Pecten (bivalve)

Pecten is a genus of large scallops or saltwater clams, marine bivalve molluscs in the family Pectinidae, the scallops. This is the type genus of the family.

This genus is known in the fossil record from the Cretaceous period to the Quaternary period (age range: from 70.6 to 0.0 million years ago). Fossil shells within this genus have been found all over the world.[1]

Pecten
Temporal range: Cretaceous - Recent
Pecten maximus Pilgermuschel
Two beachworn upper valves of Pecten maximus from Wales
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order: Pectinida
Family: Pectinidae
Genus: Pecten
O. F. Müller, 1776

Etymology

The name Pecten is from the Latin word for a comb or rake.[2] Since 1904, a Pecten shell has been used as the basis of the logo of Shell petroleum company.

Pectinidae - Pecten nigromagnus
Fossil shells of Pecten nigromagnus from Pliocene of Italy

Species

Species in the genus Pecten include:[3][4][5][6][7]

  • P. albicans (Schröter, 1802)
  • P. afribenedictus Kilburn & Dijkstra 1995
  • P. alcesianusMcLearn 1933
  • P. alphaDall 1898
  • P. argillensisConrad 1860
  • P. assinboiensisRussell & Landes 1937
  • P. aurantiacus Roding 1798
  • P. aztecusBose 1906
  • P. barrettiSeeley 1861
  • P. bifidusMenke 1843
  • P.biddleanaKellum 1926
  • P. cadwalladerensisMcLearn 1942
  • P. ceibanusCooke 1928
  • P. coderensisHarris 1927
  • P. collapsusWhite 1887
  • P. coralliphilaOlsson 1922
  • P. danicus Chemnitz 1795
  • P. deformisTate 1887
  • P. dendyiHutton 1902
  • P. dentatus Sowerby 1829
  • P. disparatusWood 1882
  • P. elixatusConrad 1846
  • P. excavatus Anton, 1838
  • P. expansusSmith 1847
  • P. flemingianusde Koninck 1863
  • P. fumata
  • P. fumatus Reeve 1852
  • P. gramamensisMaury 1930
  • P. grapteusMaury 1924
  • P. hemphilliiDall 1879
  • P. humphreysiiConrad 1842
  • P. inaequalisCossmann & Lambert 1884
  • P. jacobaeus Linnaeus, 1758
  • P. kokcharofide Verneuil 1845
  • P. lowei Hertlein 1935
  • P. maximus Linnaeus, 1758
  • P. mclellaniGibson 1987
  • P. mediacostatusHanna 1926
  • P. membranosusMorton 1834
  • P. mendenhalliArnold 1906
  • P. nearchiVredenburg 1928
  • Pecten nigromagnus (Sacco,1897)[8]
  • P. novaezelandiae Reeve 1853
  • P. nugentiBrown 1913
  • P. obsoletus Pennant 1777
  • P. palmipesTate 1886
  • P. paradeziid'Orbigny 1842
  • P. pascoeiCox 1936
  • P. pictusCossmann & Lambert 1884
  • P. pilgrimiCox 1936
  • P. plebeiaLamarck 1806
  • P. politusGemmellaro 1896
  • P. pontiamnisMcLearn 1942
  • P. pseudosolariumHassan 1953
  • P. ptychotisM'Coy 1847
  • P. raoulensis Powell 1958
  • P. sanctiludoviciAnderson & Martin 1914
  • P. santarosanusBose 1905
  • P. saskatchewanensisWarren 1934
  • P. scintillatusConrad 1865
  • P. seabeensisRichards 1947
  • P. sealyiRichards 1947
  • P. sedanensisMartin 1909
  • P. silentiensisMcLearn 1926
  • P. squamulaLamarck 1806
  • P. striatus Müller 1776
  • P. subrufus Pennant 1777
  • P. sulcicostatus Sowerby II, 1842
  • P. suwanneensisDall 1898
  • P. thaumastusMaury 1924
  • P. triradiatus Müller 1776
  • P. tyaughtonaeMcLearn 1942
  • P. vasseliFuchs 1878
  • P. vaughaniCooke 1919
  • P. vigintisulcatusMüller 1776
  • P. wendelliTucker 1934
  • P. yessoensis Jay, 1857

References

  1. ^ Fossilworks
  2. ^ Dictionary.com
  3. ^ World Register of Marine Species
  4. ^ Paleobiology Database
  5. ^ Catalogue of life
  6. ^ Encyclopedia of life
  7. ^ Branch, G.M., Branch, M.L, Griffiths, C.L. and Beckley, L.E (2005): Two Oceans: a guide to the marine life of southern Africa ISBN 0-86486-672-0
  8. ^ Fossil Shells Archived 2015-06-26 at the Wayback Machine

Bibliography

  • Frank H.T. Rodes, Herbert S. Zim en Paul R. Shaffer (1993) - Natuurgids Fossielen (het ontstaan, prepareren en rangschikken van fossielen), Zuidnederlandse Uitgeverij N.V., Aartselaar. ISBN D-1993-0001-361
  • Cyril Walker & David Ward (1993) - Fossielen: Sesam Natuur Handboeken, Bosch & Keuning, Baarn. ISBN 90-246-4924-2
Hosselkus Limestone

The Hosselkus Limestone is an Upper Triassic fossiliferous marine micritic limestone formation that outcrops in Plumas and Shasta Counties, California. It is known for its invertebrate fauna, most notably the many species of shelled cephalopods.

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