|Philip Morris USA|
The company's namesake Philip Morris was born in Whitechapel, United Kingdom in 1835, the son of a recent immigrant from Germany who had taken the name Bernard Morris. In 1847, the family opened a shop in London. The first cigarettes that Philip Morris made were in 1854 and were known as "Philip Morris English Ovals," a non-filter brand of oval-shaped cigarettes that were manufactured in very limited quantities until discontinuation in 2017.
In 1902, Philip Morris & Co. Ltd. was incorporated in New York City. George J. Whelan bought the American division of the company in 1919 and created Philip Morris & Co. Ltd., Inc., along with fellow shareholders Reuben M. Ellis and Leonard B. McKitterick.
In 1929, the company made its first cigarettes in Richmond, using an existing factory the company purchased. In 1933, this factory was racially integrated more than 30 years before the law required it. In 1938, the company offered preferred stock to ordinary buyers.
In 1924, Philip Morris began advertising Marlboros specifically to women. The cigarettes had "new cork-tip filters housed in a flip-top box with a red roof design."
From 1951 to 1955, Philip Morris sponsored the CBS sitcom "I Love Lucy", with Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz pitching the product often, and Philip Morris controlling the content of the program. In 1955, Philip Morris became an alternate sponsor with Procter and Gamble, eventually bowing out altogether by the end of that year.
In 1970, Philip Morris made the first of several acquisitions with the purchase of Miller Brewing Company. In 1985, Philip Morris Companies Inc. became a holding company and the parent of Philip Morris Inc. and bought General Foods. The acquisition of Kraft Foods came in 1988, after which Kraft and General Foods became Kraft General Foods.
In the 1970s, in response to smokers’ health concerns, Philip Morris introduced the “Light” cigarette - which was later found to be no safer than any others.
In 1976, Marlboro became the leading brand in the U.S.; Morris operated as the largest seller of tobacco in the U.S. and the second-largest in the world.
In 2001, Kraft Foods launched an initial public offering (IPO) for 11.1% of the company that took in $8.7 billion, making it the second-largest IPO in American history at the time.
On January 27, 2003, Philip Morris Companies Inc. changed its name to Altria Group, Inc. Even under this new name, Altria continues to own 100% of Philip Morris USA (abbreviated PM USA). Some view this name change as an effort by Altria to de-emphasize its historical association with tobacco products.
In the fall of 2003, Philip Morris USA moved its headquarters from New York City to Richmond, Virginia. On March 30, 2007, the remaining 88.9% stake in Kraft Foods was spun off to shareholders. Philip Morris International was split from Philip Morris USA in March 2008. This has caused a drop in the needed cigarette production due to no need for export product. Philip Morris shut down its Concord, North Carolina, manufacturing facility in 2010 and moved all domestic production to Richmond, which now contains the largest Philip Morris plant in the world, producing 146 billion cigarettes in 2010.
In 2009, Philip Morris dropped the use of “Light” after many felt the word misrepresented the products as a healthier cigarette.
Philip Morris USA brands include Marlboro, Virginia Slims, Benson & Hedges, Merit, Parliament, Alpine, Basic, Cambridge, Bucks, Dave's, Chesterfield (U.S. sale and production discontinued in late 2017), Collector's Choice, Commander, Lark, L&M, Players. As of the 27 of December, 2018, Philip Morris also owns a minority stake in JUUL
Altria Group, Inc. (renamed from Philip Morris Companies Inc. on January 27, 2003) is an American corporation and one of the world's largest producers and marketers of tobacco, cigarettes and related products. It operates worldwide and is headquartered in Henrico County, Virginia, just outside the city of Richmond.
