Percote

Percote or Perkote (Ancient Greek: Περκώτη) was a town or city of ancient Mysia on the southern (Asian) side of the Hellespont, to the northeast of Troy. Percote is mentioned a few times in Greek mythology, where it plays a very minor role each time. It was said to be the home of a notable seer named Merops, also its ruler. Merops was the father of Arisbe (the first wife of King Priam, and subsequently wife of King Hyrtacus), Cleite (wife of King Cyzicus), and two sons named Amphius and Adrastus who fought during the Trojan War. As an ally of Troy, Percote sent a contingent to help King Priam during the Trojan War - though this contingent was led not by Merops's sons, but by Asius, son of Hyrtacus, according to Homer's Iliad, one native from Percote was wounded in the Trojan War by Antilochus, two natives from Percote were killed in the Trojan War by Diomedes and Ullysses.[1][2] The Meropidae (Amphius and Adrastus) instead lead a contingent from nearby Adrastea. A nephew of Priam, named Melanippus, son of Hicetaon, herded cattle (oxen) at Percote, according to Homer.

It is mentioned by numerous ancient writers, including Herodotus,[3] Arrian,[4] Pliny the Elder,[5] Apollonius of Rhodes,[6], Stephanus of Byzantium,[7] and in the Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax. According to Phanias of Eresus, Artaxerxes I of Persia had given to Themistocles the city of Percote with bedding for his house.[8] (see: Percale)

Percote was no longer in existence during the time of Strabo, and in his Geography he mentions that the exact location of Percote on the Hellespont shore is unknown. Strabo also claims that Percote was originally called Percope, and that it was part of the Troad.[9] The inhabitants of Percote (and neighboring places like Arisbe and Adrastea) were apparently neither Trojan or Dardanian, and the origins of the Meropidae and Hyrtacidae are unclear.

Its site is located 4 miles (6.4 km) east of Umurbey, Asiatic Turkey.[10][11]

Sources

  1. ^ Homer. Iliad. 2.835, 11.229.
  2. ^ Bibliotheca classica: or, A classical dictionary, by John Dymock and Thomas Dymock, 1833.
  3. ^ Herodotus. Histories. 5.117.
  4. ^ Arrian, Anab. 1.13.
  5. ^ Pliny. Naturalis Historia. 5.32.
  6. ^ 1.932.
  7. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. s.v.
  8. ^ Themistocles, Part II Archived 2015-10-01 at the Wayback Machine, by Plutarch
  9. ^ Strabo. Geographica. xiii. p. 590. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  10. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 56, and directory notes accompanying.
  11. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Percote". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Coordinates: 40°16′26″N 26°35′20″E / 40.273913°N 26.588806°E

Aclytia

Aclytia is a genus of tiger moths in the family Erebidae.

Aclytia signatura

Aclytia signatura is a moth of the family Erebidae. It was described by Francis Walker in 1854. It is found in the West Indies.

Adrasteia (Mysia)

Adrasteia or Adrastea (Ancient Greek: Ἀδράστεια, Homeric Ἀδρήστεια) was the name of a region, city, and valley of the ancient Troad or of Mysia, which was watered by the Granicus River. In the eponymous city was an oracle of Apollo and Artemis. The temple had been destroyed by the time of Strabo, and the stones used to build a large altar. Parium was a port of the region.Callisthenes said that it was named after the ancient king Adrastus, who had founded the first temple there.

Adrasteia was one of the cities of the era of the Trojan War; it probably belonged to the realm of Troy. Its lords were the two sons of Merope of Percote.

Its site is located above the plain of the same name in Asiatic Turkey.

Adrastus (mythology)

Adrastus (Ancient Greek: Ἄδραστος; Ionic: Adrestus Ἄδρηστος means "inescapable") refers to several individuals in Greek mythology:

Adrastus, king of Argos.

Adrastus, father of Eurydice, the wife of King Ilus of Troy. He is otherwise unknown, but the Hellespont town or city of Adrastea may be named after him.

Adrastus, who together with his son, Hipponous, were said to have thrown themselves into fire in obedience to an oracle of Apollo.

Adrastus, father of Hippodamia, wife of Peirithous, who was attempted by the Centaurs to carry off.

Adrastus, son of Polynices and Argea, daughter of the Argive Adrastus. He was a leader of the Mycenaeans during the Trojan War and was also counted as one of the Epigoni.

