Parc des Princes

The Parc des Princes (French pronunciation: ​[paʁk de pʁɛ̃s], literally "Princes’ Park" in English) is an all-seater football stadium in Paris, France.[1] The venue is located in the south-west of the French capital, inside the 16th arrondissement of Paris, in the immediate vicinity of the Stade Jean-Bouin (rugby venue) and within walking distance from the Stade Roland Garros (tennis venue).[1][2]

The stadium, with a seating capacity of 47,929 spectators, has been the home stadium of Paris Saint-Germain since 1974.[3][4] Before the opening of the Stade de France in 1998, it was also the home arena of the French national football and rugby union teams.[4] The Parc des Princes pitch is surrounded by four covered all-seater stands, officially known as the Présidentielle Francis Borelli, Auteuil, Paris and Boulogne Stands.[5]

Conceived by architect Roger Taillibert & Siavash Teimouri, the current version of the Parc des Princes officially opened on 4 June 1972, at a cost of 80–150 million francs.[6][7] The stadium is the third to have been built on the site, the first opening its doors in 1897 and the second following in 1932.[2]

PSG registered its record home attendance in 1983, when 49,575 spectators witnessed the club's 2–0 win over Waterschei in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup quarter-finals.[8] However, the French national rugby team holds the stadium's absolute attendance record. They defeated Wales 31–12 in the 1989 Five Nations Championship in front of 50,370 spectators.[9]

Parc des Princes
Parc des Princes - Logo
Paris Parc des Princes 1
Location24, Rue du Commandant-Guilbaud
75016 Paris, Île-de-France, France
Coordinates48°50′29″N 2°15′11″E / 48.84139°N 2.25306°ECoordinates: 48°50′29″N 2°15′11″E / 48.84139°N 2.25306°E
Public transitParis Métro Paris Métro Line 9 Porte de Saint-Cloud
OwnerParis City Council
OperatorParis Saint-Germain
Capacity47,929
Record attendance50,370 France vs Wales (18 February 1989)
Field size105 m × 68 m (344 ft × 223 ft)
SurfaceGrassMaster by Tarkett Sports
Construction
Built1967 (current Parc)
Opened4 June 1972
Renovated1998, 2014–2016
Construction costc. 125 million
ArchitectRoger Taillibert & Siavash Teimouri
Tenants
Paris Saint-Germain (1974–present)

History

The first Parc (1897–1932)

ParcdesPrinces1908
The first Parc under the snow in 1908.

Originally, the site on which the pitch of Paris Saint-Germain stands was a hunting ground for members of the royal family in the 18th century, before the fall of the Bastille. This anecdote gave its name to the Stade Vélodrome du Parc des Princes, inaugurated on 18 July 1897.[7]

The “Princes’ Park” began its sporting history as a velodrome in the late 19th century.[1] With 3,200 seats, the velodrome marked the history of cycling, the number one sport in France at the time.[7] The ground, which featured a cycling track until the end of the 1960s, was the finishing line for the final stage of the Tour de France from its first edition in 1903 until 1967.[4] It also boasts a long history as an international rugby venue.[2]

But it was not until 1903 that an international football match was played at the Parc des Princes. In front of 984 paying spectators, a team composed by the best Parisian players suffered a severe defeat to an England squad: 11–0 was the final score. Two years later, the French national football team contested their first ever home match against Switzerland, winning 1–0 at the Parc.[7]

Subsequently, the stadium welcomed prestigious friendly games, but also many of the USFSA French championship finals, as well as the French Cup final between CASG Paris and Olympique de Paris in front of nearly 10,000 spectators. However, the Parc des Princes lost its primacy with the construction of the Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir for the 1924 Summer Olympics.[7]

The second Parc (1932–1972)

1932 Le parc des princes v1
Outside view of the second Parc in 1932.

In 1925, the Paris City Council, which owns the Parc des Princes, extended the stadium lease for 40 years based on a fixed rent of 25,000 francs plus 4% share of the revenue. This allowed the Société d’Exploitation Sports-Evénements (SESE) of the Parc to carry out a thorough renovation of the sports arena. The stadium was expanded to 45,000 seats, including 26,000 covered. But the capacity was quickly reduced to 38,000 seats to improve comfort. In spite of that, Match magazine published "A new grand stage at the very gates of Paris" in its front cover of 19 April 1932.[7]

