Pay-per-view (PPV) is a type of pay television service by which a subscriber of a television service provider can purchase events to view via private telecast. The broadcaster shows the event at the same time to everyone ordering it (as opposed to video-on-demand systems, which allow viewers to see recorded broadcasts at any time). Events can be purchased using an on-screen guide, an automated telephone system, or through a live customer service representative. Events often include feature films, sporting events, and other entertainment programs. With the rise of the Internet, the term Internet pay-per-view (iPPV) has been used to describe pay-per-view services accessed online. PPV is most commonly used to distribute combat sports events, such as boxing and mixed martial arts, and sports entertainment such as professional wrestling.
The earliest form of pay-per-view was closed-circuit television, also known as theatre television, where professional boxing telecasts were broadcast live to a select number of venues, mostly theaters, where viewers paid for tickets to watch the fight live. The first fight with a closed-circuit telecast was Joe Louis vs. Jersey Joe Walcott in 1948. Closed-circuit telecasts peaked in popularity with Muhammad Ali in the 1960s and 1970s, with "The Rumble in the Jungle" fight drawing 50 million buys worldwide in 1974, and the "Thrilla in Manila" drawing 100 million buys worldwide in 1975. Closed-circuit television was gradually replaced by pay-per-view home television in the 1980s and 1990s.
The Zenith Phonevision system became the first home pay-per-view system to be tested in the United States. Developed in 1951, it used telephone lines to take and receive orders, as well as to descramble a television broadcast signal. The field tests conducted for Phonevision lasted for 90 days and were tested in Chicago, Illinois. The system used IBM punch cards to descramble a signal broadcast during the broadcast station's "off-time". Both systems showed promise, but the Federal Communications Commission denied them the permits to operate.
One of the earliest pay-per-view systems on cable television, the Optical Systems-developed Channel 100, first began service in 1972 in San Diego, California through Mission Cable (which was later acquired by Cox Communications) and TheaterVisioN, which operated out of Sarasota, Florida. These early systems quickly went out of business, as the cable industry adopted satellite technology and as flat-rate pay television services such as Home Box Office (HBO) became popular.
While most pay-per-view services were delivered via cable, there were a few over-the-air pay TV stations that offered pay-per-view broadcasts in addition to regularly scheduled broadcasts of movies and other entertainment. These stations, which operated for a few years in Chicago, Los Angeles and some other cities, broadcast "scrambled" signals that required descrambler devices to convert the signal into standard broadcast format. These services were marketed as ON-TV.
The first home pay-per-view cable television broadcast was the Floyd Patterson vs. Ingemar Johansson rematch in 1960, when 25,000 TelePrompTer subscribers mailed $2 to watch Patterson regain the heavyweight title. The third Patterson–Johansson match in 1961 was later viewed by 100,000 paid cable subscribers. Muhammad Ali had several fights on early pay-per-view home television, including Cassius Clay vs. Doug Jones in 1963, and Muhammad Ali vs. Sonny Liston which drew 250,000 buys on cable television in 1964.
Professional boxing was largely introduced to pay-per-view cable television with the "Thrilla in Manila" fight between Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier in September 1975. The fight sold 500,000 pay-per-view buys on HBO. There was also another major title fight aired on pay-per-view in 1980, when Roberto Durán defeated Sugar Ray Leonard. Cable companies offered the match for $10, and about 155,000 customers paid to watch the fight.
A major pay-per-view event occurred on September 16, 1981, when Sugar Ray Leonard fought Thomas "Hitman" Hearns for the World Welterweight Championship. Viacom Cablevision in Nashville, Tennessee – the first system to offer the event – saw over 50 percent of its subscriber base purchase the fight. Leonard visited Nashville to promote the fight, and the event proved such a success that Viacom themed its annual report for that year around it. Viacom marketing director Pat Thompson put together the fight, and subsequently put together additional PPV fights, wrestling matches, and even a televised Broadway play.
After leaving Viacom, Thompson became head of Sports View and produced the first pay-per-view football game on October 16, 1983, a college football game between the University of Tennessee and the University of Alabama from Birmingham, Alabama. Sports View played a role in building pay-per-view networks, and became the early pioneer in developing TigerVision for Louisiana State University, TideVision for Alabama and UT Vol Seat for Tennessee. Sports View also produced the Ohio State-Michigan football game for pay-per-view in November 1983.
In 1985, the first pay-per-view cable channels in the United States – Viewer's Choice (now In Demand), Cable Video Store, First Choice and Request TV – began operation within days of each other. Viewer's Choice serviced both home satellite dish and cable customers, while Request TV, though broadcasting to cable viewers, would not become available to satellite subscribers until the 1990s. First Choice PPV was available on Rogers Cablesystems in the United States and Canada. After Paragon Cable acquired the Rogers Cablesystems franchise in San Antonio, Texas, First Choice continued to be carried until Time Warner Cable bought Paragon in 1996. In the United States, pay-per-view broadcasters transmit without advertisements, similar to conventional flat-rate pay television services.
The term "pay-per-view" did not come into general use until the late 1980s when companies such as Viewer's Choice, HBO and Showtime started using the system to show movies and some of their productions. Viewer's Choice carried movies, concerts and other events, with live sporting events such as WrestleMania being the most predominant programming. Prices ranged from $3.99 to $49.99, while HBO and Showtime, with their event production legs TVKO and SET Pay Per View, would offer championship boxing matches ranging from $14.99 to $54.99.
ESPN later began to televise college football and basketball games on pay-per-view through its services ESPN GamePlan and ESPN Full Court, which were eventually sold as full-time out-of-market sports packages. The boxing undercard Latin Fury, shown on June 28, 2003, became ESPN's first boxing card on pay-per-view and also the first pay-per-view boxing card held in Puerto Rico. Pay-per-view has provided a revenue stream for professional wrestling circuits such as WWE, Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA), Ring of Honor (ROH) and Lucha Libre AAA World Wide (AAA).
WWE chairman and chief executive officer Vince McMahon is considered by many as one of the icons of pay-per-view promotion. McMahon owns the domain name payperview.com, which redirects to the WWE Network website.
In 2006, HBO generated 3.7 million pay-per-view buys with $177 million in gross sales. The only year with more buys previously, 1999, had a total of 4 million. The former record fell in 2007 when HBO sold 4.8 million PPV buys with $255 million in sales. In 2014, HBO generated 59.3 million buys and $3.1 billion in revenue since its 1991 debut with Evander Holyfield-George Foreman.
1999 differed radically from 2006: 1999 saw four major fight cards: De La Hoya-Trinidad (1.4 million buys), Holyfield-Lewis I (1.2 million), Holyfield-Lewis II (850,000) and De La Hoya-Quartey (570,000). By contrast, only one pay-per-view mega-fight took place in 2006: De La Hoya-Mayorga (925,000 buys). Rahman-Maskaev bombed with under 50,000. The other eight PPV cards that year all fell in the 325,000–450,000 range. Pay-per-view fights in that range almost always generate more money for the promoter and fighters than HBO wants to pay for an HBO World Championship Boxing license-fee.
In May 2007, the super-welterweight boxing match between Oscar De La Hoya vs. Floyd Mayweather Jr. on HBO PPV became the biggest-selling non-heavyweight title fight, with a little more than 2.5 million buyers. The fight itself generated roughly $139 million in domestic PPV revenue, making it the most lucrative prizefight of that era. The record stood until 2015 before it was broken by Floyd Mayweather, Jr. vs. Manny Pacquiao in a fight dubbed as the "Fight of the Century" on May 2, 2015 which generated 4.6 million ppv buys and a revenue of over $400 million.
The leading PPV attraction, Floyd Mayweather Jr. has generated approximately 24 million buys and $1.6 billion in revenue. Manny Pacquiao, ranked second, has generated approximately 19.2 million buys and $1.2 billion in revenue. Oscar De La Hoya, has "sold" approximately 14 million units in total, giving $700 million in domestic television receipts and stands third. In fourth place in buys, Evander Holyfield has achieved 12.6 million units ($550 million); and at fifth, Mike Tyson has reached 12.4 million units ($545 million).
Ross Greenburg, then president of HBO Sports, called the expansion of pay-per-view "the biggest economic issue in boxing", stating "I can't tell you that pay-per-view helps the sport because it doesn't. It hurts the sport because it narrows our audience, but it's a fact of life. Every time we try to make an HBO World Championship Boxing fight, we're up against mythical pay-per-view numbers. HBO doesn't make a lot of money from pay-per-view. There's usually a cap on what we can make. But the promoters and fighters insist on pay-per-view because that's where their greatest profits lie."
"It's a big problem," Greenburg continues. "It's getting harder and harder to put fighters like Manny Pacquiao on HBO World Championship Boxing. If Floyd Mayweather beats Oscar, he might never fight on HBO World Championship Boxing again. But if HBO stopped doing pay-per-view, the promoters would simply do it on their own [like Bob Arum did with Cotto-Malignaggi in June 2006] or find someone else who will do it for them."
