Pewett (1786 – after 1812) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare best known for winning the classic St Leger Stakes in 1789. Her name was spelled in various ways including Pewet, Pewit and Pewitt and would appear to be a reference to the northern lapwing. In a racing career which lasted from May 1789 and May 1792 she won four of her thirteen races. In the St Leger she finished second to a colt named Zanga, but was awarded the race when the winner was disqualified for causing interference. After her retirement from racing she became a successful broodmare whose descendants won many important races throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

CountryKingdom of Great Britain
BreederWilliam Fitzwilliam, 4th Earl Fitzwilliam
OwnerWilliam Fitzwilliam, 4th Earl Fitzwilliam
TrainerChristopher Scaife
Record13: 5-4-2
Major wins
St Leger Stakes (1789)
Match against Bywell (1790)


Pewett was a bay mare bred by her owner William Fitzwilliam, 4th Earl Fitzwilliam. She was the third of eleven foals produced by Termagant, a mare bred by Lord Rockingham.[1] Her sire Tandem was prevented from racing by injury but proved a reasonably successful stallion when based at Richard Tattersall's stud at Highflyer Hall. Apart from Pewett, his most notable offspring was The Yellow Filly, winner of the Oaks Stakes in 1786.[2]

Racing career

1789: three-year-old season

"Pewet" made her racecourse debut on 5 May at Malton when she started favourite for a sweepstakes over one and a half miles and won from the colts Bolus and Telescope.[3] The filly did not reappear until 22 September when she was one of six three-year-olds to contest the St Leger over two miles at Doncaster Racecourse. Ridden by William Wilson she finished second to the Duke of Hamilton's black colt by Laurel (later named Zanga), but was awarded the victory when the judge's decided that the colt's jockey had been guilty of "jostling".[4] On her only other start of the season she returned to Malton on 13 October and finished second to Lord Archibald Hamilton's bay colt by Highflyer (later named Walnut).[5]

1790: four-year-old season

In 1790, Pewett again began her season at Malton in May, when she started favourite for a four-mile sweepstakes and won from five opponents.[6] Six days later at York she finished second Lord Archibald Hamilton's five-year-old horse Scorpion in a race over two miles. At the next York meeting in August she met Walnut for the second time in a four-mile subscription race and again finished runner-up to the colt. In September the filly ran at Lincoln Racecourse in a King's Plate for fillies and mares run in a series of two-mile heats, with the prize going to the first horse to win twice. She finished third in the first heat and second in the next two as the event was won by Sir F. Poole's Jemima.[7] Later that month she returned to the scene of her classic success when she ran a match race over two miles against Bywell. Pewett was opposed in the betting but won the match to claim a prize of 200 guineas.[8]

1791: five-year-old season

Pewett won one of her four races in 1791. She did not compete until 7 September when she was beaten by Mr Garforth's mare Camilla in a King's Plate at Richmond. A week later at Wakefield racecourse she ran in a £50 race over four miles: she finished fourth in the first heat but won the next two to record her final victory.[9] At Doncaster at the end of the month she finished sixth of the seven runners behind Young Traveller in the Doncaster Cup and last of three behind Walnut in the Doncaster Stakes later the same afternoon.[10]

1792: six-year-old season

Pewett made one appearance as a six-year-old, finishing last in a sweepstakes over two miles at York on 21 May.[11]

Stud career

Pewett was retired to become a broodmare for Lord Fitzwilliam and produced nine foals:[12]

  • 1794, bay filly sired by Phoenomenon
  • 1796, bay filly by King Fergus
  • 1797, Lapwing, bay filly by Overton
  • 1798, bay filly by Standard
  • 1799, Woodpecker, bay colt by Buzzard
  • 1802, Sir Paul, bay colt by Sir Peter Teazle, third in the 1805 St Leger
  • 1803, brown filly by Stamford
  • 1804, Paulina, bay filly by Sir Peter Teazle, won the 1807 St Leger
  • 1812, Clinkerina, brown filly by Clinker

Paulina was Pewett's most successful racehorse and became an influential broodmare, being regarded as Foundation mare of Thoroughbred family 8-e. Her descendants included the classic winning colts Andover and Sir Tatton Sykes.[13]

Pewett's last foal Clinkerina also became a successful and influential broodmares. Her son Humphrey Clinker sired the St Leger winner Rockingham and Melbourne, sire of the Triple Crown winner West Australian. Her more distant descendants included Exhibitionnist, Youth and Eishin Flash.[14]


