Pioneer Football League

The Pioneer Football League (PFL) is a collegiate athletic conference which operates in the United States. The conference participates in the NCAA's Division I Football Championship Subdivision (FCS) as a football-only conference. It has member schools that range from New York, North Carolina, and Florida in the east to California in the west. It is headquartered in St. Louis, in the same complex that also contains the offices of the Missouri Valley Conference and Missouri Valley Football Conference. Unlike most other Division I FCS conferences, the Pioneer League consists of institutions that choose not to award athletic scholarships ("grants-in-aid") to football players.

Most of the PFL's members are private schools. Morehead State University is currently the only public school in the conference.

Pioneer Football League
Pioneer Football League logo
Established 1991
Association NCAA
Division Division I
Subdivision FCS
Members 10 (11 in 2021)
Sports fielded
  • 1 (football)
    • men's: 1
    • women's: 0
Region Nationwide
Headquarters St. Louis, Missouri
Commissioner Patty Viverito (since 1994)
Website www.pioneer-football.org
Locations
Pioneer Football League locations

History

Foundation

Following an NCAA rule change passed in January 1991, which required Division I schools to conduct all sports at the Division I level by 1993, the conference was formed by charter members Butler University, the University of Dayton, Drake University, the University of Evansville, and Valparaiso University.[1] The University of San Diego joined in 1992, and the league played its first season in 1993. The six original schools which played in the 1993 season had previously sponsored football at the Division I, Division II and Division III levels.

Membership changes

Original contraction

In 1997, the league reduced to five members when the University of Evansville downgraded football from Division I to club status; Evansville explored upgrading football back to Division I in 2007, but decided against it.

2001 expansion

In 2001, the conference nearly doubled in size and was reorganized with the five pre-2001 members forming the North Division, and newcomers Austin Peay State University, Davidson College, Jacksonville University and Morehead State University forming the South Division. The reorganization spawned a new championship system in which the best record holders from each division would play in a title game for the conference championship.

2005–2008 membership changes

On April 8, 2005, Austin Peay announced its departure from the league effective after the 2005 season; Austin Peay returned to scholarship-granting competition in 2007 as a member of the Ohio Valley Conference in which it competes in other sports. As a result, the conference reverted to round-robin play; the divisions and championship game were abolished. On April 7, 2006, Campbell University announced the reinstatement of football effective in 2008, and on December 5, 2007, accepted an invitation to the PFL.[2] In February 2008, Marist College announced that it would join the PFL for the 2009 season, after the MAAC stopped sponsoring football.[3] Although Campbell moved in 2011 from the Atlantic Sun Conference to the Big South Conference, which sponsors football, it did not join the Big South in football and remained in the PFL through the 2017 season.[4]

2013 membership changes & automatic playoff berth

On June 13, 2011, Mercer University and Stetson University were announced as league members (effective 2013) bringing membership to 12 schools.[5] In addition, as of 2013, the league has an automatic bid into the FCS division I playoffs.[6] Soon after its PFL membership was announced, Mercer accepted an invitation to join the Southern Conference (scholarship-granting) effective July 1, 2014.[7] During its one season in the league, Mercer set a Division I win-loss record for start-up programs; Mercer finished the 2013 season with an overall record of 10–2 including an undefeated 8–0 record at home, also a Division I record held jointly with Auburn University, which likewise went undefeated at home in 2013.

On July 1, 2014, Mercer University joined the Southern Conference for all sports, including football.

The next change in conference membership was announced on November 14, 2016, when Campbell announced it would transition to scholarship football and add that sport to its existing Big South membership effective with the 2018 season, temporarily reducing the PFL membership to 10.[8] Barring any further changes to conference membership, the PFL will return to 11 members in 2021, following the November 20, 2017 announcement of Presbyterian College that it would join the conference starting with the 2021 season. Presbyterian will remain in the Big South Conference for all other sports.[9]

