The Palme d'Or (French pronunciation: [palm(ə) dɔʁ]; English: Golden Palm) is the highest prize awarded at the Cannes Film Festival. It was introduced in 1955 by the festival's organizing committee. Previously, from 1939 to 1954, the highest prize at the festival was the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film. In 1964, The Palme d'Or was replaced again by the Grand Prix, before being reintroduced in 1975.
|Presented by||Festival International du Film de Cannes|
|Currently held by||Shoplifters (2018)|
In 1954, the festival decided to present an award annually, titled the Grand Prix of the International Film Festival, with a new design each year from a contemporary artist. The festival's board of directors invited several jewellers to submit designs for a palm, in tribute to the coat of arms of the city of Cannes. The original design by the jeweller Lucienne Lazon had the bevelled lower extremity of the stalk forming a heart, and the pedestal a sculpture in terracotta by the artist Sébastien.
In 1955, the first Palme d'Or was awarded to Delbert Mann for Marty. From 1964 to 1974, the Festival temporarily resumed a Grand Prix. In 1975, the Palme d'Or was reintroduced and has since remained the symbol of the Cannes Film Festival, awarded every year to the director of the winning film, and presented in a case of pure red Morocco leather lined with white suede.
As of 2018, Jane Campion is the only female director to have won the Palme d'Or, for her work on The Piano. However, in 2013, when Blue Is the Warmest Color won the Palme d'Or, the Steven Spielberg-headed jury awarded it to the film's director Abdellatif Kechiche, as well as the film's actresses Adèle Exarchopoulos and Léa Seydoux. This marks the first time multiple Palme d'Or trophies were given out in the festival's history.
The jury decided to award the actresses alongside the director due to a Cannes policy that forbids the Palme d'Or-winning film from receiving any additional awards, thereby preventing the jury from rewarding both the film and the film's actresses separately. Of the unorthodox decision, Spielberg said that "had the casting been 3% wrong, it wouldn't have worked like it did for us". Kechiche later auctioned off his Palme d'Or trophy to fund his new feature film, and expressed mixed feelings about the festival having given out multiple trophies in an interview with The Hollywood Reporter.
Since its reintroduction, the prize has been redesigned several times. At the beginning of the 1980s, the rounded shape of the pedestal, bearing the palm, gradually transformed to become pyramidal in 1984. In 1992, Thierry de Bourqueney redesigned the Palme and its pedestal in hand-cut crystal.
In 1997, a new design, created by Caroline Scheufele from Chopard, was created; a single piece of cut crystal forms a cushion for the 24-carat gold palm, which was hand-cast into a wax mould and presented in a case of blue Morocco leather.
The winner of the 2014 Palme d'Or, Winter Sleep—a Turkish film by Nuri Bilge Ceylan—occurred during the same year as the 100th anniversary of Turkish cinema. Upon receiving the award, Ceylan dedicated the prize to both the "young people" involved in the ongoing political unrest in Turkey and the workers who were killed in the Soma mine disaster, which occurred on the day prior to the commencement of the awards event.
|Year||Film||Original title||Director(s)||Nationality of director *|
|Awarded as "Grand Prix du Festival International du Film"|
|1939 ‡||Union Pacific||Cecil B. DeMille||United States|
|1940–1945||No awards due to World War II.|
|1946||The Turning Point||Velikij perelom / Великий перелом||Fridrikh Ermler||Soviet Union|
|Men Without Wings||Muži bez křídel||František Čáp||Czechoslovakia|
|The Last Chance||Die Letzte Chance||Leopold Lindtberg||Switzerland|
|Portrait of Maria||María Candelaria||Emilio Fernández||Mexico|
|Rome, Open City||Roma, città aperta||Roberto Rossellini||Italy|
|Neecha Nagar (Lowly City)||Nīcā nagar / नीचा नगर||Chetan Anand||India|
|Brief Encounter||David Lean||United Kingdom|
