Philipp Veit

Philipp Veit (13 February 1793 – 18 December 1877) was a German Romantic painter. It is to Veit that the credit of having been the first to revive the nearly forgotten technique of fresco painting is due.[1]

Self portrait, 1816.
Philipp Veit 008
Germania, by Philipp Veit, 1836


Veit was born in Berlin, Prussia. He was the son of a banker Simon Veit and his wife Dorothea, daughter of Moses Mendelssohn, who subsequently left him to marry Friedrich Schlegel. Veit received his first art education in Dresden, where he was taught by Caspar David Friedrich,[2] and Vienna. Although a prodigious talent when it came to drawing, Veit was not comfortable with oil painting, for which reason in Vienna he took to the medium of watercolour. In Vienna, he made the acquaintance of Schlegel, and through him came to know several Viennese Romantics, one of whom was the poet and novelist Joseph von Eichendorff.[2] He was strongly influenced by, and joined, the Nazarene movement in Rome, where he worked for some years before moving to Frankfurt.[1]

Veit participated in the struggle against Napoleon in 1813–14, returning to Berlin for a short period. In 1815, he finished the Virgin with Christ and St John, a votive painting for the church of St James in Heiligenstadt, Vienna. The painting was inspired by the style of Pietro Perugino and Raphael.[2]

In Frankfurt, where his most important works are preserved at the Städel, he was active from 1830 to 1843 as director of the art collections and as professor of painting. From 1853 till his death in 1877 he held the post of director of the municipal gallery in Mainz. Like his fellow Nazarenes he was more draughtsman than painter, and though his sense of colour was stronger than that of Overbeck or Cornelius, his works are generally more of the nature of coloured cartoons than of paintings in the modern sense.[1]

Veit's principal work is the large fresco of The Introduction of Christianity into Germany by St Boniface, at the Städel. In the Frankfurt Cathedral is his Assumption, while the Alte Nationalgalerie of Berlin has his painting of The Two Marys at the Sepulchre.[1] An example of his romantic work is Germania, a national personification of Germany, located in the Städelsches Kunstinstitut.

Veit died in Mainz.

Paintings by Philipp Veit

Philipp Veit 004

Detail from a fresco at
the Villa Massimo

Philipp Veit - Allegory of Russia - WGA24350

"Allegory of Russia"

Bildnis der Freifrau von Bernus

Marie Freifrau von Bernus.

1819 Veit Religion anagoria

"Allegory of Religion"


  1. ^ a b c d  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Veit, Philipp" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 27 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 973.
  2. ^ a b c "Philipp Veit". Oxford Grove Art. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
1793 in art

Events from the year 1793 in art.

1848 in art

Events from the year 1848 in art.

1877 in art

Events from the year 1877 in art.

David Veit

David Veit (8 November 1771, in Breslau – 15 April 1814), was a German doctor and writer.

Germania (Philipp Veit)

Germania is a painting created by Philipp Veit in the years 1834 to 1836. Germania in general is a female personification of Germany. This painting is one of two side pictures of the big mural painting Introduction of the Arts to Germany by Christianity. The other side picture presents Italia. The fresco transferred to canvas measures 285 by 192 cm and is exhibited in the Städelsches Kunstinstitut in Frankfurt am Main.

Veit belonged to the artistic circle of the catholic and conservative Nazarener. They were impressed by the German Middle Ages. The Germania of this painting is not necessarily to understand as a national allegory of the contemporary debates of a united Germany. Much more it represents medieval imperial (secular) power that protects the arts. Italia symbolyses the Papal power.Often another Germania painting is attributed to Veit, too: that painting hung in the St. Paul's Church in the years 1848 and 1849 when the German National Assembly gathered in Frankfurt. The Germania of the St. Paul's Church, now in Nuremberg, might have been created by different artists but was apparently influenced by Veit's earlier Germania.

Germania (St. Paul's Church, Frankfurt am Main)

Germania is a painting created at the end of March 1848 during the Revolutions of 1848. This allegorical figure is represented with the Reichsadler, oak leaves (symbols of German strength), an olive branch (as a sign of peace), sometimes alternatively identified as a cannabis branch, and a banner.

It was hung in the National Assembly in Frankfurt's Paulskirche, where it concealed the organ. It was meant as a symbol of a united democratic Germany.

After the revolution, the painting belonged to the German Confederation but was not exhibited any more. After the dissolution of the German Confederation, the Bundesliquidationskommission gave the painting and other items of the National Assembly to the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg, in 1867.

