Peter Inge, Baron Inge

Field Marshal Peter Anthony Inge, Baron Inge, KG, GCB, PC, DL (born 5 August 1935) was the Chief of the General Staff, the professional head of the British Army, from 1992 to 1994. He then served as Chief of the Defence Staff before retiring in 1997. Early in his military career he saw action during the Malayan Emergency and in Northern Ireland and later in his career he provided advice to the British Government during the Bosnian War.

The Lord Inge
Field Marshal Sir Peter Inge KG, GCB
Field Marshal Lord Inge in September 2007
Born5 August 1935 (age 84)
Croydon, Surrey, England
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchBritish Army
Years of service1956–1997
RankField Marshal
Service number448984
Commands heldChief of the Defence Staff
Chief of the General Staff
British Army of the Rhine
2nd Infantry Division
1st Battalion Green Howards
Battles/warsMalayan Emergency
Operation Banner
Bosnian War
AwardsKnight of the Order of the Garter
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Mentioned in Despatches

Early life and education

The son of Raymond Albert Inge and Grace Maud Caroline Inge (née Du Rose), Inge was born in Croydon on 5 August 1935 and was educated at Wrekin College and the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst.[1][2]

Military career

Inge was commissioned into the Green Howards from Sandhurst on 27 July 1956.[3] He was promoted to lieutenant on 27 July 1958,[4] served with the 1st Battalion the Green Howards in Hong Kong and Germany, and was deployed on operational service to Malaya during the Malayan Emergency.[5] Appointed aide-de-camp to the General Officer Commanding 4th Division in 1960,[1] he was promoted to captain on 27 July 1962,[6] and made adjutant of the 1st Battalion the Green Howards in 1963.[1]

After working in the Ministry of Defence, and being promoted to major on 31 December 1967,[7] Inge returned to the 1st Battalion as a company commander in 1969 and was deployed to Northern Ireland.[8] He served as brigade major with the 11th Armoured Brigade from August 1971, before being promoted to lieutenant colonel on 31 December 1972,[9] and becoming an instructor at the Staff College, Camberley in 1973.[1] He was appointed commanding officer of the 1st Battalion the Green Howards in 1974.[1] Promoted to colonel on 31 December 1976,[10] he commanded the Staff College's Junior Division from 1977 and, following his promotion to brigadier on 31 December 1979,[11] he commanded Task Force C of the British Army of the Rhine from 1980.[1] From 1982 he was Chief of Staff of I (British) Corps.[1] He returned to Britain as General Officer Commanding North East District and Commander 2nd Infantry Division, based in York, from 12 January 1984[12] with the substantive rank of major general from 16 April.[13] In 1986, he was appointed Director General, Logistics Policy (Army) at the Ministry of Defence.[8]

Inge was promoted to lieutenant general and became General Officer Commanding I (British) Corps on 8 August 1987.[14] He was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in the 1988 New Year Honours.[15] He relinquished the corps command on 2 October 1989 and,[16] on 27 November, he became the commander of NATO's Northern Army Group and Commander-in-Chief of British Army of the Rhine in Germany with the local rank of general;[17] his rank was made substantive on 3 January 1990.[18]

Having become aide-de-camp general to the Queen on 21 February 1991 and advanced to Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath in the 1992 Birthday Honours,[19][20] Inge was appointed Chief of the General Staff in February 1992 and Chief of the Defence Staff with the rank of field marshal on 15 March 1994.[21] He served in this post, in which he provided military advice to the British government on the conduct of the Bosnian War, until he retired in 1997.[1] He was appointed Colonel of the Green Howards in 1982, Colonel Commandant of the Royal Military Police in 1987, and Colonel Commandant of the Army Physical Training Corps in 1988.[1]

Later career

After stepping down as Chief of the Defence Staff, Inge was created a life peer as Baron Inge, of Richmond in the County of North Yorkshire.[22] He retired from the Lords on 25 April 2016.[23] He also became a Knight of the Order of the Garter on 23 April 2001.[24]

In 2004 Inge was made a Privy Councillor and appointed to serve as a member of the Butler Inquiry team, which examined the use of intelligence during the Iraq War.[25] Chaired by Robin Butler, Baron Butler of Brockwell, the inquiry determined that the intelligence used to declare Iraq's possession of "Weapons of Mass Destruction" was flawed.[25]

In retirement Inge became a non-executive director of Racal Electronics plc, Commissioner of the Royal Hospital Chelsea, Trustee of the Historic Royal Palaces, and President of the Army Benevolent Fund.[1] He is a member of the advisory board of Aegis Defence Services,[26] a private military company based in London having previously, until February 2010, been the Chairman of the Board of Directors.[27]

