Philip Francis Nowlan

Philip Francis Nowlan (/ˈnoʊlən/; November 13, 1888 – February 1, 1940) was an American science fiction author, best known as the creator of Buck Rogers. [1]

Philip Francis Nowlan
Philip Francis Nowlan, as pictured in Science Wonder Stories, September 1929 (as "Frank Phillips")
Philip Francis Nowlan, as pictured in Science Wonder Stories, September 1929 (as "Frank Phillips")
BornNovember 13, 1888
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
DiedFebruary 1, 1940 (aged 51)
Bala Cynwid, Pennsylvania[1]
GenreScience fiction
SubjectBuck Rogers
Notable worksArmageddon 2419 A.D.


Nowlan was born on November 13, 1888. While attending the University of Pennsylvania, Nowlan was a member of The Mask and Wig Club, holding significant roles in the annual productions between 1907 and 1909. After graduating from the University of Pennsylvania he worked as a newspaper columnist. Nowlan was married to Theresa Junker. They had ten children: Philip, Mary, Helen, Louise, Theresa, Mike, Larry, Pat, John, and Joe.

He moved to the Philadelphia suburb of Bala Cynwyd and created and wrote the Buck Rogers comic strip, illustrated by Dick Calkins. He remained a writer on the strip until 1939. The character Buck Rogers first appeared in Nowlan's 1928 novella Armageddon 2419 A.D. as Anthony Rogers. A comic strip ran from 1929-1967. Spin-offs included a radio-serial series Buck Rogers in the 25th Century (radio series) (sporadically aired from 1932-1947), a 1939 movie serial Buck Rogers (serial), and a 1979 television series Buck Rogers in the 25th Century (TV series).[1]

Nowlan also wrote several other novellas for the science fiction magazines as well as the posthumously published mystery, The Girl from Nowhere.


  • Armageddon 2419 A.D. (1928)
  • The Girl from Nowhere (1928, ISBN 0-8095-0038-8 (Neuauflage von 2005)
  • The Airlords of Han (1929)
  • The Airlords of Han by Philip Francis Nowlan at Project Gutenberg on Project Gutenberg
  • The Onslaught from Venus (1929)
  • The Time Jumpers (1934)
  • The Prince of Mars Returns (1940)
  • Space Guards (1940)
  • Wings Over Tomorrow: The Collected Science Fiction of Philip Francis Nowlan (2005, ISBN 0-8095-1095-2) edited by Lee Weinstein


See also


  1. ^ a b c "Nowlan, Philip Francis". Gollancz. August 12, 2018. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Summary Bibliography: Philip Francis Nowlan". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Al von Ruff. Retrieved 7 January 2019.

External links

1940 in the United States

Events from the year 1940 in the United States.

2011 in public domain

When a work's copyright expires, it enters the public domain. The following is a list of works that entered the public domain in 2011. Since laws vary globally, the copyright status of some works are not uniform.

Armageddon 2419 A.D.

Armageddon 2419 A.D. is a science fiction novella by Philip Francis Nowlan which first appeared in the August 1928 issue of the pulp magazine Amazing Stories. A sequel called The Airlords of Han was published in the March 1929 issue of Amazing Stories. Both stories are now in the public domain in the US according to the Project Gutenberg website. In the 1960s, Nowlan's two novellas were combined by editor Donald A. Wollheim into one paperback novel, titled Armageddon 2419 A.D. The characters and setting eventually evolved into Buck Rogers.

Avalon Books

Avalon Books was a small New York-based book publishing imprint active from 1950 through 2012, established by Thomas Bouregy. Avalon was an important science fiction imprint in the 1950s and 60s; later its specialty was mystery and romance books. The imprint was owned by Thomas Bouregy & Co., Inc.. It remained a family firm, with Thomas's daughter Ellen Bouregy Mickelsen taking over as publisher in 1995.On June 4, 2012 it was announced that had purchased the imprint and its back-list of about 3,000 titles. Amazon said it would publish the books through the various imprints of Amazon Publishing.

