Pied bat

The pied bat (Niumbaha superba), or badger bat, is a rare species of vesper bat in the family Vespertilionidae.[2] It is the only species in the genus Niumbaha.[3] While not related in any way, the pied bat partly resembles a bee, with light yellow stripes and blotches on its body, the stripes being primarily on its back, but these are more vector-like and symmetrical and have more angles on each stripe. An interesting thing to note is that the pied bat is a completely unique bat. Biology professor DeeAnn Reeder, one of the species' discoverers, said, "Its cranial characters, its wing characters, its size, the ears – literally everything you look at doesn't fit. It's so unique that we need to create a new genus."[4]

Pied bat
(Niumbaha superba)
Niumbaha superba nostril shape and orientation - ZooKeys-285-089-g003-top-right.jpeg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Vespertilionidae
Genus: Niumbaha
Reeder, Helgen, Vodzak, Lunde & Ejotre, 2013
Species:
N. superba
Binomial name
Niumbaha superba
(Hayman, 1939)
Distribution map of Niumbaha superba - ZooKeys-285-089-g007.jpeg
Synonyms
  • Glauconycteris superba
    Hayman, 1939
  • Chalinolobus superbus
    (Hayman, 1939)

Taxonomy

First discovered in 1939 in Belgian Congo, the species was, at that time, placed in the genus Glauconycteris under the name Glauconycteris superba. Following a 2013 capture in South Sudan, only the fifth recorded capture of the species, the pied bat was determined to be of a new genus entirely, Niumbaha, named after the Zande word for "rare".[5][3]

Geographic range

It is found in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Ghana and South Sudan.[3]

Habitat

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

Conservation status

It is threatened by habitat loss.

References

  1. ^ Monadjem, A., Cotterill, F., Jacobs, D., Taylor, P.J. & Fahr, J. 2017. Glauconycteris superba. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T44799A22069930. Downloaded on 22 September 2017.
  2. ^ Simmons, N.B. (2005). "Order Chiroptera". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 487. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  3. ^ a b c Reeder, D.; Helgen, K. M.; Vodzak, M.; Lunde, D.; Ejotre, I. (2013). "A new genus for a rare African vespertilionid bat: Insights from South Sudan". ZooKeys. 285 (285): 89–115. doi:10.3897/zookeys.285.4892. PMC 3690973. PMID 23805046.
  4. ^ "Striped like a badger: New genus of bat identified in South Sudan". ScienceDaily. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
  5. ^ Platt, J. R. (2013-04-11). "Beautiful Striped Bat Identified as Entirely New Genus". Scientific American blogs. Scientific American. Archived from the original on 2013-04-18. Retrieved 2014-06-06. External link in |work= (help)

External links

Arielulus

Arielulus is a genus of vesper bats with the following species, sometimes in Pipistrellus:

Genus Arielulus

Collared pipistrelle (A. aureocollaris)

Black-gilded pipistrelle (A. circumdatus)

Coppery pipistrelle (A. cuprosus)

Social pipistrelle (A. societatis)

Necklace pipistrelle (A. torquatus)

