Pechora Sea

Pechora Sea (Russian: Печо́рское мо́ре, or Pechorskoye More), is a sea at the northwest of Russia, the southeastern part of the Barents Sea. The western border of the sea is off Kolguyev Island, while the eastern border is the western coasts of Vaygach Island and the Yugorsky Peninsula, and the northern border the southern end of Novaya Zemlya.

The Pechora Sea is quite shallow, its average depth being only 6 m. The deepest point reaches 210 m. In the southern part of the sea runs the eastward-flowing Kolguyev Current. There are a few islands close to the coast, the largest of which is Dolgiy Island.

The Pechora Sea is blocked by floating ice from November to June. The main river entering the sea is the Pechora.

Pechora sea4
Location of the Pechora Sea.

History

Historically, before the adjacent Barents Sea was named as such, the Pechora Sea's own name was already established. The rest of the present-day Barents Sea was known then as "Sea of Murmansk" (Murmanskoye Morye).

The Pechora Sea was used as a starting point of the exploration of the hitherto unknown icy seas lying to the east. The earliest recorded voyage across the Pechora Sea through the Yugorsky Strait was made by early Russian explorer Uleb, from Nizhny Novgorod. Uleb's passing into the Kara Sea was recorded in 1032.

Russian "Pomors", the coastal dwellers of the White Sea shores, explored this sea and the coast of Novaya Zemlya since the 11th century. The Arctic's first shipping line, the Great Mangazea Route, from the White Sea to the Ob River and the Yenisei Gulf began operating in the latter part of the 16th century. This line opened up the way to Siberia's riches and it worked until 1619, when it was closed for military and political reasons, for fear of possible penetration by Europeans into Siberia.

Ecology

The fisheries of the Barents Sea, in particular the cod fisheries, are of great importance for both Norway and Russia. There is a diversity of benthic fauna on the Pechora Sea floor.[1] In addition, there is a genetically distinct polar bear population associated with the Barents Sea.[2] So called Karskaya group of beluga whales migrate into Pechora Sea for wintering.[3] Various species such as walruses are under threat of possible pollutions.[4][5]

In current times there is some oil drilling in the Pechora Sea at the Dolginskoye and Prirazlomnoye oil fields. The negative ecological impact of such industrial exploitation in the Pechora Sea coast is significant.[6] According to Greenpeace[7] and the World Wildlife Fund Gasprom is not prepared to deal adequately with a spill associated with oil production.[8] As such, in September, 2013, Greenpeace staged a confrontation with the Russian Coast Guard in which Greenpeace activists approached and attempted to scale a Gasprom drilling platform

References

  • Encyclopædia Britannica
  • Salve Dahle (2004) Benthic fauna in the Pechora Sea. In: Oslo Database. Norwegian Polar Institute; Polar Environmental Centre; Akvaplan-niva, Tromsø, Norway, 10 September 2004 [1]
  • Benthic fauna: [2]
  • C. Michael Hogan (2008) Polar Bear: Ursus maritimus, Globaltwitcher.com, ed. Nicklas Stromberg
  • Oil and Gas Resources in North-West Russia (2008) [3]
  • S. A. Ogorodov (2004) Human impact on coastal stability in the Pechora Sea [4]
  • Leonid Sverdlov, (Member of the Russian Geographic Society), RUSSIAN NAVAL OFFICERS AND GEOGRAPHIC EXPLORATION IN NORTHERN RUSSIA.
  • C. Raymond Beazley, The Russian Expansion Towards Asia and the Arctic in the Middle Ages (to 1500). The American Historical Review

Line notes

  1. ^ S. Dahle, 2004
  2. ^ C.M. Hogan, 2008
  3. ^ Regional Environment Case Study - Barents and Kara Seas
  4. ^ Pechora Sea pollution causes diseases of the Atlantic walruses
  5. ^ Reeves R.R., Ewins J.P., Agbayani S., Blijleven J., 2013, Distribution of endemic cetaceans in relation to hydrocarbon development and commercial shipping in a warming Arctic, Marine Policy 44, pp.375-389, DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2013.10.005, Retrieved on January 29, 2017
  6. ^ S.A. Ogorodov, 2004
  7. ^ "Prirazlomnaya oil spill would threaten Russian Arctic with irreparable disaster: study". Greenpeace Russia. 14 August 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  8. ^ "Environmentalists warn of risk of oil production in the Russian Arctic". The Washington Post. Associated Press. 14 August 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2012.

Coordinates: 69°45′N 54°00′E / 69.750°N 54.000°E

Balearic Sea

The Balearic Sea (endotoponym: Mar Balear in Catalan and Spanish) is a body of water in the Mediterranean Sea near the Balearic Islands.

It is not to be confused with the Alboran Sea or the Iberian shelf waters. The Ebro River flows into this small sea.

D'Urville Sea

D'Urville Sea is a sea of the Southern Ocean, north of the coast of Adélie Land, East Antarctica. It is named after the French explorer and officer Jules Dumont d'Urville.

