Philippe Sudré Dartiguenave
|25th President of Haiti|
12 August 1915 – 15 May 1922
|Preceded by||Jean Vilbrun Guillaume Sam|
|Succeeded by||Louis Borno|
|Born||6 April 1863|
|Died||26 July 1926 (aged 63)|
|Spouse(s)||Marie Luce Pierre-Jacques |
Dartiguenave was a mulatto, born on 6 April 1863. Dartiguenave served as the President of the Senate of Haiti in 1910s. He served as President of Haïti from 12 August 1915 to 15 May 1922 in a government set up by the United States after its military occupation began on 27 July 1915 following an uprising which resulted in the death of President Vilbrun Guillaume Sam. He died on 26 July 1926.
Jean Vilbrun Guillaume Sam
| President of Haïti
The Chamber of Deputies (French: Chambre des Députés; Haitian Creole: Chanm Depite) is the lower house of Haiti's bicameral legislature, the National Assembly. The upper house of the National Assembly is the Senate of Haiti. The Chamber has 119 members (previously ninety-nine) who are elected by popular vote to four-year terms. There are no term limits for Deputies; they may be re-elected indefinitely.
In March 2015 a new electoral decree stated that the new Chamber of Deputies have 118 members, and the Senate will retain the 30 members. On 13 March, President Michel Martelly issued a decree that split the Cerca La Source in two constituencies, and therefore increasing the number of deputies up to 119.Gendarmerie of Haiti
The Gendarmerie of Haiti (French: Gendarmerie d'Haïti [ʒɑ̃daʁməʁi da.iti]), also known as the Haitian Constabulary, was a collaborationist gendarmerie raised by the United States during its occupation of Haiti in the early 20th century. Established in late 1915, the gendarmerie was operational from 1916 until 1928, during which time it was Haiti's only military force, earning a reputation for active interference in civilian government that may have set the stage for the future politicization of Haiti's armed forces.
From 1918 to 1920 the Gendarmerie of Haiti fought the Second Caco War, one of the so-called "Banana Wars". It was reorganized as the Garde d'Haïti in 1928, forming the nucleus of what would evolve into the modern Haitian army.Haiti during World War I
Following the United States declaration of war on Germany (1917), the Haitian government protested against the heavy German U-boat submarine activity in the area, and officially declared war on July 12, 1918.John Avery McIlhenny
John Avery McIlhenny (1867–1942) was an American businessman, soldier, politician and public servant. He was the eldest son of Tabasco sauce inventor Edmund McIlhenny.List of ambassadors of Haiti to Germany
The Haitian ambassador in Berlin is the official representative of the Government in Port-au-Prince to the Government of Germany.List of ambassadors of Haiti to the United States
The Haitian ambassador in Washington, D. C. is the official representative of the Government in Port-au-Prince to the Government of the United States.List of personal coats of arms of Presidents of Haiti
Many of the Presidents of Haiti have borne arms; largely via being part of the Haitian nobility during the periods when Haiti was a Kingdom and an Empire.List of state leaders in 1915
This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1915.List of state leaders in 1916
This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1916.List of state leaders in 1917
This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1917.List of state leaders in 1920
This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1920.List of state leaders in 1921
This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1921.List of state leaders in 1922
This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1922.Louis Borno
Eustache Antoine Francois Joseph Louis Borno (September 20, 1865 – July 29, 1942) was a lawyer and Haitian politician who served as President of Haiti from 1922 to 1930 during the period of the American occupation of Haiti (1915–34).Republic of Haiti (1859–1957)
The period of 1859 to 1957 in Haitian history covers an era of political struggles, the period of American occupation and multiple coups and elections until the Duvalier dynasty seized control of the country in 1957.Rosalvo Bobo
Pierre François Joseph Benoit Rosalvo Bobo or Rosalvo Bobo (1874–1929) was a Haitian politician who opposed the United States occupation of Haiti in 1915. He led the Cacos Rebellion in response to the landing of US Marines at Port au Prince on 28 July 1915. Admiral William B. Caperton ordered the troops in after the death of Jean Vilbrun Guillaume Sam. In this way Bobo was prevented from becoming president with Philippe Sudré Dartiguenave being installed as a US puppet. Bobo first fled to Cuba, but then moved on to Jamaica. He finally settled in France, where he died in 1929.Senate (Haiti)
The Senate (French: Sénat) is the upper house of Haiti's bicameral legislature, the National Assembly. The lower house of the National Assembly is the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate consists of thirty seats, with three members from each of the ten administrative departments. Prior to the creation of the department of Nippes in 2003, there were twenty-seven seats. Senators are elected by popular vote to six-year terms, with one-third elected every two years. There are no term limits for Senators; they may be re-elected indefinitely.
After the elections of 2000, twenty-six of the then twenty-seven seats were held by Jean-Bertrand Aristide's Fanmi Lavalas party. The Senate was not in session following the overthrow of Aristide's government in February 2004. An interim government was put in place following the rebellion, and the remaining Senators were not recognised during that time. The Senate was re-established and elections were held on 21 April 2006. The next elections were scheduled to occur in 2008, when one-third of the Senate seats was opened.
In 2015, the Senate was reduced to only 10 members and the chamber of deputies was closed because the elections to replace one-third of the senators and all of the deputies in 2013 were delayed indefinitely causing senators and deputies to finish their term in January 2015 without any replacement. This led to a dysfunctional National assembly. In the 2015 parliamentary elections these two-thirds were to be filled with new elected members, completing the 30 senators.Sténio Vincent
Sténio Joseph Vincent (February 22, 1874 – September 3, 1959) was President of Haiti from November 18, 1930 to May 15, 1941.Vilbrun Guillaume Sam
Jean Vilbrun Guillaume Sam (4 March 1859 – 28 July 1915) was President of Haiti from 4 March to 27 July 1915. He was a cousin of Tirésias Simon Sam, Haiti's president from 1896 to 1902.