Paolo Marella

Paolo Marella (25 January 1895 – 15 October 1984) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served in the Roman Curia following a career as a delegate of the Holy See, and was elevated to the cardinalate by Pope John XXIII in 1959.


Paolo Marella
Vice-Dean of the College of Cardinals
Paolo Marella
Marella circa 1942.
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
Appointed12 December 1977
Term ended15 October 1984
PredecessorCarlo Confalonieri
SuccessorSebastiano Baggio
Other postsCardinal-Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina (1972-84)
Orders
Ordination23 February 1918
by Basilio Pompili
Consecration29 October 1933
by Pietro Fumasoni Biondi
Created cardinal14 December 1959
by Pope John XXIII
RankCardinal-Priest (1960-72)
Cardinal-Bishop (1972-84)
Personal details
Birth namePaolo Marella
Born25 January 1895
Rome, Kingdom of Italy
Died15 October 1984 (aged 89)
Rome, Italy
BuriedCampo Verano
ParentsLuigi Marella
Vincenza Baldoni
Previous post
Alma mater
MottoIpsam sequens non devias
Styles of
Paolo Marella
Paolo Marella
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal
SeePorto e Santa Rufina (suburbicarian)

Biography

Marella was born in Rome to Luigi and Vincenza (née Baldoni) Marella, and studied at the Pontifical Roman Seminary and the La Sapienza University. He was ordained to the priesthood by Cardinal Basilio Pompili on 23 February 1918, and then furthered his studies whilst doing pastoral work in Rome until 1922.

From 1922 to 1924, Marella was an official of the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith in the Roman Curia. He was raised to the rank of Privy Chamberlain of His Holiness on 9 January 1923, and later Domestic Prelate of His Holiness on 5 April 1933. He then served as auditor (1924–1933) and chargé d'affaires (February to September 1933) of the Apostolic Delegation to the United States.

On 15 September 1933, Marella was appointed Titular Archbishop of Doclea by Pope Pius XI. He received his episcopal consecration on the following 29 October from Cardinal Pietro Fumasoni Biondi, with Archbishops Carlo Salotti and Domenico Spolverini serving as co-consecrators, at the chapel of Collegio de Propaganda Fide in Rome. Marella was named Apostolic Delegate to Japan the next day, on 30 October. In 1942, when the Vatican accepted de facto diplomatic relations with Japan, Marella was given "full diplomatic privileges".[1] He was made Apostolic Delegate to Australia, New Zealand, and Oceania on 27 October 1948.

Also in the 1940s, Marella was sent to France as an agent of Pope Pius XII when he was aiming to stamp out the Worker-Priest movement that the Pope believed Cardinal Emmanuel Célestin Suhard had been supporting despite his protests otherwise. Although Suhard's death in 1949 greatly eased Pius's task, it was not until Marella succeeded Archbishop Angelo Roncalli (the future Pope John XXIII) as Nuncio to France on 15 April 1953 that the suppression was completed.

Pope John XXIII created him a cardinal in pectore (secretly) on 14 December 1959 and announced him publicly as Cardinal-Priest of Sant'Andrea delle Fratte in the consistory of 28 March 1960. Appointed Archpriest of St. Peter's Basilica and Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of the Fabric of St. Peter's Basilica on 14 August 1961, Marella attended the Second Vatican Council from 1962 to 1965, and was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 1963 papal conclave, which elected Pope Paul VI.

He acted as papal legate to the inauguration of the Vatican pavilion at the New York World's Fair on 20 February 1964, presiding over the unveiling of the Pietà and presenting Cardinal Francis Spellman with a topaz brooch once worn by Pius XII as a gift from Pope Paul.[2] Marella returned home with four honorary doctorates, including one from the Catholic University of America, which had prohibited four liberal theologians from delivering lectures there the previous year, for which the conservative Cardinal Marella commended the university.

He became President of the Secretariat for Non-Christians on 19 May 1964, and again served as a papal legate, to the eighth centennial celebration of the erection of Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris (27 May 1964), to the centennial celebration for the arrival of the first Catholic missionaries in Japan in Tokyo (12 January 1965), and to the National Congress of the Confederation of the Christian Doctrine in Pittsburgh (28 August 1966).

In 1970, Marella served as the papal representative to Expo '70 in Osaka. His career then wound down during the 1970s, and he resigned his presidency of the Secretariat at the end of February 1973, whilst two years later he lost the right to vote in a papal conclave on reaching eighty. From 12 December 1977 until his death Marella was vice-dean of the College of Cardinals.

References

  1. ^ TIME Magazine. Rising Sun aT the Vatican 6 April 1942
  2. ^ TIME Magazine. Flying Red Hats 22 May 1964

External links

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
none
President of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue
19 May 1964 – 26 February 1973
Succeeded by
Sergio Pignedoli
1895 in Italy

See also:

1894 in Italy,

other events of 1895,

1896 in Italy.

Events from the year 1895 in Italy.

Apostolic Nunciature to Australia

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The mission was established as an Apostolic Delegation by Pope Pius X on 15 April 1914, with Archbishop Bonaventura Cerretti as its first head. It was raised to an Apostolic Nunciature by Pope Paul VI by a Decree dated March 5, 1973. Current nuncio has been Adolfo Tito Yllana since 2015.

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It was the first conclave since the promulgation of Ingravescentem aetatem (1970), which made cardinals who had reached the age of 80 by the day the conclave began ineligible to participate in the balloting. There were 15 cardinals excluded by that rule. The number of votes cast for Luciani on the final ballot was so great that even the uniform opposition of these cardinals would not have changed the outcome.

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Their history goes back further than that, however, dating back to the arrival of Francis Xavier on Kyushu island in 1549 as a missionary. A delegation of four young Japanese envoys traveled with him back to Europe and paid a visit to several European leaders, including Pope Gregory XIII. They were greeted with celebration and brought Japan to the Vatican's attention. The expansion of Christianity in Japan continued for several decades until it was banned in the early 17th century, which remained in place until being lifted by Emperor Meiji in 1873 as part of his reforms. Nonetheless, the number of Catholics in Japan has always remained small, making up less than .5% of the population.

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