Pampanga

Pampanga (Kapampangan: Lalauígan ning Kapampángan; Tagalog: Lalawigan ng Pampanga) is a province in the Central Luzon region of the Philippines. Lying on the northern shore of Manila Bay, Pampanga is bordered by Tarlac to the north, Nueva Ecija to the northeast, Bulacan to the east, the Manila Bay to the central-south, Bataan to the southwest and Zambales to the west. Its capital is the City of San Fernando. Angeles City, while geographically within Pampanga, is classified as a first-class, highly urbanized city and is governed independently of the province.

The name La Pampanga was given by the Spaniards, who encountered natives living along the banks (pampáng) of the Pampanga River. Its creation in 1571 makes it the first Spanish province on Luzon Island (Cebu in Visayas is older as it was founded by the Spaniards in 1565). The town of Villa de Bacolor in the province briefly served as the Spanish colonial capital when Great Britain invaded Manila as part of the Seven Years' War. At the eve of the Philippine Revolution of 1896, Pampanga was one of eight provinces placed under martial law for rebellion against the Spanish Empire; it is thus represented on the Philippine national flag as one of the eight rays of the sun.

Pampanga is served by Clark International Airport (formerly Diosdado Macapagal International Airport), which is in Clark Freeport Zone, some 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) north of the provincial capital. The province is home to two Philippine Air Force airbases: Basa Air Base in Floridablanca and the former United States Clark Air Base in Angeles City. By 2015, the province has 2,198,110 inhabitants,[2] while it has 1,079,532 registered voters.[3]

Pampanga
Province of Pampanga
Pampanga Provincial Capitol
Pampanga Provincial Capitol
Flag of Pampanga

Flag
Official seal of Pampanga

Seal
Nickname(s): 
Culinary Capital of the Philippines, Tilapia Capital of the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°04′N 120°40′E / 15.07°N 120.67°ECoordinates: 15°04′N 120°40′E / 15.07°N 120.67°E
CountryPhilippines
RegionCentral Luzon (Region III)
FoundedDecember 11, 1571
CapitalSan Fernando
Government
 • TypeSangguniang Panlalawigan
 • GovernorLilia G. Pineda (NUP/KAMBILAN)
 • Vice GovernorDennis "Delta" G. Pineda (NPC/KAMBILAN)
Area
 • Total2,002.20 km2 (773.05 sq mi)
Area rank61st out of 81
 (excluding Angeles City)
Highest elevation1,486 m (4,875 ft)
Population
(2015 census)[2]
 • Total2,198,110
 • Rank9th out of 81
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
 • Density rank5th out of 81
 (excluding Angeles City)
Divisions
 • Independent cities
 • Component cities
 • Municipalities
 • Barangays
 • Districts4
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups
 • Languages
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
2000–2024
IDD:area code+63 (0)45
ISO 3166 codePH
Websitewww.pampanga.gov.ph

History

Ancient Pampanga's Territorial area included portions of the modern provinces of Tarlac, Bataan, Zambales, Nueva Ecija and Bulacan. Pampanga was re-organized as a province by the Spaniards on December 11, 1571. For better administration and taxation purposes, the Spanish authorities subdivided Pampanga into pueblos, which were further subdivided into districts (barrios) and in some cases into royal and private estates (encomiendas).

Due to excessive abuses committed by some encomenderos, King Philip II of Spain in 1574 prohibited the further awarding of private estates, but this decree was not fully enforced until 1620. In a report of Philippine encomiendas on June 20, 1591, Governor-General Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas reported to the Crown that La Pampanga's encomiendas were Bataan, Betis y Lubao, Macabebe, Candaba, Apalit, Calumpit, Malolos, Binto, Guiguinto, Caluya, Bulacan and Mecabayan. The encomiendas of La Pampanga at that time had eighteen thousand six hundred and eighty whole tributes.

Pampanga, which is about 850 square miles (2,200 km2) in area and inhabited by more than 1.5 million people, had its present borders drawn in 1873. During the Spanish regime it was one of the richest Philippine provinces. Manila and its surrounding region were then primarily dependent on Kapampangan agricultural, fishery and forestry products as well as on the supply of skilled workers. As other Luzon provinces were created due to increases in population, some well-established Pampanga towns were lost to new emerging provinces in Central Luzon.

During the 17th century, The Dutch recruited men from Pampanga as mercenaries who served the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army, known as Papangers[4] part of the larger Mardijkers community. Their legacy can be found in North Jakarta,[5] however, there are few traces of their descendants, except for a small community in Kampung Tugu.

Pampanga, 1899
Pampanga, 1899

The historic province of Bataan which was founded in 1754 under the administration of Spanish Governor-General Pedro Manuel Arandia, absorbed from the province of Pampanga the municipalities of Abucay, Balanga (now a city), Dinalupihan, Llana Hermosa, Orani, Orion, Pilar, and Samal.

During the British occupation of Manila (1762–1764), Bacolor became the provisional Spanish colonial capital and military base.

The old Pampanga towns of Aliaga, Cabiao, Gapan, San Antonio and San Isidro were ceded to the province of Nueva Ecija in 1848 during the term of Spanish Governor-General Narciso Claveria y Zaldua. The municipality of San Miguel de Mayumo of Pampanga was yielded to the province of Bulacan in the same provincial boundary configuration in 1848.

In 1860, the northern towns of Bamban, Capas, Concepcion, Victoria, Tarlac, Mabalacat, Magalang, Porac and Floridablanca were separated from Pampanga and were placed under the jurisdiction of a military command called Comandancia Militar de Tarlac. However, in 1873, the four latter towns were returned to Pampanga and the other five became municipalities of the newly created Province of Tarlac.

On December 8, 1941, Japanese planes bombed Clark Air Base marking the beginning of the invasion of Pampanga. Between 1941 and 1942, occupying Japanese forces began entering Pampanga.