The actual painter is unknown. Traditionally the painting is attributed to Philipp Veit since c. 1900. Apparently its allegorical language draws from Veit's Germania painting from 1834–1836. According to Rainer Schoch it might be a collaboration of several artists of the artistic circle Deutsches Haus.

Jakob Salomon Bartholdy

Jakob Ludwig Salomon Bartholdy (May 13, 1779 – July 27, 1825) was a Prussian diplomat, born Jakob Salomon in Berlin of Jewish parentage. His father was Levin Jakob Salomon and his mother was Bella Salomon, née Bella Itzig. Jakob was educated at the University of Halle. He took the additional surname 'Bartholdy' from a property owned by his family on his conversion to Reformed Christianity.

Bartholdy fought in the Austrian army against Napoleon, afterward entered the diplomatic service of Prussia, and accompanied the Allied armies to Paris in 1814, whence he was dispatched to Rome in the following year as Prussian Consul-General. He was a great patron of the arts. The revival of fresco painting amongst young German artists in Italy was due largely to his patronage. A group of artists composed of Johann Friedrich Overbeck, Peter von Cornelius, Philipp Veit, and Friedrich Wilhelm Schadow decorated a room of his palace with frescoes. His valuable collection of antiques was bought for the Berlin Museum of Art, while the frescos of his mansion at Rome, the so-called Casa Zuccari, were transferred by Stefano Bardini in 1886-87 to the Berlin National Gallery.Bartholdy's sister Lea was married to Abraham Mendelssohn, and Bartholdy persuaded him to adopt his 'Christian' surname (which he took from a property owned by his family on his conversion to Christianity) to differentiate the family from its connection with Abraham's father, the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn.

Joseph Anton Settegast

Joseph Anton Nikolaus Settegast (8 February 1813, Koblenz - 19 March 1890, Mainz) was a German church painter and one of the last representatives of the Nazarene movement.

List of painters by name beginning with "V"

Please add names of notable painters in alphabetical order.

Perin del Vaga (1499–1547)

Aramenta Dianthe Vail (1820–1888) American painter

Suzanne Valadon (1865–1938)

Juan de Valdés Leal (1622–1690)

Víctor Manuel García Valdés (1897–1967)

Nina Petrovna Valetova (born 1958)

Pierre Adolphe Valette (1876–1942)

Leo Valledor (1936–1989)

Félix Vallotton (1865–1925)

Louis Valtat (1869–1952)

Sir Anthony van Dyck (1599–1641)

Vincent Van Gogh (1853–1890)

Maksimilijan Vanka (1889–1963)

Bernard van Orley (1487 to 1491?–1541)

Raja Ravi Varma (1848–1906)

Kazys Varnelis (1917–2010), Lithiuanian/American abstract painter.

Remedios Varo (1908–1963)

Victor Vasarely (1908–1997)

Vladimir Vasicek (1919–2003)

Fyodor Vasilyev (1850–1873)

Apollinary Vasnetsov (1856–1933)

Viktor Vasnetsov (1848–1926)

Marie Vassilieff (1884–1957)

Serhii Vasylkivsky (1854–1917)

Gee Vaucher (born 1945)

Alonso Vázquez (1565–c. 1608)

Philipp Veit (1793–1877)

Diego Velázquez (1599–1660)

Jorge Velarde (born 1960)

Adriaen van de Velde (1636–1672)

Esaias van de Velde (1587–1630)

Henry van de Velde (1863–1957)

Willem van de Velde the Elder (1611–1693)

Willem van de Velde the Younger (1633–1707)

Petrus Van der Velden (1837–1913)

Alexey Venetsianov (1780–1847)

Adriaen van de Venne (1589–1662)

Cornelis Verbeeck (1590–1637)

Louis Mathieu Verdilhan (1875–1928)

Vasily Vereshchagin (1842–1904)

Fernand Verhaegen (1883–1975)

Jan Verkolje (1650–1693)

Johannes Vermeer (1632–1675)

Frederik Vermehren (1823–1910)

Jan Cornelisz Vermeyen (1500–1559)

Horace Vernet (1789–1863)

Paolo Veronese (1528–1588)

Andrea del Verrocchio (ca.1435–1488)

Johannes Cornelisz Verspronck (1600–1662)

Jan Victors (1619–1676)

Joseph-Marie Vien (1716–1809)

