The Pelagie Islands (Italian: Isole Pelagie, Sicilian: Ìsuli Pilaggî), from the Greek πέλαγος, pélagos meaning "open sea", are the three small islands of Lampedusa, Linosa, and Lampione, located in the Mediterranean Sea between Malta and Tunisia, south of Sicily. To the northwest lie the island of Pantelleria and the Strait of Sicily. Geographically, part of the archipelago (Lampedusa and Lampione) belongs to the African continent and it is an Italian maritime exclave in the Tunisian continental shelf; politically and administratively the islands fall within the Sicilian province of Agrigento and represent the southernmost part of Italy.
Despite pockets of agriculture, the islands are unnaturally barren due to wanton deforestation and the disappearance of the native olive groves, juniper and carob plantations. Fifty years ago much of the landscape was farmland bounded by dry stone walls but today, the local economy is based on fishing – sponge fishing and canning – supplemented by tourism in Lampedusa.
|Native name: |
|Major islands||Lampedusa, Linosa, Lampione|
|Area||25.5 km2 (9.8 sq mi)|
Of particular ecological concern in the islands is the protection of the Loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) which is endangered throughout the Mediterranean as a result of its nesting sites being taken over by tourism. In Italy the beaches of Pozzolana di Ponente on Linosa and Isola dei conigli on Lampedusa are two of the last remaining sites where the turtle regularly lays its eggs, the others (larger) being in southern Calabria (close to Reggio Calabria). The Area Marina Protetta Isole Pelagie nature reserve, covering all three islands, was instituted in 2002.
The Campanian Archipelago (Italian: Arcipelago Campano), also called Neapolitan Archipelago (Arcipelago Napoletano), is an archipelago in the Tyrrhenian Sea, in southwestern Italy. It principally comprises 5 islands: Capri, Ischia, Nisida, Procida, and Vivara. Most of the archipelago belongs to the Metropolitan City of Naples (and previously part of the Province of Naples).Cheradi Islands
The Cheradi Islands (Italian: Isole Cheradi) in the Gulf of Taranto are a small archipelago of the harbor basin of the Mar Grande of Taranto. The island group consists of the two islands of San Pietro and San Paolo. Previously, there was still a third island, San Nicolicchio, but was destroyed through the expansion of the cargo port. Administratively, the islands belong to the old town of Taranto (municipality III Città Vecchia - Borgo).Italy–Tunisia Delimitation Agreement
The Italy–Tunisia Delimitation Agreement is a 1971 treaty between Italy and Tunisia in which the two countries agreed to delimit a maritime boundary between them in the continental shelf. The text of the treaty sets out a complex boundary in the Strait of Sicily representing an equidistant line between Sicily and Tunisia, with the exception of Pantelleria and the Pelagie Islands (Lampedusa, Linosa and Lampione) treated as Italian exclaves in the Tunisian side. Nevertheless, the islands in question were each given a 13-nautical-mile arc of territorial sea, intersecting Italian waters and forming a continuum with them.The boundary terminates just short of an equidistant line between Malta and the Italian Pelagie Islands and the westernmost point of the boundary line forms a maritime tripoint with Algeria. On 23 January 1975, the countries by agreement added supplemental minutes to the treaty, including a map of the boundary and 32 individual coordinate points that define it. It came into force on 6 December 1978 after it was ratified by both countries.
The treaty was signed in Tunis on 20 August 1971 and its full name is Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Tunisia and the Government of the Italian Republic concerning the Delimitation of the Continental Shelf between the two Countries.Lampedusa
Lampedusa (pronounced [lampeˈduːza]; Sicilian: Lampidusa [lambɪˈɾuːsa]; Ancient Greek: Λοπαδούσσα, translit. Lopadoussa) is the largest island of the Italian Pelagie Islands in the Mediterranean Sea.
The comune of Lampedusa e Linosa is part of the Sicilian province of Agrigento which also includes the smaller islands of Linosa and Lampione. It is the southernmost part of Italy and Italy's southernmost island. Tunisia, which is about 113 kilometres (70 miles) away, is the closest landfall to the islands. Sicily is farther at 205 kilometres (127 miles), whilst the island nation of Malta is 176 kilometres (109 miles) to the east.Lampedusa has an area of 20.2 square kilometres (7.8 sq mi) and a population of about 6,000 people. Its main industries are fishing, agriculture, and tourism. A ferry service links the island with Porto Empedocle, near Agrigento, Sicily. There are also year-round flights from Lampedusa Airport to Palermo and Catania on the Sicilian mainland. In the summer, there are additional services to Rome and Milan, besides many other seasonal links with the Italian mainland.
