Philip William of Neuburg, Elector Palatine (German: Philipp Wilhelm) (24 November 1615 – 2 September 1690) was Count Palatine of Neuburg from 1653 to 1690, Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1653 to 1679 and Elector of the Palatinate from 1685 to 1690. He was the son of Wolfgang Wilhelm, Count Palatine of Neuburg and Magdalene of Bavaria.
Count Palatine of Neuburg
Philip William in 1685
|Born||24 November 1615|
New Palace, Gießen, Germany
|Died||2 September 1690 (aged 74)|
Neuburg an der Donau, Germany
Anna Catherine Constance Vasa
(m. 1642; her death 1651)
Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
(m. 1653; his death 1690)
|Eleonor Madeleine, Holy Roman Empress|
John William, Elector Palatine
Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine
Alexander Sigismund, Bishop of Augsburg
Francis Louis, Archbishop of Trier
Maria Sophia, Queen of Portugal
Maria Anna, Queen of Spain
Dorothea Sophie, Duchess of Parma
Hedwig Elisabeth, Princess Sobieski
|Father||Wolfgang William, Count Palatine of Neuburg|
|Mother||Magdalene of Bavaria|
In 1685, with the death of his Protestant cousin, the Elector Palatine Charles II, Philip William inherited the Electorate of the Palatinate, which thus switched from a Protestant to a Catholic territory. Charles II's sister, now the Duchess of Orléans and Louis XIV's sister-in-law, also claimed the Palatinate. This was the pretext for the French invasion in 1688, which began the Nine Years War.
Philip William married twice. He first married Princess Anna Catherine Constance Vasa, daughter of Sigismund III Vasa and Constance of Austria. The couple had a son who died at birth. Anne Catherine Constance herself died in 1651.
In 1653 Philipp Wilhelm married Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt. This second marriage lasted 37 years and was regarded as extremely happy. They had 17 children, including the next two Palatine Electors, John William and Charles III Philip, as well as Elector-Archbishop Franz Ludwig von Pfalz-Neuburg. Many of these children have descendants today. In the early years of their marriage, the couple lived in Düsseldorf, where they founded churches and monasteries.
|Ancestors of Philip William, Elector Palatine|
Media related to Philip William, Elector Palatine at Wikimedia Commons
Philip William, Elector PalatineBorn: 1615 Died: 1690
| Count Palatine of Neuburg
| Duke of Jülich and Berg|
| Elector Palatine|
On November 10, 1673, Michael Korybut Wiśniowiecki, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, suddenly died in Lwów. The Polish throne was vacant again, so another free election was necessary. As in 1669,the main candidates were French Duke Louis, Grand Conde, Philip William, Elector Palatine (both supported by Louis XIV of France), and Charles V, Duke of Lorraine.
Hetman John Sobieski, who was a very influential figure in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, did not express interest in the Polish crown, and before the election stated that he did wish to be elected. Sobieski was hated by Lithuanian magnates of the Pac family, who in January 1674, during the Convocation Sejm, demanded that a bill prohibiting native Poles (or Piasts) from running in the election should be introduced.
The very fact that the Pac family promoted such a bill means that Sobieski was regarded by many as a possible candidate. His name was mentioned by envoys of the House of Habsburg, and by French newspaper La Gazette. French diplomats later stated that Sobieski himself hesitated between running in the election, and supporting the Grand Conde.
The election began on Saturday, June 19, 1674. Despite the protests of Lithuanians, the Bishop of Kraków Andrzej Trzebicki initiated the process, by singing the hymn Veni Sancte Spiritus. The next day, Sunday, June 20, was dedicated to religious ceremonies and behind the scenes negotiations. On Monday, June 21, the Bishop of Vilnius, Michał Pac stated that Lithuania agreed to the Piast candidate. In the afternoon of the same day, John III Sobieski became King of Poland.1690 Imperial election
The imperial election of 1690 was an imperial election held to select the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. It took place in Augsburg on January 23.Aleksander Kazimierz Sapieha
Aleksander Kazimierz Sapieha (13 May 1624 – 22 May 1671) was a Polish nobleman. He became bishop of Samogitia in 1660 and of Vilnius in 1667.