Bangadilly National Park

Bangadilly National Park is a national park located around 20 km west of Bowral in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales. Established in 2001, it is made up of three separate, similarly sized areas of land totalling 2,141 hectares in area. It consists of sandstone plateaus and gorges bordering the Wingecarribee River.The park is covered by open eucalypt forest and woodland, of which nine specific vegetation communities have been catalogued. Common tree species on the plateaus include several from the Sydney Basin at the southwestern limits of their distribution, such as the grey gum (Eucalyptus punctata), silvertop ash (E. sieberi), hard-leaved scribbly gum (E. sclerophylla) and blue-leaved stringybark (E. agglomerata). Tablelands species are more common in the slopes and valleys and include the yellow box (E. melliodora), red stringybark (E. macrorhyncha), Argyle apple (E. cinerea), brittle gum (E. mannifera) and apple box (E. bridgesiana). Areas with deeper soils are home to the river peppermint (E. elata), manna gum (E. viminalis) and river oak (Casuarina cunninghamiana).Rare flora found in the national park include net-veined wattle (Acacia subtilinervis), narrow-leaved mallee ash (Eucalyptus apiculata) and (Pseudanthus divaricatissimus).Emus have been found in the park and the river is a key habitat for platypus.Rare fauna that have been found in the park include the powerful owl (Ninox strenua) glossy black cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus lathami), speckled warbler (Pyrrholaemus sagittatus) spotted-tailed quoll (Dasyurus maculatus), yellow-bellied glider (Petaurus australis), common bent-wing bat (Miniopterus schriebersii), large-eared pied bat (Chalinolobus dwyeri), greater broad-nosed bat (Scoteanax rueppelii), eastern false pipistrelle (Falsistrellus tasmaniensis), and koala (Phascolarctos cinereus). Other species likely to occur include the regent honeyeater (Anthochaera phrygia), turquoise parrot (Neophema pulchella), smoky mouse (Pseudomys fumeus), Australian masked owl (Tyto novaehollandiae), swift parrot (Lathamus discolor) and hooded robin (Melanodryas cucullata).The Mount Penang loop walk is a 3 km loop track in the northwestern section of the park that takes 2.5 to 3.5 hours to complete.

Barbastella

Barbastella is a small genus of vespertilionid bats. There are five described species in this genus.

Chalinolobus

Chalinolobus is a genus of bats, commonly known as pied, wattled, or long-tailed bats. They have fleshy lobes at the bottom edge of their ears and on their lower lips. The bats otherwise classified in the genus Glauconycteris are included in Chalinolobus by some zoologists.

Eptesicus

Eptesicus is a genus of bats, commonly called house bats or serotine bats, in the family Vespertilionidae.The 25 species within this genus are:

Little black serotine (Eptesicus andinus)

Bobrinski's serotine (Eptesicus bobrinskoi)

Botta's serotine (Eptesicus bottae)

Brazilian brown bat (Eptesicus brasiliensis)

Chiriquinan serotine (Eptesicus chiriquinus)

Diminutive serotine (Eptesicus diminutus)

Surat serotine (Eptesicus dimissus)

Horn-skinned bat (Eptesicus floweri)

Argentine brown bat (Eptesicus furinalis)

Big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus)

Gobi big brown bat (Eptesicus gobiensis)

Guadeloupe big brown bat (Eptesicus guadeloupensis)

Long-tailed house bat (Eptesicus hottentotus)

Harmless serotine (Eptesicus innoxius)

Meridional serotine (Eptesicus isabellinus)

Japanese short-tailed bat (Eptesicus japonensis)

Kobayashi's bat (Eptesicus kobayashii)

Eptesicus lobatus

Jamaican serotine (Eptesicus lynni)

Sind bat (Eptesicus nasutus)

Northern bat (Eptesicus nilssonii)

Thick-eared bat (Eptesicus pachyotis)

Lagos serotine (Eptesicus platyops)

Serotine bat (Eptesicus serotinus)

Eptesicus taddeii

Sombre bat (Eptesicus tatei)

Glauconycteris

Glauconycteris is a genus of vespertilionid bats in Africa.

Grey long-eared bat

The grey long-eared bat (Plecotus austriacus) is a fairly large European bat. It has distinctive ears, long and with a distinctive fold. It hunts above woodland, often by day, and mostly for moths. It is extremely similar to the more common brown long-eared bat, and was only distinguished in the 1960s, but has a paler belly.

Hypsugo

The genus Hypsugo contains many bats referred to as pipistrelles or pipistrelle bats. They belong to the family Vespertilionidae or vesper bats within the order Chiroptera.

