Paul Gervais

Paul Gervais full name François Louis Paul Gervaise (26 September 1816 – 10 February 1879) was a French palaeontologist and entomologist.

Paul Gervais
Paul Gervais
Paul Gervais
Born26 September 1816
Paris
Died10 February 1879 (aged 62)
NationalityFrench
CitizenshipParis France
Scientific career
Fieldspalaeontology
entomology
InstitutionsSorbonne
Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle
Dodo detail from Atlas de Zoologie
Head of a dodo, detail of illustration from Atlas de Zoologie, Paul Gervais, 1844

Biography

Gervais was born in Paris, where he obtained the diplomas of doctor of science and of medicine, and in 1835 he began palaeontological research as assistant in the laboratory of comparative anatomy at the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. In 1841 he obtained the chair of zoology and comparative anatomy at the Faculty of Sciences in Montpellier, of which he was in 1856 appointed dean. In 1848-1852 appeared his important work Zoologie et paléontologie françaises, supplementary to the palaeontological publications of Georges Cuvier and Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville; of this a second and greatly improved edition was issued in 1859. In 1865 he accepted the professorship of zoology at the Sorbonne, vacant through the death of Louis Pierre Gratiolet; this post he left in 1868 for the chair of comparative anatomy at the Paris museum of natural history, the anatomical collections of which were greatly enriched by his exertions. He died in Paris on 10 February 1879.[1]

According to Florentino Ameghino, Paul Gervais studied a fossil collection obtained from Juan Manuel de Rosas the governor of Buenos Aires. Earlier on, this collection would have been donated or donated-by-force to the Buenos Aires Province by Francisco Javier Muñiz.[2]

Legacy

Gervais is commemorated in the vernacular and scientific names of the following taxa:

Works

Apart from the works mentioned previously he also wrote:[1]

  • with Charles Athanase Walckenaer Histoire naturelle des insectes (4 vols., 1836-1847)
  • Zoologie et paléontologie françaises (1848-1852)
  • Histoire naturelle des Mammifères (1853)
  • Zoologie médicale (1859), mit Pierre-Joseph van Beneden
  • Recherches sur l'ancienneté de l'homme et la période quaternaire (1867)
  • Zoologie et Paléontologie générales (1867)
  • Ostéographie des cétacés vivants et fossiles (1869),with Pierre-Joseph van Beneden[1]

Species first described by Gervais

References

  1. ^ a b Chisholm 1911, p. 907.
  2. ^ Barquez, Rubén M.; Díaz, M. Mónica (2014). "History of mammalogy in Argentina". In Ortega, José; Martínez, José Luis; Tirira, Diego G. (eds.). Historia de la mastozoología en Latinoamérica, las Guayanas y el Caribe (PDF) (in Spanish). Editorial Murciélago Blanco y Asociación Ecuatoriana de Mastozoología. pp. 15–50. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  3. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Gervais", p. 100).
Atoposauridae

Atoposauridae is a family of crocodile-line archosaurs belonging to Neosuchia. Members of the family are known from Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous marine deposits in France, Portugal, and Bavaria in southern Germany.

Carphophis

Carphophis (common name worm snakes) is a genus of small colubrid snakes endemic to the United States. The genus consists of two species.

Dermanura

Dermanura is a genus of leaf-nosed bats.Genus Dermanura

Andersen's fruit-eating bat, Dermanura anderseni

Aztec fruit-eating bat, Dermanura azteca

Bogota fruit-eating bat, Dermanura bogotensis

Gervais's fruit-eating bat, Dermanura cinerea

Silver fruit-eating bat, Dermanura glauca

Gnome fruit-eating bat, Dermanura gnoma

Pygmy fruit-eating bat, Dermanura phaeotis

Dermanura rava

Rosenberg's fruit-eating bat, Dermanura rosenbergi

Toltec fruit-eating bat, Dermanura tolteca''

Thomas's fruit-eating bat, Dermanura watsoni

Dipodomyinae

Dipodomyinae is a subfamily of heteromyid rodents, the kangaroo rats and mice. Dipodomyines, as implied by both their common and scientific names, are bipedal; they also jump exceptionally well. Kangaroo rats and mice are native to desert and semidesert ecosystems of western North America from southern Canada to central Mexico. They are generally herbivorous foragers, and dig and live in burrows.

Gervais's fruit-eating bat

Gervais's fruit-eating bat (Dermanura cinerea) is a bat species from South America. It is found in Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, eastern Peru, Suriname and eastern Venezuela.

Gervais's funnel-eared bat

Gervais's funnel-eared bat (Nyctiellus lepidus) is a species of bat in the family Natalidae. It is monotypic within the genus Nyctiellus. It is found in Bahamas and Cuba.