Member schools

Current members

Institution Location Founded First
Football
Year
Type Enrollment Joined Nickname Primary
Conference
while
joining
the PFL
Current
Primary
Conference
Butler University Indianapolis, Indiana 1855 1887 Private 3,897 1991 Bulldogs Horizon Big East
Davidson College Davidson, North Carolina 1837 1897 Private 1,950 2001 Wildcats SoCon Atlantic 10 (A-10)
University of Dayton Dayton, Ohio 1850 1905 Private 8,353 1991 Flyers Horizon Atlantic 10 (A-10)
Drake University Des Moines, Iowa 1881 1883 Private 3,164 1991 Bulldogs Missouri Valley
Jacksonville University Jacksonville, Florida 1934 1934 (1998) Private 7,426 2001 Dolphins Atlantic Sun (ASUN)
Marist College Poughkeepsie, New York 1929 1978 Private 6,200 2009 Red Foxes MAAC
Morehead State University Morehead, Kentucky 1922 1927 Public 11,358 2001 Eagles OVC
University of San Diego San Diego, California 1949 1956 Private 4,904 1992 Toreros WCC
Stetson University DeLand, Florida 1883 1901 (2013) Private 4,330 2013 Hatters Atlantic Sun (ASUN)
Valparaiso University Valparaiso, Indiana 1859 1919 Private 2,917 1991 Crusaders Summit Missouri Valley

Campbell University played its final PFL season in 2017; it will depart for the Big South Conference, in which it has been a full but non-football member since 2011.[8]

Valparaiso changed its primary conference affiliation to the Missouri Valley Conference in July 2017, but the Crusaders remain in Pioneer League football.[10]

Former members

Institution Location Founded First
Football
Year
Type Enrollment Joined Left Nickname Primary
Conference
while
joining
the PFL
Current
Primary
Conference
Austin Peay State University Clarksville, Tennessee 1927 1930 Public 8,650 2001 2006 Governors OVC
Campbell University Buies Creek, North Carolina 1887 1925 (2008) Private 9,471 2008 2017 Fighting Camels/Lady Camels Atlantic Sun (ASUN) Big South
University of Evansville* Evansville, Indiana 1854 1898 Private 3,050 1991 1998 Purple Aces Missouri Valley
Mercer University Macon, Georgia 1833 1892 (2013) Private 8,300 2013 2014 Bears Atlantic Sun (ASUN) Southern

Future Members

Institution Location Founded First
Football
Year
Type Enrollment Year Joining Nickname Current
Primary
Conference
Presbyterian College Clinton, South Carolina 1880 1913 Private 1,172 2021 Blue Hose Big South
Note
  • Evansville dropped football following the 1997–98 season.

Membership timeline

Rivalries

Three in-state rivalries currently exist in the PFL.

Butler and Valparaiso first played in 1927, and had nine meetings prior to 1951. That year, the two teams began playing every year, and in 2006 began playing for the Hoosier Helmet Trophy. Butler currently leads 47–24. The two schools had an all-sports rivalry as well when both were in the Horizon League together from 2007–2012.

Campbell and Davidson began their rivalry in 2008 when the Fighting Camels joined the PFL. Campbell and Davidson are tied 4–4 all-time through the 2016 season.

Jacksonville and Stetson started their football rivalry in 2013, when Stetson began PFL play. The schools were already rivals in other sports, both being members of the ASUN Conference.

Butler and Dayton also have a rivalry based on proximity to each other. The teams have met every year since 1977 with the exception of 1991 and 1992. Dayton leads 26–11–1.

Conference championships

Pioneer Football League is located in the US
Butler
Butler
Campbell
Campbell
Davidson
Davidson
Dayton
Dayton
Drake
Drake
Jacksonville
Jacksonville
Marist
Marist
Morehead State
Morehead State
Presbyterian
Presbyterian
San Diego
San Diego
Stetson
Stetson
Valparaiso
Valparaiso
Locations of Pioneer Football League schools; Red=Departing, 2018; Green=Future Members

PFL champions

Season Champion Record
1993 Dayton 5–0–0
1994 Butler 4–1–0
Dayton 4–1–0
1995 Drake 5–0–0
1996 Dayton 5–0–0
1997 Dayton 5–0–0
1998 Drake 4–0
1999 Dayton 4–0
2000 Dayton 3–1
Drake 3–1
Valparaiso 3–1
2001 Dayton Championship Game
2002 Dayton Championship Game
2003 Valparaiso Championship Game
2004 Drake Championship Game
2005 San Diego Championship Game
2006 San Diego 7–0
2007 Dayton 6–1
San Diego 6–1
2008 Jacksonville 7–1
2009 Butler 7–1
Dayton 7–1
2010 Jacksonville 8–0
Dayton 8–0
2011 San Diego 7–1
Drake 7–1
2012 Butler 7–1
Drake 7–1
San Diego 7–1
2013 Butler 7–1
Marist 7–1
2014 San Diego 7–1[11]
2015 Dayton 7–1
San Diego 7–1
2016 San Diego 8–0
2017 San Diego 8-0