During the counter-insurgencies under the Japanese occupation from 1942 to 1944, Kapampangan guerrilla fighters and the Hukbalahap Communist guerrillas fought side by side in the province of Pampanga, attacking and retreating the Japanese Imperial forces for over three years of fighting and invasion.

The establishment of the military general headquarters and military camp bases of the Philippine Commonwealth Army was active from 1935 to 1946. The Philippine Constabulary was active from 1935 to 1942 and 1944 to 1946 in the province of Pampanga. During the military engagements of the anti-Japanese Imperial military operations in central Luzon from 1942 to 1945 in the province of Bataan, Bulacan, Northern Tayabas (now Aurora), Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac, and Zambales, the local guerrilla resistance fighters and Hukbalahap Communist guerrillas, helped the U.S. military forces fight the Imperial Japanese armed forces.

In the 1945 liberation of Pampanga, Kapampangan guerrilla fighters and the Hukbalahap Communist guerrillas supported combat forces from Filipino and American ground troops in attacking Japanese Imperial forces during the Battle of Pampanga until the end of the Second World War. Local military operations soldiers and officers of the Philippine Commonwealth Army 2nd, 26th, 3rd, 32nd, 33rd, 35th, 36th and 37th Infantry Division and the Philippine Constabulary 3rd Constabulary Regiment recaptured and liberated the province of Pampanga and fought against the Japanese Imperial forces during the Battle of Pampanga.

After the Second World War, operations in the main province of Pampanga was downfall insurgencies and conflicts between the Philippine Government forces and the Hukbalahap Communist rebels on 1946 to 1954 during the Hukbalahap Rebellion.

During the Marcos dictatorship, thousands of Kapampangans were tortured and murdered through various means such as rape, forced stripping, electric shocks, beatings, and genital mutilations, among many others. Kapampangan religious leaders rose up against Marcos until the People Power Revolution occurred, where a Kapampangan, Corazon Aquino, became president.[6][7]

The June 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo displaced a large number of people with the submersion of whole towns and villages by massive lahar floods. This led to a large-scale advancement in disaster preparation in government. In 2010, a Kapampangan, Noynoy Aquino, was elected as president.

Geography

Pampanga covers a total area of 2,002.20 square kilometres (773.05 sq mi)[8] occupying the south-central section of the Central Luzon region. When Angeles City is included for geographical purposes, the province's area is 2,062.47 square kilometres (796.32 sq mi).[8] The province is bordered by Tarlac to the north, Nueva Ecija to the northeast, Bulacan to the east, the Manila Bay to the central-south, Bataan to the southwest, and Zambales to the northwest.

Its terrain is relatively flat with one distinct mountain, Mount Arayat and the notable Pampanga River. Among its municipalities, Porac has the largest area with 314 square kilometres (121 sq mi); Candaba comes in second with 176 square kilometres (68 sq mi); followed by Floridablanca with 175 square kilometres (68 sq mi). Santo Tomas, with an area of only 21 square kilometres (8.1 sq mi), is the smallest.[8]

Climate

The province of Pampanga has two distinct climates, rainy and dry. The rainy or wet season normally begins in May and runs through October, while the rest of the year is the dry season. The warmest period of the year occurs between March and April, while the coolest period is from December through February.

Ph fil pampanga
Political divisions

Administrative divisions

Pampanga old seal
Former seal of the province, designed and in use since 1950. The date of its replacement with the current seal is unknown

Pampanga comprises 19 municipalities and three cities (one highly urbanized and two component).

  •  †  Provincial capital and component city
  •  ∗  Component city
  •      Municipality
  •  ‡  Highly urbanized city (geographically within but independent from the province)
City or municipality District[8] Population ±% p.a. Area[8] Density Brgy. Coordinates[A]
(2015)[2] (2010)[10] km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi
Angeles 1st 411,634 326,336 4.52% 60.27 23.27 6,800 18,000 33 15°08′24″N 120°35′16″E / 15.1399°N 120.5879°E
Apalit 4th 4.9% 107,965 101,537 1.18% 61.47 23.73 1,800 4,700 12 14°57′01″N 120°45′36″E / 14.9502°N 120.7599°E
Arayat 3rd 6.1% 133,492 121,348 1.83% 134.48 51.92 990 2,600 30 15°09′00″N 120°46′03″E / 15.1501°N 120.7675°E
Bacolor 3rd 1.8% 39,460 31,508 4.38% 71.70 27.68 550 1,400 21 14°59′47″N 120°39′05″E / 14.9965°N 120.6513°E
Candaba 4th 5.1% 111,586 102,399 1.65% 176.40 68.11 630 1,600 33 15°05′33″N 120°49′39″E / 15.0925°N 120.8276°E
Floridablanca 2nd 5.7% 125,163 110,846 2.34% 175.48 67.75 710 1,800 33 14°58′33″N 120°31′43″E / 14.9759°N 120.5287°E
Guagua 2nd 5.3% 117,430 111,199 1.04% 48.67 18.79 2,400 6,200 31 14°57′55″N 120°38′01″E / 14.9654°N 120.6336°E
Lubao 2nd 7.3% 160,838 150,843 1.23% 155.77 60.14 1,000 2,600 44 14°56′16″N 120°36′01″E / 14.9378°N 120.6004°E
Mabalacat 1st 11.4% 250,799 215,610 2.92% 83.18 32.12 3,000 7,800 27 15°13′22″N 120°34′24″E / 15.2228°N 120.5733°E
Macabebe 4th 3.5% 75,850 70,777 1.33% 105.16 40.60 720 1,900 25 14°54′30″N 120°42′53″E / 14.9084°N 120.7147°E
Magalang 1st 5.1% 113,147 103,597 1.69% 97.32 37.58 1,200 3,100 27 15°12′53″N 120°39′42″E / 15.2147°N 120.6618°E
Masantol 4th 2.6% 57,063 52,407 1.63% 48.25 18.63 1,200 3,100 26 14°53′04″N 120°42′35″E / 14.8845°N 120.7098°E
Mexico 3rd 7.0% 154,624 146,851 0.99% 117.41 45.33 1,300 3,400 43 15°03′53″N 120°43′12″E / 15.0648°N 120.7200°E
Minalin 4th 2.2% 47,713 44,001 1.55% 48.27 18.64 990 2,600 15 14°58′04″N 120°41′09″E / 14.9677°N 120.6859°E
Porac 2nd 5.7% 124,381 111,441 2.11% 314.00 121.24 400 1,000 29 15°04′20″N 120°32′28″E / 15.0723°N 120.5411°E
San Fernando 3rd 14.0% 306,659 285,912 1.34% 67.74 26.15 4,500 12,000 35 15°01′45″N 120°41′34″E / 15.0292°N 120.6928°E
San Luis 4th 2.5% 54,106 49,311 1.78% 56.83 21.94 950 2,500 17 15°02′21″N 120°47′27″E / 15.0393°N 120.7908°E
San Simon 4th 2.4% 53,198 48,353 1.83% 57.37 22.15 930 2,400 14 14°59′42″N 120°46′45″E / 14.9950°N 120.7793°E
Santa Ana 3rd 2.5% 55,178 52,001 1.14% 39.84 15.38 1,400 3,600 14 15°05′41″N 120°45′57″E / 15.0946°N 120.7659°E
Santa Rita 2nd 1.9% 40,979 38,762 1.06% 29.76 11.49 1,400 3,600 10 14°59′56″N 120°37′05″E / 14.9990°N 120.6180°E
Santo Tomas 4th 1.8% 40,475 38,062 1.18% 21.30 8.22 1,900 4,900 7 14°59′38″N 120°42′16″E / 14.9939°N 120.7045°E
Sasmuan 2nd 1.3% 28,004 27,254 0.52% 91.80 35.44 310 800 12 14°56′10″N 120°37′21″E / 14.9362°N 120.6226°E
Total[B] 2,198,110 2,014,019 1.68% 2,002.20 773.05 1,100 2,800 505 (see GeoGroup box)
  1. ^ Coordinates mark the city/town center, and are sortable by latitude.
  2. ^ Total figures exclude the highly urbanized city of Angeles.

