Pennsylvania Route 291 (PA 291) is an east–west route in Pennsylvania that runs from U.S. Route 13 (US 13) in Trainer, Delaware County east to Interstate 76 (I-76) in South Philadelphia near the Walt Whitman Bridge and the South Philadelphia Sports Complex. Except for a short 1-mile (1.6 km) section between US 13 and the Chester/Trainer line, PA 291 is mostly a four-lane highway. It runs parallel to the Delaware River. The route passes through industrial areas near the river in Delaware County, serving Chester, Eddystone, Essington, and Lester. PA 291 enters Philadelphia near the Philadelphia International Airport, at which point it has an interchange with I-95. The route crosses the Schuylkill River on the George C. Platt Memorial Bridge and continues along Penrose Avenue to I-76. It has been designated the Industrial Heritage Highway.
PA 291 was first designated by 1928 along an unpaved road between PA 420 in Prospect Park and PA 191. The route was extended west to US 13 in Eddystone by 1930 on a paved road. PA 291 was realigned to run from US 13 in Trainer to PA 420 in Essington by 1940. The route was extended to PA 191 in Philadelphia by 1950, following Industrial Highway. PA 291 was extended to US 611 (now PA 611) at Philadelphia City Hall in Center City Philadelphia along Penrose Avenue, Moyamensing Avenue, and Broad Street. A freeway was proposed along the PA 291 corridor between I-95 and I-76 from 1950 until the 1970s, when it was cancelled due to funding issues. The northern terminus was moved to its current location by 1989, with an extended PA 611 replacing PA 291 on Broad Street. Around 2000, the route was rebuilt as a five-lane road in Chester. PA 291 was realigned further to the west to bypass the Philadelphia International Airport in 2006.
PA Route 291
|Maintained by PennDOT|
|Length||14.014 mi (22.553 km)|
|West end||US 13 in Trainer|
| US 322 in Chester|
PA 320 in Chester
PA 420 in Tinicum Township
I-95 in Philadelphia
|East end||I‑76 in Philadelphia|
PA 291 begins at an intersection with US 13 near Delta Air Lines' Trainer Refinery in the borough of Trainer in Delaware County, heading southeast on two-lane undivided Price Street. The road passes between homes to the northeast and industrial areas to the southwest. The route makes a sharp curve to the northeast and becomes 2nd Street, crossing into the city of Chester and passing through urban residential and industrial areas. PA 291 continues northeast and becomes a five-lane road with a center left-turn lane as it passes more urban development and empty lots. The route comes to ramps that provide access from the eastbound direction of US 322 and to the westbound direction of US 322 just northwest of where that route crosses the Delaware River on the Commodore Barry Bridge. The road passes under the western approach of the Commodore Barry Bridge carrying US 322.
Following this, PA 291 passes more urban homes and businesses. The route splits from 2nd Street and continues northeast as an unnamed road, crossing Chester Creek near Chester's City Hall and the William Penn Landing Site. PA 291 intersects the southern terminus of Pennsylvania Route 320 (Madison Street northbound and Upland Street southbound), at which point it becomes 4th Street. The road continues through commercial areas and intersects Morton Avenue, which connects to US 13 to the north. At this point, the route runs between Amtrak's Northeast Corridor to the northwest and the SCI Chester prison to the southeast before intersecting Harrah's Boulevard, which provides access to Harrah's Philadelphia casino and harness racetrack to the southeast along the Delaware River. The road continues northeast between the Amtrak Northeast Corridor to the northwest and Conrail Shared Assets Operations' Chester Secondary to the southeast, crossing the Ridley Creek out of Chester and into the borough of Eddystone.
Here, PA 291 becomes Industrial Highway, a four-lane divided highway, and continues east, with the Northeast Corridor line heading northeast away from the highway. The road continues through industrial areas, passing to the north of Exelon's Eddystone Generating Station. The route crosses the Crum Creek into Ridley Township and passes through Boeing Defense, Space & Security's Vertical Lift helicopter plant. In this area, PA 291 intersects Stewart Avenue, which heads north to an interchange with I-95. Past this, the Chester Secondary heads farther south from the road as it passes more commercial establishments. The route crosses the Darby Creek into Tinicum Township and runs east past more businesses, intersecting the southern terminus of PA 420 to the north of Essington.
Past this intersection, PA 291 continues east through commercial areas with some homes, becoming Governor Printz Boulevard. The route heads northeast into the community of Lester, where it splits into the one-way pair of South Governor Printz Boulevard eastbound and North Governor Printz Boulevard westbound, carrying two lanes in east direction and passing more development. The two directions rejoin as a four-lane divided highway with a wide median that runs near commercial establishments, coming to a ramp from northbound I-95 to eastbound PA 291 that merges in from the left. From here, the route continues east as a four-lane divided highway between I-95 to the north and a lake to the south, coming to a bridge over the Chester Secondary. At this point, PA 291 reaches the Philadelphia International Airport, where it turns north onto four-lane divided Bartram Avenue and crosses under I-95 while Industrial Highway continues east to the airport.
