Philippa of Guelders

Philippa of Guelders (French: Philippe de Gueldres[1]) (9 November 1467 – 28 February 1547), was a Duchess consort of Lorraine. She served as regent of Lorraine during the absence of her son.

Philippa of Guelders
CORD-Gisant Philippe Gueldre
Effigy of Philippa
Duchess of Lorraine
Tenure1 September 1485 – 10 December 1508
Born1462
Brabant
Died28 February 1547 (aged 79)
Convent of Poor Clares of Pont-à-Mousson
Burial
Cordeliers Convent, Nancy
SpouseRené II, Duke of Lorraine
Issue
Among others...
Antoine, Duke of Lorraine
Claude, Duke of Guise
John, Cardinal of Lorraine
Louis, Count of Vaudémont
HouseHouse of Egmond
FatherAdolf of Egmond
MotherCatharine of Bourbon
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Life

Philippa was born in Brabant in 1462,[2] the daughter of Adolf of Egmond and Catharine of Bourbon.[3] She was the twin of Charles, Duke of Guelders; they were born at Grave, Netherlands, and were their parents' only children. To strengthen the ties between the Kingdom of France and the Duchy of Lorraine, she was chosen as the bride of René II, Duke of Lorraine (1451–1508).[3] The marriage took place in Orléans on 1 September 1485.

After the death of her spouse in 1508, Philippa tried to assume the regency of the duchy in the name of her son Anthony, who was 19 years old, but it was decided that he was old enough to reign alone. However, when Duke Anthony left to serve in the French campaign in Italy in 1509, he appointed his mother Philippa to serve as regent in Lorraine during his absence. Her regency has been regarded as a wise one.

On 13 June 1509 she redeemed the lordship of Mayenne from Margaret of Vaudémont, Duchess of Alençon. She retired to the convent Clarisse to Pont-à-Mousson on 15 December 1519 where she remained until her death.[2] She was still a dominant figure in her family and often visited by her relatives, who treated her with great respect, and she maintained a reputation of piety and popularity with the public.

While at the convent Philippa commanded that a magnificent altarpiece be built for the congregation, it remained there until her death. She died at the Convent of Poor Clares of Pont-à-Mousson on 28 February 1547, aged seventy nine.[2] She had twelve children, ten of which predeceased her.

Family crypt

In 1528, Philippa's son Louis died of plague in 1528.[4] His heart was placed in a casket beneath the sepulchre and covered with a black velvet shroud with the arms of Lorraine, at the Convent of Pont-à-Mousson.[4] When Philippa died in 1547, she was buried at the convent.[4] In 1576, her Protestant cousin Louis, Prince of Condé, sheltered the convent from his troops.[4]

Children

Philippa and René had the following children:

References

  1. ^ Denis 1911, p. 424.
  2. ^ a b c d Carroll 2011, p. 24.
  3. ^ a b Hanawalt & Reyerson 1994, p. 240.
  4. ^ a b c d Carroll 2011, p. 34.
  5. ^ a b c d Carroll 2011, p. 310.

Sources

  • Carroll, Stuart (2011). Martyrs and Murderers: The Guise Family and the Making of Europe. Oxford University Press.
  • Denis, Paul (1911). Ligier Richier: l'artiste et son œuvre. Berger-Levrault.
  • Hanawalt, Barbara; Reyerson, Kathryn, eds. (1994). City and Spectacle in Medieval Europe. 6. University of Minnesota Press.
Philippa of Guelders
Born: 9 November 1467 Died: 28 February 1547
Preceded by
Joan, Countess of Tancarville
Duchess consort of Lorraine
1485–1508
Succeeded by
Renée of Bourbon
1467

Year 1467 (MCDLXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

1467 in France

Events from the year 1467 in France

1547

Year 1547 (MDXLVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Antoine, Duke of Lorraine

Antoine (4 June 1489 – 14 June 1544), known as the Good, was Duke of Lorraine from 1508 until his death in 1544.

