Paolo Marella (25 January 1895 – 15 October 1984) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served in the Roman Curia following a career as a delegate of the Holy See, and was elevated to the cardinalate by Pope John XXIII in 1959.
|Vice-Dean of the College of Cardinals|
Marella circa 1942.
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|Appointed||12 December 1977|
|Term ended||15 October 1984|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina (1972-84)|
|Ordination||23 February 1918|
by Basilio Pompili
|Consecration||29 October 1933|
by Pietro Fumasoni Biondi
|Created cardinal||14 December 1959|
by Pope John XXIII
|Birth name||Paolo Marella|
|Born||25 January 1895|
Rome, Kingdom of Italy
|Died||15 October 1984 (aged 89)|
|Motto||Ipsam sequens non devias|
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
|See||Porto e Santa Rufina (suburbicarian)|
Marella was born in Rome to Luigi and Vincenza (née Baldoni) Marella, and studied at the Pontifical Roman Seminary and the La Sapienza University. He was ordained to the priesthood by Cardinal Basilio Pompili on 23 February 1918, and then furthered his studies whilst doing pastoral work in Rome until 1922.
From 1922 to 1924, Marella was an official of the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith in the Roman Curia. He was raised to the rank of Privy Chamberlain of His Holiness on 9 January 1923, and later Domestic Prelate of His Holiness on 5 April 1933. He then served as auditor (1924–1933) and chargé d'affaires (February to September 1933) of the Apostolic Delegation to the United States.
On 15 September 1933, Marella was appointed Titular Archbishop of Doclea by Pope Pius XI. He received his episcopal consecration on the following 29 October from Cardinal Pietro Fumasoni Biondi, with Archbishops Carlo Salotti and Domenico Spolverini serving as co-consecrators, at the chapel of Collegio de Propaganda Fide in Rome. Marella was named Apostolic Delegate to Japan the next day, on 30 October. In 1942, when the Vatican accepted de facto diplomatic relations with Japan, Marella was given "full diplomatic privileges". He was made Apostolic Delegate to Australia, New Zealand, and Oceania on 27 October 1948.
Also in the 1940s, Marella was sent to France as an agent of Pope Pius XII when he was aiming to stamp out the Worker-Priest movement that the Pope believed Cardinal Emmanuel Célestin Suhard had been supporting despite his protests otherwise. Although Suhard's death in 1949 greatly eased Pius's task, it was not until Marella succeeded Archbishop Angelo Roncalli (the future Pope John XXIII) as Nuncio to France on 15 April 1953 that the suppression was completed.
Pope John XXIII created him a cardinal in pectore (secretly) on 14 December 1959 and announced him publicly as Cardinal-Priest of Sant'Andrea delle Fratte in the consistory of 28 March 1960. Appointed Archpriest of St. Peter's Basilica and Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of the Fabric of St. Peter's Basilica on 14 August 1961, Marella attended the Second Vatican Council from 1962 to 1965, and was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 1963 papal conclave, which elected Pope Paul VI.
He acted as papal legate to the inauguration of the Vatican pavilion at the New York World's Fair on 20 February 1964, presiding over the unveiling of the Pietà and presenting Cardinal Francis Spellman with a topaz brooch once worn by Pius XII as a gift from Pope Paul. Marella returned home with four honorary doctorates, including one from the Catholic University of America, which had prohibited four liberal theologians from delivering lectures there the previous year, for which the conservative Cardinal Marella commended the university.
He became President of the Secretariat for Non-Christians on 19 May 1964, and again served as a papal legate, to the eighth centennial celebration of the erection of Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris (27 May 1964), to the centennial celebration for the arrival of the first Catholic missionaries in Japan in Tokyo (12 January 1965), and to the National Congress of the Confederation of the Christian Doctrine in Pittsburgh (28 August 1966).
In 1970, Marella served as the papal representative to Expo '70 in Osaka. His career then wound down during the 1970s, and he resigned his presidency of the Secretariat at the end of February 1973, whilst two years later he lost the right to vote in a papal conclave on reaching eighty. From 12 December 1977 until his death Marella was vice-dean of the College of Cardinals.
|Catholic Church titles|
| President of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue
19 May 1964 – 26 February 1973
1894 in Italy,
other events of 1895,
1896 in Italy.
Events from the year 1895 in Italy.Apostolic Nunciature to Australia
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The mission was established as an Apostolic Delegation by Pope Pius X on 15 April 1914, with Archbishop Bonaventura Cerretti as its first head. It was raised to an Apostolic Nunciature by Pope Paul VI by a Decree dated March 5, 1973. Current nuncio has been Adolfo Tito Yllana since 2015.Apostolic Nunciature to France
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It was the first conclave since the promulgation of Ingravescentem aetatem (1970), which made cardinals who had reached the age of 80 by the day the conclave began ineligible to participate in the balloting. There were 15 cardinals excluded by that rule. The number of votes cast for Luciani on the final ballot was so great that even the uniform opposition of these cardinals would not have changed the outcome.Aurelio Sabattani
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Cardinal József Mindszenty refused to leave the U.S. Legation in Budapest where he had lived since 1956 unless the Hungarian government met his demands for religious freedom in Hungary. Cardinal Carlos María de la Torre of Quito, Ecuador, was 89 years old and could not make the journey because he had suffered a stroke the previous December and was bedridden with thrombosis.Doclea (town)
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The Fabric of Saint Peter (Latin: Reverenda Fabrica Sancti Petri, Italian: Fabbrica di San Pietro) is an institution of the Roman Catholic Church responsible for the conservation and maintenance of St. Peter's Basilica and exercising vigilance over its sacred character and the organization of visitors. While it is not part of the Roman Curia, the 1988 apostolic constitution Pastor bonus recognizes it as "closely associated with the Holy See." The Fabric has existed under various names and varying responsibilities since 1523, when Pope Clement VII established a commission to build and administer the Basilica.Foreign relations of Pope Pius XII
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Taguchi was born in Sotome, Nagasaki (now part of the city of Nagasaki). After graduation from Sapientia University, now St. Thomas University, Japan, he studied at the Pontifical Urbaniana University and Pontifical Athenaeum S. Apollinare in Rome, where he was ordained to the priesthood on December 22, 1928. After finishing his studies in 1931, he returned to the Archdiocese of Tokyo, where he served as a seminary professor and director general of the Catholic Press Centre until 1936. From 1936 to 1940, he was secretary of the Apostolic Delegation to Japan.On November 25, 1941, Taguchi was appointed Bishop of Osaka by Pope Pius XII. He received his episcopal consecration on the following December 14 from Apostolic Delegate in Japan Archbishop Paolo Marella, with Archbishop Peter Doi and Bishop Johannes Ross, S.J. serving as co-consecrators, at the Cathedral of Tokyo. He attended the Second Vatican Council from 1962 to 1965, and was promoted to the rank of metropolitan archbishop on July 24, 1969. He also served as President of the Japanese Episcopal Conference from 1970 to 1978. Pope Paul VI created him Cardinal Priest of S. Maria in Via in the consistory of March 5, 1973.Taguchi died in Osaka, aged 75; he is buried in the Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Osaka.His most accessible writing in English is "The study of Sacred Scripture".Pope Paul VI's reform of the Roman Curia
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