Former HBO Sports President Seth Abraham concurs, saying, "I think, if Lou (DiBella) and I were still at HBO, we'd be in the same pickle as far as the exodus of fights to pay-per-view is concerned."
The Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), a mixed martial arts promotion, was a relative newcomer to the PPV market. However, the promotion experienced a surge in popularity in the mid-2000's, credited initially to the popularity of an associated reality show on the cable channel Spike, The Ultimate Fighter. UFC 52—the first UFC event since its premiere, broke the promotion's record with almost 300,000 buys (in comparison to 250,000 for UFC 5). PPV numbers escalated further in 2006, with its events taking in a gross revenue of $222 million. In October 2016, it was reported that 42% of the UFC's "content revenue" in 2015 came from pay-per-view buys, followed by U.S. and international media rights.
Professional wrestling has a long history of running pay-per-view events. WWE (then WWF) launched its first pay-per-view event in 1985 with The Wrestling Classic and has run numerous others throughout the years. Other major organisations such as WCW, ECW and TNA have also run pay-per-view events.
Although it still offers its events via traditional pay-per-view outlets, since 2014 WWE has offered all of its PPV events at no additional charge as part of a subscription-based streaming service known as WWE Network—which features on-demand access to library content and other exclusive programming. Following WrestleMania 34, the service had 2.12 million subscribers.
In 2015, PPV broadcasts of the Fare Thee Well: Celebrating 50 Years of the Grateful Dead tour set a record for buys for a music event, with over 400,000.
Viewers in the United Kingdom and Ireland can access pay-per-view via satellite, cable and over-the-internet television services, mainly for films, boxing and American professional wrestling via services such as Sky Box Office and more recently ITV Box Office and BT Sport Box Office. The last couple of years has seen the number of pay-per-view boxing events significantly increase and currently all of the UK's top fights are only available via pay-per-view. Broadcasters (most notably PremPlus) have abandoned their aspirations to introduce PPV into other sports market due to poor take-up.
In Canada, most specialty television providers provide pay-per-view programming through one or more services. In all cases, prices typically range from around C$4.99 (for movies) up to $50 or more for special events.
Initially, there were three major PPV providers in Canada; Viewers Choice Canada operated in Eastern Canada as a joint venture of Astral Media, Rogers Communications, and TSN, while Western International Communications operated a separate service also branded as Viewers Choice, which used the brand under licence after previously operating as Home Theatre.
Viewers Choice Canada was a partner in a French-language PPV service known as Canal Indigo, which is now entirely owned by Videotron. Bell Canada also launched a PPV service for its ExpressVu television provider known as Vu! in 1999.
Home Theatre was later acquired by Shaw Communications; after gaining permission to operate nationally, it re-branded as a white-label PPV known internally as Shaw PPV in December 2007. In 2014, due to Bell Media's majority ownership of Viewers Choice because of its acquisition of Astral, and because both Bell and Rogers now ran their own in-house PPV operations (Vu! and Sportsnet PPV), Viewers Choice was shut down.
In Romania, cable communications operator UPC Romania has notified the National Audiovisual Council (CNA) on the intention to introduce in January, February 2014 at the latest, an on-demand audiovisual media service called Agerpres. According to the manager of UPC Romania-owned Smaranda Radoi UPC, will allow customers to watch movies on demand or live events; as well as broadcasts of performances, concerts and sporting events.
In France, launched in the late 1990s, Canalsat (Ciné+) and TPS (Multivision) operate their own pay-per-view service. While CanalSat holds the rights to live soccer matches for France's Ligue 1, TPS had the rights for Boxe matches. In 2007, Multivision service ceased by the end of TPS service which merged with Canalsat. Nowadays, Ciné+ is the only existing pay-per-view service in France.
In Croatia, Fight Channel is broadcasting martial arts events organized by the world's most prominent fighting organizations, such as the UFC, K-1, HBO Boxing, Dream, Glory WS, World Series of Boxing etc. and its pay-per-view service covers the Balkans region.
Per nations with Pay-Per-View or PPV system in South América:
In Brazil, in the soccer main matches of Serie A (Six games per matchday) and Serie B (Four games per matchday) in two categories of Brazilian Soccer are broadcast live on Premiere FC and SporTV. The Serie C Championship are broadcast live on SporTV with two games per matchday in Pay TV. In other sports are broadcast live on NBB TV (Exclusive channel of Brazilian Basketball League in Premium system)
In Chile, the exclusive rights of Chilean Soccer are owned by TV Fútbol and broadcast live on a channel called Canal Del Fútbol (The Soccer Channel), also known CDF. Sports Field S.A. has exclusive rights to games on the Chilean professional basketball league, which are broadcast live vía CDO (Premium Signal)
In Paraguay, the Teledeportes business have exclusive rights to broadcast live main matches of Paraguayan Soccer in four categories vía Tigo Max and Tigo Sports. Teledeportes have live broadcast live of Paraguayan Basketball League is broadcast live Monday at 7:55 pm on Tigo Max (K.O 20:10) and Thursday at 8:00 pm on Tigo Sports (K.O 20:15).
In Uruguay, the Tenfield producer business and sports events organization have television exclusive rights for the main matches of Uruguayan soccer and basketball, which are broadcast on VTV Max and VTV Sports.
Foxtel and Optus Vision introduced pay-per-view direct to home television in Australia in the mid-to-late 1990s. Foxtel had Event TV (until it transformed into its current form; Main Event) while, Optus Vision had Main Attraction Pay-Per-View as its provider. As of 2005, Main Event is the current pay-per-view provider through Foxtel and Optus cable/satellite subscription.
Sky Pacific started a service in Fiji in 2005 and then expanded into American Samoa, Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati (East), Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga and Vanuatu, with one, out of their 25 channels, being Pay-Per-View.
Netflix is available in Australia.
In Japan, SkyPerfecTV subscribers can receive one-click pay-per-view access to hundreds of channels supplying domestic and international sporting events (including WWE events), movies, and specialty programming, either live or later on continuous repeat on its channel.
In India a pay-per-view service operates; however, pay-per-view sports broadcasts are available.Now also live events like wwe.
The following is a list of boxing fights that have generated over 1 million pay-per-view buys worldwide. These figures include closed-circuit theatre television (CCTV), pay-per-view home television (PPV), and pay-per-view online streaming (iPPV).
|March 8, 1971||Muhammad Ali vs. Joe Frazier||
|October 30, 1974||Muhammad Ali vs. George Foreman||
|October 1, 1975||Muhammad Ali vs. Joe Frazier III||
|September 27, 1976||Muhammad Ali vs. Ken Norton III||
|June 20, 1980||Roberto Durán vs. Sugar Ray Leonard||
|June 11, 1982||Larry Holmes vs. Gerry Cooney||