Following the Liberation of Paris and the end of World War II, the French football championship returned, with new big Parisian club Stade français-Red Star and Racing Paris regularly playing at the Parc des Princes. Still equipped with a cycling track of 454 metres, the Tour de France was not the only major sporting event hosted at this stadium.[4][7] It was the venue for several matches at the 1938 FIFA World Cup, as well as the Euro 1960.[4] The stadium was also the scene of the first ever UEFA Champions League showpiece in 1956 when Real Madrid beat Stade de Reims 4–3.[2]

In 1954, Parc des Princes hosted two games of the inaugural Rugby League World Cup which was held in France, including hosting the Final on 13 November.[10] In the Final, Great Britain defeated France 16–12 in front of a crowd of 30,368.[11]

In 1965, the Paris City Council chose not to renew the stadium's lease, instead opting to build a bypass, the Périphérique, near the Parc des Princes, which lost 17,000 seats in the process. On 9 April 1965, the management of the stadium was entrusted to the French Football Federation for five years and a new Parc was to be born. Roger Taillibert was the chosen architect for the project. The construction would last 5 years, from 8 July 1967 to April 1972.[7]

Paris Parc des Princes 2
The pitch of the current Parc des Princes.

The current Parc (since 1972)

French president Georges Pompidou officially inaugurated the new enclosure by attending the French Cup Final on 4 June 1972.[7] Paris Saint-Germain played their first game at the Parc des Princes against Red Star on 10 November 1973, as a curtain-raiser for that season's league season between Paris FC (PFC) and Sochaux. PSG won 3–1 as Othniel Dossevi scored the club's first goal at the Parc.[12]

Paris SG returned to Ligue 1 in 1974, ironically the same year that Paris FC were relegated, and moved into the Parc des Princes, which up until that point had been the home stadium of PFC.[13][14] Before that, PSG had been playing at several grounds including the Stade Municipal Georges Lefèvre, the Stade Jean-Bouin, the Stade Bauer, and even the Parc a few times that season despite the reluctance of PFC.[15][16] Thereafter, Paris FC and Racing Paris kept playing at the Parc while they were in Ligue 1 (until 1990), but never reaching the numbers of attendance leaders PSG.[7]

The current Parc des Princes has hosted five European club football finals: the 1975 European Cup Final, the 1978 European Cup Winners' Cup Final, the 1981 European Cup Final, the 1995 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Final, and the 1998 UEFA Cup Final.[2] It has also staged games at the 1998 FIFA World Cup, 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup and UEFA Euro 2016, and was the venue for the 1984 and 2016 UEFA European Championships finals, not to mention the 2007 Rugby World Cup.[2][4]

Design

Parc des Princes - Avenue du Parc des Princes, Paris
A view of the stadium's iconic “razors”.

The current stadium was completed in 1972 by architect Roger Taillibert & siavash teimouri, who also built the Olympic Stadium of Montreal. The design is innovative and allows spectators to enjoy excellent sightlines, with no seat being further than 45 metres from the pitch. Parc des Princes was the first stadium where lighting systems were integrated onto its elliptical roof, and it is still praised for its unique acoustics and its distinctive concrete ribs.[1]

Described in French as a 'caisse de résonnance' ('box of sound') due to its tight dimensions and the pressure-cooker atmosphere created by its home fans, it is one of the continent's most emblematic and historic venues.[4] Its raw concrete exterior may not be as extraordinary today, in the era of multimedia stadiums. But the “razors” supporting the concrete shell remain an icon of local skyline and the structure is aging with grace. It's a landmark and legally protected icon of French architecture.[17]

The seating bowl provides two continuous tiers without obstructed views, though some obstructions were introduced due to additional fencing of the away enclosure. Distance of end zones from the field is a disadvantage, because the stadium was designed with rugby in mind and left too much room for a football configuration.[17]

Renovation

Port aut em2016 3
The Parc des Princes during the UEFA Euro 2016.

