Pasay, officially the City of Pasay, (Tagalog: Lungsod ng Pasay), or simply known as Pasay City, is a 1st class highly urbanized city in Metro Manila, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 416,522 people.
Due to its location just south of the City of Manila, Pasay quickly became an urban town during the American colonial period.
|City of Pasay|
Aerial view of Pasay
The Travel City
Aim High Pasay!
|Anthem: Pasay, Mabuhay Ka!|
Map of Metro Manila with Pasay highlighted
|Region||National Capital Region (NCR)|
|Province||none (Former part of Rizal province until 1975)|
|Founded||December 2, 1863|
|Cityhood||June 21, 1947 (city)|
|Highly urbanized city||December 22, 1979|
|Barangays||201 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Panlungsod|
|• Mayor||Antonino Calixto|
|• Vice Mayor||Noel del Rosario|
|• Congressman||Imelda Calixto Rubiano|
|• Electorate||253,824 voters (2016)|
|• Total||13.97 km2 (5.39 sq mi)|
|• Density||30,000/km2 (77,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)2|
|Climate type||Tropical monsoon climate|
|Income class||1st city income class|
|Revenue (₱)||3,535,557,082.79 (2016)|
In local folk history about the period before the arrival of Spanish colonizers, Pasay is said to have been part of Namayan (sometimes also called Sapa), a confederation of barangays which supposedly controlled territory stretching from Manila Bay to Laguna de Bay, and which, upon the arrival of the Spanish, eventually became known as Sta. Ana de Sapa (modern day Santa Ana, Manila). According to these legends, the ruler of Namayan bequeathed his territories in what is now Culi-culi, Pasay, and Baclaran to one of his sons, named Pasay, explaining the origin of the name.
Of the many religious orders that came, it was the Augustinian Order who would figure predominantly in the evangelisation of Pasay. The parish of Pasay was governed from the old Namayan capital, since renamed Sta. Ana de Sapa, which was under the jurisdiction of the Franciscans. The promise of space in Heaven prompted early native converts to donate their possessions to the Church, with folklore recounting how a baptized Pasay on her deathbed donated her vast estate to the Augustinians. Most of Pasay went to friar's hands either via donation or by purchase; many natives were also forced to divest of their properties to cope with stringent colonial impositions. In 1727, the Augustinians formally took over Pasay and attached it to the Parish of Nuestra Señora de los Remedios in Malate. In that year, Pasay was renamed "Pineda" in honour of Don Cornelio Pineda, a Spanish horticulturist.
In 1862, a number of prominent citizens of Pasay sent a petition to the civil and ecclesiastical authorities asking that they be allowed to manage their own political and religious affairs. On December 2, 1863, Pasay became a pueblo upon the recommendation of the Archbishop of Manila, Gregorio Melitón Martínez Santa Cruz.
Pasay produced numerous heroes during the Philippine Revolution. The Katipunan, the organization founded by Andrés Bonifacio that spearheaded the revolution, had a chapter in Pineda organized by Pascual Villanueva, Jacinto Ignacio, and Valentin Ignacio. Several women also fought for the cause of the Katipunan including Marcela Marcelo. The execution of José Rizal, who authored the novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo (considered seditious by the colonial government) on December 30, 1896, fanned the flames of the Revolution.
General Emilio Aguinaldo meanwhile declared the independence of the First Philippine Republic on June 12, 1898, and issued decrees providing political reorganization in the country. With this, Don Catalino became Pasay's first Presidente municipal (equivalent to today's Mayor).
Pineda was made the command outpost of the Primera Zona de Manila under Gen. Mariano Noriel, but Gen. Merritt appealed that the Pineda outpost turned over to the Americans so that they could be closer to the Spanish lines. Thinking Americans were allies, Noriel left Pineda on July 29, allowing American General Greene to transfer. When Intramuros was finally captured, the Filipinos were denied entry to the walled city. Since then, tension simmered between Filipino and American troops, with both sides assigned respective zones but neither observed boundary lines. On the night of February 4, 1899, four Filipinos crossed the American line in Santa Mesa, Manila, and shots were exchanged, triggering the Philippine–American War.
On May 19, 1899, General Noriel was given command again of Pineda. In June, Noriel together with General Ricarte almost defeated the American forces had they exploited the exhaustion of the enemy in the Battle of Las Piñas. Instead, their forces were attacked by American reinforcements and bombarded by warships. The assault forced them to abandon Pineda to occupation by American forces.
