Piedmont region of Virginia

The Piedmont region of Virginia is a part of the greater Piedmont physiographic region which stretches from the falls of the Potomac, Rappahannock, and James Rivers to the Blue Ridge Mountains. The region runs across the middle of the state from north to south, expanding outward to a width of nearly 190 miles at the border with North Carolina. To the north, the region continues from Virginia into central Maryland and southeastern Pennsylvania.[1]

Overview

The Virginia Piedmont is largely characterized by rolling hills and numerous ridges near the boundary with the Blue Ridge Mountains. Lying between the mountain and coastal plain regions, the piedmont region is a naturally diverse landscape.[2] The bedrock consists mostly of gneiss, schist and granite rocks at a typical depth of between 2 and 10 feet. Soils developed from these rocks and minerals form acid, infertile soils, with sandy loam surfaces. Many of the clayey subsoils are red or yellowish red due to the oxidized iron weathered from the primary minerals. Natural fertility is low; however, these soils respond well to liming and fertilization. Historically, much of the Piedmont region was cleared and farmed intensively, causing extreme erosion over much of the region. Before modern soil fertility and managerial practices were adapted to these soils, agricultural production diminished and most farms reverted to forests. Over two thirds of this region is wooded today. The best soils are still agriculturally productive through well managed soil fertility and erosion control plans.[3] The region contains several areas and stretches of land which are of relatively high agricultural value.[4]

The dialect associated with this region is Virginia Piedmont.

See also

References

  1. ^ Overview of the Physiography and Vegetation of Virginia. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  2. ^ Geographic Overview of Virginia's Natural Resources. Retrieved 22 July 2013. https://web.archive.org/web/20121228220059/http://www.dcr.virginia.gov/virginia_naturally/window_into_green_virginia/geographic-overview.shtml
  3. ^ Baker, James C. Soils of Virginia. Retrieved 22 July 2013. http://pubs.ext.vt.edu/424/424-100/PDF_part6.pdf
  4. ^ VCLNA Agricultural Model. Retrieved 22 July 2013. http://www.dcr.virginia.gov/natural_heritage/vclnaagric.shtml

External links

Coordinates: 38°24′28.9″N 77°43′6.5″W / 38.408028°N 77.718472°W

Appomattox County, Virginia

Appomattox County is a United States county located in the Piedmont region and near the center of the Commonwealth of Virginia. The county is part of the Lynchburg, VA Metropolitan Statistical Area, and its county seat is the town of Appomattox.Appomattox County was created in 1845 from sections of four other Virginia counties. The name of the county comes from the Appomattox River, which rises in the county, while the river was named for the Appamatuck Indians. The county is historically associated with the surrender of Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Court House, which effectively ended the American Civil War.

As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,973. This was an increase of more than 9 percent from the 13,705 reported in the 2000 census.

Blue Ridge Railroad (1849–1870)

The Blue Ridge Railroad was incorporated by the Commonwealth of Virginia in March 1849 to provide a state-financed crossing of the Blue Ridge Mountains for the Virginia Central Railroad, which it became a part of after completion.

Brockroad, Virginia

Brockroad is an unincorporated community named after a local road in Spotsylvania County, Virginia, in the United States.

Buckingham County, Virginia

Buckingham County is a rural United States county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, and containing the geographic center of the state. Buckingham County is part of the Piedmont region of Virginia, and the county seat is the town of Buckingham.Buckingham County was created in 1761 from the southeastern portion of Albemarle County and was predominantly farmland. The county was probably named in honor of the Duke of Buckingham, though the precise origin is uncertain. Several changes were made to the borders, until the existing boundaries were established in 1860.

As of the 2010 census, the county population was 17,146. The county experienced steady population growth over the preceding forty years. Buckingham is part of the Charlottesville Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Campbell County, Virginia

Campbell County is a United States county situated in the south central part of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Located in the Piedmont region of Virginia, Campbell borders the Blue Ridge Mountains. The county seat is Rustburg.Grounded on a tobacco cash crop economy, Campbell County was created in 1782 from part of Bedford County. The county was named in honor of General William Campbell, hero of the American Revolutionary War.

