Paul Newman

Paul Leonard Newman (January 26, 1925 – September 26, 2008) was an American actor, film director, producer, race car driver, IndyCar owner, entrepreneur, and philanthropist. He won and was nominated for numerous awards, winning an Oscar for his performance in the 1986 film The Color of Money,[1] a BAFTA Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award, a Cannes Film Festival Award, an Emmy Award, and many others. Newman's other roles include the title characters in The Hustler (1961), Hud (1963), Harper (1966) and Cool Hand Luke (1967), as well as Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969), The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean (1972), The Sting (1973), Slap Shot (1977), and The Verdict (1982). He voiced Doc Hudson in the first installment of Disney-Pixar's Cars as his final acting performance, with voice recordings being used in Cars 3 (2017).

Newman won several national championships as a driver in Sports Car Club of America road racing, and his race teams won several championships in open-wheel IndyCar racing. He was a co-founder of Newman's Own, a food company from which he donated all post-tax profits and royalties to charity.[2] As of November 2018, these donations have totaled over US$535 million.[3] He was a co-founder of Safe Water Network, a nonprofit that develops sustainable drinking water solutions for those in need.[4]

In 1988, Newman founded the SeriousFun Children's Network, a global family of summer camps and programs for children with serious illness which has served 290,076 children since its inception.[5]

Paul Newman
Paul Newman - 1958
Newman in 1958
Born
Paul Leonard Newman

January 26, 1925
DiedSeptember 26, 2008 (aged 83)
EducationKenyon College (BA)
Yale University
OccupationActor, film director, producer, race car driver, Indy Car owner, entrepreneur
Years active1953–2008
OrganizationSeriousFun Children's Network
Height5 ft 9 12 in (177 cm)
Spouse(s)
Jackie Witte
(m. 1949; div. 1958)

Joanne Woodward (m. 1958)
Children6; including Scott, Nell, and Melissa Newman

Early life

Newman was born in Shaker Heights, Ohio, the second son of Theresa Garth (née Fetzer, Fetzko, or Fetsko; Slovak: Terézia Fecková;[6][7] 1894-1982) and Arthur Sigmund Newman, Sr. (1893–1950), who ran a sporting goods store.[8][9][10]

Paul's father was Jewish,[11][12][13] the son of Simon Newman and Hannah Cohn, Hungarian-Jewish and Polish Jewish emigrants from Hungary and Vistula Land.[9][14] Paul's mother was a practitioner of Christian Science. She was born to a Slovak Roman Catholic family in Peticse (near Homonna) in the Austro-Hungarian Empire (present-day Ptičie near Humenné, Slovakia).[7][15][16][17] Newman had no religion as an adult, but described himself as a Jew, saying "it's more of a challenge".[18] Newman's mother worked in his father's store, while raising Paul and his elder brother, Arthur,[19] who later became a producer and production manager.[20]

Newman showed an early interest in the theater; his first role was at the age of seven, playing the court jester in a school production of Robin Hood. At age 10, Newman performed at the Cleveland Play House in a production of Saint George and the Dragon, and was a notable actor and alumnus of their Curtain Pullers children's theatre program.[21] Graduating from Shaker Heights High School in 1943, he briefly attended Ohio University in Athens, Ohio, where he was initiated into the Phi Kappa Tau fraternity.[20]

Newman served in the United States Navy in World War II in the Pacific theater.[20] Initially, he enrolled in the Navy V-12 pilot training program at Yale University, but was dropped when his colorblindness was discovered.[20][22]

Boot camp followed, with training as a radioman and rear gunner. Qualifying in torpedo bombers in 1944, Aviation Radioman Third Class Newman was sent to Barbers Point, Hawaii. He was subsequently assigned to Pacific-based replacement torpedo squadrons VT-98, VT-99, and VT-100, responsible primarily for training replacement combat pilots and air crewmen, with special emphasis on carrier landings.[22] He later flew as a turret gunner in an Avenger torpedo bomber. As a radioman-gunner, his unit was assigned to the aircraft carrier Bunker Hill along with other replacements shortly before the Battle of Okinawa in the spring of 1945. The pilot of his aircraft had an ear infection, which kept their plane grounded. The rest of their squadron flew to the Bunker Hill. Days later, a kamikaze attack on the vessel killed a number of service members, including the other members of his unit.[23][24]

After the war, Newman completed his Bachelor of Arts in drama and economics at Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio in 1949.[25] Shortly after earning his degree, he joined several summer stock companies, most notably the Belfry Players in Wisconsin[26] and the Woodstock Players in Illinois. He toured with them for three months and developed his talents as a part of Woodstock Players.[20][27] He later attended the Yale School of Drama for one year, before moving to New York City to study under Lee Strasberg at the Actors Studio.[20] Oscar Levant wrote that Newman initially was hesitant to leave New York for Hollywood, and that Newman had said, "Too close to the cake. Also, no place to study."[28]

Paul Newman in front of St. Mark's Square, 1963
Paul Newman riding a water taxi in Venice, 1963

Career

Early work and mainstream success

Paul Newman 1954
Newman in 1954

Newman arrived in New York City in 1951 with his first wife, Jackie Witte, taking up residence in the St. George section of Staten Island.[29][30]

He made his Broadway theatre debut in the original production of William Inge's Picnic with Kim Stanley in 1953 and appeared in the original Broadway production of The Desperate Hours in 1955. In 1959, he was in the original Broadway production of Sweet Bird of Youth with Geraldine Page and three years later starred with Page in the film version. During this time Newman started acting in television. His first credited role was in a 1952 episode of Tales of Tomorrow entitled "Ice from Space".[31] In the mid-1950s, he appeared twice on CBS's Appointment with Adventure anthology series.[32]

