Perisher Valley, New South Wales

Perisher Valley, commonly called Perisher, is a valley formed below Mount Perisher, a mountain that is located in the Snowy Mountains of New South Wales, Australia.

Located in the Snowy Monaro Regional Council, the valley is the site of one of four resort bases of the Perisher Ski Resort, which also comprises Guthega, Blue Cow and Smiggin Holes. It is located within the Kosciuszko National Park between Jindabyne and Charlotte Pass on the Kosciuszko Road. Access to the Valley is via the Skitube Alpine Railway or by road. Although it is primarily a winter only resort village, year round accommodations are available, including great tours, and bush walks.[1]

At the 2011 census, Perisher Village had a population of 149 people.[2] In winter, the population is approximately 2,500 due to guests.

Perisher Valley
Perisher from Mount Perisher
Perisher Valley from Mount Perisher.
Perisher Valley is located in New South Wales
Perisher Valley
Perisher Valley
Location in New South Wales
Floor elevation1,720 m (5,640 ft)
Geography
LocationSnowy Mountains, New South Wales, Australia
Coordinates36°24′S 148°25′E / 36.400°S 148.417°E

Climate

Perisher has a subarctic or subalpine climate (Köppen Dsc) with cool summers and cold winters, although the higher peaks have an alpine climate (ETH). Records and averages taken at Perisher Valley, New South Wales, 36.40°S 148.41°E, since 1976.

Snow depth

Snow depth measurements are taken by Snowy Hydro at Spencers Creek, approximately 2 kilometres (1 mi) west of Perisher Valley.

Spencers Creek Average Depths
Average depth curve
Spencers Creek Snow Depths
Full record

History

Perisher Valley, New South Wales
Perisher Valley, New South Wales

The Snowy Mountains region is thought to have had Aboriginal occupation for some twenty thousand years. Large scale intertribal gatherings were held in the High Country during summer for collective feasting on the Bogong moth.

This practice continued until around 1865.[4] European explorers entered the district from 1835, and in 1840, Edmund Strzelecki ascended Mount Kosciuszko and named it after a Polish patriot. High country stockmen followed who used the Snowy Mountains for grazing during the summer months. Banjo Paterson's famous poem The Man From Snowy River recalls this era. The cattle graziers have left a legacy of mountain huts scattered across the area.[5] A story, which may be apocryphal, credits James Spencer, who settled in the area in the 1840s with saying 'What a perisher' when caught in a storm, giving origin to the Perisher area.[6]

The Kosciuszko National Park in which Perisher is situated came into existence as the National Chase Snowy Mountains on 5 December 1906. In 1944 this became the Kosciuszko State Park, and then the Kosciuszko National Park in 1967.[7]

Perisher valley snow fields
Perisher snow fields

The development of Skiing in Australia began at Kiandra in the Northern Snowy Mountains around 1861, but in the 20th century, the focus of Skiing in New South Wales shifted towards the Mount Kosciuszko region. The first Kosciuszko Chalet was built at Charlotte Pass in 1930, giving relatively comfortable access to Australia's highest terrain.[8] The growing number of ski enthusiasts heading to Charlotte Pass led to the establishment of a cafe at Smiggin Holes, near Perisher Valley, around 1939, where horse-drawn sleighs would deliver skiers to be begin the arduous ski to the Kosciusko Chalet.[9] It was the construction of the vast Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Scheme from 1949 that really opened up the Snowy Mountains for large scale development of a ski industry and led to the establishment of Thredbo and Perisher as leading Australian resorts.[10][11] The Construction of Guthega Dam brought skiers to the isolated Guthega district and a rope tow was installed there in 1957.[12]

SnowMobileSnowys
Oversnow transport in Perisher village
SKITUBE4
Ski Tube railway cars at New South Wales Blue Cow Terminal

As the number of skiers increased, services, facilities and means of access were improved, and Perisher's first lodges were constructed. Telemark and the Snow Revellers Club being completed in 1952. In the winter of 1953 the first oversnow transport operated to Perisher Valley. It was greeted by the inhabitants with cheers and celebrations. In 1958, Svere Kaaten, another pioneer of the mountains, built a sophisticated rope tow at North Perisher. Ken Murray, an old friend of Svere's built another rope tow and Perisher's first T-bar. Development continued and Mount Perisher Double Chair was opened in 1962. After the opening of the first chairlift, T-bar expansion and rope tows, the Perisher area thrived. Murray Publishers Pty Limited was taken over by Australian Consolidated Press in 1972 and Kosciuszko Alpine Resorts was formed. Murray Publishers then traded under the name of Perisher Ski Resort which incorporated the resorts of Perisher and Smiggins. In 1995, Murray Publishers Pty Limited and the Alpine Australia Group Pty Limited merged to form Perisher Blue Pty Limited.