Buck Rogers

Buck Rogers is a fictional space opera character created by Philip Francis Nowlan in the novella Armageddon 2419 A.D., subsequently appearing in multiple media. In Armageddon 2419 A.D., published in the August 1928 issue of the pulp magazine, Amazing Stories, the character's given name was "Anthony". A sequel, The Airlords of Han, was published in the March 1929 issue.

Philip Nowlan and the syndicate John F. Dille Company, later known as the National Newspaper Service syndicate, were contracted to adapt the story into a comic strip. After Nowlan and Dille enlisted editorial cartoonist Dick Calkins as the illustrator, Nowlan adapted the first episode from Armageddon 2419, A.D. and changed the hero's name from "Anthony" to "Buck". The strip made its first newspaper appearance on January 7, 1929. Later adaptations included radio in 1932, a film serial, a television series (in which his first name was changed from "Anthony" to "William"), and other formats.

The Buck Rogers strip was popular enough to inspire other newspaper syndicates to launch their own science fiction strips. The most famous of these imitators was Flash Gordon (King Features Syndicate, 1934-2003); others included Jack Swift (1930-1937), Brick Bradford (Central Press Association, 1933-1987), Don Dixon and the Hidden Empire (Watkins Syndicate, 1935-1941), Speed Spaulding (John F. Dille Co., 1940-1941), and John Carter of Mars (United Feature Syndicate, 1941-1943).The adventures of Buck Rogers in comic strips, movies, radio and television became an important part of American popular culture. It was on January 22, 1930 that Buck Rogers first ventured into space aboard a rocket ship in his fifth newspaper comic story Tiger Men From Mars. This popular phenomenon paralleled the development of space technology in the 20th century and introduced Americans to outer space as a familiar environment for swashbuckling adventure.Buck Rogers has been credited with bringing into popular media the concept of space exploration, following in the footsteps of literary pioneers such as Jules Verne, H. G. Wells and Edgar Rice Burroughs.

Buck Rogers (serial)

Buck Rogers is a 1939 Universal serial film starring Buster Crabbe (who had previously played the title character in two Flash Gordon serials and would return for a third in 1940) as the eponymous hero, Constance Moore, Jackie Moran and Anthony Warde. It was based on the Buck Rogers character created by Philip Francis Nowlan, which had appeared in magazines and comic strips since 1928.

Buck Rogers XXVC

Buck Rogers XXVC (sometimes written as Buck Rogers in the 25th Century) is a game setting created by TSR, Inc. in the late 1980s. Products based on this setting include novels, graphic novels, a role-playing game (RPG), board game, and video games. The setting was active from 1988 until 1995.

Buck Rogers in the 25th Century (TV series)

Buck Rogers in the 25th Century is an American science-fiction adventure television series produced by Universal Studios. The series ran for two seasons between 1979 and 1981, and the feature-length pilot episode for the series was released as a theatrical film before the series aired. The film and series were developed by Glen A. Larson and Leslie Stevens, based on the character Buck Rogers created in 1928 by Philip Francis Nowlan that had previously been featured in comic strips, novellas, a serial film, and on television and radio.

Buck Rogers in the 25th Century (film)

Buck Rogers in the 25th Century is a 1979 American science fiction film directed by Daniel Haller. Starring Gil Gerard in the title role, it was produced by Glen A. Larson who co-wrote the screenplay with Leslie Stevens, based on the character Buck Rogers which was created by Philip Francis Nowlan in 1928.

Originally made as a television movie pilot, Universal Studios opted to release the film theatrically several months before the subsequent television series aired.

Clamshell design

The flip or clamshell is a form factor of a mobile phone or other device which is in two or more sections that fold via a hinge. If the hinge is on a long edge the device is more likely to be called clamshell than flip phone (e.g., Nokia Communicators).