Campbell County is part of the Lynchburg, VA Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the county population is 54,842. The number of residents has grown steadily in every census after 1930, and the total population has more than doubled since that time.

Cid (soil)

Cid soil series is the name given to a soil which has developed from argillite or fine-grained metavolcanic rock in the Piedmont region of Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina. It is moderately well or somewhat poorly drained, and moderately deep. Acidity ranges from strong to extreme except where lime has been applied. Cultivated soils in this series grow corn, soybeans, small grains and hay; otherwise, mixed forests with numerous species of pine and oak are dominant.

Doeg people

The Doeg (also called Dogue, Taux, Tauxenent) were a Native American people who lived in Virginia. They spoke an Algonquian language and may have been a branch of the Nanticoke tribe, historically based on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. The Nanticoke considered the Algonquian Lenape as "grandfathers". The Doeg are known for a raid in July 1675 that contributed to colonists' uprising in Bacon's Rebellion.

John and Archibald Christian House

The John and Archibald Christian House (also known as the Lindsay House) is a historic residence near Tuscumbia, Alabama. The house was built in the 1830s by brothers John and Archibald Christian, who were among a group of settlers from the Piedmont region of Virginia who came to Tuscumbia in the 1820s and 1830s. The family had left the house by the 1860s, and in the late 19th century, it was the home of Governor Robert B. Lindsay. In the 1900s, the house was the center of a dairy farm, before it and the surrounding 50 acres (20 ha) were acquired by the Tennessee Valley Country Club in 1923. The country club uses the house as a social meeting area and caretaker's quarters.

Situated on a hill overlooking Tuscumbia, the house has a double-height portico flanked by six-over-six sash windows on each floor. Twin entrance doors lead into separate front rooms that were a portion of the house as originally built. Each room has an Adamesque mantel. A transverse rear hall was added around 1923, joining the main block with a detached kitchen. The main stairway to the second floor was moved to this hall, replacing separate stairhalls in the front rooms.The house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.

List of regions of the United States

This is a list of some of the regions in the United States. Many regions are defined in law or regulations by the federal government; others by shared culture and history; and others by economic factors.

Little River Rural Historic District

The Little River Rural Historic District encompasses a large rural landscape in northeastern Fauquier County. Covering some 23,000 acres (9,300 ha), the district extends from near The Plains in the south to near Middleburg in the north. On the east it is bounded by the Bull Run Mountains, and on the west by Cromwell's Run. The area's landscape typifies the characteristics of the Piedmont region of Virginia, and is devoid of high-density residential, commercial, or industrial activity. Land use is largely devoted to agricultural, equestrian, and hunting pursuits. There are a few places where mills historically operated, and there are three small village centers in the district. A portion of the Middleburg battlefield lies in the northern part of the district, and the district encompasses several previously listed areas, including the Burrland Farm Historic District, the Gen. William Mitchell House (a National Historic Landmark), the Waverly house, Old Denton, and Green Pastures.The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2014.

Meherrin

The Meherrin Nation is one of seven state-recognized nations of Native Americans in North Carolina. They reside in rural northeastern North Carolina, near the river of the same name on the Virginia-North Carolina border. Historically the Iroquoian-speaking tribe had lived in the Piedmont of Virginia but moved south in the early 18th century under pressure of English colonists' encroachment on their territory.

Assigned a reservation in the area of Hertford County, North Carolina in the early 18th century, they lost most of their land to encroachment by colonial settlers. They had maintained cultural continuity through supporting independent churches and schools. In the late 20th century, the people reorganized and established a government. In 1986 the Meherrin Nation was recognized by the state of North Carolina. The Meherrin have an enrollment of 900+ people.

Middleburg AVA

The Middleburg AVA is an American Viticultural Area located in the northern Piedmont region of Virginia, 50 miles (80 km) west of Washington, D.C.. It is named for the town of Middleburg, Virginia and is bounded by the Potomac River to the north and by mountains in other directions. The hardiness zone of the AVA is 7a.