In February 1954, Newman appeared in a screen test with James Dean, directed by Gjon Mili, for East of Eden (1955). Newman was tested for the role of Aron Trask, Dean for the role of Aron's fraternal twin brother Cal. Dean won his part, but Newman lost out to Richard Davalos. That same year, he co-starred with Eva Marie Saint and Frank Sinatra in a live—and color—television broadcast of Our Town, a musical adaptation of Thornton Wilder's stage play. Newman was a last-minute replacement for James Dean.[33] The Dean connection had resonance two other times, as Newman was cast in two leading roles originally earmarked for Dean, as Billy the Kid in The Left Handed Gun and as Rocky Graziano in Somebody Up There Likes Me, both filmed after Dean's death in an automobile collision.[32]

Newman's first film for Hollywood was The Silver Chalice (1954). The film was a box-office failure, and the actor would later acknowledge his disdain for it.[34] In 1956, Newman garnered much attention and acclaim for the role of Rocky Graziano in Somebody Up There Likes Me. In 1958, he starred in Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958), opposite Elizabeth Taylor. The film was a box-office smash, and Newman garnered his first Academy Award nomination. Also in 1958, Newman starred in The Long, Hot Summer with Joanne Woodward, with whom he reconnected on the set in 1957 (they had first met in 1953). He won Best Actor at the 1958 Cannes Film Festival for this film.[32]

Major films

The Hustler 1961 screenshot 4
Newman in The Hustler (1961)

Newman starred in Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958), The Young Philadelphians (1959), Exodus (1960), From the Terrace, (1960), The Hustler (1961), Hud (1963), Torn Curtain (1966), Harper (1966), Hombre (1967), Cool Hand Luke (1967), The Towering Inferno (1974), Slap Shot (1977), Absence of Malice (1981) and The Verdict (1982). He teamed with fellow actor Robert Redford and director George Roy Hill for Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969) and The Sting (1973). After his marriage to Woodward they appeared together in The Long, Hot Summer (1958), Rally 'Round the Flag, Boys!, (1958), From the Terrace (1960), Paris Blues (1961), A New Kind of Love (1963), Winning (1969), WUSA (1970), The Drowning Pool (1975), Slap Shot (1977) Harry & Son (1984), and Mr. and Mrs. Bridge (1990). They starred in the HBO miniseries Empire Falls, but did not share any scenes.

In addition to starring in and directing Harry & Son, Newman directed four feature films starring Woodward. They were Rachel, Rachel (1968), based on Margaret Laurence's A Jest of God, the screen version of the Pulitzer Prize–winning play The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds (1972), the television screen version of the Pulitzer Prize–winning play The Shadow Box (1980), and a screen version of Tennessee Williams' The Glass Menagerie (1987). Twenty-five years after The Hustler, Newman reprised his role of "Fast Eddie" Felson in the Martin Scorsese–directed film The Color of Money (1986), for which he won the Academy Award for Best Actor.[35]

21st century roles

In 2003, Newman appeared in a Broadway revival of Wilder's Our Town, receiving his first Tony Award nomination for his performance. PBS and the cable network Showtime aired a taping of the production, and Newman was nominated for an Emmy Award[36] for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or TV Movie.

Newman's last movie appearance was as a conflicted mob boss in the 2002 film Road to Perdition opposite Tom Hanks, for which he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. His last appearance overall, although he continued to provide voice work for films, was in 2005 in the HBO mini-series Empire Falls (based on the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel by Richard Russo) in which he played the dissolute father of the protagonist, Miles Roby, and for which he won a Golden Globe and a Primetime Emmy. In 2006, in keeping with his strong interest in car racing, he provided the voice of Doc Hudson, a retired anthropomorphic race car, in Disney/Pixar's Cars — this was his final role for a major feature film. While not in the sequel Cars 2 (2011), his voice was later used in the third film, (which was done through the use of archive recordings) Cars 3 (2017), for which he received billing, almost nine years after his death.

Newman retired from acting in May 2007, saying "You start to lose your memory, you start to lose your confidence, you start to lose your invention. So I think that's pretty much a closed book for me."[37] He came out of retirement to record narration for the 2007 documentary Dale, about the life of NASCAR driver Dale Earnhardt, and for the 2008 documentary The Meerkats.

Philanthropy

Paul Newman in Carnation, Washington June 2007 cropped
Newman in 2007

With writer A. E. Hotchner, Newman founded Newman's Own, a line of food products, in 1982. The brand started with salad dressing and has expanded to include pasta sauce, lemonade, popcorn, salsa, and wine, among other things. Newman established a policy that all proceeds, after taxes, would be donated to charity. As of 2014, the franchise has donated in excess of $400 million.[2] He co-wrote a memoir about the subject with Hotchner, Shameless Exploitation in Pursuit of the Common Good. Among other awards, Newman's Own co-sponsors the PEN/Newman's Own First Amendment Award, a $25,000 reward designed to recognize those who protect the First Amendment as it applies to the written word.[38]

One beneficiary of his philanthropy is the Hole in the Wall Gang Camp, a residential summer camp for seriously ill children located in Ashford, Connecticut, which Newman co-founded in 1988. It is named after the gang in his film Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969), and the real-life, historic Hole-in-the-Wall outlaw hangout in the mountains of northern Wyoming. Newman's college fraternity, Phi Kappa Tau, adopted his Connecticut Hole in the Wall camp as their "national philanthropy" in 1995. The original camp has expanded to become several Hole in the Wall Camps in the U.S., Ireland, France, and Israel. The camps serve 13,000 children every year, free of charge.[2]

In 1983, Newman became a Major Donor for The Mirror Theater Ltd, alongside Dustin Hoffman and Al Pacino, matching a grant from Laurence Rockefeller.[39] Newman was inspired to invest by his connection with Lee Strasberg, as Lee’s then daughter-in-law Sabra Jones was the Founder and Producing Artistic Director of The Mirror. Paul Newman remained a friend of the company until his death and discussed at numerous times possible productions in which he could star with his wife, Joanne Woodward.