Laephotis

Laephotis is a genus of bats in the family Vespertilionidae. Species within this genus are:

Angolan long-eared bat (Laephotis angolensis)

Botswanan long-eared bat (Laephotis botswanae)

Namib long-eared bat (Laephotis namibensis)

De Winton's long-eared bat (Laephotis wintoni)

Large-eared pied bat

The large-eared pied bat (Chalinolobus dwyeri) is a species of vesper bat in the family Vespertilionidae.

This vulnerable mammal can be found in Australia.

Little pied bat

The little pied bat (Chalinolobus picatus) is a species of vesper bat in the family Vespertilionidae. It is found only in semi-arid woodlands in eastern Australia.

Moloney's mimic bat

Moloney's mimic bat (Mimetillus moloneyi) is a species of vesper bat. It can be found in Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, and Zambia. It is found in subtropical or tropical dry or moist forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, dry and moist savanna.

Neoromicia

Neoromicia is a genus of vesper bat in the family Vespertilionidae.

It contains the following species:

Dark-brown serotine (Neoromicia brunneus)

Cape serotine (Neoromicia capensis)

Yellow serotine (Neoromicia flavescens)

Neoromicia grandidieri

Tiny serotine (Neoromicia guineensis)

Heller's pipistrelle (Neoromicia helios)

Isabelline white-winged serotine (Neoromicia isabella)

Isalo serotine (Neoromicia malagasyensis)

Malagasy serotine (Neoromicia matroka)

Melck's house bat (Neoromicia melckorum)

Banana pipistrelle (Neoromicia nana)

Rendall's serotine (Neoromicia rendalli)

Rosevear's serotine (Neoromicia roseveari)

Neoromicia robertsi

Somali serotine (Neoromicia somalicus)

Neoromicia stanleyi

White-winged serotine (Neoromicia tenuipinnis)

Aloe serotine (Neoromicia zuluensis)

Nyctalus

Nyctalus is a genus of vespertilionid bats commonly known as the noctule bats. They are distributed in the temperate and subtropical areas of Europe, Asia and North Africa.

There are eight species within this genus:

Birdlike noctule, Nyctalus aviator

Azores noctule, Nyctalus azoreum

Japanese noctule, Nyctalus furvus

Greater noctule bat, Nyctalus lasiopterus

Lesser noctule, Nyctalus leisleri

Mountain noctule, Nyctalus montanus

Common noctule, Nyctalus noctula

Chinese noctule, Nyctalus plancyi

Plecotus

The genus Plecotus consists of the long-eared bats. Many species in the genus have only been described and recognized in recent years.

Scotoecus

Scotoecus is a genus of bats in the family Vespertilionidae.

Scotophilus tandrefana

The western yellow bat (Scotophilus tandrefana) is a species of vesper bat endemic to Madagascar.

Somali serotine

The Somali serotine (Neoromicia somalica) is a species of vesper bat.

It is found in Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, and Zimbabwe.

Its natural habitats are dry savanna and moist savanna.

Vespertilioninae

The Vespertilioninae are a subfamily of vesper bats from the family Vespertilionidae.

Species of subfamily Vespertilioninae
Aeorestes
Antrozous
Arielulus
Barbastella
Bauerus
Chalinolobus
Corynorhinus
Dasypterus
Eptesicus
Euderma
Eudiscopus
Falsistrellus
Glauconycteris
Glischropus
Hesperoptenus
Histiotus
Hypsugo
Ia
Idionycteris
Laephotis
Lasionycteris
Lasiurus
Mimetillus
Neoromicia
Niumbaha
Nyctalus
Nycticeinops
Nycticeius
Nyctophilus
Otonycteris
Parastrellus
Perimyotis
Pharotis
Philetor
Pipistrellus
Plecotus
Rhogeessa
Scoteanax
Scotoecus
Scotomanes
Scotophilus
Scotorepens
Scotozous
Tylonycteris
Vespadelus
Vespertilio

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