Peter Högl

Peter Högl (19 August 1897 – 2 May 1945) was a German officer holding the rank of SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) who was a member of one of Adolf Hitler's bodyguard units. He spent time in the Führerbunker in Berlin at the end of World War II. Högl later died from wounds received during the break-out on 2 May 1945 while crossing the Weidendammer Bridge under heavy fire in Berlin.

Peter Högl
Born19 August 1897
Dingolfing, Bavaria
Died2 May 1945 (aged 47)
Berlin, Germany
Allegiance German Empire
 Nazi Germany
Service/branchFlag of the Schutzstaffel.svg Schutzstaffel
Years of service1916-1919,1934–1945
Commands heldChief of Department 1
Battles/warsBattle of Berlin

Early life and career

Högl was born near Dingolfing in Bavaria. After he left school he worked as a miller in Landshut until he joined the 16th Bavarian Infantry Regiment in 1916; there, he then saw active service in World War I and reached the rank of Unteroffizier. He left the army in 1919 and joined the Bavarian police, transferring to the criminal police in 1932.[1]

Nazi career

He joined the SS (member number: 249,998) and became a member of Adolf Hitler's bodyguard unit in 1933 and attained the rank of SS-Obersturmführer (first lieutenant) in 1934. From April 1935 he became the deputy to Johann Rattenhuber in the Reichssicherheitsdienst (Reich Security Service; RSD) and later was appointed Chief of RSD Department 1 (responsible for the personal protection of Hitler on a day-to-day basis during the war).[2] In this capacity he was posted to the Obersalzberg, Munich and Berlin. From November 1944 forward, he was stationed in Berlin and held the title of Criminal Director.[1] Beginning in January 1945, Högl spent time in the Führerbunker located below the Reich Chancellery garden in central Berlin. In April 1945, it became a de facto Führer Headquarters during the Battle of Berlin, and ultimately, the last one of Hitler's headquarters.[3]

Capture of Hermann Fegelein

On 27 April 1945, Högl was sent out from the Chancellery to find Heinrich Himmler's liaison man in Berlin, SS-Gruppenführer and Generalleutnant of the Waffen-SS Hermann Fegelein who had abandoned his post at the Führerbunker.[4] Fegelein was caught by the RSD squad in his Berlin apartment, wearing civilian clothes and preparing to flee to Sweden or Switzerland. He was carrying cash—German and foreign—and jewellery, some of which belonged to Eva Braun. Fegelein was intoxicated when arrested by Högl and brought back to the Führerbunker where he was kept in a makeshift cell.[4] The following evening, Hitler was informed of the BBC broadcast of a Reuters news report about Himmler's attempted negotiations with the western Allies via Count Folke Bernadotte of Sweden.[5] Hitler in a rage ordered Himmler's arrest.[6] Further, a military tribunal was ordered by Hitler to court-martial Fegelein. Waffen-SS General Wilhelm Mohnke presided over the tribunal which included Generals Rattenhuber, Hans Krebs and Wilhelm Burgdorf. Although he was certain Fegelein was "guilty of flagrant desertion", Mohnke persuaded his fellow judges to close the proceedings and turned the defendant over to General Rattenhuber and his security squad. Mohnke never saw Fegelein again.[7]


After Hitler's death on 30 April, Högl, Ewald Lindloff, Hans Reisser, and Heinz Linge carried his corpse up the stairs to ground level and through the bunker's emergency exit to the bombed-out garden behind the Reich Chancellery. There, Högl and the others witnessed the cremation of Hitler and Eva Braun.[8][9] On the following night of 1 May, Högl joined Rattenhuber to try and break-out from the Soviet Red Army encirclement. After midnight on 2 May 1945, he was wounded in the head while crossing the Weidendammer Bridge and died of his injuries.[1] Högl was 47 years old.


  1. ^ a b c Joachimsthaler 1999, p. 292.
  2. ^ Felton 2014, p. 23.
  3. ^ Beevor 2002, p. 357.
  4. ^ a b Kershaw 2008, p. 942.
  5. ^ Joachimsthaler 1999, pp. 277, 278.
  6. ^ Kershaw 2008, pp. 945, 946.
  7. ^ O'Donnell 1978, pp. 182, 183.
  8. ^ Linge 2009, p. 200.
  9. ^ Joachimsthaler 1999, pp. 197-200.


  • Beevor, Antony (2002). Berlin – The Downfall 1945. New York: Viking-Penguin. ISBN 978-0-670-03041-5.
  • Bullock, Alan (1999) [1952]. Hitler: A Study in Tyranny. New York: Konecky & Konecky. ISBN 978-1-56852-036-0.
  • Felton, Mark (2014). Guarding Hitler: The Secret World of the Führer. London: Pen and Sword Military. ISBN 978-1-78159-305-9.
  • Joachimsthaler, Anton (1999) [1995]. The Last Days of Hitler: The Legends, the Evidence, the Truth. Trans. Helmut Bögler. London: Brockhampton Press. ISBN 978-1-86019-902-8.
  • Kershaw, Ian (2008). Hitler: A Biography. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-06757-6.
  • Linge, Heinz (2009). With Hitler to the End. Frontline Books–Skyhorse Publishing. ISBN 978-1-60239-804-7.
  • O'Donnell, James P. (1978). The Bunker: The History of the Reich Chancellery Group. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 978-0-395-25719-7.
Death of Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler was an Austrian-German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party, Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and Führer ('Leader') of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. He killed himself by gunshot on 30 April 1945 in his Führerbunker in Berlin. Eva Braun, his wife of one day, committed suicide with him by taking cyanide. In accordance with Hitler's prior written and verbal instructions, that afternoon their remains were carried up the stairs through the bunker's emergency exit, doused in petrol, and set alight in the Reich Chancellery garden outside the bunker. Records in the Soviet archives show that their burned remains were recovered and interred in successive locations until 1946. They were exhumed again and cremated in 1970, and the ashes were scattered.Accounts differ as to the cause of death; one version states that he died by poison only and another view claims that he died by a self-inflicted gunshot while biting down on a cyanide capsule. Contemporary historians have rejected these accounts as being either Soviet propaganda or an attempted compromise in order to reconcile the different conclusions. One eyewitness stated that Hitler's corpse showed signs of having been shot through the mouth, but this has been proven unlikely. Dental remains found on Hitler's corpse were matched with his dental records in 1945.For political reasons, the Soviet Union presented various versions of Hitler's fate. They maintained in the years immediately following the war that Hitler was not dead, but had fled and was being shielded by the former Western Allies.


