taxation, lobbying, environment, and while it is a pro-European party, it aims to address the perceived democratic deficit in the European Union. The party's positions range from centre to centre-left and are "liberal" (in contrast to "conservative") within the context of politics of the Czech Republic.Pirate Parties International
Pirate Parties International (PPI) is a not-for-profit international non-governmental organisation with its headquarters in Brussels, Belgium. Formed in 2010, it serves as a worldwide organisation for Pirate Parties, currently representing members from 42 countries. The Pirate Parties are political incarnations of the freedom of expression movement, trying to achieve their goals by the means of the established political system rather than through activism. In 2017 PPI had been granted special consultative status to the United Nations Economic and Social Council.Pirate Party (Belgium)
The Pirate Party of Belgium (Dutch: Piratenpartij, French: Parti Pirate) is a political party in Belgium. Based on the model of the Swedish Pirate Party, it supports reform of copyright law, the abolition of patents, and respect for privacy. It was a founding member of Pirate Parties International.Pirate Party (Finland)
The Pirate Party (Finnish: Piraattipuolue, Swedish: Piratpartiet) is a registered political party in Finland. The group currently has around 4,065 members. The chairman of the party is Petrus Pennanen. The party is a member of Pirate Parties International.Pirate Party (Iceland)
The Pirate Party (Icelandic: Píratar) is a political party in Iceland. The party's platform is based on pirate politics and direct democracy.Pirate Party (Ireland)
The Pirate Party Ireland was an unregistered minor political party in Ireland, modelled on the Swedish Pirate Party. The party was founded in May 2009 after discussions on the Pirate Parties International website and re-founded in April 2012. The Irish party began to gain attention after the official registration of Pirate Party UK.Pirate Party (Sweden)
The Pirate Party (Swedish: Piratpartiet) is a political party in Sweden founded in 2006. Its sudden popularity has given rise to parties with the same name and similar goals in Europe and worldwide, forming the International Pirate Party movement.
The Pirate Party was initially formed to reform laws regarding copyright and patents. The party agenda includes support for strengthening the individual's right to privacy, both on the Internet and in everyday life, and the transparency of state administration. The Pirate Party has intentionally chosen to be bloc independent of the traditional left-right scale to pursue their political agenda with all mainstream parties. The party originally stayed neutral on other matters, but started broadening into other political areas in 2012.The Pirate Party participated in the 2006 Riksdag elections and gained 0.63% of the votes, making them the third largest party outside parliament. In terms of membership, it passed the Green Party in December 2008, the Left Party in February 2009, the Liberal People's Party and the Christian Democrats in April 2009, and the Centre Party in May 2009, making it, for the time being, the third largest political party in Sweden by membership. The Pirate Party's associated youth organisation, Young Pirate (Swedish: Ung Pirat), was, for a part of 2009 and 2010, the largest political youth organisation in Sweden by membership count.
The Pirate Party came 5th in the 2009 European Parliament elections with 7.13% of the vote and 1 MEP (increasing to 2 after ratification of the Lisbon Treaty). Christian Engström became the first MEP for the party, and Amelia Andersdotter took the second seat on 1 December 2009.
Rick Falkvinge, founder of the party, stepped down on 1 January 2011 after five years as party leader, making vice leader Anna Troberg the party leader.On 1 December 2014, Anna Troberg announced that she would not be available for re-election in 2015 after her term ended on 31 December 2014.Pirate Party Australia
Pirate Party Australia is a political party in Australia that has traditionally represented civil liberty issues, but has also expanded into more traditional areas of policy. It is a Pirate Party which is based on the Pirate Party of Sweden, and has continued to develop a comprehensive policy platform since its formation based on the Pirate ethos.Pirate Party Germany
The Pirate Party Germany (German: Piratenpartei Deutschland), commonly known as Pirates (German: Piraten), is a political party in Germany founded in September 2006 at c-base. It states general agreement with the Swedish Piratpartiet as a party of the information society; it is part of the international movement of pirate parties and a member of the Pirate Parties International. In 2011/12, the party succeeded in attaining a high enough vote share to enter four state parliaments (Berlin, North Rhine-Westphalia, Saarland and Schleswig-Holstein) and the European Parliament. However, their popularity rapidly declined and by 2017 they had no representation in any of the German state parliaments. Their one European MEP, Julia Reda, has joined the Greens/EFA group.
