Parbhani (parbhani, IPA pərbhNi (help·info)) is a city in Maharashtra state of India. It is the administrative headquarters of Parbhani District. Parbhani is the fourth largest city in Marathwada region of Maharashtra after Aurangabad, Nanded and Latur. Parbhani is around 200 kilometres (120 mi) away from regional headquarters of Aurangabad while it is 491 km (305 mi) away from the state capital Mumbai.
Along with the entire Marathwada region, Parbhani was a part of the erstwhile Nizam State; later a part of Hyderabad State; after reorganization of states in 1956 it became a part of the then-Bombay state; since 1960, it has been part of the present Maharashtra state.
Parbhani is home to Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Agricultural University, which is one of only four agriculture universities in Maharashtra. Moreover, Parbhani also has an annual festival at Hazrat Turabul Haq Dargah, which attracts lakhs of tourists each year.
Marathwada Martyr Monument, Parbhani
City Of Saints
|Named for||Prabhavati Goddess|
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Body||Parbhani Municipal Corporation|
|• Municipal Commissioner||Rahul Ashok Rekhawar|
|• Mayor||Mrs. Meena Warpudkar, (Indian National Congress)|
|• Deputy Mayor||Syed Sami Syed Sahebjan alias Maju Lala, Indian National Congress|
|• Member of Legislative Assembly||Dr. Rahul Vedprakash Patil, (Shiv Sena)|
|• Member of Parliament||Sanjay Haribhau Jadhav Alias Bandu, (Shiv Sena)|
|• City||37.77 km2 (14.58 sq mi)|
|Elevation||347 m (1,138 ft)|
|• Rank||India: 149th |
|• Density||244.44/km2 (633.1/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
431401, and 431402
|ISO 3166 code||IN-MH|
|Vehicle registration||MH-22 (for entire Parbhani District)|
|Sex ratio||958/1000 ♂/♀|
|Precipitation||1,700 millimetres (67 in)|
|Avg. annual temperature||21.2 °C (70.2 °F)|
|Avg. summer temperature||49 °C (120 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||02.1 °C (35.8 °F)|
In ancient times, Parbhani was known as "Prabhavati nagari" (Marathi: प्रभावतीनगरी) on account of the existence of a massive temple of Goddess Prabhavati. The name "Prabhavati" means goddess Lakshmi and Parvati. Present name Parbhani is a corrupt form of Prabhavati.
Parbhani was for over 650 years under Muslim rule, under the Deccan sultanates, the Mughals and later the Nizam of Hyderabad.The town remained a part of the Princely State of Hyderabad under the rulership of the Nizam until Operation Polo of the Indian Army in 1948. Thereafter it became part of the independent Republic of India. Until 1956 the town remained a part of Hyderabad State within India. Under the administrative reforms that year and the break-up of the State of Hyderabad, Parbhani and the adjacent towns were transferred to the multilingual Bombay State. Since 1960 it has been a part of State of Maharashtra.
According to the 2011 census, the population of Parbhani city is 307,170. Male and female populations are 157,628 and 149,563 respectively, a ratio of 949 females per 1000 males. The average literacy rate of Parbhani city is 84.34 percent (225,298 people), with male literacy at 90.71 percent and female at 77.70 percent. According to the census report, population of children (aged 0–6 years) in Parbhani city is a total of 40,075 of which 21,187 are males and 18,888 are females, a ratio of 981 females per 1000 males.
According to the 2011 census, the religious population of Parbhani city is as follows: Hindus 138,562; Muslims 126,702; Buddhists 36,203; Jains 2,870; Christians 697; Sikhs 632; and others 57, with 1,447 not stating a religion. Hinduism is the majority religion in Parbhani city with 45.11% followers. Islam is the second major religion in the city of Parbhani with approximately 41.25% following it and Buddhism by 9.21%, Christianity is followed by 0.23%, Jainism by 0.93%, Sikhism by 0.21%. Around 0.02% stated 'Other Religion', while approximately 0.47% stated 'No Particular Religion'.
According to the "Swacch Surveskshan 2018" (cleanliness survey) under Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Parbhani city was ranked under "greatest improvement over last year" category. Parbhani was one of the three cities of Maharashtra state to get the rank, along with Bhusawal, and Bhiwandi. In the same survey Parbhani was declared India’s best city in giving citizen feedback.
Parbhani is located at  It has an average elevation of 347 metres..
Parbhani district is uniformly laid by the Deccan lava flows in the form of horizontally bedded sheets, similar to Deccan trap formation of basaltic composition. Being in Godavari Valley, city's soil is very fertile, deep and rich in nutrients.