Piedmont, Virginia

Piedmont, Virginia may refer to:

Piedmont, Augusta County, Virginia

Piedmont, Montgomery County, Virginia

Piedmont, Nelson County, Virginia

The Piedmont region of Virginia

Piedmont, West Virginia, once part of Virginia

Piedmont (United States)

The Piedmont is a plateau region located in the Eastern United States. It sits between the Atlantic coastal plain and the main Appalachian Mountains, stretching from New Jersey in the north to central Alabama in the south. The Piedmont Province is a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian division which consists of the Gettysburg-Newark Lowlands, the Piedmont Upland and the Piedmont Lowlands sections.The Atlantic Seaboard fall line marks the Piedmont's eastern boundary with the Coastal Plain. To the west, it is mostly bounded by the Blue Ridge Mountains, the easternmost range of the main Appalachians. The width of the Piedmont varies, being quite narrow above the Delaware River but nearly 300 miles (475 km) wide in North Carolina. The Piedmont's area is approximately 80,000 square miles (210,000 km2).The name "Piedmont" comes from the French term for the same physical region, literally meaning "foothill", ultimately from Latin "pedemontium", meaning "at the foot of the mountains", similar to the name of the Italian region of Piedmont (Piemonte), abutting the Alps.

Rapidan Dam Canal of the Rappahannock Navigation

The Rapidan Dam Canal of the Rappahannock Navigation is a canal intended to safely carry Batteaus, sturdy flat-bottomed boats used primarily for transporting cargo, around the rapids at the confluence of the Rappahannock and Rapidan Rivers. The Rapidan Canal, funded and constructed by The Rappahannock Company, consists of two different canals (the Old Rapidan Canal and the Rapidan Canal) built at different times. All of the Rappahannock Navigation, of which the Rapidan Canal is a part, is located in the Piedmont region of Virginia. The Confluence, the name used on maps of the day and sometimes maps of today to denote where the two rivers meet, is located where the borders of the Virginia Counties of Spotsylvania, Stafford and Culpeper meet but is owned by the City of Fredericksburg, Virginia. The Rapidan Canal was listed on the Virginia Landmarks Register (VLR) on June 19, 1973, and on the National Register of Historic Places on July 26, 1973.

Thornton Gap

Thornton Gap is a wind gap located in the Blue Ridge Mountains in Virginia separating the Shenandoah Valley from the Piedmont region of the state.

Warrenton, Virginia

Warrenton is a town in Fauquier County, Virginia, United States. The population was 9,611 at the 2010 census, up from 6,670 at the 2000 census. The estimated population in 2015 was 9,897. Warrenton is the county seat of Fauquier County. It is at the junction of U.S. Route 15, U.S. Route 17, U.S. Route 29, and U.S. Route 211. The town is in the Piedmont region of Virginia, east of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The well-known Airlie Conference Center is 3 miles (5 km) north of Warrenton, and the historic Vint Hill Farms military facility is 9 miles (14 km) east. Fauquier Hospital is located in the town. Surrounded by Virginia wine and horse country, Warrenton is a popular destination outside Washington, D.C.

Warrenton shares some services with the county, such as schools and the county landfill.

Westham, Virginia

Westham was an unincorporated town in Henrico County, Virginia. It is located in the present day area of Tuckahoe, Virginia. Westham was built at a transportation point on the James River. The James River flows free for several hundred miles from the west and Westham is located at the point where the Fall Line rocks prevented further river passage. Richmond, Virginia was built on the other side of the fall line where the river is navigable to the ocean. This made Westham the first destination for iron used in Revolutionary War. In later years, Canals and then Rail transport connected Westham to Richmond along the James River trade route. Westham was eventually absorbed into Richmond.

William Randolph II

William Randolph II (November 1681—October 19, 1741), also known as William Randolph Jr. or Councillor Randolph, was an American planter and politician. He was the Treasurer of Virginia and the oldest child of William Randolph and Mary Isham.

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