Pierre Révoil

Pierre Henri Révoil (12 June 1776, in Lyon – 19 March 1842, in Paris) was a French painter in the troubadour style.

Pierre Revoil-Jean Michel Grobon-MBA Lyon 1982-104-IMG 0459
Pierre Révoil (1797). Portrait by Jean-Michel Grobon

Biography

His father was a furrier. Although he was needed at home, his family allowed him to receive a proper education. He first studied art at the École centrale in Lyon, under the direction of Donat Nonnotte. In 1793, increasing poverty forced his family to send him to work with a manufacturer of patriotic wallpapers. Two years later, he managed to find a place at the studios of Jacques-Louis David at the École des Beaux-arts.[1]

Initially, he found himself fascinated by Greek vase paintings and found some notoriety for his scenes of the Revolution. He also did many large-scale religious paintings, but soon focused almost exclusively on historical scenes from the Middle Ages, in what would later be somewhat derisively called the "Troubadour Style".

RevoilHenritheIVandhischildren
Henry IV and His Children
(before 1825)

In 1802, when Napoleon, laid the foundation stones for the Place Bellecour, Révoil celebrated the occasion with a large allegorical drawing, "Napoleon Rebuilding the Town of Lyon", which became the basis for a painting exhibited at the Salon in 1804.[1] Three years later, he was named a Professor in the École des beaux-arts at the palais Saint-Pierre (now the Museum of Fine Arts of Lyon).

By 1811 he had amassed a huge collection of Medieval armor, chests, vases, wall hangings, paintings and manuscripts. This personal museum was used as a teaching tool for his students at the École. By this time, it was also quite famous and was described in detail for the Magasin encyclopédique by Aubin-Louis Millin de Grandmaison. He also wrote Medieval-style chansons, some of which became popular in the Lyon region.

La convalescence de Bayard-Pierre Révoil-MBA Lyon 2014.jpeg
The Convalescence of Bayard (1817)

When the First Empire fell, he rallied to the cause of the Restoration and destroyed his painting of Napoleon. The following year, he married the eighteen-year-old daughter of a cousin and moved to Provence in 1818. He returned to Lyon in 1823 and served as Director of the École until 1830. Some of his best-known students there were Claude Bonnefond, Hippolyte Flandrin and Victor Orsel. In 1828, he donated his collection to the Louvre[2] and had just finished transferring it to Paris when the July Revolution broke out. This put an end to his career and he left for Provence again, never to return to Lyon. Years later, alone and penniless, he moved into a loft on the Rue de Seine in Paris, where he died.

His sister was the poet Louise Colet and his son, Henri Révoil, was a well-known architect who restored many churches and other public buildings.

References

  1. ^ a b Web Gallery: Brief biography
  2. ^ Larousse: Brief biography

Further reading

  • Marie-Claude Chaudonneret, La Peinture Troubadour, deux artistes lyonnais, Pierre Révoil (1776–1842), Fleury-Richard (1777–1852), Arthéna, Paris, 1980.
  • Louis Courajod, La Collection Révoil du Musée du Louvre, Caen, Le Blanc Hardel, 1886.
  • Michel Philibert Genod, Mémoires de l’académie impériale des sciences, belles-lettres et arts de Lyon, Paris, Lyon, Durand, Brun, 1863.
  • Charles Gabet (1793–1860), Dictionnaire des artistes de l'École française du XIXe siècle, de peinture, sculpture, architecture, gravure, dessin, litographie et composition musicale , Paris, 1831, 710.p.

External links

1776 in art

Events from the year 1776 in art.

1812 in art

Events in the year 1812 in Art.

1822 in art

Events in the year 1822 in Art.

420

Year 420 (CDXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Theodosius and Constantius (or, less frequently, year 1173 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 420 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Anthelme Trimolet

Anthelme Claude Honoré Trimolet (8 May 1798, Lyon - 17 December 1866, Lyon) was a French painter; notable for portraits and interiors with figures.