On June 1, 1901, Pineda was incorporated into the Province of Rizal. Antonio Dancel was appointed a provincial governor and Pascual Villanueva as municipal president. On August 4, 1901, a resolution was passed petitioning that the original name of Pasay be returned. On September 6, 1901, the Philippine Commission, acting on the request of the townsfolk, passed Act No. 227 renaming Pineda back to Pasay. Two years later, on October 12, 1903, Act No. 942 merged Pasay with the southern municipality of Malibay, expanding its territory. With a population of 8,100 in 1903, Pasay was placed under the fourth-class category together with 9 other municipalities.
Friar lands, then nationalized, were turned into subdivisions. Soon the Pasay Real Estate Company offered friar lands as residential lots for sale or for lease to foreign investors. Postal, telegraph, and telephone lines were installed and branches of Philippine Savings Bank were established. In 1907 a first-class road from Pasay to Camp Nichols was completed. Others were repaired including the old Avenida Mexico now called the Taft Avenue extension. Transportation services improved. Among the first buses plying routes to Pasay were Pasay Transportation, Raymundo Transportation, Try-tran, and Halili Transit.
By 1908, Meralco tranvia (electric tram car) lines linked Pasay to Intramuros, Escolta, San Miguel, San Sebastian, and San Juan. Automobiles took to the streets, testing their maximum 20KPH speed on Taft Avenue. Marvel after marvel continued to fascinate the Pasayeños. On April 11, 1914, Pasay entered the Aviation Age, when Ms. Cora Wong, a nurse at the Chinese General Hospital, became the first woman in the Philippines to fly as a passenger on a flight with Tom Gunn in a Curtiss seaplane off Pasay Beach. Real estate was cheap. Much of the bayside area beyond Luneta was swamp but American ex-soldiers were quick to seize the opportunity to develop it for residential purposes. By 1918, Pasay had a population of 18,697 because of the exodus of prominent Filipino families and government officials to this seaside town including future president Manuel L. Quezon. By the 1930s, the former rural town had become a suburb of the capital city.
World War II came and on December 26, 1941, McArthur issued a proclamation declaring Manila and its suburbs (Caloocan, Quezon City, San Juan, Mandaluyong, Makati, and Pasay) an open city. On New Year's Day, 1942 Quezon, while in Corregidor, called his secretary Jorge Vargas and appointed him by executive order "the Mayor of Greater Manila" which included Pasay. The mayor of Pasay was then Rufino Mateo, governing a town of more than 55,161. During the WWII many Pasayeños joined in the fight against the Japanese. Jose P. Maibag, born and bred in Pasay, laid out underground networking. Carlos Mendoza, a resident of Barrio San Roque, together with 14 others, formed a mobile broadcasting station called "The Voice of Juan dela Cruz." Unfortunately on July 11, 1942, Japanese military police pounced the group. Carling Mendoza, alias Juan de la Cruz" and other members of the group were brought to the old Bilibid Prison and suffered the kind of torture they talked about on the radio.
Pasay had to redo the signs all over town, with Tagalog was ordered to prevail over English. The national language became a core subject in the secondary school curriculum. Nippongo was taught in all levels. Pasay was to prepare for the Second Republic. On October 14, 1943, Japan proclaimed the Second Philippine Republic. Meantime, food had become so scarce that prices soared. Pasay residents began to move away from the city. In October 1944, word came that Gen. MacArthur had landed in Leyte. In the middle of February up to early March 1945, Pasay suffered enormous damage during the month-long Battle of Manila, and many residents perished either by the Japanese or friendly fire from the combined Filipino and American forces.
On February 27, 1945, General MacArthur turned over the government to President Sergio Osmeña. One of Osmeña's first acts was to dissolve the Greater Manila Complex. Caloocan, San Juan, Mandaluyong, Makati, Pasay, and Paranaque were returned to their original province of Rizal. He then appointed Juan S. Salcedo, born in Pasay in 1904, as Director of Philippine Health, and then as executive officer of the Philippine Rehabilitation Administration in charge of national recovery from the devastation wrought by the Japanese occupation. Osmeña appointed Adolfo Santos as prewar vice mayor of Pasay, in place of incumbent Moises San Juan who died during the war.