Demographics

Population census of
Pampanga
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 1,295,929—    
1995 1,401,756+1.48%
2000 1,614,942+3.08%
2007 1,911,951+2.36%
2010 2,014,019+1.91%
2015 2,198,110+1.68%
(excluding Angeles City)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[2][10][10]

Population

The population of Pampanga in the 2015 census was 2,198,110 people,[2] with a density of 1,100 inhabitants per square kilometre or 2,800 inhabitants per square mile. If Angeles City is included for geographical purposes, the population is 2,609,744, with a density of 1,265/km2 (3,277/sq mi). The native inhabitants of Pampanga are generally referred to as the Kapampangans (alternatively Pampangos or Pampangueños).

Languages

The whole population of Pampanga speak Kapampangan, which is one of the Central Luzon languages along with the Sambalic languages. English and Tagalog are rather spoken and used as secondary languages. There are a few Sambal speakers in the province, especially near the border of Zambales.

Religion

Interior of Our Lady of Grace Parish Church, Mabalacat City, Pampanga
Our Lady of Grace Parish in Mabalacat.

The province of Pampanga is composed of many religious groups, but it is predominantly Roman Catholic, followed by the members of the Iglesia Ni Cristo

Other prominent Christian groups include the Seventh-day Adventist Church, Aglipayan Church, Ang Dating Daan, United Methodist, Church of the Nazarene, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Jehovah's Witnesses, Pentecostal Missionary Church of Christ (4th Watch), Most Holy Church of God in Christ Jesus, Jesus is Lord Church, Evangelicals, Jesus Miracle Crusade, New Generation Church- G12 and many others.

Islam is also present in the province, mainly due to migrants originating from the south, as well as Buddhism, which is practiced by a few people of Chinese descent.

Boat culture

There have been proposals to revitalize the karakoa shipbuilding tradition of the Kapampangan people in recent years. The karakoa was the warship of the Kapampangan from the classical eras (before 15th century) up to the 16th century. The production of the karakoa and its usage were stopped by the Spanish colonialists to establish the galleon ship-making tradition instead, as a sign of Spanish dominance over the Kapampangan.

Economy

Farming and fishing are the two main industries. Major products include rice, corn, sugarcane, and tilapia. Pampanga is the tilapia capital of the country because of its high production reaching 214,210.12 metric tons in 2015. In addition to farming and fishing, the province supports thriving cottage industries that specialize in wood carving, furniture making, guitars and handicrafts. Every Christmas season, the province of Pampanga, especially in the capital city of San Fernando becomes the center of a thriving industry centered on handcrafted lighted lanterns called parols that display a kaleidoscope of light and color. Other industries include its casket industry and the manufacturing of all-purpose vehicles in the municipality of Santo Tomas.

The province is famous for its sophisticated culinary work. Kapampangans are well known for their culinary creations. Famous food products range from the mundane to the exotic. Roel's Meat Products, Pampanga's Best and Mekeni Food are among the better known meat brands of the country producing Kapampangan favorites such as pork and chicken tocinos, beef tapa, hotdogs, longganizas (Philippine-style cured sausages) and chorizos.

Specialty foods such as the siopao, pandesal, tutong, lechon (roasted pig) and its sarsa (sauce) are popular specialty foods in the region. The more exotic betute tugak (stuffed frog), kamaru (mole crickets) cooked adobo, bulanglang (pork cooked in guava juice), lechon kawali and bringhe (a green sticky rice dish like paella) are a mainstay in Kapampangan feasts.

Native sweets and delicacies like pastillas, turonnes de casuy, buro, are the most sought after by Filipinos including a growing number of tourists who enjoy authentic Kapampangan cuisine. The famous cookie in Mexico, Pampanga, Panecillos de San Nicolas, which is known as the mother of all Philippine cookies, is made here, famously made by Lillian Borromeo.[12] The cookies are made with arrowroot, sugar, coconut milk and butter and are blessed in Catholic parishes every year on the feast of San Nicolas Tolentino.[13] The cookies are believed to have a healing power and bestow good luck and are sometimes crumbled into rice fields before planting.[13]

Tourism is a growing industry in the province of Pampanga. Clark Freeport Zone is home to Clark International Airport, designated as the Philippines' future premier gateway. Other developing industries include semiconductor manufacturing for electronics and computers mostly located within the freeport.

