Patrick Joseph "Patsy" Donovan (March 16, 1865 – December 25, 1953) was an Irish-American right fielder and manager in Major League Baseball who played for several teams from 1890 to 1907, most notably the Pittsburgh Pirates.
He batted .300 lifetime and set a major league record for career games in right field, as well as retiring among the career leaders in total games (5th, 1813), assists (9th, 264) and double plays (5th, 69) as an outfielder. Donovan batted and threw left-handed.
|Right fielder / Manager|
|Born: March 16, 1865|
|Died: December 25, 1953 (aged 88)|
|April 19, 1890, for the Boston Beaneaters|
|Last MLB appearance|
|October 5, 1907, for the Brooklyn Superbas|
|Runs batted ins||738|
|Career highlights and awards|
Born in Queenstown, County Cork, Donovan established himself as the most successful Irish-born major leaguer. He broke into organized baseball in 1886 with the Lawrence, Massachusetts team in the New England League.
In 1888 and 1889, Donovan played outfield for the London Tecumsehs of the International Association at Tecumseh Park (today's Labatt Park) in London, Ontario, Canada, where, in his first season in 1888, he led the league in batting with a .359 batting average (according to the Donovan family Web site; however, the London Tecumsehs' official scorer C. J. Moorehead, in a 1903 copy of The London Advertiser, cited Donovan's 1888 batting average as .398), had 201 hits, scored 103 runs and stole 80 bases. His second season with the Tecumsehs was less successful due to a leg injury.
In 1890 he made his major league debut in the National League (NL) with the Boston Beaneaters, and moved to the Brooklyn Bridegrooms in midseason; it would be the only time in his career that he played for a league champion. In 1891 he played in the American Association (AA) for the Louisville Colonels and Washington Statesmen; he then returned to the NL in 1892, first with the Senators (the former Statesmen, who had joined the NL in a league merger) before going to the Pirates for most of the year.
Donovan starred with the Pirates from 1893 through 1899, notching six consecutive seasons batting .300 and serving as player-manager in 1897 and 1899. The team was sold late in 1899, during a time when the league was contracting from twelve teams to eight; new owner Barney Dreyfuss brought in Fred Clarke to be manager, with Donovan being sent to the Cardinals. He played for St. Louis from 1900–1903, sharing the league lead in stolen bases (45) in his first season, also managing the team in his last three seasons with them.
By the end of the 1903 season he ranked among the NL's top ten career leaders in hits and at bats, though he would drop from among the leaders before his playing career ended. His 64 career double plays in the NL ranked one behind Jimmy Ryan's league record. He then served as player-manager for the American League's Washington Senators in 1904, his last season as a regular.
In 1903, he broke Sam Thompson's major league record of 1401 games in right field; Willie Keeler passed him in 1906, before Donovan played his last several games and retired with a total of 1620. In 1906, he became manager of the Brooklyn Superbas, and made his last few playing appearances that year, along with one more game at the end of the 1907 season.
In a 17-season playing career, Donovan had 2246 hits, 1318 runs, 16 home runs and 736 runs batted in in 1821 games, along with 207 doubles and 75 triples. Donovan collected 302 stolen bases from 1890 to 1897, and 216 more after the statistic was revised to its modern definition in 1898.
Donovan joined the Boston Red Sox as a scout in 1909, and managed the team in 1910 and 1911. As a major league manager, he compiled a 684-879 record (.438) in 11 seasons. He was also instrumental in bringing Babe Ruth to the Sox in 1914 through his acquaintance with one of the Xaverian Brothers who coached Ruth at a Baltimore orphans' home. Later he went to the International League, where he led Buffalo to pennants in 1915 and 1916, and also managed Jersey City in 1921–22 and 1925–26.
In a 1930 old-timers' game at Braves Field in Boston, Donovan had a pinch hit single, at the age of 65. He finished out his career coaching High School baseball at Phillips Academy in Andover, where he coached the future 41st President, George H.W. Bush. Donovan died at the age of 88 in Lawrence, Massachusetts, on Christmas Day 1953, and is interred at St. Mary Cemetery in Lawrence.
In the Irish Baseball League, the annual award for best batter is named "The Patsy Donovan Batting Champion Award".