The stadium has moved with the times and adapted well to changing standards over the last forty years.[1] In 2013, Paris Saint-Germain reached an agreement with the Paris City Council, owner of the Parc des Princes, who extended their stadium lease to 2043, based on a fixed rent plus a variable share of their income.[18][19]

Subsequently, PSG completed a three-year €75 million upgrade of the Parc des Princes (2012, 2013–2014, 2015–2016) ahead of the UEFA Euro 2016 in France.[17] The latest upgrade, unlike those at Stade Vélodrome or Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, the homes of Olympique de Marseille and AS Saint-Étienne respectively, was achieved without partial closure of the ground. The ground in the west of Paris' centre was redeveloped under the guidance of American architect Tom Sheehan.[19]

The pitch was re-laid and raised 28 centimetres to help its growth, while two additional rows of seats were added, allowing the ground to remain at a capacity of 48,000, despite now boasting larger and more comfortable seats. Hospitality capacity has risen from 1,200 to 4,500, while some players have bought one of the private boxes that offer a great view of the pitch. The public areas around the stadium were refurbished to exploit them with fan zones.[19]

The remodelling of the stadium also saw the installation of new substitutes' benches and spacious, modern changing rooms that include warm-up and treatment rooms. The playing surface, the Desso GrassMaster technology, consist of natural grass and featuring undersoil heating, was reinforced with artificial strands sewn into the turf to provide a faster, more even and more resistant pitch.[4]

Carrying out this renovation work saw PSG's stadium revenue swell from €20m to €100m. The club has a 30-year agreement in place with the Paris City Council, which owns the stadium, based on a fixed rent plus a variable share of their income.[19]

Expansion

PSG want to increase the capacity of their home to 60,000 in the coming years, having just completed their latest upgrades in time for the UEFA Euro 2016.[19] As Paris was chosen as host of the 2024 Summer Olympics, PSG might receive a boost in attempt to expand the Parc des Princes by over 10,000 seats. From the start of their ownership at the capital club, Qatar Sports Investments (QSI) made it clear that a larger stadium is one of the means to establish PSG as one of leading European clubs.[20]

There were two options under consideration: move to the Stade de France or expansion of the Parc des Princes. The first option is no longer under consideration; the club's ownership invested €75 million into redevelopments at the Parc des Princes ahead of the Euro 2016. Expansion before the tournament proved impossible, importantly due to difficult location and protected legal status of the stadium. PSG decided to stay put and deliver the expansion in medium term. During an exhibition celebrating the club's 45th anniversary deputy CEO Jean-Claude Blanc reaffirmed that the club's plans had not changed.[20]

Major tournament matches

1938 FIFA World Cup matches

Date Time (WEST) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
4 June 1938 17:00   Switzerland 1–1 (a.e.t.)  Germany First Round 27,152
9 June 1938 18:00  Germany 2–4   Switzerland First Round replay 20,025
16 June 1938 18:00  Hungary 5–1  Sweden Semi-finals 20,000

1954 Rugby League World Cup matches

Date Time (CET) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
30 October 1954  France 22–13  New Zealand First round
13 November 1954  France 12–16  Great Britain Final 30,368

1960 European Nations' Cup matches

Date Time (CET) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
6 July 1960 20:00  France 4–5  Yugoslavia Semi-finals 26,370
10 July 1960 21:30  Soviet Union 2–1 (a.e.t.)  Yugoslavia Final 17,966

1972 Rugby League World Cup matches

Date Time (CET) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
1 November 1972  Australia 9–5  New Zealand First round 8,000

UEFA Euro 1984 matches

Date Time (CEST) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
12 June 1984 20:30  France 1–0  Denmark Group 1 47,570
20 June 1984 20:30  West Germany 0–1  Spain Group 2 47,691
27 June 1984 20:00  France 2–0  Spain Final 47,368

1991 Rugby World Cup matches

Date Time (CEST) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
19 October 1991  France 10–19  England Quarter-finals 48,500

1998 FIFA World Cup matches

Date Time (CEST) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
15 June 1998 21:00  Germany 2–0  United States Group F 45,500
19 June 1998 17:30  Nigeria 1–0  Bulgaria Group D 45,500
21 June 1998 17:30  Argentina 5–0  Jamaica Group H 45,500
25 June 1998 16:00  Belgium 1–1  South Korea Group E 45,500
28 June 1998 21:00  Brazil 4–1  Chile Round of 16 45,500
11 July 1998 21:00  Netherlands 1–2  Croatia Third place match 45,500

2007 Rugby World Cup matches

Date Time (CEST) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
9 September 2007 16:00  South Africa 59–7  Samoa Pool A 46,575
19 September 2007 20:00  Italy 31–5  Portugal Pool C 45,476
28 September 2007 21:00  England 36–20  Tonga Pool A 45,085
30 September 2007 17:00  Ireland 15–30  Argentina Pool D 45,450
19 October 2007 21:00  France 10–34  Argentina Bronze final 45,958

