Paternò

Paternò (Sicilian: Patennò) is a southern Italian town and comune of the Metropolitan City of Catania, Sicily. With a population (2016) of 48,009,[3] it is the third municipality of the province after Catania and Acireale.

Paternò
Città di Paternò
Panorama Paternò 2
Coat of arms of Paternò

Coat of arms
Paternò within the Province of Catania
Paternò within the Province of Catania
Location of Paternò
Paternò is located in Italy
Paternò
Paternò
Location of Paternò in Italy
Paternò is located in Sicily
Paternò
Paternò
Paternò (Sicily)
Coordinates: 37°34′N 14°54′E / 37.567°N 14.900°ECoordinates: 37°34′N 14°54′E / 37.567°N 14.900°E
CountryItaly
RegionSicily
Metropolitan cityCatania (CT)
FrazioniSferro
Government
 • MayorNino Naso
Area
 • Total144.68 km2 (55.86 sq mi)
Elevation
225 m (738 ft)
Population
(2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total47,827
 • Density330/km2 (860/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Paternesi, Patornesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
95047
Dialing code095
Patron saintSanta Barbara and San Vincenzo Martyr
Saint dayDecember 4
WebsiteOfficial website

History

The site of Paternò was settled before 3500 BCE. Its inhabitants were probably the Sicani, although it was located in mainly Sicel territory; its initial name was Inessa. The modern name derives form the Greek Paeter Aitnaion, meaning the "Fortress of the Etnaeans". The presence of another town, called Hybla Mayor or Galeatis, is attested north west to the current town.

A centre of medium importance in the Greek and Roman eras, it was largely depopulated in the three centuries before 1000 AD; during the subsequent Arab domination of Sicily, it was known as Batarnù. After the Norman conquest in the 1040s, it was renamed Paternionis and began a period of flourishing. It was here that King Frederick III of Sicily created the Camera Reginale ("Queen's Chamber") as a wedding gift for his wife Eleanor of Anjou, and this was inherited by the subsequent Queens of Sicily. This period of splendour for Paternò lasted until the 15th century, when it became a fief and in consequence slowly lost importance.

Historically, the area around Paternò was plagued by malaria, caused by the marshlands of the Plain of Catania. This has since long been remedied, and the urban development of the town enjoyed a large acceleration in the 1960s and 1970s.

Geography

Paternò borders with the municipalities of Belpasso, Biancavilla, Catenanuova (EN), Centuripe (EN), Ragalna, Ramacca and Santa Maria di Licodia.[4] Its only hamlet (frazione) is the village of Sferro.[5]

Within Paterno there is a geologic feature named 'Salinelle', a place where small mud volcanoes emerge from cracks in the ground.[6] This area in which the Salinelle surfaces includes an archeological site currently uncovering evidence of Roman baths previously built on and thought to have used the Salinelle mud.

Main sights

  • The Norman Castle, built in 1072 by order of Roger I of Sicily.
  • Mother Church (Chiesa Madre di Santa Maria dell'Alto), built in 1342 and largely modified in the early 18th century. It is connected by a scenic staircase to the Porta del Borgo
  • San Francesco alla Collina (1346), with a church in Gothic style and remains of Baroque decorations.
  • Rococo church of Cristo al Monte.
  • Church of St.Catherine of Alexandria
  • Santa Maria della Valle di Iosaphat, commissioned in 1072 by Adelaide del Vasto, with a precious Gothic portal.
  • Associazione Culturale Paternesi.com, a cultural association born in November 2002, from an idea of Giorgio Ciancitto, to take care of the city of Paternò around the world.
  • The Paterno Salinelle site.
Scalinata matrice paterno
The steps of the Mother Church of Santa Maria dell'Alto.
Castello normanno paterno
The Norman Castle.

Transportation

Paternò is served by three state roads leading to Catania, Randazzo and Troina areas.

The tran station was originally used mostly for food transportation, and is not out of service. The main passenger station is part of the narrow gauge Ferrovia Circumetnea. The latter also provides a regular bus service to destination on the Catania-Adrano line.

Twin towns

References

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ a b (in Italian) Source: ISTAT 2016
  4. ^ 39262 Paternò on OpenStreetMap
  5. ^ 2209979969 Sferro on OpenStreetMap
  6. ^ Chisari, Mimmo. Paterno: the Pearl of the Simeto Valley. Paterno: Hibla Ink.

External links

2002–03 Serie C1

The 2002–03 Serie C1 was the twenty-fifth edition of Serie C1, the third highest league in the Italian football league system.

2003–04 Serie C1

The 2003–04 Serie C1 was the twenty-sixth edition of Serie C1, the third highest league in the Italian football league system.

A.S.D. Paternò 1908

Associazione Sportiva Dilettantistica Paternò 1908 is an Italian association football club located in Paternò, Sicily.

It currently plays in Eccellenza.

Alessandro Cavallaro

Alessandro Cavallaro (born 22 February 1980, in Paternò) is an Italian sprinter who specialized in the 200 metres.