According to political theorist Oskar Niedermayer, the party sees itself as part of an international movement to shape with their term of "digital revolution" which is a circumscription for the transition into information society. With their focus on freedom in the net and their fight against government regulations of this sphere, they caught the attention especially of the younger generation. Even if the network policy is the core identity of the party, it is now more than just an advocacy party of "digital natives" and characterises itself as a social-liberal-progressive.Former federal chairman Sebastian Nerz sees the party as social-liberal party of fundamental rights which among other things wants to advocate for political transparency.Pirate Party Luxembourg
The Pirate Party Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Piratepartei Lëtzebuerg, German: Piratenpartei Luxemburg, French: Parti pirate du Luxembourg) is a registered political party in Luxembourg. The party follows the pirate political doctrine developed by the Swedish Pirate Party. It champions citizen's rights, improved data protection and privacy for physical persons, more transparency of government, free access to information and education. Beyond this, it calls for an in-depth overhaul of copyright and patent law, and is opposed to all kinds of censorship. A fundamental principle is grassroots democracy, which gives the possibility to each member to help shape the future of the party. Like most parties in Luxembourg, the Pirate Party is strongly pro-European. It is a member of Pirate Parties International, the umbrella organisation of the international Pirate Party movement.The Pirate Party Luxembourg was founded in Luxemburg City on October 4, 2009. Its membership evolved from 14 founding-members to 331 (in April, 2014).
The President is Sven Clement, who was also the main candidate for the general elections in 2013 and the European elections in 2014. The vice-president is Sven Wohl, the treasurer is Ben Allard and the general secretary is Andy Maar. Another prominent figure is Jerry Weyer, former vice-president and co-founder of the party who was also co-president of Pirate Parties International (PPI) from March 2010 to 2011.Pirate Party UK
The Pirate Party UK (often abbreviated PPUK; in Welsh: Plaid Môr-leidr DU) is a political party in the United Kingdom. The Pirate Party's core policies are to bring about reform to copyright and patent laws, support privacy, reduce surveillance from government and businesses, and support freedom of speech and freedom of expression.The party was established in July 2009. The first leader of the party was Andrew Robinson, who stepped down in August 2010. Laurence "Loz" Kaye was elected to replace him in September 2010, and served until after the 2015 general election, when he stepped down. Following Kaye's resignation, a leadership election was held, with Cris Chesha being elected leader and David A Elston being elected the party's first deputy leader.Pirate Party of Austria
The Pirate Party of Austria (German: Piratenpartei Österreichs, PIRAT) is a political party in Austria and part of the global Pirate Party movement which fights for freedom of information and the protection of privacy.
It is mostly known for opposing the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement.The party was founded by Florian Hufsky and Jürgen 'Juxi' Leitner during the run-up to the 2006 election in Austria, but failed to gather the necessary signatures to contest the election.
On 14 March 2010, the PPÖ ran for municipal elections for its first time in the city of Bregenz and received 1.62% votes, but not enough for a seat.Christopher Clay, Marlies Wawra, Rodrigo Jorquera, Lukas Daniel Klausner and André Igler have been elected on 28 October 2012 to board members in the General Assembly of the Pirate Party Austria. Albert Gugerell has been elected as treasurer.In January Alexander Ofer, former member of the Tyrolean State Pirate Party, was expelled together with all state party members.
After Ofers entering of the city council the Pirate Party announced to come up to the Pirate Party Tyrol (Ofers new party he had founded before getting expelled. They successfully ran for a post in the city of Innsbruck).
But Ofer said "Wir wollen mit der Piratenpartei Österreichs nichts zu tun haben, das sind Pfuscher." ("We don't want to have anything to do with the Pirate Party of Austria , they are botchers").In 2012 the social-liberal daily newspaper Der Standard stated that the Pirates could be a competitor against The Greens and the Freedom Party, and could become also the new Liberal Forum, with
the Pirate Party Austria is heading for National Assembly in 2013 and EU Elections in 2014.In municipal elections in Graz on 25 November 2012, the Pirates gained 2.68% of the vote and one seat.On 4 March 2014 Salzburg Piratenpartei started a whistleblowing initiative; at the base of the initiative is the use of the GlobaLeaks software that enables anonymous whistleblowing.Pirate Party of Bulgaria
The Bulgarian Pirate Party (Bulgarian: Пиратска партия) is a political party in Bulgaria based on the Swedish Pirate Party. The party is a member of the international Pirate Party movement and is focused on copyright and patent reform, internet freedom, and government transparency.