UEFA Euro 2016 matches

Date Time (CEST) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
12 June 2016 15:00  Turkey 0–1  Croatia Group D 43,842
15 June 2016 18:00  Romania 1–1   Switzerland Group A 43,576
18 June 2016 21:00  Portugal 0–0  Austria Group F 44,291
21 June 2016 18:00  Northern Ireland 0–1  Germany Group C 44,125
25 June 2016 18:00  Wales 1–0  Northern Ireland Round of 16 44,342

2019 FIFA Women's World Cup matches

Date Time (CEST) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
7 June 2019 21:00  France 4–0  South Korea Group A 45,261
10 June 2019 18:00  Argentina 0–0  Japan Group D 25,055
13 June 2019 21:00  South Africa 0–1  China PR Group B 20,011
16 June 2019 18:00  United States 3–0  Chile Group F 45,594
19 June 2019 21:00  Scotland 3–3  Argentina Group D 28,205
24 June 2019 21:00  Sweden 1–0  Canada Round of 16 38,078
28 June 2019 21:00  France 1–2  United States Quarter-finals 45,595

Gallery

Paris , Parc des Princes - panoramio
Entrance to the Parc des Princes.
Paris Parc des Princes 3
Panorama view of the stadium.
2016-06-17 Paris-Parc des Princes
View of the pitch during UEFA Euro 2016.
Paris-Parc-des-Princes
PSG ultras seen from the Boulogne stand, in 2006.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "PARC DES PRINCES". Paris2024. Archived from the original on 15 August 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Parc des Princes". UEFA.com. Archived from the original on 3 July 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  3. ^ "Parc des Princes". PSG.fr. Archived from the original on 19 August 2017. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "The lowdown on the Parc des Princes". Real Madrid CF. 21 October 2015. Archived from the original on 16 August 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  5. ^ "Plan du Parc". PSG.fr. Archived from the original on 3 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  6. ^ "PSG firmly in the pantheon". FIFA.com. 17 October 2008. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Le Parc des Princes". Info PSG. Archived from the original on 21 August 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  8. ^ "PSG-OM, record d'affluence au Parc des Princes en L1". Paris.canal-historique. 24 October 2016. Archived from the original on 23 November 2016. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  9. ^ "Parc des Princes Paris". Stadium and Attendances. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  10. ^ 1954 Rugby League World Cup
  11. ^ 1954 Rugby League World Cup Final highlights
  12. ^ "Millième au Parc des Princes : ces dix matches qui ont fait l'histoire du PSG". Europe1. 9 September 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  13. ^ "Histoire du Paris Saint Germain". PSG70. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  14. ^ "A brief history: Paris FC". thefootballcult – Medium. 16 January 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  15. ^ "1973 - 1978 : Paris se replace sur la scène française". Paris United. 19 November 2018. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  16. ^ "Le PSG et Manchester City, les faux jumeaux". Le Monde. 5 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  17. ^ a b c "Euro 2016: Parc des Princes". StadiumDB.com. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  18. ^ "Paris: PSG confirm next 30 years at Parc des Princes". StadiumDB.com. 27 November 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  19. ^ a b c d e "Paris Saint-Germain finish Parc des Princes renovation but eye expansion". Goal.com. 11 May 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  20. ^ a b "Paris: 2024 Olympics could accelerate Parc des Princes expansion". StadiumDB.com. 11 May 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.

External links

Official websites
Preceded by
All 8 venues used for
the 1934 FIFA World Cup,
matches on the first day were
all played at the same time
FIFA World Cup
Opening match Venue

1938
Succeeded by
Estádio do Maracanã
Rio de Janeiro
1919 Coupe de France Final

The 1919 Coupe de France Final was a football match held at Parc des Princes, Paris on April 6, 1919, that saw CASG Paris defeat Olympique de Paris 3–2 thanks to goals by Emilien Devic and Louis Hatzfeld (2).

1943 Coupe de France Final

The 1943 Coupe de France Final was a football match held at Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir, Colombes and Parc des Princes, Paris on May 9 and May 22, 1943, that saw Olympique de Marseille defeat Girondins ASP 4–0 in the replay thanks to goals by Emmanuel Aznar (2), Georges Dard and Félix Pironti.

1944 Coupe de France Final

The 1944 Coupe de France Final was a football match held at Parc des Princes, Paris on May 7, 1944, that saw EF Nancy-Lorraine defeat EF Reims-Champagne 4–0 thanks to goals by Marcel Parmeggiani, Marcel Poblomme (2) and Michel Jacques.

