Peabody is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 51,251 at the 2010 census, and in 2016 the estimated population was 52,491. Peabody is located in the North Shore region of Massachusetts, and is known for its rich industrial history.
The former tanneries of Peabody
Tanner City, The Leather City
Location in the United States
|Named for||George Peabody|
|• Type||Mayor-council city|
|• Mayor||Edward A. Bettencourt, Jr.|
|• Total||16.8 sq mi (43.5 km2)|
|• Land||16.2 sq mi (42.0 km2)|
|• Water||0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)|
|Elevation||17 ft (5 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||3,100/sq mi (1,200/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (Eastern)|
01960 / 01961
|Area code(s)||351 / 978|
|GNIS feature ID||0614307|
Originally known as the Northfields, Salem Farms, and Brooksby, the area was settled in 1626 by a small group of English colonists from Cape Ann led by Roger Conant. In 1752, the area was set off from Salem, and incorporated as a district of Danvers. It was referred to as "the South Parish", associated with a church located in present-day Peabody Square. In 1855, the community broke away from Danvers, and was incorporated as the independent town of South Danvers. The name was changed to Peabody on April 30, 1868, in honor of George Peabody, noted philanthropist born in present-day Peabody, widely regarded as the "father of modern philanthropy". It was granted city status in 1916. The western, less densely populated area of town is often separately, yet unofficially, referred to as West Peabody.
Peabody started off as a farming community, but its rivers and streams attracted mills which operated by water power. In particular, Peabody was a major center of New England's leather industry, which attracted immigrants from all around the world. By 1915, a third of the population was born outside the United States. In addition to becoming home to large Irish and Russian populations, Peabody developed a large community of laborers hailing from the Ottoman Empire, mostly Turkish and Kurdish speakers from the region of Harput, now known as Elazığ. The population was situated primarily on Walnut Street, where they filled boarding houses and coffee houses to such an extent that it became known as "Ottoman Street," and, more pejoratively and less accurately, "Peabody's Barbary Coast", as the United States was at war with the Ottoman Empire during World War I. One visitor even noted that signs in town were written in both English and Ottoman Turkish.
On the morning of October 28, 1915, twenty-one young girls were killed in the St. Johns School fire in the downtown area on Chestnut Street. The cause of the fire is believed to have been arson. Their bodies were found after the fire subsided, huddled together and burnt beyond recognition, near the entrance just steps away from survival. As a result, Peabody became the first city in the United States to establish a law that all entrances or exits in public buildings be push-open, rather than by handle or knob.
The tanneries that lined Peabody's "Ottoman Street" remained a linchpin of the city's economy into the second half of the 20th century. The tanneries have since closed or been relocated elsewhere, but the city remains known locally as the Leather City or Tanner City. The mascot of Peabody Veterans Memorial High School is named the Tanners.
The loss of the tanneries was a huge blow to Peabody's economy, but the city has made up for the erosion of its industrial base, at least in part, through other forms of economic development. Early in the 20th century, Peabody joined the automobile revolution, hosting the pioneer Brass Era company, Corwin Manufacturing.
The Northshore Mall, originally known as the Northshore Shopping Center, is one of the region's largest shopping malls. The mall opened in September 1958 as an outdoor shopping center, and was built on farm land originally owned by Elias Hasket Derby, one of America's first millionaires. Centennial Park, an industrial park in the center of the city, has attracted several medical and technology companies. West Peabody, which was mostly farm land until the 1950s, has been developed into a middle-to-upper class residential area. Brooksby Farm, a 275-acre (1.11 km2) working farm and conservation area has been one of the city's most popular destinations for decades.
Peabody is also the location of the Salem Country Club, a privately-owned country club with a professional golf course, which hosted the U.S. Senior Open in 2001 and 2017, and the U.S. Women's Open in 1954 and 1984.