In June 1999, Newman donated $250,000 to Catholic Relief Services to aid refugees in Kosovo.[40]

On June 1, 2007, Kenyon College announced that Newman had donated $10 million to the school to establish a scholarship fund as part of the college's $230 million fund-raising campaign. Newman and Woodward were honorary co-chairs of a previous campaign.[41]

Newman was one of the founders of the Committee Encouraging Corporate Philanthropy (CECP), a membership organization of CEOs and corporate chairpersons committed to raising the level and quality of global corporate philanthropy. Founded in 1999 by Newman and a few leading CEOs, CECP has grown to include more than 175 members and, through annual executive convenings, extensive benchmarking research, and best practice publications, leads the business community in developing sustainable and strategic community partnerships through philanthropy.[42] Newman was named the Most Generous Celebrity of 2008 by Givingback.org. He contributed $20,857,000 for the year of 2008 to the Newman's Own Foundation, which distributes funds to a variety of charities.[43]

Upon Newman's death, the Italian newspaper (a "semi-official" paper of the Holy See) L'Osservatore Romano published a notice lauding Newman's philanthropy. It also commented that "Newman was a generous heart, an actor of a dignity and style rare in Hollywood quarters."[44]

Newman was responsible for preserving lands around Westport, Connecticut. He lobbied the state's governor for funds for the 2011 Aspetuck Land Trust in Easton.[45] In 2011 Paul Newman's estate gifted land to Westport to be managed by the Aspetuck Land Trust.[46]

Political activism

Paul newman menomonee falls wisconsin mcarthy eugene rally
Newman at a political rally for Eugene McCarthy in 1968

Newman was a lifelong Democrat. For his support of Eugene McCarthy in 1968 (and effective use of television commercials in California) and his opposition to the Vietnam War, Newman was placed nineteenth on Richard Nixon's enemies list,[47] which Newman claimed was his greatest accomplishment. During the 1968 general election, Newman supported Democratic nominee Hubert Humphrey and appeared in a pre-election night telethon for him. Newman was also a vocal supporter of gay rights.[48][49]

In January 1995, Newman was the chief investor of a group, including the writer E.L. Doctorow and the editor Victor Navasky, that bought the progressive-left wing periodical The Nation.[50] Newman was an occasional writer for the publication.[51]

Consistent with his work for liberal causes, Newman publicly supported Ned Lamont's candidacy in the 2006 Connecticut Democratic Primary against Senator Joe Lieberman, and was even rumored as a candidate himself, until Lamont emerged as a credible alternative. He donated to Chris Dodd's presidential campaign.[52] Newman earlier donated money to Bill Richardson's campaign for president in 2008.

Newman attended the March on Washington on August 28, 1963,[53] and was also present at the first Earth Day event in Manhattan on April 22, 1970.[54]

Newman was concerned about global warming and supported nuclear energy development as a solution.[55]

Auto racing

Paul Newman Racing 1979 Spyder NF-11 Chevrolet V8 - CanAm single seater racer based on Lola T333CS
A Newman Freeman Racing NF Spyder Can-Am race car

Newman was an auto racing enthusiast, and first became interested in motorsports ("the first thing that I ever found I had any grace in") while training at the Watkins Glen Racing School for the filming of Winning, a 1969 film. Because of his love and passion for racing, Newman agreed in 1971 to star in and to host his first television special, Once Upon a Wheel, on the history of auto racing. It was produced and directed by David Winters, who co-owned a number of racing cars with Newman.[56][57] Newman's first professional event as a racer was in 1972 at Thompson International Speedway, quietly entered as "P.L. Newman", by which he continued to be known in the racing community.[58]

He was a frequent competitor in Sports Car Club of America (SCCA) events for the rest of the decade, eventually winning four national championships. He later drove in the 1979 24 Hours of Le Mans in Dick Barbour's Porsche 935 and finished in second place.[59] Newman reunited with Barbour in 2000 to compete in the Petit Le Mans.[60]

24 Hours of Le Mans career
Years1979
TeamsDick Barbour Racing
Best finish2nd (1979)
Class wins1 (1979)

From the mid-1970s to the early 1990s, he drove for the Bob Sharp Racing team, racing mainly Datsuns (later rebranded as Nissans) in the Trans-Am Series. He became closely associated with the brand during the 1980s, even appearing in commercials for them in Japan and having a special edition of the Nissan Skyline named after him. At the age of 70 years and eight days, Newman became the oldest driver to date to be part of a winning team in a major sanctioned race,[61] winning in his class at the 1995 24 Hours of Daytona.[62] Among his last major races were the Baja 1000 in 2004 and the 24 Hours of Daytona once again in 2005.[63]

Road America Paul Newman Nissan on display
Sharp/Newman Nissan

During the 1976 auto racing season, Newman became interested in forming a professional auto racing team and contacted Bill Freeman who introduced Newman to professional auto racing management, and their company specialized in Can-Am, Indy Cars, and other high-performance racing automobiles. The team was based in Santa Barbara, California and commuted to Willow Springs International Motorsports Park for much of its testing sessions.