Ignacio Santos Diaz, a congressman from the first district of Pasay, pushed for the conversion of the town into a city and it to be named after Rizal. Republic Act No. 183 was signed into law by President Roxas on June 21, 1947, officially establishing Rizal City, with Mateo Rufino as Mayor and a population of 88,738. As of June 1948, the city had revenues of P472,835. There was just one hitch; the residents could not get themselves to call their city by its new name. After two years, eight months, and twelve days of trying, the force of habit continued to prevail. Pasay Congressman Eulogio Rodriguez, Jr. filed a bill returning the city to its original name. On May 3, 1950, President Elpidio Quirino, once a resident of Pasay himself, signed into law Republic Act No. 437, which changed the name of Rizal City to Pasay City.
It was also in the 1940s when houses of faith started rising in different parts of Pasay to help people heal their bruised souls. Among them was the Church of Our Lady of Sorrows, the Libreria de San Pablo Catholic Women's League, Caritas, the nutrition center, and the grotto of Our Lady of Lourdes. In 1951, two parishes were established -the Parish of San Isidro Labrador and the Parish of San Rafael. On June 14, 1955, Pasay City regained its power to choose its leader. Pablo Cuneta ran against one-time Mayor Adolfo Santos and became the city's first elected mayor. In 1959, he campaigned again and won against his former vice mayor, Ruperto Galvez. On December 30, 1965, Ferdinand E. Marcos occupied Malacañang Palace as the new President of the Philippines, with Fernando Lopez, a resident of Pasay, as Vice-President. From that moment Imelda Romualdez Marcos became involved in national affairs. On the northern boundary of Pasay, she started filling the waterfront on Manila Bay to build the Cultural Center which was a world-class arts complex. She would add three more architectural showpieces on reclaimed land in Pasay: the Folk Arts, Film Center, and the Convention Center.
In 1967, Jovito Claudio won for the mayoralty race against Pablo Cuneta. In the following year, an assassination attempt occurred in Pasay when a Bolivian surrealist painter lunged at Pope Paul VI, with a knife grazing his chest. In 1971, Cuneta was re-elected as mayor.
On December 7, 1972, almost two months after martial law was declared, an assassin tried to kill Imelda Marcos. The event took place in Pasay, on live television, while Mrs. Marcos was distributing prizes to the winners of the National Beautification and Cleanliness contest. She suffered some wounds and broken nails but on the whole, she emerged unscathed from that close encounter. On the second anniversary of martial law, Marcos issued Presidential Decree No. 557, returning to every barrio in the country the barangays. Not long after the decree had been put into effect, the Metropolitan Manila Commission and the Department of Local Government instructed Pasay to create its own barangays. Mayor Cuneta, in response, ordered the creation of 487 barangays. Upon the firm suggestion of Secretary Jose Roño of the Department of Local Government, the number of barangays was cut down to two hundred.
On November 7, 1975, Marcos appointed the First Lady, Imelda, as governor of Metro Manila. The federation consolidated 13 towns and 4 cities including Pasay, which was removed from Rizal Province.
Pasay was the host city of Miss Universe 1974, the first time this event had been held in the morning and in the Asia Pacific, and thus was in the international spotlight in the leadup to the pageant day.
The situation changed in the city in the immediate aftermath of the People Power Revolution. Cuneta left his post to be replaced by two acting mayors, Eduardo Calixto and Norman Urbina, only to be reelected in 1988 and serving for three more terms, before handing over to Jovito O. Claudio in 1998. Upon the end of his term, he was the city's longest ever city mayor. Claudio, himself replaced by the then vice mayor Wenceslao "Peewee" Trinidad in 2000, saw the building of the Manila Metro Rail Transit System Line 3 southern terminus in the city, and the Pasay City General Hospital and NAIA Terminal 2 were both opened to the public.
In 2006 the SM Mall of Asia, the 4th biggest overall in the country, was opened. 2 years later, the NAIA Terminal 3 opened its doors in July 2008.
Pasay City covers a total land area of 18.64 square kilometres (7.20 sq mi), making it the third smallest political subdivision in the National Capital Region and fourth in the whole country. It borders City of Manila to the north, Parañaque to the south, Makati and Taguig to the northeast, and Manila Bay to the west. The city can be divided into three distinct areas: the city's urban area with an area of 5.505 square kilometres (2.125 sq mi); the Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA) complex, which includes the Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) and the Villamor Airbase, with an area of 9.5 square kilometres (3.7 sq mi); and the reclaimed land from Manila Bay with an area of 4.00 square kilometres (1.54 sq mi).
