Patrick Sinclair

Lieutenant-General Patrick Sinclair (1736 – 31 January 1820) was a British Army officer and governor in North America. He is best remembered for overseeing the construction of Fort Mackinac on Mackinac Island in what was to become the U.S. state of Michigan.

Biography

Sinclair was born in Lybster, Scotland, and enlisted in the Army at about age 18. In 1758 he was commissioned Ensign in the 42nd Foot and was involved in the attack on Guadeloupe later that year.

By 1760, Sinclair was at Oswego, New York, where he was promoted Lieutenant, and involved in the Seven Years' War. His battalion were part of the force heading to attack Montreal under the command of Major-General Amherst. They captured a French brig near Fort Lévis and Sinclair was given command. After Amherst's force captured Fort Lévis in what became known as the Battle of the Thousand Islands, Sinclair was assigned to the area for the rest of Amherst's campaign. In 1761 he exchanged into the 15th Foot in order to stay in the area.

This contact with the Great Lakes attracted Sinclair and he was able to change his commission to serve on the lakes. He started out commanding ships on Lake Ontario but, in 1764, he was moved to the upper Great Lakes where he served until 1767. In 1767, he was removed from active service at Fort Sinclair, which he had built in 1764 under orders from Colonel John Bradstreet.

In 1769, he went to England on a recruiting trip and tried to be reassigned to the Great Lakes. He was promoted Captain in 1772, but retired to his home in Lybster at half-pay later the same year.

However, in 1775, his wish to return to the Great Lakes was granted with an appointment as Lieutenant-Governor and Superintendent of Michilimackinac. He was thwarted in taking up his post by unrest in the Thirteen Colonies and he reached his posting via Nova Scotia and Quebec in 1779. He almost immediately began to move Fort Michilimackinac and its community to Mackinac Island. There, after an extreme effort and large expense, Fort Mackinac was occupied in 1781. In 1781, Sinclair joined the 84th Foot. By 1782, when he was promoted Major, his expenses had come under investigation and he returned to Quebec to untangle his finances.

Sinclair was not able to clear up his problems but he was allowed to return to Lybster. He continued to work on clearing up unpaid bills and ended up in debtors' prison for a time. He never recovered financially and spent his remaining years on his estate drawing his half pay from the military and also from his time as Lieutenant-Governor of Michilimackinac.

In 1793 he was promoted Lieutenant-Colonel, in 1797 Colonel, in 1803 Major-General, and in 1810 Lieutenant-General.

As a private citizen, Sinclair acquired a large tract of land, which he called the Pinery, on the west bank of the St. Clair River in eastern Michigan. In 1780, Jean Baptiste Point du Sable, a prisoner at Fort Michilimackinac was the caretaker of the property. Du Sable and his wife, Kitiwaha, a Potawatomi Indian, oversaw the Pinery for four years, living in a cabin at the mouth of the Pine River in what is now the city of St. Clair, Michigan. Later in the 1780s, they became the original settlers of Chicago.

References

  • Armour, David A. (1983). "Sinclair, Patrick". In Halpenny, Francess G. Dictionary of Canadian Biography. V (1801–1820) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
BBC Programme Identifier

A BBC Programme Identifier (PID) is an alphanumeric, persistent, unique identifier for a television or radio programme brand, a season or series, or an individual episode, used by the BBC in their web URLs, iPlayer viewers, and internal databases.All PIDs consist of a lower-case letter, followed by seven or more other characters which may be lower case letters, or digits. Vowels (a, e, i, o, u) are not used, so that offensive words cannot be generated inadvertently. The first letter "b" means the content reference identifier (CRID) authority is Red Bee; a "p" means that the authority is the BBC's Programme Information Pages database, (PIPs). An "s" is used internally, for PIDs identifying partners and suppliers. Other sources, denoted by different opening letters, could potentially be introduced.

For example, the PID for the series The Life Scientific is b015sqc7 while the PID for the individual episode of that show first broadcast on 8 July 2014 is b048l0g3 which is used in its URL, http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b048l0g3.PIDs have been created retrospectively, for some programmes from the pre-digital era. An example, in the "p" range, is the PID for the 1956 Desert Island Discs episode featuring Ada Cherry Kearton, p009y95q.Most PIDs have eight characters, but in the past, some World Service programmes were given eleven-character PIDs, starting with "w"; an example is wcr5dr3dnl3.The BBC encourages viewers and listeners to machine tag media relating to programmes, on social sites such as Flickr, and their own blog posts, using the relevant PID, in the format bbc:programme=b048l0g3.PIDs are also used to identify BBC programmes, in Wikidata.

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The engagement took place at Fort Lévis (about one mile (1.6 km) downstream from the modern Ogdensburg–Prescott International Bridge), Pointe au Baril (present-day Maitland, Ontario), and the surrounding waters and islands. The small French garrison at Fort Lévis held the much larger British army at bay for over a week, managing to sink two British warships and to cripple a third. Their resistance delayed the British advance to Montreal from the west.

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The film, The Silver Darlings, from Neil Gunn's book, was shot here.

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Sir Patrick Dunbar, 3rd Baronet

Sir Patrick Dunbar, 3rd Baronet (c. 1676–1763), of Bowermadden, and Northfield, Caithness, was a Scottish politician who sat in the British House of Commons from 1727 to 1734.

Dunbar was the eldest son of Sir Robert Dunbar, 2nd Baronet, of Northfield and his wife Mary Sinclair, daughter of Patrick Sinclair of Ulbster, Caithness. He married Catherine Sinclair, daughter of William Sinclair of Dunbeath, Caithness, in 1697. She died and he married secondly Catherine Brodie, daughter of Joseph Brodie of Milntown, Moray in 1722.Dunbar was returned as Member of Parliament for the alternating seat of Caithness by John Sinclair of Ulbster, the hereditary sheriff, after a contest at the 1727 general election. He voted consistently with the Administration. There was no election at Caithness in 1734 but he was defeated at the 1741 general election.Dunbar succeeded to the baronetcy on the death of his father in 1742. He died on 5 April 1763. He had two sons by each of his marriages, but they all predeceased him. He had three daughters by his second marriage. He was succeeded by Sir Archibald Dunbar, 4th Baronet.

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St. Clair is a city in St. Clair County in the eastern "Thumb" of the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 5,485 at the 2010 census. The city is located on the St. Clair River near the southeast corner of St. Clair Township.

St. Clair County, Michigan

St. Clair County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan bordering the west bank of the St. Clair River. As of the 2010 census, the population was 163,040. It is the 13th-most populous county in the state. The county seat is Port Huron, located at the north end of the St. Clair River at Lake Huron. The county was created September 10, 1820, and its government was organized in 1821.Located northeast of Detroit, St. Clair County is part of the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area. Geographically, it lies in the Thumb area of eastern Michigan.

St. Clair Township, Michigan

St. Clair Township is a civil township of St. Clair County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 6,423 at the 2000 census with a projection of 6,842 in 2006. The city of St. Clair is located near the southeast corner of the township.

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