Dingolfing is a town in southern Bavaria, Germany. It is the seat of the Landkreis (district) Dingolfing-Landau.

Downfall (2004 film)

Downfall (German: Der Untergang) is a 2004 historical war drama film directed by Oliver Hirschbiegel from a screenplay by its producer, Bernd Eichinger. The film stars Bruno Ganz, Alexandra Maria Lara, Corinna Harfouch, Ulrich Matthes, Juliane Köhler, Heino Ferch, Christian Berkel, Matthias Habich, and Thomas Kretschmann. It is set during the Battle of Berlin in World War II, when Nazi Germany is on the verge of defeat, and depicts the final days of Adolf Hitler (portrayed by Ganz).

Principal photography took place from September to November 2003, on location in Berlin, Munich, and in Saint Petersburg, Russia. As the film is set in and around the Führerbunker, Hirschbiegel used eyewitness accounts, survivors' memoirs, and other historical sources during production to reconstruct the look and atmosphere of 1940s Berlin. The screenplay was also based on the books Inside Hitler's Bunker by historian Joachim Fest and Until the Final Hour by Hitler's former private secretary Traudl Junge, among other accounts of the period.

The film premiered at the Toronto Film Festival on 14 September 2004. It was, in part, controversial with audiences for showing the human side of Hitler and its portrayal of members of the Third Reich. It later received a wide theatrical release in Germany under its production company Constantin Film. The film grossed over $92 million, received favourable reviews from critics, and was nominated for Best Foreign Language Film at the 77th Academy Awards. Scenes from the film, such as the one where Hitler displays rage after his generals fail to obey his orders, spawned a series of Internet memes.

Ewald Lindloff

Ewald Lindloff (27 September 1908 – 2 May 1945) was a Waffen-SS officer during World War II, who was present in the Führerbunker on 30 April 1945, when Hitler committed suicide. He was placed in charge of disposing of Hitler's remains. Lindloff was later killed during the break-out on 2 May 1945 while crossing the Weidendammer Bridge under heavy fire in Berlin.

Heinz Linge

Heinz Linge (23 March 1913 – 9 March 1980) was an SS officer who served as a valet for German dictator Adolf Hitler. Linge was present in the Führerbunker on 30 April 1945, when Hitler committed suicide.

Helmuth Weidling

Helmuth Otto Ludwig Weidling (2 November 1891 – 17 November 1955) was a German general during World War II. He was the last commander of the Berlin Defence Area during the Battle of Berlin, and led the defence of the city against Soviet forces, finally surrendering just before the end of World War II in Europe.

Hermann Fegelein

Hans Otto Georg Hermann Fegelein (30 October 1906 – 28 April 1945) was a high-ranking commander in the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany. He was a member of Adolf Hitler's entourage and brother-in-law to Eva Braun through his marriage to her sister Gretl.

Fegelein joined a cavalry regiment of the Reichswehr in 1925 and transferred to the SS on 10 April 1933. He became a leader of an SS equestrian group, and was in charge of preparation for the equestrian events of the Berlin Olympic Games in 1936. He tried out for the Olympic equestrian team himself but was eliminated in the qualifying rounds.

In September 1939, after the Invasion of Poland, Fegelein commanded the SS Totenkopf Reiterstandarte (Death's-Head Horse Regiment). They were garrisoned in Warsaw until December. In May and June 1940, he participated in the Battle of Belgium and France as a member of the SS-Verfügungstruppe (later renamed the Waffen-SS). For his service in these campaigns he was awarded the Iron Cross 2nd Class on 15 December 1940. Units under his command on the Eastern Front in 1941 were responsible for the deaths of over 17,000 civilians during the Pripyat swamps punitive operation in the Byelorussian SSR. As commander of the 8th SS Cavalry Division Florian Geyer in 1943, he was involved in operations against partisans as well as defensive operations against the Red Army, for which he was awarded the Close Combat Clasp in bronze.

After being seriously wounded in September 1943, Fegelein was reassigned by Heinrich Himmler to Hitler's headquarters staff as his liaison officer and representative of the SS. Fegelein was present at the failed attempt on Hitler's life on 20 July 1944. He was on duty at Hitler's Führerbunker in Berlin in the closing months of the war, and was shot for desertion on 28 April 1945, two days before Hitler's suicide. Fegelein was an opportunist who ingratiated himself with Himmler, who granted him the best assignments and rapid promotions. Historians William L. Shirer and Ian Kershaw characterise him as cynical and disreputable. Albert Speer called him "one of the most disgusting people in Hitler's circle".

