Philip William, Elector Palatine

Philip William of Neuburg, Elector Palatine (German: Philipp Wilhelm) (24 November 1615 – 2 September 1690) was Count Palatine of Neuburg from 1653 to 1690, Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1653 to 1679 and Elector of the Palatinate from 1685 to 1690. He was the son of Wolfgang Wilhelm, Count Palatine of Neuburg and Magdalene of Bavaria.

Philip William
Elector Palatine
Count Palatine of Neuburg
Anonym Herzog Philipp Wilhelm
Philip William in 1685
Born24 November 1615
New Palace, Gießen, Germany
Died2 September 1690 (aged 74)
Vienna, Austria
Burial
Neuburg an der Donau, Germany
Spouse
Anna Catherine Constance Vasa
(m. 1642; her death 1651)

Issue
Detail
Eleonor Madeleine, Holy Roman Empress
John William, Elector Palatine
Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine
Alexander Sigismund, Bishop of Augsburg
Francis Louis, Archbishop of Trier
Maria Sophia, Queen of Portugal
Maria Anna, Queen of Spain
Dorothea Sophie, Duchess of Parma
Hedwig Elisabeth, Princess Sobieski
HouseWittelsbach
FatherWolfgang William, Count Palatine of Neuburg
MotherMagdalene of Bavaria

Life

In 1685, with the death of his Protestant cousin, the Elector Palatine Charles II, Philip William inherited the Electorate of the Palatinate, which thus switched from a Protestant to a Catholic territory. Charles II's sister, now the Duchess of Orléans and Louis XIV's sister-in-law, also claimed the Palatinate. This was the pretext for the French invasion in 1688, which began the Nine Years War.

Marriages

Philip William married twice. He first married Princess Anna Catherine Constance Vasa, daughter of Sigismund III Vasa and Constance of Austria. The couple had a son who died at birth. Anne Catherine Constance herself died in 1651.

In 1653 Philipp Wilhelm married Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt. This second marriage lasted 37 years and was regarded as extremely happy. They had 17 children, including the next two Palatine Electors, John William and Charles III Philip, as well as Elector-Archbishop Franz Ludwig von Pfalz-Neuburg. Many of these children have descendants today. In the early years of their marriage, the couple lived in Düsseldorf, where they founded churches and monasteries.

Issue

Issue
Name Portrait Lifespan Notes
Eleonor Magdalene
Holy Roman Empress
Eleonore of Pfalz Neuburg 6 January 1655-
19 January 1720
Married in 1676 Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor and had issue;
Maria Adelheid Anna
6 January 1656-
22 December 1656
Died in infancy
Sophia Elisabeth
25 May 1657-
7 February 1658
Died in infancy
Johann Wilhelm
Elector Palatine
Jan Frans van Douven 003 19 April 1658-
8 June 1716
Married first Archduchess Maria Anna Josepha of Austria and had issue;

married second Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici and had no issue

Wolfgang George Frederik
Auxiliary Bishop in Köln
1659 Wolfgang 5 June 1659-
4 June 1683
Died unmarried
Ludwig Anton
Bishop of Worms
1660 Ludwig 9 June 1660-
4 May 1694
Died unmarried
Charles III Philip
Elector Palatine
Pieter van der Werff 002 4 November 1661-
31 December 1742
Married first Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł and had issue;

married second Teresa Lubomirska and had issue; married third Violante Theresia of Thurn and Taxis, no issue

Alexander Sigismund
Bishop of Augsburg
1663 Alexander 16 April 1663-
24 January 1737
Died unmarried
Francis Louis
Count Palatine
Archbishop of Wrocław
Franz Ludwig von Pfalz-Neuburg, Portrait 18 July 1664-
6 April 1732
Died unmarried
Frederik Wilhelm
Imperial General
FriedrichWilhelmPfalzNeuburg 20 July 1665-
23 July 1689
Died unmarried
Maria Sophia Elisabeth
Queen of Portugal
Mariasofianeuburgo 6 August 1666-
4 August 1699
Married in 1687 Peter II of Portugal and had issue
Maria Anna
Queen of Spain
Marie-Anne de Neubourg, reine d'Espagne 28 October 1667-
16 July 1740
Married in 1690 Charles II of Spain, no issue;
Philip William August
Pieter van der Werff 001 19 November 1668-
5 April 1693
Married in 1690 Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg and had issue
Dorothea Sophie
Duchess of Parma
Dorothea Sophia of Neuburg, duchess of Parma 5 July 1670-
15 September 1748
Married in 1690 Odoardo Farnese and had issue;
Hedwig Elisabeth Amelia
Princess Sobieski
Hedwig Elisabeth, Pfalzgräfin bei Rhein zu Neuburg by Adriaen van der Werff 18 July 1673-
10 August 1722
Married in 1691 James Louis Sobieski and had issue;
Johann
1 February 1675-
2 February 1675
Died in infancy
Leopoldine Eleonora Josepha
1679 Leopoldina 27 May 1679 -
8 March 1693
Died unmarried