Pasay is composed of seven districts, subdivided into 20 zones, with a total of 201 barangays. The barangays do not have names but are only designated with sequential numbers. The largest zone, with an area of 5.10 square kilometres (1.97 sq mi), is Zone 19, which covers barangays 178 and 191. The smallest zone with an area of 10 hectares (25 acres) is Zone 1, covering Barangays 1 to 3 and 14 to 17.
|Climate data for Pasay (Ninoy Aquino International Airport) 1981–2010, extremes 1947–2012|
|Record high °C (°F)||35.8
|Average high °C (°F)||30.2
|Daily mean °C (°F)||26.1
|Average low °C (°F)||22.0
|Record low °C (°F)||14.8
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||6.8
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)||2||1||1||1||6||14||16||19||16||14||8||3||101|
|Average relative humidity (%)||75||72||68||67||72||77||81||83||83||80||78||76||76|
|Population census of Pasay|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
Philippine Airlines is headquartered in the Philippine National Bank Financial Center beside the World Trade Center Manila in Pasay City. Spirit of Manila Airlines has its headquarters in Roxas Sea Front Garden in Pasay City. PAL Express, Cebu Pacific, Air Juan, Interisland Airlines have their headquarters on the grounds of Ninoy Aquino International Airport and in Pasay City. Oishi (Liwayway), a snack company, also has its headquarters in Pasay.
National government offices found in Pasay include: Office of the Vice-President of the Philippines, Senate of the Philippines, Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA), Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines, Civil Aeronautics Board, Manila International Airport Authority, the Philippine Department of Trade and Industry's export promotions agency – the Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions (CITEM) – located in the International Trade Complex's Golden Shell Pavilion, and the Overseas Workers Welfare Administration (OWWA), Office for Transportation Security (OTS). The main office of the Philippine National Bank is located in the city.
Elected officials (2016-2019):
The city is one of the two cities Ninoy Aquino International Airport is located in, along with Parañaque City. Terminals 2, 3 and 4 are located in Pasay City. Villamor Airbase of the Philippine Air Force is also located here.
Pasay City is served by several highways and major thoroughfares. Epifanio delos Santos Avenue (EDSA), Roxas Boulevard, Gil Puyat Avenue (Buendia Avenue) and Taft Avenue function as the city's main thoroughfares. Secondary thoroughfares include Andrews Avenue, Antonio Arnaiz Avenue (formerly known as Libertad Street within Pasay), Diosdado Macapagal Boulevard, Ninoy Aquino Avenue and NAIA Road (MIA Road).
Three expressways serve Pasay and other parts of Metro Manila and Calabarzon; Metro Manila Skyway, an elevated expressway which is a component of Radial Road 3 (R-3) and Asian Highway 26 (AH26), passes on and serves as the Pasay-Taguig boundary. South Luzon Expressway, commonly called as SLEX and also components of Radial Road 3 and Asian Highway 26, follows a similar route with the Metro Manila Skyway, but runs directly below it, on tbe ground. NAIA Expressway, an elevated tolled expressway, serves Terminals 2 and 3 of the Ninoy Aquino International Airport, and fully opened in December 2016.
Jeepneys ply the city's arterial roads, and serve the city's populated areas and nearby cities.
Buses provide city (commuter) and provincial (intercity) operation on Pasay. Provincial bus terminals are mostly found near the Gil Puyat LRT Station, and a new terminal, the Southwest Provincial Bus Terminal, is found in HK Sun Plaza, on Macapagal Boulevard.
This city is served by two railway lines, the LRT Line 1 and MRT Line 3. LRT 1 has four stations in Pasay, namely Gil Puyat (Buendia), Libertad, EDSA, Baclaran, and its depot is located along Airport Road. MRT-3 has only one station, named Taft Avenue, which serves as an interchange with LRT-1.
Tricycles and pedicabs serves the barangays. Multicab services connect SM Mall of Asia with Baclaran in Parañaque, Pasay Rotonda, and Cash N' Carry in Makati. Vans also provide service throughout the city and to other destinations in Metro Manila.
On the list of largest running events in the world, based on the number of participants a record 209,000 registered running enthusiasts participated in 2012 Kahit Isang Araw Lang: Unity Run which started and ended at the SM Mall of Asia grounds in Pasay City.