|April 6, 1987||Sugar Ray Leonard vs. Marvin Hagler||
|June 27, 1988||Mike Tyson vs. Michael Spinks||
|April 19, 1991||Evander Holyfield vs. George Foreman||
|June 28, 1991||Mike Tyson vs. Donovan Ruddock II||1,250,000||$49,142,000||$90,000,000|
|August 19, 1995||Mike Tyson vs. Peter McNeeley||
|March 16, 1996||Frank Bruno vs. Mike Tyson II||
|September 7, 1996||Mike Tyson vs. Bruce Seldon||
|November 9, 1996||Mike Tyson vs. Evander Holyfield||
|June 28, 1997||Mike Tyson vs. Evander Holyfield II||
|September 18, 1999||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Félix Trinidad||
|June 8, 2002||Lennox Lewis vs. Mike Tyson||
|May 5, 2007||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Floyd Mayweather Jr.||
|December 8, 2007||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Ricky Hatton||
|December 6, 2008||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Manny Pacquiao||
|May 2, 2009||Manny Pacquiao vs. Ricky Hatton||
|September 19, 2009||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Juan Manuel Márquez||
|November 14, 2009||Manny Pacquiao vs. Miguel Cotto||
|May 1, 2010||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Shane Mosley||
|November 13, 2010||Manny Pacquiao vs. Antonio Margarito||
|May 7, 2011||Manny Pacquiao vs. Shane Mosley||
|September 17, 2011||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs Victor Ortiz||
|November 13, 2011||Manny Pacquiao vs. Juan Manuel Márquez III||
|May 5, 2012||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Miguel Cotto||
|December 8, 2012||Manny Pacquiao vs. Juan Manuel Márquez IV||
|September 14, 2013||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Canelo Álvarez||
|May 2, 2015||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Manny Pacquiao||
|April 29, 2017||Anthony Joshua vs. Wladimir Klitschko||
|August 26, 2017||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Conor McGregor||
|September 16, 2017||Canelo Álvarez vs. Gennady Golovkin||
|March 31, 2018||Anthony Joshua vs. Joseph Parker||
|August 25, 2018||KSI vs. Logan Paul||1,050,000||$14,000,000||$14,000,000|
|Sep 15, 2018||Canelo Álvarez vs. Gennady Golovkin II||
|Sep 22, 2018||Anthony Joshua vs. Alexander Povetkin||
|June 15, 1951||Joe Louis vs. Lee Savold||81,022||$100,000||$970,000|
|September 12, 1951||Sugar Ray Robinson vs. Randolph Turpin II||100,000||$200,000||$1,930,000|
|September 23, 1952||Rocky Marciano vs. Joe Walcott||40,000||$192,000||$1,810,000|
|September 21, 1955||Rocky Marciano vs. Archie Moore||300,000||$1,125,000||$10,520,000|
|September 23, 1957||Sugar Ray Robinson vs. Carmen Basilio||500,000||$1,750,000||$13,380,000|
|March 25, 1958||Sugar Ray Robinson vs. Carmen Basilio II||400,000||$2,000,000||$17,370,000|
|August 18, 1958||Floyd Patterson vs. Roy Harris||192,762||$763,437||$6,560,000|
|June 26, 1959||Floyd Patterson vs. Ingemar Johansson||244,000||$1,032,000||$8,870,000|
|June 20, 1960||Floyd Patterson vs. Ingemar Johansson II||500,000||$3,000,000||$25,410,000|
|March 13, 1961||Floyd Patterson vs. Ingemar Johansson III||500,000||$2,500,000||$20,960,000|
|September 25, 1962||Floyd Patterson vs. Sonny Liston||600,000||$3,200,000||$26,500,000|
|March 13, 1963||Cassius Clay vs. Doug Jones||150,000||$500,000||$4,090,000|
|July 22, 1963||Floyd Patterson vs. Sonny Liston II||563,000||$4,747,690||$39,320,000|
|February 25, 1964||Muhammad Ali vs. Sonny Liston||700,000||$5,000,000||$40,400,000|
|January 2, 1965||Floyd Patterson vs. George Chuvalo||300,000||$800,000||$6,360,000|
|May 25, 1965||Muhammad Ali vs. Sonny Liston II||630,000||$4,300,000||$34,190,000|
|November 22, 1965||Muhammad Ali vs. Floyd Patterson||500,000||$4,000,000||$31,800,000|
|November 14, 1966||Muhammad Ali vs. Cleveland Williams||500,000||$3,750,000||$29,810,000|
|February 6, 1967||Muhammad Ali vs. Ernie Terrell||800,000||$4,000,000||$30,890,000|
|October 26, 1970||Muhammad Ali vs. Jerry Quarry||630,000||$3,500,000||$22,580,000|
|March 8, 1971||Muhammad Ali vs. Joe Frazier||2,500,000||$45,000,000||$278,000,000|
|October 30, 1974||Muhammad Ali vs. George Foreman||3,000,000||$60,000,000||$300,000,000|
|October 1, 1975||Muhammad Ali vs. Joe Frazier III||3,000,000||$60,000,000||$300,000,000|
|September 27, 1976||Muhammad Ali vs. Ken Norton III||1,500,000||$30,000,000||$130,000,000|
|Jun 20, 1980||Roberto Durán vs. Sugar Ray Leonard||1,500,000||$22,000,000||$66,900,000|
|June 11, 1982||Larry Holmes vs. Gerry Cooney||2,000,000||$20,000,000||$51,920,000|
|April 15, 1985||Marvin Hagler vs. Thomas Hearns||700,000||$10,500,000||$24,460,000|
|April 6, 1987||Sugar Ray Leonard vs. Marvin Hagler||3,000,000||$40,000,000||$88,210,000|
|June 27, 1988||Mike Tyson vs. Michael Spinks||800,000||$32,000,000||$67,790,000|
|June 28, 1997||Evander Holyfield vs. Mike Tyson II||120,000||$9,000,000||$14,050,000|
|May 5, 2007||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Floyd Mayweather Jr.||50,000||$2,750,000||$3,320,000|
|May 2, 2015||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Manny Pacquiao||173,000||$25,900,000||$27,380,000|
|June 20, 1960||Floyd Patterson vs. Ingemar Johansson II||Patterson wins by KO in round 5||TelePrompTer||25,000|
|March 13, 1961||Floyd Patterson vs. Ingemar Johansson III||Patterson wins by KO in round 6||TelePrompTer||100,000|
|September 25, 1962||Floyd Patterson vs. Sonny Liston||Liston wins by KO in round 1||TelePrompTer||100,000|
|February 25, 1964||Muhammad Ali vs. Sonny Liston||Ali wins by RTD in round 6||WHCT||250,000|
|Oct 1, 1975||Muhammad Ali vs. Joe Frazier III||Ali wins by TKO in round 14||HBO||500,000|
|Jun 20, 1980||Roberto Durán vs. Sugar Ray Leonard||Durán wins by UD (145-144, 148-147, 146-144)||HBO||155,000|
|Sep 16, 1981||Sugar Ray Leonard vs. Thomas Hearns||Leonard wins by TKO in round 14||HBO||583,200|
|Apr 15, 1985||Marvin Hagler vs. Thomas Hearns||Hagler wins by TKO in round 3||HBO||100,000|
|Apr 6, 1987||Sugar Ray Leonard vs. Marvin Hagler||Leonard wins by SD (118-110, 113-115, 115-113)||HBO||150,000|
|Jun 27, 1988||Mike Tyson vs. Michael Spinks||Tyson wins by KO in round 1||HBO||700,000|
|Oct 25, 1990||Buster Douglas vs. Evander Holyfield||Holyfield wins by KO in round 3||Showtime||1,000,000|
|March 18, 1991||Mike Tyson vs. Donovan Ruddock||Tyson wins by TKO in round 7||Showtime||960,000|
|Apr 19, 1991||Evander Holyfield vs. George Foreman||Holyfield wins by UD (116–111, 117–110, 115–112)||HBO||1,400,000|
|Jun 28, 1991||Mike Tyson vs. Donovan Ruddock II||Tyson wins by UD (113–109, 114–108, 114–108)||Showtime||1,250,000|
|Oct 18, 1991||Ray Mercer vs. Tommy Morrison||Mercer wins by KO in round 5||HBO||200,000|
|Jun 19, 1992||Evander Holyfield vs. Larry Holmes||Holyfield wins by UD (117–111, 116–112, 116–112)||HBO||730,000|
|Nov 13, 1992||Evander Holyfield vs. Riddick Bowe||Bowe wins by UD (117–110, 117–110, 115–112)||HBO||900,000|
|Jun 7, 1993||George Foreman vs. Tommy Morrison||Morrison wins by UD (117–110, 117–110, 118–108)||HBO||600,000|
|Nov 6, 1993||Riddick Bowe vs. Evander Holyfield II||Holyfield wins by MD (115–113, 115–114, 114–114)||HBO||950,000|
|Nov 18, 1994||James Toney vs. Roy Jones Jr.||Jones Jr. wins by UD (119–108, 118–109, 117–110)||HBO||300,000|
|May 6, 1995||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Rafael Ruelas||De La Hoya wins by TKO in round 2||HBO||330,000|
|Aug 19, 1995||Mike Tyson vs. Peter McNeeley||Tyson wins by DQ in round 1||Showtime||1,600,000|
|Nov 4, 1995||Riddick Bowe vs. Evander Holyfield III||Bowe wins by TKO in round 8||HBO||650,000|
|Mar 16, 1996||Frank Bruno vs. Mike Tyson II||Tyson wins by TKO in round 3||Showtime||1,400,000|