Peabody is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.8 square miles (43.5 km2), of which 16.2 square miles (42.0 km2) is land and 0.58 square miles (1.5 km2) or 3.46%, is water. The northwestern border of Peabody lies along the Ipswich River, with brooks feeding it, and the Waters River, a tributary of the Danvers River, drains the northeast part of town. Several other ponds and a portion of Suntaug Lake lie within town. The largest protected portion of the city is the Brooksby Farm, whose land includes the Nathaniel Felton Houses.(42.534045, -70.961465).
The city is wedge-shaped, with the city center located in the wider southeast end. The neighborhood of South Peabody lies south of it, and the more suburban neighborhood of West Peabody lies to the northwest of the city center, separated by the highways and the Proctor neighborhood. Peabody's center is 2 miles (3 km) from the center of Salem, and is 15 miles (24 km) northeast of Boston, 18 miles (29 km) west-southwest of Gloucester, and 18 miles (29 km) southeast of Lawrence. Peabody is bordered by Middleton to the northwest, Danvers to the north, Salem to the east, Lynn to the south and Lynnfield to the southwest.
|* = population estimate. Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.|
As of the census of 2010, there were 51,251 people residing in the city and a total of 22,220 housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 90.4% White, 2.4% African American, 6.3% Hispanic or Latino of any race (1.3% Puerto Rican, 0.3% Mexican, 0.1% Cuban, and 4.5% other Hispanic or Latino), 1.9% Asian, 3.8% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races.
There were 21,313 households, of which 26.8% included children under the age of 18, 48.4% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28, and the average family size was 3.02.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 21.1% under the age of 20, 22.5% from 20 to 39, 29.8% from 40 to 59, and 26.5% who were 60 years of age or older. The median age of people in Peabody was 44.6. For every 100 females, there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $65,515, and the median income for a family was $80,471. Males had a median income of $55,352 versus $44,167 for females. About 4.4% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.
Peabody Veterans Memorial High School, a grade 9-12 public high school serving Peabody residents. The athletic teams are known as the Peabody Tanners. As of April 2008, there were 1,898 students enrolled in the school, and 146 teachers.
Bishop Fenwick High School, a Catholic private high school serving the entire North Shore region, is located in the city near the boundary with Salem, Danvers, and Beverly. As of 2017, enrollment is just under 600 students.
J. Henry Higgins Middle School, a grade 6-8 public middle school, with a hawk as its mascot.
Covenant Christian Academy, a Christian and classical preparatory school for students Pre-K through 12th grade. Moved into the old John F. Kennedy Junior High School in West Peabody in 2005. They serve students from over 45 cities and towns in eastern Massachusetts.
St. John The Baptist School, a private Catholic school that teaches up to grade 8. It currently has approximately 400 students.
Peabody is the site of the junction of Interstate 95, Massachusetts Route 128 and U.S. Route 1. After the junction with Route 1, the two highways split, with Interstate 95 going north and Route 128 going east towards Gloucester and Cape Ann. Massachusetts Route 114 passes through the northeast corner of town, going from Danvers towards Salem, with an intersection at Route 128's Exit 25, next to the Northshore Mall. The southern terminus of Route 35 is at Route 114, just a half mile before Route 114 enters Salem.
Several lines of the MBTA Bus service pass through town. The Logan Express also stops on Route 1 in Peabody. The Springfield Terminal rail line passes through town, with one line passing from Lynnfield towards Danvers, and another, mostly abandoned, line passing from Middleton to Salem. The nearest commuter rail service is in Salem, along the Newburyport/Rockport Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail, with service to Boston's North Station. The nearest airport is the Beverly Municipal Airport, and the nearest national and international air service is located at Boston's Logan International Airport.
The municipally-owned Peabody Municipal Light Plant provides electricity to the city. Natural gas service in Peabody is provided by National Grid. Cable television in Peabody is provided by Comcast.
The 1984 U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship was the 39th U.S. Women's Open, held July 12–15 at Salem Country Club in Peabody, Massachusetts. Hollis Stacy won her third U.S. Women's Open, one stroke ahead of runner-up Rosie Jones. It was Stacy's fourth and final major title.