Index of World War II articles (P)

P-15 Termit

P-59 Airacomet

P-61 Black Widow

P-80 Shooting Star

P 4-class torpedo boat

P. G. Wodehouse

P. O. Box 1142

P. Y. Saeki


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Pacific Fighters

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Pacification of Manchukuo

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Pact of Steel

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Page Field

Page of Testimony

Pagoda mast

Paik Sun-yup


Palacios Municipal Airport

Palais Bourbon

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Palais Royal

Palaiseau (Paris RER)

Palaiseau – Villebon (Paris RER)


Palestinian Jewish Parachutists

Palm Beach International Airport

Palm Springs International Airport


Paloh (film)

Pam Barton

Pampa Army Airfield

Pan-American Security Zone

Pan Jun Shun

Pan Kraft

Pan Wenhua

Panagiotis Paraskevopoulos


Panfilov's Twenty-Eight Guardsmen

Pang Bingxun

Panhard 178

Panhellenic Union of Fighting Youths


Panjiayu Tragedy

Panorama (German news series)

Panorama (German wartime newsreel)

Panteleimon Ponomarenko

Pantheon-Assas University

Panther-Wotan line

Panther tank

Panthéon (Paris)

Panthéon Bouddhique

Panzer 35(t)

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Panzer VIII Maus





Panzerjäger I


Panzerkampfwagen E-100



Panzerschlachten (book)


Panzertruppenschule I

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Papa Charlie McCoy

Pape Sarr

Paper Clips Project

Pappy Boyington


Parachute Battalion

Parachute cord

Paradis Latin

Paradise Camp

Paradise Road (1997 film)

Paragraph 175 (film)

Paragraph 175



Parc André Citroën

Parc de la Villette

Parc de Sceaux (Paris RER)

Parc des Buttes Chaumont

Parc des Princes

Parc Monceau

Parc Montsouris

Parczew partisans



Paris-Sorbonne University

Paris-Sud 11 University

Paris - Le Bourget Airport

Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne University

Paris 13 University

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Paris aire urbaine

Paris Austerlitz railway station

Paris Basket Racing

Paris Beauvais Tillé Airport

Paris Bourse

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Paris chronology

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Historical quarters of Paris

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Paris massacre of 1961

Paris Masters

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Paris Métro Line 15

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Paris Métro Line 3

Paris Métro Line 3bis

Paris Métro Line 4

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Paris Métro train fire

Paris Métro

Paris Olympia

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Paris Peace Treaties, 1947

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Paris Saint-Germain FC

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Paris Saint Lazare railway station

Paris School of Economics

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Paris syndrome

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Paris Tramway Line 1

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Paris Tramway Line 4

Paris Universitas

Paris VI University

Paris X University Nanterre

Paris, Paris: Journey into the City of Light


Parisian café

Parisii (Gaul)




Parit Sulong Massacre

Parkash Singh

Parkes Institute

Parmentier (Paris Métro)

Parren Mitchell

Partei National Orientierter Schweizer

Parthian-class submarine

Parti national social chrétien

Parti Populaire Français

Participants in World War II

Participation of Ceylon in World War II

Partisans (novel)

Party Chancellery

Parzival Copes


Pascal Delhommeau

Pascal Nouma

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Pascale Cossart

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Paso Robles Municipal Airport

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Passy (Paris Métro)

Passy Cemetery


Pasteur (Paris Métro)

Pat Clayton

Pat Creeden

Pat Darling

Pat Flaherty (actor)

Pat Morita

Pat Paulsen

Pat Reid

Pat Suzuki

Patapsco-class gasoline tanker

Paterson Clarence Hughes

Pathfinders (military)

Pathway to Glory: Ikusa Islands

Pathway to Glory

Patoka-class oiler

Patriarch Sergius I of Moscow

Patrice Garande

Patrice Lecornu

Patrice Loko

Patrice Rio

Patricia O'Sullivan

Patricio Noriega

Patrick Anthony Porteous

Patrick Buchan-Hepburn, 1st Baron Hailes

Patrick Colleter

Patrick Dalzel-Job

Patrick Gaubert

Patrick Gibson, Baron Gibson

Patrick H. Hart

Patrick Hore-Ruthven

Patrick J. Hillings

Patrick L. Kessler

Patrick Leahy (athlete)

Patrick Leigh Fermor

Patrick Macnee

Patrick Mboma

Patrick Moore

Patrick O'Hanrahan

Patrick Pera

Patrick Pons

Patrick Stanley Vaughan Heenan

Patrick Suffo

Patrick Tabacco

Patrick Tambay

Patrick Vieira

Patrick Wall

Patriotic Youth League

Patrolling the Ether

Pattern 1914 Enfield

Patton's Speech to the Third Army

Patton (film)

Patton Versus Rommel

Paul-Albert Besnard

Paul-André Crépeau

Paul-Armand Challemel-Lacour

Paul-Henri Spaak

Paul-Marie Coûteaux

Paul-Martin Gallocher de Lagalisserie

Paul-Philippe Hohenzollern

Paul-Pierre Philippe

Paul-Werner Hozzel

Paul Éluard

Paul A. Dever

Paul Anspach

Paul Arnaud de Foïard

Paul Auguste Ernest Laugier

Paul Aussaresses

Paul B. Huff

Paul Bacon (politician)

Paul Bannai

Paul Bellot

Paul Berg

Paul Blobel

Paul Bontemps

Paul Bourget

Paul Brickhill

Paul Bryan

Paul Bäumer

Paul Carbone

Paul Carell

Paul Chenailler

Paul Chihara

Paul Claudel

Paul Colas

Paul Colin (journalist)

