Tebeau in 1893
|First baseman / Third baseman / Manager|
|Born: December 5, 1864|
St. Louis, Missouri
|Died: May 16, 1918 (aged 53)|
St. Louis, Missouri
|September 20, 1887, for the Chicago White Stockings|
|Last MLB appearance|
|June 12, 1900, for the St. Louis Cardinals|
|Runs batted in||735|
Patsy started his professional baseball career with the Western League's St. Joseph Reds in 1886. The following season, while playing for Denver of the WL, he had a .424 batting average in 94 games. Tebeau made his major league debut with the National League's Chicago White Stockings in September of that year. In 20 games with Chicago, he batted .162. He then played in the Western Association in 1888. In 1889, Tebeau joined the NL's Cleveland Spiders and batted .282. The following year, he was a player-manager for the Cleveland Infants of the Players' League. In 1891, Tebeau returned to the Spiders and was a player-manager for the team until 1898. His lowest batting average with the Spiders was .244 in 1892, and his highest was .329 in 1893. He never managed the Spiders to a first-place finish; the team was second in 1895 and 1896. In March 1899, the Spiders assigned Tebeau to the St. Louis Perfectos. He managed the team before quitting in the middle of the 1900 season.
In his 13-year MLB career, Tebeau played 1,167 games and batted .279 with 27 home runs and 735 runs batted in. His managing record was 726–583. He was known for verbally abusing umpires and opposing players, for which he was criticized by journalists.
After retiring from baseball, Tebeau ran a saloon in St. Louis. His wife left him, and in 1918, he committed suicide by shooting himself in the head.
The 1887 Chicago White Stockings season was the 16th season of the Chicago White Stockings franchise, the 12th in the National League and the 3rd at the first West Side Park. The White Stockings finished third in the National League with a record of 71–50.1890 Cleveland Infants season
The 1890 Cleveland Infants baseball team was a member of the short lived Players' League. They compiled a 55–75 record, finishing in seventh place. After the season, both the Infants and the league folded.1891 Cleveland Spiders season
The 1891 Cleveland Spiders season was a season in American baseball. They finished with a 65–74 record and a fifth-place finish in the National League.
The Spiders moved to a new ballpark in 1891. League Park was financed by Spiders owner Frank Robison, and it would be the team's home for the remainder of their existence. It would also be home to the Cleveland Indians.
The Spiders also had a new manager. Patsy Tebeau, the team's starting third baseman, was named manager midway through the season. He remained the Spiders manager until his contract was reassigned to the St. Louis Perfectos before the 1899 season.1892 Cleveland Spiders season
The 1892 Cleveland Spiders, led by star pitcher Cy Young, finished with a 92–56 overall record, second-best in the National League. In the first split season in Major League Baseball history, the Spiders finished in fifth place during the first half of the season, and in first place during the second half. After the season, they played against the first half champions, the Boston Beaneaters in the "World's Championship Series" which they lost (5–0–1).1893 Cleveland Spiders season
The 1893 Cleveland Spiders finished with a 73–55 record and a third-place finish in the National League.1894 Cleveland Spiders season
The 1894 Cleveland Spiders finished with a 68–61 record, good for sixth place in the National League.1895 Cleveland Spiders season
The 1895 Cleveland Spiders finished with an 84–46 record and a second-place finish in the National League. After the season they played the first-place Baltimore Orioles in the Temple Cup series, defeating them 4 games to 1.1896 Cleveland Spiders season
The 1896 Cleveland Spiders season was a season in American baseball. The team finished with an 80–48 record and a second-place finish in the National League. After the season they played the first-place Baltimore Orioles in the Temple Cup series. The same two teams had met the previous season, with the second-place Spiders beating the first-place Orioles 4 games to 1, but this year the results were reversed, as the Spiders were swept in four straight.1897 Cleveland Spiders season
The 1897 Cleveland Spiders finished with a 69–62 record and a fifth-place finish in the National League.1898 Cleveland Spiders season
The 1898 Cleveland Spiders finished with an 81–68 record, good for fifth place in the National League. After the season, the team's owners, Frank and Stanley Robison, additionally purchased the St. Louis Browns from Chris von der Ahe. Claiming disappointment in attendance in Cleveland, they transferred many of the Spiders' better players to the St. Louis team, which they renamed the Perfectos. The Spiders would fold after the 1899 season1899 St. Louis Perfectos season
The 1899 St. Louis Perfectos season was the team's 18th season in St. Louis, Missouri and the 8th season in the National League. The Perfectos went 84–67 during the season and finished 5th in the National League.This was the team's only season when they were named the Perfectos. The Robison brothers, who had just bought the team from original owner Chris von der Ahe, changed the colors to red, the name of the team to Perfectos, and the name of the ballpark to League Park. The red color proved so popular that fans and sportswriters began referring to the team by the shade of red, Cardinal. The next season the team officially became the Cardinals.