In the fields of academics, the city is known mainly for the Agriculture University, and because of the university it is also known for the preparation of competitive exams for civil serives like Maharashtra Public Service Commission, and Union Public Service Commission.
The history of agriculture research in Parbhani dates back to pre-independence era. It began with the commencement of "Main Experimental Farm" of erstwhile Nizam State in 1918. However, agricultural education was available only at Hyderabad but crop research centres for sorghum, cotton, fruits among few others existed in Parbhani.
The first college of Agriculture was established in this region at Parbhani in 1956 by Hyderabad State Government just before the Maharashtra State reorganisation. The current day Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Agricultural University (VNMAU) was established on 18 May 1972 as "Marathwada Agriculture University" to fulfil the regional aspirations of agrarian growth, with further responsibilities to provide education in agriculture and allied fields, and to undertake research and facilitate technology transfer in Marathwada region. It is one of the only four Agricultural Universities in the State of Maharashtra.
Since 1970s, Parbhani has proved itself as the hub of educational, research, and extension activities. The famous 'Gaorani' cotton, a breed of Indian cotton, is the result of research facilities at Parbhani. The university was renamed after the name of former Chief Minister of Maharashta, Vasantrao Naik, in 2013.
"College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences" is located on he campus of VNMAU which is one of the constituent Veterinary Colleges coming under the authority of Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Nagpur from 2000. Earlier this college was established in 1972 as a part of Marathwada Agriculture University.
Some of the notable colleges in the city are but not limited to:
P.D. Jain Homoeopathic Medical College which was established 1918, Saraswati Dhanwantari Dental College, Rajiv Gandhi College of Agriculture, and Food Technology, Beleshwar Institute of Nursing, Sitaramji Mundada Marathwada Polytechnic College, Dnyanopasak College of Arts, Commerce, Science, and Technology, Sharda Mahavidyalaya, Yeshwant College of Information Technology, Bioinformatics and Biotechnology, Dr. Zakir Hussain College, Karmayogi Dada Jr College and Godavari Shikshan Prasarak Mandal's B.Raghunath Arts, commerce and Science College. The Shri Shivaji College in the city hosts a multitude of courses including Arts, Commerce, Science, Law, Diploma in Engineering, Engineering and Management, and Diploma in Pharmacy
Some of the prominent junior colleges, and schools from the city are:
Bal Vidya Mandir High School and Jr. College, Shree Shivaji Junior College of Arts, Commerce, Science, and Vocational Science, Dnyanopasak Junior College of Arts, Commerce, and Science, Dr. Zakir Hussain High School and Jr. College, Queens English School and Jr College, Gandhi Vidhyalaya High School, Marathwada High School, Orchid English School,Aurobindo Akshar Jyoti School,Podar International School, St. Augustine School, Govt. Multipurpose School, and Govt. Girls School.
Churches In Parbhani Include Christ Gospel Church, Church Of The Nazarene, Good News Church, New Apostolic Church.
Temples in Parbhani include Shree Motha Maruti a temple of Lord Hanuman, Shree Supari Hanuman Mandir, Jabreshwar, Ashtbhuja Mandir, Pardeshwar Temple and Beleshwar Temple of Lord Mahadev, Shri Siddhivinayak Ganpati Temple of lord Ganesha, Nagraj Temple, and temple of Maata Hingulambika.
Hazarat Shah Turabul Haq Dargah (Turatpir) is located in Parbhani Town. The Dargah consists of the tomb of Hazrat Turabul Haq Shah, a Muslim saint who lived here during the last days of his life. The Dargah is famous for annual Urs, the death anniversary. Urs is an important festival where people of all religions come together and celebrate for a week (usually start from 2 to 15 February). Dargah of Hazrat Qurban Ali shah, dargah of Hazrat Akhund Shah and dargah of many other saints are also situated in the city.
Essential basic needs of healthcare are present, as well as high-end facilities. A number of intensive care units and four Multi Super Specialty Hospitals are operational as of January 2017.
City has District Civil Hospital with 412 beds. City has Government Eye Hospital as well. It also has a separate Government Hospital for Women. Parbhani Civil Hospital proficiently carries out government operations as Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana, "National Rural Health Mission" for school going kids, "National Program for Prevention and Control of Diabetes, Cardio-Vascular Diseases, Cancer and Stroke". It also has a department to prevent and take action against swine flue. Through its workshops of "Adolescent Reproductive & Sexual Health" the Civil Hospital tries to spread awareness against underage marriages, and teen pregnancy. Along with these, the Civil Hospital carries out its traditional duties of spreading awareness of basic hygiene, healthcare, and vaccinations. Civil hospital does not charge any individual for acquiring condoms, and other contraceptives. It also provides most of the necessary medicines for free. The Civil Hospital charges a nominal fees for its services like surgeries.