Pedigree of Pewett (GB), bay mare, 1786
Tandem (GB)
Squirt Bartlett's Childers
sister to Old Country Wench
Patriot mare Bolton Patriot
Crab mare
Regulus mare
Regulus Godolphin Arabian
Grey Robinson
Snip mare Snip
Cottingham mare
Termagant (GB)
Cripple Godolphin Arabian
Godolphin Blossom
Childers mare Hampton Court Childers
Hackney's dam
Sampson Blaze
Hip mare
Regulus mare (1757) Regulus
The Ruby Mare (Family:8-a)[14]
  • Pewett was inbred 3 x 4 to Regulus, meaning that this stallion appears in both the third and fourth generations of his pedigree. She was also inbred 4 x 4 to the Godolphin Arabian.


  1. ^ The General stud book. 1. C W Reynell. 1858. p. 400. Retrieved 2013-04-08.
  2. ^ "Bartlet's Bartlett's Childers". Retrieved 2013-04-09.
  3. ^ James Weatherby (1790). Racing calendar. 1789. H Reynell. p. 21. Retrieved 2013-04-08.
  4. ^ James Weatherby (1790). Racing calendar. 1789. H Reynell. p. 120. Retrieved 2013-04-08.
  5. ^ James Weatherby (1790). Racing calendar. 1789. H Reynell. p. 144. Retrieved 2013-04-08.
  6. ^ James Weatherby (1791). Racing calendar. 1790. H Reynell. p. 39. Retrieved 2013-04-08.
  7. ^ James Weatherby (1791). Racing calendar. 1790. H Reynell. p. 117. Retrieved 2013-04-08.
  8. ^ James Weatherby (1791). Racing calendar. 1790. H Reynell. p. 130. Retrieved 2013-04-08.
  9. ^ James Weatherby (1792). "Racing calendar. 1791". H Reynell. p. 106. Retrieved 2013-04-09.
  10. ^ James Weatherby (1792). "Racing calendar. 1791". H Reynell. p. 117. Retrieved 2013-04-09.
  11. ^ James Weatherby (1793). Racing calendar. 1792. H Reynell. p. 31. Retrieved 2013-04-09.
  12. ^ The General stud book. 2. C J, E & JP Weatherby. 1869. p. 146. Retrieved 2013-04-08.
  13. ^ "Thoroughbred Bloodlines - Paulina - Family 8-e". Retrieved 2013-04-09.
  14. ^ a b "Thoroughbred Bloodlines - Regulus Mare - Family 8-a". Retrieved 2013-04-08.
1789 in sports

1789 in sports describes the year's events in world sport.

Ambidexter (horse)

Ambidexter (foaled 1787) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse best known for winning the classic St Leger Stakes in 1790. In a racing career which lasted from May 1790 until September 1791, and was conducted exclusively in Yorkshire, he won two of his eight races. After his retirement from racing he does not appear to have been used as a breeding stallion.

Commanche Run

Commanche Run (1981–2005) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse.

Hurry On

Hurry On (7 May 1913 – 1936) was an undefeated British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire that revived the Matchem sire line. English trainer Fred Darling called Hurry On the best horse he ever trained.

Michelozzo (horse)

Michelozzo (foaled 1986 in the United States) is a retired British Thoroughbred racehorse best known for winning the 1989 Classic St. Leger Stakes (run that year at Ayr because the Doncaster course was deemed unsafe due to subsidence) under jockey Steve Cauthen. Raced by Charles A. B. St-George, who had owned the great Ardross, Michelozzo was trained by Henry Cecil.

Orville (horse)

Orville (1799–1826) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. In a racing career which lasted from August 1801 until October 1807 the horse ran thirty-four times and won twenty races. In his early career he was based in Yorkshire and won the classic St Leger Stakes at Doncaster Racecourse as a three-year-old in 1802.

He had some success in the next two seasons before being sold to the Prince of Wales and being moved to campaign in the south of England. In his last three seasons he won fifteen races at long distances, becoming particularly effective over Newmarket's four mile Beacon Course, and winning several match races against the leading stayers of the day. After his racing career ended he became a highly successful breeding stallion.

Paulina (horse)

Paulina (1804–1819) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare best known for winning the classic St Leger Stakes in 1807. In a racing career which lasted from August 1806 until October 1809 she won nine times from fourteen races, all of which took place in Yorkshire. She was undefeated in three races as an unnamed two-year-old, before winning three of her four races in 1807 including the St Leger at Doncaster and a valuable produce sweepstakes at York. She won once from two starts as a four-year-old before winning a Great Subscription Purse at York and a King's Plate at Richmond in 1809. She had a long rivalry with another Yorkshire mare named Thomasina, winning three of their five meetings. Paulina was retired to stud where she became the female-line ancestor of many important winners including Andover and Sir Tatton Sykes.

