Pembroke Welsh Corgi

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi (/ˈkɔːrɡi/; Welsh for "dwarf dog") is a cattle herding dog breed which originated in Pembrokeshire, Wales.[1] It is one of two breeds known as a Welsh Corgi. The other is the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, and both descend from the line of northern spitz-type dogs (such as the Siberian Husky).[2] Another theory is that Pembrokes are descended from the Swedish Vallhunds, which were crossed with the local Welsh herding dogs.[3] The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is the younger of the two Corgi breeds and is a separate and distinct breed[4] from the Cardigan.[1] The corgi is one of the smallest dogs in the Herding Group. Pembroke Welsh Corgis are famous as the preferred breed of Queen Elizabeth II, who has owned more than 30 during her reign.[5] Although these dogs have been favoured by British royalty for more than seventy years, among the British public they have recently fallen into decline in terms of popularity and demand.[6]

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi has been ranked 11th in Stanley Coren's The Intelligence of Dogs, which states that it is considered an excellent working dog. According to the American Kennel Club, Pembroke Welsh Corgis were ranked 20th most popular breed of dog in 2015.[7]

Pembroke Welsh Corgi
Common nicknamesPembroke, PWC, Pem, Corgi, Welsh Corgi
OriginWales, United Kingdom
Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris)


Pembroke Welsh Corgi
Pembroke Welsh Corgi


The Pembroke Welsh Corgi sheds extensively, often daily, with coat "blow outs" often twice a year. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi has erect ears which are in proportion to the equilateral triangle of the head. The ears should also be firm, medium in size, and tapered slightly to a rounded point. The head should be "foxy" in shape and appearance. Pembroke Welsh Corgis differ from the Cardigan Welsh Corgi by being shorter in length, having smaller ears, and being slightly straighter of leg.[8] The Pembroke Welsh Corgi has a "fairy saddle", somewhat lighter markings on each side of the withers caused by changes in the thickness, length, and direction of hair growth.[9] The Pembroke Welsh Corgi sheds mostly in the spring and autumn and may shed annually, with intact females shedding during heat.[10]

Breed faults exist; some which may acknowledge genetic health conditions such as "fluffies" which are corgis with very long coats,[11] and "bluies," which have a dilute colour (red coats present with a bluish cast).[12]

Some Pembroke Welsh Corgis are born with their tail naturally short or missing. Others may have their tails docked between 2–5 days old due to historical tradition or in order to conform to the Breed Standard.[13] Artificial docking was needed for the dog to do its job as a herding dog in the United Kingdom. A non-herding, "companion" dog was considered a luxury under tax law, and attracted a tax, so to demonstrate that their dogs were herding dogs, owners had to ensure the dogs had docked or bobbed tails. The Kennel Club,[14] the United Kennel Club,[15] and the FCI allow intact tails in Conformation shows. The AKC Standard states tails should be docked no longer than 2 inches (5 cm). In many countries, docking has been deemed illegal.[16]


Pembroke Welsh Corgis are very affectionate, love to be involved in the family, and tend to follow wherever their owners go. They have a great desire to please their owners, thus making them eager to learn and train. The dogs are easy to train and are ranked as the eleventh smartest dog in Stanley Coren's The Intelligence of Dogs. Besides herding, they also function as watchdogs due to their alertness and tendency to bark only as needed. Most Pembrokes will seek the attention of everyone they meet and behave well around children and other pets. It is important to socialise this breed with other animals, adults, and children when they are very young to avoid any anti-social behavior or aggression later in life. Due to their herding instinct, they love to chase anything that moves, so it is best to keep them inside fenced areas. The herding instinct will also cause some younger Pembrokes to nip at their owners' ankles.[17]


PembrokeCorgiAgility wb
Pembroke leaving teeter-totter during a dog agility competition.

Pembrokes have an average life expectancy of 12–15 years.[18][19] Pembroke Welsh Corgis are achondroplastic, meaning they are a "true dwarf" breed. As such, their stature and build can lead to certain non-inherited health conditions, but genetic issues should also be considered. Commonly, Pembrokes can suffer from monorchidism, Von Willebrand's disease, hip dysplasia, degenerative myelopathy (DM), and inherited eye problems such as progressive retinal atrophy. Genetic testing is available for Pembroke Welsh Corgis to avoid these issues and enhance the genetic health pool.[20] Pembrokes are also prone to obesity given a robust appetite, characteristic of herding group breeds.[21]


The Pembroke Welsh Corgi lineage has been traced back as far as 1107 AD.[1][22] It is said that the Vikings and Flemish weavers brought the dogs with them as they traveled to reside in Wales.[22] As far back as the 10th century, corgis were herding sheep, geese, ducks, horses, and cattle as one of the oldest herding breed of dogs.