When the clamshell is open, the device is up and ready to be used. The interface components are kept inside the clamshell, which offers more surface area than when the device is closed. Interface components such as keys and display are protected when the clamshell is closed, and it is shorter or narrower, making the device easier to carry around. A disadvantage of the clamshell design is the connecting hinge, which is prone to fatigue or failure.

February 1

February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 333 days remaining until the end of the year (334 in leap years).

Glen A. Larson

Glen Albert Larson (January 3, 1937 – November 14, 2014) was an American musician, television producer and writer. His best known work in television was as the creator of the television series Alias Smith and Jones, Battlestar Galactica, Buck Rogers in the 25th Century, Quincy, M.E., The Hardy Boys/Nancy Drew Mysteries, B. J. and the Bear, The Fall Guy, Magnum, P.I. and Knight Rider. In addition to his television work, Larson also was a member of the folk revival/satire group The Four Preps.

High Adventure Cliffhangers Buck Rogers Adventure Game

The High Adventure Cliffhangers Buck Rogers Adventure Game was a role-playing game published by TSR in 1993.


Inertron is a fictional metallic chemical substance found in the DC Comics Legion of Super-Heroes universe. It is the hardest, densest substance in the DC universe, and is often used by the Legion of Super-Heroes in the 30th century. The first mention of inertron was in Adventure Comics #336.

Inertron is frequently described as indestructible and impenetrable; however, this only applies to regular humans, lesser superhumans and 30th century known technology, as, on some occasions, Superboy and Mon-El could break an inertron container by using all their strength. In Adventure Comics #370, though, a triple steel layer inertron-sealed prison was described as too tough for Superboy or Mon-El to break through. Matter Eater Lad has been shown to be able to eat it, however. Karate Kid has broken shackles made of inertron one time. In Superboy and the Legion #245, Element Lad pointed out that inertron was an artificial element, which meant it was still an element, and he thus was able to change it to helium.

List of space opera media

The following is a list of space opera media. Space opera is a subgenre of science fiction that David G. Hartwell and Kathryn Cramer define as "colorful, dramatic, large-scale science fiction adventure, competently and sometimes beautifully written, usually focused on a sympathetic, heroic central character and plot action, and usually set in the relatively distant future, and in space or on other worlds, characteristically optimistic in tone. It often deals with war, piracy, military virtues, and very large-scale action, large stakes."The following are works that independent commentators have characterized as space opera, ordered chronologically by date of first publication.


Nowlan is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Alden Nowlan (1933–1983), Canadian poet, novelist, and playwright

Cherie Nowlan (née Singleton), Australian film and television director, known for the 2007 film Clubland

George Nowlan, PC (1898–1965), Canadian member of Parliament and Cabinet Minister

James Nowlan (1862–1924), President of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) from 1901 to 1921

James William Nowlan (1818–1900), political figure in New Brunswick, Canada

John Nowlan (1821–1895), Irish-born Australian politician

Kevin Nowlan (born 1958), American comic-book artist

Lawrence Nowlan (1965–2013), American sculptor and figurative artist

Max Nowlan (born 1939), former Australian rules footballer

Pat Nowlan (born 1931), Canadian parliamentarian and son of Diefenbaker-era Minister of Finance George Nowlan

Patrick Nowlan (1827–1896), merchant and political figure in Newfoundland

Philip Francis Nowlan (1888–1940), American science fiction author, best known as the creator of Buck Rogers

Philip Nolan

Philip Nolan may refer to:

Philip Nolan (Texas) (1771–1801), horse-trader and freebooter in 18th-century Texas

Phillip Nolan (basketball) (born 1993), American college basketball player

Philip Nolan, protagonist of "The Man Without a Country"

Science fiction magazine

A science fiction magazine is a publication that offers primarily science fiction, either in a hard copy periodical format or on the Internet.

Science fiction magazines traditionally featured speculative fiction in short story, novelette, novella or (usually serialized) novel form, a format that continues into the present day. Many also contain editorials, book reviews or articles, and some also include stories in the fantasy and horror genres.

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