The championship was played here thirty years earlier in 1954, won by Babe Zaharias, her tenth and final major title.Billy Murray (baseball)
William Jeremiah Murray (April 13, 1864 — March 25, 1937) was one of the most successful managers in American minor league baseball during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He also spent three seasons (1907–09) in Major League Baseball as manager of the Philadelphia Phillies of the National League.Bishop Fenwick High School (Peabody, Massachusetts)
Bishop Fenwick High School (better known simply as "Fenwick") is a private Roman Catholic high school in Peabody, Massachusetts. While located in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston, the school is operated independently and with the blessing of the Archdiocese. Students who attend Bishop Fenwick come from over 40 towns and communities in New England, primarily those closest to the campus such as Saugus, Salem, Peabody, Beverly, Marblehead, and Danvers, Massachusetts. The school also has a small number of international students, having welcomed its first international students in 2014.Brad Delp
Bradley Edward Delp (June 12, 1951 – March 9, 2007) was an American singer and songwriter. He is best known as the lead vocalist of the rock bands Boston and RTZ.Covenant Christian Academy (West Peabody, Massachusetts)
Covenant Christian Academy is a private Christian school and classical day school located in West Peabody, MA, on the North Shore of Boston in Essex County. Founded in 1991, Covenant Christian Academy is a college preparatory school, with over 290 students in pre-school through grade twelve. CCA draws students from over 45 different cities and towns in Eastern Massachusetts and Southern New Hampshire.
CCA’s mission is guided by its Christian and Classical philosophy of education. It is known regionally for its rigorous academics, its close knit community, and its commitment to the historic Christian faith. The schools motto is “Dedicated to Excellence. Anchored in Truth.”Frederick Berry
Frederick E. Berry (December 20, 1949 – November 13, 2018) was a Democratic politician from Massachusetts, who served as a member of the Massachusetts Senate from 1983 to 2013.Gary Gulman
Gary Lewis Gulman (born July 17, 1970) is an American stand-up comedian. He was a finalist on the NBC reality-talent show Last Comic Standing (seasons 2 and 3). In season 2, he finished in third place behind John Heffron and Alonzo Bodden. In 2005, he released his first CD, Conversations With Inanimate Objects.Hendrickson Publisher
Hendrickson Publisher is an American academic and reference book house founded in 1980. It is based in Peabody, Massachusetts.Jeff Allison
Jeffrey Allison (born November 7, 1984) is a former professional baseball pitcher.Jerry DeLucca
Gerald Joseph DeLucca (born July 17, 1936 in Peabody, Massachusetts) is a former American football offensive lineman in the National Football League for the Philadelphia Eagles. He also played in the American Football League for the Boston Patriots and the Buffalo Bills. He played college football at Middle Tennessee State University.John Kennedy (third baseman)
John Edward Kennedy (May 29, 1941 – August 9, 2018) was an American major league baseball third baseman, shortstop and second baseman. He played from 1962 to 1974 for the Washington Senators, Los Angeles Dodgers, New York Yankees, Seattle Pilots, Milwaukee Brewers, and Boston Red Sox.John P. Slattery
John P. Slattery (born April 5, 1958 in Beverly, Massachusetts) is an American politician who represented the 12th Essex district in the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1995–2003 and was a Peabody, Massachusetts City Counclior from 1993-1994. A staunch supporter of the death penalty, Slattery is best known for reversing his vote and sinking death penalty legislation. He was a candidate for Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts in 2002, but lost the Democratic nomination to Chris Gabrieli. He was a candidate for Mayor of Peabody in 2005, but lost to incumbent Michael Bonfanti. In 2012, John announced his plans to run for Massachusetts State Senate. Slattery lost the 2012 race to Joan Lovely by an overwhelming number of votes.Nicholas Mavroules
Nicholas James Mavroules (November 1, 1929 – December 25, 2003) was an American politician from Massachusetts. A member of the Democratic Party he served in the United States House of Representatives from 1979 until 1993. He pleaded guilty to 15 counts of racketeering and extortion in 1993 and served 15 months in prison.Northshore Mall