Family

In 1960 Inge married Letitia Thornton-Berry; they have two daughters.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Who's Who 2010, A & C Black, 2010; ISBN 978-1-4081-1414-8
  2. ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  3. ^ "No. 40882". The London Gazette (Supplement). 18 September 1956. p. 5347.
  4. ^ "No. 41458". The London Gazette (Supplement). 25 July 1958. p. 4720.
  5. ^ Heathcote, p. 183
  6. ^ "No. 42742". The London Gazette (Supplement). 24 July 1962. p. 5976.
  7. ^ "No. 44493". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 1967. p. 76.
  8. ^ a b Heathcote, p.184
  9. ^ "No. 45867". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 January 1973. p. 91.
  10. ^ "No. 47117". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 January 1977. p. 361.
  11. ^ "No. 48080". The London Gazette (Supplement). 28 January 1980. p. 1438.
  12. ^ "No. 49625". The London Gazette (Supplement). 23 January 1984. p. 1045.
  13. ^ "No. 49754". The London Gazette. 4 June 1984. p. 7748.
  14. ^ "No. 51053". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 September 1987. p. 11201.
  15. ^ "No. 51171". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1987. p. 2.
  16. ^ "No. 51890". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 October 1989. p. 11310.
  17. ^ "No. 51948". The London Gazette (Supplement). 28 November 1989. p. 13725.
  18. ^ "No. 52023". The London Gazette. 22 January 1990. p. 955.
  19. ^ "No. 52485". The London Gazette (Supplement). 25 March 1991. p. 4774.
  20. ^ "No. 52767". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1991. p. 2.
  21. ^ "No. 53645". The London Gazette (Supplement). 18 April 1994. p. 5799.
  22. ^ Heathcote, p.185
  23. ^ "Retired Lords". UK Parliament. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
  24. ^ "No. 56183". The London Gazette. 23 April 2001. p. 4839.
  25. ^ a b "Butler report (from The Guardian)" (PDF). Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  26. ^ "Register of Interests". House of Lords. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  27. ^ "Stars and Dragons: The EU and China – European Union Committee". House of Lords. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  28. ^ Chesshyre, Hubert (1996), The Friends of St. George's & Descendants of the Knights of the Garter Annual Review
  29. ^ The Companion (Issue 9 Spring 2009). College of St. George (ed.), p.5. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  30. ^ Baron Inge's Crest Archived 31 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine. College of St George. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  31. ^ Order of the Bath insignia, Heraldsnet. Retrieved 19 December 2013.

Further reading

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Patrick Palmer
General Officer Commanding North East District
and Commander 2nd Infantry Division

1984–1985
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Guthrie
Preceded by
Sir Brian Kenny
General Officer Commanding 1st (British) Corps
1987–1989
Commander-in-Chief British Army of the Rhine
1989–1992
Preceded by
Sir John Chapple
Chief of the General Staff
1992–1994
Preceded by
Sir Peter Harding
Chief of the Defence Staff
1994–1997
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir John Stanier
Constable of the Tower of London
1996–2001
Succeeded by
Sir Roger Wheeler
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Lord Patten
Gentlemen
Baron Inge
Followed by
The Lord Levene of Portsoken
August 5

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Constable of the Tower

The Constable of the Tower is the most senior appointment at the Tower of London. In the Middle Ages a constable was the person in charge of a castle when the owner—the king or a nobleman—was not in residence. The Constable of the Tower had a unique importance as the person in charge of the principal fortress defending the capital city of England.

Today the role of Constable is a ceremonial one and mainly involves taking part in traditional ceremonies within the Tower as well as being part of the community that lives within its perimeter. The Constable is also a trustee of Historic Royal Palaces and of the Royal Armouries.

Under the Queen's Regulations for the Army, the office of Constable is conferred upon a field marshal or a retired general officer for a five-year term. The Constable appointed in 2016 is General Sir Nick Houghton. The Constable's ceremonial deputy is the Lieutenant of the Tower of London, currently Simon Mayall;

this office is generally entrusted to a general officer of lower rank than the Constable.

At the conclusion of the Constable's Installation ceremony, the Lord Chamberlain symbolically hands over the Queen’s House to the Constable. He in turn entrusts it to the Resident Governor, who is responsible for the day-to-day running of Her Majesty’s Palace and Fortress, the Tower of London.

Field marshal (United Kingdom)