The second edition of the race surpassed the Guinness World record of 116,086 participants posted in the Run for Pasig River on Oct 10, 2010.
The Department of Education (DepEd) Division of City Schools – Pasay operates 18 public elementary schools and 8 high schools, and operations are divided into four districts: Pasay North, Pasay East, Pasay South, and Pasay South. Special education is provided by the Philippine School for the Deaf and Philippine National School for the Blind, Pasay City SPED Center, and one Alternative Learning System (ALS) center. Numerous private schools, including Catholic and parochial schools, also operate in the city, like the St. Mary's Academy, operated by nuns of the Religious of the Virgin Mary.
Countries that have set up permanent diplomatic offices or embassies in the city include:
The 2013 FIBA Asia Championship for Men was the intercontinental championship for basketball organized by FIBA Asia that served as the qualifying tournament for the 2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup in Spain. The tournament was held from August 1–11 in Metro Manila, Philippines. Beirut, Lebanon was supposed to host the tournament but the hosting rights was given to the Philippines citing the Syrian Civil War and security concerns in the Middle East in general. This is also the last Asian Championships that will serve as the qualifying round for the FIBA Basketball World Cup, as a qualifying window will be used starting 2019.2016 Pasay local elections
Local elections were held in Pasay City on May 9, 2016 within the Philippine general election. The voters elected for the elective local posts in the city: the mayor, vice mayor, the congressman, and the councilors, six of them in the two districts of the city.Arellano University
Arellano University (AU) is a private, coeducational and nonsectarian university located in Manila, Philippines. It was founded in 1938 as a law school by Florentino Cayco, Sr., the first Filipino Undersecretary of Public Instruction. The university was named after Cayetano Arellano, the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. It operates on 6 campuses located throughout Metro Manila on which the Main campus is located along Legarda Street, Sampaloc, Manila. The Arellano University School of Law is autonomous and is managed by the Arellano Law Foundation. Its athletic team, the Arellano University Chiefs, is a member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association since 2009.Arnaiz Avenue
Arnaiz Avenue, also known by its former names Libertad Street and Pasay Road, is a major east-west collector road that links Makati and Pasay in the Philippines. It stretches across western Metro Manila from Roxas Boulevard in the Santa Clara district of Pasay to Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA) in San Lorenzo Village in Makati.
South Luzon Expressway (Osmeña Highway) splits Arnaiz Avenue into two sections. The western section found in Pasay is a congested and highly pedestrianized road that used to be known as Calle Libertad. This section passes through some of the most important Pasay landmarks such as the Cuneta Astrodome, Cartimar shopping district and Santa Clara de Montefalco Church. Also located within the vicinity are the Department of Foreign Affairs building, old Pasay City Hall, Pasay City Sports Complex and Pasay Cemetery. East of Osmeña Highway, the avenue enters the Makati Central Business District where it merges with traffic from a Manila Skyway ramp near the Amorsolo Street junction. It continues across Legaspi and San Lorenzo villages of the Makati CBD which contains several office towers and condominiums such as Cityland Pasong Tamo Tower and Avida Towers, a number of Japanese restaurants, a Waltermart mall, the old Plaza Fair, Don Bosco and the Ayala Center. This section of the road in Makati used to be known as Pasay Road. Its eastern terminus is at its junction with EDSA near Dusit hotel.
The avenue was named after the Filipino aviation pioneer, Antonio Somoza Arnaiz. The western section is served by the LRT-1 Libertad Station along Taft Avenue, while the eastern section is served by the Pasay Road railway station along Osmeña Highway, and the Ayala MRT Station along EDSA. A small portion (1.6 km) of a continuation of the road in Dasmariñas Village, Makati is also called Arnaiz Avenue from EDSA to Tamarind Road.Baclaran LRT station
Baclaran LRT station is a station on the Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 1 or (LRT Line 1). The station is located on the last stretches of Taft Avenue in Pasay, right at the border with Baclaran, Parañaque, and, like all other stations on the LRT-1, Baclaran terminal is above-ground on viaduct. The terminal is named after the famous shopping district of the same name, which is located on the borders of the cities of Pasay and Parañaque.
Baclaran is one of the four LRT stations serving Pasay City, the others are Gil Puyat, Libertad and EDSA. It is the southern terminus of the LRT-1, where trains from Roosevelt terminate. The line's depot, where its trains are stored, maintained and cleaned, is located near the terminal.