Their "Newman Freeman Racing" team was very competitive in the North American Can-Am series in their Budweiser sponsored Chevrolet-powered Spyder NFs. Newman and Freeman began a long and successful partnership with the Newman Freeman Racing team in the Can-Am series which culminated in the Can-Am Team Championship trophy in 1979. Newman was associated with Freeman's established Porsche racing team which allowed both Newman and Freeman to compete in S.C.C.A. and I.M.S.A. racing events together, including the Sebring 12-hour endurance sports car race. This car was sponsored by Beverly Porsche/Audi. Freeman was Sports Car Club of America's Southern Pacific National Champion during the Newman Freeman Racing period. Later Newman co-founded Newman/Haas Racing with Carl Haas, a Champ Car team, in 1983, going on to win 8 drivers' championships under his ownership. The 1996 racing season was chronicled in the IMAX film Super Speedway, which Newman narrated. He was a partner in the Atlantic Championship team Newman Wachs Racing.[64]

Having said he would quit "when I embarrass myself", Newman competed into his 80s, winning at Lime Rock in what former co-driver Sam Posey called a "brutish Corvette" displaying his age as its number: 81.[58] He took the pole in his last professional race, in 2007 at Watkins Glen International, and in a 2008 run at Lime Rock, arranged by friends, he reportedly still did 9/10ths of his best time.[65]

Newman was posthumously inducted into the SCCA Hall of Fame at the national convention in Las Vegas, Nevada on February 21, 2009.[66]

Newman's racing life was chronicled In the documentary Winning: The Racing Life of Paul Newman.

Motorsports career results

Complete 24 Hours of Le Mans results

(key)

Year Team Co-Drivers Car Class Laps Pos. Class
Pos.
1979 Germany Kremer Racing Germany Rolf Stommelen
United States Dick Barbour
Porsche 935 IMSA+2.5 300 2nd 1st

Personal life

Newman was married twice. His first marriage was to Jackie Witte[20] from 1949 to 1958. They had a son, Scott (1950–1978), and two daughters, Susan (born 1953) and Stephanie Kendall (born 1954).[20] Scott, who appeared in films including Breakheart Pass, The Towering Inferno, and the 1977 film Fraternity Row, died in November 1978 from a drug overdose.[67] Newman started the Scott Newman Center for drug abuse prevention in memory of his son.[68] Susan is a documentary filmmaker and philanthropist, and has Broadway and screen credits, including a starring role as one of four Beatles fans in I Wanna Hold Your Hand (1978), and also a small role opposite her father in Slap Shot. She also received an Emmy nomination as co-producer of his telefilm, The Shadow Box.

Newman met actress Joanne Woodward in 1953,[69] on the production of Picnic on Broadway,[70] it was Newman's debut and Woodward was an understudy.[71] Shortly after filming The Long, Hot Summer in 1957, he divorced Witte. He married Woodward early in 1958. The Newmans moved to 11th Street in Manhattan,[72] before buying a home and starting a family in Westport, Connecticut. They were one of the very first Hollywood movie star couples to choose to raise their families outside California.[73] They remained married for 50 years, until his death in 2008.[74] They had three daughters: Elinor "Nell" Teresa (b. 1959), Melissa "Lissy" Stewart (b. 1961), and Claire "Clea" Olivia (b. 1965). Newman was well known for his devotion to his wife and family. When once asked about his reputation for fidelity, he famously quipped, "Why go out for a hamburger when you have steak at home?" He also said that he never met anyone who had as much to lose as he did. In his profile on 60 Minutes he admitted he once left Woodward after a fight, walked around the outside of the house, knocked on the front door and explained to Joanne he had nowhere to go.[73] Newman directed Nell alongside her mother in the films Rachel, Rachel and The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds.

Newman was an ordained minister of the Universal Life Church.[75]

Illness and death

Newman was scheduled to make his professional stage directing debut with the Westport Country Playhouse's 2008 production of John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men, but he stepped down on May 23, 2008, citing his health concerns.[76]

In June 2008, it was widely reported in the press that he had been diagnosed with lung cancer and was receiving treatment for the condition at the Sloan-Kettering hospital in New York City.[77] A. E. Hotchner, who partnered in the 1980s with Newman to start Newman's Own, told the Associated Press in an interview in mid-2008 that Newman had told him about being afflicted with the disease about 18 months prior.[78] Newman's spokesman told the press that the star was "doing nicely", but neither confirmed nor denied that he had cancer.[79]

Newman died on the morning of September 26, 2008,[80][81][82] in the presence of his family.[83] He was 83 years old. His body was cremated after a private funeral service near his home in Westport.[84]

Partial theater credits

Awards, nominations and honors

Newman is one of four actors to have been nominated for an Academy Award in five different decades.[32][86] The other nominees were Laurence Olivier, Michael Caine, and Jack Nicholson.

In addition to the awards Newman won for specific roles, he received an honorary Academy Award in 1986 for his "many and memorable and compelling screen performances" and the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award for his charity work in 1994.[86]

He received the Kennedy Center Honors in 1992 along with his wife, Joanne Woodward.[32]

In 1994, Newman and his wife received the Award for Greatest Public Service Benefiting the Disadvantaged, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards.[87]

Newman won Best Actor at the Cannes Film Festival for The Long, Hot Summer and the Silver Bear at the Berlin International Film Festival for Nobody's Fool.[32][86]

In 1968, Newman was named "Man of the Year" by Harvard University's performance group, the Hasty Pudding Theatricals.[86]

The 2008 Edition of "Sport Movies & TV - Milano International FICTS Fest" was dedicated to his memory.[88]

