Parliament of Trees

The Parliament of Trees is a fictional group of Plant Elementals appearing in books published by DC Comics, sometimes under its Vertigo imprint, which function as supporting characters to Swamp Thing. Created by writer Alan Moore and artist Stan Woch, the Parliament first appeared in Swamp Thing #47 (April 1986).

Parliament of Trees
Parliament of Trees
Cover of Swamp Thing #47 (April 1986).
Art by Stephen R. Bissette.
Publication information
PublisherDC Comics
First appearanceSwamp Thing #47 (April 1986)
Created byAlan Moore
Stan Woch
Place of originTefé, Brazil, South America
Notable membersBifa
Bog Venus
Canan Kax
Great Phoenix
Great Url
Kettle Hole-Devil
Lady Jane
Saint Columba
Swamp Knucker
Swamp Thing

Fictional history

In Moore's storyline, Plant Elementals have existed on Earth long before humans. Born when a being dies in flames and merges with the Earth, the Elementals became protectors of plant life throughout history. When they had done their time, they would join the Parliament of Trees, a group mind of former Elementals. Over time the membership grew with beings such as Eyam (based on the form of a trilobite), Swamp Knucker (a dinosaur-like dragon), Bog Venus (patterned on the mind of a medicine woman), Ghost Hiding in the Rushes (a sorcerer of 3rd-century China), Swamp Thing (an early 20th-century scientist), and many others. Until recently, the Parliament was stationed in a grove in Brazil, at south of the Tefé River, while their minds dwelled in the realm of the Green.

Although preaching peace, the Parliament was involved in several conflicts in the past. Once united with the Parliament of Stones, the Parliament separated from the other to set in motion an elaborate plot to someday destroy mankind. The Parliament also had to fight off the fungus-based Grey, invaders from another world that eventually became the mushroom life of this planet. Quite recently, it was revealed that the Parliament of Trees (and other Elemental Parliaments) had an agenda with Swamp Thing that included the destruction of mankind and the re-making of Earth. To prevent that from happening, the Heavenly power called The Word was sent to destroy the Parliament, but not until they had passed on all their power to the Swamp Thing, who would do their bidding. But Swamp Thing refused in the last second, giving humanity another chance. The Parliament of Trees is now eternally burning in the realm of the Green. A few of its former members have survived since they were not present during the massacre at the hands of The Word.

"Brightest Day"

During the climatic moments of the 2010-2011 Brightest Day miniseries, the White Lantern reveals that "the Green has become black" and corrupted. It also states that the central tree in the Star City forest is the foundation for the Parliament of Trees.[1]

The New 52

In September 2011, The New 52 rebooted DC's continuity. In this new timeline, it was shown that Alan Scott, Earth 2's Green Lantern, receives his powers through an association with The Green.[2] It was also revealed that besides the Parliament of Trees there are in fact four more Parliaments that together form the Earth's Parliament. The other four Parliaments consists of The Blue (also known as Clear) who represents the power of the oceans and is heralded by the enigmatic Parliament of Waves, The Grey (also known as Rot) who embody decay and appears to be heralded by the Parliament of Decay, The Red who stand for animal savagery and is heralded by the Parliament of Limbs, The White who stand for the power of the atmosphere which is heralded by a still unnamed Parliament. The members of this Parliament Enclave only meet when the Earth is in perilous danger such as Darkseid's invasion of Earth 2 to summon their avatars who embody the spirits to enact their will.

The Green

The Green is a mystical realm inhabited by the minds of all members of the Parliament of Trees, and it is a phenomenon that connects all forms of botanical life on earth. It is in the same category as The Red (which is connected to all animal life and run by the Parliament of Limbs), The Clear (which is associated with aquatic life and run by the Parliament of Vapors), an unnamed fire realm (which is associated with fire elementals and connected to the Parliament of Flames, which resides in the Earth's sun), The Melt (which is connected to Earth elementals and run by the Parliament of Stones), The Grey (which is connected to all fungal life), and The Black (which is associated with Death, was also called The Rot, and run by the Parliament of Decay). Various plant elementals of the DCU have been known to communicate with the Green as well and appear to have an in-tune rapport with it. These select few include the following:

Floronic Man went insane after attempting to connect with the Green through Swamp Thing.


  1. ^ Brightest Day #23 (April 2011)
  2. ^ Earth 2 #1
Alec Holland

Alec Holland is a fictional character in comic books published by DC Comics.

Holland appeared in his first live adaptation in the 1982 film played by Ray Wise. Dick Durock took over the role in the sequel film The Return of Swamp Thing along with playing Holland. Durock continued playing the character in the 1990 television series along with playing Swamp Thing. The character will be played by Andy Bean in the television series for the DC streaming service.