|Pastoral Symphony||La symphonie pastorale||Jean Delannoy||France|
|The Lost Weekend||Billy Wilder||United States|
|The Red Meadows||De røde enge||Bodil Ipsen and Lau Lauritzen, Jr.||Denmark|
|1949||The Third Man||Carol Reed||United Kingdom|
|1951||Miss Julie||Fröken Julie||Alf Sjöberg||Sweden|
|Miracle in Milan||Miracolo a Milano||Vittorio De Sica||Italy|
|1952||The Tragedy of Othello: The Moor of Venice||Orson Welles||United States|
|Two Cents Worth of Hope||Due soldi di speranza||Renato Castellani||Italy|
|1953||The Wages of Fear||Le salaire de la peur||Henri-Georges Clouzot||France|
|1954||Gate of Hell||Jigoku-mon / 地獄門||Teinosuke Kinugasa||Japan|
|Awarded as "Palme d'Or"|
|1955||Marty §||Delbert Mann||United States|
|1956||The Silent World||Le monde du silence||Jacques Cousteau and Louis Malle||France|
|1957||Friendly Persuasion||William Wyler||United States|
|1958||The Cranes Are Flying||Letyat zhuravli / Летят журавли||Mikhail Kalatozov||Soviet Union|
|1959||Black Orpheus §||Orfeu Negro||Marcel Camus||France|
|1960||The Sweet Life §||La dolce vita||Federico Fellini||Italy|
|1961||The Long Absence §||Une aussi longue absence||Henri Colpi||France|
|Viridiana §||Luis Buñuel||Mexico|
|1962||Keeper of Promises §||O Pagador de Promessas||Anselmo Duarte||Brazil|
|1963||The Leopard §||Il gattopardo||Luchino Visconti||Italy|
|Awarded as "Grand Prix du Festival International du Film"|
|1964||The Umbrellas of Cherbourg||Les parapluies de Cherbourg||Jacques Demy||France|
|1965||The Knack … and How to Get It||Richard Lester||United Kingdom|
|1966||A Man and a Woman||Un homme et une femme||Claude Lelouch||France|
|The Birds, the Bees and the Italians||Signore e signori||Pietro Germi||Italy|
|1968||No awards this year because of the May 1968 events in France.|
|1969||If....||Lindsay Anderson||United Kingdom|
|1970||MASH||Robert Altman||United States|
|1971||The Go-Between||Joseph Losey||United Kingdom|
|1972||The Working Class Goes to Heaven §||La classe operaia va in paradiso||Elio Petri||Italy|
|The Mattei Affair §||Il caso Mattei||Francesco Rosi||Italy|
|1973||The Hireling||Alan Bridges||United Kingdom|
|Scarecrow||Jerry Schatzberg||United States|
|1974||The Conversation||Francis Ford Coppola||United States|
|Awarded as "Palme d'Or"|
|1975||Chronicle of the Years of Fire||Chronique des années de braise||Mohammed Lakhdar-Hamina||Algeria|
|1976||Taxi Driver||Martin Scorsese||United States|
|1977||Padre Padrone||Paolo and Vittorio Taviani||Italy|
|1978||The Tree of Wooden Clogs §||L'albero degli zoccoli||Ermanno Olmi||Italy|
|1979||Apocalypse Now||Francis Ford Coppola||United States|
|The Tin Drum||Die Blechtrommel||Volker Schlöndorff||West Germany|
|1980||All That Jazz||Bob Fosse||United States|
|Kagemusha||Kagemusha / 影武者||Akira Kurosawa||Japan|
|1981||Man of Iron||Człowiek z żelaza||Andrzej Wajda||Poland|
|The Way §||Yol||Yılmaz Güney and Şerif Gören||Turkey|
|1983||The Ballad of Narayama||Narayama bushikō / 楢山節考||Shohei Imamura||Japan|
|1984||Paris, Texas §||Wim Wenders||West Germany|
|1985||When Father Was Away on Business §||Otats na službenom putu / Отац на службеном путу||Emir Kusturica||Yugoslavia|
|1986||The Mission||Roland Joffé||United Kingdom|
|1987||Under the Sun of Satan §||Sous le soleil de Satan||Maurice Pialat||France|
|1988||Pelle the Conqueror||Pelle erobreren||Bille August||Denmark|
|1989||Sex, Lies, and Videotape||Steven Soderbergh||United States|
|1990||Wild at Heart||David Lynch||United States|
|1991||Barton Fink §||Joel and Ethan Coen||United States|
|1992||The Best Intentions||Den goda viljan||Bille August||Denmark|
|1993||Farewell My Concubine||Bàwáng bié jī / 霸王別姬||Chen Kaige||China|
|The Piano||Jane Campion||New Zealand|
|1994||Pulp Fiction||Quentin Tarantino||United States|
|1995||Underground||Podzemlje / Подземље||Emir Kusturica||Serbia and Montenegro|
|1996||Secrets & Lies||Mike Leigh||United Kingdom|
|1997||Taste of Cherry||Ta'm-e gīlās / طعم گيلاس||Abbas Kiarostami||Iran|
|The Eel||Unagi / うなぎ||Shohei Imamura||Japan|
|1998||Eternity and a Day §||Mia aio̱nióti̱ta kai mia méra / Μια αιωνιότητα και μια μέρα||Theodoros Angelopoulos||Greece|