|Sep 7, 1996||Mike Tyson vs. Bruce Seldon||Tyson wins by TKO in round 1||Showtime||1,150,000|
|Nov 9, 1996||Mike Tyson vs. Evander Holyfield||Holyfield wins by TKO in round 11||Showtime||1,600,000|
|Apr 12, 1997||Pernell Whitaker vs. Oscar De La Hoya||De La Hoya wins by UD (115–111, 116–110, 116–110)||HBO||720,000|
|Jun 28, 1997||Mike Tyson vs. Evander Holyfield II||Holyfield wins by DQ in round 3||Showtime||1,990,000|
|Sep 13, 1997||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Héctor Camacho||De La Hoya wins by UD (120–106, 120–105, 118–108)||HBO||560,000|
|Oct 4, 1997||Lennox Lewis vs. Andrew Golota||Lewis wins by KO in round 1||HBO||300,000|
|Nov 8, 1997||Evander Holyfield vs. Michael Moorer II||Holyfield wins by RTD in round 8||Showtime||550,000|
|Jan 16, 1999||Mike Tyson vs. Francois Botha||Tyson wins by KO in round 5||Showtime||750,000|
|Mar 13, 1999||Evander Holyfield vs. Lennox Lewis||Split draw (116–113, 113–115, 115–115)||HBO||1,200,000|
|Sep 18, 1999||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Félix Trinidad||Trinidad wins by MD (115–113, 115–114, 114–114)||HBO||1,400,000|
|Nov 13, 1999||Evander Holyfield vs. Lennox Lewis II||Lewis wins by UD (116–112, 117–111, 115–113)||HBO||850,000|
|Apr 29, 2000||Lennox Lewis vs. Michael Grant||Lewis wins by KO in round 2||HBO||340,000|
|Jun 17, 2000||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Shane Mosley||Mosley wins by SD (116–112, 115–113, 113–115)||HBO||590,000|
|Sep 9, 2000||Roy Jones Jr. vs. Eric Harding||Jones Jr. wins by RTD in round 10||HBO||125,000|
|Oct 20, 2000||Mike Tyson vs. Andrew Golota||Tyson wins by TKO in round 3 (later changed to an NC)||Showtime||450,000|
|Nov 11, 2000||Lennox Lewis vs. David Tua||Lewis wins by UD (119–109, 118–110, 117–111)||HBO||420,000|
|Mar 3, 2001||Evander Holyfield vs. John Ruiz II||Ruiz wins by UD (116–110, 115–111, 114–111)||Showtime||185,000|
|Apr 7, 2001||Naseem Hamed vs. Marco Antonio Barrera||Barrera wins by UD (116–111, 115–112, 115–112)||HBO||310,000|
|Nov 17, 2001||Hasim Rahman vs. Lennox Lewis II||Lewis wins by KO in round 4||HBO||460,000|
|Jun 8, 2002||Lennox Lewis vs. Mike Tyson||Lewis wins by KO in round 8||HBO/Showtime||1,970,000|
|Sep 14, 2002||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Fernando Vargas||De La Hoya wins by TKO in round 11||HBO||935,000|
|Feb 22, 2003||Mike Tyson vs. Clifford Etienne||Tyson wins by KO in round 1||Showtime||100,000|
|Mar 1, 2003||John Ruiz vs. Roy Jones Jr.||Jones Jr. wins by UD (118–110, 117–111, 116–112)||HBO||525,000|
|Sep 13, 2003||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Shane Mosley II||Mosley wins by UD (113–115, 113–115, 113–115)||HBO||950,000|
|Oct 4, 2003||James Toney vs. Evander Holyfield||Toney wins by TKO in round 9||Showtime||150,000|
|Nov 8, 2003||Antonio Tarver vs. Roy Jones Jr.||Jones Jr. wins by MD (117–111, 116–112, 114–114)||HBO||302,000|
|May 15, 2004||Roy Jones Jr. vs. Antonio Tarver II||Tarver wins by KO in round 2||HBO||360,000|
|Sep 18, 2004||Bernard Hopkins vs. Oscar De La Hoya||Hopkins wins by KO in round 9||HBO||1,000,000|
|Dec 11, 2004||Vitali Klitschko vs. Danny Williams||Klitschko wins by TKO in round 8||HBO||120,000|
|Mar 19, 2005||Érik Morales vs. Manny Pacquiao||Morales wins by UD (115–113, 115–113, 115–113)||HBO||345,000|
|Jun 11, 2005||Mike Tyson vs. Kevin McBride||McBride wins by TKO in round 7||Showtime||250,000|
|Jun 25, 2005||Arturo Gatti vs. Floyd Mayweather Jr.||Mayweather Jr. wins by RTD in round 6||HBO||340,000|
|Oct 1, 2005||Antonio Tarver vs. Roy Jones Jr. III||Tarver wins by UD (117–111, 116–112, 116–112)||HBO||405,000|
|Jan 21, 2006||Manny Pacquiao vs Érik Morales II||Pacquiao wins by TKO in round 10||HBO||360,000|
|Apr 8, 2006||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Zab Judah||Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (116–112, 117–111, 119–109)||HBO||375,000|
|May 6, 2006||Ricardo Mayorga vs. Oscar De La Hoya||De La Hoya wins by TKO in round 6||HBO||925,000|
|May 6, 2006||Manny Pacquiao vs. Óscar Larios||Pacquiao wins by UD (117–110, 118–108, 120–106)||Top Rank||120,000|
|Aug 12, 2006||Hasim Rahman vs. Oleg Maskaev II||Maskaev wins by TKO in round 12||HBO||60,000|
|Nov 4, 2006||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Carlos Baldomir||Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (120–108, 120–108, 118–110)||HBO||325,000|
|Nov 18, 2006||Manny Pacquiao vs Érik Morales III||Pacquiao wins by KO in round 3||HBO||350,000|
|Apr 14, 2007||Manny Pacquiao vs Jorge Solís||Pacquiao wins by KO in round 8||Top Rank||150,000|
|May 5, 2007||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Floyd Mayweather Jr.||Mayweather Jr. wins by SD (116–112, 115–113, 113–115)||HBO||2,400,000|
|Oct 10, 2007||Manny Pacquiao vs. Marco Antonio Barrera II||Pacquiao wins by UD (118–109, 118–109, 115–112)||HBO||350,000|
|Dec 8, 2007||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Ricky Hatton||Mayweather Jr. wins by TKO in round 10||HBO||920,000|
|Mar 15, 2008||Manny Pacquiao vs. Juan Manuel Márquez II||Pacquiao wins by SD (115–112, 114–113, 112–115)||HBO||400,000|
|Jun 28, 2008||David Díaz vs. Manny Pacquiao||Pacquiao wins by TKO in round 9||HBO||206,000|
|Nov 8, 2008||Joe Calzaghe vs. Roy Jones Jr.||Calzaghe wins by UD (118–109, 118–109, 118–109)||HBO||225,000|
|Dec 6, 2008||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Manny Pacquiao||Pacquiao wins by RTD in round 8||HBO||1,250,000|
|May 2, 2009||Manny Pacquiao vs. Ricky Hatton||Pacquiao wins by KO in round 2||HBO||850,000|
|Sep 19, 2009||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Juan Manuel Márquez||Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (120–107, 119–108, 118–109)||HBO||1,060,000|
|Nov 14, 2009||Manny Pacquiao vs. Miguel Cotto||Pacquiao wins by TKO in round 12||HBO||1,250,000|
|Mar 13, 2010||Manny Pacquiao vs. Joshua Clottey||Pacquiao wins by UD (119–109, 119–109, 120–108)||HBO||700,000|
|Apr 3, 2010||Bernard Hopkins vs. Roy Jones Jr. II||Hopkins win by UD (118–109, 117–110, 117–110)||HBO||150,000|
|May 1, 2010||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Shane Mosley||Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (119–109, 118–110, 119–109)||HBO||1,400,000|
|Nov 13, 2010||Manny Pacquiao vs. Antonio Margarito||Pacquiao wins by UD (120–108, 118–110, 119–109)||HBO||1,150,000|
|May 7, 2011||Manny Pacquiao vs. Shane Mosley||Pacquiao wins by UD (119–108, 120–108, 120–107)||Showtime||1,340,000|
|Sep 17, 2011||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs Victor Ortiz||Mayweather Jr. wins by KO in round 4||HBO||1,250,000|
|Nov 13, 2011||Manny Pacquiao vs. Juan Manuel Márquez III||Pacquiao wins by MD (115–113, 114–114, 116–112)||HBO||1,400,000|
|Dec 3, 2011||Miguel Cotto vs. Antonio Margarito II||Cotto wins by RTD in round 9||HBO||600,000|
|May 5, 2012||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Miguel Cotto||Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (117–111, 117–111, 118–110)||HBO||1,500,000|
|Jun 9, 2012||Manny Pacquiao vs. Timothy Bradley||Bradley wins by SD (115–113, 115–113, 115–113)||HBO||890,000|
|Sep 15, 2012||Sergio Martínez vs. Julio César Chávez Jr.||Martínez wins by UD (118–109, 118–109, 117–110)||HBO||475,000|
|Dec 8, 2012||Manny Pacquiao vs. Juan Manuel Márquez IV||Márquez wins by KO in round 6||HBO||1,150,000|
|May 4, 2013||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Robert Guerrero||Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (117–111, 117–111, 117–111)||Showtime||1,000,000|
|Sep 14, 2013||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Canelo Álvarez||Mayweather Jr. wins by MD (117–111, 116–112, 114–114)||Showtime||2,200,000|