Within the Clark Special Economic Zone are well-established hotels and resorts. Popular tourist destinations include St. Peter Shrine in Apalit, Mt. Arayat National Park in San Juan Bano, Mount Arayat, the Paskuhan Village in the City of San Fernando, the Casino Filipino in Angeles City and, for nature and wildlife, "Paradise Ranch and Zoocobia Fun Zoo" in Clark. Well-known annual events include the Giant Lantern Festival in December, the hot air balloon festival in Clarkfield in February, the San Pedro Cutud Lenten Rites celebrated two days before Easter, and the Aguman Sanduk in Minalin celebrated on the afternoon of New Year's Day.

Infrastructure

Telecommunication

Telephone services are provided by the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT), Digitel, Datelcom, the Evangelista Telephone Company, and the Pampanga Telecom Company in the town of Macabebe. The province has 24 public telegraph offices distributed among its towns while the facilities of PT&T and RCPI were set up to serve the business centers in Angeles City, San Fernando City and Guagua.[14]

Several Internet service providers are available. These include the Angeles Computer Network Specialist, Information Resources Network System, Inc., [Mosaic communications Inc., Net Asia Angeles City, Phil World On Line and Comclark Network and Technology Corp.

United Parcel Service (UPS) and Federal Express (FedEx) provide international courier services. Their hubs are in the Clark Freeport Zone. They are complemented by four local couriers operating as the communication and baggage of the province. There are three postal district offices and 35 post office stations distributed in the 20 municipalities and two cities of the province.[15]

Water and power

Potable water supply in the province reaches the populace through three levels namely: Level I (point source system), Level II (communal faucet system), and Level III (individual connections). A well or spring is the pinpointed water source in areas where houses are few as the system is only designed to serve 15 to 25 households. As of 1997, there were 128,571 Level I water system users in the province. The communal faucet system (Level II) serves the rural areas while the Level III system is managed by the Local Water Utilities Administration (LWUA). The system provides individual house connections to all second and first class private subdivisions.

Electric power is distributed to majority of the towns through the distribution centers of the Pampanga Electric Cooperative (PELCO) which include PELCO I, II, III. Small parts of Candaba and Macabebe are also supplied by Manila Electric Company (MERALCO). Angeles City and small parts of Mabalacat are supplied by Angeles Electric Corporation (AEC) Villa de Bacolor, Guagua, Sta, Rita, Lubao, Sasmuan, Porac and Mabalacat are supplied by Pampanga Electric Cooperative II Inc (PELCO II).. City of San Fernando is supplied by San Fernando Electric Company (SFELAPCO).[14]

Power is also transmitted to the province through transmission lines and substations that are located within the province, such as the Mexico and Clark substations, and Hermosa-Balintawak, Mexico-Hermosa, Hermosa-San Jose transmission lines, etc., all of which are operated and maintained by the National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP).

Transportation

The province of Pampanga is strategically located at the crossroads of central Luzon and is highly accessible by air and land. The province is home to two airstrips: Basa Air Base in Floridablanca, which is used by the military, and Clark International Airport in Clark Freeport Zone. Pampanga has five municipal ports that function as fish landing centers. These are in the municipalities of Guagua, Macabebe, Masantol, Minalin, and Sasmuan.[14]

Road transport

Land travel to Pampanga is provided by highways and by buses. Buses that travel the routes of Manila-Bataan, Manila-Zambales, Manila-Tarlac, Manila-Nueva Ecija, Manila-Bulacan-Pampanga, and Manila-Pampanga-Dagupan serve as connections with the nearby provinces and Metro Manila.

The 84 kilometres (52 mi) North Luzon Expressway (NLEX) extends from Balintawak in Quezon City, Metro Manila, to Santa Ines in Mabalacat. It passes through the cities and municipalities of Apalit, San Simon, Santo Tomas, San Fernando, Mexico, Angeles, and ends on Santa Ines in Mabalacat.

The 94 kilometres (58 mi) four-lane Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway (SCTEx) to date, is the longest toll expressway in the Philippines. Its southern terminus is in the Subic Bay Freeport Zone in Zambales and passes through the Clark Freeport Zone in two interchanges: Clark North and Clark South. The expressway is linked to the North Luzon Expressway through the Mabalacat Interchange. Its northern terminus is located at the Central Techno Park in Tarlac City, Tarlac.

Aside from the expressways, national highways also serve the province. Two major national highways serves Pampanga, the MacArthur Highway (N2) and Jose Abad Santos Avenue (N3). Secondary and tertiary national roads, and provincial roads complement the highway backbone.

