Philibert of Chalon

Philibert de Chalon (18 March 1502 – 3 August 1530) was the last Prince of Orange from the House of Chalon.

Philibert of Chalon, Prince of Orange
Philibert de Chalon 16. Jh
Philibert of Chalon
Born18 March 1502
Nozeroy, Franche-Comté
Died3 August 1530 (aged 28)
Outside Florence, Italy
Noble familyHouse of Chalon-Arlay
FatherJohn IV lord of Arlay
MotherPhiliberta of Luxembourg

Biography

Born at Nozeroy to John IV of Chalon-Arlay, Philibert served Emperor Charles V as commander in Italy, fighting in the War of the League of Cognac. He took part in the Sack of Rome[1] and was killed during the final stages of the Siege of Florence (1530).[2] An interesting exchange of letters during the siege between him and Charles still survives.

He was succeeded as Prince of Orange by the son of his sister (Claudia of Chalon), Renatus of Nassau-Breda, who thus founded the House of Orange-Nassau.

Philbert Prince of Orange
Portrait of Philbert Prince of Orange from a contemporary portrait.

References

  1. ^ Pitts 1993, p. 350-351.
  2. ^ Fletcher 2016, p. 61.

Sources

  • Fletcher, Catherine (2016). The Black Prince of Florence: The Spectacular Life and Treacherous World of Alessandro de' Medici. Oxford University Press.
  • Pitts, Vincent Joseph (1993). The man who sacked Rome: Charles de Bourbon, constable of France (1490-1527). P. Lang.
Philibert of Chalon
Born: 18 March 1502 3 August
Preceded by
John II of Châlon
Prince of Orange
1502–1530
Succeeded by
René of Chalon
Government offices
Preceded by
Ugo de Moncada
Viceroy of Naples
1528–1530
Succeeded by
Pompeo Colonna

Sources

1502

Year 1502 (MDII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

1530

Year 1530 (MDXXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Amatrice

Amatrice (Sabino: L'Amatrici) is a town and comune in the province of Rieti, in northern Lazio (central Italy), and the center of the food-agricultural area of Gran Sasso e Monti della Laga National Park. The town was devastated by a powerful earthquake on 24 August 2016.

Battle of Gavinana

The Battle of Gavinana was a battle in the War of the League of Cognac. It was fought on 3 August 1530 between the city of Florence and the army of the Holy Roman Empire.

The Imperial forces were led by Philibert of Châlon, Prince of Orange, with reinforcements under Fabrizio Maramaldo arriving later in the battle. The Florentine forces were led by the florentine commissary Francesco Ferruccio.

At first the Florentines drove back the Imperial army, despite being outnumbered. In the process, the Prince of Orange was fatally shot in the chest by two arquebus balls.

However, when Maramaldo arrived with 2,000 troops the tide was reversed. After being wounded and captured, Ferruccio was executed personally by Maramaldo. Ferrucci's last response to his murderer, tu uccidi un uomo morto (you are killing a dead man) led him to long lasting fame and to become one of the major icons of the Italian risorgimento. In contrast, Maramaldo's behavior, echoed by several historical reports, gave his name a shameful reputation, and in modern Italian maramaldo means cowardly murderer.

Battle of Landriano

The Battle of Landriano took place on 21 June 1529, between the French army under Francis de Bourbon, Comte de St. Pol and the Imperial–Spanish army commanded by Don Antonio de Leyva, Duke of Terranova in the context of the War of the League of Cognac. The French army was destroyed and marked the temporary end of the ambitions of Francis I of France to vie for control of northern Italy with Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.

Chalon-Arlay

This page is a list of the lords of Chalon-Arlay (in the county of Burgundy) and the principality of Orange.

The lords of Chalons and Arlay were a cadet branch of the ruling house of the county of Burgundy, the Anscarids or House of Ivrea.For more details, and a family tree, see below.

Claudia of Chalon

Claudia of Chalon-Orange (1498 – May 31, 1521, Diest) was the second wife of Henry III of Nassau-Breda, whom she had married in 1515. She was the mother of René of Chalon, lord of Breda, the first Nassau to be Prince of Orange.

Claudia of Chalon was the daughter of John of Chalon, lord of Arlay and Philiberte of Luxembourg-Ligny. She was raised mainly at the French court.

She was buried in the Grote kerk ("big church") in Breda.

After the death of her brother Philibert of Chalon the title of Prince of Orange went to her son René of Châlon.

Filippino Doria

Filippo or Filippino Doria (between 1470 and 1480, Genoa - between 1548 and 1558) was a Genoese admiral from a cadet branch of the Doria family.

Francesco Ferruccio

Francesco Ferruccio (or Ferrucci) (1489 – August 3, 1530) was an Italian captain from Florence who fought in the Italian Wars.

House of Chalon-Arlay

The House of Chalon-Arlay was a French noble house, a cadet branch of the House of Ivrea. The founder of the house is John I of Chalon-Arlay, fifth son of John, Count of Chalon. When John III lord of Arlay married to Mary de Baux, princess of Orange, the House acquired the principality of Orange.