Paul Costello

Paul D. Adams

Paul David

Paul de Montgolfier

Paul Deschanel

Paul Desmond

Paul Dessau

Paul Douglas

Paul Dujardin

Paul Dukas

Paul F. Riordan

Paul Faure (archeologist)

Paul Ferdonnet

Paul François Jean Nicolas, vicomte de Barras

Paul Frees

Paul Freiherr von Eltz-Rübenach

Paul Fromm (philanthropist)

Paul Fussell

Paul Fässler

Paul G. Baker

Paul Gailly

Paul Giesler

Paul Gouyon

Paul Grüninger

Paul H. Emmett

Paul Harvey

Paul Hausser

Paul Henri Lecomte

Paul Hervieu

Paul Hindemith

Paul J. Wiedorfer

Paul Jennings (UK author)

Paul K. Carlton

Paul König

Paul Kersey (Death Wish)

Paul L. Kirk

Paul Kletzki

Paul Kurtz

Paul L. Bolden

Paul L. Freeman, Jr.

Paul Löbe

Paul Lacoste (academic)

Paul Langevin

Paul Legentilhomme

Paul Lejeune-Jung

Paul Logasa Bogen

Paul Lotsij

Paul László

Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist

Paul M. Davis, Jr.

Paul M. Hebert

Paul MacKendrick

Paul Maitla

Paul Martin (athlete)

Paul Martineau

Paul Mauriat

Paul Mellon

Paul Meyer (philologist)

Paul Morand

Paul Nemenyi

Paul Newman

Paul Nitsche

Paul Nizan

Paul O. Müller

Paul Olum

Paul Painlevé

Paul Pelliot

Paul Pellisson

Paul Philippoteaux

Paul Pleiger

Paul Probst

Paul Pulewka

Paul Radmilovic

Paul Ramadier

Paul Rassinier

Paul Rosbaud

Paul Rostock

Paul S. Frament

Paul Sauvé

Paul Scharfe

Paul Schmiedlin

Paul Schmitthenner

Paul Schultze-Naumburg

Paul Schäfer

Paul Signac

Paul Stern

Paul Sturzenegger

Paul Sweezy

Paul Tanner

Paul Tibbets

Paul Touvier

Paul Triquet

Paul Troost

Paul V. McNutt

Paul Valéry

Paul Van Asbroeck

Paul Veyne

Paul von Hase

Paul von Hindenburg

Paul W. Airey

Paul Wenneker

Paul Wittgenstein

Paul Wyatt

Paul, 6th duc de Noailles


Paulette Cooper

Pauline Gower

Pauline Whittier

Paulo César Arruda Parente

Paulo Diogo

Pavel Batov

Pavel Haas

Pavel Luspekayev

Pavel Rotmistrov

Pavel Rybalko

Pavillon de Flore

Pavillon Suisse

Pavle Jurišić Šturm

Pavlov's House

Pavol Peter Gojdič

Pawłokoma massacre

Paweł Frenkiel

Paweł Jasienica

Paweł Parniak


PB2Y Coronado

Pbil m/40

PBY Catalina

PC Bruno

Peace In Our Time (play)

Pearl (miniseries)

Pearl Cornioley

Pearl Harbor (film)

Pearl Harbor advance-knowledge debate

Pearl Harbor Commemorative Medal

Pearl Harbor

Peat Bog Soldiers (song)

Pecos Municipal Airport

Peder Lykkeberg

Pedro Arispe

Pedro Cea

Pedro de Lerma

Pedro del Valle

Pedro Gonzalez-Gonzalez

Pedro Petrone

Pedro Quartucci

Pedro Rodriguez (soldier)


Pegasus Bridge

Peggy Fleming

Peiking – Suiyuan Railway Operation

Peiping National Military Council

Peking Plan

Pelleport (Paris Métro)

Penal military unit

Penetration (warfare)

Peng Dehuai

Peng Yubin

Pennsylvania-class battleship

Pensacola Convoy

People's Court (German)

People's Liberation Army (Yugoslavia)

People's Liberation Army Air Force

People's Liberation Army General Staff Department

People's Liberation Army Ground Force

People's Liberation Army Marine Corps

People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force

People's Liberation Army Navy Organization

People's Liberation Army Navy

People's Liberation Army of Macedonia

People's Liberation Army Special Operations Forces

People's Liberation Army

People's National Party (Russia)

People associated with Anne Frank

Pepi Bader

Pepsi Globe

Per Albin Hansson

Per Anger

Per Bergsland

Per Degaton

Per Faye-Hansen

Per Imerslund

Per Kaufeldt

Per Stig Møller

Per Willy Guttormsen

Percentages agreement

Percival Eric Gratwick

Percy Bernard, 5th Earl of Bandon

Percy Browne

Percy Charles Pickard

Percy Ernst Schramm

Percy F. Westerman

Percy Hansen

Percy Heath

Percy Hobart

Percy Lockhart Harnam Noble

Percy Lucas

Percy W. Nelles

Peregrine Cust, 6th Baron Brownlow

Pereire (Paris Métro)

Peresvet-class battleship

Perforated sheets

Perica Radić

Perlo group

Perry-Foley Airport

Perseus (spy)