The last establishment of a major skifield in NSW came with the development of Mount Blue Cow in the 1980s. In 1987 the Swiss designed Skitube Alpine Railway opened to deliver skiers from Bullocks Flat, on the Alpine Way, to Perisher Valley and to Blue Cow, which also opened in 1987.[11] The operators of Blue Cow purchased Guthega in 1991, and the new combined resort later merged with Perisher-Smiggins to become the largest ski resort in the Southern Hemisphere.[13] In 2009 Perisher had 48 lifts covering 1,245 hectares and four village base areas: Perisher Valley, Blue Cow, Smiggin Holes and Guthega.[14]

Snowy Mountains of Music

Since 2009, Perisher Valley has been the host of the Snowy Mountains of Music Festival, a folk festival created by the same people behind the Illawarra Folk Festival. The festival runs every year on the Queen's Birthday Weekend, which is also the official start of the Ski Season for the Snowy Mountains. It acts as both a promotional festival for the Australian Snow Season, specifically, Perisher Valley, but also as an outlet for all sorts of Australian and International talent across a diverse range of genres. [15]

Resort statistics

Pv-climate
Perisher Valley Climate
Spencers Creek Average Depths
Average snow depth chart from Spencers Creek, near Perisher. Compiled by Snowy Hydro.

Perisher Valley is situated at 1,720 metres (5,640 ft) above sea level. The summit of Mount Perisher above the village reaches 2,054 metres (6,739 ft) of altitude. The highest lifted point is the Mt Perisher Double Chair at 2034m. According to statistics posted on the Perisher website in 2012, the recognised natural snow line in the region is at 1,650 metres (5,410 ft) and over the previous 15 years, the average maximum snow depth throughout the Resort had been about 1.9 metres (6.2 ft). Average minimum temperature during winter was stated as −3.7 °C (25.3 °F).[16]

In 2012, the four resort bases of the Perisher Ski Resort contained a skiable area of 1,245 hectares (3,076 acres) and were serviced by 47 lifts, making Perisher the largest Australian ski resort.[16]

Gallery

Perisher Olympic Ski Trail

Olympic Ski Trail, leading to Perisher Valley from Back Perisher Mountain

Creek in perisher

A creek in Perisher

Snow plow machine

A snow grooming machine in Perisher

Snow toboggan snowy mountains

Toboggan field at Perisher

Perisher and Blue Cow, Back Mt Perisher, July 2012

Looking towards Blue Cow from Perisher

See also

References

  1. ^ "Perisher Valley NSW - Accommodation, Skiing & Things to Do". VisitNSW.com. Retrieved 12 April 2016.
  2. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Perisher Village (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 28 May 2015. Edit this at Wikidata
  3. ^ "Climate Statistics for Australian Locations - Perisher Valley Ski Centre". June 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2009.
  4. ^ "Kiandra Historical Society". Kiandrahistory.net. 10 February 1959. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 May 2008. Retrieved 2 June 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Perisher Valley - Culture and History". The Sydney Morning Herald. 19 November 2008.
  7. ^ "Top of Australia hosts park's centenary". ABC News. Archived from the original on 6 December 2006. Retrieved 16 January 2008.
  8. ^ [1] Archived March 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ [2] Archived August 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "Winter Ski & Snowboard | Summer Biking & Hiking". Thredbo.com.au. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  11. ^ a b [3] Archived September 23, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ "Guthega Ski Resort". Christiana Capital. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  13. ^ [4] Archived April 12, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ [5] Archived March 24, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ [6] Archived April 2, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ a b "Resort Stats". Perisher.com.au. 5 October 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2016.

Coordinates: 36°24′S 148°25′E / 36.400°S 148.417°E

David Droga

David Droga (b. 1968) is an Australian advertising executive and the founder and chairman of Droga5, an advertising agency headquartered in New York City with an office in London.