House of Orange-Nassau

The House of Orange-Nassau (Dutch: Huis van Oranje-Nassau, pronounced [ˈɦœys fɑn oːˌrɑɲə ˈnɑsʌu]), a branch of the European House of Nassau, has played a central role in the politics and government of the Netherlands and Europe especially since William the Silent organized the Dutch revolt against Spanish rule, which after the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) led to an independent Dutch state.

Several members of the house served during this war and after as stadtholder ("governor"; Dutch: stadhouder) during the Dutch Republic. However, in 1815, after a long period as a republic, the Netherlands became a monarchy under the House of Orange-Nassau.

The dynasty was established as a result of the marriage of Henry III of Nassau-Breda from Germany and Claudia of Châlon-Orange from French Burgundy in 1515. Their son René inherited in 1530 the independent and sovereign Principality of Orange from his mother's brother, Philibert of Châlon. As the first Nassau to be the Prince of Orange, René could have used "Orange-Nassau" as his new family name. However, his uncle, in his will, had stipulated that René should continue the use of the name Châlon-Orange. History knows him therefore as René of Châlon. After the death of René in 1544, his cousin William of Nassau-Dillenburg inherited all of his lands. This "William I of Orange", in English better known as William the Silent, became the founder of the House of Orange-Nassau.

John IV of Chalon-Arlay

John IV of Chalon-Arlay or John of Chalon (c. 1443-15 April 1502) was a prince of Orange and lord of Arlay. He played an important role in the Mad War, a series of conflicts in which aristocrats sought to resist the expansion and centralisation of power under the French monarch.

List of viceroys of Naples

This is a list of viceroys of the Kingdom of Naples. Following the conquest of Naples by Louis XII of France in 1501, Naples was subject to the rule of the foreign rulers, the Kings of France, Aragon and Spain and the Habsburg Archdukes of Austria respectively. Commonly staying far from Naples, these rulers governed the Kingdom through a series of viceroys.

Navarrenx

Navarrenx is a commune in the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques ( Béarn ) and the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

The gentilé is Navarre. Since 2014, the town was called to join the association Les Plus Beaux Villages de France.

René of Chalon

René of Chalon (5 February 1519 – 15 July 1544), also known as Renatus of Chalon, was a Prince of Orange and stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht and Gelre.

Sack of Rome (1527)

The Sack of Rome on 6 May 1527 was a military event carried out in Rome (then part of the Papal States) by the mutinous troops of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. It marked a crucial imperial victory in the conflict between Charles and the League of Cognac (1526–1529)—the alliance of France, Milan, Venice, Florence and the Papacy.

Siege of Florence (1529–30)

The Siege of Florence took place from 24 October 1529 to 10 August 1530, at the end of the War of the League of Cognac. A large Imperial and Spanish army under Philibert of Châlon, Prince of Orange and Pier Maria III de' Rossi surrounded the city, and, after a siege of nearly ten months, captured it, overthrowing the Republic of Florence and installing Alessandro de' Medici as the ruler of the city.

The Florentines had thrown off Medici rule and established a republic after the Sack of Rome in 1527; the Florentine Republic had continued to participate in the war on the side of the French. The French defeats at Naples in 1528 and Landriano in 1529, however, led to Francis I of France concluding the Treaty of Cambrai with the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. When Pope Clement VII and the Republic of Venice also concluded treaties with the Emperor, Florence was left to fight alone. Charles, attempting to gain Clement's favor, ordered his armies to seize Florence and return the Medici to power.

The Republic resisted this incursion; but, left without allies and betrayed by many of the mercenaries in her employ, Florence was unable to keep fighting indefinitely. After the capture of Volterra by the Imperial forces and the death of Francesco Ferruccio at the Battle of Gavinana, further resistance became impractical, and the city surrendered in August 1530.

Siege of Naples (1528)

The Siege of Naples was a siege of the Italian city of Naples in 1528 during the War of the League of Cognac.

Ancestors of Philibert of Chalon
16. John III of Chalon-Arlay
8. Louis II of Chalon-Arlay
17. Mary of Baux-Orange
4. William VII of Chalon-Arlay
18. Henry II, Count of Montbéliard
9. Joanna of Montbéliard
19. Marie de Chatillon, Vicountess of Blaigny
2. John IV of Chalon-Arlay
20. John V, Duke of Brittany
10. Richard, Count of Étampes
21. Joan of Navarre
5. Catherine of Brittany
22. Louis I, Duke of Orléans
11. Marguerite, Countess of Vertus
23. Valentina Visconti
1. Philibert of Châlon
24. Peter of Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol
12. Louis de Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol
25. Margaret de Baux
6. Anthony I, Count of Ligny
26. Robert of Bar, Count of Marle and Soissons
13. Jeanne de Bar, Countess of Marle and Soissons
27. Jeanne de Béthune
3. Philiberta of Luxembourg
28. Henry de Bauffremont-Scey
14. Pierre de Bauffremont
29. Jeanne of Vergy-Mirebeau
7. Antoinette of Bauffremont
30. Philip III, Duke of Burgundy
15. Marie of Burgundy
31. Jeanne de Presles

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