In 2015, the U.S. Postal Service issued a 'forever stamp' honoring Newman, which went on sale September 18, 2015. It features a 1980 photograph of Newman by photographer Steve Schapiro, accompanied by text that reads: 'Actor/Philanthropist'.[89]

Since the 1970s, an event called "Newman Day" has been celebrated at Kenyon College, Bates College, Princeton University, and other American colleges. On "Newman Day", students try to drink 24 beers in 24 hours, based on a quote attributed to Newman about there being 24 beers in a case, and 24 hours in a day, and that this is surely not a mere coincidence.[90] In 2004, Newman requested that Princeton University disassociate the event from his name, due to the fact that he did not endorse the behavior, citing his creation in 1980 of the Scott Newman Centre, "dedicated to the prevention of substance abuse through education". Princeton disavowed any responsibility for the event, responding that Newman Day is not sponsored, endorsed, or encouraged by the university itself and is solely an unofficial event among students.[91][92]

On October 26, 2017, Paul Newman's Rolex Daytona was auctioned in New York by Phillips Auctioneers for $17.5 million, making it one of the most expensive wristwatches ever sold in an auction.[93]

Bibliography

  • Newman, Paul; Hotchner, A.E. Newman's Own Cookbook. Simon & Schuster, 1998; ISBN 0-684-84832-5.
  • Newman, Paul; Hotchner, A.E. Shameless Exploitation in Pursuit of the Common Good. Doubleday Publishing, 2003; ISBN 0-385-50802-6.

Notes

  1. ^ "Persons with 5 or More Acting Nominations". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. March 2008. Archived from the original on March 1, 2009. Retrieved December 30, 2008.
  2. ^ a b c "Newman's Own Foundation - More than $350 Million Donated Around the World". newmansownfoundation.org. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
  3. ^ "Total Giving". newmansownfoundation.org. Retrieved June 27, 2016.
  4. ^ Kaye, Leon. "How Safe Water Network's Partnership With Companies Benefits the World's Poor". triplepundit.com. Triple Pundit. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
  5. ^ "A Global Community of Camps and Programs". seriousfunnetwork.org. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
  6. ^ Lax, Eric (1996). Paul Newman: A Biography. Atlanta: Turner Publishing; ISBN 1-57036-286-6.
  7. ^ a b Morella, Joe; Epstein, Edward Z. (1988). Paul and Joanne: A Biography of Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward. Delacorte Press; ISBN 0-440-50004-4.
  8. ^ Profile, FilmReference.com; accessed October 21, 2015.
  9. ^ a b "Ancestry of Paul Newman". Genealogy.com. 2010. Archived from the original on September 27, 2010. Retrieved December 14, 2013.
  10. ^ Levy, Shawn (November 5, 2009). "Paul Newman: A Life" (excerpt). Scribd.com. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
  11. ^ "Was Paul Newman's acting career limited by his charm and good looks?". The Independent. March 26, 2010.
  12. ^ Tugend, Tom (September 28, 2008). "Paul Newman — Hollywood's most famous half-Jew — dies at 83 [VIDEO]". The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  13. ^ "Paul Newman: Actor, racing driver, activist and philanthropist". BelfastTelegraph.co.uk. September 29, 2008. Retrieved May 27, 2018.
  14. ^ "Paul Newman: A Biography". google.co.uk. p. 1.
  15. ^ "Paul Newman, A Big Gun at 73". Buffalo News. March 7, 1998; retrieved March 8, 2008.
  16. ^ Ptičie Archived March 17, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Obecný úrad Ptičie, pticie.host.sk; accessed October 21, 2015.(in Slovak)
  17. ^ "Fallece el actor Paul Newman", Elmundo.es, September 27, 2008.(in Spanish)
  18. ^ Skow, John. "Verdict on a Superstar". Time. December 6, 1982.
  19. ^ "Arthur S. Newman Jr". IMDb. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h Paul Newman biography Archived October 23, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Tiscali.co.uk.com; accessed October 21, 2015.
  21. ^ "Paul Newman at The Cleveland Play House Children's Theatre". The Cleveland Memory Project. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  22. ^ a b Paul Newman bio, history.navy.mil; accessed October 21, 2015.
  23. ^ Hastings, Max (2008). Retribution: The Battle for Japan, 1944–45. Random House; ISBN 0-307-26351-7.
  24. ^ "Honoring Those Who Serve". Retrieved October 21, 2015.
  25. ^ "Newman gives $10M to Ohio alma mater". USA Today. June 2, 2007. Retrieved September 19, 2013.
  26. ^ Franzene, Jessica, "Theologians & Thespians," in Welcome Home, a realtors' guide to property history in the Lake Geneva region, August 2012
  27. ^ Borden, Marian Edelman (2010). Paul Newman: A Biography. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-313-38310-6.
  28. ^ Levant, Oscar (1969). The Unimportance of Being Oscar. Pocket Books. p. 56; ISBN 0-671-77104-3.
  29. ^ "Actor Paul Newman's dramatic roots were sprouted on Staten Island". SILive.com. Staten Island Advance. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
  30. ^ "Forgotten-NY Neighborhoods: St. George: Staten Island's Wonderland". Archived from the original on February 13, 2009. Retrieved July 13, 2014.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  31. ^ "Ice From Space". Tales of Tomorrow. Season 1. Episode 43. August 8, 1952.
  32. ^ a b c d e f Paul Newman on IMDb
  33. ^ Weiner, Ed; Editors of TV Guide (1992). The TV Guide TV Book: 40 Years of the All-Time Greatest Television Facts, Fads, Hits, and History (First ed.). New York: Harper Collins. p. 118.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  34. ^ "Inside The Actors Studio – Paul Newman". YouTube. June 8, 2011. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
  35. ^ ""1986 Award Winners". National Board of Review of Motion Pictures". National Board of Review. 2016. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
  36. ^ "Paul Newman". Television Academy. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
  37. ^ "Paul Newman quits films after stellar career" Archived May 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, News.com.au. May 27, 2007. Hollywood star Newman to retire, bbc.co.uk, May 27, 2007.
  38. ^ "PEN/Newman's Own First Amendment Award recipient announced". PEN American Center. April 5, 2004. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  39. ^ Nemy, Enid. "BROADWAY." The New York Times. The New York Times, 06 Dec. 1984. Web. 10 Jan. 2017. <https://www.nytimes.com/1984/12/07/arts/broadway.html>.
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  41. ^ "Paul Newman donates $10 mln to Kenyon College". Reuters. June 2, 2007. Retrieved June 4, 2007.
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  43. ^ "The Giving Back 30". The Giving Back Fund. November 1, 2009. Archived from the original on November 9, 2009. Retrieved November 4, 2009.
  44. ^ Pattison, Mark (September 30, 2008). "Catholic film critics laud actor Paul Newman's career, generosity". Catholic News Service. Archived from the original on March 7, 2013. Retrieved April 11, 2010.
  45. ^ Christopher Brooks; Catherine Brooks (April 22, 2011). 60 Hiles Within 60 Miles: New York City. ReadHowYouWant.com. pp. 620–621. ISBN 978-1-4596-1793-3. Retrieved February 19, 2013.
  46. ^ Hennessy, Christina (October 20, 2011). "Sightseeing: Newman Poses Nature Preserve may have marquee name, but nature is the star". The Stamford Advocate. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  47. ^ "List of White House 'Enemies' and Memo Submitted by Dean to the Ervin Committee". Facts on File. Archived from the original on June 21, 2003. Retrieved March 10, 2010.
  48. ^ Levy 2009, p. 241.
  49. ^ Borden 2010, p. 96.
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References