Kiandra Snow Shoe Club

The Kiandra Snow Shoe Club was founded in the gold-mining district of Kiandra, New South Wales (NSW), Australia by three Norwegians—as early as 1861 by some accounts— and reportedly became the "world's longest continuously running ski club" as it evolved into the present-day Kiandra Pioneer Ski Club in Perisher Valley, NSW. Whether the club is the first of its kind has been subject to debate. In this case, "snow shoe" is an archaic term for "ski".

Perisher

Perisher may refer to:

Perisher Ski Resort, formerly known as Perisher Blue, a ski resort in the Australian Snowy Mountains, New South Wales

Perisher Valley, New South Wales, a village within the Perisher ski resort

Submarine Command Course, a training course run by the Royal Navy and Royal Netherlands Navy, nicknamed "Perisher" for the high failure rate

Perisher Ski Resort

Perisher Ski Resort (known as Perisher Blue until 2009) is the largest ski resort in the Southern Hemisphere. Located in the Australian Snowy Mountains, the resort is an amalgamation of four villages (Perisher Valley, Smiggin Holes, Guthega, and Blue Cow) and their associated ski fields, covering approximately 12 square kilometres (5 sq mi), with the base elevation at 1,720 metres (5,640 ft) AHD, and the summit elevation of 2,054 metres (6,739 ft) at the top of Mount Perisher. 4.4 square kilometres (1.7 sq mi) of this area is covered by 240 snow guns, which are used to artificially supplement the natural snowfall. Perisher was acquired by Vail Resorts, United States on March 30, 2015 for a sum of approximately AU$177 million.

The resort is accessible by road and by the Skitube from Jindabyne, Australia's only underground rack railway. The main skiing period is in July and August, with the official season running from the second weekend in June to the first weekend of October. Perisher consists of 47 lifts: The Village Eight Express, an eight-seater chairlift (built in 2003), two high-speed quad detachable chairlifts, five fixed-grip quad chairlifts, four double chairlifts, two triple chairlifts, 21 T-Bars, three J-bars, seven ski carpets, and 2 rope tows. The run difficulties are graded 22% beginner, 60% intermediate and 18% advanced.

Climate data for Perisher Valley, NSW, Australia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.0
(86.0)
29.8
(85.6)
25.4
(77.7)
22.0
(71.6)
18.0
(64.4)
14.0
(57.2)
10.5
(50.9)
13.5
(56.3)
16.0
(60.8)
21.0
(69.8)
25.5
(77.9)
25.2
(77.4)
30.0
(86.0)
Average high °C (°F) 19.2
(66.6)
18.5
(65.3)
15.7
(60.3)
11.7
(53.1)
7.9
(46.2)
3.9
(39.0)
2.4
(36.3)
3.4
(38.1)
5.8
(42.4)
9.7
(49.5)
13.9
(57.0)
15.9
(60.6)
10.7
(51.3)
Average low °C (°F) 5.8
(42.4)
5.3
(41.5)
3.3
(37.9)
0.3
(32.5)
−1.5
(29.3)
−3.5
(25.7)
−5.0
(23.0)
−4.3
(24.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
0.2
(32.4)
2.0
(35.6)
3.8
(38.8)
0.4
(32.7)
Record low °C (°F) −5.0
(23.0)
−7.0
(19.4)
−7.0
(19.4)
−9.8
(14.4)
−11.3
(11.7)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−15.0
(5.0)
−12.5
(9.5)
−11.6
(11.1)
−8.5
(16.7)
−5.9
(21.4)
−19.5
(−3.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 96.8
(3.81)
73.1
(2.88)
114.5
(4.51)
97.5
(3.84)
130.9
(5.15)
167.8
(6.61)
186.1
(7.33)
240.7
(9.48)
234.0
(9.21)
182.1
(7.17)
138.5
(5.45)
95.3
(3.75)
1,764.6
(69.47)
Average rainy days 7.8 7.8 9.4 10.0 11.7 13.3 13.3 13.9 14.3 13.0 11.5 8.0 134
Source: [3]
Rural places
Australian skifields
NSW
Victoria
Tasmania
ACT
Former skifields
Coastal mountain ranges
(not part of the
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Great Dividing Range
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