|Oct 12, 2013||Timothy Bradley vs. Juan Manuel Márquez||Bradley wins by SD (115–113, 116–112, 113–115)||HBO||375,000|
|Nov 24, 2013||Manny Pacquiao vs. Brandon Ríos||Pacquiao wins by UD (119–109, 120–108, 118–110)||HBO||475,000|
|Mar 8, 2014||Canelo Álvarez vs. Alfredo Angulo||Álvarez wins by TKO in Round 10||Showtime||350,000|
|Apr 12, 2014||Manny Pacquiao vs. Timothy Bradley II||Pacquiao wins by UD (116–112, 116–112, 118–110)||HBO||800,000|
|May 3, 2014||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Marcos Maidana||Mayweather Jr. wins by MD (114–114, 117–111, 116–112)||Showtime||900,000|
|Jun 7, 2014||Miguel Cotto vs. Sergio Martínez||Cotto wins by RTD in round 10||HBO||315,000|
|Jul 12, 2014||Canelo Álvarez vs. Erislandy Lara||Álvarez wins by SD (115–113, 117–111, 113–115)||Showtime||300,000|
|Sep 13, 2014||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Marcos Maidana II||Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (116–111, 116–111, 115–112)||Showtime||925,000|
|Nov 23, 2014||Manny Pacquiao vs. Chris Algieri||Pacquiao wins by UD (119–103, 119–103, 120–102)||HBO||400,000|
|May 2, 2015||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Manny Pacquiao||Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (116–112, 116–112, 118–110)||HBO/Showtime||4,600,000|
|Sep 12, 2015||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Andre Berto||Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (120–108, 118–110, 117–111)||Showtime||400,000|
|Oct 17, 2015||Gennady Golovkin vs. David Lemieux||Golovkin wins via TKO in round 8||HBO||150,000|
|Nov 21, 2015||Miguel Cotto vs. Canelo Álvarez||Álvarez wins by UD (117–111, 119–109, 118–110)||HBO||900,000|
|Apr 9, 2016||Manny Pacquiao vs. Timothy Bradley III||Pacquiao wins by UD (116–110, 116–110, 116–110)||HBO||400,000|
|May 7, 2016||Canelo Álvarez vs. Amir Khan||Álvarez wins by KO in round 6||HBO||600,000|
|July 23, 2016||Terence Crawford vs. Viktor Postol||Crawford wins by UD (118–107, 118–107, 117–108)||HBO||55,000|
|Sep 17, 2016||Canelo Álvarez vs. Liam Smith||Álvarez wins by TKO in round 9||HBO||300,000|
|Nov 5, 2016||Manny Pacquiao vs. Jessie Vargas||Pacquiao wins by UD (118–109, 118–109, 114–113)||Top Rank||300,000|
|Nov 19, 2016||Sergey Kovalev vs. Andre Ward||Ward wins by UD (114–113, 114–113, 114–113)||HBO||165,000|
|Mar 18, 2017||Gennady Golovkin vs. Daniel Jacobs||Golovkin wins by UD (115–112, 115–112, 114–113)||HBO||170,000|
|May 6, 2017||Canelo Álvarez vs. Julio César Chávez Jr.||Álvarez wins by UD (120–108, 120–108, 120–108)||HBO||1,000,000|
|Jun 17, 2017||Andre Ward vs. Sergey Kovalev II||Ward wins by TKO in round 8||HBO||130,000|
|Aug 26, 2017||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Conor McGregor||Mayweather Jr. wins by TKO in round 10||Showtime||4,300,000|
|Sep 16, 2017||Canelo Álvarez vs. Gennady Golovkin||Split draw (118–110, 115–113, 114–114)||HBO||1,300,000|
|Sep 15, 2018||Canelo Álvarez vs. Gennady Golovkin II||Álvarez wins by MD (115–113, 114–114, 115–113)||HBO||1,100,000|
|Dec 1, 2018||Deontay Wilder vs. Tyson Fury||Split draw (115–111, 113–113, 114–112)||Showtime||325,000|
|Jan 19, 2019||Manny Pacquiao vs. Adrien Broner||Pacquiao wins by UD (117–111, 116–112, 116–112)||Showtime||400,000|
|Mar 16, 2019||Errol Spence Jr. vs. Mikey Garcia||Spence Jr. wins by UD (120-107, 120-108, 120-108)||Fox|
Select boxing pay-per-view figures (mainly from Sky Box Office) between 1966 and 2018 - many of these figures are based on BARB weekly viewing data figures which estimate the number of viewers, not the number of buys.
|21 May 1966||Muhammad Ali vs. Henry Cooper II||Pay TV||40,000|||
|16 March 1996||Frank Bruno vs. Mike Tyson II||Sky Box Office||660,000|||
|9 November 1996||Naseem Hamed vs. Remigio Molina||Sky Box Office||420,000|||
|8 February 1997||Naseem Hamed vs. Tom Johnson||Sky Box Office||720,000|||
|3 May 1997||Naseem Hamed vs. Billy Hardy||Sky Box Office||348,000|||
|28 June 1997||Evander Holyfield vs. Mike Tyson II||Sky Box Office||550,000|||
|13 March 1999||Evander Holyfield vs. Lennox Lewis||Sky Box Office||400,000|||
|29 January 2000||Mike Tyson vs. Julius Francis||Sky Box Office||500,000|||
|19 August 2000||Naseem Hamed vs. Augie Sanchez||Sky Box Office||300,000|||
|8 June 2002||Lennox Lewis vs. Mike Tyson||Sky Box Office||750,000|||
|8 December 2007||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Ricky Hatton||Sky Box Office||1,150,000|||
|2 May 2009||Manny Pacquiao vs. Ricky Hatton||Sky Box Office||900,000|||
|18 July 2009||Amir Khan vs. Andreas Kotelnik||Sky Box Office||100,000|||
|7 November 2009||Nikolai Valuev vs. David Haye||Sky Box Office||469,000|||
|3 April 2010||David Haye vs. John Ruiz||Sky Box Office||177,000|||
|24 April 2010||Carl Froch vs. Mikkel Kessler||Primetime||50,000|||
|18 September 2010||Kell Brook vs. Michael Jennings||Sky Box Office||15,000|||
|13 November 2010||David Haye vs. Audley Harrison||Sky Box Office||223,000|||
|11 December 2010||Amir Khan vs. Marcos Maidana||Sky Box Office||164,000|||
|16 April 2011||Amir Khan vs. Paul McCloskey||Primetime||200,000|||
|21 May 2011||George Groves vs. James DeGale||Sky Box Office||43,000|||
|2 July 2011||Wladimir Klitschko vs. David Haye||Sky Box Office||1,143,000|||
|25 May 2013||Carl Froch vs. Mikkel Kessler II||Sky Box Office||32,000|||
|23 November 2013||Carl Froch vs. George Groves||Sky Box Office||47,000|||
|31 May 2014||Carl Froch vs. George Groves II||Sky Box Office||355,000|||
|30 May 2015||Kell Brook vs. Frankie Gavin||Sky Box Office||139,000|||
|2 May 2015||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Manny Pacquiao||Sky Box Office||1,000,000|||
|28 November 2015||Wladimir Klitschko vs. Tyson Fury||Sky Box Office||545,000|||
|12 December 2015||Anthony Joshua vs. Dillian Whyte||Sky Box Office||420,000|||
|27 February 2016||Carl Frampton vs. Scott Quigg||Sky Box Office||220,000|||
|9 April 2016||Anthony Joshua vs. Charles Martin||Sky Box Office||500,000|||
|25 June 2016||Anthony Joshua vs. Dominic Breazeale||Sky Box Office||512,000|||
|10 September 2016||Gennady Golovkin vs. Kell Brook||Sky Box Office||500,000|||
|10 December 2016||Anthony Joshua vs. Éric Molina||Sky Box Office||450,000|||
|4 February 2017||Chris Eubank Jr. vs. Renold Quinlan||ITV Box Office||86,000|||
|4 March 2017||David Haye vs. Tony Bellew||Sky Box Office||890,000|||
|29 April 2017||Anthony Joshua vs. Wladimir Klitschko||Sky Box Office||1,532,000|||
|27 May 2017||Kell Brook vs. Errol Spence Jr.||Sky Box Office||275,000|||
|26 August 2017||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Conor McGregor||Sky Box Office||874,000|||
|28 October 2017||Anthony Joshua vs. Carlos Takam||Sky Box Office||887,000|||
|31 March 2018||Anthony Joshua vs. Joseph Parker||Sky Box Office||1,457,000|||
|5 May 2018||David Haye vs. Tony Bellew II||Sky Box Office||775,000|||
|28 July 2018||Dillian Whyte vs. Joseph Parker||Sky Box Office||474,000|||
|22 September 2018||Anthony Joshua vs. Alexander Povetkin||Sky Box Office||1,113,000|||
|10 November 2018||Oleksandr Usyk vs. Tony Bellew||Sky Box Office||603,000|||
|22 December 2018||Dillian Whyte vs. Dereck Chisora II||Sky Box Office||438,000|||
The first pay-per-view mixed martial arts bout was Muhammad Ali vs. Antonio Inoki, which took place in Japan on June 26, 1976. It sold at least 2 million or more buys on closed-circuit theatre TV in the United States. At a ticket price of $10, the fight grossed at least $20 million (inflation-adjusted $90 million) or more from closed-circuit theatre TV revenue in the United States.