The party was founded on 11 April 2010, in Sofia, after delegates from 20 Bulgarian towns adopted the articles of constitution and the party's political programme, and elected its national leadership, with Angel Todorov as National Party Administrator.Pirate Party of Canada
The Pirate Party of Canada (French: Parti Pirate du Canada, abbreviated as the PPCA), was a minor party in federal Canadian politics. Founded in 2009, the party officially registered with Elections Canada in 2010. The PPCA is modelled on the Swedish Pirate Party and advocates intellectual property reform, privacy protection, network neutrality and greater government openness. No member of the party has been elected to Parliament. The party officially deregistered on November 30, 2017.Pirate Party of Greece
The Pirate Party of Greece (Greek: Κόμμα Πειρατών Ελλάδας) is a political party in Greece. Based on the model of the Swedish Pirate Party, it supports reform of copyright law, the abolition of patents, and respect for privacy.The party was founded on 14 January 2012. It was officially recognised on 10 February 2012, and had 480 members on that date.The Pirate Party of Greece is a full member of Pirate Parties International.The Greek Pirate Party supports direct democracy, via e-democracy.Pirate Party of New Zealand
The Pirate Party of New Zealand (PPNZ) is an unregistered political party in New Zealand. The party is based on the Swedish Pirate Party and focuses on issues of copyright and patent reform and internet privacy. It contested elections in 2011. It is a member of Pirate Parties International.Pirate Party of Ukraine
The Pirate Party of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Піратська Партія України) is a political party in Ukraine. Based on the model of the Swedish Pirate Party, it supports reform of copyright law, the abolition of patents, and respect for privacy. The party was not a founding member (in 2010) of Pirate Parties International but it joined them in April 2013. As of August 2013 the party is not officially registered as such by the Ukrainian Ministry of Justice.In the 2012 parliamentary election the party supported independent candidate Tetyana Montyan in single-member district number 212 (first-past-the-post wins a parliament seat) located in Kiev; she became fifth in this district with 9% of the votes.The party did not participate in the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election.Polish Pirate Party
The Polish Pirate Party (Polish: Polska Partia Piratów; Abbr.: P3) is a political party in Poland based on the model of the Swedish Pirate Party. It was founded on 23 July 2012, and registered on 21 January 2013. after a long process of registration.A pirate party was first founded in Poland under the name (Polish: Partia Piratów) on 7 July 2006, and registered on 11 November 2007.
Due to formal error, the party was de-registered in 2008. The party leaders opted to delay reregistration and focus on recruiting new members and establishing party structure. On 28 December 2009 it was removed from the register of political parties and ceased its activities outside the Internet.In January 2013, the party was reregistered. Its first General Assembly took place on 18 May 2013.United States Pirate Party
The United States Pirate Party (USPP) is an American political party founded in 2006 by Brent Allison and Alex English. The party's platform is aligned with the global Pirate movement, and supports reform of copyright laws to reflect open source and free culture values, government transparency, protection of privacy and civil liberties. The United States Pirate Party also advocates for evidence-based policy, egalitarianism, meritocracy and the hacker ethic as well as the rolling back of corporate personhood and corporate welfare. The USPP has also made a priority to advocate for changes in the copyright laws and removal of patents. It is the belief of the party that these restrictions greatly hinder the sharing and expansion of knowledge and resources.The party's national organization has existed in multiple incarnations since its 2006 founding. Its most recent is the Pirate National Committee (PNC), formed in 2012 as a coalition of state parties. The PNC officially recognizes Pirate parties from 8 states, and tracks and assists in the growth of more state parties throughout the United States. The board of the USPP is the board of the PNC. The current Chair of the Pirate National Committee is Lindsay-Anne Gorski (née Brunner).
Intellectual property activism