  • Dherbier, Yann-Brice; Verlhac, Pierre-Henri (2006). Paul Newman: A Life in Pictures. San Francisco, CA: Chronicle Books. ISBN 978-0-8118-5726-0. OCLC 71146543.
  • Demers, Jenifer. Paul Newman: the Dream has Ended!. Createspace, 2008; ISBN 1-4404-3323-2
  • Lax, Eric. Paul Newman: a Biography. Turner Publishing, Incorporated, 1999; ISBN 1-57036-286-6.
  • Levy, Shawn (2009). Paul Newman: A Life. Harmony Books. ISBN 9780307353757.
  • Morella, Joe; Epstein, Edward Z. Paul and Joanne: A Biography of Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward. Delacorte Press, 1988; ISBN 0-440-50004-4.
  • O'Brien, Daniel. Paul Newman. Faber & Faber, Limited, 2005; ISBN 0-571-21987-X.
  • Oumano, Elena. Paul Newman. St. Martin's Press, 1990; ISBN 0-517-05934-7.
  • Quirk, Lawrence J. The Films of Paul Newman. Taylor Pub., 1986; ISBN 0-8065-0385-8.
  • Thomson, Kenneth. The Films of Paul Newman. 1978; ISBN 0-912616-87-3.

Further reading

  • Hinton, Susan (1967). The Outsiders. USA: Viking Press, Dell Publishing. ISBN 0-670-53257-6. OCLC 64396432.
  • Quirk, Lawrence J. (1971). The Films of Paul Newman. New York, NY: Citadel Press. ISBN 0-8065-0233-9. OCLC 171115.
  • Hamblett, Charles (1975). Paul Newman. Chicago, IL: H. Regnery. ISBN 978-0-8092-8236-4. OCLC 1646636.
  • Godfrey, Lionel (1979). Paul Newman Superstar: A Critical Biography. New York, NY: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-59819-8. OCLC 4739913.
  • Landry, J. C. (1983). Paul Newman. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-036189-8. OCLC 9556372.
  • Morella, Joe; Epstein, Edward Z. (1988). Paul and Joanne: A Biography of Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward. New York, NY: Delacorte Press. ISBN 978-0-440-50004-9. OCLC 18016049.
  • Stern, Stewart (1989). No Tricks in My Pocket: Paul Newman Directs. New York, NY: Grove Press. ISBN 978-0-8021-1120-3. OCLC 18780705.
  • Netter, Susan (1989). Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward. London, England: Piatkus. ISBN 978-0-86188-869-6. OCLC 19778734.
  • Oumano, Elena (1989). Paul Newman. New York, NY: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-02627-1. OCLC 18558929.
  • Lax, Eric (1996). Newman: Paul Newman, A Celebration. London, UK: Pavilion. ISBN 978-1-85793-730-5. OCLC 37355715.
  • Lax, Eric (1996). Paul Newman: A Biography. Atlanta, GA: Turner Pub. ISBN 978-1-57036-286-6. OCLC 33667112.
  • Quirk, Lawrence J. (1996). Paul Newman. Dallas, TX: Taylor Pub. Co. ISBN 978-0-87833-962-4. OCLC 35884602.
  • O'Brien, Daniel (2004). Paul Newman. London, UK: Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-21986-5. OCLC 56658601.
  • Demers, Jenifer (2008). Paul Newman: The Dream has Ended!. California: Createspace. ISBN 978-1-4404-3323-8.
  • Hotchner, A.E. (2010). Paul and Me: Fifty-three Years of Adventures and Misadventures with My Pal, Paul Newman. New York: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-385-53233-4.