Pembroke Welsh Corgis are closely related to Schipperkes, Keeshonds, Pomeranians, Samoyeds, Chow Chows, Norwegian Elkhounds, and Finnish Spitz.[17] Pembrokes and Cardigans first appeared together in 1925 when they were shown under the rules of The Kennel Club in Britain.[2] The Corgi Club was founded in December 1925 in Carmarthen, Carmarthenshire.[2] It is reported that the local members favored the Pembroke breed, so a club for Cardigan enthusiasts was founded a year or so later.[2] Both groups have worked hard to ensure the appearance and type of breed are standardized through careful selective breeding.[2] Pembrokes and Cardigans were officially recognized by the Kennel Club in 1928 and were initially categorized together under the single heading of Welsh Corgis, before the two breeds were recognized as separate and distinct in 1934.[2]

Pembroke Welsh Corgis are becoming more popular in the United States and rank 20th (24th) in American Kennel Club registrations,[23] as of 2015 (2012). However, corgis are now listed as a "vulnerable" breed in the United Kingdom; the decline has been said to be due to a 2007 ban on tail-docking (the practice of cutting off the animal’s tail) in the U.K., as well as the lack of breeders in the U.K.[24] In 2009, the corgi was added to The Kennel Club's "At Watch" list of British breeds when annual registrations numbered between 300 and 450.[25] In 2014, the breed was put on the Club's "Vulnerable Native Breeds" list when registrations dropped under 300.[25] In 2018, the breed came off the "At Risk" list with 456 puppies registered in December 2017.[25] The Kennel Club has credited the renewed interest in the breed to the popular Netflix television series, The Crown.[25]


Pembroke Welsh Corgis can compete in dog agility trials, obedience, showmanship, flyball, tracking, and herding events. Herding instincts and trainability can be measured at noncompetitive herding tests.[26]

Queen Elizabeth's Corgis

At a young age, the Queen’s passion for this breed started when her father, King George VI, brought home their first royal corgi who was later named “Dookie”.[27] The Queen ceased breeding corgis around 2012 so as not to leave any behind after she dies; her last corgi, Willow, died 18 April 2018.[28]