Adrastus, a son of Merops, the king of Percote, and brother to Amphius. Along with Amphius, he led a military force from Adrastea, Apaesus, Pityeia and Tereia to the Trojan War (despite the entreaties of their father, a seer, who could foresee that death awaited them on the battlefield). Adrastus was slain by Diomedes.

Adrastus, a warrior Trojan, killed by Agamennon.

Amphius

In Greek mythology, the name Amphius (Ancient Greek: Ἅμφιος) refers to two defenders of Troy:

Amphius, son of Merops of Percote. Disregarding their father's advice, he and his brother Adrastus joined in the Trojan War and were killed by Diomedes.

Amphius, son of Selagus, from Paesus. He was killed by Ajax the Great.

Ariassus

Ariassus or Ariassos (Ancient Greek: Άριασσός) was a town in Pisidia, Asia Minor built on a steep hillside about 50 kilometres inland from Attaleia (modern Antalya).

Arisba

Arisba or Arisbe (Ancient Greek: Ἀρίσβη; Eth. Ἀρισβαἰος), was a town of Mysia, mentioned by Homer in the same line with Sestos and Abydus. It was between Percote and Abydus, a colony of Mytilene, founded by Scamandrius and Ascanius, son of Aeneas.

The army of Alexander the Great mustered here after crossing the Hellespont. When the wandering Gauls passed over into Asia, on the invitation of Attalus I, they occupied Arisba, but were soon defeated, in 216 BCE, by Prusias I of Bithynia. In Strabo's time the place was almost forgotten.

There are coins of Arisbe from the Roman emperor Trajan's time (early 2nd century), and also autonomous coins.

Its site is tentatively located at Musakoy in Asiatic Turkey.

Arisbe

Arisbe (Ancient Greek:Ἀρίσβη) may refer to:

Another name for Batea (daughter of Teucer), a person in Greek mythology

Arisbe (daughter of Merops), an early wife of King Priam of Troy, also daughter of the seer Merops of Percote

Arisba, an ancient city in the Troad

Arisba (Lesbos), an ancient town on Lesbos

arisbe, a species of owl butterflies

Arisbe, American philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce's estate in Pennsylvania

Arisbe (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Arisbe (; Ancient Greek: Ἀρίσβη) may refer to the following women:

Arisbe, daughter of Merops of Percote, a seer. In a non-Homeric story, she married Priam, later king of Troy, and bore him a son named Aesacus. Priam subsequently divorced her in favor of Hecuba, daughter of King Dymas of Phrygia. Arisbe then married Hyrtacus, to whom she bore a son named Asius. Ephorus wrote of Arisbe as the first wife of Paris.

Arisbe, also called Bateia, daughter of King Teucer of Crete or of Macareus. She was married to Dardanus, son of Zeus and Electra. There was a town named Arisbe in the Troad (in the northwestern part of Anatolia) and another on the island of Lesbos. Arisbe, then, may be an eponym.

Asius (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Asius (Ancient Greek: Ἄσιος, Asios) refers to two people who fought during the Trojan War:

Asius, son of Hyrtacus, was the leader of the Trojan allies that hailed from, on, or near the Dardanelles. He was a son of Hyrtacus and Arisbe, the latter being first wife of King Priam and daughter of Merops. Asius led the contingent from a cluster of towns on both sides of the Hellespont, including Arisbe, Percote, Abydos and Sestus. This last town was the only one to lie on the European (northern) side of the Dardanelles; the rest were situated on the Asian (southern) side. Asius himself resided in the town of Arisbe, by the river Selleis. Asius had two brothers, named Nisus and Hippocoon, according to Virgil. All three men fought at Troy as allies of King Priam. During the assault on the Achaean wall, Asius was the only soldier not to listen to Hector and Polydamas, and did not dismount from his chariot. Asius was killed by the Cretan king Idomeneus during the assault.

Asius was a Phrygian leader and son of King Dymas, and brother of Queen Hecuba of Troy. Asius, son of Dymas, belonged to a tribe of Phrygians who resided by the River Sangarius. He had two sons, Adamas and Phaenops. In the Iliad, Apollo is said to have taken Asius's shape to encourage Hector to fight Patroclus. This Asius does not die in the narrative of the Iliad, but Dictys Cretensis says he was killed by Ajax.