Schools

Colleges and universities

Attractions

Festivals

  • Every week of January "Sunday" – Ding labas larawan king Masantol (Masantol)
  • 3 days in March or April – Lubao International Balloon Festival (Lubao)
  • Every Last Saturday and Sunday of April – "PISTA ning INDU" – Festivity of Nuestra Señora dela Paz, REINA DE BATALYA / Apung Maria ning Macabebe – Ing Indung Lugud ning Balen (Macabebe)
  • September 24 – feast day of Nuestra Señora De La Merced Mercedarian Festival Apung Dela Merced (Candaba)
  • May 1 – Pinukpukan Festival (Floridablanca), Libad king San Pedro (San Simon, Pampanga)
  • May 8 – Batalya ng San Miguel karing Morus Masantol "Batalla Festival" (Batalya) (Masantol)
  • April every 3rd or 4th Sunday – Tabang Talangka Festival, San Roque de Montpelier (Masantol)
  • August 15, 16, 17 – Batala Festival (Batalya) Batalya ng San Roque de Montpelier (Masantol)
  • May 13 – Batalya ng San Nicolas (Masantol)
  • December 13 Batalaya ng Apu Lucia (Masantol)
  • January 1 – Aguman Sanduk (Minalin)
  • January 5–7 - Kuraldal (Sta. Ana)
  • January 6–10 – Kuraldal (Sasmuan)
  • February – Philippine International Hot-Air Balloon Fiesta (Clark Field, Angeles City)
  • February 28–29 – Caragan Festival (Mabalacat)
  • March/April (Good Friday) – San Pedro Cutud Lenten Rites (Mal a Aldo) (City of San Fernando)
  • May 5 – Sampaguita Festival of (Lubao)
  • May – Sabat/Santacruzan
  • May (first week) – El Circulo Fernandino
  • June 15 – Mt. Pinatubo Day (Aldo ning Bunduc Pinatubo)
  • June 28–30 – Apung Iru Fluvial Procession (Apalit)
  • August 27 – Apung Monica Fluvial Procession (Minalin)
  • September 10 – Sanikulas Festival (Mexico)
  • September 28 – San Lorenzo Ruiz Feast (Mabalacat City)
  • October – Pyestang Tugak (Frog Festival) (City of San Fernando)
  • October – Fiestang Kuliat-Twin Fiesta (La Naval de Angeles and Apung Mamacalulu) (Angeles City)
  • Last Friday and Saturday of October – Tigtigan Terakan Keng Dalan (Angeles City)
  • November – Makatapak Festival (Bacolor)
  • November (Last week of November) – Duman Festival (Santa Rita)
  • December – Sisig Festival (Sadsaran Qng Angeles) (Angeles City)
  • December 1–7 – Sinukwan Festival (City of San Fernando)
  • December 11 – Aldo Ning Kapampangan (Pampanga Day)
  • December – "Dukit Festival" (Betis)
  • July and December – "Serenata" (Betis)
  • December – "La Torre ding Banda" (Betis)
  • December - La Purisima Concepcion Festival (Minalin)
  • December (Saturday before Christmas Eve) – Ligligan Parul (Giant Lantern Festival) (City of San Fernando)
  • December 16–24 – Lubenas (various towns in Northern Pampanga)
  • El Circulos de Masantoleños
  • Maharajah Macabebean

Throughout the year, various towns and cities within the Province of Pampanga celebrates feasts honoring their patron saint. These fiesta days are listed below:

  • Angeles City – Second Sunday of October "Nuestra Señora del Santisimo Rosario de La Naval de Angeles"
  • Apalit – June 28,29 and 30 "San Pedro Apostol"
  • Arayat – November 25 "Santa Catalina Alexandria"
  • Villa de Bacolor – Third Sunday of November "Nuestra Señora del Santisimo Rosario de La Naval de Bacolor"
  • Candaba – November 30 "San Andres Apostol"
  • Floridablanca – May 1 "San Jose Talapagobra"
  • Betis – July 25 and December 30 "Santiago Apostol"
  • Guagua – December 8 "La Purisima Concepcion"
  • Lubao – August 28 "San Agustin de Hippo"
  • Mabalacat – February 2 "Nuestra Señora de la Divina Gracia"
  • Macabebe – September 10 "San Nicolas Tolentino"
  • Magalang – August 24 "San Bartolome Apostol"
  • Masantol – May 8 "San Miguel Arcanghel"
  • Mexico – May 4 "Santa Monica"
  • Minalin – Second Sunday of May "Santa Monica"
  • Porac – November 25 "Santa Catalina Alexandria"
  • City of San Fernando – May 30 "San Fernando Rey"
  • San Luis – June 21 "San Luis Gonzaga"
  • San Simon – October 12 "Nuestra Señora del Pilar"
  • Santa Ana – July 26 "Santa Ana"
  • Santa Rita – May 22 "Santa Rita de Casia"
  • Santo Tomas – December 21 "Santo Tomas Apostol
  • Sasmuan – December 13 "Santa Lucia Martir"

In addition to the town fiesta many barangays within each municipality celebrates a local fiesta honoring a particular patron saint.

Natural parks

  • Nabulod Upland Zipline (Floridablanca)
  • Palakol (Floridablanca)
  • Mount Arayat National Park (Arayat)
  • Scenic Candaba Swamps and Wild Duck & Birds Sanctuary (Candaba)
  • Mount Pinatubo Crater Lake (Pampanga/Tarlac/Zambales)
  • Dara Falls (Porac) – Pampanga's version of the Pagsanjan Falls of Laguna
  • Miyamit Falls & Porac Peak (Porac)
  • Hot Spring of Sitio Puning (Porac via Sapang Bato, Angeles City)
  • Maruring Falls (Mabalacat City via Clark)
  • Lahar Canyon (Porac & Villa de Bacolor)
  • Muñoz Park (Minalin)
  • Lubao Bamboo Hub (Lubao)

Government and politics

Like other provinces in the Philippines, Pampanga is governed by a governor and vice governor who are elected to three-year terms. The governor is the executive head and leads the province's departments in executing the ordinances and improving public services. The vice governor heads a legislative council (Sangguniang Panlalawigan) consisting of board members from the districts.

Provincial government

Pampanga Provincial Capitol
Pampanga Provincial Capitol

Just as the national government, the provincial government is divided into three branches: executive, legislative and judiciary. The judicial branch is administered solely by the Supreme Court of the Philippines. The LGUs have control of the executive and legislative branch.

The executive branch is composed of the governor for the province, mayors for the cities and municipalities, and the barangay captains for the barangays.[17] The provincial assembly for the provinces, Sangguniang Panlungsod (city assembly) for the cities, Sangguniang Bayan (town assembly) for the municipalities, Sangguniang Barangay (barangay council), and the Sangguniang Kabataan for the youth sector.

The seat of government is vested upon the governor and other elected officers who hold office at the Provincial Capitol building. The Sanguniang Panlalawigan is the center of legislation.