Antonino Paternò Castello, Marchese di San Giuliano

Antonino Paternò Castello, Marchese di San Giuliano (Catania, 9 December 1852 – Rome, 16 October 1914), was an Italian diplomat and Minister of Foreign Affairs.

Castello Normanno (Paternò)

The Castello normanno ("Norman Castle") is a castle in Paternò, in the Province of Catania, Sicily, southern Italy.

Duke of Carcaci

Duke of Carcaci (Italian: Duca di Carcaci) (pron: "Car-catch-ee") is the a title in the Kingdom of Sicily, held by the head of one branch of the House of Paternò, a major Sicilian noble family, originally a cadet branch of the House of Barcelona-Aragona.

The estate of Carcaci, from which the dukedom and the branch is named, is situated in Sicily, 20 miles north-west of Catania (where survives the ducal palazzo), at the junction of the River Simeto and River Salso. It is thus situated about 15 miles west of the crater of Mount Etna. The first Duke of Carcaci was Don Vincenzo Paternò Castello (1681–1767) who in 1725 was created in Vienna a duke in the Kingdom of Sicily by Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Sicily.

Carcaci had become the seat of a feudal barony shortly after the Norman Conquest of Sicily in 1061, when the first castle was built on the site. The barony and estate was acquired by this branch of the Paternò family in 1719.

Emanuele Paternò

Emanuele Paternò di Sessa was an Italian chemist, discoverer of the Paternò–Büchi reaction.

Fabio Paternò

Fabio Paternò is Research Director and Head of the Laboratory on Human Interfaces in Information Systems at Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche in Pisa, Italy.

Francesco Coco

Francesco Coco (Italian pronunciation: [franˈtʃesko ˈkɔːko]; born 8 January 1977) is a retired Italian football defender. He has represented Italy at the 2002 FIFA World Cup.

Gerbini Airfield

Gerbini Airfield is a series of abandoned World War II military airfields in Paternò, Sicily, located 23 kilometres (14 mi) west of Catania, near the intersection of the A19 and SP24 highways. The airfields consisted of a series of flat agricultural fields, used for runways and parking areas. First used by German Luftwaffe forces during the Battle of Sicily, they were attacked on several occasions by United States Army Air Force Twelfth Air Force bomber aircraft. Later, they were seized by Allied ground forces and used by the USAAF during the battle. Army engineers compacted the earth and improved the field for use by light and medium bombers. Also a tent encampment was established for ground support and for station infrastructure. Twelfth Air Force units stationed at Gerbini were:

47th Bombardment Group, 20–24 August 1943, A-20 Havoc

12th Bombardment Group, 22 August-2 November 1943, B-25 Mitchell

60th Troop Carrier Group, 20 October 1943-5 March 1944, C-47 SkytrainWhen the C-47s moved out at the end of 1944, the airfield was dismantled and returned to its owners. A runway is still present, though the cement is broken up in many places by weeds. The outline of the runway is visible on Google satellite view.

Giovanni Galloni

Giovanni Galloni (16 June 1927 – 23 April 2018) was an Italian politician, former Minister of Education and former Vicepresident of the High Council of the Judiciary.

Hybla Gereatis

Hybla Gereatis (Greek: Ὕβλα ἡ Γελεᾶτις), is the name of an ancient city of Sicily, located on the southern slope of Mount Etna, not far from the river Symaethus, in the modern comune of Paternò. There were at least three (and possibly as many as five) cities named "Hybla" in ancient accounts of Sicily which are often confounded with each other, and which it is sometimes very difficult to distinguish.Hybla Gereatis has been described as the largest and most considerable of the Sicilian cities called Hybla, thence equated with Hybla Major or Magna.Pausanias (in whose time it had ceased to be an independent city) described the city as situated in the territory of Catana (modern Catania). In like manner, we find it noticed by Thucydides as a place between Catana and Centuripa (modern Centuripe), so that the Athenians, on their return from an expedition to the latter city, ravaged the corn fields of the Inessaeans and Hyblaeans. It was clearly a Siculian city; and hence, at an earlier period, it is mentioned among the other towns of that people in the interior of the island which Ducetius sought to unite into a common league, a measure to which the Hyblaeans alone refused to accede. It is quite clear that, in all the above passages, the Aetnaean Hybla is the one meant: and it seems probable that the city of Hybla, which was attacked by the Athenians soon after their landing in Sicily (Thuc. vi. 62), but without success, was no other, but only Thucydides distinguishes the Hybla as Hybla Geleatis (Ὕβλα ἡ Γελεᾶτις)During the Second Punic War, Livy mentions Hybla as one of the towns that were induced to revolt to the Carthaginians in 211 BCE, but were quickly recovered by the Roman praetor M. Cornelius. In the time of Cicero the Hyblenses (evidently the people of the Aetnaean city) appear as a considerable municipal community, with a territory fertile in corn: and Hybla is one of the few places in the interior of Sicily which Pomponius Mela thinks worthy of mention. Its name is also found both in Pliny, who reckons it among the populi stipendiarii of the island, and in Ptolemy. Hence it is strange that Pausanias appears to speak of it as in his time utterly desolate. The passage, however, is altogether so confused that it is very difficult to say of which Hybla he is there speaking. We find no later notice of it, though an inscription of Christian times found at Catana appears to refer to Hybla as still existing under its ancient name.The site, as suggested by Cluverius, at Paternò (about 20 km from Catania), and derives strong confirmation from the discovery in that city of an altar dedicated Veneri Victrici Hyblensi. There is much confounding of this city with that of Aetna.