  1. ^ a b c Wheeler, Jill C. (2010). Welsh Corgis. ABDO. p. 6. ISBN 1-61613-641-3.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Debra M. Eldredge (27 January 2009). Pembroke Welsh Corgi: Your Happy Healthy Pet, with DVD. John Wiley and Sons. pp. 21–. ISBN 978-0-470-39061-0. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
  3. ^ "Breed Standards : Pembroke Welsh Corgi - United Kennel Club (UKC)".
  4. ^ "Pembroke Welsh Corgi - DID YOU KNOW?". Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  5. ^ "Queen's Diamond Jubilee: Just how many dogs does she own?". Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  6. ^ The Kennel Club. "Vulnerable Native Breeds". The Kennel Club. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  7. ^ "MOST POPULAR DOG BREEDS IN AMERICA". Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  8. ^ Richard G. Beauchamp (1999). Welsh Corgis: Pembroke and Cardigan : Everything about Purchase, Care, Nutrition, Grooming, Behavior, and Training. Barron's Educational Series. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-7641-0557-9.
  9. ^ Debra M. Eldredge, DVM (25 February 2009). Pembroke Welsh Corgi: Your Happy Healthy Pet, with DVD. John Wiley & Sons. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-470-44364-4.
  10. ^ Debra M. Eldredge, DVM (25 February 2009). Pembroke Welsh Corgi: Your Happy Healthy Pet, with DVD. John Wiley & Sons. p. 70. ISBN 978-0-470-44364-4.
  11. ^ Eldredge, Debra M (2009). Pembroke Welsh Corgi: Your Happy Healthy Pet, with DVD. John Wiley & Sons. p. 17. ISBN 0-470-44364-2.
  12. ^ Richard G. Beauchamp (2010). Welsh Corgis--Pembroke and Cardigan: Everything about Purchase, Care, Nutrition, Grooming, Behavior, and Training. Barron's Educational Series. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-7641-4242-0.
  13. ^ PWCCA Standard of Perfection
  14. ^ Kennel Clun. "Pembroke Welsh Corg". Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  15. ^ United Kennel Club. "Pembroke Welsh Corgi". Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  16. ^ Cathy Lambert. Getting to Know Poodles: A Guide to Choosing and Owning a Poodle. Animalinfo Publications. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-921537-06-6.
  17. ^ a b "Get to know the Pembroke Welsh Corgi". Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  18. ^ "2004 Purebred Dog Health Survey". The Kennel Club. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
  19. ^ The Dog Encyclopedia. Penguin. 2013. p. 59. ISBN 1-4654-2116-5.
  20. ^ "From the Genetics Committee of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi Club of America, Inc". Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  21. ^ E. Hywel Burton (18 October 2011). Pembroke Welsh Corgi. Kennel Club Books. p. 116. ISBN 978-1-59378-890-2.
  22. ^ a b "Pembroke Welsh Corgi - HISTORY". Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  23. ^ "AKC Dog Registration Statistics". American Kennel Club. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
  24. ^ News, A. B. C. (2015-02-09). "Dog Gone! Why You're Seeing Fewer Corgis". ABC News. Retrieved 2016-10-08.
  25. ^ a b c d "Corgis and the Queen: Celebrating the breed that the Queen made popular". Retrieved 2019-01-04.
  26. ^ Hartnagle-Taylor, Jeanne Joy; Taylor, Ty (2010). Stockdog Savvy. Alpine Publications. ISBN 978-1-57779-106-5.
  27. ^ "What Are the Queen's Corgis Called? All About Elizabeth II's Dogs". Retrieved 2017-07-24.
  28. ^ "The Queen's Last Corgi Is Dead and the Internet Is Inconsolable". Time. Retrieved 2018-08-10.
Canine degenerative myelopathy

Canine degenerative myelopathy, also known as chronic degenerative radiculomyelopathy, is an incurable, progressive disease of the canine spinal cord that is similar in many ways to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Onset is typically after the age of 7 years and it is seen most frequently in the German shepherd dog, Pembroke Welsh corgi, and boxer dog, though the disorder is strongly associated with a gene mutation in SOD1 that has been found in 43 breeds as of 2008, including the wire fox terrier, Chesapeake Bay retriever, Rhodesian ridgeback, and Cardigan Welsh corgi. Progressive weakness and incoordination of the rear limbs are often the first signs seen in affected dogs, with progression over time to complete paralysis. Myelin is an insulating sheath around neurons in the spinal cord. One proposed cause of degenerative myelopathy is that the immune system attacks this sheath, breaking it down. This results in a loss of communication between nerves in lower body of the animal and the brain.

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is one of two separate dog breeds known as Welsh corgis that originated in Wales, predating the other breed, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. It is one of the oldest breeds of the British Isles.Cardigan Welsh Corgis are known to be an extremely loyal dog breed. They are also versatile and can live in a variety of settings. However, they benefit from regular physical and mental stimulation.

Corgi (disambiguation)

Corgi may refer to:

Welsh Corgi, a type of herding dog

Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Dookie (disambiguation)

Dookie is the third studio album and the major label debut by American punk rock band Green Day.

Dookie may also refer to:

Dookie (dog), a Pembroke Welsh Corgi bought in 1933 by King George VI

Dookie (poker variation)

Dookie, Victoria, Australia

Dookie United Football Club, an Australian rules football club based in Dookie, Victoria, Australia

Dookie V or Richard John Vitale (born 1939), American basketball sportscaster

Dookie, the library of agricultural and veterinary sciences at University of Melbourne

Dookie (dog)

Dookie (1933 – ?) or Rozavel Golden Eagle was a Pembroke Welsh Corgi bought in 1933 by King George VI and was the first of many Welsh Corgis to join the Royal Family. The dog was especially popular with Queen Elizabeth II, who has since owned over thirty corgis.

Herding dog

A herding dog, also known as a stock dog or working dog, is a type of pastoral dog that either has been trained in herding or belongs to breeds developed for herding.

List of most popular dog breeds

This article lists the most popular dog breeds by registrations.

Note: registrations shown are not the same as annual registrations, or as living individuals.

Natural bobtail

A natural bobtail is an animal's tail which due to a mutated gene grows unusually short or is missing completely. The genes for the shortened tail may be dominant or recessive.