After the abdication of Jan Kazimierz, he initially supported the candidacy of Philip William, Elector Palatine, the son-in-law of Sigismund III Vasa, but later supported the successful election of Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki.Anna Catherine Constance Vasa
Anna Catherine Constance Vasa of Poland (Polish: Anna Katarzyna Konstancja Waza; 7 August 1619 in Warsaw – 8 October 1651 in Cologne) was a Polish princess, daughter of King Sigismund III Vasa and his second wife Constance of Austria.Countess Palatine Maria Anna of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
Countess Palatine Maria Anna of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler (18 July 1753 – 4 February 1824) was Countess Palatine of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen and Duchess in Bavaria, through her marriage to Duke Wilhelm in Bavaria. Maria Anna was a great-grandmother of Empress Elisabeth of Austria through his son Duke Pius August in BavariaGeorge II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
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He married Sophia Eleonore of Saxony on 1 April 1627. From 1645 to 1648 he led the so-called Hessenkrieg against the Landgravine Amalie Elizabeth of Hesse-Kassel over the inheritance of the extinct line of Hesse-Marburg. This conflict resulted in the loss of Hesse-Marburg to Hesse-Kassel.Infanta Benedita of Portugal
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Maria Doroteia of Braganza (Maria Francisca Doroteia Josefa Antónia Gertrudes Rita Joana Efigénia; 21 September 1739 – 14 January 1771), was a Portuguese infanta daughter of King Joseph I of Portugal and his wife Mariana Victoria of Spain.Infante Alexandre of Portugal
Infante Alexandre (Alexandre Francisco José António Nicolau ; English: Alexander Francis Joseph Anthony Nicholas) was a Portuguese infante, the last child of John V, King of Portugal, and his wife Maria Anna of Austria.Infante Antonio Pascual of Spain
Infante Antonio Pascual Francisco Javier Juan Nepomuceno Aniello Raimundo Silvestre of Spain (31 December 1755 – 20 April 1817) was a son of King Charles III of Spain and younger brother of King Charles IV of Spain and King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies.José, Prince of Brazil
D. José, Prince of Brazil, Duke of Braganza (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒuˈzɛ]; 20 August 1761 – 11 September 1788) was the heir apparent to the Kingdom of Portugal until his death in 1788, as the eldest child of Queen Maria I of Portugal and King Pedro III of Portugal, members of the House of Braganza.
José died of smallpox at the age of 27, causing his younger and ill-prepared brother, Infante João, to become heir-apparent and eventually King. João's reign would be a turbulent one, seeing the Napoleonic invasion of Portugal and the loss of the Portuguese Empire's largest and wealthiest colony, Brazil.João, Prince of Brazil
João, Prince of Brazil (Lisbon, 30 August 1688 - Lisbon, 17 September 1688) was the first child of Pedro II of Portugal and Maria Sophia of Neuburg. He was made Prince of Brazil and Duke of Braganza upon his birth. He died at the age of three weeks.Magdalene of Bavaria
Magdalene of Bavaria (4 July 1587 – 25 September 1628) was a princess member of the House of Wittelsbach by birth and Countess Palatine of Neuburg and Duchess of Jülich-Berg by marriage.
She was born in Munich, Bavaria, the tenth and youngest child of William V, Duke of Bavaria and Renata of Lorraine.Neuburg Castle (Bavaria)
The Neuburg Castle (German: Schloss Neuburg) is a palace in Neuburg an der Donau, Upper Bavaria.Pedro, Prince of Brazil
Pedro, Prince of Brazil (Lisbon, 19 October 1712 – Lisbon, 29 October 1714) was the second child of John V of Portugal and Maria Ana of Austria. He was made Prince of Brazil and Duke of Braganza upon his birth. He died at the age of two, making his brother Joseph (future Joseph I of Portugal) the new Prince of Brazil.Peter III of Portugal
Peter III (Portuguese: Pedro III) (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpedɾu tɨɾ.ˈsej.ɾu]) (5 July 1717 – 25 May 1786) became King of Portugal jure uxoris by the accession of his wife and niece Queen Maria I in 1777, and co-reigned alongside her until his death.Philip William
Philip William may refer to:
Philip William, Prince of Orange (1554 – 1618), Prince of Orange and Knight of the Golden Fleece
Philip William, Elector Palatine (1615 – 1690), Count Palatine of Neuburg, Duke of Jülich and Berg, Elector of the Palatinate
Philip William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt (1669 – 1711), Prussian Prince, governor of MagdeburgWolfgang George Frederick von Pfalz-Neuburg
Wolfgang George Frederick Franz von Pfalz-Neuburg (5 June 1659 – 4 June 1683) was an Auxiliary Bishop in the Diocese of Köln and elected Prince-Bishop of Breslau (Wrocław) shortly before his death.