External links

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Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958 film)

Cat on a Hot Tin Roof is a 1958 American drama film directed by Richard Brooks. It is based on the Pulitzer Prize-winning play of the same name by Tennessee Williams and adapted by Richard Brooks and James Poe. One of the top-ten box office hits of 1958, the film stars Elizabeth Taylor, Paul Newman, and Burl Ives.

Harper (film)

Harper (released in the UK as The Moving Target) is a 1966 American Technicolor mystery film based on Ross Macdonald's novel The Moving Target in Panavision and adapted for the screen by novelist William Goldman, who admired MacDonald's writings. The film stars Paul Newman as the eponymous Lew Harper (Lew Archer in the novel). It is directed by Jack Smight, with an ensemble cast that includes Robert Wagner, Julie Harris, Janet Leigh, Shelley Winters and Arthur Hill.

Goldman received a 1967 Edgar Award for Best Motion Picture Screenplay.

The film pays homage to Humphrey Bogart's portrayals of Sam Spade and Phillip Marlowe by featuring Bogart's widow, Lauren Bacall, who plays a wounded wife searching for her missing husband, a role similar to General Sternwood in the 1946 Bogart-and-Bacall film, The Big Sleep.

In 1975, Newman reprised the role in The Drowning Pool.

Joanne Woodward

Joanne Gignilliat Trimmier Woodward (born February 27, 1930) is an American actress, producer, and philanthropist. She is best known for her performance in The Three Faces of Eve (1957), which earned her an Academy Award for Best Actress and a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama.

In a career spanning over six decades, she received four Oscar nominations (winning one), ten Golden Globe Award nominations (winning three), four BAFTA Film Award nominations (winning one), and nine Primetime Emmy Award nominations (winning three).

John Newman (Australian politician)

John Paul Newman (born Johann Grauenig, formerly Naumenko; 8 December 1946 – 5 September 1994) was an Australian politician who served as a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1986 until his death. He died at the age of 47, after being shot and killed outside his home in Cabramatta. Phuong Ngo, a local club owner and political opponent who had run against Newman as an independent in 1991, was convicted of Newman's murder in 2001. His death has been described by the media as Australia's first political assassination.

Newman's Own

Newman's Own is a food company founded by the late actor Paul Newman and author A. E. Hotchner in 1982. The company gives 100% of the after-tax profits from the sale of its products to Newman's Own Foundation, a private non-profit foundation which in turn gives the money to various educational and charitable organizations.

Newman Day

Newman Day is a collegiate drinking tradition where 24 beers are consumed over 24 hours, founded by students of Bates College, in Lewiston, Maine. In its debut in the January 1976 Winter Carnival at the college, a student exclaimed that Paul Newman once said "24 hours in a day, 24 beers in a case. Coincidence? I think not," as a rhetorical mandate.Originally named Paul Newman Day, it was renamed Newman Day (sometimes known as Newman's Day), and became an unofficial student tradition at Bates in the years to follow. As time went on the tradition was picked up by his alma mater, Kenyon College, as well as Princeton. Newman Day begins at 12:00 am on the morning of April 24th and concludes at 11:59 pm. During his life Newman publicly opposed the tradition and asserted that the quote inspiring it was misattributed.The tradition has been spun off into new traditions and similar activities by The Evergreen State College and the University of Virginia.

Nobody's Fool (1994 film)

Nobody's Fool is a 1994 American comedy-drama film based on the 1993 novel of the same name by Richard Russo. The film was written for the screen and directed by Robert Benton and stars Paul Newman, Jessica Tandy, Bruce Willis, Melanie Griffith, Dylan Walsh, Pruitt Taylor Vince, Gene Saks, Josef Sommer, Philip Seymour Hoffman, and Philip Bosco. It was Paramount's final production under its Paramount Communications ownership (being sold to the original Viacom in July 1994) and Jessica Tandy's final produced film before her death on September 11, 1994.

Paris Blues

Paris Blues is a 1961 American drama film made on location in Paris, starring Sidney Poitier as expatriate jazz saxophonist Eddie Cook, and Paul Newman as trombone-playing Ram Bowen. The two men romance two vacationing American tourists, Connie Lampson (Diahann Carroll) and Lillian Corning (Joanne Woodward) respectively. The film also deals with American racism of the time contrasted with Paris's open acceptance of black people. The film was based on the 1957 novel of the same name by Harold Flender.The film also features trumpeter Louis Armstrong (as Wild Man Moore) and jazz pianist Aaron Bridgers; both play music within the film. It was produced by Sam Shaw, directed by Martin Ritt from a screenplay by Walter Bernstein, and with cinematography by Christian Matras. Paris Blues was released in the U.S. on September 27, 1961.

Rachel, Rachel

Rachel, Rachel is a 1968 American Technicolor drama film produced and directed by Paul Newman and starring Joanne Woodward in the title role. The screenplay by Stewart Stern is based on the 1966 novel A Jest of God by Canadian author Margaret Laurence. The plot concerns a schoolteacher in smalltown Connecticut, whose sexual awakening and gaining of independence takes place in her mid thirties. The film was nominated for four Academy Awards, and won two Golden Globes for Best Director and Best Actress.

Road to Perdition

Road to Perdition is a 2002 American crime film directed by Sam Mendes. The screenplay was adapted by David Self from the graphic novel of the same name by Max Allan Collins. The film stars Tom Hanks, Paul Newman, Jude Law, and Daniel Craig. The plot takes place in 1931, during the Great Depression, following a mob enforcer and his son as they seek vengeance against a mobster who murdered the rest of their family.