The Northshore Mall is an upscale shopping mall in Peabody, Massachusetts, located on Route 114. The mall is currently anchored by Nordstrom, JCPenney, DSW, and two Macy's locations. There a additional smaller notable stores including Michel Kors, Brooks Brothers, Bancroft & .c.o, Victoria’s Secret and The Cheesecake Factory. The mall is 2,867,004 square feet (266,353.4 m2) in size,(including anchors) and most of this space is located on one level, with the exception of the Nordstrom wing and most anchor stores. Previous anchors include Sears, Jordan Marsh, Filene's, and Lord & Taylor. The former Jordan Marsh store was four stories, until it was demolished to make way for the Nordstrom store. The mall is currently managed by Simon Property Group, who owns 56.4% of it, and is less than a mile away from Simon's Liberty Tree Mall.Paul Sorrento
Paul Anthony Sorrento (born November 17, 1965) is the Los Angeles Angels assistant hitting coach. He is a former first baseman in Major League Baseball. From 1989 through 1999, Sorrento played for the Minnesota Twins (1989–91), Cleveland Indians (1992–95), Seattle Mariners (1996–97) and Tampa Bay Devil Rays (1998–99). He batted left-handed and threw right-handed.
Sorrento played high school baseball for St. John's Preparatory School in Danvers, Massachusetts (1979-1983). Sorrento played college baseball for the Florida State University Seminoles under head coach Mike Martin. Sorrento played in two World Series, one for the Twins in 1991 and one for the Indians, in 1995.
On January 13, 2012, Sorrento was named hitting coach for Inland Empire 66ers of the California League they are the Class A-Advanced affiliate of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim. On November 9, 2012, he was named the minor league hitting coordinator for the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim organization. On November 3, 2015, Sorrento was hired as the Angels assistant hitting coach.Peabody Veterans Memorial High School
Peabody Veterans Memorial High School (PVMHS), also known as Peabody High School, is a comprehensive public high school in Peabody, Massachusetts. It is the only comprehensive public high school in the Peabody School District, spanning grades 9–12 in the U.S. education system. It is particularly known for its performing arts program including its instrumental and choral ensembles and drama club.Tha Trademarc
Marc Predka (born April 21, 1975), better known by his stage name Tha Trademarc, is an American hip hop artist. He first came to prominence when he and his first cousin, WWE wrestler John Cena, collaborated on the 2005 album You Can't See Me, including Cena's entrance theme "The Time Is Now". He also appeared in the music videos of the songs, "Bad Bad Man" and "Right Now" with Cena. Prior to the album, Trademarc appeared on Cena's first WWE DVD Word Life.
In August 2007, Trademarc appeared at Total Nonstop Action Wrestling's (TNA) Hard Justice pay-per-view as the "new boyfriend" of Karen Angle, later revealed to be a ruse when Karen and Trademarc helped Karen's "estranged" husband Kurt Angle win the match. He appeared again on iMPACT! the next week. While working with TNA he also re-recorded Kurt Angle's entrance music, mixing in a rap he did over a Lunatic Fringe beat with the TNA-composed "My Quest" to form the hip hop theme "Gold Medal". In 2008, he released his first solo debut album Inferiority Complex.Thomas Walsh (Massachusetts politician)
Thomas P. Walsh (born July 15, 1960 in Salem, Massachusetts) is an American politician who represented the 12th Essex district in the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1987–1995 and served as a City Councilor in Peabody, Massachusetts from 1984–1987, and was elected to the same office again in 2014. In 2016, he returned to the Massachusetts House of Representatives by winning a special election to replace Leah Cole in the 12th Essex District.Topshelf Records
Topshelf Records is an American independent record label started in Peabody, Massachusetts and as of 2015 is now based in San Diego, California.Topshelf Records has been profiled in the Pittsburgh City Paper, San Diego Reader, San Diego CityBeat, and Pitchfork.
Municipalities and communities of Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
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