Paraw

The paraw is a double outrigger sail boat native to the Visayas region of the Philippines. The paraw is similar to a proa, but the paraw has two outriggers or katig. They characteristically have large crab-claw sails opposite a smaller triangular foresail.

Boracay Sailing Paraw
A paraw sailing on Boracay Island

Etymology

Visayan paraw with crab claw sails in the Philippines
Paraw sailboats in Boracay with traditional Austronesian crab claw sails

The word paraw also parao is related to proa and may be used to denote a boat. However, the term for boats (with or without outriggers) in the Philippines without sails or layag are typically called vanca or bangka.

Characteristics

The paraw has three major elements that make it a paraw: the bangka (canoe), the katig (outriggers), and the layag (sails). Motorized versions of bangkas (with outriggers) are commonly known as pump boats and are used for inter-island travel.

Paraws can sail between 11 and 17 knots (20~31 km/h). The outriggers (ama), or katig, are made of wood or bamboo, and may be straight or curved upward much like skis.

Construction

Paraw (Philippines)
A paraw sailboat on a beach

Traditionally these boats have been made from dungon, guisoc, ipil, duca, baslayan, obacya, bayog, Philippine mahogany (lawaan), basa and molave. Modern versions use plywood. The ropes of the boats are traditionally made from abaca (Manila hemp), but are now often synthetic rope.

The boat or canoe without outriggers is called a bangka (vanca) or baroto (also baloto) and may be dug out from solid tree trunk or made of planks secured with wooden nails. People familiar with terminology relating to the proa may recognize this as the vaka. The boat itself may be classified by passenger capacity as isahan ("for one [person]") or duwahan ("for two [persons]"), but the paraw usually has capacity for more than two people, leading to its use in ferrying small groups of passengers and goods between islands. The narrow cross-section of the boat made it sleek, cutting across water without a lot of drag.

The two katig or outriggers usually made from bamboo or various kinds of wood and served as counterpoise so that the boat would not easily overturn. They are attached to the boat via tarik (akas). The presence of the outriggers negates the need for a heavy keel and therefore reduces the overall weight of the paraw without sacrificing stability.

The layag or main sail may be made of anything from woven mats, cloth, canvas even sack cloth. Traditionally the main sail is similar to a lateen rig or a crabclaw sail and is attached to a vertical and horizontal spar, the sail differs from a traditional lateen rig in that the vertical spar is parallel to the mast and does not suffer from bad tack. The sail's spar may be as long as the mast, unattached and may appear to be longer than the mast when attached to it. There are no guidelines as to how the main sail is shaped but it may approximate an equilateral triangle. The paraw is also equipped with a foresail or jib and adds to the overall surface area and generated thrust derived from the wind. A variation of the paraw with rectangular sails is the vinta.

The mast, commonly made of bamboo, is secured by lines attached to, among other things, the outriggers, the fore (and sometimes, the aft) and various parts of the boat. Historically, the mast of smaller paraws was a spear or bangkaw and was a useful part of the ship when conducting raids against other seaside villages.

Current uses

Balatik

Coron, veduta dal mare 08 imbarcazione di legno
The Balatik, a 74 ft (23 m) sailing paraw used by Tao Philippines in Coron, Palawan

In November 2012, a team led by the artisan Gener Paduga, along with the Tao Philippines organization, started building a full-sized paraw sailboat in Palawan. Paduca originally envisioned the project while crewing a sailing yacht from Palawan to Africa. After having witnessed the thriving native sailing traditions in the Indian Ocean, he decided to revive the almost extinct native boat-building and sailing traditions of the Philippines. Sailing ships, which were once used throughout the islands, were in steep decline after engines became widely available in the 1970s.[1][2]

The team consisted of several traditional boat carpenters from the islands of Cagayancillo and Romblon. The boat was constructed entirely using native techniques and also featured intricate designs by two master carvers of the native Palaw'an people. The boat was completed in March 2014 and was officially named the Balatik. It is 74 ft (23 m) long and 9 ft (2.7 m) at the widest point of the hull.[1][3][2] It has two masts with four sails and could be crewed by three or four people. The boat is currently used both for tourism and for educational and social welfare projects of the Tao Kalahi Foundation in Palawan.[4]

Paraw Regatta

The Paraw Regatta a large tourism event is held annually since 1973 is a 36.5 kilometer race held in the Iloilo City.