Filming took place in the Chicago area. Mendes, having recently finished 1999's acclaimed American Beauty, pursued a story that had minimal dialogue and conveyed emotion in the imagery. Cinematographer Conrad L. Hall took advantage of the environment to create symbolism for the film, for which he won several awards, including a posthumous Academy Award for Best Cinematography. The film explores several themes, including the consequence of violence and father-son relationships.

The film was released on July 12, 2002, and eventually grossed over $180 million worldwide. The cinematography, setting, and the lead performances by Hanks and Newman were well received by critics. It was released on home media on February 25, 2003.

Rolex Daytona

The Rolex Cosmograph Daytona is a mechanical chronograph wristwatch. It has been manufactured by Rolex since 1963 in three distinct generations (or series); the second series was introduced in 1988, and the third in 2000. While cosmetically similar, the second series introduced a self-winding movement (the first series is hand-wound), and the third series brought manufacture of the movement in-house to Rolex.

The first series included an "exotic" variant dial now known as the Rolex "Paul Newman" Daytona, named after the famed actor, who received the watch as a gift from his wife, Joanne Woodward, and popularized it by wearing it consistently while pursuing his racing career. Years later, the actor's watch, which had been gifted to his daughter's boyfriend in 1984, was sold at auction in 2017 for a record (for wristwatches) $17.8 million.

Sometimes a Great Notion (film)

Sometimes a Great Notion (also known as Never Give a Inch) is a 1971 American drama film directed by Paul Newman and starring Newman, Henry Fonda, Michael Sarrazin, and Lee Remick. The cast also includes Richard Jaeckel in an Academy Award-nominated performance.

The screenplay by John Gay is based on the 1964 novel of the same name by Ken Kesey, the first of his books to be adapted for the screen. Filmed in western Oregon during the summer of 1970, it was released over a year later in December 1971.

The Color of Money

The Color of Money is a 1986 American drama film directed by Martin Scorsese from a screenplay by Richard Price, based on the 1984 novel of the same name by Walter Tevis. The film stars Paul Newman and Tom Cruise, with Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio, Helen Shaver, and John Turturro in supporting roles. It features an original score by Robbie Robertson.

Newman won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance, his first Oscar win after eight nominations, seven of them for Best Actor.

The film continues the story of pool hustler and stakehorse Edward "Fast Eddie" Felson from Tevis' first novel, The Hustler (1959), with Newman reprising his role from the 1961 film adaptation. It begins more than 25 years after the events of the previous film, with Eddie retired from the pool circuit. Although Tevis did author a screenplay, adapting the storyline from his novel, the filmmakers decided not to use it, instead crafting an entirely different story under Tevis' title.The Color of Money was released by Touchstone Pictures.

The Helen Morgan Story

The Helen Morgan Story, released in the UK as Both Ends of the Candle, is a 1957 American biographical film directed by Michael Curtiz starring Ann Blyth and Paul Newman.

The screenplay by Oscar Saul, Dean Riesner, Stephen Longstreet, and Nelson Gidding is based on the life and career of torch singer/actress Helen Morgan, with fictional touches liberally added for dramatic purposes. Months before being released into a feature-length film, The Helen Morgan Story was produced as a live television drama on Playhouse 90, with Polly Bergen as Morgan. This turned out to be Blyth's final film role.

The Meerkats

The Meerkats, also known as Meerkats: The Movie, is a feature-length 2008 British wildlife fiction film which anthropomorphises the daily struggles of a clan of meerkats in the Kalahari Desert. It was produced by BBC Films and The Weinstein Company, and filmed by the award-winning BBC Natural History Unit. It is the debut directorial feature of James Honeyborne, previously a producer of natural history programmes for television. The worldwide premiere was held at the Dinard Film Festival, France in October 2008, expanding to a wide release the following week. The film was released in 2009, on 7 August in the UK. A US date has not yet been announced. This was dedicated to actor Paul Newman, who died in 2008, shortly before this movie was released.

The Outrage

The Outrage (1964) is a remake of the 1950 Japanese film Rashomon, reformulated as a Western. It was directed by Martin Ritt and is based on stories by Ryūnosuke Akutagawa. Like the original Akira Kurosawa film, four people give contradictory accounts of a rape and murder. Ritt utilizes flashbacks to provide these contradictory accounts.The Outrage stars Edward G. Robinson, Paul Newman, Laurence Harvey, Claire Bloom and William Shatner.

The Silver Chalice (film)

The Silver Chalice is a 1954 American historical epic film directed and produced by Victor Saville, based on Thomas B. Costain's 1952 novel of the same name. It was Saville's last film and marked the acting debut of Paul Newman; despite being nominated for a Golden Globe Award for his performance, Newman later called it "the worst motion picture produced during the 1950s".

The Verdict

The Verdict is a 1982 American legal drama film directed by Sidney Lumet and written by David Mamet from Barry Reed's novel of the same name. It stars Paul Newman, Charlotte Rampling, Jack Warden, James Mason, Milo O'Shea, and Lindsay Crouse. In the story, a down-on-his-luck alcoholic lawyer accepts a medical malpractice case to improve his own situation, but discovers along the way that he is doing the right thing.

The Verdict garnered critical acclaim and box office success. The film was nominated for five Academy Awards, including Best Actor in a Leading Role (Paul Newman), Best Actor in a Supporting Role (James Mason), Best Director (Sidney Lumet), Best Picture, and Best Adapted Screenplay (David Mamet).

Twilight (1998 film)

Twilight is a 1998 American thriller neo-noir film directed by Robert Benton, written by Benton and Richard Russo, and starring Paul Newman, Susan Sarandon, Gene Hackman, Reese Witherspoon, Stockard Channing, Jason Clarke and James Garner. The film's original score was composed by Elmer Bernstein.

Films directed by Paul Newman

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