1963 Coupe de France Final

The 1963 Coupe de France Final was a football match held at Parc des Princes, Paris, between AS Monaco FC and Olympique Lyonnais. After a goalless draw in the first match on 12 May 1963, Monaco won 2–0 in the replay on 23 May.

1997 Coupe de France Final

The Coupe de France Final 1997 was a football match held at Parc des Princes, Paris on May 10, 1997, that saw OGC Nice defeat EA Guingamp in a penalty shoot out. After normal time and extra-time could not separate the two sides, the match was to be decided on penalty kicks. Stéphane Carnot and Claude "Coco" Michel missed for EA Guingamp, only Louis Gomis missed for OGC Nice. This final was the last held at Parc des Princes, the next finals will be held at new Stade de France.

1998 UEFA Cup Final

The 1998 UEFA Cup Final was a football match played at Parc des Princes in Paris on 6 May 1998 between Lazio and Internazionale of Italy. Internazionale won the match 3–0. It was the first single-legged UEFA Cup final.

Coupe Charles Drago

The Coupe Charles Drago was an elimination cup competition organised by the Ligue de Football Professionnel, between clubs that are knocked out before the quarter-finals of the Coupe de France. The tournament was founded in 1953 and was discontinued after the 1965 tournament.

France national football team results (1960–79)

This is a list of the France national football team results from 1960 to 1979.

France national football team results (1980–99)

This is a list of the France national football team results from 1980 to 1999.

History of rugby union matches between England and France

The first Anglo-French rugby union match was held on 22 March 1906 at Parc des Princes in Paris.

The traditional name for the annual England versus France rugby union match in the Six Nations Championship as used on both sides of the English Channel is Le Crunch, used since at least 1981... (although it has been named 'Eurostar Trophy' a few times in France, since 2000). Games have also been played as Tests and at the Rugby World Cup. England and France have played each other on 105 occasions, England winning 58, France winning 40, and 7 matches have been drawn. Overall, England have scored 1,702 points, and France 1,336.

History of rugby union matches between France and Ireland

Since 1909, France and Ireland have played each other in a total of 97 test matches, with France winning 56 times, Ireland winning 34 times and seven matches drawn.Apart from fixtures played in the Five Nations / Six Nations Championship competitions, four games have been played at the Rugby World Cup in 1995, 2003, 2007 and 2015, in which France were victorious in the first three and Ireland in the last one in 2015. The sides have also met on four other occasions outside the Five Nations / Six Nations Championship in 1909, the very first match between the two teams, 1972 and two Rugby World Cup warm-up matches in 2011.

History of rugby union matches between France and Wales

France and Wales have played each other at rugby union since 1908. A total of 97 matches have been played, with Wales winning 50 times, France 44 times and the remaining three finishing as draws.

The early years of the fixture were dominated by Wales, who won 18 of the first 19 matches before France were expelled from the Five Nations Championship after the 1931 tournament. Since France rejoined the competition in 1947, they have won 44 of the 77 matches played, including a 12-match winning streak between 1983 and 1993. The teams have met once in the Rugby World Cup, in the semi-finals of the 2011 tournament, when France won 9–8.

Le Classique

Le Classique (French pronunciation: ​[lə klasik], The Classic), also known as Derby de France or French clásico, is a football match contested between French clubs Paris Saint-Germain and Olympique de Marseille. The clash is considered France's biggest rivalry as well as one of the greatest in club football. At the very least, it is France's most violent. Important security measures are taken to prevent confrontations between the fans, but violent episodes still often occur when the duo meet.PSG and l'OM remain, along with Saint-Étienne, Bordeaux or eventually Monaco, the only French clubs with a big history pre-millennium. The duo are the only two French clubs to have won major European trophies and were the dominant forces in the land prior to the emergence of Olympique Lyonnais at the start of the millennium. They are also the two most popular clubs in France, and the most followed French clubs outside the country. Both teams are at or near the top of the attendance lists every year as well.Like all the game's major rivalries, PSG vs. OM extends beyond the pitch. The fixture has a historical, cultural and social importance that makes it more than just a football match. It involves the two largest cities in France: Paris against Marseille, capital against province and north against south.

List of Coupe de France winners

The Coupe Charles Simon, commonly known as the Coupe de France, is a knockout cup competition in French football organized by the French Football Federation. The competition began in 1919 and is open to all amateur and professional football clubs in France, including clubs based in the overseas departments and territories. The competition culminates in May with the final, which is held at the Stade de France, the country's national stadium. Since 1927, the President of France has always attended the cup final and presented the trophy to the winning team's captain.