Events from the year 1865 in Ireland.1890 Brooklyn Bridegrooms season
The 1890 Brooklyn Bridegrooms left behind the American Association and joined the National League. They were able to win the league championship, becoming one of a select few teams to win championships in different leagues in back-to-back seasons.1897 Pittsburgh Pirates season
The 1897 Pittsburgh Pirates season was the 16th season of the Pittsburgh Pirates franchise; their 11th in the National League. The Pirates finished eighth in the league standings with a record of 60–71. The team that season wore white and brown uniforms at home and gray and brown on the road.1899 Pittsburgh Pirates season
The 1899 Pittsburgh Pirates season was the 18th season of the Pittsburgh Pirates franchise and their 13th in the National League. The Pirates finished seventh in the National League with a record of 76–73.1900 St. Louis Cardinals season
The 1900 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 19th season in St. Louis, Missouri and the 9th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 65–75 during the season and finished 5th in the National League.1901 Major League Baseball season
The 1901 Major League Baseball season, involved the inaugural season of the American League. The eight franchises that comprised the AL that year were the original Baltimore Orioles, the Boston Americans, the Chicago White Stockings, the Cleveland Blues, the Detroit Tigers, the original Milwaukee Brewers, the Philadelphia Athletics and the original Washington Senators.1901 St. Louis Cardinals season
The 1901 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 20th season in St. Louis, Missouri and the 10th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 76–64 during the season and finished 4th in the National League. It was the first time the Cardinals had finished in the top half of the standings since joining the National League.1902 St. Louis Cardinals season
The 1902 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 21st season in St. Louis, Missouri and its 11th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 56–78 during the season and finished 6th in the National League.1903 St. Louis Cardinals season
The 1903 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 22nd season in St. Louis, Missouri and the 12th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 43–94 during the season and finished 8th in the National League.1904 Washington Senators season
The 1904 Washington Senators won 38 games, lost 113, and finished in eighth place in the American League. They were managed by Malachi Kittridge and Patsy Donovan and played home games at National Park.1906 Brooklyn Superbas season
The 1906 Brooklyn Superbas saw Patsy Donovan take over as the team's manager. However, another poor season led to a fifth-place finish.1907 Brooklyn Superbas season
The 1907 Brooklyn Superbas finished in fifth place, with another losing season.1907 Major League Baseball season
The 1907 Major League Baseball season. The Chicago Cubs defeated the Detroit Tigers 4–0–1 to win the World Series.
The Philadelphia Phillies set a Major League record for the fewest at bats by a team in a season – 4,725.1908 Brooklyn Superbas season
The 1908 Brooklyn Superbas suffered through another poor season, finishing in seventh place. After the season, manager Patsy Donovan was fired. The club set a Major League record which still stands, for the fewest doubles by a team in a season, with only 110.1911 Boston Red Sox season
The 1911 Boston Red Sox season was the eleventh season in the franchise's Major League Baseball history. The Red Sox finished fourth in the American League (AL) with a record of 78 wins and 75 losses. This was the final season that the team played its home games at Huntington Avenue Grounds, before moving to Fenway Park.International Association for Professional Base Ball Players
The International Association of Professional Base Ball Players was the name for two separate Canadian-American baseball leagues that operated from 1877 through 1880 and also from 1888 until 1890. Some baseball historians consider the International Association the first minor league; others point out that the league was conceived as a rival to the National League, now thought of as the sole major league of the era.List of Los Angeles Dodgers managers
The Los Angeles Dodgers are a Major League Baseball team that plays in the National League Western Division. The Dodgers began play in 1884 as the Brooklyn Atlantics and have been known by seven nicknames since (including the Grays, Grooms, Superbas, and Robins), before adopting the Dodgers name for good in 1932. They played in Brooklyn, New York until their move to Los Angeles in 1958. During the teams existence, they have employed 32 different managers. The duties of the team manager include team strategy and leadership on and off the field.Louie Heilbroner
Louis "Louie" Heilbroner (July 4, 1861 – December 21, 1933) was a manager in Major League Baseball in the 1900 season, with the St. Louis Cardinals. In the middle of the 1900 season, Patsy Tebeau resigned as the Cardinals' manager and team president Frank Robison publicly offered the job to third baseman John McGraw who declined despite his boss' insistence. Robinson then gave the manager title to Heilbroner who was serving as his secretary and who had no particular baseball qualifications. By many accounts, the diminutive Heilbroner (4'9 or 1,44m) never imposed his authority and McGraw was the de facto manager of the team and this was candidly acknowledged by the team owners. After managing the last 50 games in 1900, Heilbroner was replaced by Patsy Donovan at the start of 1901. During his short stint as manager, Heilbroner led the Cardinals to 23 wins, 25 loses and 2 ties. He remained with the team as a business manager until 1908 and later served a two-year term (1912–1914) as president of the Central League.Heilbroner was also a pioneer in baseball statistics. In 1909, he founded Heilbroner's Baseball Bureau Service, the first commercial statistical bureau dedicated to baseball, and began publishing the Baseball Blue Book.He died on December 21, 1933 in Fort Wayne, Indiana.Malachi Kittridge
Malachi Jeddidiah Kittridge [or Kittredge] (October 12, 1869, Clinton, Massachusetts – June 23, 1928, Gary, Indiana) was a catcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Chicago Colts (1890–97), Louisville Colonels (1898–99), Washington Senators (NL) (1899), Boston Beaneaters (1901–03), Washington Senators (AL) (1903–06) and Cleveland Naps (1906). Kittridge batted and threw right-handed.
Kittridge was not a good hitter, but in his career, he was regarded as having one of the best throwing arms. In 1904 he was hired as player-manager of the American League Washington Senators, but he started off horrendously, going 1–16 (.059) before being replaced by Patsy Donovan. The Senators would finish 38–113 that season. He was traded to Cleveland in the middle of the 1906 season, but he would only have five more at-bats for the Naps before retiring from baseball.
Kittridge died in Gary, Indiana at age 58.