The team benefited from a large number of players who were transferred to the team from the Cleveland Spiders, which were also owned by the Robison brothers. This led to the Spiders compiling the worst season in MLB history, losing 134 games. However, the Perfectos wound up finishing only 5th. The pennant-winning Brooklyn Superbas, who finished 18½ games ahead of St. Louis, benefited from a similar arrangement, as Brooklyn's owners also owned the Baltimore Orioles, allowing them to also transfer their better players into one team. After the 1899 season, such arrangements were outlawed in the National League, and both the Spiders and Orioles were among four teams eliminated from the league.1900 St. Louis Cardinals season
The 1900 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 19th season in St. Louis, Missouri and the 9th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 65–75 during the season and finished 5th in the National League.Cleveland Infants
The Cleveland Infants were a one-year baseball team in the Players' League, a short-lived Major League that existed only for the 1890 season. Owned by Al Johnson, the Infants finished 1890, their lone season, with 55 wins and 75 losses. Their home games were played at Brotherhood Park.Cleveland Spiders all-time roster
The following is a list of players and who appeared in at least one game for the Cleveland Spiders franchise of Major League Baseball from 1887 through 1899. This includes both the Cleveland Blues of the American Association and the Cleveland Spiders of the National League. Players in bold are in the Baseball Hall of Fame.George Tebeau
George E. Tebeau (December 26, 1861 – February 4, 1923) was an outfielder in Major League Baseball who played between 1887 and 1895 for the Cincinnati Red Stockings (1887–1889) and Toledo Maumees (1890) of the American Association and with the Washington Senators (1894) and Cleveland Spiders (1894–1895) of the National League. Tebeau batted and threw right-handed. He was born in St. Louis, Missouri.
In a six-season career, Tebeau was a .269 hitter with 15 home runs and 311 runs batted in in 628 games played, including 623 hits, 96 doubles, 54 triples, 441 runs and 228 stolen bases.
Tebeau was the older brother of infielder Patsy Tebeau, who was his teammate while in Cleveland. Nicknamed "White Wings" for his speed, George played over 50 games at all three outfield positions and first base. One of his most productive seasons came in 1889 with Cincinnati, when he hit .252 and posted career-highs in stolen bases (61), RBI (70), runs (110), hits (110) and walks (69). He later became the owner of the Kansas City Blues American Association franchise.
Tebeau died in Denver, Colorado at the age of 61.List of Cleveland Spiders managers
The Cleveland Spiders were a Major League Baseball team that played in Cleveland, Ohio. They played in the American Association when it was considered a major league from 1887 through 1888 and in the National League from 1889 through 1899. From 1887 through 1888 the team was named the Cleveland Blues. During their time as a Major League team, the Spiders employed 7 managers. The duties of the team manager include team strategy and leadership on and off the field.The Spiders' first manager was Jimmy Williams, who managed the team as the Cleveland Blues in 1887 and the beginning of the 1888 season. Williams managed a total of 197 games for the team, winning just 59 against 136 losses for a winning percentage of .303. This low winning percentage would prove one of the best in team history.