After crossing under I-95, PA 291 enters the city of Philadelphia in Philadelphia County and curves to the northeast, running parallel to the Chester Secondary to the northwest, with the John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge at Tinicum located on the other side of the railroad tracks. The road passes under SEPTA's Airport Line leading to the airport at which point that railroad line merges with the Chester Secondary. The route continues northeast parallel to the Airport Line, coming to a partial interchange with I-95 that has ramps to and from the southbound lanes of I-95. Within this interchange, a park and ride lot is located southeast of the road. PA 291 passes to the northwest of business parks and hotels before it curves away from the railroad tracks near the Eastwick station and passes to the north of an airport employee parking lot, intersecting 84th Street. The route turns south onto two-lane undivided Island Avenue and passes under I-95 again, with a ramp to southbound I-95. On the edge of the Philadelphia International Airport property, PA 291 turns east onto six-lane undivided Penrose Avenue and passes more businesses, coming to a partial interchange with I-95 that has a ramp from northbound I-95 to PA 291 and a ramp from southbound PA 291 to southbound I-95. Past this interchange, the route becomes four lanes and ascends onto the George C. Platt Memorial Bridge, passing near industrial areas before crossing over the Schuylkill River.
After crossing the river, the bridge passes over part of a large Sunoco oil refinery. After descending off the bridge, the route continues as four-lane divided Penrose Avenue near industrial areas. PA 291 intersects South 26th Street, which heads north to provide access to westbound I-76 (Schuylkill Expressway) and from eastbound I-76. Past this intersection, the road passes under CSX's Harrisburg Subdivision before becoming a five-lane road with a center left-turn lane and passing homes and businesses in South Philadelphia. PA 291 reaches its eastern terminus at an interchange with I-76, with access to the eastbound lanes of I-76 and from the westbound lanes of I-76. Past this, the road continues northeast as Moyamensing Avenue.
When Pennsylvania first legislated routes in 1911, what would become PA 291 was not legislated as part of any route. PA 291 was first designated by 1928 to run from PA 420 in Prospect Park east to PA 191 along an unpaved road. By 1930, PA 291 was extended west to US 13 in Eddystone, following PA 420 south for a short concurrency before continuing west along its current alignment. The extended alignment of PA 291 was a paved road. By 1940, PA 291 was realigned to run from US 13 in Trainer east to PA 420 near Essington. The former alignment east of PA 420 became an unnumbered road.
PA 291 was extended northeast to PA 191 (80th Street) in Philadelphia by 1950, following the newly built Industrial Highway in Tinicum Township before heading along Essington Avenue. In the 1950s, PA 291 was extended northeast to US 611 at Philadelphia City Hall in Center City Philadelphia, following Penrose Avenue, Moyamensing Avenue, and Broad Street toward Center City Philadelphia. This section replaced the PA 191 designation along Penrose Avenue, Moyamensing Avenue, and Broad Street. In the 1970s, the Airport Circle was removed.
In 1950, the Philadelphia City Planning Commission proposed a PA 291 freeway along Penrose Avenue between the Delaware Expressway (I-95) near the Philadelphia International Airport and the Schuylkill Expressway (I-76). The freeway was to split into two alignments leading to I-76: one following South 26th Street to connect to westbound I-76 and the other following Penrose Avenue to connect to eastbound I-76. Plans for the PA 291 freeway were dropped in the 1970s because the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation halted a number of road projects due to funding issues.
The northern terminus of PA 291 was cut back from PA 3 and PA 611 at Philadelphia City Hall to I-76 by 1989. The former portion of PA 291 along Broad Street was replaced by an extended PA 611. In 1999, PA 291 was realigned in Chester to a new five-lane alignment that connected 2nd Street and 4th Street to improve travel for trucks and attempt to revitalize Chester. Construction of the new alignment took two years. Before this, PA 291 continued east along 2nd Street and turned north on Crosby Street to reach 4th Street. Expansion of the road to five lanes through the remainder of Chester was slated to be complete in 2001. In 2005, a bill was introduced into the Pennsylvania General Assembly designating the portion of PA 291 through Chester as the Rosa Parks Memorial Highway in honor of civil rights activist Rosa Parks; this bill was signed into law by Governor Ed Rendell on October 27, 2006.