The highest buy rates for the UFC as of October 2018 are as follows:
Note: The UFC does not release official PPV statistics, and the following PPV numbers are as reported by industry insiders.
|1||Oct 6, 2018||UFC 229: Khabib vs. McGregor||2,400,000||$180 million|
|2||Aug 20, 2016||UFC 202: Diaz vs. McGregor 2||1,650,000||$90 million|
|3||Jul 11, 2009||UFC 100: Lesnar vs. Mir||1,600,000||$82 million|
|4||Mar 5, 2016||UFC 196: McGregor vs. Diaz||1,500,000||$80 million|
|5||Dec 12, 2015||UFC 194: Aldo vs. McGregor||1,400,000||$80 million|
|6||Nov 12, 2016||UFC 205: Alvarez vs. McGregor||1,300,000||$83 million|
|7||Jul 9, 2016||UFC 200: Tate vs. Nunes||1,200,000||$71 million|
|8||Jul 3, 2010||UFC 116: Lesnar vs. Carwin||1,160,000||$55 million|
|9||Nov 15, 2015||UFC 193: Rousey vs. Holm||1,100,000||$60 million|
|10||Dec 30, 2016||UFC 207: Nunes vs. Rousey||1,100,000||$60 million|
|11||Dec 30, 2006||UFC 66: Liddell vs. Ortiz 2||1,050,000||$53 million|
|12||May 29, 2010||UFC 114: Rampage vs. Evans||1,050,000||$51 million|
|13||Oct 23, 2010||UFC 121: Lesnar vs. Velasquez||1,050,000||$45 million|
|14||Dec 28, 2013||UFC 168: Weidman vs. Silva II||1,025,000||$57 million|
|15||Nov 15, 2008||UFC 91: Couture vs. Lesnar||1,010,000||$47 million|
|16||Dec 27, 2008||UFC 92: Evans vs. Griffins||1,000,000||$48 million|
|17||Mar 16, 2013||UFC 158: St-Pierre vs. Diaz||950,000|
|18||Jul 7, 2012||UFC 148: Silva vs. Sonnen II||925,000|
|19||Jan 31, 2009||UFC 94: St-Pierre vs. Penn 2||920,000|
|20||Aug 1, 2015||UFC 190: Rousey vs. Correia||900,000|
|21||Nov 4, 2017||UFC 217: Bisping vs. St-Pierre||875,000|
|22||Jul 29, 2017||UFC 214: Cormier vs. Jones 2||860,000|
|23||Aug 8, 2009||UFC 101: Declaration||850,000|
|24||Jul 11, 2015||UFC 189: Mendes vs. McGregor||825,000|
|25||Apr 30, 2011||UFC 129: St-Pierre vs. Shields||800,000|
|26||Jan 3, 2015||UFC 182: Jones vs. Cormier||800,000|
|27||Dec 11, 2010||UFC 124: St-Pierre vs. Koscheck 2||785,000|
|28||Dec 30, 2011||UFC 141: Lesnar vs. Overeem||780,000|
|29||Mar 27, 2010||UFC 111: St-Pierre vs. Hardy||770,000|
|1||Apr 1, 2012||WrestleMania XXVIII||1,300,000|
|2||Apr 1, 2007||WrestleMania 23||1,200,000|
|3||Apr 3, 2005||WrestleMania 21||1,085,000|
|4||Apr 3, 2011||WrestleMania XXVII||1,059,000|
|5||Mar 30, 2008||WrestleMania XXIV||1,058,000|
|6||Apr 7, 2013||WrestleMania 29||1,048,000|
|7||Apr 1, 2001||WrestleMania X-Seven||1,040,000|
|8||Mar 14, 2004||WrestleMania XX||1,007,000|
|9||Apr 2, 2006||WrestleMania 22||975,000|
|10||Apr 5, 2009||WrestleMania XXV||960,000|
|11||Mar 28, 2010||WrestleMania XXVI||885,000|
|12||Mar 17, 2002||WrestleMania X8||880,000|
|13||Apr 2, 2000||WrestleMania 2000||824,000|
|14||Mar 28, 1999||WrestleMania XV||800,000|
|15||Jul 22, 2001||WWF Invasion||770,000|
|16||Apr 2, 1989||WrestleMania V||767,000|
|17||Mar 24, 1991||WrestleMania VII||764,000|
This tables lists the sportsmen who have had the highest pay-per-view sales. It includes sportsmen who have participated in combat sports such as boxing and mixed martial arts as well as sports entertainment such as professional wrestling.
|Sportsman||Total sales||Closed-circuit theatre TV||PPV home television||Years||Sport(s)|
|Muhammad Ali||162,944,000||162,154,000[b]||790,000[b]||1963–1985||Professional boxing|
|Mixed martial arts|
|Joe Frazier||100,500,000||100,000,000||500,000||1965–1981||Professional boxing|
|Floyd Mayweather Jr.||29,090,000||223,000||28,867,000[c]||2005–2017||Professional boxing|
|Triple H||20,329,000||N/A||20,329,000[d]||1995–2018||Professional wrestling|
|Manny Pacquiao||19,814,000||173,000||19,641,000[e]||2005–2019||Professional boxing|
|Mike Tyson||17,640,000||920,000[f]||16,720,000[f]||1988–2005||Professional boxing|
|John Cena||15,389,000||N/A||15,389,000[d]||2002–2018||Professional wrestling|
|The Rock||14,859,000||N/A||14,859,000[g]||1998–2013||Professional wrestling|
|Oscar De La Hoya||14,140,000||50,000||14,090,000[h]||1995–2008||Professional boxing|
|Conor McGregor||13,675,000||N/A||13,675,000[i]||2008–2018||Mixed martial arts|
|Evander Holyfield||12,720,000||120,000||12,600,000||1984–2003||Professional boxing|
|Shawn Michaels||10,160,000||N/A||10,160,000[d]||1988–2010||Professional wrestling|
Teleprompter's main-spring, Irving B. Kahn (he's chairman of the board and president), had a taste of closed circuit operations as early as 1948. That summer, Kahn, then a vice president of 20th Century-Fox, negotiated what was probably the first inter-city closed circuit telecast in history, a pickup of the Joe Louis-Joe Walcott fight.
Noting that many in the arts community have rested their hopes on pay cable, Mr. Jencks recalled that during a pay-TV experiment over WHCT(TV) Hartford, Conn., 96% of all viewing time was devoted to motion pictures and sports events. A single boxing match between Sonny Liston and Muhammad Ali, Mr. Jencks said, attracted nearly four times as many subscribers as the cumulative total of all 50 "educational features" offered by WHCT over a two-year period.
:0was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
No, if the Ali-Foreman story is just going to be about Race and Religion, forget the millions of dollars this fight can make, forget the shot in the arm this championship bout will give to boxing, forget gigundo grosses from the documentary movies of the fight, the training camps and that three-day black music festival in Zaire, forget that possible total of $100 million in revenues
Soit, pour Don King et ses amis, c'est la fin de leurs dépenses d'énergie pour trouver de l'argent nécessaire pour le coup le plus formidable jamais réalisé dans le show-boxing business et il prévoit une recette pouvant aller de 35 à 100 millions de dollars.
Average BSkyB [...] 1996 [...] 5m [...] 1997 [...] 5.8m [...] UK-based boxing promoter, Frank Warren in June 1997 described championship boxing as: the most honest form of TV [...] Our first match (Bruno v Tyson) created a 14 per cent buy-rate (660 000 subs) even at 5 a.m. 'Judgement Night' got 420 000 subs (9 per cent). The 'Night of Champions' 720,000 buys or 15.5 per cent and the 'Brit Pack' on May 3  achieved a 6 per cent buy rate
TYSON TKOs BRUNO in 5th round on Mar. 16. Revenues $98 million.
A crowd of 31,892, who paid $824,814 and a closed-circuit TV audience of 500,000
Tyson's lowest buy rate was in his first fight with Donovan (Razor) Ruddock, which registered 960,000 buys.
An estimated 420,000 ppv customers watched the event, bringing BSkyB's 50 per cent share in the revenue to more than £25 million. 'Judgement Night' augured a new experience for fans of boxing, packaged and glossily delivered by television. [...] In the run-up to 'Judgement Night' Evans argued that Hamed thrived on the adrenaline rush of 'putting on a show' as much as he appeared to relish 'the pleasurable anticipation' of knocking out his opponent.
Probably the dullest event in sports history, it was watched by millions over closed-circuit television as well as by suckers in Tokyo who forked over $1,000 per ringside seat.
That buy rate was still 196,000 more than the biggest Wrestlemania event ever, the March 1991 Wrestlemania VII, which produced 764,000 buys.
The highest buy rate for a Wrestlemania event came during the March 1991 Wrestlemania VII, which produced 764,000 buys.
All Elite Wrestling, LLC (AEW) is an American professional wrestling promotion founded in 2019. Its inception was announced by entrepreneurs Shahid Khan and his son Tony, with the former acting as the promotion's lead investor, while the latter serves as president and CEO of the company. Professional wrestlers Cody as well as Matt and Nick Jackson, collectively known as The Elite, are the promotion's inaugural contracted talents. The three are serving as both in-ring performers and executive vice presidents alongside fellow professional wrestler and co-founder of The Elite Kenny Omega, whose signing was announced in February 2019.Collision in Korea
Collision in Korea, officially known as the Pyongyang International Sports and Culture Festival for Peace (平和のための平壌国際体育・文化祝典, Heiwa no tame no Pyon'yan kokusai taiiku bunka shukuten), was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event jointly produced by New Japan Pro-Wrestling (NJPW) and World Championship Wrestling (WCW). It took place over a period of two days on April 28 and 29, 1995 at May Day Stadium in Pyongyang, North Korea. It aired in North America on August 4, 1995, when WCW broadcast a selection of matches from the show on pay-per-view.