After Tom Loftus, Gus Schmelz and Robert Leadley handled the managerial duties from the middle of the 1888 season though the middle of the 1891 season, first baseman Patsy Tebeau became the Spiders' player-manager 69 games into the 1891 season. Tebeau would manage the Spiders through the end of the 1898 season. Tebeau holds the Spiders' records for most games managed, with 1040, most wins as manager, with 579, most losses as manager, with 436, and highest winning percentage, with .570. Tebeau is in fact the only Spiders' manager to have won more games than he lost. In 1894 and 1895, Tebeau had the distinction of managing his brother George Tebeau, who played outfield and first base for the team.In 1899, third baseman Lave Cross became the Spiders' player-manager. The Spiders won just 8 of 38 games under Cross, for a winning percentage of just .211, before Cross was replaced as player-manager by second baseman Joe Quinn. The Spiders performed even more poorly under Quinn, winning just 12 games and losing 104, for a winning percentage of .103. The Spiders' 1899 record of 20 wins and 134 losses under Cross and Quinn is the worst in professional baseball history, and the team was dropped from the Major Leagues after the season.List of pre-World Series baseball champions
The modern World Series, the current championship series of Major League Baseball, began in 1903, and was established as an annual event in 1905. Before the formation of the American Association (AA), there were no playoff rounds—all championships went to the team with the best record at the end of the season. In the initial season of the National League (NL) in 1876, there was controversy as to which team was the champion: the Chicago White Stockings, who had the best overall record (52–14), or the St. Louis Brown Stockings (45–19), who were the only team to have a winning record against every other franchise in the league. The teams agreed to play a five-game "Championship of the West" series, won by St. Louis, 4 games to 1. Beginning in 1884, the championship series between the National League and the American Association were promoted and referred to as the "World's Championship Series" (WCS), or "World's Series" for short; however, they are not officially recognized by Major League Baseball as part of World Series history. Though early publications, such as Ernest Lanigan's Baseball Cyclopedia and Turkin and Thompson's Encyclopedia of Baseball, listed the 19th-century games on an equal basis with those of the 20th century, Sporting News publications about the World Series, which began in the 1920s, ignored the 19th-century games, as did most publications about the Series after 1960. Major League Baseball, in general, regards 19th-century events as a prologue to the modern era of baseball, which is defined by the emergence of the two present major leagues.
In the second year of the WCS, a dispute in the 1885 series concerned Game 2, which was forfeited by the St. Louis Browns when they pulled their team off the field protesting an umpiring decision. The managers, Cap Anson and Charles Comiskey, initially agreed to disregard the game. When St. Louis won the final game and an apparent 3–2 series championship, Chicago owner Albert Spalding overruled his manager and declared that he wanted the forfeit counted. The result of a tied WCS was that neither team got the prize money that had been posted by the owners before the series (and was returned to them after they both agreed it was a tie). Following the collapse of the AA in 1891, four of its clubs were admitted to the National League. The league championship was awarded in 1892 by a playoff between half-season champions. This scheme was abandoned after one season. Beginning in 1893—and continuing until divisional play was introduced in 1969—the pennant was awarded to the first-place club in the standings at the end of the season. For four seasons, the league champions played the runners-up in the postseason championship series called the Temple Cup. A second attempt at this format was the Chronicle-Telegraph Cup series in 1900.Louie Heilbroner
Louis "Louie" Heilbroner (July 4, 1861 – December 21, 1933) was a manager in Major League Baseball in the 1900 season, with the St. Louis Cardinals. In the middle of the 1900 season, Patsy Tebeau resigned as the Cardinals' manager and team president Frank Robison publicly offered the job to third baseman John McGraw who declined despite his boss' insistence. Robinson then gave the manager title to Heilbroner who was serving as his secretary and who had no particular baseball qualifications. By many accounts, the diminutive Heilbroner (4'9 or 1,44m) never imposed his authority and McGraw was the de facto manager of the team and this was candidly acknowledged by the team owners. After managing the last 50 games in 1900, Heilbroner was replaced by Patsy Donovan at the start of 1901. During his short stint as manager, Heilbroner led the Cardinals to 23 wins, 25 loses and 2 ties. He remained with the team as a business manager until 1908 and later served a two-year term (1912–1914) as president of the Central League.Heilbroner was also a pioneer in baseball statistics. In 1909, he founded Heilbroner's Baseball Bureau Service, the first commercial statistical bureau dedicated to baseball, and began publishing the Baseball Blue Book.He died on December 21, 1933 in Fort Wayne, Indiana.Pussy Tebeau
Charles Alston "Pussy" Tebeau (February 22, 1870 – March 25, 1950) was a right fielder in Major League Baseball who played briefly for the Cleveland Spiders during the 1895 season. Tebeau batted and threw right-handed. He was born in Worcester, Massachusetts.
Some report that he is the younger brother of George and Patsy Tebeau who also played in the major leagues, but that is unlikely. George and Patsy grew up in St. Louis while Charles was born and raised in Massachusetts.
Tebeau's major league career only lasted two games in July 1895 because he had already signed with the Portland club in the New England League but failed to report. The Cleveland Spiders picked up and used Tebeau without knowledge of this. Portland's manager Frank Leonard saw his name in the newspaper (referred to as C.A. Tebeau) with Cleveland and filed a complaint. Before signing with Portland, Tebeau played for Lowell in the New England Association.
In a two-game career, Tebeau was a .500 hitter (3-for-6) with three runs, one RBI, and one stolen base without home runs.
Tebeau died in Pittsfield, Massachusetts at the age of 80.