Court system

The Supreme Court of the Philippines recognizes Pampanga regional trial courts and metropolitan or municipal trial courts within the province and towns, that have an overall jurisdiction in the populace of the province and towns, respectively.[18]

HallsofJusticePampangajfx
Façade of Halls of Justice (view from the rear of the Capitolio)

Batas Pambansa Blg. 129, "The Judiciary Reorganization Act of 1980", as amended, created Regional, Metropolitan, Municipal Trial and Circuit Courts. The Third Judicial Region includes RTCs in Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Palayan and San Jose, inter alia: xxx. There shall be – (c) Seventy-five Regional Trial judges shall be commissioned for the Third Judicial Region: Twenty-two branches (Branches XLI to LXII) for the province of Pampanga and the city of Angeles, Branches XLI to XLVIII with seats at San Fernando, Branches XLIX to LIII at Guagua, Branches LIV and LV at Macabebe, and Branches LVI to LXII at Angeles City;

The law also created Metropolitan Trial Court in each metropolitan area established by law, a Municipal Trial Court in each of the other cities or municipalities, and a Municipal Circuit Trial Court in each circuit comprising such cities and/or municipalities as are grouped together pursuant to law: three branches for Cabanatuan City; in every city which does not form part of a metropolitan area, there shall be a Municipal Trial Court with one branch, except as hereunder provided: Three branches for Angeles City;

In each of the municipalities that are not comprised within a metropolitan area and a municipal circuit there shall be a Municipal Trial Court which shall have one branch, except as hereunder provided: Four branches for San Fernando and two branches for Guagua, both of Pampanga.[19]

Governors

  • Lilia Pineda

Notable people from Pampanga

Politics

Artists and entertainers

  • Manuel Lapid(Lito Lapid) from Porac
  • Jess Lapid, Rey Lapid, Rex Lapid

Religious leaders

Sports

  • Michael Sudaria – Filipino volleyball athlete.
  • Ato Agustin – Filipino professional basketball player and coach, from Lubao, Pampanga.
  • Victonara Galang – Filipino volleyball athlete.
  • Efren "Bata" Reyes – billiards player from Angeles City.
  • Jayson Castro William – Filipino professional basketball player from Guagua, Pampanga.
  • Japeth Aguilar – Filipino professional basketball player from Sasmuan, Pampanga.
  • Arwind Santos – Filipino professional basketball player from Lubao, Pampanga.
  • Calvin Abueva – Filipino professional basketball player from Angeles City.
  • Diana Mae Carlos – Filipino volleyball athlete.

Others

  • Kristine Johnson – Filipino-American co-anchor at WCBS-TV, born in Clark Air Base.
  • Oscar Albayalde – A police officer, current chief of the Philippine National Police and former director of the National Capital Police Office, born in San Fernando

[20][21]

References

  1. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  3. ^ "PSA- Active Stats - PSGC Interactive - Region: REGION III (Central Luzon)". Archived from the original on 14 November 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  4. ^ Müller, Kal (1 January 1997). East of Bali: From Lombok to Timor. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 9789625931784. Retrieved 7 September 2016 – via Google Books.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-10-06. Retrieved 2011-07-06.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Villareal, Wilfred (September 22, 2008). "Pampanga activists remember Martial Law". GMANews.TV. Retrieved 2019-03-16.
  7. ^ Galvez, Daphne (September 21, 2018). "Remembering Martial Law under the Marcos regime". Inquirer.net. Retrieved 2019-03-16.
  8. ^ a b c d e "Province: Pampanga". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  9. ^ "Weather forecast for Pampanga, Philippines". Storm247.com. StormGeo AS, Nordre Nøstekaien 1, N-5011 Bergen, Norway: StormGeo AS. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  10. ^ a b c Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  11. ^ "Pangasinan: The Most Populated Province in the Philippines (Results f…".
  12. ^ "clarkisitv2". Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  13. ^ a b "These Buttery Cookies Are The Most Delicious Medicine on Earth". The Daily Meal. Retrieved 2017-06-26.
  14. ^ a b c "Province of Pampanga, A Profile of Region III" (PDF). Pia.gov.ph. September 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-08-21. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
  15. ^ "Provincial Government of Pampanga". Pampanga.gov.ph. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
  16. ^ "CELTECH COLLEGE". Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  17. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-26. Retrieved 2015-04-04.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ Firm, Joselito Guianan Chan, Managing Partner, Chan Robles and Associates Law. "PHILIPPINE LAWS, STATUTES AND CODES - CHAN ROBLES VIRTUAL LAW LIBRARY". Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  19. ^ Firm, Joselito Guianan Chan, Managing Partner, Chan Robles and Associates Law. "THE JUDICIARY REORGANIZATION ACT OF 1980 (B. P. BLG. 129) - CHAN ROBLES VIRTUAL LAW LIBRARY". Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  20. ^ "Hoy! Pinoy Ako!". Carouselpinoy.com. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-06-15. Retrieved 2009-07-14.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

External links

Angeles, Philippines

Angeles, officially the City of Angeles (Kapampangan: Lakanbalen ning Angeles; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Angeles), or simply referred to as Angeles City, is a 1st class highly urbanized city in the region of Central Luzon, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 411,634 people.It is bordered by Mabalacat to the north; Mexico to the east; San Fernando to the southeast; Bacolor to the south; and Porac to the southwest and west. Though the city administers itself autonomously from Pampanga, it is the province's commercial and financial hub.

Angeles is served by the Clark International Airport in Clark Freeport Zone. Being home of the former Clark Air Base (once the largest United States military facility outside the continental United States), it was significantly affected by the fallout from the eruption of Mount Pinatubo in 1991. The economy of Angeles was heavily dependent on the American base at that time.In 1993, a full cleanup and removal of volcanic ash deposits began and the former U.S. base was transformed into the Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ). The creation of CSEZ has helped to offset the loss of income and jobs previously generated by the presence of the U.S. base in the city. Today, Angeles and Clark form the hub for business, industry, aviation, and tourism in the Philippines as well as a leisure, fitness, entertainment and gaming center of Central Luzon.Angeles ranked 15th in a survey by MoneySense magazine as one of the "Best Places to Live in the Philippines" in its March–April 2008 issue.Angeles is 83 kilometres (52 mi) from Manila and 17 kilometres (11 mi) from the provincial capital, San Fernando.