Altria is the parent company of Philip Morris USA, John Middleton, Inc., U.S. Smokeless Tobacco Company, Inc., Philip Morris Capital Corporation, and Chateau Ste. Michelle Wine Estates. Philip Morris International was spun off in 2008. Altria maintains a ~10% stake in Belgium-based brewer ABInBev. It is a component of the S&P 500 and was a component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average until February 19, 2008. On January 6, 2009, Altria acquired UST Inc., a smokeless tobacco manufacturer, which also owned wine producer Ste Michelle Wine Estates, and is now a subsidiary of Altria.Basic (cigarette)
Basic is an American brand of cigarettes, currently owned and manufactured by Philip Morris USA in the U.S. and by Philip Morris International outside of the U.S.Cambridge (cigarette)
Cambridge is a brand of cigarettes, currently owned and manufactured by Philip Morris USA in the U.S. and by Philip Morris International outside the U.S. In the U.K., it was manufactured by Rothmans International until 1999.Colt (cigarette)
Colt is a cigarette brand that was owned and manufactured by Philip Morris USA. In Finland, it is owned and manufactured by Imperial Tobacco Finland Oy, a subsidiary of Imperial Tobacco.Frank E. Resnik
Frank E. Resnik (October 14, 1928 – April 17, 1995) was CEO (1984–1989) and Chairman (1989–1991) of Philip Morris USA.
Resnik was born in Pleasant Unity, Pennsylvania. After graduating from high school, he joined the United States Army where he became an instructor and first field sergeant. After his service in the Army, Resnik attended Saint Vincent College in Latrobe, Pennsylvania, on a football scholarship. In 1952, he graduated with a degree in chemistry, and began his career as a research chemist with Philip Morris, in Richmond, Virginia. He later received a master's degree in chemistry from the University of Richmond in Richmond, Virginia.
In 1980, Resnik was named executive vice president of Philip Morris' Tobacco Technology Group. In 1984, he was named president and CEO of Philip Morris USA. In 1989, he became chairman of that company. In January 1991, after 38 years with Philip Morris, Resnik retired and moved to Jupiter, Florida.
During his career in the tobacco industry, Resnik contributed 30 articles to scientific literature. In 1988, he received the Horatio Alger Award.
Resnik died April 17, 1995, in West Palm Beach, Florida. He is buried in St. Vincent Cemetery, Unity Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania.List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 549
This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 549 of the United States Reports:
Ayers v. Belmontes, 549 U.S. 7 (2006)
Lopez v. Gonzales, 549 U.S. 47 (2006)
Toledo-Flores v. United States, 549 U.S. 69 (2006)
Carey v. Musladin, 549 U.S. 70 (2006)
BP America Production Co. v. Burton, 549 U.S. 84 (2006)
United States v. Resendiz-Ponce, 549 U.S. 102 (2007)
MedImmune, Inc. v. Genentech, Inc., 549 U.S. 118 (2007)
Burton v. Stewart, 549 U.S. 147 (2007)
Norfolk Southern R. Co. v. Sorrell, 549 U.S. 158 (2007)
Gonzales v. Duenas-Alvarez, 549 U.S. 183 (2007)
Jones v. Bock, 549 U.S. 199 (2007)
Osborn v. Haley, 549 U.S. 225 (2007)
Cunningham v. California, 549 U.S. 270 (2007)
Weyerhaeuser Co. v. Ross-Simmons Hardwood Lumber Co., 549 U.S. 312 (2007)
Lawrence v. Florida, 549 U.S. 327 (2007)
Philip Morris USA v. Williams, 549 U.S. 346 (2007)
Marrama v. Citizens Bank of Mass., 549 U.S. 365 (2007)
Wallace v. Kato, 549 U.S. 384 (2007)
Whorton v. Bockting, 549 U.S. 406 (2007)
Sinochem Int'l Co. v. Malaysia Int'l Shipping Corp., 549 U.S. 422 (2007)
Lance v. Coffman, 549 U.S. 437 (2007)
Travelers Casualty & Surety Co. of America v. Pacific Gas & Elec. Co., 549 U.S. 443 (2007)
Rockwell Int'l Corp. v. United States, 549 U.S. 457 (2007)
Limtiaco v. Camacho, 549 U.S. 483 (2007)
Massachusetts v. EPA, 549 U.S. 497 (2007)
Environmental Defense v. Duke Energy Corp., 549 U.S. 561 (2007)
Stroup v. Willcox, 549 U.S. 1501 (2006)List of cigarette brands
This is a list of current cigarette brands. The table is sortable for every column.Marlboro (cigarette)
Marlboro (US: , UK: ) is an American brand of cigarettes, currently owned and manufactured by Philip Morris USA (a branch of Altria) within the United States, and by Philip Morris International (now separate from Altria) outside the United States. Richmond, Virginia, is the location of the largest Marlboro cigarette manufacturing plant. Marlboro is the global best-selling cigarette brand since 1972.Merit (cigarette)
Merit is an American brand of cigarettes, currently owned and manufactured by Philip Morris USA in the United States and Philip Morris International outside the United States.Naugle v. Philip Morris USA, Inc.