Dolgy Island

Dolgy Island (Russian: остров До́лгий, meaning "Long Island") is an island in the Pechora Sea, east of the Khaypudyr Bay. The landscape of the island is relatively flat with small lakes and tundra patches.

This island should not be confused with other islands called "Dolgy", one of which is located in the Barents Sea itself in the bay southeast of Khodovarikha and the other in Karelia. Dikson Island was also formerly called "Dolgy".

Irminger Sea

The Irminger Sea is a marginal sea of the North Atlantic Ocean.

It was named after Danish vice-admiral Carl Ludvig Christian Irminger (1802–1888), after whom also the Irminger Current was named.

Khaypudyr Bay

Khaypudyr Bay or Khaypudyrskaya Bay (Russian: Хайпудырская губа) is a gulf in Russia, located in the Pechora Sea (Southeastern Barents Sea) between the coastline of the Yugorsky Peninsula and the lowlands and marshy areas in the mainland south of Dolgiy Island. Its latitude is 68° 30' N and the longitude 59° 30' E.

The Khaypudyr Bay has a smaller bay within a larger one. The length of the wider gulf is approximately of 80 km, mouth width - 60 km. The smaller inner bay is often considered to be the Khaypudyr Bay proper. Its shape is rounder and it is located on the southwest shore of the larger one. Its length is 33 km and the width of its northward-facing mouth is 15 km. Its waters are very shallow, with an average depth between 1 and 2 m only.

The surface water temperature is 7C during summertime. The gulf freezes up during winter. The rivers Naulyakha, Talotayakha, Moreyu and Korotaikha flow into the Khaypudyr Bay.

This bay and its surroundings belong to the Nenets Autonomous Okrug administrative region of the Russian Federation, which is an autonomous okrug of Arkhangelsk Oblast.

Khodovarikha

Khodovarikha (Russian: Ходовариха) is a point in the coast of the Pechora Sea located on a landspit projecting eastwards over the bay. Latitude: 68° 57' Longitude: 53° 45'Khodovarikha belongs to the Nenets Autonomous Okrug administrative region, which is an autonomous okrug of Arkhangelsk Oblast.

Kolguyev Island

Kolguyev Island (Russian: о́стров Колгу́ев) is an island in Nenets Autonomous Okrug Russia located in the south-eastern Barents Sea (east of the Pechora Sea) to the north-east of the Kanin Peninsula.

Koro Sea

The Koro Sea or Sea of Koro is a sea in the Pacific Ocean between Viti Levu island, Fiji to the west and the Lau Islands to the east, surrounded by the islands of the Fijian archipelago.

It is named after Koro Island.

Pechora (disambiguation)

Pechora is a town in the Komi Republic, Russia.

Pechora may also refer to:

Pechera, Ukraine, Russian: Pechora, Romanian: Peciora, village in the Vinnytsia Oblast of Ukraine, located along the Southern Bug river in the Tulchin region (formerly Shpikov region)

Pechora concentration camp located in Pechera, Ukraine from 1941-1944.

Pechora Airport (IATA: PEX, ICAO: UUYP) is an airport in the Komi Republic, Russia

Pechora Kamenka is a military air base in the Komi Republic, Russia

S-125 Neva/Pechora, NATO reporting name SA-3 Goa, is a Soviet surface-to-air missile system

Pechora Radar Station in the Komi Republic, Russia.

Pechora River is a major river in Russia (Komi Republic and Nenets Autonomous Okrug)

Pechora Sea is a sea at the northwest of Russia, the southeastern part of the Barents Sea

Pechora pipit (Anthus gustavi) is a small passerine bird breeding in tundra

Pechora is the NATO reporting name for Daryal radar

Pechora River

The Pechora River (Russian: Печо́ра; Komi: Печӧра; Nenets: Санэроˮ яха) is a river in northwest Russia which flows north into the Arctic Ocean on the west side of the Ural Mountains. It lies mostly in the Komi Republic but the northernmost part crosses the Nenets Autonomous Okrug.

Prince Gustav Adolf Sea

Prince Gustav Adolf Sea is a marginal sea of the Arctic Ocean located in Qikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut, Canada.

Prirazlomnoye field

Prirazlomnoye field is an Arctic offshore oilfield located in the Pechora Sea, south of Novaya Zemlya, Russia, the first commercial offshore oil development in the Russian Arctic sector. The field development is based on the single stationary Prirazlomnaya platform, which is the first Arctic-class ice-resistant oil platform in the world. Commercial drilling was planned to begin in early 2012, however it was delayed at least until the Spring of 2013 due to protester's "safety concerns". Safety concerns have been raised about Prirazlomnoye platform, citing use of decommissioned equipment (the 1984 TLP upper section of the rig), however Gazprom’s oil spill response plan for Prirazlomnaya was renewed in 2014, and most questions found its answers.