Ben Wagin

Ben Wagin (Bernhard Wargin, born 25 March 1930 in Jastrow) is a German artist, sculptor, draughtsman, designer, performance artist, author, compositor and founder of the artistic group "die Baumpaten" (Godfathers of Trees).

Black Orchid (comics)

Black Orchid is the name of four superheroines published by DC Comics. The original version of the character first appeared in Adventure Comics #428 (cover-dated July 1973).

Cosmic entities (DC Comics)

In the comic books published by DC Comics, cosmic entities (also referred to as cosmic beings) are fictional characters possessing superpowers on a universal, multiversal or even omniversal level, powers far beyond those of humans or conventional superheroes, and usually serving some natural function in the fictional universes in which they exist.

Floronic Man

The Floronic Man (Jason Woodrue), also known as the Plant Master, Floro, and the Seeder, is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics.

Kalle Mattson

Kalle Mattson (born Kalle Mattson Wainio, September 21, 1990 in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario) is a Canadian singer-songwriter based in Ottawa, Ontario. He has performed both as a solo artist and as the leader of an eponymous band.

Lex Luthor

Alexander Joseph "Lex" Luthor () is a fictional supervillain appearing in publications by the publisher DC Comics. The character was created by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster. Lex Luthor is said to have first appeared in both / either Action Comics #23 (April 1940) and Superman #4 (Spring 1940)1 and has since endured as the archenemy of Superman.Originally introduced as a mad scientist whose schemes Superman would routinely foil, Lex's portrayal has evolved over the years and his characterisation has deepened. In contemporary stories, Lex is portrayed as a wealthy, power-mad American business magnate, ingenious engineer, philanthropist to the city of Metropolis, and one of the most intelligent people in the world. A well-known public figure, he is the owner of a conglomerate called LexCorp. He is intent on ridding the world of the alien Superman, whom Lex Luthor views as an obstacle to his plans and as a threat to the very existence of humanity. Given his high status as a supervillain, however, he has often come into conflict with Batman and other superheroes in the DC Universe.The character has traditionally lacked superpowers or a dual identity and typically appears with a bald head. He periodically wears his Warsuit, a high-tech battle suit giving him enhanced strength, flight, advanced weaponry, and other capabilities. The character was originally introduced as a diabolical recluse, but during the Modern Age, he was reimagined by writers as a devious, high-profile industrialist, who has crafted his public persona in order to avoid suspicion and arrest. He is well known for his philanthropy, donating vast sums of money to Metropolis over the years, funding parks, foundations, and charities.The character was ranked 4th on IGN's list of the Top 100 Comic Book Villains of All Time and as the 8th Greatest Villain by Wizard on its 100 Greatest Villains of All Time list. Luthor is one of a few genre-crossing villains whose adventures take place "in a world in which the ordinary laws of nature are slightly suspended". Scott James Wells, Sherman Howard, John Shea, Michael Rosenbaum, and Jon Cryer have portrayed the character in Superman-themed television series, while Lyle Talbot, Gene Hackman, Kevin Spacey, and Jesse Eisenberg have portrayed the character in major motion pictures. Clancy Brown, Powers Boothe, James Marsters, Chris Noth, Anthony LaPaglia, Steven Blum, Fred Tatasciore, Jason Isaacs, Kevin Michael Richardson, Mark Rolston, John DiMaggio, James Woods and Rainn Wilson, and others have provided the character's voice in animation adaptations.

List of cosmic entities in DC Comics

This is a list of cosmic entities owned or published primarily by DC Comics. In superhero comic books, cosmic beings are fictional characters possessing superpowers in a planetary, stellar, or even universal level, far beyond those of humans or superheroes, and usually serving some natural function in the fictional universes they exist in.

Note: most, but not all, of these characters exist within the DC Universe. Some listed are part of the Wildstorm Universe, others of Alan Moore's America's Best Comics line, and others are characters from stand-alone stories, Elseworlds publications, or from companies listed with reference and published by DC Comics. America's Best Comics, Elseworlds, Helix, Homage Comics, Impact Comics, Milestone Media, Paradox Press, Piranha Press, Vertigo Comics, and Wildstorm are all trademark publications of the DC Comics group.

Patchwork Man

Gregori Arcane, the Patchwork Man, is a fictional DC Comics horror character based upon Frankenstein's monster. He is the brother of Anton Arcane and the father of Abby Holland.

Solomon Grundy (comics)

Solomon Grundy is a fictional character, usually depicted as a supervillain in DC Comics and an antihero in the DC animated series. He was originally depicted as a murder victim brought back to life as a corporeal revenant or zombie, though subsequent versions of the character have occasionally depicted a different origin. He is named after the 19th century nursery rhyme Solomon Grundy.

Grundy was introduced as an enemy of comic book hero Alan Scott (the original Green Lantern), but has since become a prominent enemy for a number of superheroes such as Superman and Batman. He also has ties to Swamp Thing.