The terminal is near one of the country's most famous landmarks, the National Shrine of Our Mother of Perpetual Help, home of Our Mother of Perpetual Help. It is also near to the numerous dry goods and flea markets (tiangges), selling everything from clothes and electronics to home decorations and traditional medicine.Bay City, Metro Manila
Bay City commonly known as Manila Bay Freeport Zone is the name for the reclamation area on Manila Bay located west of Roxas Boulevard and the Manila–Cavite Expressway in Metro Manila, the Philippines. The area is split between the cities of Manila and Pasay on the north side and Parañaque on the south.City University of Pasay
City University of Pasay (Filipino: Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Pasay), commonly abbreviated as CUPasay, is a city-controlled, public university in Pasadeña St., F.B. Harrison, Pasay City. Its major purpose is to provide education to the less-privileged yet deserving students of the City and to some others that meet admission requirements set forth by the Board of Regents.Cuneta Astrodome
The Cuneta Astrodome is an indoor arena that is located in Pasay City, Manila, Philippines. Since the 1993 PBA season, it was better known as the home of the Philippine Basketball Association. when it left the PhilSports Arena (that was then known as ULTRA), up until the 1998 and since 2001. It hosts the local basketball league sports competition. It has also hosted a slew of other political, evangelical gatherings and church anniversaries. It is also the permanent home of the Philippine Super Liga since 2014.
The arena is named after Enrique Cuneta, a prominent Pasay city official during the Spanish colonial period.Despite its name, the Cuneta Astrodome is not a dome-shaped indoor arena, since its exterior is rectangular in shape.Gil Puyat Avenue
The Gil Puyat Avenue, formerly and still referred to as Buendia Avenue, is a major arterial thoroughfare which travels east–west through the cities of Makati and Pasay in western Metro Manila, Philippines. It is one of the busiest avenues in Metro Manila linking the Makati Central Business District with the rest of the metropolis. Its western end begins at Roxas Boulevard and continues through San Isidro District, Pasay until intersecting with Taft Avenue. Past the intersection with the elevated Gil Puyat LRT Station, the road runs through Tramo Street and Barangay Palanan in Makati. East of Osmeña Highway, Gil Puyat intersects with the busy streets of the Central Business District before finally reaching its terminus at Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA).
This 4-12 lane divided avenue takes its name from the Filipino senator who served from 1951 to 1972, Senator Gil J. Puyat. It was originally named Buendia Avenue after Nicolas Buendia, a Bulacan senator of the 1940s. The avenue also has short extensions into Forbes Park in Makati as Buendia Avenue Extension, and into the CCP Complex and Bay City area of Pasay as Jose Diokno Boulevard. Part of Gil Puyat Avenue is designated as a component of Circumferential Road 3 of the Metro Manila Arterial Road System.Legislative district of Pasay
The Legislative District of Pasay City is the representation of the City of Pasay in the Philippine House of Representatives. From 1907 to 1972, it was represented as part of the first district of Rizal, and was part of the representation of Region IV in the Interim Batasang Pambansa from 1978 to 1984. Pasay was granted its own representation in the Regular Batasang Pambansa from 1984 to 1986, as well as in the restored House of Representatives since 1987.Libertad LRT station
Libertad LRT station (also known as Antonio Arnaiz LRT station or simply Arnaiz station) is a station on the Manila LRT (LRT-1). Like all other of Manila's LRT-1 stations, Libertad station is above-ground. The station is located in Pasay at the corner of Taft Avenue and Arnaiz Avenue. The station is named after the former Libertad (Spanish for "liberty") Street, which is a junction of both Roxas Boulevard and Taft Avenue in Pasay. The name Libertad survives as an area name, nowadays, after Libertad Street became a part of Arnaiz Avenue.