League titles by school

School Championships Championship Years
Dayton
12
1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001*, 2002*, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2015
San Diego
9
2005*, 2006, 2007, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017
Drake
6
1995, 1998, 2000, 2004*, 2011, 2012
Butler
4
1994, 2009, 2012, 2013
Jacksonville
2
2008, 2010
Valparaiso
2
2000, 2003*
Marist
1
2013
Campbell
0
Davidson
0
Morehead State
0
Evansville
0
Austin Peay
0

* – Won at PFL Championship Game
Italics=Co-champions

PFL Championship Game

Season North Division Score South Division Location
2001 Dayton 46–14 Jacksonville Dayton, Ohio
2002 Dayton 28–0 Morehead State Morehead, Kentucky
2003 Valparaiso 54–42 Morehead State Valparaiso, Indiana
2004 Drake 20–17 Morehead State Morehead, Kentucky
2005 San Diego 47–40 Morehead State San Diego, California

Postseason games

The Pioneer Football League has had alliances with the Gridiron Classic and the Sports Network Cup. In addition, league members are allowed to accept at-large invitations to other college bowl games and teams are eligible to compete in the FCS playoffs.

Through the 2012 season, the NCAA did not offer the league an automatic invite to the FCS playoffs and never offered an at-large bid to any of its teams, effectively barring the league from the tournament. Starting in 2013, the Pioneer League received an automatic bid to compete in the Division I Football Championship as the playoffs expanded from 20 teams to 24. The PFL won its first playoff game in 2016, as San Diego advanced past the first round of the playoffs.

The PFL was a participant in the NCAA Division I FCS Consensus Mid-Major Football National Championship, along with the Northeast Conference and Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference, two other conferences without automatic playoff bids. The Consensus championship has since been discontinued; the NEC first earned an automatic postseason bid in 2010, while the MAAC no longer sponsors football.

Members pre-PFL postseason results

Below are postseason accomplishments by past and current members prior to the formation of the Pioneer Football League.

Season Champion Runner-up Bowl
1945 Drake 13 Fresno State 12 Raisin Bowl
1946 Evansville 19 Northern Illinois 7 Turkey Bowl
1947 Evansville 20 Northern Illinois 0 Hoosier Bowl
1948 Drake 14 Arizona 13 Salad Bowl
1948 Evansville 13 Missouri Valley 7 Refrigerator Bowl
1949 Evansville 22 Hillsdale 7 Refrigerator Bowl
1950 Wisconsin-La Crosse 47 Valparaiso 14 Cigar Bowl
1951 Houston 26 Dayton 21 Salad Bowl
1957 Louisville 34 Drake 20 Sun Bowl
1969 Arkansas State 29 Drake 21 Pecan Bowl
1969 Toledo 56 Davidson 33 Tangerine Bowl
1972 Tennessee State 29 Drake 7 Pioneer Bowl
1973 Wittenberg 21 San Diego 14 Division III Playoffs
1974 Central (IA) 31 Evansville 14 Division III Playoffs
1980 Dayton 63 Ithaca 0 Stagg Bowl
1981 Widener 17 Dayton 10 Stagg Bowl
1983 Cal Davis 25 Butler 3 Division II Playoffs
1987 Wagner 19 Dayton 3 Stagg Bowl
1988 Tennessee-Martin 23 Butler 3 Division II Playoffs
1989 Dayton 17 Union (NY) 7 Stagg Bowl
1991 Ithaca 34 Dayton 20 Stagg Bowl
1991 Pittsburg State 26 Butler 16 Division II Playoffs

PFL Sports Network Cup results

PFL Gridiron Classic results

From 2006 through 2009, the PFL and Northeast Conference (NEC) staged the Gridiron Classic, an exempted postseason football game that matched the champions of the two conferences which were technically members of Division I FCS, but which were not the recipients of automatic invitations to the football championship playoff at the time.

Season Champion Runner-up
2006 San Diego 27 Monmouth 7
2007 Dayton 42 Albany 21
2008 Albany 28 Jacksonville 0
2009 Butler 28 Central Connecticut 23

NCAA Division I Football Championship results

Since 2013, the PFL champion has received an invite to the FCS playoffs; previously, PFL teams had to receive an at-large bid, which no team ever received.