Prince Palatine

Prince Palatine (1908–1924) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse. He was named for County Palatine of Lancaster near where his breeder William Hall Walker had been raised.

Provoke (horse)

Provoke (foaled 1962) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. In a career which lasted from autumn 1964 until September 1965, he ran seven times and won four races. He won the Classic St Leger as a three-year-old in 1965, defeating Meadow Court by ten lengths. He was later exported to stand as a stallion in the Soviet Union.

Ragusa (horse)

Ragusa (1960 - 1973) was an Irish Thoroughbred racehorse.

Rockingham (horse)

Rockingham (1830 – c. 1843) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire best known for winning the classic St Leger Stakes in 1833. After finishing fourth on his only appearance as a two-year-old, the colt was undefeated in three starts in 1833, winning the St Leger in the harlequin colours of Richard Watt and taking the Doncaster Cup against older horses in the same week. Rockingham remained in training for three further seasons, winning the 1835 Goodwood Cup, four King's Plates, and three consecutive renewals of the Brighton Gold Cup. He was retired from racing for a brief stud career, but had little success as a sire of winners.

Ruler (horse)

Ruler (1777 – 4 February 1806) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse. He won three of his five starts, including the two-mile St. Leger Stakes in 1780. He was bred and owned by William Bethell.


Sayajirao (1944–1965) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse. A full brother to 1945 Epsom Derby winner, Dante, he was out of the mare Rosy Legend and sired by the great Nearco who is described by Thoroughbred Heritage as "one of the greatest racehorses of the Twentieth Century" and "one of the most important sires of the century." Nearco was not only unbeaten in racing, but also the patriarch of the most dominant sire line in Thoroughbred history.

Sayajirao was purchased as a yearling by HH Maharaja of Baroda for what at the time was the very substantial sum of 28,000 guineas, the then equivalent of US$117,600.Racing at age three, Sayajirao won the Lingfield Derby Trial and the Irish Derby Stakes. He ran third in both The Derby and the 2,000 Guineas Stakes then won the third leg of the English Triple Crown, the St. Leger Stakes at Doncaster Racecourse.

Shantou (horse)

Shantou is a classic-winning thoroughbred racehorse. He won the St. Leger, the Gran Premio del Jockey Club and the Gran Premio di Milano.

Simple Verse

Simple Verse (foaled 5 March 2012) is an Irish Thoroughbred racehorse. Unraced as a juvenile, the filly quickly established herself as a top-class stayer by winning the St Leger Stakes. The previous filly to win the St Leger Stakes was User Friendly in 1992. She followed up her win in the St Leger with another Group One win in the British Champions Fillies' and Mares' Stakes the following month.

Sir Tatton Sykes

See also Sir Tatton Sykes, 4th Baronet and Sir Tatton Sykes, 5th BaronetSir Tatton Sykes (1843–1860), who also raced under the name Tibthorpe, was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. In a career that lasted from spring 1846 to summer 1848 he ran eleven times and won four races. As a three-year-old in 1846 he won two of the three races which became known as the Triple Crown, taking the 2000 Guineas at Newmarket and the St Leger at Doncaster. He was considered by some to have been unlucky when he was narrowly defeated in The Derby. The rest of his career was a disappointment as he won only one race in the next two seasons. After being retired to stud he had some success as a sire of winners.

Tarrare (horse)

Tarrare (1823 – 1847) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse. He is known for winning the 1826 Doncaster St. Leger.

The Baron (horse)

The Baron (1842 – 1859) was a Thoroughbred racehorse from Ireland, who also raced in England. Sired by Birdcatcher out of Echidna (by the English stallion Economist), he was also an influential sire in England, France and Australia.

Young Traveller

Young Traveller (later known as Lauderdale, foaled 1788) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse best known for winning the classic St Leger Stakes in 1791. Bred and originally campaigned in Yorkshire he won two of his three races as an unnamed three-year-old in 1791. On the day after his classic victory he defeated an unusually strong field of older horse to become the first St Leger winner to also win the Doncaster Cup. In the following year he was sold, renamed and raced mainly in Scotland, winning a further five races (including three walkovers) before the end of his racing career. Young Traveller does not appear to have been used as a breeding stallion.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.