The transport system of the city is largely dependent on rails. Parbhani railway station is a railway junction situated on Secunderabad-Manmad section of South Central Railway Zone. The town has connectivity to major cities of Maharashtra, such as Aurangabad, Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune and Ajmer. It is also connected to other Indian cities like New Delhi, Ajmer, Hyderabad, Nizamabad, Visakhapatnam and Chennai. Parbhani Junction has many facilities, such as baggage check, metal detectors, VIP Lounge, parking, ATMs, ATVM (Automatic Ticket Vending Machines), canteen (Rail Aahar), fruit stalls, book stalls, Indian Post (Bhartiya Daak), foot over-bridges, water for passenger's, milk dairy, television, wifi network (54Mbit/s), etc.
Central Bus Station of Parbhani connects Parbhani to other states of India, such as Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. There are multiple daily buses of MSRTC Parbhani Division between Parbhani to other metropolitan cities within Maharashtra, and although at less frequency, there are buses to metropolitan cities from other states mentioned above.
National Highway 61 old numbering NH222, which connects the states Telangana and Maharashtra, passes through the town, which makes it have connectivity to Mumbai, Nanded. The NH61 paves its way into National Highway 3 at Kalyan. These highways open further connectivity options for Parbhani, making it to connect with north-eastern cities of Indore, Jhansi, Agra and North-Southern cities like Varanasi, Nagpur, Adilabad, Nizamabad, Hyderabad, Bangalore and Kanyakumari.
On 31 December 1998 State Government approved to construct airport in Parbhani. Which was later stalled on 1 November 2001. This project is currently shelved. The location for airport was never decided.
Municipal transport buses were used to serve the city, but now "Auto Rikshaw" (three wheelers) is only public transport available in the city. During the yearly Urus (first fortnight of February month) The Municipal Corporation starts daily city buses across all major areas/neighbourhoods of Parbhani city.
Economy of Parbhani is largely depended on agriculture, and agribusiness. It has Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation area for development of industries in the region, but does not have any big industry.
Parbhani's All India Radio (Ākāshvāṇī) radio station was commissioned and became operational in 1968. With four studios, it produces programmes in Marathi, Hindi, English, Urdu and Sanskrit languages. It also provides dubbing services. The transmission covers Parbhani, Nanded, Hingoli, Latur, Jalna, Beed and Osmanabad districts, resulting an audience of approximately 10 lakhs. The frequency of transmission is 1305 kHz (MW). Parbhani also has Doordarshan Relay Centre.
All the major newspapers, and electronic news media channels have their offices, or representatives in the city.
Many sports establishments are available in Parbhani, such as swimming pool, tennis, badminton courts, cricket club, basketball club, baseball club. These clubs are operated by PMC's Department of Sports.
In 2011 Maharashtra State cabinet decided to elevate Parbhani along with Latur and Chandrapur to municipal corporation as city crossed mark of 3,00,000 population in 2011 census. First election for the Municipal Corporation was conducted in 2012, after the predecessor City Council's term ended.
"Parbhani Lok Sabha constituency" is one of the 48 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Maharashtra state in western India. This constituency covers the entire Parbhani district and a part of Jalna district.