Brillante Mendoza

Brillante "Dante" Mendoza (born 30 July 1960) is a Filipino independent film director. He was born and raised in San Fernando, Pampanga. He took advertising arts of the then College of Architecture and fine arts at the University of Santo Tomas.

He has directed sixteen films since 2005. He won the award for Best Director for his film Kinatay at the 62nd Cannes Film Festival. His 2009 film Lola won the award for Best Film at the 6th Dubai International Film Festival. His 2012 film Captive was shown in competition at the 62nd Berlin International Film Festival in February 2012.His 2012 film Thy Womb competed for the Golden Lion at the 69th Venice International Film Festival. and earned Mendoza the award for Achievement in Directing at the Asia Pacific Screen Awards in 2012. His film Taklub has been selected to be screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival.On 25 July 2016, he directed the first State of the Nation Address of President Rodrigo Duterte. Mendoza was again attached to direct Duterte's second State of the Nation Address on 24 July 2017.

Candaba, Pampanga

Candaba, officially the Municipality of Candaba, (Kapampangan: Balen ning Candaba; formerly Candawe), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 111,586 people.

Central Luzon

Central Luzon (Kapampangan: Kalibudtarang Luzon, Pangasinan: Pegley na Luzon, Tagalog: Gitnang Luzon, Ilokano: Tengnga a Luzon), designated as Region III, is an administrative region in the Philippines, primarily serving to organize the 7 provinces of the vast central plains of the island of Luzon (the largest island), for administrative convenience. The region contains the largest plain in the country and produces most of the country's rice supply, earning itself the nickname "Rice Granary of the Philippines". Its provinces are: Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac and Zambales.

Colegio de San Lorenzo

Colegio de San Lorenzo (CDSL) is a private Catholic college located in Barangay Bahay Toro, Quezon City and in Macabebe, Pampanga. It opened in 1988 in Quezon City and the branch in the founder's hometown of Macabebe opened in 1996.

Floridablanca, Pampanga

Floridablanca, officially the Municipality of Floridablanca, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 125,163 people.

Kapampangan people

The Kapampangan people (Kapampangan: Taung Kapampangan), also known as Pampangueños or Pampangos, are the fifth largest ethnolinguistic group in the Philippines, numbering about 2.89 million. They live mainly in the provinces of Pampanga, Bataan and Tarlac, as well as Bulacan, Nueva Ecija and Zambales.

Legislative districts of Pampanga

The Legislative Districts of Pampanga, namely the first, second, third and fourth districts, are the current representations of the Province of Pampanga and the independent city of Angeles in the Philippine House of Representatives.

The province was divided into two legislative districts until 1972. The province and the chartered city of Angeles were represented in the Interim Batasang Pambansa as part of Region III from 1978 to 1984, and together elected four representatives at-large to the Regular Batasang Pambansa from 1984 to 1986. Pampanga (with the highly urbanized city of Angeles) was redistricted into four congressional districts under the new Constitution which took effect on February 7, 1987, and elected members to the restored House of Representatives starting that same year.

Lito Lapid

Manuel Mercado "Lito" Lapid (born October 25, 1955, Porac, Pampanga) is a Filipino actor, who served as a Senator of the Philippines.

Lubao, Pampanga

Lubao, officially the Municipality of Lubao, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 160,838 people.It is bounded by the municipalities of Guagua on the north, Sasmuan on the east, Floridablanca on the west and Orani, Bataan, on the south. Located at the south-western part of Pampanga, it is noted for rice, sugar cane, fish, and sampaguita.

Mabalacat

Mabalacat, officially the City of Mabalacat, (Kapampangan: Lakanbalen ning Mabalacat; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Mabalacat), or simply referred to as Mabalacat City, is a 3rd class city in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 250,799 people.The former municipality was officially converted into a city following a referendum on July 21, 2012 and became the third in Pampanga after Angeles City and San Fernando.

The city's name is derived from indigenous Negrito word mabalacat meaning "forest of balacats".

Mabalacat has a land area of 83.18 square kilometres (32.12 sq mi). Roughly majority of the Clark Freeport Zone is located in Mabalacat, the rest in nearby Angeles City, where the main gate is located. The Clark International Airport, as well as the numerous hotels, casinos, golf courses, and resorts in Clark Freeport, are mostly situated in Mabalacat City.The soil is charcoal black and shiny, a sign of fertility, and is suitable for growing rice, sugarcane and other rootcrops. Like the neighbouring cities of Angeles and San Fernando and the towns/municipalities of Porac, Bacolor, Santa Rita, Mexico, Magalang and Arayat, this city rarely gets inundated by floods from heavy rains and typhoons because it is situated on an elevated, well-drained part of the Central Luzon plains known as the "Upper Pampanga".

Mabalacat is 93 kilometres (58 mi) from Manila, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from Angeles, and 27 kilometres (17 mi) from the provincial capital, San Fernando.

Mexico, Pampanga

Mexico, officially the Municipality of Mexico, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 154,624 people. It was also formerly known as Nuevo México during the Spanish period

Pampanga longganisa

Pampanga longganisa is a Filipino pork sausage originating from the province of Pampanga. It is a type of hamonado (sweet) longganisa. It is typically longer and thinner than other Philippine sausages. It is made with pork, garlic, brown sugar, black pepper, coarse salt, and vinegar. It can be prepared with or without the casing. It is typically dyed orange or red with achuete seeds. It is the most common sweet-type longganisa eaten throughout the Philippines, since it is commercially mass-produced.

Porac, Pampanga

Porac, officially the Municipality of Porac, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 124,381 people.It is 26 kilometres (16 mi) west from the provincial capital San Fernando.