|1999||Rosetta §||Jean-Pierre Dardenne and Luc Dardenne||Belgium|
|2000||Dancer in the Dark||Lars von Trier||Denmark|
|2001||The Son's Room||La stanza del figlio||Nanni Moretti||Italy|
|2002||The Pianist||Roman Polanski||France, Poland|
|2003||Elephant||Gus Van Sant||United States|
|2004||Fahrenheit 9/11||Michael Moore||United States|
|2005||The Child||L'enfant||Jean-Pierre Dardenne and Luc Dardenne||Belgium|
|2006||The Wind That Shakes the Barley §||Ken Loach||United Kingdom|
|2007||4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days||4 luni, 3 săptămâni şi 2 zile||Cristian Mungiu||Romania|
|2008||The Class §||Entre les murs||Laurent Cantet||France|
|2009||The White Ribbon||Das weiße Band, Eine deutsche Kindergeschichte||Michael Haneke||Austria|
|2010||Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives||Lung Bunmi Raluek Chat / ลุงบุญมีระลึกชาติ||Apichatpong Weerasethakul||Thailand|
|2011||The Tree of Life||Terrence Malick||United States|
|2013||Blue Is the Warmest Colour §||La Vie d'Adèle: Chapitres 1 et 2||Abdellatif Kechiche and Adèle Exarchopoulos and Léa Seydoux||Tunisia, France, France|
|2014||Winter Sleep||Kış Uykusu||Nuri Bilge Ceylan||Turkey|
|2016||I, Daniel Blake||Ken Loach||United Kingdom|
|2017||The Square||Ruben Östlund||Sweden|
|2018||Shoplifters||万引き家族 / Manbiki kazoku||Hirokazu Kore-eda||Japan|
Eight directors or co-directors have won the award twice:
In 2002 the festival began to sporadically award a non-competitive Honorary Palme d'Or to directors who had achieved a notable body of work but who had never won a competitive Palme d'Or. In 2011 the festival announced that the award would be given out annually, however plans for this fell through and it was not awarded again until four years later in 2015. American director Woody Allen was the inaugural recipient while pioneering French filmmaker Agnès Varda was the first woman to receive the award in 2015. In 2016, Jean-Pierre Léaud became the first person to be awarded solely for acting.
|Year||Recipient||Profession||Nationality of recipient|
|2002||Woody Allen||Director/Actor/Screenwriter||United States|
|2008||Manoel de Oliveira||Director||Portugal|
|2009||Clint Eastwood||Actor/Director||United States|
|2017||Jeffrey Katzenberg||Producer||United States|
In 2018, the Cannes jury also awarded a "Special Palme d'Or" for the first time.
|Year||Film||Original title||Director(s)||Nationality of director||Ref(s)|
|2018||The Image Book||Le Livre d'image||Jean-Luc Godard||France, Switzerland|||
Abdellatif Kechiche (French: [abdɛlatif keʃiʃ]; Tunisian Arabic: عبد اللطيف كشيش, born 7 December 1960) is a Tunisian-French actor, film director and screenwriter. He made his directorial debut in 2000 with La Faute à Voltaire, which he also wrote. His film Blue Is the Warmest Colour won the Palme d'Or at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival.Bille August
Bille August (born 9 November 1948) is a Danish Academy Award-winning film and television director. His 1987 film Pelle the Conqueror won the Palme d'Or, Academy Award and Golden Globe. He is one of only eight directors to win the Palme d'Or twice, winning the prestigious award again in 1992 for The Best Intentions, based on the autobiographical script by Ingmar Bergman. He was married to Swedish actress Pernilla August from 1991 to 1997.Cristian Mungiu
Cristian Mungiu (Romanian: [kristiˈan munˈd͡ʒi.u]; born 27 April 1968) is a Romanian filmmaker. He won the Palme d'Or at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival for his film 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days, which he wrote and directed. He has also won the awards for Best Screenplay and Best Director, at the 2012 and 2016 Cannes Film Festivals, for his films Beyond the Hills and Graduation.Dardenne brothers
Brothers Jean-Pierre Dardenne (French: [daʁdɛn]; born 21 April 1951) and Luc Dardenne (born 10 March 1954), collectively referred to as the Dardenne brothers, are a Belgian filmmaking duo. They write, produce and direct their films together.