Season PFL Champion Round Opponent(s) Result(s)
2013 Butler First Round Tennessee State L, 0–31
2014 San Diego First Round Montana L, 14–52
2015 Dayton First Round Western Illinois L, 7–24
2016 San Diego First Round
Second Round
Cal Poly
North Dakota State
W, 35–21
L, 7–45
2017 San Diego First Round
Second Round
Northern Arizona
North Dakota State
W, 41–10
L, 3–38

Historical standings

1993 Pioneer Football League
Conf Overall
Team W L T W L T PF PA
Dayton 5 0 0 9 1 0 298 114
Drake 3 2 0 8 2 0 304 239
Butler 3 2 0 4 6 0 183 206
Evansville 2 3 0 6 4 0 ??? ???
San Diego 1 4 0 5 5 0 252 227
Valparaiso 1 4 0 5 5 0 239 283
1994 Pioneer Football League
Conf Overall
Team W L T W L T PF PA
Dayton 4 1 0 8 2 0 328 170
Butler 4 1 0 7 3 0 275 202
Drake 3 2 0 7 3 0 217 115
San Diego 2 3 0 6 4 0 296 283
Valparaiso 2 3 0 7 3 0 243 182
Evansville 0 5 0 4 6 0 ??? ???
1995 Pioneer Football League
Conf Overall
Team W L T W L T PF PA
Drake 5 0 0 8 1 1 237 104
Dayton 4 1 0 9 2 0 422 180
San Diego 3 2 0 5 5 0 176 167
Evansville 1 4 0 5 5 0 ??? ???
Valparaiso 1 4 0 5 5 0 247 314
Butler 1 4 0 2 8 0 157 314
1996 Pioneer Football League
Conf Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Dayton 5 0 11 0 411 186
Drake 4 1 8 3 361 188
Evansville 2 3 5 5 ??? ???
Butler 2 3 3 7 164 307
San Diego 1 4 4 6 197 257
Valparaiso 1 4 4 6 275 258
1997 Pioneer Football League
Conf Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Dayton 5 0 9 1 366 187
San Diego 4 1 8 3 369 287
Drake 2 3 8 3 296 158
Butler 2 3 6 4 196 196
Valparaiso 2 3 3 7 194 342
Evansville 0 5 2 8 ??? ???
1998 Pioneer Football League
Conf Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Drake 4 0 7 3 291 182
Dayton 3 1 6 4 279 262
Valparaiso 2 2 5 6 233 222
Butler 1 3 4 6 222 273
San Diego 0 4 2 8 184 259
1999 Pioneer Football League
Conf Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Dayton 4 0 6 4 325 210
Valparaiso 3 1 9 2 290 199
Drake 2 2 7 4 330 173
San Diego 1 3 5 5 215 201
Butler 0 4 5 5 217 305
2000 Pioneer Football League
Conf Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Dayton 3 1 8 3 376 192
Drake 3 1 7 4 410 267
Valparaiso 3 1 7 4 275 239
San Diego 1 3 4 6 242 313
Butler 0 4 2 8 356 378
2001 Pioneer Football League[12]
North Division
Div Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Dayton 4 0 10 1 453 167
Butler 2 2 5 5 278 328
San Diego 2 2 6 3 236 203
Drake 1 3 5 5 276 278
Valparaiso 1 3 3 8 149 282
South Division
Div Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Jacksonville 3 0 6 5 268 268
Morehead State 2 1 6 5 298 246
Davidson 1 2 5 4 199 206
Austin Peay 0 3 3 7 236 265
2002 Pioneer Football League[13]
North Division
Div Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Dayton 4 0 11 1 423 118
San Diego 3 1 5 5 297 309
Butler 2 2 4 6 294 374
Drake 1 3 5 6 355 435
Valparaiso 0 4 1 10 268 498
South Division
Div Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Morehead State 3 0 9 3 347 218
Davidson 2 1 7 3 320 227
Austin Peay 1 2 7 5 287 333
Jacksonville 0 3 3 7 185 314
2003 Pioneer Football League[14]
North Division
Div Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Valparaiso 3 1 8 4 406 333
San Diego 3 1 8 2 399 215
Dayton 2 2 9 2 400 183
Drake 1 3 6 6 355 307
Butler 1 3 2 9 119 418
South Division
Div Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Morehead State 3 0 8 3 327 185
Jacksonville 1 2 5 6 268 307
Austin Peay 1 2 4 7 194 276
Davidson 1 2 3 8 246 364
2004 Pioneer Football League[15]
North Division
Div Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Drake 4 0 10 2 365 200
San Diego 3 1 7 4 397 266
Dayton 2 2 7 3 325 140
Valparaiso 1 3 5 6 250 300
Butler 0 4 1 10 118 344
