Pazar (Laz and Georgian: ათინა, Atina; Greek: Αθήνα, romanized: Athína) is a town and district of Rize Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, 37 km east of the city of Rize. The town contains many inhabitants of Georgian and Laz ancestries as well as other peoples.
Location of Pazar, Rize within Turkey.
Location of Pazar, Rize within Turkey.
|• Mayor||Ahmet Basa (AKP)|
|• District||110.34 km2 (42.60 sq mi)|
|Elevation||37 m (121 ft)|
|• District density||280/km2 (720/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Area code(s)||(0090)+ 464|
The town was formerly named Atina (Αθήνα του Πόντου) and was renamed Pazar, meaning 'market', in 1928.
Pazar is a strip of Black Sea coast with high mountains running parallel to the coast inland. This coast has a mild climate with warm summers (22 °C in August) and cool winters (7 °C in January, it rarely snows on the coast), but very wet and humid, apart from the early summer (April–May–June) it rains heavily year round, with an average of 50 sunny days per year. The wind off the Black Sea is cold in autumn, warm and wet in summer.
With all this rainfall the area is very green, and even more water is brought to the area by the many streams bringing rainwater and snowmelt down from the Black Sea mountains, including the Pazar River itself.
This is a hilly district and the main economic activity is tea growing, plus some fishing, trade and light industry (tea processing) in the town of Pazar. Tea was first planted here in 1944 and there are now three factories in Pazar for processing the crop. 65% of arable land in Pazar is used for growing tea. Before tea was planted, citrus fruits and apples were grown here but this has mostly ceased now, apart from trees in family gardens, where people grow vegetables and keep poultry. There are small areas of tobacco, corn, potatoes and beans.
Pazar has plenty of grazing land, including summer grazing in the high mountain pastures (yayla in Turkish) further up the Fırtına River. At even higher altitudes efforts are being made to plant trees but it is hard to put roads through and manage a forest in these steep, high mountains.
Today Pazar is a market town, and the centre of the local tea trade. Fishing was once a major activity and Pazar still has a fleet of small fishing boats although this is in decline as the Black Sea becomes polluted and the traditional anchovies, flathead mullet, red mullet and other species are all in decline.
Until tea was planted these districts at the far end of Turkey were all impoverished, losing generation after generation as migrant workers in Europe or Istanbul. Life is still a struggle and people still leave although now many return for the tea harvest in summer.
Local handicrafts include basket-weaving and the hand-woven linen Rize bezi. As in much of rural Turkey, women traditionally cover their heads, partly out tradition, partly from practical necessity as they are outside in the wind and rain.
The first recorded occupation is the trading colony Αθήνα established here by the Ancient Greeks of Miletos in the 8th century BC. Along with the rest of what is now Rize Province, Athina then became part of the Roman Empire and its successors the Byzantine Empire and the Empire of Trebizond until it was brought into the Ottoman Empire by Mehmet II in 1461, although this coast was always vulnerable to pirates and threats of invaders from across the nearby Caucasus. Indeed, for two years during the First World War Atina was occupied by Russia.
Ardeşen (Laz and Georgian: არტაშენი/Artasheni or არდაშენი/Ardasheni) is a town and district of Rize Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, 48 km along the coast road from the city of Rize.Derepazarı
Derepazarı is a town and district of Rize Province on the Black Sea coast of Turkey between the cities of Rize and Trabzon, 8 km weast of the city of Rize.Fındıklı, Rize
Fındıklı (Laz and Georgian: ვიწე Vi3'e) is a town and district of Rize Province on the Black Sea coast of Turkey, east of the city of Rize.Güneysu
Güneysu is a town and district of Rize Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, inland from the city of Rize.Hemşin
Hemşin (Armenian: Համշէն Hamshen or Համամաշէն Hamamashen, literally "Hamam's Hamlet"; Laz and Georgian: ზუგა Zuga), is a town and district of Rize Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, 57 km from the city of Rize.
Hemşin is a district of green hills 19 km inland from the Black Sea. The area is the ethnic homeland of the Hemshin peoples of Turkey.Kalkandere
Kalkandere is a town and district of Rize Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, west of the city of Rize.
Formerly known as Karadere, this is a hilly, forested, rural area of scattered villages, inland from the Black Sea coast. There is little flat land and this is an impoverished area losing its population as they migrate away to jobs in other parts of Turkey or abroad. The local economy depends on growing tea on the hillsides. 90% of the agricultural land is tea plantations and there are tea processing plants in the town. Tea was planted in the 1950s and has brought new life to the area. Other activities include bee-keeping.