In 2006, PA 291 was rerouted to use Bartram Avenue and Island Avenue around the Philadelphia International Airport instead of Industrial Highway due to runway expansion at the airport. In May 2011, a $42 million project began to rehabilitate the George C. Platt Memorial Bridge. The project was completed in June 2014.
|Delaware||Trainer||0.000||0.000||US 13 (Post Road) – Marcus Hook, Chester||Western terminus|
|Chester||1.387||2.232||US 322 west to I-95 – Wilmington, Philadelphia||Interchange; entrance to westbound US 322 and exit from eastbound US 322|
|2.985||4.804||PA 320 north (Madison Street)||Southern terminus of PA 320|
|Tinicum Township||6.206||9.988||PA 420 north (Wanamaker Avenue) to I-95 – Morton||Southern terminus of PA 420|
|7.760||12.489||I-95 north||Eastbound entrance from exit 10 on I-95|
|8.409||13.533||Industrial Highway – Philadelphia International Airport||At-grade intersection|
|Philadelphia||Philadelphia||9.059||14.579||I-95 south – Chester||Exit 12 on I-95|
|10.504||16.905||I-95 south – Chester||Exit 13 on I-95|
|11.270||18.137||To I-95 south / International Airport||Westbound exit only|
|George C. Platt Memorial Bridge over the Schuylkill River|
|13.136||21.140||26th Street north to I-76 west – Valley Forge|
|13.376||21.527||Pattison Avenue east to I-95 – Sports Complex|
|14.014||22.553||I‑76 east (Schuylkill Expressway) – Walt Whitman Bridge||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; exit 348 on I-76; eastern terminus|
|14.014||22.553||Penrose Avenue east||Continuation beyond I-76 flyover ramps|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
Chester is a city in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States. With a population of 33,972 at the 2010 census it is the largest city in Delaware County. Incorporated in 1682, Chester is the oldest city in Pennsylvania and is located on the western bank of the Delaware River between the cities of Philadelphia and Wilmington, Delaware.Columbus Boulevard (Philadelphia)
Columbus Boulevard (formerly Delaware Avenue) is a major north-south thoroughfare in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is famous for being the location of the Penn's Landing area and is generally parallel with Interstate 95 south of the Benjamin Franklin Bridge. The road extends south towards Pattison Avenue and is home to many big box retailers between Snyder Avenue and Oregon Avenue.
The street originated as an informal footpath connecting the docks and piers along the waterfront, a major Atlantic seaport. In 1831, the Philadelphia banker Stephen Girard, died and left the City $500,000 to construct a wide boulevard in its place, to be known as Delaware Avenue. The portion south of Spring Garden Street was controversially renamed after Christopher Columbus in 1992 despite opposition from residents north of Center City and the Lenape (also known as Delaware) nation. Many Philadelphians continue to refer to it as Delaware Avenue. Some older maps of Philadelphia show this route as once being part of Pennsylvania Route 291.Commodore Barry Bridge
The Commodore Barry Bridge (also known as the Commodore John Barry Bridge or John Barry Bridge) is a cantilever bridge that spans the Delaware River from Chester, Pennsylvania to Bridgeport, in Logan Township, New Jersey, USA. It is named after the American Revolutionary War hero and Philadelphia resident John Barry.
Along with the Betsy Ross Bridge, the Benjamin Franklin Bridge and the Walt Whitman Bridge, the Commodore Barry Bridge is one of the four toll bridges connecting the metropolitan Philadelphia region with southern New Jersey owned by the Delaware River Port Authority (DRPA). Originally designed to connect with a now-cancelled freeway, the limited-access bridge has recently been retrofitted to better serve the local area. Between 2007 and 2011, both the DRPA and the PennDOT, in conjunction with the Chester Redevelopment Authority, built a pair of entrance-exit ramps that allowed motorists, primarily heavy truck traffic, to access the Chester Waterfront, via Pennsylvania Route 291 and Flower Street (via W. 9th Street (U.S. 13)) from I-95. Other improvements, such as deck joint replacement, concrete patching (on the approaches), and other safety and engineering improvements are either ongoing or have been completed. The bridge replaced the Chester-Bridgeport Ferry, a ferry service that, prior to the opening of the bridge in 1974, was the sole means of crossing the Delaware River from Delaware County, Pennsylvania to Gloucester County, New Jersey. Since the termination of the ferry service, along with a subsequent fire and SuperFund cleanup, the Chester side of the ferry terminal became the city-owned Barry Bridge Park with the adjacent Talen Energy Stadium (home of the Major League Soccer's Philadelphia Union franchise) being opened in 2010.Eddystone, Pennsylvania
Eddystone is a borough in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 2,410 at the 2010 census.International Plaza (Pennsylvania)
International Plaza, formerly known as Scott Plaza, is an office complex in Tinicum Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. It is the former corporate headquarters of the Scott Paper Company. The facility is adjacent to the Philadelphia International Airport and south of Pennsylvania Route 291.Johan Björnsson Printz
Johan Björnsson Printz (July 20, 1592 – May 3, 1663) was governor from 1643 until 1653 of the Swedish colony of New Sweden on the Delaware River in North America.National Register of Historic Places listings in Delaware County, Pennsylvania
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Delaware County, Pennsylvania.