Catherine of Lorraine (1573–1648)

Catherine of Lorraine (3 November 1573 – 7 March 1648) was the Abbess of Remiremont.

Charles, Duke of Guise

Charles de Lorraine, 4th Duke of Guise (2 August 1571 – 30 September 1640) was the son of Henry I, Duke of Guise and Catherine of Cleves.

Charles III, Duke of Lorraine

Charles III (18 February 1543 – 14 May 1608), known as the Great, was Duke of Lorraine from 1545 until his death.

He is the direct male ancestor of all rulers of the Habsburg-Lorraine dinasty, including all Emperors of Austria.

Claude, Duke of Chevreuse

Claude de Lorraine (5 June 1578 – 24 January 1657), also called Claude de Guise, was a French noble and husband of Marie de Rohan. He was the Duke of Chevreuse, a title which is today used by the Duke of Luynes.

Claude, Duke of Guise

Claude de Lorraine, duc de Guise (20 October 1496, Château de Condé-sur-Moselle, – 12 April 1550, Château de Joinville) was a French aristocrat and general. He became the first Duke of Guise in 1528.

He was a highly effective general for the French crown. His children and grandchildren were to lead the Catholic party in the French Wars of Religion.

Elisabeth of Lorraine

Elisabeth of Lorraine (9 October 1574 – 4 January 1635), was a Duchess and an Electress consort of Bavaria by marriage to Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria.

Francis II, Duke of Lorraine

Francis II (François de Lorraine; 27 February 1572 – 14 October 1632) was the son of Charles III, Duke of Lorraine and Claude of Valois. He was Duke of Lorraine briefly in 1625, quickly abdicating in favour of his son.

François de Lorraine

Francois de Lorraine (1506–1525) was the Lord of Lambesc, and a commander in the French army under Francis I of France. He was son of René II, Duke of Lorraine and Philippa of Guelders. He commanded the Black Band of renegade Landsknechts at the Battle of Pavia, and in the bitter combat that ensued between the Black Band and Frundsberg's Imperial Landsknechts, Lorraine was killed.

Philippa

Philippa is a given name meaning "lover of horses" or "horses' friend". Common alternative spellings include Filippa and Phillipa. Less common is Filipa and even Philippe (c.f the French spelling of Philippa of Guelders: Philippe de Gueldres). It is the feminine form of the masculine name Philip. It is composed of the Greek elements philein (to love) and hippos (horse), and is derived from the name of Alexander the Great's father, the ancient Greek king, Philip II of Macedon (aka Philippos, Filippos, and Pilipos), who was an avid horse lover. The name is commonly shortened to the nicknames Pippa, Pippy, and Pip. Notable people with the name Philippa include:

Saint Philippa, 3rd-century martyr and saint

Philippa Courtney, Australian journalist and television presenter

Philippa Boyens, New Zealand screenwriter

Philippa of England, daughter of Henry IV, Queen of Sweden, Denmark and Norway

Philippa Fawcett, English mathematician

Philippa Foot, British philosopher

Philippa Forrester, British television presenter and producer

Philippa Gregory, British novelist

Philippa of Hainault, queen consort of Edward III of England

Pippa Mann, British racing car driver

Philippa Middleton, English socialite, author, and sister of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge

Philippa Pearce, English children's author

Philippa Plantagenet, granddaughter of Edward III of England

Philippa Roet, English noblewoman and courtesan and wife of Geoffrey Chaucer

Philippa Schuyler, American pianist and child prodigy

Phillipa Soo, actress/singer

Philippa Tomson, English journalist and presenter

Philippa Whipple, British high court judge and barrister

Philippa of Lancaster, English princess, consort queen of Portugal

Philippa of Coimbra, Portuguese noblewoman and nun

Philippe of Dammartin

Philippe of Dammartin (Philippa de Dammartin) was a 13th-century noble woman. Philippe was the daughter of Simon of Dammartin, Count of Aumâle and his wife Marie of Ponthieu. She was the sister of Joan, Countess of Ponthieu, wife of Ferdinand III of Castile and mother of Eleanor of Castile, the wife of Edward I of England.