The event was the first PPV from a North American wrestling promotion to be held in North Korea, and holds the current record for the largest combined attendance for a wrestling event, with a claimed crowd of 165,000 and 190,000 for the first and second day respectively. American wrestling journalist Dave Meltzer reported different attendance numbers of 150,000 and 165,000 respectively.NJPW's Hidekazu Tanaka was the ring announcer for the show, while Masao Tayama and Tiger Hattori refereed the matches. Commentary for the WCW pay-per-view presentation of the event was provided by Eric Bischoff, Mike Tenay and Kazuo Ishikawa.
It is one of the few WCW pay-per-view events not made available for streaming on the WWE Network service.Death Before Dishonor VIII
Death Before Dishonor VIII (DBD VIII) was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by Ring of Honor (ROH), which was only available online. This marked the 8th event entitled Death Before Dishonor, with this being the event's first time on pay per view. It took place on June 19, 2010 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.December to Dismember (2006)
December to Dismember (2006) was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE), which took place on December 3, 2006, at the James Brown Arena in Augusta, Georgia. Professional wrestling is a type of sports entertainment in which theatrical events are combined with a competitive sport. The buildup to the matches and the scenarios that took place before, during, and after the event, were planned by WWE's script writers. The event starred wrestlers from the ECW brand: storyline expansions of the promotion where employees are assigned to wrestling brands under the WWE banner. Despite it being an ECW brand pay-per-view, wrestlers from the Raw and SmackDown! brands also worked on the pay-per-view. Its name was derived from the December to Dismember event held by the original Extreme Championship Wrestling in 1995.
The main attraction on the event card was an Extreme Elimination Chamber match for the ECW World Championship. It featured wrestlers fighting in a ring surrounded by a steel structure of chain and girders. The six participants were defending champion Big Show, Bobby Lashley, Rob Van Dam, Hardcore Holly, CM Punk and Test. Lashley won the match and the ECW World Championship after pinning Big Show following a spear. The featured bout on the undercard was a tag team bout between The Hardys (real-life brothers Matt and Jeff) and MNM (Joey Mercury and Johnny Nitro), in which The Hardys were victorious.The event had an attendance of 4,800 and received about 90,000 pay-per-view buys, with 55,000 of them domestic buys—the lowest buyrate in WWE history until the introduction of the WWE Network in 2014. Although it was scheduled to be held again in 2007, the show was canceled after all pay-per-view events became tri-branded, which meant that there would be pay-per-view events with the entire roster on two consecutive weeks.Destination X (2010)
Destination X (2010) was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by the Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) promotion, which took place on March 21, 2010 at the TNA Impact! Zone in Orlando, Florida. The event was originally advertised as an all X Division pay-per-view. It was the sixth event under the Destination X chronology and the third event of the 2010 TNA PPV schedule.
In October 2017, with the launch of the Global Wrestling Network, the event became available to stream on demand.Final Resolution (2009)
Final Resolution (2009) was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by the Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) promotion, which took place on December 20, 2009 at the TNA Impact! Zone in Orlando, Florida. It was the sixth event under the Final Resolution chronology & the last TNA pay-per-view to use a six-sided ring until Destination X 2011.
In October 2017, with the launch of the Global Wrestling Network, the event became available to stream on demand.KSI vs Logan Paul
KSI vs Logan Paul is a two-part white-collar amateur boxing match between two YouTubers, KSI and Logan Paul, who are British and American, respectively. The first of the two parts was held on 25 August 2018 at 8:30 PM BST in the Manchester Arena, Manchester, England, and was streamed on YouTube's pay-per-view platform. The fight has been labelled "The Biggest Internet Event in History" and "The Biggest White Collar Boxing Match Ever".The fight ended in a majority draw, with two judges scoring it 57–57 and the other 58–57 in favour of KSI. The second fight was reportedly set to take place in May 2019 in an undetermined United States venue, provided neither KSI nor Logan Paul opt out. However, due to complications, this is no longer possible. KSI has requested for the second fight to take place in November 2019.List of Impact Wrestling pay-per-view events
This is a list of live pay-per-view events promoted by Impact Wrestling (formerly known as Total Nonstop Action Wrestling). This list only includes the three-hour, live professional wrestling events held on Sundays that were built up to by Impact Wrestling, predominantly with its weekly television program of the same name. Impact Wrestling first began producing these events in 2004 under the TNA name and held them monthly until January 2013, when they switched to a schedule with four events per year. Initially, all events were held at the Impact Zone, later changed to have several events a year being held elsewhere. The major and most heavily promoted events are Bound for Glory, Slammiversary and Lockdown. These events are also a major revenue source for the promotion.List of NWA/WCW closed-circuit events and pay-per-view events
This is a list of all closed-circuit television and pay-per-view events held by World Championship Wrestling (WCW) and its predecessor Jim Crockett Promotions (JCP). From 1983–1987 the events aired live on closed-circuit TV under the National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) banner. Beginning in 1987, the events started airing live on pay-per-view TV while still under the NWA banner. In November 1988 Jim Crockett Promotions sold its assets to Turner Broadcasting System, which used them to rebrand the company as World Championship Wrestling. Beginning in 1991 and lasting until 2001, the pay-per-view events were promoted under the WCW banner. In 1998 and early 1999, PPV events were promoted using the WCW/nWo brand.
In 2001, the World Wrestling Federation, now known as WWE, purchased the assets of WCW, including the video libraries of all previous NWA and WCW pay-per-views, and the ownership rights of the names of these events. To date WWE has only promoted one pay-per-view event using the name of a former WCW PPV, The Great American Bash, from 2004 until 2009. In 2012, it was rebooted as a live SmackDown special. In 2017, WWE revived the Starrcade name for a non-televised house show.
Beginning in 2014, nearly all NWA and WCW pay-per-view events were made available on the WWE Network.List of WWE Network events
The following is a list of WWE Network events, detailing all professional wrestling cards promoted on the WWE Network by WWE. For lists of all non in-ring programming, see WWE Network programming.
WWE has been broadcasting pay-per-view events since the 1980s, when its classic "Big Four" events (Royal Rumble, WrestleMania, SummerSlam, and Survivor Series) were first established. However, the company's pay-per-view business began to drastically change with the launch of the WWE Network on February 24, 2014. While most of the WWE events still air in many parts of the world on traditional pay-per-view channels, WWE's focus has shifted away from delivering their events on pay-per-view channels. Their main focus now is delivering all of the events on the WWE Network, including some that are exclusively on the Network. WWE has pushed the Network's launching price of $9.99 USD as a way to lure potential customers away from traditional pay-per-view which, on average, costs five to six times as much (in the United States) as the Network. The WWE Network also features the back catalog of WWE, WCW, and ECW pay-per-view events, as well as all WWE Network events from NXT Arrival onwards in their on-demand section. All WWE Network events that have aired since the launch of the Network have been broadcast in high-definition.Currently WWE events are typically 4 hours in length. WrestleMania events are approximately 5 hours in length. WWE airs a pre-show before each Network event known as Kickoff. Each Kickoff includes matches, interviews, and a panel of experts previewing the upcoming line-up. The Kickoff pre-show began as a 30-minute show before expanding to 1 hour, beginning with Night of Champions in September 2014. The "Big Four" Kickoff shows are the longest, at 2 hours. WWE occasionally airs a post-show after some Network events. Originally known as Fallout, and later known as Raw Talk and Talking Smack during the brand-only events, each post-show includes interviews and a panel of experts analyzing the event. The post-shows vary in length.The NXT TakeOver events began at 2 hours in length before expanding to 2 and a 1/2 hours, beginning with TakeOver: Brooklyn in 2015. TakeOver: New Orleans was the longest at 3 hours. Each TakeOver pre-show includes interviews and a panel of experts previewing the upcoming line-up. The TakeOver pre-shows are typically 30-minutes in length while some have been 1 hour, beginning with TakeOver: San Antonio in 2017. WWE also occasionally aired a post-show after TakeOver events known as TakeOver Fallout. Each TakeOver Fallout included interviews and a panel of experts analyzing the event. The Fallout post-shows varied in length.List of WWE pay-per-view events
This is a list of WWE pay-per-view events, detailing all professional wrestling cards promoted on pay-per-view (PPV) by WWE.
WWE has broadcast pay-per-views since the 1980s, when its classic "Big Four" events (Royal Rumble, WrestleMania, SummerSlam, and Survivor Series) were first established. The company's PPV lineup expanded to a monthly basis in the mid-1990s and reached its peak of sixteen shows a year in 2006 before returning to twelve in 2012. Following the second brand extension in July 2016, the number of shows per year were expanded once again to 16. Pay-per-view shows are typically three hours in length, though budget priced events (e.g., In Your House) were shorter, while premium events such as WrestleMania can approach five hours. Since 2008, all WWE pay-per-views have been broadcast in high definition. Pay-per-view events are a significant part of the revenue stream for WWE.WWE pay-per-views are made available in the United States by In Demand. In Canada, WWE pay-per-views are available through (depending on service provider) Vu!, Shaw PPV, or SaskTel PPV, and can be seen in movie theatres in HD through selected locations of the Cineplex Entertainment chain. In Australia, WWE's pay-per-views are shown on Main Event. In the United Kingdom and Ireland, some pay-per-views are shown on Sky Sports 1 & 3 and others on Sky Sports Box Office. In India and South Asia, a single broadcaster (currently Sony TEN) generally holds the rights to all WWE programming, including pay-per-views, and they are broadcast for no additional charge. Aside from its standard monthly schedule, WWE produced additional international pay-per-views between 1997 and 2003. These events were not available in the United States and coincided with overseas tours in the United Kingdom.