Cestrus

Cestrus was a city in the Roman province of Isauria, in Asia Minor. Its placing within Isauria is given by Hierocles, Georgius Cyprius, and Parthey's (Notitiae episcopatuum). While recognizing what the ancient sources said, Lequien supposed that the town, whose site has not been identified, took its name from the River Cestros and was thus in Pamphylia. Following Lequien's hypothesis, the 19th-century annual publication Gerarchia cattolica identified the town with "Ak-Sou", which Sophrone Pétridès called an odd mistake, since this is the name of the River Cestros, not of a city.

Cleite

In Greek mythology, the name Clite or Cleite (Ancient Greek: Κλείτη means "renowned, famous") may refer to:

Clite, daughter of Danaus and Memphis, married and killed Cleitus, son of Aegyptus and Tyria.

Clite, a maenad who followed Dionysus on his Indian campaign.

Clite, daughter of Merops of Percote and wife of Cyzicus. When her husband was unwittingly killed by the Argonauts, she hanged herself in grief. A spring was named Cleite after her.

Clite, mother of Meilanion by Erylaus. Her son was among the defenders of Troy and was killed by Antiphus.

Docimium

Docimium, Docimia or Docimeium (Greek: Δοκίμια and Δοκίμειον) was an ancient city of Phrygia, Asia Minor where there were famous marble quarries.

Hyrtacus

In Greek mythology, Hyrtacus (; Greek: Ὕρτακος) is an obscure character associated with the Trojan War. He was a comrade of King Priam of Troy. Hyrtacus married Arisbe, daughter of King Merops of Percote, after Priam had divorced her to marry Hecabe. Hyrtacus's son by Arisbe was named Asius and fought at Troy. In the Aeneid, Hyrtacus is credited with two more sons, Nisus and Hippocoon. Hyrtacus's own parentage is not given.

The name 'Hyrtacus' is perhaps of Cretan origin, given that there was an ancient city named Hyrtacus (or Hyrtacina) in southwestern Crete.

Iphidamas

In Greek mythology, the name Iphidamas (Ancient Greek: Ἰφιδάμας, gen. Ἰφιδάμαντος) may refer to:

Iphidamas, also known as Amphidamas, son of Aleus and counted as one of the Argonauts.

Iphidamas (or Amphidamas), a son of Busiris killed by Heracles.

Iphidamas, a son of Antenor and Theano. He was raised in Thrace by his maternal grandfather Cisseus, who sought to make him stay at home when the Trojan War broke out, by giving him his daughter in marriage for a bride price of a hundred cows and a thousand goats and sheep. Nevertheless, Iphidamas did leave for Troy the next day after the wedding. He led twelve ships, but left them at Percote and came to Troy by land. He confronted Agamemnon in battle, but his spear bent against the opponent's silver belt, whereupon Agamemnon killed Iphidamas with a sword and stripped him of his armor. He then also fought and killed his brother Coön, who attempted to avenge the death of Iphidamas.

Melanippus

The name Melanippus is the masculine counterpart of Melanippe.In Greek mythology, there were eleven people named Melanippus (Ancient Greek: Μελάνιππος, Melánippos):

Melanippus, one of the sons of Agrius and possibly Dia, daughter of King Porthaon of Calydon. Along with his brothers, except Thersites, he was killed by Diomedes.

Melanippus or Menalippus, brother of Tydeus and thus possible son of Oeneus, king of Calydon and Periboea. He was accidentally slain by Tydeus during a hunt. In some accounts, the murdered brother of Tydeus was called Olenias.

Melanippus, son of Perigune and Theseus, the father of Ioxus who, together with Ornytus, led a colony to Caria and became the ancestor of the family Ioxides.

Melanippus, sometimes misspelled "Menalippus", son of Astacus (hence referred to by the patronymic Astacides in Ovid), defender of Thebes in Seven Against Thebes. In Aeschylus' play, he defended the Proitid gate against Tydeus. He killed two of the seven attacking champions, Mecisteus and Tydeus, but was killed by either Amphiaraus, or by Tydeus himself as he died. (In versions where Melanippus is killed by someone other than Tydeus, the slayer decapitates him and delivers his head to Tydeus). Tydeus broke Melanippus' skull open and consumed his brain, which disgusted Athena so that she gave up her intent of making Tydeus immortal. Herodotus relates how in historical times, Cleisthenes abolished the hero cult of Adrastus in Sicyon in favour of that of Melanippus.

Melanippus, son of Hicetaon and a native of Percote. He fought under Hector, wishing to avenge the death of his cousin Dolops, and was killed by Antilochus during the Trojan War.