Kalkandere itself is a small town providing public services to the surrounding area. There are primary schools in the villages but children must come into town for high school.Limanköy, Çayeli
Limanköy is the largest neighborhood of the Çayeli district of Rize, a province on the Black Sea coast of eastern Turkey.Mehmet Haberal
Professor Dr. Mehmet Haberal, MD, FACS (Hon), FICS (Hon), FASA (Hon) is the founder of Başkent University of Ankara, Turkey.
In 1975, Mehmet Haberal performed the first living-related kidney transplant in Turkey. Alongside his active career in organ transplantation and burn treatment, he was an early participant in the move to create private non-profit higher education institutions in Turkey by establishing Başkent University. Though established in Ankara, the university is known throughout the country for its medical school, hospitals, outpatient clinics, and dialysis centers.
Haberal was born on October 29, 1944, in Pazar, Rize Province, Turkey. Surgeon and professor of Surgery, he trained at Ankara University in Turkey. He completed his fellowship in burns at the Shriners Burn Institute and John Sealy Hospital in Galveston, Texas (1973) before training under Prof. Thomas Starzl at the Colorado University Medical School Transplantation Center, Denver (Jan. 1974 – June 1975). He then returned to Turkey where he inaugurated the field of organ transplantation in the country.Muhammed Şahin
Muhammed Şahin (born 1965 in Pazar, Rize) is a Turkish academic. He is the former rector) of Istanbul Technical University (2008-2012), and the founding rector of MEF University (2013 – present).He studiede at Pazar Sivritepe Village Primary School, Pazar Secondary School and Pazar High School, He graduated from the Department of Geodesy and Photogrammetry (Geomatics) Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, İstanbul Technical University in 1987. Şahin received his master's degree from University College London 1991, and his PhD degree from University of Newcastle upon Tyne in 1994.Pazar
Pazar, Hormozgan, a village in the Iranian province Hormozgan
Pazar, Iran, a village in the Iranian province Yazd
Pazar, Rize, a district in the Turkish province Rize
Pazar, Tokat, a district in the Turkish province TokatRize
Rize is the capital city of Rize Province in the eastern part of the Black Sea Region of Turkey.Rize Province
Rize Province (Turkish: Rize ili) is a province of northeast Turkey, on the eastern Black Sea coast between Trabzon and Artvin. The province of Erzurum is to the south. It was formerly known as Lazistan, the designation of the term of Lazistan was officially banned in 1926, by Kemalists. Its capital is the city of Rize. The province is home to Laz, Hemshin, Turkish people and Georgian communities. Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan spent his early childhood in Rize, where his father was a member of the Turkish Coast Guard.Rize–Artvin Airport
Rize–Artvin Airport (Turkish: Rize–Artvin Havalimanı) is an airport under construction on reclaimed land from the sea off the coast of in Rize Province, northeastern Turkey.
The airport is situated off the coast of Yeşilköy village in Pazar district of Rize Province. It is 34 km (21 mi) east of Rize and about 75 km (47 mi) west of Artvin. It is being constructed on ground obtained through filling a part of the Black Sea shore by rocks brought from nearby quarries in Merdivenli, Hisarlı, Kanlımezra and Kuzeyca. To fill the up to 30 m (98 ft)-deep sea, at least 85 million tons of rock is required. The airport building will cover an area of 4,500 m2 (48,000 sq ft), and the runway will 3,000 m (9,800 ft) long at 45 m (148 ft) width parallel to seashore. The construction works began with groundbreaking in 2017. It will be the country's second airport of its sort following Ordu–Giresun Airport. It is expected that the airport will go into service in 2021, and will serve about two million passengers annually. The construction cost is budgeted to 750 million (approx. US$206 million).Çamlıhemşin
Çamlıhemşin (Laz: ვიჯა Vica or ვიჯე Vice; Georgian: ვიჯა Vija) is a small town and district of Rize Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey.
With its mountains and valleys in all shades of green, Çamlıhemşin has a reputation as one of the most attractive parts of the eastern Black Sea region, particularly with the autumn foliage.Çayeli
Çayeli (Laz: მაფავრი/Mapavri) is a town and district of Rize Province on the Black Sea coast of eastern Turkey, 18 km east of the city of Rize.
Çay means tea in Turkish and a large percentage of Turkey's tea is indeed grown in this lush green district.İkizdere
İkizdere is a town and district of Rize Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey.İyidere
İyidere is a town and district of Rize Province on the Black Sea coast of north-eastern Turkey, 14 km from the city of Rize.
Formerly known as Aspet, İyidere is a green rural district. The local economy depends on growing and processing tea, plus some other farming and fishing.
|Climate data for Pazar, Turkey|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||6.7
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||197
Metropolitan municipalities are bolded.