Arthéna

Arthena is a French Association pour la diffusion de l'histoire de l'art which regularly publishes art history books and most particularly catalogues.

Comminges and Adelaide in the Trappist Monastery

Comminges and Adelaide in the Trappist Monastery or Comminges digging his own tomb watched by Adelaide disguised as a monk is the final painting by Fleury François Richard, produced between 1822 and 1844 and now in the Museum of Fine Arts of Lyon. Its subject is drawn from Les Amans malheureux, ou le Comte de Comminge (1764), a play adapted by François de Baculard d'Arnaud from the tragic lovestory of Mémoires du comte de Comminge (1735) by Claudine Guérin de Tencin.

Fleury François Richard

Fleury François Richard (25 February 1777, Lyon – 14 March 1852, Écully), sometimes called Fleury-Richard, was a painter of the École de Lyon. A student of Jacques-Louis David, Fleury-Richard and his friend Pierre Révoil were precursors of the Troubador style.

François-Auguste Biard

François-Auguste Biard, born François Thérèse Biard (29 June 1799, Lyon - 20 June 1882, Samois-sur-Seine) was a French painter, known for his adventurous travels and the works depicting his experiences.

Henri Révoil

Henri Révoil (1822–1900) was a 19th-century French architect.

Jean-Marie Jacomin

Jean-Marie Jacomin (1789, Lyon - 6 May 1858, Lyon) was a French painter.

Louise Colet

Louise Colet (15 August 1810 – 9 March 1876), born Louise Revoil, was a French poet.

Mazargues

Mazargues is a former village and now a neighbourhood of the 9th arrondissement in Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, France.

Révoil

Révoil is a French surname. It may refer to:

Fanély Revoil (1906–1999), French opera and operetta singer

Henri Révoil (1822–1900), French architect

Pierre Révoil (1776–1842), French painter in the troubadour style

Paul Révoil (1856–1914), French diplomat and administrator

Salles des Croisades

The Salles des Croisades ("Hall of Crusades") is a set of rooms located in the north wing of the Palace of Versailles.

The rooms were created in the mid-19th century by king Louis-Philippe, and opened in 1843, at a time when France was seized with enthusiasm with its historical past, and especially the Crusades period. The rooms are filled with over 120 paintings related to the Crusades. King Louis-Philippe included the names of the thousands of family whose ancestors went to the Crusades, encouraging many forgeries at that time.

Simon Saint-Jean

Simon Saint-Jean (14 October 1808, Lyon - 3 July 1860, Écully) was a French painter who specialized in flowers.

The Tournament (painting)

The Tournament is a major 1812 painting by Pierre Révoil, who presented it to the Museum of Fine Arts of Lyon (which still owns it) sometime before 1815. It shows the final moments of a legend of Bertrand Du Guesclin, when he reveals his identity after competing anonymously in a tournament and beating all comers.

Troubadour style

Taking its name from medieval troubadours, the Troubadour Style, style troubadour in French, was a somewhat derisive term for French historical painting of the early 19th century with idealised depictions of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. It can be seen as an aspect of Romanticism and a reaction against Neoclassicism, which was coming to an end at the end of the Consulate, and became particularly associated with Josephine Bonaparte and Caroline Ferdinande Louise, duchesse de Berry. In architecture the style was an exuberant French equivalent to the Gothic Revival of the Germanic and Anglophone countries. The style related to contemporary developments in French literature, and music, but the term is usually restricted to painting and architecture.

Victor Orsel

(André Jacques) Victor Orsel (25 May 1795, Oullins, Rhône - 30 November 1850, Paris) was a French painter. A student of Pierre Révoil in Lyon then of Pierre-Narcisse Guérin in Paris, he then spent 7 years at the villa Médicis in Rome (1822–29), where he worked in the orbit of Overbeck and the Nazarene movement, and copied the Italian 'primitives', leaving his own art with an archaising tendency. He died unmarried.

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