Paraw sailing Boracay Island

Before Boracay Island became a tourist resort, paraws were used for fishing and transportation of people as well as goods. Paraw sailing these days is a major tourist attraction. Local sailors offer their paraws for Island hopping and sunset sailing for a fairly small renting fee.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Palawan Paraw: A Blog Documenting the Construction and Voyages of a Traditional Filipino Sailboat". Wordpress. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  2. ^ a b Diamond, Isabel (23 October 2014). "Philippines: Reviving the lost art of sailing in Palawan". The Telegraph. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  3. ^ "Palawan by Paraw Boat". Travel+Leisure. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  4. ^ "Palawan Paraw: Reviving a Relic of Filipino Culture" (PDF). Wordpress. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
Arevalo, Iloilo City

Villa de Arevalo commonly known as simply Villa or Arevalo is one of the seven districts of Iloilo City, in the province of Iloilo. It was founded as La Villa Rica de Arévalo by a group of Spanish and Mexican soldiers and their commanding officer who built his mansion along the coastal settlement in 1581. Though formally founded in the said year, Villa de Arevalo dates back its establishment in 1566 when Spanish conquerors established a settlement in the areas between it and the neighboring town of Oton.

It was absorbed by Iloílo City during the 20th century along with the towns of Mandurriao, La Paz, Molo and the city of Jaro. Arevalo is the westernmost district of Iloilo City and it borders Oton to the west.

Its church possesses the third oldest Santo Niño (Infant Jesus) image in the Philippines. Arevalo is sometimes given the title "Flower Capital of Iloilo",where potted plants, flowers, bouquets, wreaths can be bought. Arevalo is also famous for its firecrackers and fireworks. Its prominent attraction is the Villa Beach (Playa de Villa de Arevalo) along the coast which boasts several resorts and an outdoor nightlife such as open air restaurants and bars.

Villa de Arevalo is the first Spanish named town established by the Spanish colonists in the Philippines and Asia.

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Canoe sailing

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Crab claw sail

The crab claw sail or, as it is sometimes known, Oceanic lateen or Oceanic sprit, is a triangular sail with spars along upper and lower edges. The crab claw sail is used in many traditional Austronesian cultures, as can be seen by the traditional paraw, proa, lakana, and tepukei.

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Iloilo Convention Center

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The outrigger canoe is a type of canoe featuring one or more lateral support floats known as outriggers, which are fastened to one or both sides of the main hull. Smaller canoes often employ a single outrigger on the port side, while larger canoes may employ a single-outrigger, double-outrigger, or double-hull configuration (see also catamaran). The sailing canoes are an important part of the Austronesian heritage. They are also very popular in Puerto Rico.

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The Paraw Kukherd Qanat structures and ruins are located in the Kukherd District (Persian: بخش كوخرد‎), in Hormozgan Province. They are under the administration of the city of kukherd In Bastak County.

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Paraw Regatta Festival

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The Paraw race course is a 30 kilometres (19 mi) long, running up the coast of Panay and then down the coast of Guimaras, before returning to the finish at Villa Beach. Participating paraws are categorized based on the waterline length of the boat and further classified according to their sails as "unpainted" or "painted". The sails are painted with colorful designs.

The racing breaks down into two classes. Boats of length 16 ft and below of strictly traditional construction and those 16 ft 1 inch through to 22 ft with a wider range of materials allowed.

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The Central Echo, also known as CE or Central Echo, is the official student paper of Central Philippine University. It was founded in 1910, five years after Central's forerunner, the Jaro Industrial School opened. The Central Echo is one of the oldest student publication in the Philippines.The Central Echo, established and for printed its publication originally as The Hoe, evolved to be one of the best college student publications in the Western Visayas region: It has been recognized as Second Best Magazine and Fifth Best Newspaper by the Philippine Information Agency-Region 6 in 2009. Central Echo circulates twice in a regular semester and a summer literary folio every summer, but turned into a wide range of publications with tabloid and recently released Paraw, an art portfolio of the publication.

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