Maria Helena Vieira da Silva (1908–1992)

Egon von Vietinghoff (1903–1994)

Élisabeth-Louise Vigée-Le Brun (1755–1842)

Aníbal Villacís (born 1927)

Juan Villafuerte (1945–1977)

Romano Vio (1913–1984)

Eliseu Visconti (1866–1944), Brazilian impressionist painter

Ivan Yakovlevich Vishnyakov (1699–1761)

Claes Jansz. Visscher (1587–1652)

Keratza Vissulceva (1911–2004)

Oswaldo Viteri (born 1931)

Bartolomeo Vivarini (c. 1432–c. 1499)

Boris Vladimirski (1878–1950)

Maurice de Vlaminck (1876–1958)

Simon de Vlieger (1601–1653)

Hendrick Cornelisz. van Vliet (1612–1675)

Willem van der Vliet (1584–1642)

Zygmunt Vogel (1764–1826)

Karl Völker (1889–1962)

Alfredo Volpi (1896–1988)

Robert William Vonnoh (1858–1933)

Clark Voorhees (1871–1933)

Lucas Vorsterman

Wolf Vostell (1932–1998)

Simon Vouet (1590–1649)

Sebastian Vrancx (1573–1647)

Abraham de Vries (1590–1662)

Roelof van Vries (1630–1681)

Cornelisz Hendriksz Vroom, the Younger (1591–1661)

Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom (1566–1640)

Mikhail Vrubel (1856–1910)

Édouard Vuillard (1868–1940)

Beta Vukanović (1872–1972)

Évariste Vital Luminais (1821–1896)

Louise Seidler

Louise Seidler (15 May 1786, Jena - 7 October 1866, Weimar) was a German painter at the court of the grand dukes of Weimar, custodian of their art collection and a trusted friend of the poet Goethe and the painter Georg Friedrich Kersting.

Mendelssohn family

The Mendelssohn family are the descendants of the German Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn, and include his grandson, the composer Felix Mendelssohn and his granddaughter, the composer Fanny Mendelssohn.

Nazarene movement

The epithet Nazarene was adopted by a group of early 19th century German Romantic painters who aimed to revive honesty and spirituality in Christian art. The name Nazarene came from a term of derision used against them for their affectation of a biblical manner of clothing and hair style.

Peer Gynt (1934 film)

Peer Gynt is a 1934 German drama film directed by Fritz Wendhausen and starring Hans Albers, Lucie Höflich and Marieluise Claudius. It is based on the play Peer Gynt by Henrik Ibsen.

It was one of the most expensive productions made by Bavaria Film and involved location shooting in Norway. The film's sets were designed by the art directors Karl Vollbrecht and Hermann Warm.

People Who Travel (1938 German-language film)

Travelling People (German:Fahrendes Volk) is a 1938 German drama film directed by Jacques Feyder and starring Hans Albers, Françoise Rosay and Camilla Horn. It is a circus film. It premiered in Hamburg on 1 July 1938. A Separate French-language version People Who Travel (Les gens du voyage) was also released. While it was also directed by Feyder and starred Rosay, the rest of the cast were different.


The Städelschule (German pronunciation: [ˈʃtɛːdl̩ʃuːlə]), Staatliche Hochschule für Bildende Künste, is a tertiary school of art in Frankfurt am Main, in central Germany. It accepts about 20 students each year from 500 applicants, and has a total of approximately 140 students of visual arts and 50 of architecture. About 75% of the students are not from Germany, and courses are taught in English.

The Hunter of Fall (1936 film)

The Hunter of Fall (German: Der Jäger von Fall ) is a 1936 German drama film directed by Hans Deppe and starring Paul Richter, Franz Loskarn and Rolf Pinegger. It is based on the 1883 novel The Hunter of Fall by Ludwig Ganghofer.The film's sets were designed by Hans Kuhnert.

There Were Two Bachelors

There Were Two Bachelors (German: Es waren zwei Junggesellen) is a 1936 German comedy film directed by Franz Seitz and starring Manfred Koempel-Pilot, Adolf Gondrell and Joe Stöckel.A young doctor and his architect friend arrive in a small town to take over the medical practice of his uncle. However the locals all stay away at first. However he eventually succeeds in turning it into a successful spa. In the process they both find love.

Sons of Mendel Dessau
Moses Mendelssohn's children
Abraham Mendelssohn's children
Other descendants of Moses
Related articles
Theologians and
Visual artists
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