Paul Henreid

Paul Henreid (10 January 1908 – 29 March 1992)[1] was an Austrian-born American actor and film director. He is best remembered for two roles: Victor Laszlo in Casablanca and Jerry Durrance in Now, Voyager, both released in 1942.

Paul Henreid
Paul Henreid - publicity
circa 1940s
Born
Paul Georg Julius Hernreid von Wasel Waldingau

10 January 1908
Died29 March 1992 (aged 84)
OccupationActor, director
Years active1933–1977
Spouse(s)Elizabeth "Lisl" Camilla Julia Gluck (1936–1992)
(his death) 2 children
Children2

Biography

Early life

Born Paul Georg Julius Hernried in the city of Trieste, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (now Italy), Henreid was the son of Maria-Luise (Lendecke) and Karl Alphons Hernried, a Viennese banker, born as Carl Hirsch, who converted in 1904 from Judaism to Roman Catholicism. Henreid's father died in April 1916,[2] and the family fortune had dwindled by the time he graduated from the exclusive Maria Theresianische Akademie.[3][4]

Early acting career

He trained for the theatre in Vienna, over his family's objections,[3] and debuted there on the stage under the direction of Max Reinhardt. He began his film career acting in German films in the 1930s.

He was strongly anti-Nazi, so much so that he was designated an "official enemy of the Third Reich".[4]

England

He played Prince Albert in the play Victoria Regina in 1937.[3] With the outbreak of World War II, Henreid risked deportation or internment as an enemy alien, but Conrad Veidt (his co-star as Major Heinrich Strasser in Casablanca) spoke for him, and he was allowed to remain and work in England's film industry. Veidt himself was an avowed anti-Nazi, with a Jewish wife.[5]

Henreid had a good supporting role in Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1939) and third billing as a German espionage agent in the thriller Night Train to Munich (1940). He also had a minor role in Under Your Hat (1940).

RKO

After relocating to the United States, Henreid had a successful New York theater run in Flight to the West,[6] He was put under contract by RKO in 1941. The studio changed his name from von Hernried to the simpler and less overtly Germanic Henreid. That year, Henreid became a citizen of the United States.[3]

His first film for the studio was Joan of Paris, which came out in 1942 and was a big hit.[7]

Warner Bros

At Warner Bros Henreid was cast in Now, Voyager (1942), playing the romantic lead opposite Bette Davis. Henreid's next role was as Victor Laszlo, a heroic anti-German resistance leader on the run, in Casablanca (1942) with Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman. Warners tried to consolidate Henreid's new status by co-starring him with Ida Lupino in a romantic drama, In Our Time (1944) then putting him in Between Two Worlds (1944), a remake of Outward Bound. The Conspirators (1944) was an attempt to repeat the success of Casablanca with Henreid fighting Nazis in an ostensible neutral city with a supporting cast that included Sydney Greenstreet and Peter Lorre.

Henreid played a pirate swashbuckler in RKO's The Spanish Main (1945). Back at Warners Henreid was cast in Devotion (1946) a biopic of the Bronte sisters in which Henreid played Arthur Bell Nicholls. He was cast opposite Eleanor Parker in an adaptation of Of Human Bondage (1946).

MGM then borrowed Henreid to play Robert Schumann in Song of Love (1947) opposite Katharine Hepburn.

Blacklisting

In his 1984 autobiography Ladies Man Henreid recounts that he was one of a group of Hollywood stars who went to Washington to protest the excesses of the House Committee on Un-American Activities, following which he was semi-blacklisted.[3]

After leaving Warner Bros. Henreid decided to turn producer, making the film noir Hollow Triumph (1948) in which he also appeared. He was a villain in a Burt Lancaster adventure film Rope of Sand (1949).

He made a low budget film for The Danzigers, So Young, So Bad (1950). He received an offer from Sam Katzman to play pirate Jean Lafitte in Last of the Buccaneers (1950).[8]

He went to France for Pardon My French (1951) then returned to Katzman for Thief of Damascus (1951). He directed and played the lead role in For Men Only (1952).

In England he made film noirs Stolen Face (1952) and Mantrap (1953), then went back to Katzman for Siren of Bagdad (1953).

Henreid had a minor role in Deep in My Heart (1954) at MGM, his first "A" film in a number of years. In 1955 he appeared in Pirates of Tripoli for Katzman, and Meet Me in Las Vegas for MGM. He also appeared on Broadway in the play Festival.[9]

Directing

In the early 1950s, Henreid began directing for both film and television. His television directorial credits include Alfred Hitchcock Presents, Maverick, Bonanza and The Big Valley.

He directed A Woman's Devotion (1956) in which he played a supporting role, Girls on the Loose (1958) and Live Fast, Die Young (1958).

He had small parts in Ten Thousand Bedrooms (1957), Holiday for Lovers (1959), Never So Few (1959), and Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1962).

In 1964, Henreid directed Dead Ringer, which starred Bette Davis and featured, in a minor role, the director's daughter, Monika.