Due to legislation restricting or preventing docking, natural bobtails are growing in popularity among the dog fancy for some traditionally docked breeds. For example, one Boxer breeder and geneticist in England has successfully petitioned the Kennel Club for permission to cross Corgis into his lines and then backcross to Boxers, introducing the gene into his lines. This would have been unheard of in decades past. A number of these bobtail Boxers have been exported to various countries around the world.

Old English Terrier

The Old English Terrier is a dog breed of the terrier type.

Palais Rohan, Bordeaux

The Palais Rohan is the name of the Hôtel de Ville, or City Hall, of Bordeaux, France.

The Palais Rohan in Place Pey Berland houses the town hall of Bordeaux and the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Bordeaux.

It took 13 years to build and was completed in 1784. In former times it was the Archbishop's Palace. Parts of it date back to medieval times though it has been improved at various times over the years. Its present appearance is due to renovations in 1771 by Archbishop Ferdinand Maximilien Mériadec de Rohan (hence the name). However, it was completely destroyed during World War II, and thus rebuilt. It was once home to worlds first Pembroke Welsh Corgi and housed fourteen soldiers.

Pembroke, Pembrokeshire

Pembroke (; Welsh: Penfro pronounced [pɛnˈvroː]) was the establishing county town of Pembrokeshire in Wales. Pembroke still features a number of historic buildings, town walls and complexes. It is a community and one of the larger towns in the county with a population of 7,552.

Pembroke Castle was the birthplace of Henry Tudor, later to become Henry VII of England.

Persistent pupillary membrane

Persistent pupillary membrane (PPM) is a condition of the eye involving remnants of a fetal membrane that persist as strands of tissue crossing the pupil. The pupillary membrane in mammals exists in the fetus as a source of blood supply for the lens. It normally atrophies from the time of birth to the age of four to eight weeks. PPM occurs when this atrophy is incomplete. It generally does not cause any symptoms. The strands can connect to the cornea or lens, but most commonly to other parts of the iris. Attachment to the cornea can cause small corneal opacities, while attachment to the lens can cause small cataracts. Using topical atropine to dilate the pupil may help break down PPMs.

In dogs, PPM is inherited in the Basenji but can occur in other breeds such as the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, Chow Chow, Mastiff, and English Cocker Spaniel. It is also rarely seen in cats, horses, and cattle.

Royal corgis

Queen Elizabeth's corgis were the Pembroke Welsh Corgi dogs owned by Queen Elizabeth II and her parents, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother. Fond of corgis since she was a small child, Elizabeth II has owned more than 30 corgis since she became Queen of the Commonwealth realms in 1952.In 2007, Elizabeth II had five corgis: Monty, Emma, Linnet, Willow and Holly; five cocker spaniels: Bisto, Oxo, Flash, Spick and Span; and four dorgis (dachshund-corgi crossbreeds): Cider, Berry, Vulcan and Candy. Monty, Willow and Holly appeared in the 2012 Olympic opening ceremony when, in a sketch, Daniel Craig (in character as James Bond) arrived at Buckingham Palace to escort the Queen to the event. Monty had previously belonged to the Queen's Mother, and died in September 2012. It was reported in 2015 that the Queen stopped breeding corgis so as not to leave any behind when she died. Her final corgi, Willow, died in April of 2018. Two dorgis, Vulcan and Candy, are still alive.The royal corgis are known all across the world and have been portrayed in many ways such as statues and works of art. For example, the crown coin which commemorated the Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II shows her with a corgi.

Sporting Lucas Terrier

The Sporting Lucas Terrier is a small breed of dog of the terrier type. The breed is named for Jocelyn Lucas.

Sutter Brown

Sutter Brown (September 24, 2003 – December 30, 2016) was the pet dog of Governor Jerry Brown of California and his wife, Anne Gust Brown.Sutter was a Pembroke Welsh corgi, originally from Ketchum, Idaho. He is named after early Sacramento settler, John Sutter (known for his Sutter's Mill's role in the California Gold Rush). Sutter was first owned by Kathleen Brown who gave the pet to her brother after he won the 2010 California gubernatorial election.