With an area of 31,400 hectares (78,000 acres), Porac is the largest town in Pampanga. The Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway (SCTEx) traverses this town, the exit of which is located in Barangay Manuali. Porac was among the largest municipalities in the archipelago before it was divided into separate municipalities. A portion of Mount Pinatubo is in the municipality.

San Fernando, Pampanga

San Fernando, officially the City of San Fernando (Kapampangan: Lakanbalen ning San Fernando; Tagalog: Lungsod ng San Fernando), or simply referred to as San Fernando City, is a 1st class city and capital of the province of Pampanga, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 306,659 people.It is the regional center of Central Luzon and located 66 kilometres (41 mi) north of Manila, 73 kilometres (45 mi) east of Subic in Zambales, and 17 kilometres (11 mi) south of Clark Air Base in Angeles City.

The city is named after King Ferdinand VI of Spain and placed under the patronage of Saint Ferdinand III of Castile and León, whose feast is celebrated every 30 May. Popularly known as the "Christmas Capital of the Philippines", the city holds the annual Giant Lantern Festival every December where large parol are displayed in competition. CNN has hailed the city as 'Asia's Christmas capital.'

San Fernando railway station (Pampanga)

San Fernando City station or simply San Fernando station is a defunct railway station of the PNR Northrail line of Philippine National Railways. It is situated San Fernando, Pampanga. Historically, the old PNR train station was the site of a stopping place for Filipino and American prisoners of war during the Bataan death march in 1942.The station is a historical landmark in the City of San Fernando in Pampanga, the Philippines.

The station has been closed since the ending of northbound rail services by Philippine National Railways over thirty years ago.

Sisig

Sisig is a Kapampangan dish made from parts of pig head and chicken liver, usually seasoned with calamansi , onions and chili peppers. Sisig was first mentioned in a Kapampangan dictionary in the 17th Century meaning "to snack on something sour" and "salad". It usually refers to fruits, often unripe or half-ripe, sometimes dipped in salt and vinegar. It also refers to a method of preparing fish and meat, especially pork, which is marinated in a sour liquid such as lemon juice or vinegar, then seasoned with salt, pepper and other spices.Sisig has been a culinary tradition of Pampanga and the Kapampangan people feel very strongly about it to the point that they declared Sizzling Sisig Babi (pork) as an intangible heritage of Angeles City through a city ordinance (City Ordinance No. 405, Series of 2017 “An ordinance declaring Sizzling Sisig Babi as an intangible cultural heritage of Angeles City, and establishing systems and policies in safeguarding the original recipe of Sizzling Sisig, providing mechanisms of implementation, and for other related purposes”)

University of the Philippines Diliman

The University of the Philippines Diliman (Filipino: Unibersidad ng Pilipinas Diliman, also referred to as UPD, UP Diliman, or simply UP) is a coeducational, public research university located in Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines. It was established on February 12, 1949 as the flagship campus and seat of administration of the University of the Philippines System, the national university of the Philippines.

It is the fourth oldest constituent university of UP and is the largest constituent university in the University of the Philippines System in terms of number of degree-granting academic units, student population, faculty, and library resources. There are 27 degree-granting units on campus, accounting for 22,031 students of which, 15,299 are undergraduates. UP Diliman had a complement of 1,526 full-time faculty in 2012, of whom 528 have doctoral degrees. It has consistently ranked first in government-backed polls as the most significant higher education school in the entire Philippines. It has been ranked between the 60-75 bracket in the best universities in Asia list.In addition to the units in the main campus, UP Diliman has extension programs in Angeles City (the Clark Freeport Zone area) and Olongapo City as well as a marine laboratory in Bolinao, Pangasinan under The Marine Science Institute, and an annex campus at Bonifacio Global City, a financial district in the city of Taguig. UP Diliman offers academic programs in 247 major fields. There were 70 programs at the undergraduate level, 109 at the master’s level and 68 at the doctoral level.The UP Diliman campus is also the site of the country's National Science Complex. Notable research units of UP Diliman centered at the National Science Complex include the Marine Science Institute (MSI), the National Institute of Geological Sciences (NIGS), the National Institute of Physics (NIP), the National Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology-Diliman (NIMBB-Diliman), and the National Institute for Science and Mathematics Education Development (NISMED), which are all pioneers of scientific research and development in the Philippines. The Sentro ng Wikang Filipino-Diliman is devoted to research on the intellectualization of the Filipino language.

Yeng Guiao

Joseller "Yeng" Guiao (Born March 19, 1959) is a Filipino professional basketball head coach, politician, commentator and sports commissioner. He is currently coaching the NLEX Road Warriors of the Philippine Basketball Association, and also serves as the interim head coach of the Philippine National Basketball Team. Guiao won seven PBA titles since starting his head coaching job for Swift in the early 1990s. He is a former Philippine Basketball League commissioner from 1997–2000. He was also the Vice Governor of the Province of Pampanga from 2004 to 2013, serving three different Governors, Mark Lapid, Ed Panlillo and Lilia Pineda. He is a former congressman, representing the 1st District of Pampanga from 2013 to 2016.

Climate data for Pampanga
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.5
(86.9)
31.5
(88.7)
33.1
(91.6)
34.5
(94.1)
34.0
(93.2)
32.6
(90.7)
32.0
(89.6)
31.2
(88.2)
31.4
(88.5)
31.6
(88.9)
31.4
(88.5)
30.5
(86.9)
32.0
(89.7)
Average low °C (°F) 21.6
(70.9)
21.8
(71.2)
22.9
(73.2)
24.1
(75.4)
25.0
(77.0)
25.0
(77.0)
24.6
(76.3)
24.8
(76.6)
24.3
(75.7)
24.0
(75.2)
23.5
(74.3)
22.3
(72.1)
23.7
(74.6)
Average rainy days 5 3 4 5 13 20 22 22 22 17 15 8 156
Source: Storm247 [9]
Places adjacent to Pampanga
Province of Pampanga
Municipalities
Component cities
Highly urbanized city

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