Later film appearances included Operation Crossbow (1965), The Madwoman of Chaillot (1969), and The Failing of Raymond (1971). He was in Don Juan in Hell on Broadway in 1973,

His last screen appearance was in Exorcist II: The Heretic (1977).

Personal life and legacy

Paul Henreid Grave
Paul Henreid's grave at Woodlawn Cemetery in Santa Monica

Henreid married Elizabeth Camilla Julia "Lisl" Glück (1908–1993) in 1936; the couple adopted two daughters.

Henreid died on 29 March 1992 at the age of 84 of pneumonia in Santa Monica after suffering a stroke.[3] He was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery.

He has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, one (for film) at 6366 Hollywood Boulevard and the other (for television) at 1720 Vine Street.[1][10]

Complete filmography

As actor

As himself or narrator

As producer

As director

Film

Television

"Alfred Hitchcock Presents" TV series episode "Cell 227" (1960)

As writer

Music

Radio appearances

Year Program Episode/source
1946 Suspense "Angel of Death"[11]
1946 Suspense "No More Alice"[12]

Notes

  1. ^ Also the French version Dans la vie tout s'arrange (1952).

References

  1. ^ a b Paul Henreid - Hollywood Star Walk
  2. ^ Nationalbibliothek, Österreichische. "ANNO, Neue Freie Presse, 1916-04-25, Seite 13". anno.onb.ac.at (in German). Retrieved 2017-11-12.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Glenn Collins (3 April 1992). "Paul Henreid, Actor, Dies at 84; Resistance Hero in 'Casablanca'". The New York Times.
  4. ^ a b Burt A. Folkart (3 April 1992). "Paul Henreid, Who Gained Fame in 'Casablanca,' Dies". Los Angeles Times.
  5. ^ "Paul Henreid | Hollywood Walk of Fame". www.walkoffame.com. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  6. ^ "Flight to the West". Internet Broadway Database. as "Paul Hernried" (cast not verified)
  7. ^ "Paul Henreid". tcm.com. Turner Classic Movies, Inc. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  8. ^ Drama: Paul Henreid to Star as Pirate; Bel Geddes, Ball Both Stagebound Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 23 Feb 1950: A11.
  9. ^ League, The Broadway. "Festival – Broadway Play – Original | IBDB". www.ibdb.com. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  10. ^ Paul Henreid - Hollywood Walk of Fame
  11. ^ http://www.escape-suspense.com/2014/01/suspense-the-angel-of-death.html open access
  12. ^ http://radiogoldindex.com/cgi-local/p2.cgi?ProgramName=Suspense open access

External links

A Woman's Devotion

A Woman's Devotion (reissued as Battle Shock) is a 1956 American Trucolor film noir crime film directed by Paul Henreid starring Ralph Meeker, Janice Rule and Paul Henreid.Henreid later claimed the film was "absolutely ruined" by the studio. "It was a decent film, not a great film by any means... apparently they didn't understand the film at all and they cut essential parts."

Ballad in Blue

Ballad in Blue (originally titled Blues for Lovers) is a 1964 film starring R&B legend Ray Charles. The movie was the last of actor Paul Henreid's theatrical-film directorial efforts.

Dead Ringer (1964 film)

Dead Ringer (also known as Who Is Buried in My Grave?) is a 1964 American thriller film made by Warner Bros. It was directed by Paul Henreid from a screenplay by Oscar Millard and Albert Beich from the story La Otra by Rian James, previously filmed in a Mexican version starring Dolores del Río. The music score was by André Previn and the cinematography by Ernest Haller. The film stars Bette Davis, Karl Malden and Peter Lawford with Philip Carey, Jean Hagen, George Macready, Estelle Winwood, George Chandler and Cyril Delevanti.

The film marks the second time Davis played twin sisters, the first being in the 1946 film A Stolen Life. For this reason, Dead Ringer is sometimes mistakenly listed as a remake of A Stolen Life.

Deception (1946 film)

Deception is a 1946 film noir movie released by Warner Brothers, and directed by Irving Rapper. The film is based on the play Monsieur Lamberthier by Louis Verneuil. The screenplay was written by John Collier and Joseph Than. It stars Bette Davis, Paul Henreid, and Claude Rains who had also appeared together in the highly successful Now, Voyager (1942).

Girls on the Loose

Girls on the Loose is a 1958 American crime film noir directed by Paul Henreid and starring Mara Corday, Lita Milan and Barbara Bostock.

In Our Time (1944 film)

In Our Time is a 1944 romantic drama film set in the days leading up to World War II. It stars Ida Lupino and Paul Henreid.

Joan of Paris

Joan of Paris is a 1942 war film about five Royal Air Force pilots shot down over Nazi-occupied France during World War II and their attempt to escape to England. It stars Michèle Morgan and Paul Henreid, with Thomas Mitchell, Laird Cregar and May Robson in her last role.