Persian Corridor

Persian Gulf Command

Pervenche Berès

Petagas War Memorial

Petar Brzica

Petar Drapšin

Pete Appleton

Pete Desjardins

Pete Mead

Pete Tunstall

Peter-Erich Cremer

Peter Abelard

Peter Acland

Peter Bamm

Peter Butterworth

Peter Calvocoressi

Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington

Peter Carter-Ruck

Peter Churchill

Peter Cszhech

Peter Cundy

Peter Dervan

Peter Dmytruk

Peter Düttmann

Peter Fernandez

Peter Fitzgerald-Moore

Peter Fraser

Peter Freuchen

Peter Gingold

Peter Gitelman

Peter H. Dominick

Peter H. Irons

Peter Högl

Peter Hammerschlag

Peter Harold Wright

Peter Hill-Norton, Baron Hill-Norton

Peter Horsley

Peter II of Yugoslavia

Peter J. Dalessondro

Peter Kemp (writer)

Peter Kien

Peter L'Huillier

Peter Lax

Peter Legh, 4th Baron Newton

Peter Longerich

Peter Luccin

Peter Munk

Peter Novick

Peter O'Donnell

Peter Oliver, Baron Oliver of Aylmerton

Peter Pan's Flight

Peter Phipps

Peter Raabe

Peter Rawlinson, Baron Rawlinson of Ewell

Peter Rochegune Munch

Peter Rodd

Peter Sallis

Peter Scawen Watkinson Roberts

Peter Schidlof

Peter Smithers

Peter Thomas (television narrator)

Peter Thomas, Baron Thomas of Gwydir

Peter Tomich

Peter Towe

Peter Townsend (RAF officer)

Peter Twiss

Peter Ustinov

Peter van Pels

Peter Vanneck

Peter Victor Danckwerts

Peter W. Fay

Peter Wentworth-FitzWilliam, 8th Earl FitzWilliam

Peter Werfft

Peter Wilkinson (SOE)

Peter Worthington

Peter Yorck von Wartenburg

Petersberg Agreement

Petey Sarron


Petit Palais

Petit Pont

Petlyakov Pe-2

Petlyakov Pe-3

Petlyakov Pe-8

Petr Braiko

Petr Eben

Petr Ginz

Petr Mikhailovich Stefanovskiy

Petras Kubiliūnas

Petre Crowder

Petre Dumitrescu

Petro Dyachenko

Petro Mirchuk

Petro Voinovsky

Petro Zakhvalynsky

Petru Groza

Petrus Jacobs

Petrus Ramus

Peveril Meigs

Pfalz D.III

Pfalz D.VIII

Pfalz D.XII

Phantom Manor

Phayap Army

Phelim O'Neill, 2nd Baron Rathcavan

Phil (Hey Arnold!)

Phil Amos

Phil Rasmussen

Phil Rizzuto

Philip Abelson

Philip Bell

Philip Berrigan

Philip C. Wehle

Philip Christison

Philip D. Gallery

Philip F. Fullard

Philip H. Morgan

Philip Hall Coombs

Philip Hart

Philip J. Corso

Philip J. Dolan

Philip James Shears

Philip John Gardner

Philip Johnston (code talker)

Philip Joubert de la Ferté

Philip Moon

Philip Morrison

Philip Neame

Philip Noel-Baker, Baron Noel-Baker

Philip Rhoden

Philip Russell Rendel Dunne

Philip Sheppard

Philip Streczyk

Philip Tomalin

Philip Toosey

Philip Tower

Philip Vassar Hunter

Philip Vian

Philip Ward

Philip Woodfield

Philip Yampolsky

Philipp Bouhler

Philipp Etter

Philipp Ludwig von Sinzendorf

Philipp of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 6th Prince of Kohary

Philipp Rupprecht

Philipp von Boeselager

Philippe-Antoine Merlin de Douai

Philippe Alexandre Jules Künckel d'Herculais

Philippe Anziani

Philippe Auguste (Paris Métro)

Philippe Beaussant

Philippe Bergeroo

Philippe Billy

Philippe Clay

Philippe de Dangeau

Philippe de Gaulle

Philippe de Montebello

Philippe de Rothschild

Philippe de Vitry

Philippe Flajolet

Philippe Gondet

Philippe Henriot

Philippe Jeannol

Philippe Kieffer

Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe

Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque

Philippe Magnier

Philippe Néricault Destouches

Philippe Paul, comte de Ségur

Philippe Petit

Philippe Pottier

Philippe Pélissier

Philippe Pétain

Philippe Quinault

Philippe Tailliez

Philippe Taquet

Philippe Viannay

Philippine Army Air Corps

Philippine Department

Philippine Division (United States)

Philippine Executive Commission

1943 Philippine general election

Philippines campaign (1944–45)

Phillip Benjamin Baldwin

Phillip Burton

Phillip Davidson

Phillip Hart Weaver

Phillips Holmes

Phineas Priesthood

Phoenix breakwaters

Phoenix Triumphant

Phoney War

Phyllis Covell

Phyllis Harding

Phytoremediation, Hyperaccumulators

Piaśnica Wielka

Piaggio P.108

Piaggio P.119

Piaggio P.32

Piara Singh Gill


Piccadilly Lilly II

Picpus (Paris Métro)

Picpus Cemetery

Piece of Cake (book)

Piece of Cake (TV series)

Pierino Gabetti

Pierpont M. Hamilton

Pierre-Alain Frau

Pierre-Albert Chapuisat

Pierre-André Taguieff

Pierre-Antoine Cousteau

Pierre-Antoine Lebrun

Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée

Pierre-Gilles de Gennes

Pierre-Henri de Valenciennes

Pierre-Henri Teitgen

Pierre-Jean de Béranger

Pierre-Jean Rémy

Pierre-Marie Théas

Pierre-Simon Ballanche

Pierre-Simon Laplace

Pierre-Yves André

Pierre Allemane

Pierre and Marie Curie University

Pierre Augereau

Pierre Baillot

Pierre Beaumarchais

Pierre Benoit (novelist)