Philippe married three times.

1. Her first marriage was to Raoul II of Lusignan in ca 1239/40. Philippe was his third wife. They had no children, but she was the stepmother of Marie de Lusignan.

2. Her second marriage was to Raoul II, Lord of Coucy in ca. 1246. They had one child:

Enguerrand de Coucy, died young (before 1250).3. Her third marriage was to Otto II, Count of Guelders between 1252 and 1254. They had four children:

Reginald I, Count of Guelders.

Philippa of Guelders, who married Waleran II, Lord of Valkenburg.

Margaret of Guelders, who married Dietrich VII, Count of Cleves.

Maria of Guelders.

Renata of Lorraine

Renata of Lorraine (20 April 1544 – 22 May 1602), was by birth a member of the House of Lorraine and by marriage Duchess of Bavaria.

Born in Nancy, France, she was the second child and eldest daughter of Francis I, Duke of Lorraine and Christina of Denmark. Her paternal grandparents were Antoine, Duke of Lorraine and Renée of Bourbon-Montpensier and her maternal grandparents were Christian II of Denmark and Isabella of Austria.

René II, Duke of Lorraine

René II (2 May 1451 – 10 December 1508) was Count of Vaudémont from 1470, Duke of Lorraine from 1473, and Duke of Bar from 1483 to 1508. He claimed the crown of the Kingdom of Naples and the County of Provence as the Duke of Calabria 1480–1493 and as King of Naples and Jerusalem 1493–1508. He succeeded his uncle John of Vaudémont as Count of Harcourt in 1473, exchanging it for the county of Aumale in 1495. He succeeded as Count of Guise in 1504.

Renée of Bourbon

Renée of Bourbon, Duchess of Lorraine (1494 – 26 May 1539), also called, Renée, Lady of Mercœur, was a Duchess consort of Lorraine. She was a daughter of Gilbert de Bourbon, Count of Montpensier by Clara Gonzaga, and sister of Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon.

Yolande, Duchess of Lorraine

Yolande (2 November 1428, Nancy – 23 March 1483, Nancy), was Duchess of Lorraine (1473) and Bar (1480). She was the daughter of Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine, and René of Anjou (King of Naples, Duke of Anjou, Bar and Lorraine, Count of Provence). Though she was nominally in control of major territories, she ceded her power and titles to her husband and her son. In addition, her younger sister was Margaret of Anjou, Queen of England.

In the 19th century, a romanticised version of her early life was popularised by the play King René’s Daughter by Henrik Hertz, in which she is portrayed as a beautiful blind princess living in an isolated garden paradise. It was later adapted to Tchaikovsky's opera Iolanta. There is no evidence that she was ever blind.

Ancestors of Philippa of Guelders
16. Arnold I, Lord of Egmond
8. John II, Count of Egmond
17. Jolanthe of Leiningen
4. Arnold, Duke of Guelders
18. John V, Lord of Arkel
9. Maria van Arkel
19. Joanna of Jülich
2. Adolf II, Duke of Guelders
20. Adolph III, Count of Mark
10. Adolph I, Duke of Cleves
21. Margaret of Jülich
5. Catherine of Cleves
22. John the Fearless (= 14)
11. Marie of Burgundy
23. Margaret of Bavaria (= 15)
1. Philippa of Guelders
24. Louis II, Duke of Bourbon
12. John I, Duke of Bourbon
25. Anna d'Auvergne
6. Charles I, Duke of Bourbon
26. John, Duke of Berry
13. Marie, Duchess of Auvergne
27. Joanna of Armagnac
3. Catharine of Bourbon
28. Philip the Bold
14. John the Fearless (= 22)
29. Margaret III, Countess of Flanders
7. Agnes of Burgundy
30. Albert I, Duke of Bavaria
15. Margaret of Bavaria (= 23)
31. Margaret of Brieg

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