This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States. The locations of National Register properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below, may be seen in a map.There are 94 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county. Seven sites are further designated as National Historic Landmarks. Another property was once listed but has been removed.
This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted June 7, 2019.Port of Chester
The Port of Chester is a port on the west bank of the Delaware River in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is part of the Delaware Valley port complex and lies between the Port of Wilmington and the Port of Philadelphia. Traditionally, shipbuilding and later automobile assembly were the mainstays of the port. It has since given way to other manufacturing and recreational activities, with Penn Terminals the only traditional maritime facility.Rosa Parks
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an American activist in the civil rights movement best known for her pivotal role in the Montgomery bus boycott. The United States Congress has called her "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement".On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks rejected bus driver James F. Blake's order to relinquish her seat in the "colored section" to a white passenger, after the whites-only section was filled. Parks was not the first person to resist bus segregation, but the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) believed that she was the best candidate for seeing through a court challenge after her arrest for civil disobedience in violating Alabama segregation laws. Parks' prominence in the community and her willingness to become a controversial figure inspired the black community to boycott the Montgomery buses for over a year, the first major direct action campaign of the post-war civil rights movement. Her case became bogged down in the state courts, but the federal Montgomery bus lawsuit Browder v. Gayle succeeded in November 1956.Parks' act of defiance and the Montgomery bus boycott became important symbols of the movement. She became an international icon of resistance to racial segregation. She organized and collaborated with civil rights leaders, including Edgar Nixon, president of the local chapter of the NAACP; and Martin Luther King, Jr., a new minister in Montgomery who gained national prominence in the civil rights movement and went on to win a Nobel Peace Prize.
At the time, Parks was secretary of the Montgomery chapter of the NAACP. She had recently attended the Highlander Folk School, a Tennessee center for training activists for workers' rights and racial equality. She acted as a private citizen "tired of giving in". Although widely honored in later years, she also suffered for her act; she was fired from her job as a seamstress in a local department store, and received death threats for years afterwards.Shortly after the boycott, she moved to Detroit, where she briefly found similar work. From 1965 to 1988 she served as secretary and receptionist to John Conyers, an African-American US Representative. She was also active in the Black Power movement and the support of political prisoners in the US.
After retirement, Parks wrote her autobiography and continued to insist that the struggle for justice was not over and there was more work to be done. In her final years, she suffered from dementia. Parks received national recognition, including the NAACP's 1979 Spingarn Medal, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Congressional Gold Medal, and a posthumous statue in the United States Capitol's National Statuary Hall. Upon her death in 2005, she was the first woman to lie in honor in the Capitol Rotunda, becoming the third of only four Americans to ever receive this honor. California and Missouri commemorate Rosa Parks Day on her birthday February 4, while Ohio and Oregon commemorate the occasion on the anniversary of the day she was arrested, December 1.Second Street Bridge (Chester, Pennsylvania)
Second Street Bridge was a historic concrete Bowstring arch bridge located in Chester, Pennsylvania. It was built in 1919, and was a 84-foot-long (26 m), single-span arch bridge. The original patent issued to James B. Marsh in 1911 for the bridge design used included this experimental use of concrete.The bridge allowed traffic on Pennsylvania Route 291 to cross Chester Creek. The bridge has been demolished.It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1988.Stoney Creek Secondary
The Stoney Creek Secondary (also known as the Chester Secondary and incorporating the Chester Industrial Track) is an active railroad line in the U.S. states of Pennsylvania and Delaware. The line is operated by Conrail Shared Assets Operations, which serves as contract local carrier and switching company for both CSX Transportation and the Norfolk Southern Railway. The line runs from Philadelphia to Claymont, Delaware, a distance of 14.9 miles (24.0 km). It traverses the namesake Stoney Creek, Chester Creek, Ridley Creek, Crum Creek and Darby Creek near their mouths along the shore of the Delaware River.This line should not be confused with the Stony Creek Branch, which is a former Reading line in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania between Norristown and Lansdale, 9.9 miles (15.9 km) in length and operated by CSX for freight only.Thomas Worrilow
Thomas H. Worrilow (August 15, 1918 – August 29, 2004) was an American politician who served as a Republican member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, Delaware County district from 1963 to 1964 and the 159th district from 1967 to 1976.