Pierre Berthier

Pierre Berton

Pierre Boaistuau

Pierre Boulez

Pierre Bourdieu

Pierre Braunstein

Pierre Briant

Pierre Brossolette

Pierre Broué

Pierre Bruno Bourla

Pierre Bérégovoy

Pierre Cambronne

Pierre Cartellier

Pierre Chambon

Pierre Charles Le Monnier

Pierre Clostermann

Pierre Coquelin de Lisle

Pierre Corneille

Pierre Curie

Pierre Daniel Huet

Pierre Daye

Pierre de Coubertin

Pierre de L'Estoile

Pierre de l’Estache

Pierre de Marivaux

Pierre Delalande (engineer)

Pierre Deligne

Pierre Desproges

Pierre Dewin

Pierre Drieu La Rochelle

Pierre Dréossi

Pierre du Ryer

Pierre Ducrocq

Pierre Dumage

Pierre Dupong

Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris Métro)

Pierre Frank

Pierre François Tissot

Pierre Fresnay

Pierre Frieden

Pierre Gaxotte

Pierre Georges Louis d'Hugues

Pierre Georges

Pierre Grimal

Pierre Hantaï

Pierre Janet

Pierre Jean George Cabanis

Pierre Jeanpierre

Pierre Joliot

Pierre Laval

Pierre Le Gloan

Pierre Le Gros the Younger

Pierre Lechantre

Pierre Levegh

Pierre Lewden

Pierre Loti

Pierre Louis Jean Casimir de Blacas

Pierre Louis Maupertuis

Pierre Louis Roederer

Pierre Macquer

Pierre Mairesse Lebrun

Pierre Mendès-France

Pierre Messmer

Pierre Moinot

Pierre Morice

Pierre Moscovici

Pierre Méchain

Pierre Nora

Pierre Nord

Pierre Paul Prud'hon

Pierre Paul Royer-Collard

Pierre Potain

Pierre Rosanvallon

Pierre Rosenberg

Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours

Pierre Schneiter

Pierre Schunck

Pierre Seel

Pierre Sinibaldi

Pierre Séguier

Pierre Sévigny

Pierre Taittinger

Pierre Vermeulen

Pierre Versteegh

Pierre Victor Auger

Pierre Vidal-Naquet

Pierre Villon

Piet Ikelaar

Pieter de Villiers (rugby player)

Pieter Menten

Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy

Pietro Badoglio

Pietro Gazzera

Pietro Ingrao

Petar Ivanov

Pietro Nenni

Pietro Palazzini

Pigalle (Paris Métro)

Pilgrimage (book)

Pillar of the Boatmen

Pillbox affair

Pilot no. 5

Pimpernel Smith



Pingjin Campaign

Pingley POW Camp

Pink triangle

Pinky Pinkerton

Pinocchio's Daring Journey

Pio Laporte

Piotr Feliks

Piotr Michał Czartoryski

Piotr Smoleński

Pirates of the Caribbean (theme park ride)


Pistolet maszynowy Mors


Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital

Pius Ndiefi

Pièce du Procès de Pablo Ocelotl et ses Fils



Plötzensee Prison

PLA-AF 15th Fighter Division

PLA-AF 1st Fighter Division

PLA-AF 24th Fighter Division

PLA-AF 34th Transport Division

PLA-AF 4th Fighter Division

PLA-AF 7th Fighter Division

PLA Military Region

Place Blanche

Place d'Italie (Paris Métro)

Place d'Italie

Place de Clichy (Paris Métro)

Place de l'Étoile

Place de l'Hôtel-de-Ville

Place de la Bastille

Place de la Concorde

Place de la République

Place Denfert-Rochereau

Place des Fêtes (Paris Métro)

Place des Victoires

Place des Vosges

Place du Châtelet

Place du Colonel Fabien

Place du Louvre

Place du Tertre

Place Monge (Paris Métro)

Place Saint-Michel

Place Saint-Sulpice

Place Vendôme

Plaek Pibulsonggram

Plamen Markov

Plan Frederiks

Plan Jael

Plan Kathleen

Plan Rubber

Plan W

Plan West

Plan Wschód

Plan Z

Plane Daffy

Planned destruction of Warsaw

Planned invasion of Australia during World War II

Planning for the Battle of Iwo Jima

Play Dirty

Playing for Time (film)

Plaza Athénée

Plymouth Blitz



Pützer Elster


Pocomoke-class seaplane tender

Podolska Cavalry Brigade

Poem code

Pogrom in Krnjeuša

Pohl Trial

Point Four Program

Pointe du Hoc

Poissonnière (Paris Métro)

Poissy (SNCF)


Pola's March

Poles in the Wehrmacht

Police forces of Nazi Germany


Polikarpov I-15

Polikarpov I-16

Polikarpov I-185

Polikarpov Po-2

Polish-Lithuanian relations during World War II

Polish-Romanian Alliance

Polish 11th Infantry Division

Polish 12th Infantry Division

Polish 13th Infantry Division

Polish 17th Infantry Division

Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade

Polish 1st Tadeusz Kościuszko Infantry Division

Polish 25th Infantry Division

Polish 26th Infantry Division

Polish 29th Infantry Division

Polish 2nd Legions Infantry Division

Polish 2nd Mountain Brigade

Polish 2nd Warsaw Infantry Division

Polish 30th Infantry Division

Polish 38th Infantry Division

Polish 3rd Carpathian Rifle Division

Polish 3rd Legions Infantry Division

Polish 3rd Mountain Brigade

Polish 5th Infantry Division

Polish Air Forces in France and Great Britain

Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany

Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union

Polish armaments 1939-1945

Polish Armed Forces in the East

Polish Armed Forces in the West

Polish Army in France (1939-1940)