Melanippus, one of the 50 sons of Priam. His mother was a woman other than Hecuba. He fought in the Trojan War and was killed by Teucer. In some accounts, Melanippus was described to have a plume of horsehair like his brother Idaeus.

Melanippus, yet another Trojan, who was killed by Patroclus.

Melanippus, one of the Achaeans who fought at Troy. He was one of those who helped Odysseus carry the gifts at the point of reconciliation between Achilles and Agamemnon.

Melanippus, son of Ares and Triteia, daughter of the sea-god Triton, founder of the city of Tritaia, which he named after his own mother.

Melanippus, a young man of Patrae who was in love with Comaetho, but the parents on both sides were against their marriage. Melanippus and Comaetho met secretly in the temple of Artemis, where the girl served as priestess, and had sex there. The outraged goddess cursed the country with plague and famine; in order to put an end to the calamity, the inhabitants of Patrae were instructed by the oracle of Delphi to sacrifice both lovers to the goddess and, from then on, to sacrifice the handsomest young man and the most beautiful girl of the city each year, until a new strange deity is introduced in Patrae. The practice lasted until Eurypylus, son of Euaemon, on his way back from Troy, brought an image of Dionysus to Patrae.

Melanippus, son of Helorus, leader of the Mysian contingent in the Trojan War, killed by Neoptolemus.

Menalippus (misspelling of "Melanippus"? cf. #3 above), a son of Acastus. He, alongside his brother Pleisthenes and their servant Cinyras, was killed by Neoptolemus as they were hunting near the latter's grandfather Peleus' hideout, since Acastus and his family had been hostile towards Peleus.

Merops (mythology)

The name Merops (Ancient Greek: Μέροψ, "mankind" or "mortals") refers to several figures from Greek mythology:

Merops, king of Ethiopia, husband of Clymene and adoptive father of Phaethon, his wife's son by Helios.

Merops, a resident of Miletus, husband of another Clymene and father of Pandareus.

Merops, king of Percote, father of two sons (Amphius and Adrastus) killed by Diomedes in the Trojan War, and of two daughters, Cleite, wife of Cyzicus, and Arisbe, the first wife of Priam. He had prophetic abilities and foresaw the deaths of his sons, but they ignored his warnings.

Merops, a son of Triopas, or an autochthon and a king of Cos (the island was thought to have been named after his daughter). He was married to the nymph Ethemea (or, more correctly, Echemeia), who was shot by Artemis for having ceased to worship the goddess. As Merops was about to commit suicide over his wife's death, Hera took pity on the grieving widower and placed him among the stars in the shape of an eagle (the constellation Aquila). Merops was the father of Eumelus and through him grandfather of Agron, Byssa and Meropis, all of whom were notorious for their impiety. Clytie, the wife of Eurypylus of Cos, and Titanis, who was changed by Artemis into a deer because of her beauty, were given as the daughters of Merops.

Merops, king of Anthemousia, who fought against Sithon of Thrace for the hand of the latter's daughter Pallene and was killed.

Merops, father of Epione, the wife of Asclepius.

Merops, son of Hyas, who was the first to make people reassemble in settlements after the great deluge.

Merops, a great-grandson of Temenus in the following genealogy of the Heracleidae: Heracles - Hyllus - Cleodaeus - Aristomachus - Temenus - Cissius - Thestius - Merops - Aristodamis - Pheidon - Caranus.

Percale

Percale is a closely woven plain-weave fabric often used for bed covers. Percale has a thread count of about 200 or higher and is noticeably tighter than the standard type of weave used for bedsheets. It has medium weight, is firm and smooth with no gloss, and warps and washes very well. It is made from both carded and combed yarns, and may be woven of various fibers, such as cotton, polyester, or various blends.

Stratonicea (Lydia)

Stratonicea – (Greek: Στρατoνικεια, or Στρατονίκεια) also transliterated as Stratoniceia and Stratonikeia, earlier Indi, and later for a time Hadrianapolis – was an ancient city in the valley of the Caicus river, between Germe and Acrasus, in Lydia, Anatolia; its site is currently near the village of Siledik, in the district of Kırkağaç, Manisa Province, in the Aegean Region of Turkey.

Aegean
Black Sea
Central Anatolia
Eastern Anatolia
Marmara
Mediterranean
Southeastern
Anatolia

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