Ancestry

Ancestors of Philip William, Elector Palatine
16. Louis II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
8. Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
17. Elisabeth of Hesse
4. Philipp Ludwig of Pfalz-Neuburg
18. Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
9. Anna of Hesse
19. Christine of Saxony
2. Wolfgang Wilhelm, Count Palatine of Neuburg
20. John III, Duke of Cleves
10. William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
21. Maria of Jülich-Berg
5. Anna of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
22. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
11. Archduchess Maria of Austria
23. Anne of Bohemia and Hungary
1. Philip William, Elector Palatine
24. William IV, Duke of Bavaria
12. Albert V, Duke of Bavaria
25. Marie of Baden-Sponheim
6. William V, Duke of Bavaria
26. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (= 22)
13. Archduchess Anna of Austria
27. Anne of Bohemia and Hungary (= 23)
3. Magdalene of Bavaria
28. Antoine, Duke of Lorraine
14. Francis I, Duke of Lorraine
29. Renée of Bourbon-Montpensier
7. Renata of Lorraine
30. Christian II of Denmark
15. Christina of Denmark
31. Isabella of Austria

External links

Media related to Philip William, Elector Palatine at Wikimedia Commons

Philip William, Elector Palatine
Born: 1615 Died: 1690
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Wolfgang Wilhelm
Count Palatine of Neuburg
1653–1690
Succeeded by
Johann Wilhelm
Duke of Jülich and Berg
1653–1679
Preceded by
Charles II
Elector Palatine
1685–1690
1674 Polish–Lithuanian royal election

On November 10, 1673, Michael Korybut Wiśniowiecki, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, suddenly died in Lwów. The Polish throne was vacant again, so another free election was necessary. As in 1669,the main candidates were French Duke Louis, Grand Conde, Philip William, Elector Palatine (both supported by Louis XIV of France), and Charles V, Duke of Lorraine.

Hetman John Sobieski, who was a very influential figure in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, did not express interest in the Polish crown, and before the election stated that he did wish to be elected. Sobieski was hated by Lithuanian magnates of the Pac family, who in January 1674, during the Convocation Sejm, demanded that a bill prohibiting native Poles (or Piasts) from running in the election should be introduced.

The very fact that the Pac family promoted such a bill means that Sobieski was regarded by many as a possible candidate. His name was mentioned by envoys of the House of Habsburg, and by French newspaper La Gazette. French diplomats later stated that Sobieski himself hesitated between running in the election, and supporting the Grand Conde.

The election began on Saturday, June 19, 1674. Despite the protests of Lithuanians, the Bishop of Kraków Andrzej Trzebicki initiated the process, by singing the hymn Veni Sancte Spiritus. The next day, Sunday, June 20, was dedicated to religious ceremonies and behind the scenes negotiations. On Monday, June 21, the Bishop of Vilnius, Michał Pac stated that Lithuania agreed to the Piast candidate. In the afternoon of the same day, John III Sobieski became King of Poland.

1690 Imperial election

The imperial election of 1690 was an imperial election held to select the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. It took place in Augsburg on January 23.

Aleksander Kazimierz Sapieha

Aleksander Kazimierz Sapieha (13 May 1624 – 22 May 1671) was a Polish nobleman. He became bishop of Samogitia in 1660 and of Vilnius in 1667.

After the abdication of Jan Kazimierz, he initially supported the candidacy of Philip William, Elector Palatine, the son-in-law of Sigismund III Vasa, but later supported the successful election of Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki.

Anna Catherine Constance Vasa

Anna Catherine Constance Vasa of Poland (Polish: Anna Katarzyna Konstancja Waza; 7 August 1619 in Warsaw – 8 October 1651 in Cologne) was a Polish princess, daughter of King Sigismund III Vasa and his second wife Constance of Austria.

Countess Palatine Maria Anna of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld

Countess Palatine Maria Anna of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler (18 July 1753 – 4 February 1824) was Countess Palatine of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen and Duchess in Bavaria, through her marriage to Duke Wilhelm in Bavaria. Maria Anna was a great-grandmother of Empress Elisabeth of Austria through his son Duke Pius August in Bavaria

George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

George II of Hesse-Darmstadt, German: Georg II von Hessen-Darmstadt (Darmstadt, 17 March 1605 – 11 June 1661) was the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1626 - 1661. He was the son of Ludwig V and Magdalene of Brandenburg.

