Philip de' Medici

Philip de' Medici (May 20, 1577 – March 29, 1582) was the youngest child of Francesco I de' Medici and Joanna of Austria. He was the heir to the Tuscan throne.

Giovanni Bizzelli - Giovanna d%27Austria e suo figlio don Filippino de%27 Medici - 1586
Philip and his mother


Philip received his name in honour of the King Philip II of Spain. The birth was celebrated with great joy by all the court, because thus was secured the succession of the Grand Duchy for another generation and eliminated all the hopes of Bianca Cappello (his father's mistress) to have her "son" Antonio as heir of Tuscany. Philip became Grand Prince of Tuscany.

When he was not quite eleven months old, his mother died in an accident falling down the stairs of the ducal apartments while heavily pregnant. His father then married Bianca Cappello. Philip was one of seven children, but only two of the children survived till adulthood, Eleonora de' Medici and Marie de' Medici (who became queen consort of France). He had another sister Anna who died aged fourteen. Philip died on 29 March 1582; he was four years old, and suffered from hydrocephalus: when his skull was opened, the equivalent of about a glass of water came out. Recent study of his remains have confirmed the diagnosis.[1]


  1. ^ [1], Gino Fornaciari, Angelica Vitiello, Sara Giusiani, Valentina Giuffra, Antonio Fornaciari, Natale Villari, The Medici Project: First Anthropological and Paleopathological Results. (retrieved 23 January 2011).


Ancestors of Philip de' Medici
Giovanni de' Medici il Popolano
Giovanni dalle Bande Nere
Caterina Sforza
Cosimo I de' Medici
Jacopo Salviati
Maria Salviati
Lucrezia de' Medici
Francesco I de' Medici
Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo
Pedro Álvarez de Toledo
Isabel de Zúñiga y Pimentel
Eleonora of Toledo
Luís de Pimentel y Pacheco
Maria Osorio
Juana de Osorio y Bazán
Eleonora de' Medici
Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
Philip I of Castile
Mary of Burgundy
Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand II of Aragon
Joanna of Castile
Isabella I of Castile
Joanna of Austria
Casimir IV Jagiellon
Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary
Elisabeth of Austria
Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
Gaston de Foix
Anna of Foix-Candale
Infanta Catherine of Navarre

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