Field Marshal has been the highest rank in the British Army since 1736. A five-star rank with NATO code OF-10, it is equivalent to an Admiral of the Fleet in the Royal Navy or a Marshal of the Royal Air Force in the Royal Air Force (RAF). A Field Marshal's insignia consists of two crossed batons surrounded by yellow leaves below St Edward's Crown. Like Marshals of the RAF and Admirals of the Fleet, Field Marshals traditionally remain officers for life, though on half-pay when not in an appointment. The rank has been used sporadically throughout its history and was vacant during parts of the 18th and 19th centuries (when all former holders of the rank were deceased). After the Second World War, it became standard practice to appoint the Chief of the Imperial General Staff (later renamed Chief of the General Staff) to the rank on his last day in the post. Army officers occupying the post of Chief of the Defence Staff, the professional head of all the British Armed Forces, were usually promoted to the rank upon their appointment.In total, 141 men have held the rank of field marshal. The majority led careers in the British Army or the British Indian Army, rising through the ranks to eventually become a field marshal. Some members of the British Royal Family—most recently Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, and Charles, Prince of Wales—were promoted to the rank after shorter periods of service. Three British monarchs—George V, Edward VIII, and George VI— assumed the rank on their accessions to the throne, while Edward VII was already a field marshal, and two British consorts—Albert, Prince Consort and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh—were appointed by their respective queens. Other ceremonial appointments were made as diplomatic gestures. Twelve foreign monarchs held the honour, though three (Wilhelm II, German Emperor; Franz Joseph I, Austrian Emperor; and Hirohito, Emperor of Japan) were stripped of it when their countries became enemies of Britain and her allies in the two world wars. Also awarded the rank were one Frenchman (Ferdinand Foch) and one Australian (Sir Thomas Blamey), honoured for their contributions to World War I and World War II respectively, and one foreign statesman (Jan Smuts).A report commissioned by the Ministry of Defence in 1995 made a number of recommendations for financial savings in the armed forces' budget, one of which was the abolition of the five-star ranks. Part of the rationale was that these ranks were disproportionate to the size of the forces commanded by these officers and that none of the United Kingdom's close allies, such as the United States (which reserves the rank of general of the army for officers who have commanded large armies in major wars), used such ranks. The recommendation was not taken up in full, but the practice of promoting service chiefs to five-star ranks was stopped and the ranks are now reserved for special circumstances. Sir Peter Inge was, in 1994, the last active officer to be promoted to the rank. Inge relinquished the post of Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS) in 1997 and his successor, Sir Charles Guthrie, was the first officer not to be promoted upon appointment as CDS.The most recent promotions to field marshal came in 2012, eighteen years after the moratorium on routine promotions to the rank, when Queen Elizabeth II promoted Prince Charles, her son and heir apparent, to the five-star ranks in all three services, in recognition of support provided for her in her capacity as Commander-in-Chief of the British Armed Forces. At the same time, Guthrie, who relinquished the post of CDS and retired from active service in 2001, was promoted to honorary field marshal. In June 2014 former Chief of the Defence Staff Lord Walker of Aldringham was also promoted to honorary field marshal.Although the rank of field marshal is not used in the Royal Marines, the insignia is used on the uniform of the Captain General, the ceremonial head of the corps (equivalent to colonel-in-chief).

House of Lords Reform Act 2014

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To this day, 98 members resigned or retired and 6 memberships ceased under the provisions of the act because of non-attendance.

List of Knights and Ladies of the Garter

The Most Noble Order of the Garter was founded by Edward III of England in 1348. Dates shown are of nomination or installation; coloured rows indicate Princes of Wales, Royal Knights & Ladies and Stranger Knights & Ladies, none of whom counts toward the 24-member limit.

List of barons in the peerages of Britain and Ireland

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This page includes all life barons, including the Law Lords created under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876. However hereditary peers with the rank of viscount or higher holding also a life peerage are not included.

List of current members of the British Privy Council

This is a list of current members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, along with the roles they fulfil and the date when they were sworn of the Council. Throughout this article, the prefix The Rt Hon. is omitted, because every Counsellor bears it, as is the postnominal PC, as every Counsellor who is also a peer uses it.

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Coat of arms of Peter Inge, Baron Inge
Coat of Arms of Peter, Baron Inge
Notes
Knight since 1988
Coronet
Coronet of a Baron
Crest
Issuing from a representation of the White Tower of London Argent, a Phoenix Or, inflamed Gules.
Torse
Mantling Argent and Gules.
Escutcheon
Argent, on a Cross nowy formy throughout Gules, the limbs voided Vert, a Rose Argent, barbed and seeded Or.
Supporters
Dexter: a Ram Or, armed, unguled and gorged with Lozenges conjoined Gules, supporting a UK Field Marshal’s Baton erect proper.
Sinister: a Lion Or, gorged with Lozenges conjoined Gules, supporting a UK Field Marshal’s Baton erect proper.
Compartment
A Limestone Rock proper.
Motto
SEMPER FIDES
Latin: Always faithful
Orders
The Order of the Garter circlet (Appointed 2001).
The collar as Grand Cross Knight of the Order of the Bath (Appointed KCB 1988 & GCB 1992)[28][29][30][31]
Banner
Garter Banner of the Baron Inge.svg The banner of the Baron Inge's arms used as knight of the Garter depicted at St George's Chapel.
Commanders-in-Chief of the Forces
Chief of the General Staff
Chiefs of the Imperial General Staff
Chiefs of the General Staff
Members of the Butler Review
Ex officio
Knights and Ladies
Companion
Royal Knights
and Ladies
Stranger Knights
and Ladies
Officers

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