Bramhangaon also known as Bramangaon is a village in Parbhani taluka of Parbhani district of Maharashtra state in India.Dharmapuri, Parbhani
Dharmapuri is a village in Parbhani taluka of Parbhani district of Maharashtra state in India.Gangakhed
Gangakhed is a city and a municipal council in Parbhani district in the state of Maharashtra, India.Jamb, Parbhani
Jamb also known as Jam is a village in Parbhani taluka of Parbhani district of Maharashtra state in India.Jintur
Jintur city and a municipal council in Parbhani district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.Manwath
Manwath is a town with municipal council in Parbhani district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.Marathwada
Marathwada (IPA:Marāṭhvāḍā) is a region of the Indian state of Maharashtra. The usage of the word "Marathwada" exists since the times of the Nizams. The region coincides with the Aurangabad Division of Maharashtra. It borders the states of Karnataka and Telangana, and it lies to the west of the Vidarbha and east of Khandesh regions of Maharashtra. The largest city of Marathwada is Aurangabad. Its people speak Marathi and Dakhini.Nandkheda, Parbhani
Nandkheda is a village in Parbhani taluka of Parbhani district of Maharashtra state in India.Parbhani (Lok Sabha constituency)
Parbhani Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 48 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Maharashtra state in western India. This constituency covers the entire Parbhani district and a part of Jalna district.Parbhani district
Parbhani district, is one of the eight districts in the Marathawada region of Maharashtra state of India. Parbhani city is the headquarters of this district. Parbhani district is well known for religious tourism of Jainism, HinduismPingali, Parbhani
Pingali also known as Pingali Kothala is a village and railway station in Parbhani taluka of Parbhani district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.Purna
Purna is a town with a municipal council in Parbhani district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.Purna Junction railway station
Purna railway station is a main railway station in Parbhani district, Maharashtra. Its code is PAU. It serves Purna city. The station consists of four platforms. Purna has rail connectivity with Manmad, Aurangabad, Nanded, Parbhani, Parli Vaijnath, Latur, Osmanabad, Gangakhed, Mudkhed, Adilabad, Nagpur, Basar, Nizamabad, Nasik, Mumbai, Delhi, Pune, Daund, Mahbubnagar, Kurnool, Kadapa, Renigunta, Tirupati, Katpadi, Erode, Madurai and Kachiguda.,Purna River (tributary of Godavari)
The Purna River is a major left-bank tributary of Godavari River originating in the Ajanta Range of hills in Aurangabad District, Maharashtra.The river lies in the rain shadow region of Maharashtra, on the Deccan Plateau, flowing through the districts of Aurangabad, Buldana, Jalna, Hingoli and Parbhani with a large catchment area measuring about 15,579 km2.This enormous catchment area is often tagged as a sub-basin of Godavari River and along with its tributaries forms a dendritic drainage pattern. It is a prime river in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra running for about 373 km before it confluences with Godavari River south of Purna city in the Parbhani district.Sailu
Sailu also known as Selu is a city and a municipal council in Parbhani district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.Sanjay Haribhau Jadhav
Sanjay Haribhau Jadhav commonly known as Bandu Jadhav Or Bandu Boss (b 1967) is a politician from Parbhani in the Maharashtra state of India. He was elected as a member of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly from Parbhani for 2009-2014 as a Shiv Sena candidate.
He contested the 2014 Lok Sabha elections from Parbhani constituency as a candidate from Shiv Sena, a part of National Democratic Alliance.Tourism in Marathwada
Tourism in Marathwada refers to tourism in Marathwada region of Maharashtra state of India. Aurangabad city is a regional headquarter of Marathwada and tourism capital of Maharashtra state. Out of 4 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Maharashtra, 2 of them are in Marathwada. Also there are 110 monuments in Marathwada which are protected by Government of Maharashtra and recognized by Archaeological Survey of India. Marathwada is also important region for Religious tourism, out of 12 Jyotirlingas of Hindu God Shiva, 3 are in Marathwada. Hazur Sahib Nanded is the second holiest place in Sikhism after Harminder Sahib (Golden Temple) of Amritsir. There are also sufi shrines in Marathwada, most famous among them is Turabul Haq Dargah at Parbhani where thousands of people of all religion visits dargah annually. Pathri in Parbhani district is birthplace of Sai Baba of Shirdi and Sai Baba Birth Temple in Pathri is one of major religious tourism place in Marathwada.Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth
Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth (VNMKV), formerly Marathwada Agricultural University (MAU), is an agricultural university at Parbhani in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It was established on 18 May 1972, sitting on land donated by the 7th Nizam of Hyderabad-Mir Osman Ali Khan . The objectives of the university are education in agriculture and allied sciences, research based on regional needs and facilitate technology transfer, etc. It is the only agricultural university in India where all the branches of Agricultural Sciences are taught. It is named after former Chief Minister of Maharashtra Vasantrao Naik.
Funded and regulated by the ICAR, Government of India.Yeldari Dam
Yeldari Dam, is an earthfill dam on Purna river near Yeldari in Jintur taluka of Parbhani district in the state of Maharashtra in India. It is the second largest dam in Marathwada region. Dam is renovated and developed as a big reservoir and also tourist attraction spot in Parbhani district.
|Climate data for Parbhani (1961–1990)|
|Record high °C (°F)||38.0
|Average high °C (°F)||29.7
|Average low °C (°F)||12.3
|Record low °C (°F)||4.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||5.7
|Average rainy days||0.4||0.4||0.8||0.8||1.8||8.8||10.8||11.2||8.9||3.2||0.8||0.7||48.6|
|Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)|
|Districts of Marathwada|
|Divisions and |
|Million-plus cities |
|Other cities with |
Major Villages of Parbhani district