The Dardennes began making narrative and documentary films in the late 1970s. They came to international attention in the mid-1990s with La Promesse (The Promise). They won their first major international film prize when Rosetta won the Palme d'Or at the 1999 Cannes Film Festival. Their work tends to reflect left-wing themes and points-of-view.
In 2002, Olivier Gourmet won Best Actor at Cannes for the Dardennes' Le Fils (The Son). In 2005, they won the Palme d'Or a second time for their film L’Enfant (The Child), putting them in an elite club, at the time, of only seven. Their film, Le Silence de Lorna (Lorna's Silence), won Best Screenplay at the 2008 Cannes Film Festival and was released in Europe in the fall. Their film The Kid with a Bike won the Grand Prix at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival, received one Golden Globe nomination and eight Magritte Award nominations. Jean-Pierre was the jury president for the Cinéfoundation and Short Films sections of the 2012 Cannes Film Festival. In 2015, their film Deux jours, une nuit (Two Days, One Night) received nine Magritte Award nominations (winning three) and one Academy Award nomination for Best Actress for Marion Cotillard.Dheepan
Dheepan is a 2015 French crime drama film directed by Jacques Audiard and co-written by Audiard, Thomas Bidegain, and Noé Debré. The film was partly inspired by Montesquieu's Persian Letters, as well as the 1971 film Straw Dogs, with guidance from Antonythasan Jesuthasan, who stars as the title character.
The film tells the story of three Tamil refugees who flee the civil war-ravaged Sri Lanka and come to France, in the hope of reconstructing their lives. The film won the Palme d'Or at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival. It was later shown in the Special Presentations section of the 2015 Toronto International Film Festival.Hirokazu Kore-eda
Hirokazu Kore-eda (是枝 裕和, Koreeda Hirokazu, born 6 June 1962) is a Japanese film director, producer, screenwriter, and editor. He began his career in television and has since directed more than a dozen feature films, including Nobody Knows (2004), Still Walking (2008), and After the Storm (2016). He won the Jury Prize at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival for Like Father, Like Son and won the Palme d'Or at the 2018 Cannes Film Festival for Shoplifters.Jacques Audiard
Jacques Audiard (French: [ʒak odjaʁ]; born 30 April 1952) is a French film director and screenwriter. He is the son of Michel Audiard, also a film director and screenwriter.
He has won both the César Award for Best Film and the BAFTA Award for Best Film Not in the English Language twice, in 2005 for The Beat That My Heart Skipped and in 2010 for A Prophet, as well as winning the Grand Prix at the Cannes Film Festival.
His 2012 film Rust and Bone, competed for the Palme d'Or at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival, was nominated for a BAFTA Award for Best Film Not in the English Language, for a Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film and won the BFI London Film Festival Award for Best Film.
His 2015 film Dheepan won the Palme d'Or at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival.L'Enfant (film)
L'Enfant (English: The Child) is a 2005 Belgian film directed by Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne, starring Jérémie Renier and Déborah François. The film was released under its French title in the US, and as The Child in the UK.
It received critical acclaim and won the Palme d'Or at the 2005 Cannes Film Festival, among other accolades. In 2017, the film was named the fourteenth "Best Film of the 21st Century So Far" by The New York Times.La Symphonie pastorale (film)
La Symphonie pastorale is a 1946 French language film drama directed by Jean Delannoy and starring Michèle Morgan and Pierre Blanchar.
The film is based on the novella La Symphonie Pastorale by André Gide and adapted to the screen by Jean Aurenche. The film score was by Georges Auric. At the 1946 Cannes Film Festival, it won the Grand Prix (equivalent of the Palme d'Or) and the Best Actress award for Michèle Morgan.
It was the film chosen to be shown at the opening gala of the Cameo cinema in Edinburgh, Scotland, in March 1949, and a rare surviving print with English subtitles was shown there again in 2009 to celebrate the film's 60th anniversary, courtesy of the BFI.Marcel Camus
Marcel Camus (21 April 1912 – 13 January 1982) was a French film director. He is best known for Orfeu Negro (Black Orpheus), which won the Palme d'Or at the 1959 Cannes Film Festival and the 1960 Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.Nuri Bilge Ceylan
Nuri Bilge Ceylan (Turkish pronunciation: [ˈnuːɾi ˈbilɟe ˈdʒejlan], born 26 January 1959) is a Turkish film director, photographer, screenwriter and actor.