The Arctic Prirazlomnoye field produced the 10 millionth barrel of Russian North Arctic Oil in March 2016.

Sea of the Hebrides

The Sea of the Hebrides () is a portion of the North Atlantic Ocean, located off the coast of western Scotland, separating the mainland and the northern Inner Hebrides islands (to the east) from the southern Outer Hebrides islands (to the west). To the north, the Sea of the Hebrides joins The Minch.The Sea of the Hebrides forms part of the Inner Seas off the West Coast of Scotland, as defined by the International Hydrographic Organization, and part of the Seas west of Scotland as far as fisheries management is concerned.

Shantar Sea

The Shantar Sea (Russian: Шантарское море) is a small coastal sea in the northwestern Sea of Okhotsk.

It is bounded to the north by Bolshoy Shantar Island, to the east by Malyy Shantar Island, and to the south by Tugur Bay.

Sibuyan Sea

The Sibuyan Sea is a small sea in the Philippines that separates the Visayas from the northern Philippine island of Luzon.

It is bounded by the island of Panay to the south, Mindoro to the west, Masbate to the east, and to the north Marinduque and the Bicol Peninsula of Luzon Island.

The Sibuyan Sea is connected to the Sulu Sea via the Tablas Strait in the west, the South China Sea via the Isla Verde Passage in the northwest, and the Visayan Sea via the Jintotolo Channel in the south-east. The Romblon Islands lie within the Sibuyan Sea.

Vaygach Island

Vaygach Island (Russian: Вайга́ч, romanized: Vajgač) is an island in the Arctic Sea between the Pechora Sea and the Kara Sea.

Vaygach Island is separated from the Yugorsky Peninsula in the mainland by the Yugorsky Strait and from Novaya Zemlya by the Kara Strait. The island is a part of Nenets Autonomous Okrug of Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia.

Area: 3,383 square kilometres (1,306 sq mi)

Length: ~ 100 kilometres (62 mi)

Width: up to 45 kilometres (28 mi)

Average temperatures: −20 °C (−4 °F) (February), 5 °C (41 °F) (June)

Highest point: 170 metres (560 ft)Vaygach Island is mainly formed of argillaceous slates, sandstone, and limestone. There are many rivers about 20–40 kilometres (12–25 mi) in length, swamps, and small lakes on the island. For the most part it consists of tundra. Slight rocky ridges run generally along its length, and the coast has low cliffs in places. The island consists mostly of limestone, and its elevation above the sea is geologically recent. Raised beaches are frequent. The rocks are heavily scored by ice, but this was probably marine ice, not that of glaciers. The only settlement on the island is Varnek.

Visayan Sea

The Visayan Sea is a sea in the Philippines surrounded by the islands of the Visayas: Western Visayas, Eastern Visayas, and Central Visayas to the south. It is bounded by the islands Masbate to the north, Panay to the west, Leyte to the east, and Cebu & Negros to the south.

The sea is connected to the Sibuyan Sea to the northwest via the Jintotolo Channel, the Samar Sea to the northeast, the Panay Gulf (part of the Sulu Sea) to the southwest via the Guimaras Strait, and the Camotes Sea to the southeast.

The largest island within this sea is Bantayan Island of Cebu province.

Yugorsky Peninsula

The Yugorsky Peninsula (Russian: Югорский полуостров) is a large peninsula in Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia. It is limited by the Khaypudyr Bay in the Pechora Sea to the west and by the Baydaratsk Bay in the Kara Sea to the north and east.

Latitude : 68° 40' Longitude : 62° 15'

Compared to the Barents Sea, which receives relatively warm currents from the Atlantic Ocean, the Kara Sea is much colder, remaining frozen for over nine months a year. Thus often, in the spring and in the fall, the eastern coast of the Yugorsky Peninsula is frozen, while its western coast is clear of ice.The Yugorsky Strait and, beyond it, Vaygach Island lie at the northwestern end of this peninsula. The Pay-Khoy Ridge occupies the peninsula and is extended from northwest to southeast.

In the southeastern end of the Yugorsky Peninsula lies the Kara Meteorite Crater, while the Ust-Kara site lies offshore, 15 km east of the small Kara or Karskaya Guba inlet. It was formerly believed that these two sites were two separate craters and that they formed a twin impact structure from a large-scale meteorite hit in the late Cretaceous. However, it seems that the Ust-Kara site does not exist as a separate site. Apparently, the Suevite outcrops of the Ust-Kara impact structure are only a part of the Kara impact structure. (Hodge 1994 and NASA 1988)

Yugorsky Strait

The Yugorsky Strait or Yugor Strait (Russian: Югорский Шар, or Yugorsky Shar) is a narrow sound between the Kara Sea and the Pechora Sea. Its maximum width is 10 km and its minimum width only 3 km.

Ostrov Storozhevoy, an island 1.6 km in length, lies in the middle of the strait.

This sound separates Vaygach Island from the Yugorsky Peninsula on the Russian mainland.

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Endorheic basins

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