Star City (comics)

Star City is a fictional city that appears in stories published by DC Comics, best known as the traditional home of the superheroes known by, or affiliated with, the shared alias of Green Arrow. Beyond that, it is also known to other characters of the DC Universe as both a port city and a haven for artists in many of the media, from print to audio/visual to music. Green Arrow's base of operation was initially New York City. However, during the Silver Age, Green Arrow's home was established as being in Star City, being first mentioned in Adventure Comics vol. 1 #265, before making its first appearance in the following issue.

Swamp Thing

Swamp Thing is a fictional superhero in comic books published by American company DC Comics. A humanoid/plant elemental creature, created by writer Len Wein and artist Bernie Wrightson, the Swamp Thing has had several humanoid or monster incarnations in various different storylines. The character first appeared in House of Secrets #92 (July 1971) in a stand-alone horror story set in the early 20th century. The character then returned in a solo series, set in the contemporary world and in the general DC continuity. The character is a swamp monster that resembles an anthropomorphic mound of vegetable matter, and fights to protect his swamp home, the environment in general, and humanity from various supernatural or terrorist threats.

The character found perhaps its greatest popularity during the 1970s and early 1990s. Outside of an extensive comic book history, the Swamp Thing has inspired two theatrical films, a live-action television series, and a five-part animated series, among other media. IGN ranked him 28th in the "Top 100 Comic Book Heroes" list. He appeared in his first live adaptation in the 1982 film. Dick Durock portrayed Swamp Thing while Ray Wise played Alec Holland. Durock reprised the role in the sequel film The Return of Swamp Thing along with playing Holland. Durock reprised the role again in the 1990 television series. The character will be played by Derek Mears with Andy Bean playing his human form Alec Holland in the television series for the DC streaming service.

Swamp Thing (comic book)

The fictional character Swamp Thing has appeared in five American comic book series to date, including several specials, and has crossed over into other DC Comics titles. The series found immense popularity upon its 1970s debut and during the mid-late 1980s under Alan Moore, Steve Bissette, and John Totleben. These eras were met with high critical praise and numerous awards. However, over the years, Swamp Thing comics have suffered from low sales which have resulted in numerous series cancellations and revivals.

Tefé Holland

Tefé Holland is a fictional character in comic books published by DC Comics. The character is the daughter of Swamp Thing and Abby Holland.

Tefé was originally a floating spirit called The Sprout, who tried to find a body from a recently deceased person; she was eventually given a body through Abby Holland having a baby, which was conceived through Swamp Thing possessing John Constantine and having sex with her. Due to Constantine having the demon Negral's blood in his veins at this time, Tefe is also part demon. She eventually became an Earth elemental like her father, beginning a line of human Earth elementals as a new Swamp Thing, having all of her father's powers, but retaining a human appearance. She no longer has these powers.

The Details

For the 2011 film of the same name, see The Details (film)The Details are an indie rock band based in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, featuring vocalist and guitarist Jon Plett, bassist Keli Martin, guitarist Sean Vidal and drummer Shaun Gibson. Their current record label is Parliament of Trees.

The Green

The Green may refer to:

The Green (band), a reggae, pop, and soul band from Hawaii

The Green (Charlotte, North Carolina), a 1.5-acre park in uptown Charlotte, North Carolina

The Green (Dartmouth College), a central field at Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire

The Green Distillery, an Irish whiskey distillery in Cork City, Ireland

The Green (film), a 2011 film starring Julia Ormond

The Green (Frogmore, South Carolina), an NRHP listing in Beaufort County, South Carolina

The Green (play), a play by Gary Owen

The Green (television programming), a set of programming on the Sundance Channel

The Green, a fictional mystical realm in DC Comics inhabited by the minds of all members of the Parliament of Trees

St Mary's CBS (The Green), a secondary school in Tralee, Ireland

The Green railway station, a small railway station on the Ravenglass and Eskdale heritage railway in the Lake District, Cumbria

The Paperbacks

The Paperbacks are a Canadian indie rock and pop music band based in Winnipeg, Manitoba. The band is active in the local Winnipeg music scene with close ties to such bands as The Weakerthans and Novillero.

The Parliament of Trees

The Parliament of Trees (also known as The Parliament of Trees against war and violence) is a memorial for the

death victims of the Berlin Wall, which was installed on 9 November 1990 by performance artist Ben Wagin.

Who's Who in the DC Universe

Who's Who: The Definitive Directory of the DC Universe (usually referred to as Who's Who) is the umbrella title for a number of comic book series which DC Comics published to catalogue the wide variety of fictional characters in their imaginary universe, the DC Universe.

TV series
Associated characters
Associated teams
Publications and storylines
Related topics
Early British works
DC Comics
Image/Awesome Comics
America's Best Comics
Avatar Press
Comics based on
Moore's prose
Spoken word CDs
Related people

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