South Division
Div Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Morehead State 2 1 6 6 235 231
Jacksonville 2 1 3 7 188 345
Davidson 1 2 2 7 132 254
Austin Peay 1 2 2 9 161 313
2005 Pioneer Football League[16]
North Division
Div Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
San Diego 4 0 11 1 512 205
Dayton 3 1 9 1 403 141
Drake 2 2 6 4 376 229
Valparaiso 1 3 3 8 154 424
Butler 0 4 0 11 154 468
South Division
Div Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Morehead State 3 0 8 4 407 336
Jacksonville 2 1 4 4 236 211
Davidson 1 2 4 6 201 327
Austin Peay 0 3 2 9 140 412
2006 Pioneer Football League[17]
Conf Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
San Diego 7 0 11 1 514 155
Drake 6 1 9 2 303 168
Davidson 5 2 6 4 295 228
Jacksonville 4 3 4 6 206 323
Butler 2 5 3 8 156 331
Morehead State 2 5 2 9 218 322
Dayton 1 6 4 6 250 259
Valparaiso 1 6 3 8 212 378
2007 Pioneer Football League
Conf Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Dayton 6 1 11 1 466 187
San Diego 6 1 9 2 488 287
Morehead State 5 2 7 4 277 216
Davidson 4 3 6 4 312 282
Drake 3 4 6 5 293 293
Valparaiso 2 5 5 6 245 321
Jacksonville 2 5 3 8 240 351
Butler 0 7 4 7 241 345
2008 Pioneer Football League[18]
Conf Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Jacksonville 7 1 9 4 401 252
San Diego 6 2 8 2 360 188
Dayton 6 2 9 3 339 184
Butler 4 4 6 5 326 269
Drake 4 4 6 5 219 196
Morehead State 4 4 6 5 294 244
Davidson 3 5 4 7 286 280
Valparaiso 2 6 3 8 202 336
Campbell 0 8 1 10 98 447
2009 Pioneer Football League[19]
Conf Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Butler 7 1 11 1 316 196
Dayton 7 1 9 2 343 234
Drake 6 2 8 3 319 246
Jacksonville 6 2 7 4 343 234
Marist 5 3 7 4 275 221
San Diego 3 5 4 7 247 345
Davidson 3 5 4 7 193 229
Campbell 2 6 3 8 156 263
Morehead State 1 7 3 8 342 354
Valparaiso 0 8 1 10 155 470
2010 Pioneer Football League[20]
Conf Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Jacksonville 8 0 10 1 464 225
Dayton 8 0 10 1 390 232
Drake 6 2 7 4 289 225
San Diego 5 3 5 6 237 241
Morehead State 4 4 5 6 236 350
Davidson 3 5 3 8 163 335
Campbell 2 6 3 8 261 294
Butler 2 6 4 7 202 211
Marist 2 6 3 8 257 292
Valparaiso 0 8 0 11 100 514
2011 Pioneer Football League[21]
Conf Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Drake 7 1 9 2 316 196
San Diego 7 1 9 2 342 260
Jacksonville 6 2 7 4 357 257
Campbell 5 3 6 5 343 234
Dayton 4 4 6 5 275 221
Butler 3 5 5 6 282 298
Marist 3 5 4 7 193 229
Davidson 2 6 4 7 186 285
Morehead State 2 6 3 8 397 389
Valparaiso 1 7 1 10 177 500
2012 Pioneer Football League[22]
Conf Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Drake 7 1 8 3 322 236
Butler 7 1 8 3 302 243
San Diego 7 1 8 3 323 212
Jacksonville 5 3 7 4 275 239
Dayton 5 3 6 5 251 230
Marist 3 5 4 7 249 206
Morehead State 3 5 4 7 422 334
Davidson 2 6 2 9 177 334
Valparaiso 1 7 1 10 202 496
Campbell 0 8 1 10 156 422
2013 Pioneer Football League[23]
Conf Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
Butler* 7 1 9 4 433 349
Marist 7 1 8 3 378 226
Mercer 6 2 10 2 459 287
Dayton 5 3 7 4 335 262
Drake 5 3 6 5 274 215
Jacksonville 4 4 5 6 460 375
Morehead State 3 5 3 9 349 451
Campbell 2 6 3 9 349 451
Stetson 1 7 2 9 195 360
Valparaiso 1 7 1 10 229 493
Davidson 0 8 0 11 154 445
San Diego 7 1 8 3 430 250
2014 Pioneer Football League[24]
Conf Overall
Team W L W L PF PA
San Diego 7 1 9 3 441 207
Dayton 6 2 8 3 334 251
Drake 6 2 7 4 247 229
Campbell 4 4 5 7 283 343
Marist 4 4 4 7 188 221
Stetson 3 5 5 7 278 388
Morehead State 3 5 4 8 352 523
Butler 2 6 4 7 257 305
Valparaiso 2 6 4 8 287 337
Davidson 0 8 1 11 279 477
Jacksonville° 0 0 9 3 389 193