Libertad station is the third station for trains headed to Roosevelt, the eighteenth station for trains headed to Baclaran, and is one of the four LRT stations serving Pasay, the others are Gil Puyat, EDSA and Baclaran.List of barangays of Metro Manila
Metro Manila is divided into seventeen primary local government units (LGU) that consist of sixteen cities and one municipality. Each city and municipality is governed by an elected mayor and is divided into several villages or barangays (formerly called barrios) headed by an elected barangay captain. Barangay populations range in size from under 1,000 to over 200,000. As of the 2015 census, the total population of Metro Manila was 12,877,253.Among all local government units in Metro Manila, only the cities of Manila, Caloocan and Pasay implement the so-called "Zone Systems". A zone is a group of barangays in a district. Although a zone is considered a subdivision in the local government units, the people do not elect a chairman for the zone in a popular election similar to the normal barangay or local elections. The zoning system is merely for strategical purposes. Additionally, these three cities use a hybrid system for its barangays - all barangays have their corresponding numbers but only a few have corresponding names. For example, the name of a barangay in the City of Manila would read as "Barangay 288 Zone 27".
As of 2010, there are 1,706 barangays in Metro Manila. This list covers all barangays sorted alphabetically with the exception of Manila, Caloocan and Pasay. Instead, district names are listed for these cities.Manila Broadcasting Company
Manila Broadcasting Company (MBC) is a radio and television network in the Philippines. MBC is currently owned by the FJE Group of Companies of Fred J. Elizalde, which also operates hotels and Pasay-based amusement park Star City. Its AM flagship station, DZRH is the oldest radio station in the country while its FM flagship station, Love Radio is the #1 station in FM radio ratings in Metro Manila (until 2017) and several key cities.
MBC's corporate headquarters and studios are located at the MBC Building, Sotto St., CCP Complex, Pasay City.
MBC has six brands, specifically, DZRH radio and DZRH News Television, Aksyon Radyo, Love Radio, Yes The Best, Easy Rock, and Radyo Natin; operated either directly by MBC, or through its affiliates Pacific Broadcasting Systems, Cebu Broadcasting Company, Radyo Natin Network, and Philippine Broadcasting Corporation.
DZRH News Television, which is an extension of the DZRH brand into an audio-visual platform, is carried by some 1,000 cable providers throughout the Philippine archipelago.
The current president of MBC is Ruperto Nicdao Jr.Pasay Road railway station
Pasay Road is a station on the South Main Line ("Southrail") of the Philippine National Railways. Like all PNR stations, this station is at grade. The station is located on Estacion Street (also known as Calle Estacion) in Barangay Pio del Pilar in Makati, making it only one of two stations (the other is Santa Mesa) to have its own access road. It is named after Pasay Road, the old name of the Makati section of Arnaiz Avenue.
The station is the tenth station from Tutuban and is one of three stations serving Makati, the other two being Dela Rosa and EDSA. It is the only station in Makati, and the only station between España and Alabang, which serves intercity trains, being a stopping point for the Bicol Express and Mayon Limited.
In addition to having its own dedicated access road, Pasay Road station is also one of three stations (the others being Santa Mesa and España) to have its original platforms extended and raised in order to accommodate new PNR diesel multiple units. The original platforms have been retained for the use of Commuter Express locomotives and especially for intercity trains.Pasay Voyagers
Pasay Voyagers is a professional basketball team in the Maharlika Pilipinas Basketball League (MPBL).SM Retail
SM Retail Inc. is a private retail holding company based in Pasay, Metro Manila, Philippines. It is a subsidiary of the conglomerate SM Investments Corporation.Star City (amusement park)
Star City is a 35,000 m2 (380,000 sq ft) amusement park in Pasay, Philippines. It is located in the reclaimed area of the Cultural Center of the Philippines Complex, part of Bay City. The facility is owned by Star Parks Corporation, a subsidiary of Elizalde Holdings Corporation (the holding company of the FJE Group of Companies).Star City has an annual attendance of about 1.5 million people.Star City is the Philippines' only all-weather, air-conditioned amusement park. It has more than 30 different rides and attractions.Taft Avenue
Taft Avenue (Filipino: Abenida Taft; Spanish: Avenida Taft) is a major road thoroughfare in Metro Manila. It crosses through three major cities of the capital region: Manila, Pasay and Parañaque. The road was named after the former Governor-General of the Philippines and U.S President, William Howard Taft. The Philippines was a former commonwealth territory of the United States in the first half of the twentieth century.World Trade Center Metro Manila
The World Trade Center Metro Manila (WTCMM) is an exhibition center in Pasay, Metro Manila, Philippines.The first phase of venue was inaugurated by then President Fidel V. Ramos on October 28, 1996. The WTCMM is the first exhibition center in the Philippines to be listed by the UFI and is a member of the World Trade Centers Association.It is used as the International Media Center for the APEC Philippines 2015.