He married Sophia Eleonore of Saxony on 1 April 1627. From 1645 to 1648 he led the so-called Hessenkrieg against the Landgravine Amalie Elizabeth of Hesse-Kassel over the inheritance of the extinct line of Hesse-Marburg. This conflict resulted in the loss of Hesse-Marburg to Hesse-Kassel.

Infanta Benedita of Portugal

Maria Benedita of Braganza (Maria Francisca Benedita Ana Isabel Antónia Lourença Inácia Teresa Gertrudes Rita Rosa; 25 July 1746 – 18 August 1829) was a Portuguese infanta and the youngest daughter of King Joseph I of Portugal and his wife Mariana Victoria of Spain.

Infanta Maria Doroteia of Portugal

Maria Doroteia of Braganza (Maria Francisca Doroteia Josefa Antónia Gertrudes Rita Joana Efigénia; 21 September 1739 – 14 January 1771), was a Portuguese infanta daughter of King Joseph I of Portugal and his wife Mariana Victoria of Spain.

Infante Alexandre of Portugal

Infante Alexandre (Alexandre Francisco José António Nicolau ; English: Alexander Francis Joseph Anthony Nicholas) was a Portuguese infante, the last child of John V, King of Portugal, and his wife Maria Anna of Austria.

Infante Antonio Pascual of Spain

Infante Antonio Pascual Francisco Javier Juan Nepomuceno Aniello Raimundo Silvestre of Spain (31 December 1755 – 20 April 1817) was a son of King Charles III of Spain and younger brother of King Charles IV of Spain and King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies.

José, Prince of Brazil

D. José, Prince of Brazil, Duke of Braganza (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒuˈzɛ]; 20 August 1761 – 11 September 1788) was the heir apparent to the Kingdom of Portugal until his death in 1788, as the eldest child of Queen Maria I of Portugal and King Pedro III of Portugal, members of the House of Braganza.

José died of smallpox at the age of 27, causing his younger and ill-prepared brother, Infante João, to become heir-apparent and eventually King. João's reign would be a turbulent one, seeing the Napoleonic invasion of Portugal and the loss of the Portuguese Empire's largest and wealthiest colony, Brazil.

João, Prince of Brazil

João, Prince of Brazil (Lisbon, 30 August 1688 - Lisbon, 17 September 1688) was the first child of Pedro II of Portugal and Maria Sophia of Neuburg. He was made Prince of Brazil and Duke of Braganza upon his birth. He died at the age of three weeks.

Magdalene of Bavaria

Magdalene of Bavaria (4 July 1587 – 25 September 1628) was a princess member of the House of Wittelsbach by birth and Countess Palatine of Neuburg and Duchess of Jülich-Berg by marriage.

She was born in Munich, Bavaria, the tenth and youngest child of William V, Duke of Bavaria and Renata of Lorraine.

Neuburg Castle (Bavaria)

The Neuburg Castle (German: Schloss Neuburg) is a palace in Neuburg an der Donau, Upper Bavaria.

Pedro, Prince of Brazil

Pedro, Prince of Brazil (Lisbon, 19 October 1712 – Lisbon, 29 October 1714) was the second child of John V of Portugal and Maria Ana of Austria. He was made Prince of Brazil and Duke of Braganza upon his birth. He died at the age of two, making his brother Joseph (future Joseph I of Portugal) the new Prince of Brazil.

Peter III of Portugal

Peter III (Portuguese: Pedro III) (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpedɾu tɨɾ.ˈsej.ɾu]) (5 July 1717 – 25 May 1786) became King of Portugal jure uxoris by the accession of his wife and niece Queen Maria I in 1777, and co-reigned alongside her until his death.

Philip William

Philip William may refer to:

Philip William, Prince of Orange (1554 – 1618), Prince of Orange and Knight of the Golden Fleece

Philip William, Elector Palatine (1615 – 1690), Count Palatine of Neuburg, Duke of Jülich and Berg, Elector of the Palatinate

Philip William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt (1669 – 1711), Prussian Prince, governor of Magdeburg

Wolfgang George Frederick von Pfalz-Neuburg

Wolfgang George Frederick Franz von Pfalz-Neuburg (5 June 1659 – 4 June 1683) was an Auxiliary Bishop in the Diocese of Köln and elected Prince-Bishop of Breslau (Wrocław) shortly before his death.

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