Naugle v. Philip Morris was a landmark 2009 court case in which a jury awarded the plaintiff Lucinda Naugle $300 million. The award included $56.6 million in compensatory damages for medical expenses and $244 million in punitive damages. At the time, the verdict was the largest award given to an individual suing a tobacco company, and was featured on NBC, ABC, 60 Minutes, and The New York Times. In 2012, the verdict amount for punitive damages was reduced to $36.8 million.Parliament (cigarette)
Parliament is an American brand of cigarettes, currently owned and manufactured by Philip Morris USA in the United States and Philip Morris International outside of the United States.Philip Morris USA Inc. v. Williams
Philip Morris USA v. Williams, 549 U.S. 346 (2007), 556 U.S. 178 (2009), was a decision by the Supreme Court of the United States, which held that the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment limits punitive damages, and ordered a lower court to reconsider its damages awards on that basis.Randy Sweeney
William Randolph 'Randy' Sweeney (born January 7, 1956) is an American research scientist. He is a Senior Research Engineer and director for R&D at Philip Morris USA.U.S. Smokeless Tobacco Company
U.S. Smokeless Tobacco Company (formerly United States Tobacco Company) manufactures smokeless tobacco products, notably dipping tobacco, but also chewing tobacco, snus, and dry snuff and is a subsidiary of Altria.
Its corporate headquarters are located in Richmond, Virginia, and it maintains factories in Clarksville and Nashville, Tennessee, Franklin Park, Illinois, and Hopkinsville, Kentucky.
Copenhagen and Skoal are the company's leading brands, and each represents more than $1 billion per year in retail sales. It also sells similar products, for a lower price, under the brand names Red Seal and Husky. It also produced Rooster until 2009, when Philip Morris decided to discontinue it. The company also produces several varieties of dry snuff.
Skoal was one of the first moist tobacco manufacturers to offer dipping tobacco in pouches. Skoal Bandits, released in 1983, were marketed in the UK in the 1980s, but the carcinogenic tobacco pouches were banned amid public protest. This product has a small amount of tobacco in a pouch with a thin outer membrane and resembles a tiny tea bag. Skoal Bandits were invented by UST's marketing division, the manufacturing process was conceived by Gene Paules of UST, and the process was automated by David Westerman of the Automation Center, Inc., Nashville, Tennessee. Since then, Skoal has kept the Skoal Bandits products, but has also released regular-sized pouches, as well as snus, and offers pouches under the Copenhagen brand, as well.
Parent company UST was purchased by Altria Group, which now includes Philip Morris USA, John Middleton Company and US Smokeless Tobacco.Virginia Slims
Virginia Slims is an American brand of cigarettes, currently owned and manufactured by Philip Morris USA in the U.S. and Philip Morris International outside of the U.S.
|Philip Morris USA|
|U.S. Smokeless Tobacco|
|John Middleton Co.|
|Ste. Michelle Wine Estates|
and the law