Joan of Paris marked the U.S. screen debuts of Austrian Henreid and Frenchwoman Morgan. Henreid had previously appeared in some British-American co-productions made in England and had starred on Broadway in the play Flight to the West as Paul von Hernreid. When he was signed with RKO in 1942, the studio changed his surname, dropping the "von" and changing his last name to "Henreid", the name he used for the rest of his film career.Cregar was borrowed from 20th-Century Fox. Alan Ladd, who played one of the downed airmen, would soon become a star later that year. After his breakthrough starring role in This Gun for Hire (1942), Joan of Paris was re-released with Ladd more prominently featured.

Last of the Buccaneers

Last of the Buccaneers is a 1950 American Technicolor adventure film directed by Lew Landers and starring Paul Henreid as Jean Lafitte.

Live Fast, Die Young (film)

Live Fast, Die Young is a 1958 film noir crime film directed by Paul Henreid starring Mary Murphy, Norma Eberhardt, Mike Connors and Sheridan Comerate. Considered a cult film, promotional campaigns used the tagline "a sin-steeped story of the rise of the Beat Generation."It was also known as Seed of Violence. Troy Donahue was borrowed from Universal Pictures to play his role.

Mantrap (1953 film)

Mantrap, released in the United States as Man in Hiding, is a 1953 whodunit directed by Terence Fisher, starring Paul Henreid.

Now, Voyager

Now, Voyager is a 1942 American drama film starring Bette Davis, Paul Henreid, and Claude Rains, and directed by Irving Rapper. The screenplay by Casey Robinson is based on the 1941 novel of the same name by Olive Higgins Prouty.Prouty borrowed her title from the Walt Whitman poem "The Untold Want", which reads in its entirety,

The untold want by life and land ne'er granted,

Now, voyager, sail thou forth, to seek and find.

In 2007, Now, Voyager was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant." The film ranks #23 on AFI's 100 Years ... 100 Passions, a list of the top love stories in American cinema. Film critic Steven Jay Schneider suggests the film continues to be remembered due not only to its star power but also the "emotional crescendos" engendered in the storyline.

Pirates of Tripoli

Pirates of Tripoli is a 1955 American swashbuckler film starring Paul Henreid and Patricia Medina.

Rope of Sand

Rope of Sand is a 1949 adventure-suspense film noir produced by Hal Wallis, and directed by William Dieterle. Set in South West Africa, the film stars Wallis contract star Burt Lancaster and three stars from Wallis's Casablanca - Paul Henreid, Claude Rains, and Peter Lorre. The film introduces Corinne Calvet, and features Sam Jaffe, John Bromfield, and Kenny Washington in supporting roles. Desert portions of the film were shot in Yuma, Arizona.

Siren of Bagdad

Siren of Bagdad is a 1953 Technicolor fantasy adventure film produced by Sam Katzman and directed by Richard Quine set in the medieval Persian Empire. It stars Paul Henreid as a travelling Master magician who seeks to recover his troop of beautiful dancing girls who are to be sold into slavery. Patricia Medina portrays his love interest who seeks to overthrow the corrupt Grand Vizier with the magician's help.Hans Conried plays the sidekick to Quine's magician, who is transformed into a beautiful blonde woman who spies and distracts the Grand Vizier while retaining Conried's voice.

Song of Love (1947 film)

Song of Love is a 1947 biopic starring Katharine Hepburn, Paul Henreid, Robert Walker, and Leo G. Carroll, directed by Clarence Brown and released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

Hepburn plays Clara Wieck, Henreid plays Robert Schumann, Walker plays Johannes Brahms, and Henry Daniell plays Franz Liszt. The screenplay was co-authored by Ivan Tors, Irma von Cube, Allen Vincent, and Robert Ardrey, based on a play by Bernard Schubert and Mario Silva.

Stolen Face

Stolen Face is a 1952 British film noir directed by Terence Fisher and starring Paul Henreid, Lizabeth Scott and André Morell. It was made at Riverside Studios by Hammer Film Productions.

The Conspirators (1944 film)

The Conspirators (aka Give Me This Woman) is a 1944 American Film-noir, World War II, drama, spy film, thriller directed by Jean Negulesco. The film stars Hedy Lamarr and Paul Henreid, features Sydney Greenstreet and Peter Lorre in supporting roles and a cameo of Aurora Miranda singing a Fado. The Conspirators was first considered a reunion of the Casablanca (1942) stars, who were originally offered leading roles.

The Spanish Main

The Spanish Main (1945) is an adventure film starring Paul Henreid, Maureen O'Hara, Walter Slezak and Binnie Barnes, and directed by Frank Borzage. It was RKO's first all-Technicolor film since Becky Sharp ten years before.

Cinematographer George Barnes received an Academy Award nomination for Best Color Cinematography. Though a box office hit upon its first release, the film is chiefly remembered today for its lavish and intricate score by

Hanns Eisler.

Thief of Damascus

Thief of Damascus is a 1952 American Technicolor adventure film directed by Will Jason and starring Paul Henreid. The film features a generous use of stock footage from such films as Joan of Arc. The film, produced by Sam Katzman, was preceded by his The Magic Carpet and followed by Siren of Bagdad.

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