As of 2019, thirty-three clubs have lifted the trophy, of these Paris Saint-Germain have the most title with 12 victories. They are followed by Marseille, who have ten and Saint-Étienne, who have six. The current champions are Rennes, who defeated Paris Saint-Germain 6–5 on penalties following a 2–2 draw in the 2019 final.

List of France national rugby union players

List of France national rugby union players is a list of people who have played for the France national rugby union team. The list only includes players who have played in a Test match.

Note that the "position" column lists the position at which the player made his Test debut, not necessarily the position for which he is best known. A position in parentheses indicates that the player debuted as a substitute.

Live Parc des Princes Paris

Live Parc des Princes Paris (2008) is Mika's second live DVD. It is a one-off stadium show with a crowd of 55,000 recorded at Paris on 4 July 2008.

The DVD also features a documentary following the initial idea of the show through to the production.

In Bonus Features it includes the music video for the song "Lollipop", a live performance of "Grace Kelly" and the making-of the design and others in the show.

Paris Saint-Germain F.C.

Paris Saint-Germain Football Club (French pronunciation: ​[paʁi sɛ̃ ʒɛʁmɛ̃]), commonly referred to as Paris Saint-Germain, Paris SG, or simply PSG, is a French professional football club based in Paris. Founded in 1970, the club has traditionally worn red and blue kits. PSG has played its home matches in the 47,929-capacity Parc des Princes in the 16th arrondissement of Paris since 1974. The club plays in the highest tier of French football, Ligue 1.The Parisian club established itself as a major force in France, and one of the major forces of European football in the 2010s. PSG have won a total of 37 major trophies, making it the most successful French club in history by this measure. Paris SG is also the only club to have never been relegated from Ligue 1; the club with most consecutive seasons in the top-flight (they have played 45 seasons in Ligue 1 since 1974); one of only two French clubs to have won a major European title; and the most popular football club in France and one of the most widely supported teams in the world.Domestically, the Parisians have won eight Ligue 1 titles, a record twelve Coupe de France, a record eight Coupe de la Ligue, and a joint record eight Trophée des Champions titles. In European football, they have won one UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. The capital club has also won other minor official titles such as one Ligue 2 and one UEFA Intertoto Cup. PSG have a long-standing rivalry with Olympique de Marseille. The duo contest French football's most notorious match, known as Le Classique.The State of Qatar, through its shareholding organization Qatar Sports Investments (QSI), has been the club's owner since 2011. The takeover made Paris Saint-Germain the richest club in France and one of the wealthiest in the world. As of the 2017–18 season, PSG have the sixth-highest revenue in the footballing world with an annual turnover of €542m according to Deloitte, and are the world's eleventh most valuable football club, worth €825m according to Forbes.

Top 14

The Top 14 (French pronunciation: ​[tɔp katɔʀz]) is a professional rugby union club competition that is played in France created in 1892. The Top 14 is at the top of the national league system operated by the French National Rugby League, also known by its French initialism of LNR. There is promotion and relegation between the Top 14 and the next level down, the Rugby Pro D2. The fourteen best rugby teams in France participate in the competition, hence the name Top 14. The competition was previously known as the Top 16.

The first ever final took place in 1892, between two Paris-based sides, Stade Français and Racing Club de France, with the latter becoming the inaugural champions. The competition has been held on an annual basis since, except from 1915 to 1919—because of World War I—and from 1940 to 1942—because of World War II. Toulouse is the most successful club in the competition with 20 titles.

UEFA Euro 1984 Final

The UEFA Euro 1984 Final was a football match played on 27 June 1984 at Parc des Princes in Paris, France to determine the winner of UEFA Euro 1984. The match featured tournament hosts, France, who went into the match as favourites and arguably the best team in Europe, and Spain, who qualified for the final tournament with a highly unlikely 12-1 win over Malta.

France midfielder Michel Platini opened the scoring in the 57th minute with his ninth goal of the tournament, a low free-kick which spilled through the hands of the diving Spanish keeper Luis Arconada and over the goal line. Bruno Bellone doubled France's lead in the final minute with a left footed clip over the advancing goalkeeper to give them a 2–0 victory. Bellone's goal was the only one of France's fourteen goals to be scored by a striker.

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