Harmless serotine

The harmless serotine (Eptesicus innoxius) is a species of vesper bat. It is found in western Ecuador and northwestern Peru.

Histiotus

Histiotus is a genus of South American vesper bats with species that include:

Strange big-eared brown bat (Histiotus alienus)

Humboldt big-eared brown bat (Histiotus humboldti)

Thomas's big-eared brown bat (Histiotus laephotis)

Big-eared brown bat (Histiotus macrotus)

Southern big-eared brown bat (Histiotus magellanicus)

Small big-eared brown bat (Histiotus montanus)

Tropical big-eared brown bat (Histiotus velatus)Most species of Histiotus are rare in Paraguay, known only from a few records, they are not abundant or widespread, and have been collected for the first time only recently. Researchers have been able to collect many of the Histiotus at human dwellings or around domestic animals, due to the significant increase in human activity in the Paraguayan Chaco over the last 20 years.

Large rufous horseshoe bat

The large rufous horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus rufus) is a species of bat in the family Rhinolophidae. It is endemic to the Philippines.

Megalonychidae

Megalonychidae is a group of sloths including the extinct Megalonyx and the living two toed sloths. Megalonychids first appeared in the early Oligocene, about 35 million years ago, in southern Argentina (Patagonia), and spread as far as the Antilles by the early Miocene. Megalonychids first reached North America by island-hopping, about 9 million years ago, prior to the formation of the Isthmus of Panama. Some megalonychid lineages increased in size as time passed. The first species of these were small and may have been partly tree-dwelling, whereas the Pliocene (about 5 to 2 million years ago) species were already approximately half the size of the huge Late Pleistocene Megalonyx jeffersonii from the last ice age. Some West Indian island species were as small as a large cat; their dwarf condition typified both tropical adaptation and their restricted island environment. This small size also enabled them a degree of arboreality.Megalonychid ground sloths became extinct in North and South America around the end of the Pleistocene, and in the Antilles apparently by about 5000 BP, leaving two-toed tree sloths of genus Choloepus as the only surviving members of the family.

Mesosaurus

Mesosaurus (meaning "middle lizard") is an extinct genus of reptile from the Early Permian of southern Africa and South America. Along with it, the genera Brazilosaurus and Stereosternum, it is a member of the family Mesosauridae and the order Mesosauria. Mesosaurus was long thought to have been one of the first marine reptiles, although new data suggests that at least those of Uruguay inhabited a hypersaline water body, rather than a typical marine environment. In any case, it had many adaptations to a fully aquatic lifestyle. It is usually considered to have been anapsid, although Friedrich von Huene considered it to be a synapsid, and this hypothesis has been revived recently.

Microcavia

Microcavia (mountain cavies) is a genus of rodents in the family Caviidae. They are unique within their family in that their premolar teeth do not grow and replace the original deciduous cheek teeth until after the animal is born; in other genera this occurs in the womb.It contains three extant species:

Southern mountain cavy, M. australis

Andean mountain cavy, M. niata

Shipton's mountain cavy, M. shiptoniAt least nine fossil species have also been named, dating back to the mid Pliocene, although it is unclear how many of these are truly valid.

Oplosaurus

Oplosaurus (meaning "armed or weapon lizard" or "armoured lizard"; see below for discussion) was a genus of sauropod dinosaur from the Barremian-age Lower Cretaceous Wessex Formation of the Isle of Wight, England. It is known from a single tooth usually referred to the contemporaneous "wastebasket taxon" Pelorosaurus, although there is no solid evidence for this.

Promops

Promops is a genus of free-tailed bats.

Rick Gervais

Richard Paul Gervais (born November 4, 1959) is a former professional American football safety in the National Football League. He attended Stanford University. He played with the San Francisco 49ers from 1981 to 1983. He then started a business called KG Investment.

Small Asian sheath-tailed bat

The small Asian sheath-tailed bat (Emballonura alecto) is a species of sac-winged bat in the family Emballonuridae.

It is found in Borneo (Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia), Sulawesi, and the Philippines.

Stenodermatinae

Stenodermatinae is a large subfamily of bats in the family Phyllostomidae.

Tremarctos

Tremarctos is a genus of the family Ursidae, subfamily Tremarctinae endemic to Americas from the Pliocene to recent. The northern species, the Florida short-faced bear, was extinct 11 000 years ago. The sole living Tremarctos species is the South American spectacled bear.

White-bellied big-eared bat

The white-bellied big-eared bat (Micronycteris minuta) is a bat species from South and Central America.

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