Since the early 2000s, the island has become a primary European entry point for migrants, mainly coming from Libya. In 2013, Rabbit Beach (it. "Spiaggia dei Conigli"), located in the southern part of the island, was voted the world's best beach by travel site TripAdvisor.Lampedusa Airport
Lampedusa Airport is an airport on the Italian island of Lampedusa in the Province of Agrigento, Sicily (IATA: LMP, ICAO: LICD). It is located a few hundred metres away from the city centre, and reaches its traffic peaks in the summer period, as several airlines run tourism-focused flights to the island.Lampione
Lampione (Sicilian: Lampiuni, English: Lantern) is a small rocky island located in the Mediterranean Sea, which belongs geographically to the Pelagie Islands and administratively to the comune of Lampedusa e Linosa, Province of Agrigento, region of Sicily, Italy. It is about 200 metres (656 feet) long and 180 metres (591 feet) across, and has an area of 4 hectares (9.9 acres) and a highest elevation of 36 metres (118 feet).
The islet is uninhabited, the only building being a lighthouse. According to the legend, the island was a rock which had fallen from the hands of the cyclops Polyphemus.Lampione is part of the Riserva Marina Isole Pelagie, and its vegetation and wildlife are strictly protected. Animal species include the endemic Podarcis filfolensis ssp. laurentimulleri (also found on Linosa), which is a subspecies of Maltese Wall Lizard, numerous migrating birds, and the Armadillidium hirtum pelagicum, a land crustacean. The waters are populated by sharks, including the sandbar shark, groupers, lobsters, and varieties of yellow and pink coral.Lampione Lighthouse
Lampione Lighthouse (Italian: Faro di Lampione) is an active lighthouse located
on the western tip of the island of Lampione which makes part of the Pelagie Islands in the Channel of Sicily.Linosa
Linosa (Sicilian: Linusa) is one of the Pelagie Islands in the Sicily Channel of the Mediterranean Sea.
The island is a part of the comune of Lampedusa e Linosa, part of the province of Agrigento, Sicily. It has a population of 430.List of lighthouses in Ascension Island
This is a list of lighthouses in Ascension Island.List of lighthouses in Ceuta
This is a list of lighthouses in Ceuta.List of lighthouses in Ivory Coast
This is a list of lighthouses in Ivory Coast.List of lighthouses in Somaliland
This is a list of lighthouses in Somaliland.List of lighthouses in Tanzania
This is a list of lighthouses in Tanzania.List of lighthouses in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
This is a list of lighthouses in Democratic Republic of the Congo.Maddalena archipelago
The 'Maddalena Archipelago' is a group of islands in the Strait of Bonifacio between Corsica (France) and north-eastern Sardinia (Italy).Punta Beppe Tuccio Lighthouse
Punta Beppe Tuccio Lighthouse (Italian: Faro di Punta Beppe Tuccio) is an active lighthouse located on the north eastern tip of the island of Linosa which makes part of the Pelagie Islands in the Channel of Sicily.Sant'Andrea Island
Sant'Andrea Island (Italian: Isola di Sant'Andrea) is a small island near Gallipoli in the Ionian Sea.Tinetto
Tinetto is an Italian island situated in the Gulf of La Spezia, in the eastern part of the Ligurian Sea. It is part of an archipelago of three closely spaced islands jutting out south from the mainland at Portovenere. In 1997, the archipelago, together with Portovenere and the Cinque Terre, was designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.Tino (island)
Tino is an Italian island situated in the Ligurian Sea, at the westernmost end of the Gulf of La Spezia. It is part of an archipelago of three closely spaced islands jutting out south from the mainland at Portovenere. The largest of the three, Palmaria, lies to the north and the tiny Tinetto to the south.
In 1997, the archipelago, together with Portovenere and the Cinque Terre, was designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
Islands of Italy in the Mediterranean
|Islets and skerries|
Outlying territories of European countries
Territories under European sovereignty but closer to or on continents other than Europe (see inclusion criteria for further information).
Countries and territories of North Africa
|Partially recognized state|
1Entirely claimed by both Morocco and the SADR. 2Spanish exclaves claimed by Morocco. 3Portuguese archipelago claimed by Spain. 4Disputed between Sudan and Egypt. 5Terra nullius located between Egypt and Sudan. 6Disputed between Sudan and South Sudan. 7Part of Chad, formerly claimed by Libya. 8Disputed between Morocco and Spain