Vulnerable dog breeds of the United Kingdom

Vulnerable Native Breeds are a group of dog breeds originating in the United Kingdom and Ireland, and identified by The Kennel Club (KC) as having annual registration numbers of 300 puppies or fewer within the UK. The need for such a list was first identified in June 2003, with research conducted by the KC to identify the extent of the vulnerability and viability of each breed. It was a joint project, with the KC working with the British and Irish Native Breeds Trust, later to be known simply as the Native Dog Breeds Trust. The breeds on the list have been promoted at events such as Discover Dogs and Crufts, and by asking that owners of these breeds mate their dogs rather than having them spayed.The majority of the list come from the Terrier Group, a group mostly derived from breeds with backgrounds in the British Isles. The most marked drop in popularity is that of the Sealyham Terrier, which registered 1,084 breeds in 1938, but by 2004 was registering only sixty dogs a year. In October 2011, British magazine Country Life highlighted the breed on its front cover, with the heading "SOS: Save our Sealyhams," and launched a campaign to save the breed. The Otterhound, popular during the time of Henry VIII, has numbers of less than a thousand world wide and is described by the British & Irish Dog Breeds Preservation Trust as "twice as rare as the Giant Panda."The list was originally compiled in January 2006, and included 28 breeds. Later in 2006, the Miniature Bull Terrier was added. In 2007, after consultation with the breed clubs involved, the Bloodhound, Gordon Setter and King Charles Spaniel were re-classed as "Viable" rather than vulnerable. The English Setter is the newest addition to the list, having been added for the first time in 2012. However, during 2012 the number of English Setter puppies registered increased to 314, so the breed was moved to the Kennel Club's "At Watch" list, which is for breeds with registrations from 300-450. Breeds on the "At Watch" list included in 2013 the English Setter, the Old English Sheepdog, the Irish Terrier, the Irish Wolfhound, the Welsh Springer Spaniel, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, and the Welsh Terrier.

Welsh Corgi

The Welsh Corgi, sometimes known as just a Corgi (, Welsh for "dwarf dog"; plural "Corgis" or occasionally the etymologically consistent "Corgwn"; ), is a small type of herding dog that originated in Wales, United Kingdom. Two separate breeds are recognized: the Pembroke Welsh Corgi and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. Historically, the Pembroke has been attributed to the influx of dogs alongside Flemish weavers from around the 10th century, while the Cardigan is attributed to the dogs brought with Norse settlers, in particular a common ancestor of the Swedish Vallhund. A certain degree of interbreeding between the two types has been suggested to explain the similarities between the two.

The Pembroke is the more popular breed of the two, with the Cardigan Welsh Corgi appearing on The Kennel Club's list of Vulnerable Native Breeds. There are several physical differences between the two types according to the breed standards: the Cardigan is larger overall, both in weight and in height. Traditionally, the tails were of different shapes, but docking had previously been used. With regards to their health, according to a 2004 survey, they both had similar lifespans, although kidney or urethral conditions are more likely in the Pembrokes. Furthermore, Pembroke Corgis were more likely to have eye problems than the Cardigan breed. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi gained its popularity over the Cardigan Welsh Corgi because Queen Elizabeth II preferred the Pembroke. The favored corgis had longer bodies, thick coats of fur, and some are born without a tail. Welsh Corgis have a strong association with Queen Elizabeth II, who has personally owned more than 30 dogs, either Pembrokes or Corgi-Dachshund crosses (known as dorgis).


Zwei (German: "two") may refer to:

Zwei (band), a Japanese duo band

ZWEI, a text editor

Zwei!!, an action role-playing video game developed by the Nihon Falcom Corporation

Zwei, a team in Infinite Ryvius anime series

Zwei, a character in Phantom of Inferno anime series

Zwei, a Pembroke Welsh Corgi in the anime series RWBY.

Project Zwai, the codename for the video game The Evil Within

Weight Male 24–31 lb (11–14 kg)
Female 24–28 lb (11–13 kg)
Height Male 10–12 in (25–30 cm)
Female 10–12 in (25–30 cm)
Coat Medium length, thick, weather-resist double coat
Color Fawn, Black & Tan, Black & White, Red, Sable
Life span 12 – 15 years
Classification / standards
FCI Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs #39 standard
AKC Herding standard
ANKC Group 5 (Working Dogs) standard
CKC Group 7 - Herding Dogs standard
KC (UK) Pastoral standard
NZKC Working standard
UKC Cattle Herding Dog Breeds standard
Herding and
droving dogs
guardian dogs
Dogs originating in Britain
Gun dogs
Herding dogs

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