He won the Palme d'Or, the highest prize at the Cannes Film Festival, in 2014. He is married to filmmaker, photographer, and actress Ebru Ceylan, with whom he co-starred in Climates (2006).Omnibus (film)
Omnibus is a 1992 French short comedy film directed by Sam Karmann. It won an Oscar in 1993 for Best Short Subject and it won the Short Film Palme d'Or at the 1992 Cannes Film Festival.Shoplifters
Shoplifters (Japanese: 万引き家族, Hepburn: Manbiki Kazoku, direct translation Shoplifting Family) is a 2018 Japanese drama film directed, written and edited by Hirokazu Kore-eda. Starring Lily Franky and Sakura Ando, it is about a non-biological family that relies on shoplifting to cope with a life of poverty.
Kore-eda wrote the screenplay contemplating what makes a family, and inspired by reports on poverty and shoplifting in Japan. Principal photography began in mid-December 2017.
The film premiered on 13 May 2018 at the Cannes Film Festival, where it went on to win the Palme d'Or. The film was released in Japan on 8 June 2018 and was a critical and commercial success. Shoplifters won three Mainichi Film Awards, including Best Film, and the Asia Pacific Screen Award for Best Feature Film, and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film and the Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film.Short Film Palme d'Or
The Short Film Palme d'Or (French: Palme d'Or du court métrage) is the highest prize given to a short film at the Cannes Film Festival. Since the creation of the Cinéfondation section in 1998, a common Official Jury awards the Short Film Palme d'Or as well as the prizes for the three best films of the Cinéfondation.From 1952 to 1954 and from 1964 to 1974, the highest prize of the year for a short film was awarded as the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film, commonly referred to as Grand Prix.The Ballad of Narayama (1983 film)
The Ballad of Narayama (楢山節考, Narayama bushikō) is a 1983 Japanese film by director Shōhei Imamura. It stars Sumiko Sakamoto as Orin, Ken Ogata, and Shoichi Ozawa. It is an adaptation of the book Narayama bushikō by Shichirō Fukazawa and slightly inspired by the 1958 film directed by Keisuke Kinoshita. It won the Palme d'Or at the 1983 Cannes Film Festival.The Cranes Are Flying
The Cranes Are Flying (Russian: Летят журавли, translit. Letyat zhuravli) is a 1957 Soviet film about World War II. It depicts the cruelty of war and the damage suffered to the Soviet psyche as a result of World War II (known in the Soviet Union as the Great Patriotic War). It was directed at Mosfilm by the Georgian-born Soviet director Mikhail Kalatozov in 1957 and stars Aleksey Batalov and Tatiana Samoilova. It won the Palme d'Or at the 1958 Cannes Film Festival, the only Soviet film to win that award, although The Turning Point (1946) was one of eleven films awarded that year's Grand Prix, the predecessor of the Palme d'Or.The Long Absence
The Long Absence (French: Une aussi longue absence) is a 1961 French film directed by Henri Colpi. It tells the story of Therese (Alida Valli), a café owner mourning the mysterious disappearance of her husband sixteen years earlier. A tramp arrives in the town and she believes him to be her husband. But he is suffering from amnesia and she tries to bring back his memory of earlier times.
The Long Absence shared the Palme d'Or prize with the Luis Buñuel film Viridiana at the 1961 Cannes Film Festival.When Father Was Away on Business
When Father Was Away on Business (Serbo-Croatian: Otac na službenom putu, Отац на службеном путу) is a 1985 Yugoslav film by director Emir Kusturica. The screenplay was written by the Bosnian dramatist Abdulah Sidran. Its subtitle is A Historical Love Film and it was produced by Centar Film and Forum, production companies based in Sarajevo.
Set in post-World War II Yugoslavia during the Informbiro period, the film tells the story from the perspective of a boy, Malik, whose father Meša (Miki Manojlović) was sent to a labour camp. When Father Was Away on Business won the Palme d'Or at the 1985 Cannes Film Festival and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.Yol
Yol (pronounced [joɫ]; translated as The Way, The Road or The Path) is a 1982 Turkish film directed by Şerif Gören. The screenplay was written by Yılmaz Güney, and it was directed by his assistant Şerif Gören, as Güney was in prison at the time. Later, when Güney escaped from prison, he took the negatives of the film to Switzerland and later edited it in Paris.The film is a portrait of Turkey in the aftermath of the 1980 Turkish coup d'état: its people and its authorities are shown via the stories of five prisoners given a week's home leave. The film has caused much controversy in Turkey, and was banned until 1999. However, it won numerous honours, including the Palme d'Or at the 1982 Cannes Film Festival.
|Awards given |
by independent entities
Palme d'Or winning films