For terms see Morphology of Diptera.
Pediciidae are medium-sized to large (5 mm., Dicranota 35 mm., Pedicia) flies which resemble Tipulidae. The wings, legs and abdomen are long and slender. Ocelli are absent. The eyes are pubescent; short erect hairs are present in between the eye facets (the eyes are usually glabrous in related families). The antenna have 12-17 segments. The thorax has a V-shaped transverse suture. The wing has 2 anal veins. The apical crossveins and M-Cu form an oblique line. The wings of Pedicia have contrasting brown longitudinal stripes.
Crane fly is a common name referring to any member of the insect family Tipulidae, of the order Diptera, true flies in the superfamily Tipuloidea. Cylindrotominae, Limoniinae, and Pediciinae have been ranked as subfamilies of Tipulidae by most authors, though occasionally elevated to family rank. In the most recent classifications, only Pediciidae is now ranked as a separate family, due to considerations of paraphyly. In colloquial speech, crane flies are sometimes known as mosquito hawks or daddy longlegs, a term also used to describe opiliones or the family Pholcidae, both of which are arachnids. The larvae of crane flies are known commonly as leatherjackets.Crane flies are found worldwide, though individual species usually have limited ranges. They are most diverse in the tropics, and are also common in northern latitudes and high elevations.The Tipulidae is one of the largest groups of flies, including over 15,000 species and subspecies in 525 genera and subgenera. Most crane flies were described by the entomologist Charles Paul Alexander, a fly specialist, in over 1000 research publications.Dicranota
Dicranota is a genus of flies in the family Pediciidae.Heterangaeus
Heterangaeus is a genus of hairy-eyed craneflies (family Pediciidae) from the Russian far east (Sakhalin & Kuril Islands), North Korea and Japan.Malaisemyia
Malaisemyia is a genus of hairy-eyed craneflies (family Pediciidae) from Assam (India), with the exception of M. ornatissima from Myanmar.Nasiternella
Nasiternella is a genus of hairy-eyed craneflies (family Pediciidae) with a Holarctic distribution.Nipponomyia
Nipponomyia is a genus of hairy-eyed craneflies (family Pediciidae).Pedicia
Pedicia is a genus of hairy-eyed craneflies (family Pediciidae).Pedicia autumnalis
Pedicia autumnalis is a species of hairy-eyed crane fly in the family Pediciidae.Pedicia contermina
Pedicia contermina is a species of hairy-eyed crane fly in the family Pediciidae.Pedicia parvicellula
Pedicia parvicellula is a species of hairy-eyed crane fly in the family Pediciidae.Pedicia procteriana
Pedicia procteriana is a species of hairy-eyed crane fly in the family Pediciidae.Pedicia rivosa
Pedicia rivosa is a species of hairy-eyed cranefly in the family Pediciidae. It is found across most of Europe, but excluding the Iberian Peninsula. The subspecies P. r. mannheimsi is found in France and Germany, and some specimens from Scotland may also belong to this subspecies.Pediciinae
The Pediciinae are a subfamily of flies in the family Pediciidae, closely related to Tipulidae (true craneflies). There are about 450 species worldwide.Savchenkoiana
Savchenkoiana is a genus of hairy-eyed craneflies (family Pediciidae) from the Russian far east (Primorskiy kray).Tipuloidea
Tipuloidea is a superfamily of flies containing the living families Cylindrotomidae, Limoniidae, Pediciidae and Tipulidae, and the extinct families Architipulidae and Eolimnobiidae.At least 15,300 species of crane flies have been described, most of them (75%) by the specialist Charles Paul Alexander.Tipulomorpha
The Tipulomorpha are an infraorder of Nematocera, containing the crane flies, a very large group, and allied families.
One recent classification based largely on fossils splits this group into a series of extinct superfamilies (below), and includes members of other infraorders, but this has not gained wide acceptance.Tricyphona
Tricyphona is a genus of flies in the family Pediciidae.Ula (fly)
Ula is a genus of flies in the family Pediciidae.Ulinae
The Ulinae are a subfamily of Hairy-eyed Craneflies closely related to true crane flies. There are about 28 species worldwide.
Extant Diptera families