Ignazio La Russa

Ignazio Benito Maria La Russa (born 18 July 1947 in Paternò, Catania, Sicily) is an Italian politician. He was Minister of Defence in the fourth cabinet of Silvio Berlusconi. He is the Vice President of the Senate of the Republic in the XVIII Legislature (2018–today).

On 11 May 2008, he became acting president of Gianfranco Fini's National Alliance (AN), which, on 29 March 2009, merged into Silvio Berlusconi's party The People of Freedom (PdL). He was one of the three (with Sandro Bondi and Denis Verdini, two former member of the historical FI) national coordinators of the PdL until 17 December 2012 when he launched his own National Centre-right (CN) party that in the 2013 general elections joined Brothers of Italy (FdI) of Giorgia Meloni (former member of MSI-AN-PdL) and Guido Crosetto (former member of DC-FI-PdL). From 4 April 2013 to 8 March 2018 La Russa was the President of Brothers of Italy (FdI).

Luca Parmitano

Luca Parmitano (born 27 September 1976 in Paternò, Sicily) is an Italian engineer and astronaut in the European Astronaut Corps for the European Space Agency (ESA). The astronauts work on missions at the International Space Station. He was selected as an ESA astronaut in May 2009.

Parmitano is also a Lieutenant Colonel and pilot for the Italian Air Force. Parmitano is the youngest astronaut to undertake a long-duration mission, at 36 years and eight months old on the launch day of his mission.

Palazzo Biscari

Palazzo Biscari is a private palace in Catania, Sicily, southern Italy.

It was built by will of the Paternò Castello family, the princes of Biscari, starting from the late 17th century, lasting for much of the following century, after the devastations of the 11 January 1693 earthquake. The new palace was built directly against the city walls (Charles V's walls), which had partially withstood the earthquake.

The oldest section was built under Ignazio, third prince of Biscari, who entrusted the project to architect Alonzo Di Benedetto. Ignazio's son, Vincenzo, commissioned the decoration of the seven large windows facing the seaside, by the Messinese sculptor Antonino Amato. Later the palace was modified under the fourth Prince, Ignazio Paternò Castello, who had it enlarged eastwards under design by Giuseppe Palazzotto and, later, by Francesco Battaglia. The building was finished in 1763 and inaugurated with big celebrations.

The palace is accessed through a large portal facing via Museo Biscari, leading to the inner courtyard, which features a large double staircase. In the interior is the "Feasts Hall", in Roccoco style, with a complex decoration of mirrors, stuccoes and frescos painted by Matteo Desiderato and Sebastiano Lo Monaco. The small dome, destined to the orchestra, has a fresco depicting the glories of the Paternò Castello di Biscari family. It is accessed through a staircase decorated in stucco within the gallery facing the sea.

Among the other rooms are the "Fief Room", featuring large canvasses of the Biscari feudataries; the "Princess Apartments", built by Ignazio V of Biscari for his wife, with pavements of ancient Roman marbles; the "Birds Gallery" and the "Don Quixote Room". There is also a museum, once housing the collection of Ignazio V, most of the material of which is now in the Castello Ursino in Catania.

Paternò–Büchi reaction

The Paternò–Büchi reaction, named after Emanuele Paternò and George Büchi who established its basic utility and form, is a photochemical reaction that forms four-membered oxetane rings from a carbonyl and an alkene.

With substrates benzaldehyde and 2-methyl-2-butene the reaction product is a mixture of structural isomers:

Another substrate set is benzaldehyde and furan

Ramacca

Ramacca [raˈmakka] is a comune (municipality) in a mountainous area in the Metropolitan City of Catania in the Italian region of Sicily, located about 140 kilometres (87 mi) southeast of Palermo and about 35 kilometres (22 mi) southwest of Catania. It lies west of the Plain of Catania.

Ramacca borders the following municipalities: Agira, Aidone, Assoro, Belpasso, Castel di Judica, Lentini, Mineo, Palagonia, Paternò, Raddusa.

Its name derives from the Arabic Rahal Mohac which means Hamlet of Mohac.

Ramacca is home to the Sagra del Carciofo, which is an artichoke festival held every April. The economy of Ramacca is largely based on the cultivation of artichokes.

Rosolino Paternò, soldato...

Rosolino Paternò, soldato... (also known as Operation Snafu and Situation Normal: A.F.U) is a 1970 Italian comedy film. The film stars Martin Landau, Jason Robards, and Peter Falk. In the title role is Nino Manfredi.

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