Polish Army in the United Kingdom

Polish army order of battle in 1939

Polish cavalry brigade order of battle in 1939

Polish cemetery at Monte Cassino

Polish contribution to World War II

Polish culture during World War II

Polish death camp

Polish Enigma doubles

Polish Fighting Team

Polish First Army

Polish government-in-exile

Polish I Corps in the Soviet Union

Polish I Corps in the West

Polish Independent Carpathian Rifle Brigade

Polish Independent Highland Brigade

Polish mine detector

Polish Navy order of battle in 1939

Polish prisoners of war in the Soviet Union (after 1939)

Polish Resettlement Corps

Polish resistance movement in World War II

Polish Righteous Among the Nations

Polish Second Army

Polish Southern Front

Polish Underground State

Polish War Memorial

Polish Workers' Party

Political Committee of National Liberation

Political decorations of the Nazi Party

Political Warfare Executive

Politics of Manchukuo

Politics of the United States during World War II

Polnisches Schutzmannschaftsbataillon 202

Polotsk Offensive Operation

Pomeranian Cavalry Brigade

Pomeranian Wall

Pomorze Army

Pompeo D'Ambrosio

Ponary massacre

Ponce Denis Écouchard Lebrun

Poncke Princen

Pont Alexandre III

Pont amont

Pont au Change

Pont au Double

Pont aval

Pont Charles-de-Gaulle

Pont d'Arcole

Pont d'Austerlitz

Pont d'Iéna

Pont d'Oxford

Pont de Bercy

Pont de Bir-Hakeim

Pont de Grenelle

Pont de l'Alma

Pont de l'Archevêché

Pont de la Concorde (Paris)

Pont de la Tournelle

Pont de Levallois - Bécon (Paris Métro)

Pont de Neuilly (Paris Métro)

Pont de Sully

Pont de Sèvres (Paris Métro)

Pont de Tolbiac

Pont des Arts

Pont des Invalides

Pont du Carrousel

Pont du Garigliano

Pont Louis-Philippe

Pont Marie (Paris Métro)

Pont Marie

Pont Mirabeau

Pont National

Pont Neuf (Paris Métro)

Pont Neuf

Pont Notre-Dame

Pont Rouelle

Pont Royal

Pont Saint-Louis

Pont Saint-Michel

Pontoise railway station

Pope B. Holliday, Jr.

Pope Benedict XVI

Pope Paul VI

Pope Pius XII Church policies after World War II

Pope Pius XII



Porfirio Muñoz Ledo

Port-Royal (Paris RER)

Port Arthur massacre (China)

Port Chicago Naval Magazine National Memorial

Port du Louvre

Porte d'Auteuil (Paris Métro)

Porte d'Orléans (Paris Métro)

Porte Dauphine (Paris Métro)

Porte de Bagnolet (Paris Métro)

Porte de Champerret (Paris Métro)

Porte de Choisy (Paris Métro)

Porte de Clignancourt (Paris Métro)

Porte de la Chapelle (Paris Métro)

Porte de la Villette (Paris Métro)

Porte de Montreuil (Paris Métro)

Porte de Pantin (Paris Métro)

Porte de Saint-Cloud (Paris Métro)

Porte de Saint-Ouen (Paris Métro)

Porte de Vanves (Paris Métro)

Porte de Versailles (Paris Métro)

Porte de Vincennes (Paris Métro)

Porte des Lilas (Paris Métro)

Porte Maillot (Paris Métro)

Porte Saint-Denis

Porte Saint-Martin


Porterville Municipal Airport

Portrait of Alof de Wignacourt and his Page (Caravaggio)

Portrait of Balthasar Castiglione (Raphael)

Portrait of Dr. Gachet

Portrait of Princess (Pisanello)

Portraits, At the Stock Exchange

Poryck Massacre

Posavje Great Parish

Posen Conference

Posen speeches

Positive Christianity

Posse Comitatus (organization)


Post–World War II baby boom

Post–World War II demobilization strikes

Poston War Relocation Center

Postwar Sherman tanks

Potsdam Agreement

Potsdam Conference

Potsdam Declaration

Potulice concentration camp

Poul Andersen

Povilas Plechavičius

POW Camp 115, Whitecross, St. Columb Major

POW labor in the Soviet Union

Poznań Army


PPG tankette


Próspero París

Prafulla Kumar Sen

Prague Manifesto

Prague Offensive

Prague uprising

Praise the Lord and Pass the Ammunition

Prakash Singh Chib

Pratt Army Airfield

Pratt C. Remmel

Pravda-class submarine


Prealpine Operations Zone

Prebilovci massacre

Prefecture of Police

Prelude to War

Prem Sahgal

Premindra Singh Bhagat

Preproduction B-24

President Jackson-class attack transport

Preston Corderman

Preston E. Peden

Price Daniel

Pride of the Marines

Primo Levi

Prince Achille Murat

Prince Adalbert of Bavaria (1886-1970)

Prince Alfons of Bavaria

Prince Arisugawa Taruhito

Prince Asaka (Yasuhiko)

Prince Chichibu

Prince Ernst von Hohenberg

Prince Eugene of Savoy

Prince Franz of Bavaria

Prince Fushimi Hiroyasu

Prince Fushimi Sadanaru

Prince Georg of Bavaria

Prince Gustav Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten

Prince Harry (Birmoverse)

Prince Heinrich of Bavaria

Prince Higashifushimi Yorihito

Prince Higashikuni Naruhiko

Prince Hubertus of Prussia

Prince Hubertus of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Prince Hulon Preston, Jr.