Conference facilities

School Football Stadium Capacity
Butler Bud and Jackie Sellick Bowl 7,500[29]
Campbell Barker–Lane Stadium 5,200
Davidson Richardson Stadium 6,000
Dayton Welcome Stadium 11,000
Drake Drake Stadium 14,557[30]
Jacksonville D. B. Milne Field 5,500
Marist Leonidoff Field 5,000[31]
Morehead State Jayne Stadium 10,000
San Diego Torero Stadium 6,000
Stetson Spec Martin Memorial Stadium 6,000
Valparaiso Brown Field 5,000

References

  1. ^ "Drake joins new league". Des Moines, Iowa: The Telegraph-Herald. November 22, 1991. pp. Page 1B. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
  2. ^ [1] Archived July 18, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Marist gets a National Stage and Travel Schedule". nytimes.com. September 11, 2009.
  4. ^ "Campbell University To Re-Join Big South Conference" (Press release). Big South Conference. May 14, 2009. Retrieved October 5, 2010.
  5. ^ http://www.pioneer-football.org/news/default/21/602/
  6. ^ Birch, Tommy (August 23, 2012). "Pioneer Football League officially announces automatic bid". Des Moines Register. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  7. ^ "VMI, ETSU, Mercer to join SoCon". College Football.
  8. ^ a b "Fighting Camels football to join Big South in 2018" (Press release). Campbell University. November 14, 2016. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
  9. ^ "Presbyterian College Unveils New Strategic Plan" (Press release). Presbyterian College. 2017-11-19. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
  10. ^ "It's Official. Welcome, Valparaiso" (Press release). Missouri Valley Conference. May 25, 2017. Archived from the original on June 12, 2017. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  11. ^ "Football Program Compliance Update". Jacksonville University. November 14, 2014. Archived from the original on November 19, 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
  12. ^ "Official Homepage of the Pioneer Football League". Archived from the original on 2001-12-12. Retrieved 2002-06-02.
  13. ^ "Wayback Machine" (PDF). archive.org. 3 April 2003.
  14. ^ "Official Internet Home of the Pioneer Football League". Archived from the original on 2003-12-06. Retrieved 2003-12-06.
  15. ^ "Official Internet Home of the Pioneer Football League". Archived from the original on 2004-12-04. Retrieved 2005-03-18.
  16. ^ "Official Internet Home of the Pioneer Football League". Archived from the original on 2005-12-02. Retrieved 2006-08-19.
  17. ^ "Pioneer Football League – Standings/Schedules". pioneer-football.org. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
  18. ^ "Pioneer Football League". Archived from the original on 2008-12-16. Retrieved 2008-12-16.
  19. ^ [2] Archived November 18, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ [3] Archived November 18, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ [4]
  22. ^ "Standings – 2015 PFL Standings – Pioneer Football League Official Site". Pioneer-Football.org.
  23. ^ "Standings – 2013 PFL Standings – Pioneer Football League Official Site". Pioneer-Football.org.
  24. ^ "Standings – 2015 PFL Standings – Pioneer Football League Official Site". Pioneer-Football.org.
  25. ^ "Butler football earns its first FCS playoff bid". The Indianapolis Star. 2013-11-19.
  26. ^ "Butler University wins PFL tiebreaker, Division I Football Championship automatic qualification". Pioneer Football League. 2013-11-19.
  27. ^ Norcross, Dan (14 November 2013). "USD forgoes consideration for PFL title". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  28. ^ "Jacksonville ineligible for PFL title, FCS playoffs". Fox News. 2014-11-14.
  29. ^ http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/butl/sports/m-soccer/auto_pdf/05MSocProspectus.pdf
  30. ^ "Drake Stadium History". godrakebulldogs.com.
  31. ^ "Tenney Stadium at Leonidoff Field". Marist Athletics.

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