Following WWE's original brand extension in 2002, the company promoted two touring rosters representing its Raw and SmackDown television programs. Aside from Insurrextion (Raw) and Rebellion (SmackDown!), all WWE pay-per-views featured both brands until June 2003. The traditional "Big Four" continued to showcase the entire roster, while the remaining pay-per-views alternated between Raw and SmackDown cards. A special ECW event in 2005 led to the creation of an ECW brand in 2006, which also received its own dedicated pay-per-view. Additional brand-exclusive events were added to the schedule, which reached its peak in 2006 with sixteen pay-per-view events (five Raw, five SmackDown, two ECW, and the original "Big Four"). In March 2007, WWE announced that all subsequent pay-per-views would feature performers from all brands. Dates were slowly removed from the pay-per-view schedule and in 2012, WWE returned to holding twelve pay-per-views a year. However, since the second brand extension in July 2016, brand-exclusive pay-per-views returned with only the "Big Four" as the only pay-per-views to feature both Raw and SmackDown brands, and some months have two pay-per-views, one for each show. Just like the previous brand extension, brand exclusive pay-per-views ended after WrestleMania 34.In 2009, WWE began to rename several of its "B"-show pay-per-views, identifying them with types of matches such as the Money in the Bank ladder match and the Hell in a Cell cage match. Since 2012, WWE has offered a free kickoff/pre-show before each pay-per-view, available on WWE.com and from social media partners such as YouTube and Facebook. The WWE Network, launched on February 24, 2014, features an extensive back catalog of WWE pay-per-view events, as well as all future pay-per-views streamed live from WrestleMania XXX onwards. The WWE Network also included non-PPV events, The Big Event and 1988 Royal Rumble, in their pay-per-view section.In recent years, WWE pay-per-views are mainly held in top-drawing arenas, such as the Enterprise Center in St. Louis, Missouri, the Allstate Arena in Rosemont, Illinois, the Staples Center in Los Angeles, the TD Garden in Boston, the Barclays Center in Brooklyn, New York, the Wells Fargo Center in Philadelphia, and the Toyota Center in Houston.WWE Battleground
WWE Battleground was a professional wrestling event produced by the WWE, a Connecticut–based promotion, and broadcast live and available through pay-per-view (PPV) and the WWE Network. The event was established in 2013, debuting in October on WWE's pay-per-view calendar. In 2014, the event moved to the July slot of WWE's pay-per-view calendar. In 2016, the event is regarded as the last PPV event featuring both superstars from Raw and SmackDown, before the newly reinstated WWE brand extension went into full effect.
With the brand extension reinstated in 2016, the pay-per-view in 2017 was a SmackDown branded event. The event was expected to return in 2018, as a Raw branded event. However, the event was taken off WWE's PPV lineup as all events after WrestleMania 34 became dual-branded.WWE Cyber Sunday
Cyber Sunday was an annual professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE). From 2004 to 2005, the event was known as Taboo Tuesday and was exclusive to the Raw brand.
During the event's "Taboo Tuesday" years, it was the first regularly-scheduled pay-per-view held by the company on a Tuesday since 1991's This Tuesday in Texas, the first regularly-scheduled non-Sunday pay-per-view since the 1994 Survivor Series, and the first non-Sunday pay-per-view of any kind since In Your House 8: Beware of Dog 2 in 1996. The inaugural event was held in October, and the 2005 event was pushed back to early November. By 2006 the show was moved to a more traditional Sunday night slot—alleviating problems with the taping schedule of SmackDown! (usually held on Tuesdays)—and renamed Cyber Sunday.
The most distinctive feature of Cyber Sunday was the ability for fans to vote on certain aspects of every match. The voting typically began in the middle of an episode of Raw a few weeks beforehand and ended during the pay-per-view, often moments before the match was slated to begin. Because of this, Cyber Sunday was billed as an "interactive pay-per-view". For the first four events, voting was made online through WWE.com, with the official tag line for the PPV being "Log On. Take Over." In 2008 however, this was replaced by votes through text messaging but this was only available to United States mobile carriers. However, the match between The Undertaker and The Big Show was made universal, as fans were allowed to vote for the match stipulation on WWE.com.
In 2009, the event's Pay-Per-View slot was replaced by Bragging Rights. However, the fan interaction aspects of the pay-per-view have since been incorporated into Raw as WWEActive (originally RawActive) for most Raw episodes.WWE Evolution
WWE Evolution was a women's professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event and WWE Network event, produced by WWE for their Raw, SmackDown, NXT, and NXT UK brands. It took place on October 28, 2018, at the Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum, in Uniondale, New York. It was the first WWE pay-per-view to consist solely of women's matches.
The main card consisted of seven matches. Three of WWE's four women's championships were defended on the main card; the fourth was defended in a dark match before the show. It also featured the finals of the 2018 Mae Young Classic tournament. In the main event, Ronda Rousey defeated Nikki Bella by submission to retain the Raw Women's Championship. In the penultimate match, Becky Lynch defeated Charlotte Flair in a Last Woman Standing match to retain the SmackDown Women's Championship. In other prominent matches, Toni Storm defeated Io Shirai to win the 2018 Mae Young Classic, and Shayna Baszler defeated Kairi Sane to become the first two-time NXT Women's Champion.WWE Extreme Rules
WWE Extreme Rules is a professional wrestling event produced annually by WWE, a Connecticut-based promotion, and broadcast live and available only through pay-per-view (PPV) and the WWE Network. The name of the event stems from most matches being contested under hardcore wrestling regulations; the defunct Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) promotion originally used the term to describe the regulations for all of its matches. The event name was established in 2009; however, its theme began with its predecessor, One Night Stand, which was promoted in 2005 and 2006 as an ECW reunion show. In 2007, WWE promoted the show as one of its own regular pay-per-view events but kept the ECW concept of Extreme Rules matches. In 2009, WWE renamed the One Night Stand event to WWE Extreme Rules. The 2009 Extreme Rules event was noted by WWE to be a direct continuation of the One Night Stand chronology. However, the 2010 event was later promoted as only the second event under a new chronology, one that is no longer a direct continuation of the One Night Stand events.Starting in 2010, Extreme Rules was moved from June to late April/early May to replace Backlash as the post-WrestleMania pay-per-view event. For 2013, the event was scheduled to take place in mid-May and replace Over the Limit. After the newly-reinstated WWE Brand Extension took effect in 2016, the event returned to the June slot of WWE's pay-per-view calendar in 2017 as a Raw-exclusive pay-per-view event. In 2018, it was announced that Extreme Rules would be a dual brand event, and moved to the July slot.WWE Fastlane
Fastlane is a professional wrestling pay-per-view and WWE Network event produced annually by WWE, a Connecticut–based promotion, and broadcast live and available through pay-per-view (PPV) and WWE Network. The event was established in 2015; it replaced Elimination Chamber in the February slot of WWE's pay-per-view calendar. The name of the event is a reference to its position on the "Road to WrestleMania". In 2015 and 2016, Fastlane was held in February until after WWE reinstated the brand split in July 2016, which moved it to March in the successive years. In 2017, Fastlane was a Raw-exclusive pay-per-view and in 2018, it switched to being SmackDown-exclusive. In 2019, Fastlane was a dual-branded event.WWE Money in the Bank
Money in the Bank is a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event, produced annually by WWE. It is named after the Money in the Bank ladder match, which previously only took place at WrestleMania. The Money in the Bank ladder match debuted at WrestleMania 21 in 2005. The Money in the Bank match would then be held at the next five WrestleMania events, after which the match concept was spun off on to its own pay-per-view beginning in 2010.WWE Payback
WWE Payback was a professional wrestling event produced annually by WWE, a Connecticut–based promotion, and broadcast live and available through pay-per-view (PPV). The event was established in 2013, replacing No Way Out in the June slot of WWE's pay-per-view calendar. In 2015, the event moved to the May slot of WWE's pay-per-view calendar. WWE swapped dates between Payback and Extreme Rules in 2016, with Payback taking place on May 1 and Extreme Rules taking place on May 22; making this event as a post-WrestleMania pay-per-view event.
With the brand extension reinstated after Battleground PPV event in 2016, the 2017 edition of the event was moved to the late April slot of WWE's pay-per-view calendar and being made as a Raw-exclusive pay-per-view event. The event was expected to return in 2018, as a SmackDown branded event. However, the event was taken off of WWE's PPV lineup as all events after WrestleMania 34 became dual-branded.
Championship bouts are scheduled on every card, with the lower-tier titles featured on the undercard and the top-tier featured on the main card.WWF One Night Only
One Night Only was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by the World Wrestling Federation (WWF) that took place on September 20, 1997, at the NEC Arena in Birmingham, England.