Prince Kacho Hirotsune

Prince Kan'in Kotohito

Prince Karl of Bavaria (1874-1927)

Prince Kaya Tsunenori

Prince Kitashirakawa Nagahisa

Prince Kitashirakawa Yoshihisa

Prince Komatsu Akihito

Prince Konrad of Bavaria

Prince Konstantin of Bavaria

Prince Kuni Asaakira

Prince Kyril of Bulgaria

Prince Louis Napoléon

Prince Nashimoto (Morimasa)

Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh

Prince Takeda Tsunehisa

Prince Takehito Arisugawa

Prince Tsuneyoshi Takeda

Princess Adélaïde of Orléans

Princess Alice of Battenberg

Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester

Princess Antonia of Luxembourg

Princess Elisabeth of Savoy-Carignan

Princess Fadila of Egypt

Princess Irmingard of Bavaria

Princess Mafalda of Savoy

Princess Märtha of Sweden

Princess Sophie von Hohenberg

Principality of Pindus and Voivodship of Macedonia

Prins van Oranje-class minelayers


Pripyat swamps (punitive operation)

Prison Saint-Lazare

Prisoner of Paradise

Prisoner of War (video game)

Private's Progress

Private Angelo

Private Buckaroo

Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe

Prix mondial Cino Del Duca

Prüfstand VII

Proclamation 2714

Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam

Production Courtyard (Walt Disney Studios Park)

Professor Chromedome

Project Alberta

Project Habakkuk

Project Liberty Ship

Project Pigeon

Project Ragna Rok

Project Riese

Promenade plantée

Proposed Japanese invasion of Australia during World War II


Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon

Prosper Mérimée

Prospère Bruggeman

Prostitution in Japan

Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia

Protestant Reich Church

Proteus OX19

Province of Ljubljana

Provisional Administration

Provisional Government of Lithuania

Provisional Government of the French Republic

Provisional Government of the Republic of China

Prussian Blue (duo)

Prusy Army

Pruszcz Gdański

Przebraże Defence

Przysposobienie Wojskowe Kobiet

Przyszowice massacre

Pré Saint-Gervais (Paris Métro)

Préfecture des Hauts-de-Seine

PS Bhagat

Pál Koppán

Pál Szalai

Pál Teleki

Psyche Revived by Cupid's Kiss

PT 109 (film)

PT 617

PT boat




Public Broadcasting Service

Pueblo Memorial Airport

Puerto Ricans in World War II

Pug Southerland


Pulaski Riot

Pumpkin bomb

Purple (cipher machine)

Purple triangle

Pursuit of Nazi collaborators

Purushottam Nagesh Oak

Putte Kock


Pyote Air Force Base

Pyotr Blinov

Pyotr Koshevoy

Pyotr Krasnov

Pyotr Masherov

Pyotr Vershigora

Pyramides (Paris Métro)


Pyrénées (Paris Métro)

PZL P.11

PZL P.24


PZL.23 Karaś

PZL.37 Łoś


PZL.46 Sum

PZL.50 Jastrząb

PZL.54 Ryś

Pål Tyldum

Père Lachaise (Paris Métro)

Père Lachaise Cemetery

Père Marie-Benoît

Johann Rattenhuber

Johann Rattenhuber (30 April 1897 – 30 June 1957), also known as Hans Rattenhuber, was a German police and SS general (Gruppenführer, i. e. Generalleutnant). Rattenhuber was the head of German dictator Adolf Hitler's personal Reichssicherheitsdienst (Reich Security Service; RSD) bodyguard from 1933 to 1945. In January 1942, Rattenhuber's RSD units participated in the mass shooting of 227 Jews at Strizhavka. After the war, he was released from Soviet prison on 10 October 1955 and allowed to go to West Germany. He died in Munich in 1957.

List of SS personnel

Between 1925 and 1945, the German Schutzstaffel (SS) grew from eight members to over a quarter of a million Waffen-SS and over a million Allgemeine-SS members. Other members included the SS-Totenkopfverbände (SS-TV), which ran the Nazi concentration and extermination camps. The following list of SS personnel gives the names of notable persons who are counted among the organization's most famous, influential or notorious members.


The Reichssicherheitsdienst (RSD, lit. "Reich security service") was an SS security force of Nazi Germany. Originally bodyguards for Adolf Hitler, it later provided men for the protection of other high-ranking leaders of the Nazi regime. The group, although similar in name, was completely separate from the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) which was the formal intelligence service for the SS, the Nazi Party and later Nazi Germany.

Its role also included personal security, investigation of assassination plots, surveillance of locations before the arrival of Nazi dignitaries and vetting buildings as well as guests. The RSD had the power to request assistance from any other SS organisations and take command of all Ordnungspolizei (order police) in its role protecting the Nazi functionaries.

Theodor Morell

Theodor Gilbert Morell (22 July 1886 – 26 May 1948) was a German doctor known for acting as Adolf Hitler's personal physician. Morell was well known in Germany for his unconventional treatments. He assisted Hitler daily in virtually everything he did for several years and was beside Hitler until the last stages of the Battle of Berlin.

Final occupants of the Führerbunker by date of departure (1945)
20 April
21 April
22 April
23 April
24 April
28 April
29 April
30 April
1 May
2 May
Still present on 2 May
Committed suicide


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